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Copyright, 1883, 1885, 1898, by 
University Publishing Company. 



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The Clarendon Dictionary was the result of an attempt to produce, in 
the smallest compass, a concise and at the same time complete and accu- 
rate dictionary of standard English ; that is, such English as is likely to 
be met with in ordinary reading, but excluding the special terminologies 
of art and science, rare and obsolete words, technical terms of limited 
use, local and dialectic words, and slang. The spelling and pronunciation 
are those sanctioned by the best authorities ; and the definitions are made 
as clear and accurate as possible, and as full as the limitations of the book 

The great and increasing favor with which the book has been received, 
seems to justify the belief that the objects aimed at have been in a great 
measure attained. 

The present edition has undergone a careful and thorough revision ; 
all the type has been reset, and the size of page enlarged. Some imper- 
fections have been amended, various improvements introduced, and the 
vocabulary has been largely extended. 

To combine the two qualities of fulness and conciseness, many deriva- 
tives are entered under their primitives without further definition when 
the meaning is unmistakably implied. Thus adverbs in -ly derived from 

adjectives and signifying " in a manner," are sub-entered under the 

adjectives, as carelessly under careless. So with many abstract nouns in -nesd, 
signifying ** quality " or "state of being," as artlessness under artless; 
adjectives in -ic or -ical derived from nouns and signifying "pertaining 
to" or "characterized by," as gastronomic under gastronomy, allegorical 
under allegory. Also many verbal nouns in -ment and -ation, signifying 
" act of " or " state of being," are sub-entered under their verbs, as bom- 
bardment, humiliation. "When there is a change of accent in these deriva- 
tives, it is duly noted. 

The pronunciation was prepared by the late Professor S. S. Haldeman, 

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whose extensive knowledge of linguistics and phonology especially qualified 
him for the task. It is retained unchanged, except in a few slight par- 
ticulars. Some alternative pronunciations, which seem to have the support 
of sufficient authority to entitle them to recognition, have been admitted ; 
and some modifications have been introduced into the symbols, to insure 
greater accuracy. 

No attempt has been made to draw nice distinctions between the 
different gradations of sound in the " obscure" vowels. These occur in 
unstressed syllables, and are produced by allowing the vocal chords to 
vibrate while the other organs of speech are passing from one consonant- 
position to another. Hence the character of the sound is affected by the 
position which the organs are quitting, and by that which they are as- 
suming ; while in a stressed syllable the vowel-sound is uttered with pre- 
cision. The difference may be perceived by comparing the a in tackle 
with that in spectacle ; in stage and postage ; in last and ballast ; the o in 
nor and tenor, etc. To avoid confusion, a single symbol has been used 
for each of these obscure vowels. 

The vowel u has in English five distinct sounds : the long u with the 
glide (yob), as in mule ; the long u without (or nearly without) the glide, as 
in rule ; the middle u with the glide, as in figure ; the middle u without 
the glide, as in pull ; and the short u in but. These are distinguished 
respectively by the symbols Q, ti, yu, ii, u. It has not been thought 
necessary to distinguish further the modified u of bur, as it is so near that 
of but. 

For the key-words such have been chosen as are pronounced alike (or 
nearly alike) by all speakers of English ; and especially such as most 
readily suggest the intended sound. Thus though the i in night is really 
a diphthong, and as such is correctly represented by ai in some dictiona- 
ries, as the use of this symbolism (for instance bait as the pronunciation 
of bite) would be likely to confuse the young, it has been thought better 
to use the i of ice, about which there can be no mistake. 

The compiler has once more the pleasure of acknowledging his indebt- 
edness to his friend, Mr. E. A. Lawrence^ of the University Publishing 
Co., who has supervised the whole revision with unremitting attention, 
and has been ever ready with helpful and valuable suggestions. 


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Historical Sketch of the English Language vil 

Dictionary of the English Language 1 

Affixes 327 

Pronouncing List op Geographical Names 383 

Pronouncing List of Scripture Names 343 

Pronouncing List op Greek and Latin Proper Names 349 

French and Italian Phrases 356 

Latin Phrases in Common Use 358 

Common Abbreviations used in Writing and Printing 362 

Vaxues op Foreign Coins ^ . . 864 


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a adjective. 

ad. or adv adverb. 

arch architecture. 

comp comparative. 

cor0 conjunction. 

esp , especially. 

fern feminine. 

int interjection. 

masc masculine. 

rrnis music. 

n noun. 

neut neuter. 

nom nominative. 

dtf objective. 

pers person. 

pi plural. 

po88 possessive. 

p.p past participle. 

prp preposition. 

pres present. 

pron pronoun. 

p.t past tense. 

sing singular. 

sup superlative. 

U. S , United States. 

V verb. 

v.i verb intransitive. 

v.t verb transitive. 


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The English language belongs to the Western or European division 
of the great Aryan or Indo-European family of languages. The Eastern 
division includes the Sanskrit, Pali, Persian, and several other Oriental 
tongues ; the Western may be illustrated by the following diagram : 



Greek Latin Keltic Slavonic Qermanic 

! ] 

Italian, French, Spanish, etc! Russian, Polish, etc. 

Gaelic, Erse, Kymric East Qermanic West Qermanic 

Gothic, Scandinavian 

Low German 


English, Dutch, Flemish, Frisian 

Mod. High German 

English therefore belongs to the Low German group of the West Ger- 
manic branch of the Aryan family of languages. 

The earliest tongues spoken in Britain (so far as we know) were Keltic 
dialects, remnants of which yet survive in the Welsh, the native Irish, 
and the Gaelic of the Scottish Highlands, the Hebrides, etc. But about 
the 5th century A.D., Britain was almost entirely conquered by invaders 
from several tribes of north-west Germany, chief among which were the 
Angles, Saxons, and Jutes : the Angles from the south, and the Jutes 
from the north, of Schleswig, and the Saxons from the country between 
the Rhine and the Elbe. The original British people held their own only 
in Cornwall and Wales. 


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Of the invaders, the Jutes, who seem to have been least numerous, 
occupied Kent and the Isle of Wight ; the Saxons the rest of the country 
south of the Thames, and also Middlesex and Essex ; and the Angles, 
who were the most numerous and powerful of all, all the rest of the con- 
quered country north of the Thames, as far as the Firth of Forth. These 
Angles long remained the dominant tribe ; from them the country took 
the name of England, ».e., Angle-land ; and the speech, even in the south, 
was called ** English," or speech of the Angles, as it has remained to 
this day. 

The Britons whom these Teutonic invaders conquered, were Christians, 
but the invaders themselves were heathen, and although they had oral 
traditions and songs, they can hardly be said (so far as we can see) to 
have had a literature. But about the year 597 they were converted to 
Christianity, and after this, churches and monasteries were built, and 
education began to be diffused. They had brought with them from the 
continent an ancient system of writing, in characters called " runes," of 
which specimens still remain ; but this runic alphabet was replaced by a 
modified form of the Roman letters, and a written literature began, its 
earliest beginning and greatest development occurring, as might have 
been expected, among the Angles. 

In the 8th and 9th centuries, bodies of fierce Northern invaders (called 
* * Danes " in the chronicles, but mostly from Norway) succeeded in con- 
quering all the Angle territory, in which they settled in considerable 
numbers. They were heathen, and they destroyed the churches and 
monasteries, which were then the only seats of learning, so that the 
original Anglian literature perished almost entirely. But toward the 
close of the 9th century, chiefly in consequence of the fortitude and 
genius of Alfred, King of the West Saxons, these Scandinavian invaders 
were conquered, and partly Christianized, and peace returned to the land. 

Alfred now bent his energies to the revival of learning throughout the 
kingdom. Schools were founded, churches rebuilt, books written and 
translated, and a new literature began, a considerable part of which has 
been preserved. This was written in the West-Saxon, not the Anglian, 
dialect ; and a number of writings originally Anglian have come down to 
us only in West-Saxon versions. So when the Old-English (or, as it is 
often called, " Anglo-Saxon ") speech is mentioned, it usually means the 
West-Saxon of Alfred's time or later. This, refined and enriched by the 


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labor? of learned and gifted men, became a beautiful and noble language, 
fit alike for prose and for poetry. 

This Old-English differed in two important respects from modern 
English. In the first place, it was a pure^ or homogeneous language, all 
its words (with the exception of a very few, borrowed from the Latin, 
Keltic, or Scandinavian) coming from a single stock, while modern Eng- 
lish is a composite language, more than half its vocabulary being drawn 
from Latin, French, or other sources. In the second place, the Old- 
English was a highly inflected speech, indicating the grammatical rela- 
tions of nouns, adjectives, and verbs by changes in the words themselves. 
It had also grammatical (as distinguished from natural) gender, mOna, the 
moon, being masculine ; sunne, the sun, feminine ; and wif, a woman, 
neuter. In these respects modern German is very nearly in the condition 
of the Old-English of Alfred's time, while modern English has cast off 
grammatical gender, and the greater part of its inflections. 

As a specimen of Old-English, here is a sentence written by King 
Alfred himself : 

** ThaBt gafol bith on deora fellum, and on fugela fetherum, and 
hwaeles bane, and on thaBm scip-rapum the beoth of hwaeles hyde geworht. " 

"The tribute is [paid] in deer's fells, and in fowls' feathers, and 
whale's bone, and in the ship-ropes that are of whale's hide wrought." 

Here the inflections may be noticed : the dative plurals in -urn and 
dative singulars in -e ; genitive plurals in -a ; and the genitive singular in 
-ei, which survives in modern -*8. And every word in the sentence, except 
gafol (tribute), survives in modern English, though somewhat changed. 
Thus bith and beoth are *'be-eth" ; geworht is **ge-wrought" with the 
participial preflx which has been lost. 

A great change c^me over the English language after the conquest of 
England by William, Duke of Normandy, in 1066. The great nobles 
were now Normans, and their soldiers and retainers were settled through- 
out the country, while the English were oppressed and despised. **A11 
the high men were Normans, and the English were low men," as an old 
chronicle puts it. The churches were put into the hands of Norman 
ecclesiastics, the laws were in French, and French was taught in all the 
schools. Englishmen of education took to writing French or Latin ; and 
there being no standard English, the spoken language splits up into a 

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X BmHF SlSTOmCAl sketch OIP the ENi^LlSH LAKGtJAGE. 

variety of dialects. What English books were written were in the local 
dialects of their authors, and these dialects changed rapidly. 

This was the period of Middle English, a period of transformation and 
disintegration, characterized by diversity of dialects, by loss and confu- 
sion of inflections, and by a tendency to level distinctions and to simplify 
the language. The principal dialects were the Northern (spoken north 
of the Humber and in the Lowlands of Scotland), the Midland (between 
the Humber and the Thames), and the Southern (south of the Thames). 
Of these the Southern had undergone the least change ; the Northern had 
advanced farthest in a modern direction, and the Midland held an inter- 
mediate position ; so that, as an old writer tells us, while a Northeriwr and 
a Southerner could hardly understand each other's speech, a Midlander 
could understand them both. 

Here is a specimen of the English of the 12th century ; the dialect is 
Midland : 

** Hi hadden him raanred maked and athes suoren, ac hi nan treuthes 
ne heolden. AUe hi waeron forsworen and here treothes forloren." 

**They had to him homage made and oaths sworn, but they none 
truths (not) held. All they were forsworn and their troths lost " [forfeited]. 

Here again is English of the 13th century : 

{Southern,) ** Beoth in ure londe selcuthe tithende : umbe flftene yer 
that folc is isomned, and heore loten werpeth. Uppen than the nit 
falleth, he seal uaren of londe." [About 1205.] 

" There be in our land strange customs : every fifteen years the people 
is assembled, and their lots cast. Upon whom that it falleth, he shall 
fare [out] of the land." 

(Midland,) *'Eft on morwen, quan it was dai, or or the brethere 
ferden awei, here seckes woren alle nit with coren." 

" After, on the morrow, when it was day, or e'er the brethren fared 
away, their sacks were all filled with corn." 

Down to 1300 the English and French languages had kept almost 
entirely apart ; but after this time great numbers of French words were 
adopted into English, not, however, displacing the native English words, 
so that the language became equipped with a double vocabulary. Hence 
the multitude of duplicates or synonyms in modern English, such as 
blosiom, flower ; fair, beautifol ; ship, vessel ; tale, story ; wish, desire ; proud, 
haughty, etc. But during all this period English was steadily gaining 
the upper hand over French ; and about the middle of the 14th century 

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we find it used in the courts of law, taught in schools, and firmly rein- 
stated as the national language. 

Of the three principal dialects, the Southern, or Saxon, soon ceased 
to be a literary language, and gradually became degraded to a provincial 
patois, remains of which still linger in the speech of the southern counties 
of England. 

The Northumbrian, or purest Angle-speech, was more fortunate : it 
was the language of the Lowlands of Scotland, and in Scotland a rich 
and highly polished literature in both poetry and prose was produced 
down to the end of the 16th century. But after James VI. of Scotland 
had become King of England, and the court had removed to London, 
Scottish men of letters began to write in London English, and their own 
Scottish tongue was neglected ; remaining, however, to this day as the 
speech of the peasantry. Thus the Scotch of Burns is .really a rustic 
form of modern Northumbrian. 

But the East Midland, which was the speech of London, established 
itself as the literary language in the 14th century, and in about a hun- 
dred years became the standard language of all England south of the 
Trent. From the East Midland, modern English is directly descended. 

Here are specimens of the dialects in the 14th century : 

(Southern.) *' Thar buth few wolues, therfore scheep buth the more 
sykerlych, withoute kepyng, yleft in the foold." 

"There be few wolves, therefore sheep be the more securely, without 
keeping, left in the fold." 

{Kentish.) "Vorzothe in heuene we onderstandeth that thou were, 
and zoth thing ther thou yseye, and zoth thou hast yzed." 

" Forsooth in heaven we understand that thou wert, and true things 
there thou sawest, and truth thou hast said." 

(Midland,) " There ne was ratoun in alle the route, for alle the rewme 
of Fraunce, that dorst haue ybounden the belle aboute the cattis nekke." 

"There was no rat in all the company, for all the realm of France, 
that durst have bound the bell about the cat's neck." 

(Northumbrian.) '*Stedfast stod the marbil stan ; on fer the gilden 
lettris schan ; thai said sum time that men suld se God him-seluen reyne 
in that contre." 

"Steadfast stood the marble stone; afar the golden letters shone; 
they said that sometime men should see God himself reign in that 

That which must have seemed to an Englishman of the 12th century 
to be a ruinous catastrophe to his native language — the Normai\ conquest 

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xli BKtt:i* filStOMCAt SKfiTCtt OF T&E JlNGLlSfi LAKOtJAGE. 

— turned out in the end to be the greatest good fortune. It simplified, 
strengthened, and enriched the speech, made it more direct, terse, flexi- 
ble, and exact, and in the course of time, as has been said, endowed it 
with a double vocabulary, an advantage which no other European lan- 
guage possesses to the same extent. 

No other sudden catastrophe like that of the Norman conquest after- 
wards befell England, and the changes the language has sipce undergone 
have been due to internal development and to gradual foreign influences. 

The 14th century produced beautiful poetry, especially that of Chaucer, 
but the prose writings of the time were stiff and awkward. In the 15th 
and early 16th centuries beautiful prose was written in language so simple 
and charming that it has been imitated by recent writers. 

In the 16th century the revival of the study of Latin and Greek 
authors added to the vocabulary a great number of words adopted from 
those languages, and the number has gone on increasing to the present 
day. Latin and Greek being the languages of science, scientific terms 
have been taken from them as needed ; and as science became popular, 
many of these found their way into the stock of familiar speech, as distil, 
xnagnetiBm, analyse, electrify. 

In the latter part of the 16th and earlier part ©f the 17th centuries the 
language became more luxuriant and ornate than it had ever been. Sim- 
iles and other rhetorical embellishments were lavishly used ; great liberty 
was taken in the coinage and combination of words, and the style became 
complex and rich, often to obscurity. It was the language of poetry ; 
and the poetry of this period far excelled the prose. 

After the middle of the 17th century a reaction set in. The style 
grew clearer, and more logical, the language itself simpler and more 
natural. The earlier part of the 18th century was a period of fine, clear, 
manly prose, such as we find in Defoe, Addison, and Swift. Toward the 
close of the century there was some tendency toward a more artificial and 
Latinized diction. 

The present century has exhibited an inclination toward more simple 
and natural construction and shorter sentences ; and the language of books 
has become more familiar and more like that of every-day speech. 


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A, a, ft, the first letter of the alphabet ; the 
indefinite article, need before consonant- 

ibiek, ft-bak', adv. backwards ; by surprise. 

'"^ ab'^kas. n. a 

frame for arimmet- 

ical computations ; 

block above the 

capital of a column, 
ikft ft-bftft% adv. 

and prp. behind; 

towaras the stem. 
ibuiMi, ft-ban'd^n, 

t?.^ to forsake ; to 

•kft]id«]i«d, A-ban'- 


d9nd, a. forsaken ; very wicked. 

■hndwininit, ft-bau'dpn-ment, n. desertion ; 
renunciation ; state of being given up. 

tbiM, ft-bfts', v.t. to cast down ; bring low. 

akMnunt, ft-bfts^ment. n. state of being 
brought low; degradation. [found.l 

ikik, ft-bash% v.t. to make ashamed ; con-| 

•baftt, §-bftt', v.t. and v.i. to lessen ; to dimin- 
ish ; to decrease ; to subside. 

iWieae i i t, A-bftt'ment, n. a decrease; a lessen- 
ing; a deduction, [enemy. I 

tktik, ab>-tis« n. felled timber to impede an| 

■*•**•*'. ft-bft-twfir', w. a slaughter-house. 

ikK ab'bft, n. father (in Chjddee). 

ikkMy ab'^ si, n. office, dignity, or righte of 
an abbot. [nuns. I 

•Men, ab'es, n. female head of a convent of | 

•iWy, aVI, n. monastery ruled by an abbot ; 
church of such monastery. 

iNf^ab'pt, n. the head of an abbey. 

■ Mwiia te, ab-br6'vi-ftt, v.t. to shorten. 

■llfiiiititii, ab-brC-vi-ft'shun, n. shortening ; 

bte. ab'di-kat, v.t. and v.i. to give up ; 

abandon ; resign, as a throne, 
ibdiofttion, ab-di-kft'shun, n. renunciation or 

surrender of office or rank. 
abdomen, ab-do'men, n. the belly. [belly.] 
abdominal, ab-dom'in-^l, a. pertaining to the| 
abdnet, ab-dukt'. v.i. to draw or carry away, 
abdnetion, ab-duk'shun, n. act of carrying 

abeam^ §-b6m' a. and adv. situated in a line 

at right angles to a vessel's side. 
abed, {p)ed', a. and adv. in bed. 
aberrant, ab-er'^nt, a. wandering ; deviating 

from. [deviation from.] 

aberration, ab-^r-ft'shun, n. a wandering;! 
abet, ft-bet', v.t. to urge on ; to incite ; en- 
courage ; aid. 
abettor, ft-bet'pr, n. one who abets, 
abeyance, g-bft'^ns, n. a state of suspense or 

inaction. [loathe. I 

abhor, ab-h6r', v.t. to hate extremely ; to| 
abhorrenee, ab-hor'ens, n. extreme hatred * 

loathing. [horror ; repugnant.! 

abhorrent, ab-hor'ent, a. hating; causing! 
abide, ft-bld^ v.t. and v.i. to endure ; stay ; 

wait for.— v.i. &nd p.p. abode, 
abiding, A-l)^<^iQgf a- continuing. 
ability, a-bil'i-ti, n. power ; talent. 
algeet, ab'iekt, a. downcast ; mean ; vile ; 

degraded. —rtrfy. algeetly. 
al^eebiest, ab'jekt-nes, n. lowness ; baseness, 
algnre, abjfir', v.t. to renounce on oath, or 

solemnly. [oath, or solemnly . | 

abjuration, ab-jur-ft'shun, n. renunciation on| 
ablative, ab']^ tiv, n. the sixth case of a Latin 

ablate, a-blftz', a. and adv. in a blaze, 
able, a'bl, a. strong ; skilful ; capable.— a(/v. 


^ ah-, add, ftrm, {usk, ftll, vis^e ; sfivfire, ebb, h6r, mftk^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, Oflf, 
ooze ; ttee, rftle, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, th^ ; get, jet ; kin, ^in ; chip, az(zh)ure. 


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, ab-ltl'8han, n. act of washing. 

abiMgttfce, ab'ne-gftU v.t. to deny ; renounce. 

abnefttion, ab-ne-gft'shun, n. renunciation. 

abnormal, ab-ndr'mijtl, a. irregular; not ac- 
cordant to rule. 

aboard, ft-bOrd', adv. or nrp. in a ship ; in ; on. 

abode, ft-bOd', n. a dwelling-place. [mil. I 

abolish, ft-bol'ish, v.t. to do away with ; an-| 

abolition, ab-p-lish'un, n. act of abolishing. 

abolitimiit, ab-p-lish'un-ist, n. one who seeks 
to abolish. [adv. abominably.! 

a-bom'i-n^i-bl, a. detestable.—] 
§-bom'in-ftt, v.t. to detest ; abhor. 

abomination, §-bom-in-S'8hun, n. abhorrence ; 
something detestable. [liestl 

aboriginal, ab-p-rij'in-^l, a. primitive; ear-| 

aboriginef, ab-^-rij'in-fiz, orinnal in- 
habitants, [failure.! 

abortion, a-bdr'shun, n. premature birth ;| 

abortive, ft-l6r'tiv, a. imperfect; unsuccess- 
ful.— orftJ. abortiTolT. [plenty.! 

abound, ft-bonnd', v.t. to be or to nave in| 

abont, ft- bout', prp. around ; near to ; con- 
cerning ; engaged in. — adv. circuitously : 
here and there ; nearly. [higher. 

above, ft-buv', prp. over; more than.— arftj.| 

abrade, ft-brSd', v.t. to scrape or rub off. 

abraeion, a-brS'zhun, n. act of scraping off ; 
state of being scraped off. 

abreaet, ft~bre8t% adv. side by side, [restrict.! 

•bri^ ft-l>rU'» v.t. to shorten ; contract ;| 

abridgment, ft-brij'ment, n. a contraction ; 
epitome. [to a foreign country. 

abroad, ft-brdd, adv. out of doors ; out ; in or| 

abrogate, ab'rp-gftt, v.t. to repeal ; annul. 

abrogation, ab'r^-gft'shun, n. act of repealing. 

abmvt, a-brupt', a. sudden ; broken off.— 
aav. abmptiy. [apart.! 

abruption, ab-rup'shun, n. a breaking off or| 

abmptnefs, ab-rupt'nes, n. suddenness ; blunt- 

, ab'ses, n. a deep mattery tumor. 

abieind, ab-sind', v.t. to cut off. 
■ ' lion, ab-sish'un, n. act of cutting off. 
", ab-skond^ v.i. to hide ; run away. 
, ab'sens, n. state of being absent. 
, ab'sent, a. not present ; inattentive.— 
adv. abiently. 
absent, ab-sent', v.r. to withdraw one's self. 
absentee, ab-sen-t€', n. one who is absent ; a 
non-resident. [adv. absolutely.! 

absolute, ab's9-ltlt, a. unlimited ; arbitrary.— | 
absoluteness, ab'ep-ltlt-nes, n. freedom from 
limit ; completeness. [mission of sin. I 

absolution, ab-s^-ltl'shun, n. acquittal ; re-| 
absolutism, ab'sp-ltlt-ism, n. state or prin- 
ciples of arbitrary government, 
absolve, ab-zolv', v.t. to pardon; remit a 

^c, air, add, ftrm, ftsk, ftU, vis^ige ; sgvere, ebb, hdr, mSk^r ; Ice, inn ; Od9r, ox, 6ft, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

absorb, ab-sOrb% v.t. to suck up; en^e 
wholly. [—a. apt for absorbing. I 

absorbent, ab-s6rb'entl n. that which absorlM.| 

absorption, ab-sOrp'snun, n. act of sack- 
ing up. 

abstuiL ab-stftn', v.i. to refrain ; forbear. 

abstemioas, ab-ste'mi-us, a. temperate in 
diet.— n. abstemiousness. — adv. abstemiously. 

absterge, ab-st^rj', v. t. to wipe away; cleanse. 

abstergent, ab-ster'jent, a. having a cleansing 
quality. [—a. abstersive.] 

abstersion, ab-ster'sbun, n. act of cleansing.] 

abstinenee, ab'sti-nens, n. act of refraining ; 
temperance. [temperate.] 

abstinent, ab'sti-nent, a. abstaining from;| 

abstract, abwstrakt', v.t. to draw or take from. 

abstract, ab'strakt, n. a summary.— a. sepa- 
rate : existing only in thought.— otft?. ab'- 
straetlT. [thought.] 

abstraeted, ab-strakt'cd, a. absorbed in] 

abstraetion, ab-strak'shun, n. act of taking 
away ; absence of mind, [being abstractJ 

abstraetness, ab'strakt-nes, n. condition of| 

abstruse, ab-strfi8% a. hard to be understood. 
— adv. abstrusely. [adv. absurdly. 

absurd, ab-surd', a. unreasonable ; foolish.—] 

absurdity, ab-surd'i-ti, n. unreasonableness ; 

abundanee, ft-bund'^ns, n. great plenty. 

abundant, ft-bund'^nt, a. very plentiful. 

abuse, ft-Dflz^ v.t. to misuse ; treat ill ; revile. 

abuse, ft-btls', n. ill use ; reviling. 

abusive, a-btls'iv, a. marked by abuse.— orft?. 

abut, ft-but', v.i. to end 

abnunent, ft-but'ment, 
solid support of the end 
or side of a bridge or ' 

abysm, ft-bizm% n. an 

abyss, ft-bis^ n. a bottom- Abutment 
less depth. 

ft-kft'shft, n. a genus of thorny plants. 

ie, ak-^-dem'ik, a. j)ertaining to an 

academy. [of an academy.! 

academician, ak-ad-e-mish'^n, n. a member] 

academy, ft-kad'e-mi, n. a higher school ; a 
learned society. 

acanthus, ftkanth'us, n. a prickly plant ; aD 
ornament resembling an acanthus leaf. 

accede, ak-B6d\ v.i. to come to ; affree to. 

accelerate, ak-sel'^r-at, v.t. to quicken mo- 
tion ; hasten . 

acceleration, ak-sel-^r-ll'shun, n. act of quick* 
ening motion ; increased speed. 

acoelerative, ak-sel'^r-at-iv, a. that hasten* 



. . ak'sent, n. modulation or Btreee of 

voice ; mark denoting these. [accent.! 

MMit, ak-sent', v.t. to express or mark] 

aMantuL ak-sent'yn-^, a. relating to accent. 

Moastiialioii, ak-sent-yA-ft'shun. n. indication 
of accent. [to pay a bill. I 

•Mtpt, ak-8ent% v.t. to receive ; admit ; agreej 

Mt^teUa, ak-sept^bl, a. agreeable ; satis- 
factory.— orftj. MoeftaUy.— n. MMitahil'ity. 

■ewftinee, ak-sept'^ns, n. a favorable re- 
ception ; an accepted bill. 

uesftotion, ak-sep-tfi'shun, n. the usual 
meaning ; acceptance. 

.. \ ak-sesVrl* «• acceding 

to; contributing.— w. one who aids or 
abets an act or crime. 

ae, ak-ses'i-bl, a. approachable; at- 
tainable, [increase.! 
ak-sesh'nn, n. act of coming to;| 

ak'si-dens. n. the part of grammar 

tr^tliig of the inflections of words; a 
book of rudiments in grammar. 

, ak'si-dent, n. an unforeseen event ; 

chance ; mishap. 
asoiaBtal, ak-si-aent'^1, a. happening by 

chance ; not essential.— {u/t;. aoddintilly. 
Mdaim, ak-klftm% v.t. to applaud with a 

shout. [applause or approval . [ 

nirtliinatiirw ak-kl^mft^shun, n. a snout of| 
Melimato, ak-kll'm^t, Molimsttie, -ise, ak-kir- 

m^tlz, v.t. to inure to a climate. 

atdimation, ak-klim-S'shun, a«elim»tiMtion. 
ak-kll-m^ti-zft'shun, n. process or state of 
being acclimated. 

M^ritj, ak-kliv'i-ti, n. steepness reckoned 
upward: aslope. 

Mwrnnniifn, ak-kom'mp-dftt, v.t. to supply : 
adapt : do a service. [posed to oblige. 

mwimnMtliiff. ak-kom'mp-dfit-ing, a. dis-l 

imnimodititn. ak-kom'mp-dft'shun, n. fit- 
ness ; adjustment ; convenience. 

MNiBMUiimttt, ak-kum'p^ni-ment, n. that 
which accompanies; music accompany- 
ing the voice. 

MMnany, ak-kum'p^ni, v.t. to go or be 
witii: attend. (^crime.l 

■maifliw, ak-kom'plis, n. an associate in| 

■•wifliili, ak-kom'plish, v.t. to finish ; bring 
to pass. 

Mwwfliihei, ak-kom'plisht, a. finished ; 
complete ; complete in acauirements. 

■•Mii|llrtiinnl. ak-kom'plisn-ment, n. com- 
pletion ; elegant acquirement. 

•Mci, ak-kdra% v.t. to grant ; v.i. to agree. 

mmtti, ak-kOrd% Meordaaee, ak-kdrd'-ans, n. 
agreement ; harmony. 

•MMBt, ak-kOrd'ant, a. agreeable; con- 
formable.— oefv. atesrdaatly. 

aeeordiiig, ak-kdrd'ing, a. agreeing with: 
conformable. [guently ; conformably.! 
r^li '•' - -^ ' 

MoordiBffly. ak-kdrcPing-li, 
atevrdion, ak-kdrd'i-^n, 
n. a small keyed in- 
strument witn bel- 
lows and metallic 
aooMt, ak-kdst', v.t. to 
' first to; ad- 

adv. conse- 

aeorant, ak-kount', v.t. 

to reckon ; estimate ; Accordion. 

assign the causes. 
aoMiu^ ak-kount', n. statement ; reckoning ; 

behwf . 
MMiutaUlitT, ak-konnt-a.biri-ti, n. liability 

to account ; responsibility. 
aoMnmtaUA, ak-kount^^-bl, a. subject to 

account ; responsible. 
aoMnmtant, ak-konnt>nt, n. one who keeps 

or makes accounts. 
Meontre, ak-kdb't^r, v.t. to furnish with dress 

or equipments. [ments. 

aoMutnmenti, ak-kdb't^r-ments, eqnip-| 
aeerodit, ak-kred'it, v.t. to give credit to : 

furnish with credentials. [increase.] 

aoontion, ak-kr6'shun, n. act of growing to ;| 
ifisrftive. ak-krS^tiv, a. increasing by growth. 
, ak-krfi. v.i. to grow to ; i^ added to. 
ak-kum'bent, a. lying down ; re- 
ling. [gether ; amass.— t^.i. to increase. 
lalMe, ak-kfi'myu-lftt, v.t. to heap to- 
iolatitB, ak-ktl-myu-lft'shun, n. act ol 

heaping ; a heap. [mulates, 

Menmnlatiye, ak-kfi'm^-l^t-iv, a. that accu- 
iowmttlttor, ak-kfi'myu-lft'tpr, n. device for 

accumulating power or electricity. 
MOunMy, ak'y6-r^-si, p. exactness ; correct- 
ness. [aoenraUly.l 
Mennte, ak'yu-r^t, a. exact ; correct.— adu.] 
aeenned, ak-kurs'^, aeeiint, ak-kurst', a. or 

p.p. laid under a curse ; extremely wicked. 
tMUMtimi, ak-kyu-z&'shun, n. act of accus- 
ing ; charge, 
aoennlive, ak-kfiz^tiv, n. case of the direct 

object m grammar. [cusation.l 

Monsatory, ak-kfiz'^-tpr-i, a. containing ac-| 
ak-kfiz', v.t. to bring a charge against. 


', ak-kflz'?r, «. one who accuses, 
nn, ak-kus'tnm, v.t. to make famUiar 
by use. 
iMustomtd, ak-kus'tumd, a. habitual ; usual. 
i«e, Ss, n. the one of cards and dice. 
Morlnty, A-sdrb'i-ti, n. sharpness ; harshness ; 

aMMtnee, ^ses'ens, n. tendency to sourness. 
\ {iHses'ent, a. turning sour, 
as'e-tftt, n. a salt of acetic acid. 

<Awe ; Ose, rftle, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, thQ ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure, 

d by Google 

Digitized b 



Metio, ft-86'tik, a. of vinegar ; aaur. (t ;rnr.| 

Mfltiiy, a-set'i-fl, v.t. &ndv.i. to tuns \nUt viu-| 

Metylene, A-set'i-len, n. a gaseous jiirnjNhuiicl 
of carbon and hydrogen, used Tf-r IilHh ing. 

Mhe, 3k, n. a continued pain.— rj. r.» ^ntler 
pain. ;;in]nintj.| 

Mnieve, ^cMv'v.t. to perform ; i fJinpiire ;| 

Mhievement, a-chSv'ment, n. a pc rti»i iiuirM «> 
an exploit. ! "Ijr. 

Mhromatie, ak-rp-mat'ik, a. ^Ik/huli^ no. 

Mid, as'id, a. sour.— n. a sour substance ; 
tliat wliicli unites with a base to form a 
salt. [become acid. I 

Midify, as-id'i-fl, v.t. and v.i. to make or 

Midity, as-id'i-ti, n. sourness, [what acid. 

Midnlkte, as-id'yu-lSt, v.t. to make some-| 

Midnlons, as-id'yu-lus, a. slightly soar. 

Mknowledge, ak-nol'ej, v.t. to admit ; con- 
fess • recognize. 

Mknowledgment^ ak-nol'ej -ment, n. admis- 
sion * recognition * thanks ; a receipt. 

Mme,aK'mi, n. the highest point, or summit. 

Molyte, ak'o-llt, n. an attendant ; attendant 
to a priest. [ous plant ; wolf's-bane. I 

Monite, ak'o-nit, n. a medicinal and poison- 1 

Mora. ft'kOrn, n. the seed of the oak. 

Menstie, a-kous'tik, -kdbs-, a. relating to 
hearing or sound. [of sound. I 

Mooftiei, a-kous'tiks, -kdbs-, ii. the science | 

Mquaint, ak-kw&nt', v.t. to make known - 
make familiar. [a person known. 

M^naintanee, ak-kwftnt'^ns, n. knowledge;) 

MiniAsee, ak-kwi-es', v.i. to submit ; comply- 
assent. [submitting.— n. M^nieMenee. 

M^oieseent, ak-kwi-es'ent, a. compliant;! 

M^nire, ak-kwir'. v.t. to gain ; to obtain. 

Monirement, ak-kwTr'ment, Mooisition, ak- 
kwi-zish'un, n. what is or has been ac- 
quired ; gain. [pro{)en8ity to acquire.! 

MqniiitiyenMt, ak-kwiz'it-iv-ncs, n. desire or| 

Manit, ak-kwit', v.t. to declare innocent ; 
discharge.— v.r. to perform a task. 

Miuittol, ak-kwit'^1, fi. discharge from an 
accusation. [a debl.j 

Mqnittanee, ak-kwit'^ns, n. discharge from 

Mre, ft'k^r, n. a field ; a measure of land oi 
4,840 square yards. 

Mridj ak'rid, a. harsh or biting to the taste. 

Mridity. ak-rid'i-ti, n. harsh, biting quality. 

Mrimonloas, ak-ri-mO'ni-us, a. bitter ; severe. 

Mrimony, ak'ri-mp-ni, n. bitterness of feel- 
ing or speech. [bier.— a. Mrohat'io.l 

aeromt. ak'rp-bat, n. a rope dancer ; a tum-| 

Mropolia, ft-krop'p-lis, n. a citadel ; the Aerop- 
olia, the citadel of Athens, [to the other. I 

Mrosi, a-krOs', prp. or adv. from one side| 

Mrostie, §-krOs'tik, n. a poem in which the 
first letters of the lines spell a word or 

aet, akt, v.t. and v.i. to perform ; to behave 
one's self ; to play a part. 

aet, akt, n. a deed ; a law ; a division of a 

aetang, aktMn^, n. playing a part. 

aetinlam, ak'tm-ism, n. the cnemic power of 
the sun's rays.— a. aetin'ie. 

aetion, ak'shun, n. a deed ; operation ; ges- 
ture ; a battle ; a lawsuit. I^for a lawsuit. I 

aetionaUa, ak'shun-9-bl,a. furnishing ground] 

aetive. ak'tiv, a. busy ; nimble ; a^le. 

aetivity, ak-tiv'i-ti, n. quality of being active; 
agility ; operation. 

actor, ak'tpr, n. one who acts; a stage-player. 

aetresi, ak'tres, n. a female stage-player. 

aetoal, ak'tyu-^1, a. real ; existing.— ac?«. 

aetoality, ak-tyu-ari-ti, n. reality. 

aetnary, ak'tyu-^-ri, n. a registrar or account- 
ant, [action. I 

aetaate, ak'tjm-ftt, v.t. to move or incite to| 

aenmen, §-kti'men, n. keenness of perception. 

aenminated, a-ktl'min-at-ed, a. pointed. 

aente, %-ktit\ a. sharp ; keen ; shrewd ; high- 
ly sensitive ; less than a right angle. — adv. 
aentely. [ness.l 

Muteness, ^ktit'nes, n. sharpness ; shrewd-| 

adage, ad'aj, n. an old saying ; a proverb. 

adagio, ad-&'j6-0, n. a slow movement in 

adamant ad'^mant, n. the diamond. 

adamantine, ad-^mant'in, a. made of ada> 
mant ; hard as adamant. 

adapt, a-dapt% v.t. to fit ; to qualify. 

adaptable, a-dapt'^-bl, a. that may be fitted.— 
n. adaptaWny. 

adaptation, ft-dap-tft'ehun, n. act of fitting : 
fitness. [silm up. 

add, ad, v.t. to put together ; to increase ; to| 

addendnm, ad-den'dum, n. something to be 
added.— 7?^. addenda. 

adder, ad'^r, n. a poisonous kind of serpent. 

addiei adAlikt'^ v.t. to give up to habitually. 

addiction, ad-dik'shun, n. state of bein^ 
habituated. [thing added ; sum J 

addition, ad-dish'un, n. act of adding ; some-l 

additional, ad-dish'un-^, a. that is added.— 
adv. additionally. [trate ; confuse. I 

addle, ad'l, v.t. to make putrid ; to frus-l 

addled, ad 'Id, a. putrid ; barren ; frustrated; 

address, ad-dres', v.t. to speak or apply to ; 
to direct ; to court.— t>.r. to prepare for • 
to set about, [ners ; dexterity ; direction. 

address, ad-dres'. n. petition ; speech ; man-| 

addresses, ad-dres'es, courtship. 

adduce, ad-dtis', v.t. to bring forward; to 

addneible, ad'dtis'i-bl, a. that may be adduced. 

ftce, air, add, ftnn, ^k, ftU, visage ; sgv6re, ebb, her, mlUc^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, Off, 

d by Google 

Digitized b 



s^Vt, ^dept% n. one skilled in any art or 

science. [tency.l 

adeqpaey, ad'S-kw^i, n. sufficiency ; compe-| 
ftdaquu, ad'6-kw^t, a. sufficient; equal.— 

adv. adequately. [fixed. I 

adliere, ad-n6^^ v.i. to stick fast ; to remaini 
•dherenee, ad-h6r'ens, n. quality or state or 

adhering. [follower; a partisan.! 

adherent, ad-h6r'ent, a. sticking to.— n. a| 
adliesion, ad-b€'zhun, n. act or state of ad- 
adhedve, ad-hS'siv, a. sticking; tenacious. 

—adv. adhesively.— n. adhesiyenett. 
adieu, a-dtl' adv. farewell.- n. a farewell, 
adipooere, aa'i-po-s€r, n. wax-like substance 

resulting from the decomposition of buried 

adivose, ad'i-pOs, a. fattv. 
adit, ad'it, n. horizontal entrance to a mine, 
a^jaeeney, ad-jft'sen-si, n. state of lying or 

being near, 
adjaeent, ad-jft'sent, a. near ; close to. 
adjeetive, ad'jekt-iv, n. word which qualifies 

a noun. — ofi^t;. a^jeetively. [to. I 

adjoiB, ad-ioin', v.t. to jom ; v.i. to be next| 
aqovriL, ad-jum', v.t. and v.i. to postpone ; 

end a meeting. 
menmment, aa-jum'ment, n. act of ad- 

journing; intermission. 

loum , 

•nndi^e, ad-juj', v.t. to decide ; to sentence ; 
to award. 

adindieate, ad-ifi'di-kat, v.t. to settle b^ law. 

iqndieation, ad-jfi-di-kft'sbun, n. iudicial trial 
or decision. [which is joined.! 

ad'juugkt, a. joined to. — n. thatj 
—im, ad-jungk'shun, n. act of joining. 
ttive, ad-jungkt'iv, n. that which is 
■Joined. — a. tending to join.— adv. a4jiinet- 
ively. [or entreaty.! 

adhiratioii, ad-jfir-S^shnn, n. a solemn charge! 

aqvre, ad-jfir', v.t. to charge or entreat sol- 

a^ivst, ad-iust', v.t. to 
fit; to adapt; to set- 

adjuitment, ad-just'- 
ment, n. adaptation ; 
arrangement ; regu- 
lation ; settlement. 

a4J«ta]i«T, ad'ju-t^n-si, 
n. office of an adju- 

a^ljntaat ad'ju-tant, n. 
an oflJcer who assists 
the commanding of- 

adjutant, ad'ju-tant, n. , 
an East Indian blrd^^.-f^i -^ - 
of the stork kind. Adjutant. 

admeatnrement, ad-mezh'ur-ment^ n. act of 
measuring ; dimensions. 

administer, ad-miu'ls-ter, v.i. to supply ; to 
conduct : to settle an intestate estate; 

administration, ad-min-is-trft'shun, n. act of 
administering ; executive branch of gov- 

administrator, ad-min-is-trft'tpr, n. he who 
settles an intestate eBt&te.—fem. adminis- 
tratrix, [offlceof anaaministrator.l 

administratorshi|p, ad-min-is-trft'tpr-ship, n.\ 

admirable, ad'mir-^-bl, a. worthy of admira- 
tion.— arftJ. admirably. [fieet.l 

admiral, ad'mir-^1, u. the commander of a| 

admiralty, ad'mi-r^l-ti, n. a court for adjudi- 
cating naval controversies. 

admirawm, ad-mi-rS'shun, n. pleased wonder: 
astonishment. [or pleasure.! 

admire, ad-mir', v.t. to regard with wonderj 

admirer, ad-mlr'^r, n. one who admires; a 
iover. [mitted.— Ai. admissibil'ity. I 

admissible, ad-mis'i-bl, a. that may be ad-| 

admission, ad-mish'un, n. act of admitting ; 
something admitted : leave to enter. 

admit, ad-mit', v.t. to allow : to concede ; to 
let in. [mission of entering. I 

admittanee, ad-mit^^ns, n. act, power, or per-| 

admixture, ad-mikst'ytr, n. something mixed. 

admonish, ad-mon^ian, v.t. to warn ; to re- 
prove ; to advise. 

admonition, ad-mp-nish'un, n. warning ; re- 
proof ; advice.— a. admonitory. 

ado. ft-do^'i n- bustle ; fuss ; trouble. 

adoM, ft-do'ba, n. a sun-dried brick. 

adolescenoe, ad-0-les'ens, n. period of youth 
approaching maturity. [hood . I 

adoleseent, ad-0-les'ent, a. approaching man-| 

adopt, a-dopt', v.t. to choose ; take for one's 
own ; ta&e as one's child. 

adoption, a-dop'shun, n. act of adopting. 

adoptive, a-dopt'iv, a. that adopts or is 

adorable, ft-dOr'^-bl, a. worthy of adoration. 

adoration, ad-o-rft'shun, n. act of adoring : 
divine worship ; homage. [tensely. I 

adore, ft-dOr', v.t. to worship; to love in-] 

adorer, a-dOr'^r, n. one who adores ; a lover. 

adorn, a-d6m' v.t. to deck ; to ornament. 

adornment, a-ddm'ment, n. ornament ; em- 

adrift, a-drift', adv. floating at random. 

adroit, adroit', a. dexterous; expert.— arfu. 
adroitly.— 72. adroitness. 

adulation, ad-yu-l3'shun, n. excessive flat- 
tery.— a. ad'nlatory. 

adult, a-dult', a. grown up.— n. a person 
grown up. 

adulterate, a-dul't^r-ftt, v.i. to impair or de- 
base by mixture.— a. debased. 

dbze ; tlse, rfile, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, the ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zb)ure. 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 




adoHention, ft-dal-t^r-ft'shan, n. the act of 
adulterating ; state of being adulterated. 

adnlterer, ft-dul't^r-er. n. a man guilty of 
adultery. -^'em. adulteress. 

adulterous, ^ul't^r-us, a. guilty of or per- 
taining to adultery. [riage bed. I 

adultery, a-dul't^r-i, n. violation of the mar-| 

adnmbme, ad-um'brat, v.t. to shadow out 
faintly. [or faint resemblance. I 

adnmbration, ad-um-brfl'shun, n. a shadow | 

adust, ad-ust', a. burnt up ; parched. 

advance, ad-vftns', 'c.t. to put forward ; to 
increase ; to offer ; to pay beforehand. 
— v.i. to move forward ; to rise in rank or 

advaaee, ad-v^ns', n. forward motion or con- 
dition ; improvement ; pajrment before- 
hand ; rise m rank or price. 

adyaneed, ad-vftnst', a. or p.p. moved forward; 
in front ; increased. 

adyaneement, ad-vftns'ment, n. act of moving 
forward ; promotion ; improvement. 

advantage, ad-vftnt'^j, n. favorable circum- 
stances ; superiority ; benefit. 

adyantageons, ad-van-tft'jus, a. that which 
gives advantage ; beneficial.— ««??;. adyan- 

advent, ad'vent, n. a coming. Advent, the 
coming of Christ ; the four weeks before 

adventitions, ad-ven-tish'us, a. accidental : 
added. [to risk. 

adventure, ad-vent'yur, v.i. to take a chance;] 

adventure, ad-vent'yur, n. an enterprise ; a 
risk ; a notable occurrence. 

adventorer, ad-vent'yur-^r, n. one who seeks 
adventures ; a speculator. 

adventurous, ad-vent'yur-us, a. disposed to 
adventures ; bold ; hazardous. 

adverb, ad'verb, n. one of the parts of 
speech ; a word which qualifies a verb, ad- 
jective, or other adverb. 

adverbial, ad-verb'i-^1, a. pertaining to, or 
like an adverb.— arf??. adverbially. 

adversary, ad'v^r-s^ri, n. an opponent ; an 
enemy. [position.! 

adversative, ad-vers'a-tiv, a. expressing op-| 

adverse, ad- vers', a. opposed to; unfavorable: 
unfortunate.— arf». adversely. [une. 

adversity, ad-vers'i-ti, n. affliction ; misfort-j 

advert, ad-vert', ^.i. to turn the mind to ; to 

advertence, ad-vfert'ens, n. attention ; heed. 

advertise, -ise, ad'v^r-tlz, v.t. to inform ; to 
give public notice. [notice.! 

advertisement, ad-v^r'tiz-ment, n. a public! 

advertiser, ad-v^r-tlz'^r, n. one who adver- 

advice, ad-vIs', n. counsel ; tidings. 


advisable, ad-vlz'a-bl, a. proper to be done.— 

n. advisabil'ity. 
advise, ad-viz', v.t. to counsel ; to inform, 
advisedly, ad-vlz'ed-li, adv. with deliberation 

or advice, 
adviser, ad-vlz'^r, n. one who advisee, 
advisory, ad-vlz'9-ri, a. containing advice • 

empowered to advise. [or maintaining.] 
advocacy, ad'v9-k^8i, n. act of pleading for| 
advocate, ad'vp-k^t, n. one who pleads for an- 
other ; a lawyer ; a maintainer. 
advocate, ad'vp-kat, v.t. to plead 

for ; to support, 
advovson, aa-vou'z9n, n. right of 

presenting a priest to a oene- 

adse, adz, n. a tool for chipping. 
Jlolianharp, 6-0l'yanh&rp, n. an 

instrument containing strings 

which are set in vibration by 

the wind, 
aerate, ft'^r-at, v.t. to put air in- 
to ; to charge with air. 
aerial, fl-er'i-^,!, a. belonging to the air ; high, 
aene, a'e-ri. See eyne. [air or gas. 

aeriform, a'^r-i-form, a. having the form of | 
aerolite, a'9r-<?-lIt, n. a meteoric stone, 
aeronaut, a'^r-9-nat, n. one who sails in the 

air in a balloon.— a. aeronant'ic. 
acronantios, a-^r-p-nat'iks, n. the science or 

art of navigating the air. [in the air. I 

aerostat, a'^r-p-st^t, v. apparatus for floatingi 
aerostation, a-er-p-sta'shun, n. act or art of 

floating in the air ; ballooning, 
asthetic, es-thet'ik, 5s-, a. pertaining to 

taste; relating to aesthetics. |or sentiment. I 
Mthetics, es-thet'iks, n. the science of tastej 
afar, ft-fSr', adv. at a distance, 
afflible, af '^-bl, a. ready to converse ; civil in 

manners.— arf». aflWly.— «. aflkbil'it^. 
affur, af-far', n. a transaction ; business : 

matter. [act upon ; aim at ; pretend.! 

affect, af-fekt', v.t. to move the feelings ; to| 
affectation, af-fek-ta'shun, n. false show; 

pretence ; assumed manners, 
affected, af-fekt'ed, a. full of affectation.— 

adv. affectedly, 
affecting, af-fekt'ing, a. moving the feelings ; 

pathetic— ac?«?. ufectingly. 
affection, af-fek'shun, n. love ; fondness ; 

emotion ; disease, 
affeotionate^ af-fek'shun-^t, a. fond ; loving, 
affiance, af-fl'^ns, v.t. to pledge faith ; be- 
troth.— n. betrothal ; trust. [davit.! 
affiant, af-fl'^nt, n. one who makes an affi-| 
affidavit, af-fi-da'vit, n. a declaration on oath, 
affiliate, af-fil'i-at, v.t. to adopt ; receive into : 

bring into connection with. [elation, 

affiliatum, af-fil-i-a'shun, n. adoption ; asso-j 

ftee, §ir, add, ftnn, ask, ail, vis^e ; sgvCre, ebb, h6r, mSk^r ; Ice, Inn ; Odpr, ox, Oflt, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



•ffinity, af-fin'i-ti, n. relation by marriage ; 

chemical attraction, [tively. 

aflSnu, af-f6rm', v.t. and v.i. to declare poBi-| 
ftfflmution, af-ferm-ll'shun, n. act of affirm- 
ing ; solemn declaration, 
afflnutive, af-ferm'^tiv, a. that affirms.— n. 

that which contains an affirmation, 
aflix, af-fiks', v.t. to attach to. 
affix, af fiks, n. a sellable or letter joined to 

a word ; something attached. [trouble.! 
afflieis af-flikt', v.t. to give pain, disease, or| 
afflieted, af-ilikt'ed, a. troubled ; distressed : 

diseased. [disease. 

afflietion, af-flik'shun, n. distress or its cause;] 
afflietive, af-flikt'iv, a. causing affliction, 
affluenee, af 'flu-ens, n. abundance ; wealth. — 

a. 9MMni.—adv. affluently, [into another. 
afflaent, af'flu-ent, n. a stream that flows 
afflux^ af 'fluks, n. act of flowing to ; thai 

which flows to. [able to expend. 

afford, af-fOrd', v.t. to yield ; to supply ; to be 
aflbnsta^ioii, ai-for-es-tS'shun, n. act or art ol 

promoting the growth of forests ; allotting 

a tract of land to forest growth. 
alliraneldse. af-fran'chiz, v.t. to make free. 
aflh»r, af-frft', n. a violent brawl ; a tumult • 

a fight. [terror. 

aftigttt, af-frlt', v.t. to frighten.— w. sudden | 
affhmt, af-frunt', v.t. to meet face to face ; 

to insult -to offend.— w, insult ; offence. 
afltuiion, af-ftl'zhun, n. act of pouring upon. 
afisluui, af'gan, n. a soft knitted blanket. 
ailtld, ft-feid, adv. to the field. 
afire, a-flr', a. and adv. on fire ; burning. 
aflune, ^-flftm', a. flaming ; glowing, [state. I 
afltttt, ft-flOt', a. or adv. floating ; in a floating! 
afoei, ^fut', adv. on foot. 
aftre, ft-f Or', adv. before. 
afitreswd, a-fOr'sed, a. named before. 
afenthoiiiPAt, ^-fOr'th^t, a. premeditated. 
afiwetime, a-fOr'tlra, adv. formerly. 
afraid, ft-frad', a. frightened ; fearful. 
afresh, a-fresh^ adv. anew ; again. 
aft, aft, adv. behind ; astern, 
after, ftf 't^r, adv. or prp. later in time ; be- 
hind.— a. later ; hinder ; toward the stern. 
after-elap, af 't^r-klap, n. unexpected sequel • 

demand beyond a oargain. [after sunset. 
afterglow, af't^r-glo, n. a glow in the sky 
aftermith, a^'t^r-math, /t. second crop ol 

grass or herbage. [est the stern. 

aftennoit, a^'t^r-mpst, a. hindermost ; near- 
aftwBOon, a^'t^r-ndon, n. the time from noon 

to evening. [thought ; later device.] 

aft«rthoiicht, a^'t^r-th&t, n. a subsequent] 
afterwarC aftenrarda, a^'t^r-w^rd, -z, adv. 

later ; subsequently, 
aga, H'gf^ n. a Turkish officer, [in return.] 
again, ft-gen', adv. another time ; once more ; ] 

against, argenst', prp. opposite to ; close to ; 
in provision for. 

»g*P«» ft-gftP', «• oi^ (idv. with the month 
open ; in staring surprise. 

agape, ag'ft-P^, n. ancient love-feast. 

agarie, ag'a-rik, n. one of a genus of fungi ; 

agate, ag'^t, n. a translucent or clouded 
variety of quartz ; kind of type. 

age, aj, n. period of life • period of time ; 
generation ; decline of life ; legal ma- 
turity ; a century. 

aged, fij'ed, a. advanced in age ; old. 

agency, S'ien-si, w. action ; quality of acting ; 
office of an agent. 

agent, A'jent, n. a person or thing that acts ; 
one who acts for another. 

agglomerate, ag-glom'^r-ftt, v.t. and v.i. to 
gather into a ball or mass. 

agglomeration, ag-glom-er-a'shun, w. a gath- 
ering or heaping together ; a heap or mass. 

agglutinate, ag-glfi'tin-at, v.t. to stick to- 
gether, as by glue. 

agglutination, ag-glfi-tiiira'shun, n. a stick- 
ing together; state of being stuck to- 
gether.— a. agglntinatiTe. 

aggrandise, -ise. n. ag'gran-diz, v.t. to make 
great ; to enlarge ; to exalt. 

aggrandisement, ag'gran-dlz-ment, n. act of 
aggrandizing ; state of being aggrandized. 

aggravate, ag'gr^vat, v.t. to make heavier 
or worse. 

aggravation, ag-gra-va'shun, w. act of aggra- 
vating ; state or being worse. 

aggregate, ag'gr^-g^t, a. formed of parts col- 
lected.— n. a sum or total. 

aggregate, ag'grg-gat, v.t. to gather together, 
or into a mass. [mass. 

aggregately, ag'grg-gat-li, adv. taken in a] 

aggregation, ag-grg-ga'shun, n. act of aggre- 
gating ; an assemblage. 

aggress, ag-gres', v.i. to approach ; to attack. 
— w. an approach ; an attack. 

aggression, ag-gresh'un, n. attack ; injury. 

aggressive, ag-gres'iv, a. attacking ; hostile. 

aggressor, ag-gres'pr, n. one who attacks. 

aggrieve, ag-gr6v', v.t. to injure ; to pain ; to 
wrong. [amazed ; awe-struck. | 

aghast, a-gast', a. terrified ; horror-struck ;| 

agile, aj'il, a. nimble ; active ; quick. 


jlity, a'jil'i-ti^ n. nimbleness. 

agio, aj'i-0, /?. discount value of paper money 
below gold. 

agitate, aj'itat, v.t. to disturb ; to discuss. 

agitation, aj-it-S'shun, n. disturbance; dis- 

agitator, aj'i-tatpr, n. one who agitates. 

agnail, ag'nal, n. an infiammation at the side 
or base of the nail. 

dbze ; Use, rfile, poll, up ; oil, out ; thin, 

thB; get, jet; kin, sin; chip, az(zh)ure. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 




acnate, ag'nftt. a. akin by the father's side.— 

n. one so related, 
agnomen, ag-nO'men, n. an added name. 
ago, a-gO'> adv. in time past, [or cariosity. { 
agog, a-gog^ a. or adv. in a state of desire | 
agnootie, ag-nos'tik, n. one who maintains 

that nothing can be known concerning 

God and a future state.— a. agnootie.— ». 

•gon*» ^^^\ c^'O. ago ; past [paln.l 

agoniM, -lie, ag'9-nlz, v.i. to suffer excessive! 
agoniiing, -ia-, ag'9-nlz-ing, a. causing agony. 
agony, ag'^-ni, n, extreme pain of mind or 

agrarian, ft-grft'ri-^n, a. relating to lands ; 
favoring agrarianism.— «. one who favors 

•Cnrianism. ft-gi^'i'i-^n-izm, n. arbitrary re- 
distribution of land or property ; doctrine 
of such distribution. 

agree, ft-gr9% v.i. to be of .one mind ; to 
accord.— />./>. agreel 

agreeaUe, ft-greV^K «• suitable to ; in con- 
formity with * pleasing.-;?, agreeaklenest. 
—adv. agreeaUy. [harmony : a bargain . I 

agreement, §-gr6'ment, n. state of agreeing ; | 

agrienltnral, ag-ri-kult'yur-^1, a. relating to 

agrienltnre^ ag'ri-kult-ynr, n. the art of culti- 
vating tnc ground : farming. 

agrienltnrist, ag-ri-kult'vur-ist, n. a farmer. 

ACOQAd, {^ground', adv. on the ground * 
stranded. [lit. 

agne, ft'gtl, n. a fever with chills ; a chilly| 

agniih, ft'gtl-ish, a. chilly ; giving ague. 

l£. A, iid. an exclamation of 8uri)ri8e or 
other emotion. [or triumjjh.l 

aha, §-hS^ int. an exclamation of surprise! 

ahead, ft-hed', adv. farther on • in front : 
onward. [assistance. 

aid, ad, v.t. to assist ; to succor.— w. help ;| 

mp, ad'd^-kon^r, n. an officer who 

conveys the genorars orders.—/?/, aides-de- 

aigrette, a-gret',n. a tuft of feathers or jewels, 
ail ftl, v.t. to give pain or trouble. — v.i. to 

feel pain or trouble, 
ailantna, Man'tus, n. a tree of the quassia 

family. (Improperly ailanthns.) 
ailing, Sl'ing, a. diseased ; suffering. 
ailment, ftl 'men t, n. pain ; indisposition ; 

aim, flm, v.t. to direct a weapon.— t?.i. to 

point or level at • to endeavor after, 
aim. Sm, n. the pointing of a weapon ; the 

object aimed at ; purpose, 
aimloii, ftm'les, a. without purpose or object, 
air, ar, n. the atmosphere ; slight breeze ; 

personal bearing ; appearance; melody. 


air, ar, v.t. to expose to the air ; to expose ; 
to~dry by warm air ; to warm. 

air-g«n, ar'gun, n. a gun which discharges 
balls, etc., by means of compressed air. 

airing, ar-ing, n. exposure 
to the air ; warming ; 
excursion out of doors. 

air-line, ar'lln, n. a line or 
road without curves or 

air-pomp. ar'pump, n. a 
pump for exhausting air 
irom a vessel. 

ain, arz, conceited or pretentious 

air-tight, ar'tit, a. not admitting air. 

airy, ar'i, a. open to the air ; light ; gay. — 
adv. airilT.— n. airineoi. 

aiale, II, n. the wing or side part of a church ; 
passage in a church. 

■JM, ft-jftr', adv. partly open. 

iJdmDO, §-kim'bO, adv. with hand on hip and 
elbow bent outward. 

akin, a-kin', a. related by blood ; resembling. 

alabaster, al'ft-bas-t^r, n. a fine white variefy 
of gypsum. 

alaek, a-lak', int. an exclamation of sorrow. 

alaerity. ft-lak'ri-ti, n. cheerful readiness ; 

alarm, a-lftrm' n. a notice of danger ; sur- 
prise with fear ; machine to awaken a 

alarm, a-lftrm', v.t. to notify of danger ; ex- 
cite fear in. 

alarming, a-l&rm'ing, a. causing alarm; ter- 
rifying, [danger.! 

alarmist, a-iarm'ist, n. one who predicts | 

alas, a-las^ int. an exclamation of sorrow. 

alb, alb, n. a priest's vestment of white linen. 

albata, al-bat'a, n. a white alloy resembling 

albatross, al'ba- 
tros, n. a 
South Sea 

albeit, &l-b6'it, 
adv. al- 

albino, al-bl'nO, 
w. a morbidly 
white person 
or animal. 

album, al'bum.n. 
abfankbook. ^J^ioairoBB. 

albnmen, al-bd'men, n. white of egg ; a sim- 
ilar animal or vegetable substance, [men. I 

albuminous, al-bfl'mm-us, a. of or like albu-| 

alchemist, al'ki-mist, n. one who practises 

flee, §ir, add, ftrm, ask, ftll^ visage ; sfivSre, ebb, hSr, mftk^r ; Ice, inn ; Od^r, ox, Off, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



alehemy, arki-mi, n. the fancied art of 
changing base metals into gold. — a. al- 
ohein'M, -aL 

alcohol, aPkp-hol, n. a spirit distilled from 
fermented liquors.—a. aleohorie.— r./. al'- 
eoholise, -ise. 

alooholism, al'kp-hol-izm. n. morbid state 
produced by alcoholic drinks. 

aleoYO, arkOv, n. a recess in a chamber. 

alder, ftl'd^r, n. a tree usually growing in 
moist land. [p?. aldermen. I 

alderman, ai'd^r-m^n, n. a city magistrate.— | 

ale, al, n. a fermented liquor made from 

alee, ^-16', adv. on or to the lee side. 

alemlne, a-i^ii^'hik, n. a vessel once used by 
chemists in distilling. 

alert, ft-16rt', a. on the watch ; ready. 

alerinesi, ^lert'nes, n. readiness ; prompt- 
ness ; activity. 

alewife. ai'wif. n. a small fish.— ^. alewives. 

alexanorine, al-eks-and'rin. n. an iambic 
verse of twelve syllables with diaeresis in 
the middle. 

al^bn, al'jfi-bra, n. the science of quantity 
in general ; calculation by symbols. — a. 
alMoraie, -a'ic. [gebra. 

alfeoraift, al'je-brfl'ist, n. one skillea in al-| 

alias, a'li-as, adv. otherwise called.— n. an- 
other name. 

alibi, al'i-bi, -bl, n. plea of absence at the 
time an oflfence was committed. 

alion, fll'yen, a. foreign ; strange ; not akin. 
— n. a foreigner ; a stranger. 

alienaUe, al'yen-a-bl, a. that may be trans- 
ferred or parted with. 

alienate, ftl'yen-at, v.t. to transfer to another: 
to estrange.— w. alienation, [scend upon. 

alight, ft-llt', v.i. to get down from ; to de-| 

aUght, a-IIt', a. lighted ; bunting. 

align, a-lln', v.t. to arrange in a line. 

alignment, ^ITn^ment, n. the establishment 
of a line ; a line. [manner. I 

alike, a-llk', a. similar.— a^^tj. in the same| 
nt, al'i-ment, n. food ; sustenance. 

alimental and alimentary. [to a wife. 

alimony, al'i-mun-i, n. separate maintenance! 

aliquant, al'i-kwont, a. not measuring ex- 
actly, [exactly.! 

aliftnot, al'i-kwot, a. measuring or dividing! 

alive, §-llv', a. living ; active ; lively. 

alkali, al'k^li, n. a substance which neutral- 
ises acids.— 77/. alkalies. [of an alkali. I 

alkaline, aPk^-lin, a. having the properties! 

alkaloid, al'k^loid, n. substance of vegetable 
origin resembling an alkali. 

aU, fti, a. every one.— w. the whole. 

allay, al-la'. v.t. to quiet ; to assuage, [plea.j 

allegation, al-lfi-ga'shun, n.assertioh; charge;! 

allege, al-lej', v.t, to declare ; assert ; plead 
in excuse. 

allegianee, al-16'ji-^ns, n. duty or fidelity of a 
subject to his sovereign. 

allegory, al'le-gp-ri, n. a figurative speech or 
representation.— a. allegor'ie and allegor- 
ical.— aofi?. allegorieally.— ^. al'legoiiie, -ise. 

allegretto, al-le-gret'O, n. a movement in 
music less lively than allegro. [music. I 

all^ro, al-iag'rO, n. a lively movement in| 

allelnia, allel^ja, al-ielil'ya, n. praise to Je- 
hovah.— in/, an exclamation of praise. 

alleviate, al-lS'vi-at, v.t. to make light* 
ease: lessen. [ing; relief. 

alleviation, al-lfi-vi-a'shun, n. act of alleviat-| 

alleT, al'i, n. a narrow walk or passage. 

all-foars, ai'fOrz', n. four feet, or hands and 
feet ; a game of cards. 

alliance, al-lT^ns, n. union by treaty, mar- 
riage, or agreement, [metic.i 

alligation, al-li-ga'shun, n. a rule in arith-| 

t9r, w.ihe 

a' shun, 72. 
rec u r - 

rence of .„, , - 

the sanxe Alligator, 

letter ; the beginning of several contigu 
ous words with the same letter.— a. allit'- 

allocate, aPlO-kat, v.t. to set apart ; to allot ; 
to place. [ing.l 

allocation, al-lo-ka'shun, n. allotment * plac-| 

allocution, al-lo-kll'shun, n. act of address- 
ing ; a formal address. [dial.! 

allodiom, al-0'di-um, n. a freehold.— a. allo-| 

allot, al-lot', r.^. to assign ; distribute. 

allonnent, al-lot'ment, n. act of allotting; 
share allotted. 

allow, al-lou',v.<. to grant ; permit ; concede. 

allowahle, al-lou'a-bl, a. that may be allowed. 
—adv. allowably. 

allowance, al-lou'^ns, n. act of allowing; 
sanction ; abatement ; that which is 

alloy, al-loi', v.t. to mix metals, as copper 
and isinc to make brass.— n. a metallic 
compound ; the base metal of a compound. 

allspice, ai'spls, n. the berry of the pimento. 

allnae, al'ltld, v.i. to refer to indirectly; 
hint at. 

allnre, al-ltlr', v.t. to tempt by an offer or 
bait ; to entice. [enticement. I 

allnremcnt, al-ltir'ment, n. a temptation ; an| 

dbze ; tise, rfile, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, thQ ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

, Digitized by LjOOQIC 




alluring, al-ldrMng, a. tempting ; enticing.— 
adv. alluringly. [a. allnnve. I 

allusion, al-lU'zhun, n. indirect reference. — | 

alluvial, al-lQ'vi-al, a. deposited by water. 

allayiom, al-ld'vi-nm, n. eartli deposited by 
water.—/)/, allnvia. 

ally, al-ll', v.t. to unite by marriage, com- 
pact, or friendsliip. 

ally, al-ir, n. a confederate ; a friend. 

almanat, &l'm^nak, n. a calendar of days, 
weeks, months, etc. 

hty, ai-mlt'i, a. all-powerful. 
hty, &1-1 ■ ' 


almighty . 

Almighty, &l-mItM, n. 6od ; tlie Supreme 

alnuNid, ft'mnnd, n. the seed or fruit of the 

almontr, al'mun-^r, n. one who distributes 

alms for another. [part. I 

almost, &l'mOst, adv. nearly ; for the mostj 
alms, ftmz, n, sing, and pi. gift to 

the poor, 
alms-house, ftmz'hous, n. house 

where the poor are lodged and 

supported by charity, 
also, aro, n. a genus of thick- 

leiivi-id ijliHLlH.. [nf the al<i<'J 
(IdtiA, jjL'02, fi. Tht^ eiii^tiithiul ^]tii| 
ilofi {I lOrt', ittii'. un hl^h. 

<tUi'. Mngly ; by oiu^'s nelf, 

ii\\\\i\tt\.—}ttp. by ll^Klde of; 

aJo«f, w 1*^4 , iidi\ iiwAy fmm ; at aillatftneti. 
aloud., ?vNjiJ(i', oiir, Uindly. 
ilpua, jil |i!ik'{)i fl' the T^^mTlun 

Klat'i'j) : rlnth luiidiMtf \t^ wnuk. 
Alpha, ijiftt, n. the llri^t )f^rt*'r of 

th*- tirifk ni- 

tlihabtlt nt'fi^ 

ti \' t. , it , I h LI 
Jt'tti-ri* of a 

idphabetio, iil-fa. 

lutiiig to, or In 

the oi"der of an 

alphabet.— ac/?;. alphabetieally. 
alpino, al'pin, -pin, a. pertaining to the Alps 

or to high mountains ; very lofty. 
alrsady, ai-red'i, adv. now ; even then ; previ- 

also, &rsO, adv. likewise ; in like manner ; 

altar, ftl'tar, n. place for sacrifice ; com- 
munion table, 
alter, ftl't^r, v.t. to make otherwise; to 

change.— v.i. to become changed. 

alterable, ai't^r-^-bl, a. that may be changed 

or varied • varying. change. I 

alteration, m-t^r-S'shun, n. act of altering ;| 
alterative, &l't^r-^-tiv, a. that produces a 

change. — n. a medicine that improves the 

habit or constitution. [words. I 

altereake, Srt^r-kftt, al'-, v.i. to contend in| 
altereation, al-t^r-kft'shun ; al-, n. contention* 

dispute. {—adv. alternately.! 

alternate, al-tern'^t, a. every other ; by turns.] 
alternate, artern-Ilt, -tern'-, v.t. to cause to 

follow by turns.- r.i. to occur by turns. — 

pp. altematel 
alternative, al-tern'a-tiv, w. a choice between 

two things.— a. affording a choice. — adv. 

although, al-^/(0', con. allowing that; not- 
withstanding • however, 
altitade, al'ti-tfld, n. height; elevation.— a. 

altita^dinal. [and soprano, 

alto, aPtO, n. in mus. the part between tenorj 
alto-rilievo, al'tO-rfi-lg-a'vo, w. sculpture or 

carving projecting strongly from its 

ground. [without exception.! 

altogether, al-tn-ge/A'^r, adv. completely :| 
altruism, al'tru-izm, n. doctrine tnat one 

should strive for the welfare of others 

rather than his own. [tringent taste. 

alum, aFum, n. a mineral salt of an as-j 
alnmina, ft-ltl'min-ft, n. one of the earths : 

pure clay. [alumina. 

alnminons, ^-Itl'min-us, a. containing! 
alnminom, §-lfl'min-um, alomininm, ft-lya- 

min'i-um, n. a white, light metal, the base 

of alumina, 
alnmnos, a-lum'nus, n. a pupil ; pi. alnmnL — 

fern, alumna; pi. alumna, 
always, al'wftz, adv. forever; perpetually; 

every time, 
am, am, the first person sing. pros, indie, of 

the verb be. 
amain, ft-mfln', adv. with might or speed, 
amalgam, a-mal'g^m, n. a compound of mer- 
cury with another metal, 
amalgamate, ^mal'g^mflt, v.t. to make an 

amalgam of.— v.i. to unite, 
amalgamation, ti-mal-g^-ma'shun, n. act of 

amalgamating ; a mixture, 
amanuensis, g-man-yii-en'sis, n. one who 

writes to dictation ; a private secretary. 

—jri. amanuenses, -Sz. 
amaranth, am^si-ranth, ri. a genus of plants 

with dry, unfading flowers, 
amaranthine, am-^-ran'thin, a. pertaining to, 

resembling, or consisting of amaranths ; 

amass, ft-m^s', v.t. to collect ; heap up. 
amassment, a-m^s'ment, n. actor amassing ; 

heap ; accumulation. 

ace, air, add, firm, ask, ail, visage ; sgvere, ebb, her, mak^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, 6ff, 

Digitized by V3OOQ IC 




, (^mft-tar^ -ttlr', w. one who culti- 
vates a study or art for love, and not for 
gain. [love. I 

iaatiTeness, am'^tiv-nes. n. propensity to| 

amatory, am'^tp-ri, a. relating to, or caused 
by love, [ished wonder. I 

amaie, s-mftz', v.t. to astonish.—/?, aston-l 

amaiament, s-mftz'ment, n. astonishment ; 

amaiing, &-m&z'ing, a. astonishing. 

amaion, am'^-zpn, n. a warlike woman ; 

ambassador, am-bas^^d^r, r^. the representa- 
tive of one government sent to another ; a 

amW, am'b^r, n. a yellow fossil resin. 

ambs^^, am'b^r-grCs, n. a fragrant drug of 
animal origin. 

amUdaxter, am'bi-deks't^r, n. one who uses 
both hands with equal facility.— a. ambi- 

ambiant, am'bi-ent, a. encompassing. 

amUgnity, am-bi-gtl'i-ti, n. doubtfulness of 

amUgnons, am-big'yn-us, a. of doubtful 
meaning ; equivocal.— ot?^. ambignansly. 

ambitiaii, am-bish'un, n. eager desire for 
fame, power, or excellence. 

amlntdoaa, am-bish'us, a. full of ambition. 
—adv. ambitioiislr. 

amUe, am'bl, n. a Dorse's gait in which the 
legs on the same side move together.— u.i. 
to move with an amble. 

amUer, am'bl^r, n. a horse that ambles. 

ambrona, am-brO'zhft, n. the fabled food of 
the ^ods ; a fragrant plant. 

ambrosial, am-brO^zh^l, a. like ambrosia; 
fragrant ; delicious. 

amlraunoo, am'byu-l^ns, v. a movable mili- 
tary hospital : a vehicle for conveying the 
sick or wounded. 

amlwlatioii, am-bya-lft'shun, v. a walking 
about.— a. amlmlaat and am'bnlatory. 

ambuwadft. am'bus-kftd, n. a hiding in order 
to surprise. 

ambush, am'bosh, n. the act or place of lying 
in wait or hiding;,— ».<. to place in am- 
bush.— «7.i. to lie m ambush. 

amoer (amir, emir), ft-mCr', e-mSr', n. an Asi- 
atic prince or chief. 

amaUerate, ^-mSl'ypr-at, v.t. to make better. 
— v.i. to grow better. [raent.l 

amaUoratiMi, ft-mei-ypr-S'shun, n. improve-| 

amaa, ft-men' (in singing, ft-menO* adv. so 
be it. [able.— «rfi7. amenably. I 

amenable, ft-m6n'^bl, a. tractable ; account- 1 

amend, ^mend% v.t. to make better ; to cor- 
rect, [improvement.! 
nent, §-mend'ment, n. correction;! 

amends, ft-mendz', reparation ; satis- 

amenity, a-men'i-ti, n. pleasantness. 

ameroe, a-mers', v.t. to punish with a fine. 

amereement, a-m^rs'ment, n. a fine or assess- 

American, a-mer'i-kan, a. of or pertaining to 
America.— rt. a citizen or native of 

amethyst, am'e-thist, n. a precious stone of a 

I)urple color.— a. amethyst'ine. [amiable. I 
amiability, a-mi-^-bil'i-ti, n. Quality of being! 
amiable, ft'mi-^-bl, am'ya-bl, a. worthy or 

love ; 

lovely.— ac?t'. amiably. 
, am'ik-ai-bl, a. friendly ; peace- 
able.— a^?\ amieably. 

amid, ^-mid', prn. among ; in the midst of. 

amidships, §-mia'8hips, adv. in the middle 
part of a ship. 

amidst, a-midst', prp. amid. 

amiss, ft-mis'. a. wrong.— arfi?. improperly. 

amity, am'i-tl, n. friendship, gooa-will. 

ammonia, am-mO'ni-^, n. volatile alkali. — a. 
ammoniao, ammoniaeal (-nl'-). 

ammunition, am-yu-nisn'un, n. military 
stores, ««/?. powder, balls, etc. [don. I 

amnesty, am'nes-ti, n. an act of general par-| 

among, §-mung', 7777;. mingled with ; in the 
midst of. [to love.— ac?i>. amorously. I 

amoroQS, am'pr-ns, a. full of love ; inclined! 

amorphoQS, a-mOr'fus, a. having no determi- 
nate form or stnicture. , 

amount, a-mount', v.i. to mount up to ; be 
equivalent ; result. — n. the sum total • 
quantity. [electric current. 

ampere, am-par', n. unit of strength of an| 

amphibian, am-fib'i-^n, n. an animal that 
lives on land and m water. 

amphibious, am-fib'i-us, a. living both on land 
and in water, as frogs. 

amphitheatre, am-fi-th6>-t^r, n. a theatre of 
a round or oval form. — a. amphithoat'rioaL 

ample, am'pl, a. large ; spacious ; abundant. 
— adv. amply. 

amplify, am'pii-fl, ??./. to enlarge ; to expand. 
— v.t. to treat diffusely.— n. ampliflea'tion. 

amplitude, am'pli-tdd, n. largeness ; abund- 
ance, [or member. I 

amputate, am'pyii-tftt, v.t. to cut off a limbf 

amputation, am-pyn-ta'shun, n. the act or 
operation of cutting off. 

amulet, am'yu-let, n. a charm worn to pre- 
vent evil. [agreeably ; divert.! 

amuse, ft-mQz', v.t. to entertain ; occupy! 

amusement, ft-mtlz'ment, n. that which 
amuses ; entertainment. 

amusing, ft-mQz'ing, a. affording amuse- 
ment.— ac^t;. amusingly, [taining starch. I 

amylaeeous, am-il-ft'shus, a. starchy; con-| 

dbze; tlse, rfUe, pAll, up; oU, out; thin, th^\ 

get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 
Digitized by LjOOQ iC 




an, an, the ind^nite article ; used before 
words banning with a vowel-sound. 

k]itift, an-^bap'tist, n. one who denies 
the validity of infant baptism. 

anaehroniim, an-ak'rO-nizm, n. an error or 
confusion in date.— a. anaehronist'ie. 

•namia, ^n6'mi-ft, n. morbid state charac- 
terised by paleness of the blood. 

anasthetie, an-es-thet'ik, a. rendering in- 
sensible to pain. — n. a substance which 
renders insensible to pain. 

anagram, an'^-gram, n. a word or phrase 
formed from another b^ transposition of 
letters. — a. anagrammat'io. 

analo£ieal, an-^loj^ik-^l, a. according to 
analogy.— acTt). aaalogieally. 

analogous, an-al'p-gus, a. having analogy or 
resemblance.— o^^v. analogouthr. [to. I 

analogue, an'^log. n. that which has analogy! 

analogy, an-al^9-ji, n. likeness of relation ; 

analTse, an'^llz, v.t. to separate a whole 
into Its component parts. 

analyiis. an-ari-sis, n. separation of a com- 
pound or a subject into its component 
parts or elements.—/?^. analysM. 

analyst, an'^-list^ n. one who analyses. 

analytie, an-a-lit'ik, a. pertaining to analysis. 
—(Klv. analytioally. [alysis. 

analytiei, an-^lit'iks, n. the science of an-| 

anapmt, an^a-pest, n. a poetic foot of two 
snort syllaDies and one long one. 

anarehism, an'ftr-kizm, n. doctrines or spirit 
of anarchists. 

anarchist, an'ftr-kist, n. one who would de- 
stroy civil and social order, [a. anaroh'ie.l 

anarehy, an'ftr-ki, n. want of government.— 

anathema, an-ath^e-mg, n. an ecclesiastical 
curse; imprecation. 

anathematiie, -lie, an-ath'e-mft-tfz, v.t. to pro- 
nounce accursed ; denounce. 

anakemieal, an-^tom'ik-al, a. relating to an- 
atomy.— arf». anatomieally. [anatomy. I 

anatomut, au-at'9-mist, n. one 'skilled m| 

anatomiae, -iee, an-at'9-mlz, v.t. to dissect. 

anatomy, an-at'9-mi, n. dissection ; science 
of the structure of the body. 

aneestor, an'ses-tpr, n. a fore- 
father.-^ism. anoestreii. 

aneeetral, an-ses'tral, a. relat- 
ing to ancestors ; descending 
from ancestors. 

aneoftry, an'ses-tri, n. series 
of ancestors ; lineage. 

anehor, ang'kpr, n. an iron in- 
strument to hold a ship when 

anehor, ang'kpr, v.i. to cast an Anchor, 
anchor. — v.t. to fix by an anchor. 

anehorage. angk'pr-^j, ang'-kor-Sj, ground 
for anchoring in. [a hermit; a recluse. I 

anehoret, ang'k9-ret, anehorite,ane'k9-rlt,n.| 

anehovT, an-choM, n. a small fish of the 
herring kind. [adv. anciently. I 

aneient, ftn'shent, a. of former times ; old.— | 

ancillary, an'sil-^ri, a. subservient ; aiding. 

and, and, con. a word that joins words and 
parts of a sentence. 

anoante, an-d^n'te, n. a moderately slow 
movement in music. 

andantino, an-dan-te'nO, n. a musical move- 
ment less slow than andante. 

andiron, and'I-nm, n. an iron to support 
wood on the hearth. 

aneedote, an'ek-dot, n. a short story ; an in- 
cident related. — a. aneedot'ie. 

anemometer, an-e-mom'et-er, n. instrument 
for measuring the velocity of the wind. 

anemone, anemony, ft-nem'9-ni, n. the wind- 

anenriam, an'tl-rizm, n. tumor produced by 
the dilation of an artery. 

anew, a-nti' adv. newly ; again. 

angcL fin'jei, n. a divine messenger. 

angelic, an-jel'ik, a. belonging to, or re- 
sembling an angel.— ac?i\ an^lieally. 

anger, ang'g^r, n. passion excited by wrong ; 
wrath.— ??.<. to make angry. 

angle, ang'gl, n. a comer ; point 1 
where two lines meet ; in- 
clination of two lines that \ ^^ 


angle, ang'gl, n. a rod and Angle, 
hook.— u.i. to fish with a hook. 

angler, ang'gl^r, n. one who angles. 

Ai^liean, ang'gli-k^n, a. English. — n. an 
Episcopalian.— n. Anglicanism. 

AwgliciBm, ang'gli-sizm, n. an English idiom 

or peculiarity. pish. I 

Anghciie, -iie, ang'gli-slz, v.t. to render £ng-| 
angling, ang'gling, n. art or act of Ashing 

with a hook, 
angry, ang'gri, a. moved with anger.— atft>. 

angmsh, ang'gwish, n. excessive pain, 
angular, ang'gyu-lar, a. having an angle or 

angles.- w. angnlar'ity. 
anil, an'il. n. a plant yielding indigo, 
anile, an 'II, a. aged ; doting ; foolish. — n. 

aniline, an'i-lin, n. a product of indigo or 
coal-tar, yielding bright dyes. 

animadvenion, an-T-maa-ver'shun, 71. criti- 
cism ; censure. [upon ; to criticise. I 

animadvisTt, an-i-mad-v^rt', v.i. to remark| 

animaL an^i-mal, n. an on^nised body, hav- 
ing life, sensation, and voluntary motion, 
-a.i ' • 

ftce, air, add, firm, ask, ftll, vis^e ; severe, ebb, her, mSk^r ; Ice, inn ; Od^r, ox, OflE, 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 




animalenle, an-i-mal'ktil, n. a minute animal. 
—nl. uumalenles or uiimalenlA.— a. animal- 
euu. [animal existence ; bnitishnessJ 

MimaliMn an'i-m^-izm, n. state of mere| 

animate, an'i-mSt, v.t. to give life to.— a. 
having life. 

animateC an'i-mat-ed. a. living ; spirited. 

animatien, an-i-mfl'shun, n. life ; spirit ; 

animoaity, an-i-mos'i-ti, n. hostility ; hatred. 

animus, an'i-mus, n. intention ; spirit ; preju- 

anise, an'is, n. a plant having aromatic seeds. 

ankle, ang'kl, n. the joint between the foot 
and the leg. [ankle.! 

anklet, ang'klet, n. an ornament for the| 

aoB^ist, an'^list, n. a writer of annals. 

annalf, an'^, histories related in order 
of time. [by heat. I 

anneal, an-nei% v.t. to temper glass or metals | 

annex, an-neks', v.t. to join at the end or 
boundary ; afiix. [addition. I 

aaneznftion, an-neks-ft'shun, n. conjunction ;| 

annihilable, an-nl'hil-a-bl, a. that may be 
annihilated. [nothing ; utterly destroy.! 

annihiUte, an-nl'hil-St, v.t. to reduce to| 

Miii<iin««flii an-nl-hil-a'shun, n. reduction to 
nothing ; utter destruction. 

annhrerswy, an-ni-vers'^ri, a. returning with 
the year. — n. the corresponding day of 
another year. [of our Lord. I 

ansf Demini, an'no dom'i-nl, n. in the yearj 

annetate, an'nO-tftt, v.t. to make comments 
or notes upon. [ment.l 

annetation, an-nO-tfi'shun, n. a note or com-| 

annotator, an'nO-tft-t^r, n. a writer of notes : 
commentator. [make known. 

annonnee, an-nonns', v.t. to give notice of ;| 

annonneenienl^ an-nouns'raent, n. declara- 
tion ; public notice. 

annoy, an-noi', v.t. to vex ; incommode. 

anneyuoe, an-noi^^ns, n. act of annoying ; 
that which annoys ; state of being an- 

annual, an'yu-^l, a. coming yearly ; lasting a 
jesLT.—adv. annoally. 

annual, an'yn-^, n. a plant that lives but a 
year ; a yearly publication, [an annuity. I 

innnitani, an-nn'i-t^nt, n. one who receives! 

annuity, an-ntl'i-ti, n. a yearly rent or pay- 

annul, an-nul', v.t. to make void ; to abolish. 

snnnkr, an'yu-l^r, a. having the form of a 
ring. [nulling. I 

annuaent, an-nnPment, n. the act of an-| 

Mmnneate, an-nun'shi-St, v.t. to give notice 
of ; announce. 

tnanneiatien, an-nnn-shi-ft'shun, n. act of 
announcing ; thing announced. 

Annnneifttion-^y, n. anniversary of the an- 
gel's salutation to the Virgin ; the 26th of 

anodyne, an'9-dln, a. relieving from pain ; 
soothing.— «. a medicine that relieves pain. 

anoint a-noint', v.t. to rub with oil. 

anomalons, a-nom^^-lus, a. irregular ; deviat- 
ing from rule. 

anoiuly, a-nom^^-li, n. irregularity ; devia- 
tion from rule. 

anon, a-non', adv. immediately ; presently. 

anonyxnou, a-nonM-mus, n. without a name. 
—ndv. anonymously. 

another. an-um'?r, a. and pron. some other; 
not the same. 

answer, an's^r, v.t. to reply to ; satisfy ; 
suit.— v.t. to reply ; succeed ; be account- 
able for ; correspond. — n. a reply ; solu- 
tion, [suitable.! 

answerable, aQ'sfi'-^l)^ a. accountable ;| 

ant, ant, n. a small insect. 

antagonism, an-tag^9-nizm, n. opposition. 

antagonist. an-tagV^i^t, n. an opponent. 

antagonistie, an-tag-Q-nis'tik, a. opposing.— 
adv. antagonistieally. [opposition.! 

antagonise, -ise, an-tag'9-nlz, v.i. to act in| 

antuiotie, ant-ftrk'tik, a. relating to, or near 
the south pole. — 

preceding in time. 

anteoedent, an-tg-sSd'ent, a. going before in 
time.— n. that which goes before ; pre- 
vious event ; noun to wnlch the 
relative refers. 

anteehamber. an'tg-cham-b^r, n. a 
room leading to another. 

antedate, an'tg-dst, v.t. to date be- 
fore the true 
time. — n. a prior 

antedilnvian, an-te- 
di-lfl'vi-^n, a. ex- 
isting before the 
flood.— n. one 
who lived before 
the flood. 

antelope, an'te- 
lOp, n. a grace- 
ful animal of Antelope. 

<ft>re; Use, rflle, pull, up; oil, out; thin, thB] get, jet; kin, sin; chip, az(zh)ure. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 




ail nii- 


of a| 

on of 


many epecies, allied to the deer and goat 
kind. [noon. I 

ULtaneridian, an-tg-m^-rid^i-^n, a. before | 

aatemnnduie, an-te-mun'dftn, a. before the 
creation of the world. [insect. I 

aatoniui, an-ten'n6, the feelers of an| 

aatepennlt, an-te-pe-nult', aatepennltinukte, n. 
the last syllable but two of a word.— «. the 
last but two. [place.— 7i. anteriority. I 

anterior, an-tS'ri-pr, a. before. In time orl 

anthem, an'them, n. a sacred song : an an- 
tiphony. [flower. [ 

anther, an'th^r, n. top of the stamen of 

anthology, an-thorp-ji, n. a collection 
flowers, or of poems. 

anthraeitcL an'thr^slt, n. a kind of 
mineral coal.— a. anthraeit'ie. 

anthropoid, an'thrO-poid, a. resembling the 
human form. 

anthropology, an-thrO-poKp-jI, n. the sci- 
ence and natural history of man. 

anthropophagi, an-thrO-pora-jI, canni- 
bals ; men who eat human flesn.— n. an- 
thropophagite, [ism.— a. anthropophagovi.! 

anthropophagy, an-thrO-pof'^ii, n. cannTbal-| 

antie, an'tik, a. odd ; fantastic : quaint.— ». 
a fantastic figure or trick ; a Duflfoon. 

Antu^riet, an'ti-krlst, n. the great opposer 
of Christ. [Christianity.! 

antiehriitian, an-ti-krist'yan, a. opposite to| 

antieipate, an-tis'i-pat, v.t. to take or act be- 
fore ; to forestall. 

antieipation, an-tis-i-pft'shun, n. a previous 
notion ; foretaste ; forestalling.— a. an- 

antielunaz, an-ti-cli'maks, n. the reverse of 
a climax ; a falling or dwindling. 

antidote, an'ti-dot, n. a remedy, esp. for poi- 
son.— a. antidotaL [containing antimony. I 

antimonid, an-ti-mOn^i-^l, a. composed of or| 

antimon;^, an'ti-mpn-i, n. a brittle metal. 

Antinomian, an-ti-nOm^vau, n. one who de- 
nies the validity of the moral law. 

antinomy, an-ttn'9-mi, n. contradiction be- 
tween two laws or deductions. 

antipathy, an-tip'^thi, n. an aversion ; a 
hostile feeling. 

antiphon, an'ti-mn, antiphony, an-tif'p-ni, n. 
alternate or responsive cnanting. — a. an- 

antiphraaia, an-tif 'ra-sis, n. the use of words 
in a sense opposite to the true one. — a. 
antiohraa'tie.— ae/;^ antiphraatieally. 

antij^es, an-tip'9-dez, those who live 
diametrically opposite on the globe. — a. 

antifiiarian, an-ti-kwS'ri-^n, antiquary, an'ti- 
kwa-ri, n. one who studies or collects 
antiquities.— a. pertaining to antiquity. 

antiqnate, an'ti-kwftt, v.t. to make old ; to 
put out of use. 

antjinated, an'ti-kwSt-^d, a. old ; obsolete. 

antiqae, an-t6k', a. ancient ; old.— ». a relic 
of ancient times. 

antiqntty, an-tik'wi-ti, n. ancient times and 
matters ; great age ; a remnant or relic 
of old times. [tref action.— n. antiaeptic. I 

antiieptie, an-ti-sep'tik, a. counteracting pu-| 

antitheiii, an-tith'g-sis, n. an opposition of 
thoughts or words.— p/. antitluMS. 

antitheue, an-ti-thet'ik, antithetieal, a. con- 
trasting ; opposed.— a</«;. antithetieally. 

antitype, an'ti-tip, n. that which corresponds 
to or is prefigured by the type.— a, antityp'- 
ioaL [a. antlwed,| 

antler, ant'l^r, n. branch of a sttqg's bom.— | 

antonym, an'tp-nim, n. a word of opposite 
meaning to another. 

anvil, an'vil, n. iron block 
on which metals are 

anxiety, ang-zl'^-ti, anx- . ^, 

lonsneas. angk'shus-nes, j^uyiu 

n. trouble of mind ; solicitude. 

anxious, angk'shus, a. greatly solicitous ; 
troubled m mind.— ado. anxiously. 

any, en'i, a. one, indefinitely ; every ; who- 
ever, [ever. I 

anybody, en'l-bod'i, pron. any person what-] 

anyhow, en'i-hou, culv. in any manner ; in 
anv case. [any Kind ; aught. I 

anything, en'i-thing, n. and prow, a thing of | 

anywhere, en'i-whar, adv. in any place. 

a&ywise, en'i-wlz, 'adv. in any manner. 

aorta, S-dr't§, n. the great artery which 
springs from the heart. 

apaeo, ft-pRs', adv. swiftly ; rapidly^. 

apart, ft-p&rt', adv. separately ; aside. 

apartment, a-p&rt'mont, n. a room or suite 
of rooms. [ference. — a. apathet'ie.1 

apathy, ap'a-thl, n. want of feeling ; indif-| 

ape, ftp, n. a tailless monkey; 
a m\mic.—v.L to imitate 

aperient, ^pC'rl-ent, a. gen- 
tly purgative.— n. a mild 
purgative. [opening. I 

aperture, ap'^r-tyur, fi. an| 

apex, a'peks, n. the summit 
or point.— jo/, apieei or 

aphelion, ft-fCl'yun, n. part 
of a planet's orbit most 
distant from the sun. -^P®* 

aphorism, af 'pr-izm, n. a brief precept : pithy 
sentence.- a. aphoris'tie. [kept. I 

apiary, a'pi-a-rl, n. a place where bees are| 

apieoe, ft-pSss adv. to each ; for each. 

See, air, add, ftrm, ask, ail, visage ; sfivCre, ebb, h^r, mftk^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, 6fr, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 




ftfish, ftp'ish, a. like an ape ; aitected.—adv. 

•fMalypM, ^pok'^lips, n. revelatiou ; the 
AfOttuypte, the last book of the New 
Testament.— <i. apMalyp'tie. 

HMope, ^pok'9-pi, n. the cutting off the 
last letter or syllable of a word. 

AfMrrpha, a-pok'ri-fft, certain books of 
Scripture, of disputed authority. 

ftfMrTfhal, ^-pok'n-f^l, a. pertaining to the 
Apocrypha; doubtful. 

tpogee. ap'o-jS, n. part of the moon's orbit 
fartnest from the earth. 

ftfolAgetie, a-pol-9-jet'ik, a. pertaining to an 
apology or defence. [ap)ology. I 

ayologif^ ft-pol'^-jist, n. one who makes an 

•9«logiM, ftpologue, ft-porp-jlz, v.i. to defend 
or make excuse for. 

afologne, ap'p-log, n. a fable. 

•foltgr, ft-pol'p-jii n. a defence ; an excuse. 

afophtAegni, ap'O-them, n. a terse, pointed 
saving. [inclining to apoplexy. I 

ftfo^Mtie, ap-9-plek'tik, a. pertaining orl 

•p^lexy, ap'9-pleks-i, n. sudden loss of 
sense and motion from an effusion of 
blood upon the brain. [pies or religion. I 

Ifirtiiy, a-pos'ta-si, n. desertion of prmci-| 

afottste, t^pos'tat, n. one who deserts his 
principles or religion. [apostasy.! 

apostatise, -ise, g-pos't^-tlz, v.i. to commit! 

^Oftle, a-po8'tl, n. one sent by the Saviour 
to preach the Gospel ; a missionary. — a. 
apostorie, apostolieaL 

^MtlMhip, ft-post'l-ship, apostolate, a-pos't<;>- 
lat, n. omce of an apostle. 

ifMtnphe. ft-pos'trp-fi, n. a turning from 
real auditors to address a suppos^ one ; 
a mark indicating contraction of a word. 

apMtrtphixe,-i8e, ft-poe'tr^-fTz, v.f. to address 
by apostrophe.— t\i. to make an apos- 
trophe, [of medicines.! 

*9tm«ij, §-poth'e-ka-ri, w. a dispenser | 

mtheaaii, ap-^-thS'^-sis, n. the act of plac- 
ing among the gods ; deification. 

mal ap-pAr, v.f. to strike with terror. 

analling, ap-p&Fing, a. terrifying. 

HPUAtos, ap-p^-rft^tus, n. a set of instru- 
ments ; furniture.— 7^/. apparatm. 

•nanl, ap-par'el, n. clothing ; dress.— v.t. 
to clothe ; to dress. [seeming. 

afpamt, ap-par'ent, o. visible ; evident ;| 

anaraitly, ap-par'ent-li, adv. in appearance. 

^ntntioB, ap-pi^rish'un, n. appearance ; 
phantom ; ghost. 

ayptal, ap-p€l% v.i. to address ; to call upon ; 
to refer to. — v.t. and v.i. to remove a cause 
to a higher court.— w. act of appealing ; the 
cause appealed. — a. appealable, [to seem. I 

a ff e ar , ap-per% v.i. to be or to come in sight ; | 

appearaaee. ap-p€r'^ns, n. coming in sight ; 

that which appears ; probability ; show. 
appease, an-pCz', v.t. to quiet ; to pacify.— a. 

appeUaat, ap-pcP^nt, n. one who appeals. 

appellate. ap-pePat, a. of or pertaining to 
appeals, [which a thing is called ; title. I 

appeUatioii, ap-pel-ft'shun, n. a name by| 

appellative, ap-pel'^-tiv, «. a name common 
to many. — a. common to many as a name. 

append, ap-pend', v.t. to hang to ; to affix. 

appendage. ap-pend'a1, n. something append- 
ed, added, or affixed. 

appendix, ap-pend'iks, n. something affixed. 
—pi. appendioes or appendixes. 

appertain, ap'p^r-tan, v.i. to belong. 

appetenoe, ap'pe-t^ns, n. a longing after ; ap- 
petite, [tempting. I 

appetinng, ap'pe-tlz-ing, a. exciting appetite;! 

appetite, ap'pfi-tit, n. natural desire ; crav- 
ing ; hunger. 

applaud, ap-plad% v.t. and v.i. to express sat- 
isfaction by clapping the hands ; to praise 

applause, ap-plfiz' n. praise or satisfaction 
expressed oy clapping the hands ; appro- 

applausive, ap-plfiz'iv, a. signifying applause. 

apple, ap'l, n. a fruit ; the ball of the eye. 

appliance, ap-pll'^ns, n. act of applying; 
something applied ; device ; instrument. 

applicable, ap'pli-k^-bl, a. that may be ap- 
plied ; smtsMe.— adv. applicably.— f^. ap- 

applicant, ap'pli-kant, n. one who applies. 

application, ap-pli-ka'shun, n. the act of ap- 
plying ; something applied ; close study 
or attention. 

apply, ap-pir, v.t. to place to or upon.— r.r. 
to devote ; address.— v.i. to suit ; solicit. 

appoint, ap-point', v.t. to fix ; to name and 
commission to an office ; equip. 

appointed, ap-point'ed, a. equipped. 

Vpointee, ap-point'€, n. a person appointed. 

appointment, ap-point'ment, «. order ; settle- 
ment ; designation to office ; office ; equip- 
ment. Must shares.! 

apportion, ap-pOr'shun, v.t. to distribute in] 

apportionment, ap-pOr'shun-ment, n. act of 
aistributing in portions. 

apposite, ap'p9-zit, a. proper; suitable; to 
the noint— adv. appositely. - ti . appositeness. 

apposition, ap-p9-zisn'un, n. the act of plac- 
ing together or against ; state of being so 
placed; the placing two nouns referring 
to the same subject, in the same case. 

appraisal, ap-prSz'^l, appraisement, ap-prSz'- 
ment, n. a valuation. 

appraise, ap-praz% v.t. to set a value on. 

dbze ; tlse, rflle, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, thS ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

Digitized by LjOOQiC 




ftpfnisar, ap-prftz'^r, n. one appointed to 

ftppreeiftUe, ap-prS'sh^-bl, a. that may be 

estimated.— ac^t;. aj^pndaUy. 
apprMiate, ap-prS'slii-fit, v.t. to value ; to 

estimate juBt\y.—v.L (U. S.) to increase in 

appredatioii, ap-pre'sbi-fi'shun, -si-, n. act of 

valuing ; just estimate ; (U. S.) increase 

in value. [conceive ; to fear. I 

apprehend, ap-prg-hend', v.t. to seize; to| 
apprehensible, ap-prg-hen'si-bl, a. that may be 

apprehended. [conception : fear. I 

appruunsion, ap-pre-hen'shun, n. seizure ;| 
apprehensive, ap-pre-hen'siv, a. quick to ap-. 

prebend ; fearful, 
apprentiee, ap-pren'tis, n. one bound to a 

trade or art.— t;.^. to bind as an apprentice. 
apprentieeship, ap-pren'tis-ship, n. tne state 

of being an apprentice. [inform. I 

apprise, ap-prlz% v.t. to give notice to ; to| 
approach, ap-prOch^ t;.^. to draw or be near 

to.— ». act of drawing near to ; access. — a. 

approaehable. [approving; sanction. I 

approbation, ap-pr<;>-bft'shun, n. the act of| 
appropriate. ap-prO'pri-ftt, v.t. to talce for 

one's self ; to set apart for a purpose, 
appropriate, ap-prO'pri-^t, a. proper ; suitable. 

—adv. appropriately.— 72. appropriateness, 
appropriation, ap-pro-pri-ft'snun, n. assign- 
ment to a particular use, or to one's self. 
approvaUe, ap-prdbv'a-bl, a. worthy to be 

approved. [mendation ; sanction.! 

approTsl, ap-pr(^v'^K n. approbation ; com-| 
approve, ap-prdbv', v.t. to lilse, or allow of ; 

commena ; prove, 
approximate, ap-prok^si-m&t, v.t. and v.i. to 

bring near ; approach, 
approximate, ap-prok'si-m^t, a. near. 

approximation, ap-prok-si-ma'shun, n. a 
bringing near ; approach.— o. approx''ima- 
^m.—aav. approxiina'tively. 

appnrtenanee, ap-pur'ten-ans, n. that which 
belongs to something else.— a. appurtenant 

aprieot, ft'pri-kot, n. a fruit of the plum 
kind. hrear.l 

April, a'pril, w. the fourth month of the| 

apron, a'purn, a'prun, n. piece of cloth or 
leather, worn in front as a protection. 

apropos, ap'rp-pO, adv. seasonably ; with 
reference to ; by the way. 

apse, aps, n. the eastern end of a cathedral. 

apt, apt, a. fit ; qualified ; ready ; liable. 
—adv. aptly. 

aptitude, ap'ti-ttld, aptness, apt'nes, n. fit- 
ness ; readiness ; tendency. 

iqnafortis, ak'wa-for'tis, n. nitric acid. 

agoatie, a-kwat'ik, a. belonging to, or living 
in the water. 

afuednet, ak'we-dukt, n. artificial channel 
for conveying water. 

aqaeons, a^kwe-us, a. watery. 

agniline, ak'wi-lin, or -lln, a. like an eagle 
or its beak ; hooked. 

Arab, ar'ab, a native of Arabia.—^. Arab ; 
Aia'bian; Ar'abic. 

arabesque, ar'^-besk, a. In the manner of 
Arabian architecture— n. an ornament of 
foliage, etc. » 

Arable, ar'^-bik, n. the language of the Anibs. 

arable, ar'a-bl, a. fit for tillage. 

arbiter, ftr'bi-t^r, n. an umpire ; a judge. 

arbitrament, ftr-bit'r^ment, n. decision of an 
arbiter ; award ; choice. 

arbitrary, ftr'bi-tr^ri, a. dictated by wiU ; 
despotic— n arbitrariness. 

arbitrate, ftr'bi-trftt. v.t. and v.t. to act as an 
arbiter ; to decide. 

arbitration, ftr-bi-trft'shnn, n. a settlement by 
one or more umpires. 

arbitrator, ftr-bi-trft'tpr, n. one who arbi- 
trates ; an nmpire. [a machine.) 

arbor, ftr'bpr, n. a bower ; the chief axis of | 

arboreal, ftr-bO're-^l, n. pertaining to trees ; 
living among trees. 

arboreseent, ftr-b^-res'ent, a. resembling a 
tree.— 91. arboreseenee. 

arbutus, ftr'bfi-tus, n. a flowering plant. 

are, ftrk, n. part of a circle. 

areade, Er-kftd', n. a walk arched over. 

Areadian, ftr-kad'y^n, a. pertaining to 
Arcadia ; pastoral ; rural. 

areanum, ftr-Jcft'num, n. a i b 
secret.—^, areana. V^ 

areh, &rch, n. part of a circle n^y 
or curve ; a curved, self- 
supporting structure.— ».^ 
or v.i. to form an arch. 

areh, arch, a. playfully sly. 
—adv. archly.— w. arehness. Arch. 

areh, ftrch, a. chief ; princi- 
pal {mostly used as prefix), [archaeology.! 

arehsologist, ftr-ke-ol'<;>-jist, n. a student of| 

arehaology, ar-kg-or^-ii, n. the study of an- 
cient things.— a. areiuMloff'ieaL 

arehaic, ar-ka'ik, a. ancient ; primitive. 

archaism, ftr'k^-izm, n. an ancient or obso- 
lete word or phrase. [archangel'ie. I 

archanffel, ftrk-an^jel, n. a chief angel. — a.\ 

archbishop, ftrch-bish^pp, n. a chief bishop ; 
the bisnop of a province. 

archbishopric, arch-bish'pp-rtk, n. the oflice 
or province of an archbishop. 

archdeacon. arch-d6'kn, n. a priest next in 
rank below a bishop. [an archdeacon. I 

archdeaconry, ftrch-de'^n-ri, n. the oflSce of | 

archduchy, arch-duch'i, n. the territory of an 

ftce, air, add, firm, ask, &11, vis^e ; sgvSre, ebb, h6r, mftk^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, 6ff, 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 




tithdnke, ftrch-dtlk', n. a prince of the Aus- 
trian imperial house.— ^f'^m. u«hdiieheii.— 
a. ardidiiML 

anked, ftrcht, a. curved into an arch. 

anktr, ftrch'^r, n. one who shoots with a 
bow. [a bow. I 

ardiery, ftrch'^r-i, n. art of shooting withj 
' ' , Sr'ke-tlp, n. an original model.— 
' paL [to an archdeacon. I 

J &r-ki-di-ak'on-£il, a. pertainingi 

anhiepiMopal, ftr-ki-^-pis^kp-p^l, a. pertain- 
ing to an archbishop. [many islands. I 

arohneUgo, ftr-ki-per^-go, n. a sea withj 

anhnaet, &r'ki-tekt, n. a chief builder, or 
planner of buildings. 

arehlUetai*, ftr-ki-tekt'ynr, n. the art or 
style of building; structure.— a. arehi- 
tettnraL [resting on a column.! 

anhitr»Te, ftr'ki-trSv, n. the entablature! 

arthivet, ar'klvz, public records ; the 
place where they are kept. 

arraway, ftrch'wft, n. a passage under an arch. 

antie, ftrk'tik, a. pertaining to the north 

azwBey, ftr'den-si. n. warmth ; eagerness. 

ardtr, ftr'dpr, n. neat ; warmth of feeling ; 
eagerness.— ^7. i^mt—adv. ardently. 

ttiacu, ftr'dyu-us, a. difficult to attain 
laborious. [ind. of be. 

an, ftr, 2d p. sing, and Ist, 2d, 3d p. pi. pres.l 

are, ftr, n. measure of 100 square meters, or 
119.6 square yards. [extent. 

area, ft'r§-ft, n. an open space ; superficial 

anoa, a-r^'n^, n. an open space ; a place oi 
poblTc contest. [silvery ; white. 

ttgani, ftr'jent, argentine, ftr'jent-in, -In, a. 

argtnani, ftr'go-nftt, n. a species 
of mollusk ; the paper-nau- 

argoey, ftr'gp-si, n. poetic term 
for a richly-laden ship. 

aigM, ftr'gtl, v.t. and v.i. to dis- 
cuss ; to reason. 

arguBeni, ftr'gyii-ment, n. a 
reason or train of reasoning ; 
subject of a discourse. 

argUBentation, ftr-gyu-ment-ft'- 
shon, n. process of arguing. 

argvaentatiTe, ftr-gyu-ment^- 
tiv, a. consisting of, or ad- 
dicted to argument. 

am, &'re-a, n. (mus.) an air or Argonaut, 

Ariia. ft'n-^n, n. a follower of Arlus ; a Uni- 
tarian. [Arians.l 

Ariuiim, ft'ri-an-izm, n. doctrine of the| 

aril, ar'id, ar'id, a. dry.— n. aridnesi ; aridity. 

Ariel, a'ri-ez, n, the Ram ;Sthe first sign of 
the zodiac. 

aright, ft-rit', adv. rightly. 

arise, ft-riz', v.i. to rise ; to come into view ; 
to proceed.— p.^ arose. —j^.p. arisen. 

aristMraey, ar-is-tok'r^si, n. government by 
nobles ; nobility. [aristocracy. I 

aristoerat, ar-ist'p-krat, n. one who favors] 

aristoeratie, ar-is-tp-krat'ik, a. pertaining to 
aristocracy or nobility. 

arithmetio, §-rith'me-tik, w. the science of 
numbers.— a. arithmet'ieal. 

arithmetieian, a-rith-me-tish'^n, n. one skilled 
in arithmetic. 

ark, ftrk, n. a large floating vessel ; a chest. 

arm, ftrm, n. a limb of the body ; anything 
which projects. 

armada, ftr-mft'dft, n. a fleet of armed ships. 

armadillo, ftr-m^- 
dil'o, n. an an- 
imal with an 
outer covering 
of bony plates. " 

annament, ar'm^- 
ment, n. a force 
equipped for 
war ; guns of a ship. 

armatore, ftr'm^tyur, n. piece of iron con- 
necting, or revolving between, the poles of 
a magnet. [menia.| 

Armenian, &r-m6n'y^n, n. a native of Ar-| 

Arminian, ftr-min'y^n, n. one who denies 

Sredestination, and holds to universal re- 
em ption.— a. Arminian. 
Arminianiim^ Sr-min'y^n-izm, n. the doctrines 

of Arminians. [active hostilities. I 

armistioe, ftr'mis-tis, n. a suspension of| 
armlet, ftrm'let, n. an ornament worn on the 

armor, ftr'mor, n. defensive arms, 
armorer, ftr'mpr-^r, n. he who makes or has 

charge of arms. [of -arms. I 

armorial, ftr-mOr'i-^l, a. belonging to coats-| 
armory, ftr'mp-ri, n. a place where arms are 

maae or kept, 
armpit, ftrm'pit, n. the hollow under the arm. 
arms, ftrmz, weapons ; armorial bear- 
army, ftr'mi, n. a large bodv of armed men : 

a nost. [plants ; fragrance, 

arema, ft-rO'mft, n. the odorous principle in| 
arematie, ar-p-mat'ik, a. spicy ; fragrant.— ». 

a spice or perfume, 
arose, ft-rOz^ pj. of arise, 
arennd, ft-round', prp. on all sides of.— <idv. 

on every side ; in a circle. [to excite. I 

aroose, ^-tovlz\ v.t. to awaken ; to animate ;| 
arow, ft-rO', adv. in a row. 
amdgn, ar-rftn', v.i. to set a prisoner at the 

bar.— n. arra^punent [pare.j 

arrange, ar-rftnj', v.t. to e " 

) set in order ; to pre-| 

Use, rflle, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, tkB ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 




ftrraagement, ar-rSnj^ment, n. act of arrang- 
ing ; order. 

uraat, ar'r^nt, a. veij bad : pernicious. 

arrai, ar'r^, n. hangings of tapestry. 

amy, a-rfl', v.t. to put in order ; dress ; 
arrange for battle.— n. order ; dress ; show. 

wrear, ft-rSr', n. that which is behind, or nn- 
paid. [unpaid. I 

arreuf, ft-rSrz', something due and) 

arrest, ft-rest', v.t. to seize ; detain ; seize by 
warrant.— «. stoppage ; seizure hy warrant. 

arrival, a-rl'v^l, n. the act of coming ; that 
which arrives. 

arrive, ft-rlv', v.i. to come to ; to reach. 

arrogant, ar'9-g^nt, a. haughty ; assuming ; 
overbearing.— arft?. arrogantly.— n. arro- 
ganoe. [unjustly ; to assume. I 

arrogate, ar'9-gat, v.t. to claim; to claim! 

arrogation, ar-9-ga'shun, n. the act of arro- 
gating ; assumption. 

arrow, ar'O, n. shaft shot from a bow. 

arrowroot, ar'0-rdbt, n. a West Indian plant • 
the starch obtained from it. [stores. 

arsenal, ftr'sen-^I, n. a magazine of militaryl 

arsenie, ftr'sen-ik, n. a mineral poison and its 
metallic base.— a. arsen'ieaL 

anon, ftr'spn, n. the crime of burning a 
house, ship, etc. [be. I 

art, art, 2d pers. sing. pres. tense of the verb! 

art, &rt, n. skill guided by rules ; rules and 
method of doing ; skill : cunning ; a trade. 

artery, ar'te-ri, n. a vessel conveying blood 
from the heart. [tained in the arteries. I 

artvUl, ar-t6r'i-^l, a. pertaining to or con-1 

artMian well, ar-tS'zhan wel, n. a well made 
bv boring. [artfUly.— n. artftilnesi. I 

artnil, art'ml, a. skilful ; cunning.— arfv.l 

artiohoke, ar'ti-chok, n. a garden vegetable. 

article, ar'ti-kl, n. a condition ; an item or 
thing. In grammar, a, an, and the. 

artionlw, ar-tik'yu-l^r, a. belonging to ar- 
ticles or joints. 

articulate, ar-tik'yu-lat^ a. jointed ; distinct- 
ly spoken.— arfu. artienlately. 

articulate, ar-tik'yu-lat, v.t. to joint ; to pro- 
nounce distinctly. 

articulation, ar-tik-yn-ia'shun, n. connection 
by a joint ; distinct utterance. 

artifice, ar'ti-fts. n. artful contrivance; device. 

artificer, ar-tif 'is-er, n. a craftsman. 

artificial, ar-ti-fisn'al, a. made by art; not 
natural.— a^f. artiflciidly. 

artillery, ar-til'^-ri, n. cannon, with their ap- 
pendages ; troops who manage cannon ; 

artiian, ar'ti-z^n, n. a mechanic. 

artift. ar'tist, n. one skilled in a line art. 

artiitic, ar-tistMk, a. pertaining to an artist ; 
according to SLXt.—adv. artistically. 

artiess, art'les, a. without art : simple ; sin- 
cere.— odu. artlessly.-fi. axtlessness. 

Aryan, Su-'yan, a. denoting an ancient people 
supposed to have been the ancestors of 
the Hindus. Kelts,Teutons. etc.— n. Aryan. 

as, az, adv. like ; for example ; when. 

asafvtida, as-^-fet'id-ft, n. a fetid gum-resin. 

asbestos, az-best'Q'j, 71. an incombustible 
fibrous mineral. [upward ; to rise. I 

as-send', v.t. to cWmh.—v.i. to mount) 
t, as-send'^nt, a. mounting; supe- 
rior.-;?, superiority ; elevation. [ence.l 

ascendency, as-send'en-si, «. superior influ-| 

ascension, as-sen'shun, n. act of ascending ^ 
rising up. 

Ascension-day, as-sen'shun-da, n. day of the 
Saviour's ascension to heaven ; Holy 
Thursday. [ity.l 

ascent, as-sent', n. act of ascending ; accliv-| 

ascertain, as-s^r-tan', v.t. to acquire certain 
knowledge of ; to learn.- a. ascertainable. 

ascetic, as-set'ik, a. rigorously self-denying. 
—n. one who practises rigid self-denial. 

asceticism, as-set'i-sizm, n. the practices or 
conduct of an ascetic. [assign.! 

ascribe, as-krib', v.t. to attribute, impute, or| 

ascription, as-krip'shun, n. the act of ascrib- 

ash, ash, n. a genus of trees. 

ashamed, a-^hamd', a. affected by shame, 
hes, ash'es, the remains of what is 
burned ; the remains of a dead body. 
Mar, ash'l^r, n. hewn stone. 

ashore, a-shOr', adv. at or on shore. 

Ash-WMnesday, ash'wenz'dat n. the first 
day of Lent. 

ashy, ash'i, a. like ashes ; pallid. 

Asiatic, a-shi-at'ik, a. pertaining to Asia.— n. 
a native of Asia. 

aside, a-sid', adv. on one side ; privately. 

asinine, as'i-nin, a. pertaining to, or like an 
ass. [inquire. I 

ask, ask, t;.^. and v.i. to request ; to invite ;| 

askance, t^-sk^ns', askant, ^-sk^nt', adv. ob- 
liquely ; awry ; to one side. 

askew, ft-skfl', adv. oblimiely.; awry. 

aslant, ft-slant', adv. obliquely • in a slant- 
ing manner. [benumbed. I 

asleep, a-siep', a. or adv. sleeping ; to sleep ;| 

aslope, ft-slOp', adv. with a slope or inclina- 
tion, [serpent.! 

asp, asp, aspic, as'pik, n. a small venomous| 

asparagus, as-par'^-gus, n. a garden vege- 

aspecty as'pekt, n. look ; appearance ; front. 

aspen, as'pen, n. the trembling poplar. 

asperity, as-per'i-ti, n. roughness ; harshness. 

asperse, as-pers', v.t. to scatter, sprinkle, or 
pour upon ; to defame. 

flee, air, add, arm, ask, &1I, vis^e ; sfivfire, ebb, hdr, mak^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox. Off, 

d by Google 

Digitized b 




WKftmnit as-per'shan, n. eprinkling; def- 
ufhatt, as'-falt, asplitltiiin, as-fal'tum, n. 
mineral pitch ; bltomen ; a bituminous 
pavement. — a. Mphal'tie. 
WBfkpdi, a8-fil£8'i-ft, n. snepended anima- 
tion : Buffocation. [candidate.! 
agpinnt, as-pl'r^nt, n. one who aepiree : a| 
minte. as'pi-rftt, v.t. to pronounce with a 
breauiing.— w. (-^t) a letter with a breath- 
ing, or its mark. [longing desire. I 
u^ntioii, a8-pi-ra''Bhun, n. a breathing ; al 
a^iie, ae-plr', v.i. to desire eagerly ; mount 

or strive to mount upward, 
unring, as-plr'ing, a. aiming at something 

nigh ; amoitious. 
iBfomt, a-skwint', adv. obliquely ; askance. 
MS, as, n. an animal of the horse family ; a 

unny, as-8^gT% n. an African javelin. 
•Mul, as-sflP, v.t. to assault ; to attack. 
** " I, as-sftl'^-bl, a. that may be assailed. 
, as-sftl'flint, n. one who assails. 

, as-sas'in, n. one who murders 

secretly or by surprise. 
MiMBJnate, as-sas'in-at, v.t. to kill secretly 

or by surprise.— n. issMsination. 
aMMlt, as-salt', n. a violent attack ; a storm- 
ing. — v.t. to make an assault upon by 
word or deed. 
MMT, as-sft', v.t. to try ; to test the amount 

of metal in an ore or alloy. 
Mny, as-sft', n. a test ; trial ; proof of metal. 
Mnyer, as-sS'^r, n. one who assays metals, 
■■■emblige, as-sem'bl^j, n. a collection of 

individuals ; a concourse. 
UMiDbla, ds-sem'bl, v.t. to bring together. — 

v.i. to meet together. 
UMmUy, as-sem'bli, n. a company assem- 
bled ; legislature ; ball. 
UMoi, as-sent', v.i. to agree to or admit.— n. 
the act of agreeing or admitting ; acqui- 
escence, [tam.l 
utotj as-sert', v.t. to affirm ; declare ; main-| 
anotion, as-ser-shun, n. the act of assert- 
ing ; a declaration. 
UMrUr, as-sert'pr, n. one who asserts. 
■■■Ml, as-ses', v.t. to value ; to fix the 
amoant of a tax. [ing ; sum assessed.! 
, as-ses'ment, n. the act of assess-! 
s-ses'pr, n. one appointed to as- 
} ;' a judicial coadjutor, [to pay debts. I 
, as'sets, effects or estate liable! 

■■■■▼erate. as-sev'^r-St, v.t. and v.i. to affirm 

solemnly . [affirmation . ! 

Of as-sev-^r-ft'shun, n. a solemn! 

as-sid'yu-us, a. constant in appli- 

adv. Mtiii 



asiign, as-sin', v.i. to mark out ; allot ; ap- 
point ; allege ; transfer. 

Mfliffii, as-sln'^ usignae, as-i-n6', n. one to 
whom any right or property is assigned. 

MsignaUe, as-sln'^-bl, a. that may oe as- 
signed, [ment to meet.j 

assignation, as-sig-nft'shun, n. an appoint-i 

assignmsnt, as-sTn'ment, n. a transfer oi 
title or interest. 

assimilate, as-sim'i-lat, v.t. to make like; 
convert into a like substance. — v.i. to be- 
come like, or of a like substance. 

assimilation, as-sim-i-lfi'shun, n. the act of 
making like ; process of becoming like. 

assimilative, fis-sim'i-lft-tiv, a. having power 
to assimilate. [v.i. to lend aid.j 

assist, as-sist', v.t. to stand by ; to help,— | 

assistanee, as-sist'^ns, n. help ; relief. 

assistant, as-sist'^nt, a. helping.— w. one 
who helps. [or prices.— n. assiser.| 

as-slz', v.i. to fix measures, weights,! 

assises, as-slz'^z, a court of justice held 

associate, as-sO'shi-ftt, -si-, v.t. to join in 
company. — v.i. to keep company. 

assooiaie, as-so'shi-at, n. a companion ; par- 
taker; partner.— a. assoeiate. 

association, as-so-si-ft'shun (or -shi-), n. act of 
associating ; union ; society. 

assonanoe, as'v-nans, n. agreement of sounds. 
—a. assonant [in classes. 

assort, as-s6rt', v.t. to arrange or distribute! 

assortment, as-sdrt-ment, n. orderly distribu- 
tion ;.a quantity of things assorted. 

assnage, as-swaj', v.t. to alleviate ; mitigate ; 
allay.—/}, assnagemeni— a. assnasive. 

assume, as-stlm', v.t. to take for or upon 
one's self ; take for granted. [tuous.| 

tssominf , as-stim'ing, a. haughty; presump-! 

assnmirtion, as-sum'shun. n. the act of as- 
suming ; something taken for granted ; a 

assnnnee, ft-shfir'ans, n. the act of assuring ; 
confidence ; affirmation ; insurance. 

assure, ft-shfir', v.t. to make sure : give con- 
fidence ; insure. [certainly. | 

MTOwdly. a-shfir'ed-li, adv. confidently;! 

aster, as't^r, n. one of a genus of flowering 

asterisk, as't^r-isk, n. a star (*) used in 
printing as a mark of reference. 

astern, ft-stem', adv. in, at, or toward the 
hinder part of a ship. [ets. ! 

asteroid, as't^r-oid, n. one of the small plan-! 

asthma, ast'm^, n. a disease characterized by 
difficulty of breathing.— a. asthmat'ie. 

astigmatism, as-tig'm^tizm, n. defect of vis- 
ion due to faulty curvature of the cornea. 

astir, ^ster', a. in motion ; stirring. 

(hze ; tlse, r^e, pull, up ; oil, oat ; thin, th& ; get, jet ; kin, gin ; chip, az(zb)ure. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 




•MHUMi, as-ton'ish, v.t. to surprise greatly ; 
confound.— a. aitoniildng. 

Mtoniihmoit, as-ton'ish-ment, n. extreme 
surprise; amazement. 

uUnmd, as-tound', v.t. to astonish; con- 
found with wonder or fear. 

Mtrid, as'tr^, a. belonging to the stars. 

Mtrtj, ft-strft', adv. out or the right way. 

astriu, ^strld^ adv. with the legs open, or 
across something ; across. 

utringe, as-trini% v.t. to draw together ; to 
bind.— n. Mtne'tion. 

aatringtnt, as-trinj'ent, a. binding ; drawing 
together.— w. a medicine that binds.— orfv. 

utrologtt, as-troPo-1^r, n. a practiser of as- 
trology ; kind or fortune-teller. 

utmo^, as-ttoPp-ji, n. the imaginary art of 
predicting events by the stars. 

MtaroBomer, as-tron'^-m^r, n. one skilled in 

utronomy, as-tron'p-mi, n. the science of the 
heavenly bodies.- a. artronom'iflal. 

Mtnte, as-tnt', a. shrewd ; sagacious ; sly. 
—adv. uttvUlj.—n. utatenesi. 

Monder, ft-sund'^r, adv. apart ; divided. 

asYlom, ^sl'lum, n. a refuge ; a charitable 
Institution for invalids. 

at, at, j/n). near to : by ; in ; towards. 

ate, et, fit, p.t. of eai Fence of God. I 

ttaeism, ft'thg-izm, n. disbelief in the exist-j 

atheift, ft'the-ist, n. one who denies the ex- 
istence of God.— a. atheift'ie, atheiitieal. 
—adv. atheistieally. 

athemwin, atheneiim, ath-en-C'um, n. a public 
institution for lectures, readings, etc. 

aUurst, ft-thferst', a. thirstv. 

athlete, ath^et, n. a contender in feats of 
strength ; a vigorous person. 

athletic, ath-let'ik, a. pertaining to feats of 
strength ; strong ; muscular. 

athwart, ath-w6rt', prp. across ; transverse. 
—adv. transversely. 

atlas, at'las, n. a volume of maps 
(so named from Atlas, one of 
the Titans of Greek mythol- 

atmosphere, at'mps-fSr, n. the air 
that surrounds the earth.— a. 

atell, at-ol', n. a ring-shaped 
coral island with central la- 
goon. ^ 

atom, at'<;)m, n. a minute particle. . ..^ 

—n .t««l'io. ^^^^- 

iser, at'<^m-T.zer, n. instrument for 

converting liquids into spray, 
one, ft-tOn', v.t. to expiate, or make satis- 
faction for. 

, ft-tOn'ment, n. expiation. 

*top, A-top^ adv. on the top. 

atrodoiis, ft-trO'shus, a. extremely cruel or 
wicked.— ^t;. atroeioiisly.— n. strodons- 
ness. [wicke^ess.l 

atrod^, A-tros'i-ti, n. extreme cruelty or| 

atroph]^ at'rp-fi, n. a wasting away.— a. 
avopnied. . Degal process. 

attach, at-tach', v.t. to fasten to ; seize by| 

attaehed, at-tacht'. a. devoted to ; affection- 
ate ; seized by legal process. 

attachment, at-tach'ment, n. affection ; legal 
seizure ; addition to a machine. 

attack, at-tak% v.t. to assail. [arrive at. I 

attain, at-tan', v.t. to reach by efforts ; to| 

attainable, at-tfin'^-bl, a. that may be at- 
tained.— n. attainabil'ity. [in law. I 

attainder, at-tfin'd^r, n. the act of attainting | 

attainment, at-tfln'ment, n. the act of attain- 
injg ; an acquisition. [high treason. I 

attamt, at-tflnt^ v.t. to disgrace : convict of I 

attar, at'tfir, n. a fragrant volatile oil, esp. of 

attemper, at-tem'p^r, v.t. to mix in propor- 
tion ; qualify by mixture ; moderate or 

attempt, at-temt', v.t. to try ; make trial of, 
or an effort upon. — n. a trial ; an effort. 

attend, at-tend% v.t. to accompany ; be 
present at.— f?.i. give attention to. 

attendance, at-tend'^ns, n. the act of attend- 
ing ; presence ; those attending. 

attendant, at-tend'^nt, a. attending.— n. one 
that attends or waits upon. 

attention, at-ten'shun, n. the act of heeding ; 
civility.— a. attenttve.— a^^v. attentively. 

attenoate, at-ten'yu-ftt, v.t. to render thin. 
—a. thin.— n. attenuation, [to ; to affirm. I 

attest, at-test', v.t. and v.i. to bear witness! 

attestation, at-test-fi'shun, n. the act of at- 
testing : testimony. [house. I 

attic, at'tik, n. the low topmost story of a| 

Attic, at'tik, a. pertaining to Attica ; ele- 
gant ; classical. 

Atticism, at'ti-sizm, n. a phrase peculiar to 
Attic Greek ; elegance of diction. 

attire, at-tir', v.t. to dress ; to array.— ». 

attitude, at'ti-tUd, n. posture. 

attorney, at-tur'ni, n. one who acts for 
another ; a lawyer.— p^. attomeye. 

attract, at-trakt', v.t. to draw to ; to allure. 

attracoon, at-trak'shun, n. the act or power 
of attracting ; allurement. 

attractive, at-trakt'iv, a. drawing ; alluring. 
—adv. attractively.— n. attractiveness. 

attribntable, at-trib'yfit-^bl, a. that may be 

attribnte, at-trib'yut, v.t. to ascribe ; impute. 

ace, air, add, ftrm, ask, ail, vis^ige ; sfivCre, ebb, h6r, mak^r ; Ice, inn ; Od9r, ox, Oil, 

d by Google 

Digitized b 




attribate, at'trib-tlt, n. inherent quality or 
property. fmg.l 

ftnrimtion, at-tri-bll'eliun, n. act of attribut-| 

attrition, at-trish'un, n. act of rubbing or 
wearing. [to tune. I 

attune, at-ttln', v.t. to bring into harmony ;| 

auburn, &'burn, a. reddish brown. 

anetion, Sk'shnn, n. a public sale to the high- 
est bidder, [an auction. I 

anfitioneer, §.k-shun-er', n. one who managers | 

avdadons, S-dS'shus, a. bold ; daring ; im- 
pudent.— ac?». andaoionsly.— 71. anda«'ity. 

anoible, &d'i-bl, a. that may be heard.— oc?!?. 
audibly. [of hearers. I 

audienee, fidM-ens, n. a hearing ; an assembly! 

audit, ad'it, v.t. to adjust accounts by au- 
thority.— w. an authorized adjustment of 

auditor, M'it-^r, n. a hearer ; one appointed 
to audit accounts. 

auditorium, M-it-O'ri-nm^ n. that part of a 
public building occupied hj the audience. 

auditory, ad'it-9-ri, a. pertaining to the sense 
of hearing.— w. an audience. 

aufor, &'g9r, 

n. a tool e^=issssssss- 

for boring 

holes. Auger. 

aught, at, n. anything, 
augment, fig-ment% v.t. and v.i. to increase. 
augmentation, llg-ment-ft'shun, n. act of in- 
creasing ; something added. 
augur, a'gur, n. a diviner • a soothsayer. 
augur, S'gur, v.t. to foretell from signs.— t>.t. 

to gue«s or anticipate. 
augury, &'gyu-ri, n. an omen. [year.] 

August, ft'gnsl, n. the eighth month of the| 
august, a-gust', a. majestic ; imposing. 
auk, ak, n. a northern div- 
ing bird, 
aunt, ftnt, n. a father's or 

mother's sister ; uncle's 

wife. [to the ear.] 

auraL &'ral, a. pertaining| 
anriele, a'ri-kl, n. the outer 
^ear ; one of the two 
'smaller cavities of the 

anrieula, fi-rik'yu-lft, n. a 

species of pjrimrose. 
anneular, a-rik'yu-l^r, a 

pertaining to the ear ; 

spoken in the ear. 
auriferous, &-rir^-rus, a. 'p^^ 

yielding gold, 
auinst, ^'rist, n. one who Auk. 

treats diseases of the 

ear. [the dawning light. 

■nrera, ft-rO^r^, n. the goddess of morning ; 

aurora borealis, fi-rO'rft bo-r^-fi'lis, or -fil-, n. 
the northern light. 

auspiee, fis'pis, n. an omen.— 77/. anspiees, 
patronage ; countenance. 

auspieiouB, lus-pish'us, a. ominous of good ; 
fortunate.— o^t?. auspieiously.- ;i. auspi- 
eiousness. [nets. I 

auster^ Ss-tSr', a. harsh ; severe.— n. austne-| 

austerity, Ss-ter'i-ti, n. harshness ; severity 
of manners ; harsh discipline. 

austraL &s'tr^l, a. southern. 

authentic, fi-then'tik, a. genuine ; trust- 
worthy.— ac^o. authentieally. 

authentieate, &-then'ti-kat, v.t. to make or 
prove authentic— n. authentica'tion. 

authentioity, a-then-tis'i-ti, n. genuineness. 

author, a'thpr, n. one who produces ; an 
originator ; the writer of a book. 

authorise, -ise fi'thpr-Iz, v.t. to furnish with 
authority.— 72. authorisa'tion. 

authority, a-thor'i-ti, n. power ; sway ; rule ; 
source ; permission.—]^, authoritus, prece- 
dents ; weighty opinions.— a. authorita- 
tiye. [anautlior.l 

autiiorship, fi'thor-ship, n. the state of being] 

autobiographer, a-to-bi-og'r^-f?r, n. one who 
relates his own life. 

autobiography, a-tp-bi-og'r^fi, n. the narra- 
tion of one's own life.— a. autoUograph'ic, 

autocracy, S-tok'r^si, n. absolute govern- 
ment.— a. autooraVic. 

autocrat, a'tp-krat, n. an absolute sovereign. 

auto^pji, fii't<;)-graf, n. a person's own hand- 
writing or signature.— a. autographic. 

automatic, a-tp-mat'ik, a. like an automaton ; 

automaton, S-tom'^-tpn, n. a machine which 
imitates the actions of a living being, or 
regulates itself.— />;. automatons or autom- 

autonomy, fi-ton'9-mi, n. self-government. 

autopsy, a'top-si, n. the examination of a 
body after death. [printing. I 

autotype, fi'tp-tlp, n. kind of photographic | 

autumn, S'tum, n. the third season 01 the 
year.— a. antum'naL 

auxiliaries, ag-zil'y^riz, n.j^. troops aiding 
the forces of another nation. 

auxiliary, &^-zil'y^ri, a. helping * assisting. 
—n. a helper • a verb that helps in the 
conjugation of another. 

avail, a-val', v.t. to aid ; benefit.— ».i. to be 
of use ; to serve.- t;.r. to take advantage 
of .—71. benefit ; service. 

available, ^-vSl'a-bl, a. that may be used to ad- 
vantage.— ac^t;. availably.— n. availabil'ity. 

avalanche, av-^lftnsh', av'a-lansh. n. a fall- 
ing or gliding mass of snow or ice. 

Use, rftle, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, thQ ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

d by Google 

Digitized b 




ftyariee, av'-^ris, n. excessive love of gain, 
ftvuioioni, av-^-rish'us, a. covetous ; miserly. 

—(tdv. ayuidoiuly.— n. a>yurieiouneM. 
ftTut, ft-vSst', int. hold ! stop ! 
ftTwmt, ft-vftnt', or -&nt', int. begone I 
Ave, ftv'a or a'vS, n. a prayer to the Virgin, 

beginning Ave^ Maria. 
ftvenge, ft-venj', v.t. to take vengeance or 

satisfaction for. 
Kvenger, a-venj'^r, n. one who avenges, 
kvenne, av'e-nfl, n. a way ; alley of trees ; 

wide street, 
fcver, a-ver', v.t. to declare true ; affirm, 
average, ftv'^r-aj, n. a mean proportion ; pro- 
portional distribution.— a. containing a 

mean proportion.— t?.^ to fix an avera^. 
avennent, a-ver'ment, n. positive affirmation, 
averse, ft-vers', a. turned away ; disinclined ; 

reluctant.— adv. avenely. 
averaioii, ^vSr'shun, n. dislike, 
avert, ft-vert', v.t. to turn away ; to prevent, 
aviary, ft'vi-^r-ri, n. a place where birds are 

avidify, ft-vid'i-ti, n. eagerness. 
avoeaaon, av-9-ka'shun, n. occupation other 

than one's principal business ; calling. 
avoid, ft-void', v.t. to keep away from ; to 

avddable, §-void'^-bl, a. that may be avoided, 
avoidanee^ §-void'ans, n. the act of avoiding, 
avoirdapou, av-^r-dyu-poiz', a. or n. a weight 

of which the pound contains 16 ounces, or 

7,000 grains, 
avouch, a- vouch', v.t. to avow ; to affirm, 
avow, ft-vou', v.t. to declare openly ; to own. 
avowal, ft-voii'al, n. a frank declaration ; a 

confession. [for. I 

await, ft-wftt', v.t. to wait for ; to be in store] 
awake, ft-wftk', v.t. to arouse from sleep or 

inaction.— tJ.i. to cease sleeping.— />.<. 

awaked or awoke.— p./?. awaked, 
awake, a-wak', a. not sleeping. 
awakeiL a-wftk'n, v.t. to awake, 
awakening, ft-wftk'n-ing, awaking, a-wak'- 

ing, n. a rousing from sleep, 
award, a-waid'j v.t. to adjudge.— w. a judg- 
ment ; decision, [scions. I 
aware, a- war', a. watchful ; apprised ; con-| 
*way, a-wa', adv. at a distance : absent.— 

int. begone ! [with awe, I 

awe, a, w. reverential ie&r.—v.t. to Btrike| 
awfol, a'ful, a. inspiring awe; terrible.— 

adv. awfully.— /}. awfUnesa. 
awhile, a-whir, adv. for a time, 
awkward, ak'ward, a. clumsy ; unskilful ; 

inconvenient.— odp. awkwardly.— n. awk- 

awl, ai, n. a pointed tool for piercing leather 

or wood. 

awn^ an, n. the beard of ^in. [the snn.l 

awning, an'ing, n. a covering to shelter from| 

awry, a-rl', a. or adv, crooked; to one 
side ; uneven. 

aze, aks, n. a tool for chopping. 

ami, aks'i-^, a. pertaining to, or revolving 
about, an axis. [tion.— a. aziomat'ie.1 

axiom, aks'i-^m, n. a self-evident propoei-l 

azia, aks'is, n. the line on which a oody re- 
volves.—;?/, azoi, aks'Sz. 

axle, aks'l. axle-tree, aks'l-tr6, n. the shaft 
on which a wheel turns. 

Vfy or aye, ai, adv. yes. 

ajre, a, adv. always ; ever. 

aiimath, az'i-mutti, n. angular distance from 
the north or south point of the horizon. 

aiote, az'Otra. nitrogen.— a. aiot'M; ai'etiied. 

amre, azh'ur or a'znur, a. clear blue.— n. a 
clear blue color ; the sky. 

aiym, aiyme, az'im, n. unleavened bread. 

B, b, be, second letter of the alphabet. 

bM. ba, v.i. to cry or bleat like a sheep. — n. 

the bleat of a sneep. 
babble, bab'l, v.t. and ».i. to talk childishly ; 

prate.- w. silly prattle, 
babbler, bab'l^r, n. one who babbles. 
babe, bab, baby, ba'bi, n. an infant ; a child. 

—a. babyish, 
babel, l)a'Del, n. confnsion ; confused clamor. 
*^ *^ bab-dbn', 

n. a la 


arge mon- 
key of Asia 

and Africa, 
babyhood, ba'bi- 

hud, n. state of 

being a baby ; 


k^-ia're-^t, n. 

the degree or 

position of a 

Bachelor of Arts. 
baoearat, bak'ar-a^ n. a game of cards. 
* Mhual, bak'a-n^l, n. a devotee of Bac- 
chus ; a drunlcen reveller. 
baeehanaluL bak-an-al'ya, feasts in 

honor of Bacchus ; revels. 
baoehanalian, bak-an-al'y^n, a, pertaining to 

revels or to wine-ilrinking. 
baoehie, bak'ik, a. pertaining to Bacchus or 

wine ; festive. 
bachelor, bach'g-l^r, n. an unmarried man : 

one who has taken the first degree at a 

bacillus, ba-siriis, of a genus of bacteria. 

ace, air, add, arm, ask, ail, visage ; sfivSre, ebb, h6r, mak^r ; Ice, inn ; Od<;>r, ox, Off» 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 




bMk, bak, n. the hinder part of the body in 
man, and the upper part in animals ; the 
Te&T.—adv. toward the rear ; in an oppo- 
site direction. 

bMlk, bak, v.t. to put backward ; get on the 
back of ; stand at the back of ; sustain.— 
vA. to go backward. 

baddiite, bak'bit, v.t. to slander an absent 
person.— n. baeklnter ; baekUtiiig. 

baekbone, bak'bOn^ n. the spinal column. 

baoktr, bak'^r, n. one who aids or abets ; 
one who wagers on. 

baekeamiDon, bak-gam'9n, n. a game played 
with dice and pieces on a board. 

baelqErtimd, bak'ground, n. ground in the 
rear ; part of a picture which seems to 
extend behind the figures. 

^^h^t«Aia, bak'hand-^, a. or adv. with the 
hand turned backward. 

bftdting, bak'ing, n. motion backwards ; a 
support behind ; support. 

baek-tei, bak'set^ n. a check to advance or 

taucsllde, bak'slld', v.i. to fall away in mor- 
als or religion.— n. iMteks l i d ar ; baeksliding. 

kMkwtrd, l»Mkwwd8, bakV^rd, -z, adv. to 
the rear ; with the hinder part in advance. 

kMkwtrd, bak'w^rd, a. behind ; unwilling ; 
slow.— dk^v. bftckwardly.— n. baekwardnMS. 

bMkwoodi, bak'wudz, wild districts far 
from populous regions. [and dried. I 

teeon, bak'n, n. ho^s flesh cured with salt) 

baetariiun, bak-t6'n-um, n. a minute organ- 
ism propagated in decomposing organic 
substances.— »/. baeteria. 

baet«riok»nr, bak't6-ri-ol'o-ji, n. the science 
which treats of bacteria. 

bad, bad, a. not good ; evil ; wicked ; hurt- 
ful.— arft). badly.— n. badnesa. 

bada,bad./?.<. ofm 

badge, baj, n. a mark of distinction. 

Mgar, baj'^rj n 
a burrowing 
to worry or 

badinage, bad'i- 
nftzh, n. play- -^^>«fl«r^-^ 

ful talk. RftdspA 

biiffle. baf'l, v.t Badgei^ 

to elude or defeat by artifice ; frustrate. 

bttf, bag, n. a sack or pouch.— t;.^ to put 
into a bag.— t7.i. to swell out like a bag. 

bagiteUe. bag-&-tel', n. a trifle; a game 
played with balls on a table. [luggage. I 

bscgage, bag'^j, n. the luggage of an army ;| 

HgfiBff. bag'ing, n. cloth for bags. 

ba|K7, bagM, a. swelling out or hanging 
Tike a bag. 

bapipe, bag'pip, n. a wind 

instrument composed of 

pipes and a bag. 
bau, bftl, n. one who gives 

security for another's ap- , 

pearance at court ; the 

sum given as security, 
bail, bftl, v.t. to give bail ; 

release on bail. 
bailiff, bftl 'if, n. a sheriff's 

officer ; an agent or stew- Bagpipe. 

bailiwiek, bal'i-wik, n. the jurisdiction of a 

bait, bat, n. food put on a hook to entice 

fish ; allurement ; 8lig:ht repast. 
baii, bftt, v.t. to fix a bait ; allure by a bait ; 

^ve food to. 
baiie, bftz, n. a rough woollen stuff, 
bake, bftk, v.t. to dry or harden by heat : 

prepare food in an oven. [bake. 

baker, bftk'^r, n. one whose business is to| 
bakery, bak'^r-i, n. a place where baking is 

baking, bftk'ing, n. the quantity baked at 

once ; a batch, 
balanoe, bal'ains, n. an instrument for weigh- 
ing ; equality ; difference between two 

sides of an account, 
balanoe, bal'^ns, v.t. to weigh ; to make 

equal ; to settle an account.— ».i. to be 

equal ; to hesitate. 
baleony, bal'kp-ni, n. a fenced platform out- 
side a window, 
bald, b&ld, n. without hair ; bare ; una- 
dorned.— ^<i». baldly.— n. baldneu. 
balderdash, bai'd^r-dash, n. idle, senseless 

baldrio, bftld'rik, n. a belt worn obliquely 

across the breast, 
bale, bftl, n. a pack of goods.— v.t. to pack 

in a bale, 
bale, bal, v.t. and v.i. to dip out water, 
bale, bftl, n. calamity ; misery ; ruin, 
balenil^ bsl'fiil, a. ruinous ; destructive ; 

balk, bftk, v.t. to frustrate ; to disappoint.— 

v.i. to hesitate ; refuse. [hinarance.l 

balk, bak, ?i. a disappointment ; failure ; | 
balky, bak'i, a. apt to stop, or go sideways, 

as a horse, 
ball, bai, n. a round body ; bullet, 
ball, bai, v.i. to gather into balls. 
ball, bai, n. an entertainment of dancing. 
ballad, bal'lad, n. a popular song, 
ballaii, bal Mast, n. weight to steady a ship. 

— v.t. to steady with oallast. 
ballet, baPia, or -let, n. a theatrical scene 

performed by dancing. 

dbse; ttoe, rflle, pull, up; oil, out; thin, thB; get, jet; kin, sin; chip, az(zh)ure. 

^ Digitized by VjOOQIC 




balloon, b^-lobn', n. bag filled with gas to 

make it ascend. 
ballot, bal'l^t, n. ball or ticket 

used in voting. — v.i. to vote by 

balm, bam, n. an aromatic plant ; 

anything that relieves pain, 
balm, bam, v.t. to apply balm to ; 

to alleviate. 
balmy, bSm'i, a. having the quali- Balloon. 

ties of balm ; fragrant ; soothing, 
balsam, bSl'sam, n. substance flowing from 

certain trees ; a healing ointment ; a kind 

of tree.— a. balsamic, 
baluster, bal'us-t^r, n. a support to the rail 

of a stair ; a small column, 
balastrado, bal'us-trad, n. a row of balusters 

supporting a rail, 
bamboo, bam-bdb\ tK a 

large reed grciwiuy^ 

in tropical conn- 

bamboo lie, bum- 

Ix^'zl, v.t. til de- 
ban, ban, n. a pnio- 

lamation ; iiiitr- 

dict ; curse, 
ban, ban, v.t. anit ?./. 

to curse. 
banana, ba-nan'n. h, 

the plantain rrr* , 

or its fruit. 
band, band, n. that Bamboo. 

which binds ; a flexible strip ; striix? ; 

company ; company of musicians.— t?.^. 

and v.i. to unite, 
bandage, band'^j, n. a strii) of cloth used for 

binding.— t?.^. to bind with a bandage. 
bandanna, ban-dan'^, n. kind of spotted 

bandbox, band'boks, n. a slight paper box 

for ribbons, bonnets, etc. 
bandit, ban'dit, n. an outlaw ; robber.— p^. 

bandits or bandit'tL 
bandy, ban'di, n. a bent club for striking a 

ball.— i\^. to beat to and fro ; to retort. 
bandylegged, ban'di-legd, a. having crooked 

bane, ban, n. poison ; mischief ; destruction, 
baneftil, ban'rul, a. poisonous ; destructive. 
bang, bantr, n. a heavy blow. — v.t. and v.i. 

to strike violently. [head. I 

bang, bang, n. a fringe of hair on the fore-| 
bangle, bang'gl, n. an anklet ; slender brace- 
let, [country ; drive away. I 
banish, ban'ish, v.t. to condemn to leave a{ 
banishment, ban'ish-ment, n. act of banish- 
ing ; state of being banished. 

baiyo, ban'jo, n. a musical instrument of the 

lute class, 
bank, bangk, n. 

a ridge of \ 

earth ;CTOund Banjo. 

rising from a 

river, lake, etc.— v.t. to raise a bank, 
bank, bangk, n. an establishment where 

money is deposited. — v.i. to put money in 

a bank. 
banker, bangk'^r, n. one who keeps a bank, 
banknote, bangk'nOt', n. promissory note is- 
sued by a bank, 
bankrupt, bangk'rupt, n. one who cannot 

pay his debts.— a. insolvent. [vent.l 

bankrupt, bangk'rupt, v.t. to render insol-l 
bankruptey, bangk'rupt-si, n. state of being a 

bankrupt ; failure in trade, [square flag. I 
banner, ban'ner, n. a military standard ; a| 
banquet, bang'kwet, n. a fe&Bt.—v.t. to §ive a 

feast to.— ».i. to feast, [tended marriage. I 
bans, baims, banz, proclamation of m-| 
banshee, ban 'she, n. a kind of phantom or 

fairy. [domestic fowl. I 

bantam, ban't^m, n. a small variety of the] 
banter, ban'ter, v.t. to rally ; to jest at.— n. 

playful raillery, 
bantling, bant'ling, n. an infant, 
baptise, baptise, bap-tlz', v.t. to administer 

baptism ; to christen. 
baptism, bap'tizm, n. use of water, as a sac- 
ramental rite.— a. baptis'mal. 
Baptist, bap'tist, n. one who baptizes ; one 

who holds only to baptism by immersion, 
baptistery, bap'tis-t^r-i, n. a place for baptiz- 
bar, bar, n. a rod : hindrance ; movable rail 

in a fence ; inclosed space in a tavern or 

court-room ; a tribunal; division in music: 

bank in a river. [collectively, 

bar, bar, n. the legal profession ; lawyers! 
bar, bar, v.t. to fasten with a bar ; to hinder ; 

to exclude, 
barb, barb, n. a beard-like lateral point ; a 

Barbary horse.— i;.^. to arm with barbs, 
barbuian, bar-ba'ri-an, a. rude ; savage.— «. 

barbarian. frians.l 

barbarie, bar-bar'ik^ a. pertaining to barba-l 
barbarism,^ar'b^r-izm, n. savageness; an 

incorrect form of speech, 
barbarity, bar-bar'i-ti, n. savageness; cruelty, 
barbarous, bar'bg-r-us, a. rude ; savage.— orfv. 

barbarously.— n. barbarousness. 
barbecue, bar'be-kll, n. an animal roasted 

whole ; a feast so provided.— ».^. to roast 

barbel, bar'bel, n. a fresh-water flsh. 
buber, bar'b^r, n. one who shaves beards, 
barcarole, bark'a-rOl, n. a boatman^s song. 

See, air, add, arm, ftsk, ail, visage ; sgvei-e, ebb, her, mak^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, 6fE, 

d by Google 

Digitized b 




hui. bftrd, n. a Celtic minstrel : a poet.— a. 

tee, bar, p.t. of bear. 

bare, bar, a. naked ; plain ; poor ; mere.— 
v.t. io lay open ; expose.— arf». barely.— ». 

barebacked, bar'bakt, a. and adv. with the 
back bare ; without a saddle. 

bare&teed, bar' fast, a. with the face exposed; 
shameless.— tik/r. bare&eedly.— n. barefseed- 

barefoet, bar'f ut, a. with the feet bare. 

bargain, bar'gen, n. agreement ; trafficking ; 
the thing boaght or sold.— «.i. to make a 
contract ; to chaffer. ■ 

barp^e, bSrj, n. a large row-boat. 

baritone, bar'i-tOn, n. a voice between bass 
and tenor. [strip bark from.] 

bark, bftrk, n. the rind of a tree.— v.^. to| 

baric, bftrk, n. the noise made by a dog.— p.i. 
to make a noise like a dog. 

bark, barque, bftrk, 
n. a small ship ; a 
three-masted ves- 
sel with fore-and- 
aft-rigged miz- 

barkeeper, bftr'kep- 
^r, n. one who 
serves liqnors at 
a bar. 

barkentine, bftrk'en- 
tln, n. a three- 
masted vessel with square-rigged foremast. 

barley, bar'li, n. a kind of grain used for 
making malt. 

barm, bfirm, n. yeast.— a. barmy. [a bar. I 

barmaid, bar'mSd, n. female who serves at| 

bam, bSm, n. building in which grain, 
hay, ct<;., arc stored. 

banade, bftr'n^kl, n. shell-fish which ad- 
heres to the bottoms of ships. 

barometer, bft-rom'e-t^r, n. 
instrument for measuring 
the weight of the atmos- 
phere.— a. baromet'rieaL 

baron, bar'pn, n. a grade of 
nobility next below a vis- 
count.— /«w. baroness.— a. 

baronage, bar'<?n-aj, n. the 
whole body of barons or 

baronet, bar'9-net, n. a title 
of honor, ranking below a baron. 

barenetcT, bar'p-net-si, n. rank of u baronet. 

barony, bar'p-ni, n. territory of a baron. 

baronehe, ba-rdbsh^ n. a four-wbeeled car- 
riage with falling top. 


barraek, bar'^k, n. a building in which sol- 
diers are lodged ; shelter for hay. 

barrel, bar'el, n. a cylindrical vessel made of 
staves ; tube of a gun ; anything long and 
hollow.— v.^. to put into a oarrel. 

barren, bar'^n, a. unfruitful ; sterile.— w. a 
tract of poor land. 

barrenness, bar'^n-nes, n. unfniitfulness. 

barrieade, bar-i-kad', n. an obstruction ; a 
hastily erected fortification.— t?.^ to ob- 
struct ; to fortify. [boundary.! 

barrier, bar'i-^r, n. a defence ; obstruction ;| 

barrister, bar'i8-t<^r, n. a lawyer who pleads 
at the bar. 

barrow, bar'O, n. a carriage borne or pro- 
pelled by hand ; a mound. 

barter, bftr'ter, v.t. to give one thing for an- 
other.— t;.i. to traffic by exchange.— n. 
traffic by exchange. [rock.— a. Muwltie. I 

basalt bft-sftlt', n. a hard, dark, columnar| 

base, dSs, basis, bft'sis, n. foundation ; ped- 
estal ; support ; chief in^edient. 

base, bSs, a. low ; mean ; vile.— adv. basely. 
— n. baseness. 

base, bfis, r.i. to place on a basis ; found. 

base-ball, bfts'bai, n. a game played with bat 
and ball. [born. I 

boHL bas'bOm, a. illegitimate ; low-| 
ess, Dfls'les, a. without foundation. 

bfis'ment, n. the story of a house 
on, or partly below, the ground. 

bashaw, bash-a', see pasha. 

bashftil, bash'ful, a. easily abashed ; shy. 
adv. bashfdly.— n. baehndness. 

, bSs'ik, a. pertaining to, or of the 
nature of, a base. 

basilj baz'il, n. an aromatic herb. 

basilisk, bazMl-isk, n. a fabulous kind of 
serpent ; species of iguana. [a pond. I 

basin, bas'n, n. a wide, open vessel ; a oock ;| 

basis, bas'is, n. base ; foundation ; chief in- 
gredient, [shine. I 

bask, bftsk, v.i. to lie in the warmth or sun-| 

basket, bfts'ket, n. a vessel made of inter- 
woven twigs or fibres. 

bas-relief, bas'rg-ief, n. see baeso-rilievo. 

bass, bfts, n. a species of fish ; a tree, and its 
pliable bark. 

bass, has, w. the lowest part in music. 

basso-rilievo, bas'o-rg-lg-a'vo, w. sculpture or 
carving projecting but slightly from its 
grouna. [ment of low tone. I 

»on, bas-sdbn', n. a musical wind-instni- 
viol, has' vl'91, 11. stringed instrument 
which plays the bass part. 

bast, b^t, n. bark of the bass and linden ; 
bass cords and mats. 

bastard, bfts'tard, n. a child born out of wed- 
lock—a. illegitimate ; spurious. 

(ft)ze ; Use, rflle, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, the ; get, jet ; 

kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 
Digitized by LjOOQIC 




baitardy, b^'t^r-di, ,n. state of being a 

bMte, bSst, v.i. to fasten slightly with 

stitches ; to beat ; to drip fat upon. 
bMiinado, bas-tin-ft'do, n. a beating with a 

cadgel, esp. on the soles of the feet. — v.t. 

to fc^t with a cudgel. 
iMtstion, bast'yun, n. a mass of earth or ma- 

sonry jutting 

from a rampart, 
btl bat, n. a club 

for Btriliing a 

bat, bat, n. a flying 

uTtS^ bat, 

bathing, n. cotton in sheets as for quilting. 
iMtdi, batch, n. a quantity baked, or made, 

at once, 
tefce, bftt, v.t. to abate ; lessen * dednct. 
bateaa, ba-to' n. a flat-bottomed boat, 
bath, b&th, n. a place or vessel to wash the 

body in ; the act of bathing ; immersion, 
batiie, b{UA, v.t. to wash or moisten.— t7.i. to 

wash the body. 
bathos, bfl'thos (prop, bath^os), a sinking in 

style ; the opposite of sublimity. 
batML bat'pn, n. a staff ; club ; mace, 
battalion, b^-tal'yun, n. a bodv of infantry, 
batten, bat'n, v.t. to feast or fatten, 
batten, bat'n, n. a strip of board, 
batter, bat'^r, v.t. and v.i. to beat repeatedly • 

beat down . [th in paste . 

batter, bat'^r, n. ingredients beaten into a| 
batter, bat'^r, n. one who holds the bat in 

games of ball, [beam for battering walls. I 
btttering-nun, bat'^r-ing-ram, n. a lai^l 
battery, bat'^r-i, n. the act of beating ; a line 

of cannon ; the place on which cannon 

are mounted ; an electrical apparatus. 
battle, bat'l, n. afight: combat.—?)./, and v.i 

to fight ; to contend, 
battledore, bat'1-dOr, n. a light bat : a toy. 
battlement, batM-ment, n. a low wall or para- 
pet witli embrasures, 
battne, bat'tfi, n. a hunt of game by driving 

together. [toy.l 

banUe, bawble, bfi'bl, n. a trifle ; gewgaw ;| 
bawl, bai, v.i. to shout ; bellow, 
bay, bfl, a. dark reddish brown, 
bay, ba, v.i. to cry as a dog at chase. 
bay, bft, n. an arm of the sea ; gulf ; recess. 
bay, bft, n. the Eni'opean laurel tree, 
bayonet, bft'9-net, n. a blade fixed to the end 

of a musket.— ».<. to stab with a bayonet, 
bayon, bft'db, bi'db, n. offshoot from a river 

or lake, forming a separate stream, 
bay-nun, bft'rum', n. an aromatic alcoholic 


bay-window, bft'wind'p, n. a projecting win- 
banr, bft-xilr' n. a market-place for mer- 
chandise, [quality.—/?./. mM.—p.p. been.! 
be, be, v.i. to exist ; to have any state or| 
beaeh, bech, n. shore of a sea or lake, 
beaeh, bech, v.t. to drive or land upon a beach, 
beaeon, bSk'n, n. a signal fire or light; a 

light-house.— »./. to act or serve as a bea- 
bead, bed, n. a little ball strung on thread ; 

globule ; round moulding. [officer. 1 

beadle, bS'dl, n. a crier ; a messenger ; pettyj 
beady, bfid'i, a. composed of, or resembling 

beads. * 

beaele, bS'gl, n. a small hound. 
beO, bek, n. the bill of a bird. 
', bSk'^r, n. a lar^ cup. 
, bem, n. a large piece of timber ; a ray 

of light.— r.i. to send out rays ; to shine. 

—a. Deamy. 
bean, ben, n. the name given to various 

seeds that grow in pods ; a plant that bears 

bear, bar, n. a 

wild'beast ; 

a rude per- 
bear, bar, v.t. to 

carrv ; endure ; 

produce.—;?./, bore. 

—p.p. borne, 
bear, bar, r.t. to 

bring forth 

V o u n g .—p. t. uear. 

wn.—p.p. borne : in pass. bom. 
bear, bar, n. one who speculates in stocks in 

the expectation of a fall in price, 
bearable, bar'^-bl, a. that may be borne ; 

beard, herd, n. hair growing on the face ; a 

barb ; prickle.— r./. to pluck by the 

beard ; oppose to the face, 
bearded, berd'ed, n. having a beard or barb. 
beardloM, berd'les, a. without a beard, 
bearer, oar'^r, n. a person or thing that 

bears ;"a carrier, 
bearinff, bar'ing, n. deportment ; relative 

position"; support to an axle, 
bearish, bar'ish, a. like a bear ; rude.— arfr. 

beanshly. [beartly. 

*, best, n. an irrational animal.— a.| 
. bet, v.t. to strike repeatedly ; overcome. 

—v.i. to give repeated strokes.— p./. beat. 

—p.p. beaten. [a watchman or patrol. I 

beat, bet, n. a repeated stroke ; the round of| 
beanfr, be-at'i-fr, v.t. to make happy.— a 

beatirie.— n. beatiflea'tien. [chastisement. I 
beating, bet'ing, n. a succession of blows ;| 

See, air, add, ftrm, §sk, ftll, visage ; sgvere, ebb, h6r, mftk^r ; Ice, inn ; Od^r, ox, Off, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 





beititade, bS-at'i-tGd, n. blessednees. 
bsu, bo, n. a dressy, or gallant man ; a 
lover.— />/. beftoz, bOz. [ard of perfection.! 
b0M-ida«l, bf>-I-de'^l, n. an imaginary 8tand-| 
btAstMnu, btl'tfi-us, a. fall of beaaty. 
bMskAil, btl'ti ful, a. full of beaaty • fair.— 
adv. beaatiflilly. [adorn. | 

bMWtify, btl'ti-fl, v.t. to make beautiful ;| 
btanty, btl'ti, n. that which charms the eye ; 
any grace or excellence ; a beautifol per- 
bMTtr, bC'v^r, n. a fur-boflring 
animal ; its fur ; a hnt : 
visor of a helmet. 
beealm, be-kftm^ v.t. cn 
make calm; detain U>r 
want of wind. 
beouM, be-kftm% p.t. 

of beeoBM. 
beesoM, be-k&z, con. 
for the reason that, 
bee^ bek, n. a sign 

with the hand or head, [the hand or head. I 
beekon, bek'n,t;./. and v.i. tc make a sign withj 
beeome, be-kum', v.i. to come to be ; to be 
made,— t?.^ to suit or befit.— j?./. beeaiiM.— 
p.p. beeome. [gr&ceful.—adv. beeomingly. I 
btoomiaj:, be-kum'ing, a. suitable ; proper ; | 
bed, bed, n. a place or article to sleep on ; 
place on which anything rests ; layer ; 
space allotted to plants ; stratum of rock, 
bed, bed, v.t. to put in a bed ; lay in layers : 
lay down. [bling. 

bedabble, be-dab'l, v.f. to wet or soil by dab- 
bedaab, oe-d&b', v.t. to daub or smear. 
bedebAmber, bed'chAm-b^r, n. chamber con- 
taining a bed ; sleeping apartment. 
bedding, oed'ing, n. materials or coverings 
for a bed. 

^ b€-dek', v.t. to adorn. 

, be-dtl', v.t. to moisten as with dew. 

liow, bed'fel-0, w. one who sleeps in the 

same bed with another. 

, be-dim', v.t. to make dim. 
, be-diz'n, v.t. to dress out with finery, 
bed'l^m, n. a mad-house ; place of 
*" " , bed'lam-It, n. a madman. 

_ ^ be-drag'l, v.t. to soil by dn , 
on tBe ground. [leave the 

bedrid, bedridden, bed'rid, -n, a. unable 
beditead, bed'sted, n. frame for a bed. 
bee, be, an insect that collects honey and 

makes wax. 
beeeh. b€ch, n. a forest-tree.— a. beeehen. 
beet bSf, n. the flesh of homed cattle. [ing.I 
beefiteak, bSf'stak, n. slice of beef for broil 


, bC'hlv, n a box or case in which 
bees build their combs. 

J and hops.! 
leof r ' ' 

bin, p.p. of bo. 

bSr, n. fermented liquor made of malt| 
', ber'i, a. like beer ; affected by beer, 
beeewaz, bSz'waks, n. wax made by bees, 
beet, bet, n. a garden vegetable with a 

fleshy root. 
b«€tle bP'tl n. a wooden mallet. [cases.] 
bectli' M,: i n. an insect with hard wing-j 
bectli^, fi^ II v.i. to jut or hang over. 
bei««, 1rC\ K. cattle ; oxen. 
bfifaU, hr fill', v.t. to happen to.— v.i. to 
hiti>pt'M p. ^ befell.— J9./7. befldleiL [to.! 
b«fll, ln' iL^ v.t. to fit ; become ; be suitabk'l 
befool, Ih iift)l', v.t. to make a fool of; 

ill-,'. ■!¥.■. 

before, \'rU'vf\prp. in front of; in presence 
of ; iu preference to ; previous to.— arf«?. in 
front ; previously. [anticipation. I 

beforehand be-fOr'hand, adv. previously ; in| 

befriend, be-frend', v.t. to act as a friend to. 

beg, beg, v.t. to entreat ; beseech.- ij.i. to ask 

began, be-gan', ;?./. of begin. 

beget, be-get', v.t. to generate; produce.—;?./. 
begit or begot- ;;.^. begettoi or begot 

beggar, beg'^r, n. one who begs ; one who 
lives by begging. — v.t. to reduce to beg- 
gary, [garlineu. I 

beggarly, beg'ar-li, a. poor ; mean.— n. beg-| 

beg^arr, beg';3ir-i, n. extreme poverty. 

be^u, be-gin', v.i. to come into being ; orig- 
inate ; enter upon something new.— v.t. 
to enter upon ; commence.—;;./, began.— 
p.p. begun. [novice. I 

beginner, be-gin'^r, n. one who begins; a| 

beginning, be-gin'ing, n. the first cause, act, or 
state ; commencement. 

begone, be-gOn', ifnp. go away ; depart. 

begonia, be-gO'ni-a, w. a genus of plants with 
showy leaves and fiowers. (amuse. 

begnile, be-gll', v.f. to deceive with guile ; to 

befnilement, be-gll'ment, w. the act of beguil- 

began, be-gun', p.p. of begin. 

behalf, be-nfif , n. account ; sake ; cau^c;. 

behave, be-hav', v.r. and v.i. to conduct oneV 
self ■ to act. 

behavior, be-hav'yur, n. manner of behaving ; 
conduct : demeanor. 

behead, be-hed', r.f. to cut off the head. 

beheld, beheld', p.t. and p.p. of behold. 

beheit, be-hest', n. a command. 

behindL be-hInd',7>/7?. or adv. at the back of ; 
in the rear. [ward ; in arreara.l 

behindhand, be-hlnd'hand, a. or adr. back- 1 

behold, be-hold'. r.f. to see.— v.i. to look.— 
p.t. and p.p. beheld. 

beholden, be-hold'n, a. indebted, [spectator.! 

beholder, be-hold'^r, n. one who beholds ; a| 

<A]0se; tisc, rfile, pull, up; oil, out; thin, thB; 

get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zli)ure. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



behoof, be-hdbf , n. profit ; advantage ; ac- 
count, [for, or the duty of. I 
behove, behoove, be-hdbv', v.t. to be necessary! 
boing^ beting, n. existence ; anything that 

belabor, be-lft'bpr, v.t. to beat soundly, 
belated, be-lfit'^, a. too late ; behind time. 
belay, be-la^ v.t. to make fast, as a rope, 
belaying-^ be-la'ing-pin, n. pin on which 

a rope is wound, 
beleh, belch, v.i. to eject wind from the 

stomach.— f.^ to throw out violently.— n. 

the act of belching. [old woman. I 

beldam, beldame, bel'diijkm, n. a hag ; wicked | 
beleaffiier,be-ieg'^r, v.t. to besiege, 
belfry, bel'fri, n. tower, or that part of a 

tower in which bells are hung, 
belie, be-U', v.t. to give the lie to ; show to 

be false ; speak falsely of. 
belief, be-lef ', n. persuasion of the truth ; that 

which is believed ; faith. 
beliere, be-lSv', v.t. to regard as true ; credit. 

— v.i. to have faith, 
believer. be-l€v'^r, n. one who believes. 
bolL bel, n. a hollow vessel of metal which 

nngs when struck ; anything shaped like 

a bell. [woman. I 

belle, bel, n. a beautiful or much-admired] 
belles-lettref, bel-let'tr, n. pi. the literature of 

taste and imagination. [war. | 

MlieofO, bel'i-kns, a. warlike ; inclined to| 
belligerent, bel-lij'^r-ent, a. engaged in war. 

— n. a nation at war. 
bell-motal, bel'met-1 (or met-9.1), n. an alloy 

of copper and tin, of which bells are made, 
bellow. Del'O, v.i. to low like a bull ; make a 

loud outcry.— ». a roaring, 
bellowi, bel'pz, n. an 

instrument to 

blow with. 
belly, bel'i, n. that 

part of the body 

which contains Bellows. 

the bowels, 
belong, be-16ng', v.i. to be the property of ; 

pertain to. 
beloved, be-luvd', a. loved ; dear. 
beloWi be-lO', adv. in a lower place.— 7>;7>. 

under; beneath, 
belt, belt, n. a girdle or band, 
belvedere, bel'vg-der', n. part of a building 

constructed to command a view, 
bemoan. be-mOn', v.t. to lament ; bewail. 
beneh. bench, n. a long seat ; a judge's seat ; 

body of judges. 
beneh-ihow, bench'sho, n. an exhibition of 

dogs and other animals. 
bend, bend, v.t. to curve ; incline ; subdue. 

—n. a curve or crook.— p.^ and p.p. bent 

, be-n6th', prp. under ; lower than. — 
adv. below. 

benedietion, ben-^-dik'shun, n. a blessing. 

benefaOtion, ben-$-fak'shun, n. a benefit con- 
ferred ; charitable gift [a benefit.! 

benefMtor, ben-e-fak'tpr, n. one who confers} 

benefioe, ben^g-fis, n. a church-living. 

benefieed, ben'g-fist, a. having a benefice. 

benefloenee, ben-ef'i-sens, n. active goodness; 
bounty.— a. benefieeni— aeift?. benraoently. 

benefleial, ben-€-fish'al, a. conferring benefit ; 
useful ; advantageous. — adv. benefleially. 

ben-g-fish'i-^-ri, n. one who holds 

a benefice ; one who receives a benefit. 
benefit, ben'g-fit, n. a favor ; advantage.— «;.^. 

to do good to.— t?.i. to receive good from ; 

profit by. 
benevoleneo, ben-ev'9-lens, w. disposition to 

do good.— a. benevolent -a(;;&. benevolently, 
benighted, be-nlt'^d, a. overtaken bv night : 

involved in darkness. [benignly. 

benign. i^'-TiTrr. ft. ktiKlly ; yjm]>ltimir'. — adv.\ 
b^mi^naDt, \ii--\\\i:\\'Ai\i. u. kiqd ; ^acious : 

f ;i w ^ I : L I hh ^ - ri dv, hftBigBM ^ly [4^101 ISUess. I 

benignity r lu^-iilt:'iii-tt. n, kmdiix'j^N: ; gra-| 

bent, f^'tji^ n, u I'li^rve jp'^i^ or itc^ig^^ 
bent tu-nt, ft. Ij^ntiiHiry'; htt^lltmtimi. 
bfentuab, bu-iiiuii', vM to m^ke tiuinb ; de- 

]iihv I if fi.dinjk'. 
benfint. I'm^'H'^Suh v. uii JiiJlammAblt^ liquid 

.ijtiTllfM from ^lemiknim. 
bfluidn^ Exih-xn^Jii^ H. n rrjjgrjii.1t rtf-iilii. 
bfl^ue&th, lic-kwCM', v.t. t<i lejjvo liy will. 
bi)iluEet, ln'-kwe-^t', n. w^Jiifthitig Ifft by will ; 

b«ri»t«, bf-filt^ j^J. to ^tsAil ; vltnjK^mte. 
bereave, (h-tCv'. v f. t« pcib i to deprive of.— 

pj. iiiul itfi. bennwd ur bwtft [loss. I 

bereLVRmeatT iji- r^Vun^rtl, u. deprivation ;| 
bcrg^md^ Id^t wt iin>t n. i\ plant iincl Its per- 

i\nxi\' ; li kind uf ih-nr, 
bcrliiL, 1itfr-liii\ fi^ A Kind of coaoli^ 
bfliry, IJi'i 1. w. ft Hrnftll i4nc;eulent f*nlt 
biftL i^ei'tiL, 71. ii ^ki'ping-pliicf in A ship ; a 

r^lLi^/jt \.\\wv tit uTichot ; a place fir station. 
htrfl^ U'ril. fi.ii. prtcfiiTii* elniif'wf n ^^reenish 

color. \~P-t. and p.p. beaonght I 

be-sCch', v.t. to entreat ; to implore. j 
, be-s6m'. r.i. to become ; befit, 
beeet, be-set', r.t. to surround ; wa,j]&j.^]).t. 

and p.p. beeet. 
beoetting, be-setMng, a. habitually assailing, 
beaide, be-sld', p?p. by the side of • near ; in 

addition to. [addition. I 

boiide, boiidee, be-sld', -z, adv. moreover ; in| 
besiege, be-sCj'. r.t. to lay siege to ; beset. 
' ' be-sCj'^r, ji. one who besieges. 
iKJ-smfir', v.t. to daub over. 

ftce, air, add, arm, {^k, ail, vis^e ; sfiv6re, ebb, her, m&k^r ; Ice, inn ; Od9r, ox, Oflf, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 




^ bS'zpm, n. a broom. 

, be-80t', v.t. to make sottish or stupid. 

besoiight, be-s&t', p.t. and p.p. of beseeeh. 

Kirrptik, be-spSk', v.t. to speak for before- 
liand ; betoken.— /?.^ bMpoke.— p.p. be- 

besMiiier steel, bes'se-mer stei, n. steel made 
by forcing air through melted pig-iron. 

best, best, a. [superlative of s'oorfl most good ; 
most excellent. — adv. [superf. of w€ll\ in 
the best manner, or highest degree. 

bestial, best'yal, a. pertaining to or resem- 
bling a beast; degraded; filthy.— n. bestial'- 
itjr. [quickly or with energy. I 

bestir, be-ster', v.r. to get into action ; move] 

bestow, be-sto', v.t. to give ; to confer. 

bestowal, be-sto'^, n. act of bestowing. 

bestrew, be-strdb', v.t. to scatter over. 

bestride, be-strTd', v.t. to stand or sit, having 
a leg on each side the object. 

bet, bet, v.t. to wager something.— t>.i. to lay 
a wager.— fi. that which is staked ; the 
act of wagering. 

betake, Jbe-tak', v.r. to have recourse to ; set 
about.— p.^ betook.— p.p. betaken. 

fc**i>wilr be-thingk\ v.r. to reflect ; call to 
mind ; recollect ; consider.^?. ^. and p.p. 
bethought. [to happen ; occur. I 

betide, be-tld', v.t. to happen to ; befall. — v.i.\ 

betimes, be-tlmz', adv. early ; in good time. 

betoken, be-t6'kn, v.t. to foreshow ; indicate ; 
to signify. 

betray, be-trft', v.t. to deliver up treacher- 
ously ; be a traitor to ; disclose in breach 
of trust ; entrap ; reveal. 

betrayal, be-trft'^1, n. act of betraying. 

betrayer, be-trft'?r, n. one who betrays. 

betrou, be-troth', v.t. to plight marriage to. 
—n. betrothal, betrothment. 

better, -bet'^r, a. [comparative of good^ more 
good ; superior ; improved. — adv. [comp. 
of weU\ m a superior manner or higher 

better, bet'^r, v.t. to improve ; to benefit. 

betterment, bet^^r-ment, n. improvement. 

betters, bet'^rz, superiors. 

between, betwixt, oe-twSn', bg-twikst', pip. 
in the middle of two ; from one to an- 
other ; common to two. 

bewl, bev'l, n. a slant or inclination not a 
right angle ; instrument for measuring 
angles.— a. having a bevel. — v.t. to form 
wim a bevel. 

bererace, bev'^r-^e, n. liquor for drinking. 

botr, bev'i, n. a nock of birds ; an assem- 

bewtu, be-wal', v.t. to lament ; mourn for. 

beware, be- war', v.t. to regard with distrust. 
—v.t. to be cautious. 

bewilder, be-wil'd^r, v.t. to perplex ; con- 
fuse ; lead astraj[. 
bewilderment, be-wil'd^r-ment, n. state of 

being perplexed or confused, 
bewiteh, be-wich', v.t. to lay a spell or charm 

upon ; to enchant, 
bewitehing, be-wich'ing, a. enchanting ; fas- 
cinating.— a(/v. bewnehingly. 
bey, bft, n. a Turkish governor. 
beyond, be-yond', prp. on the further side of. 

—adv. at a distance, [holds the setting. I 
beiel, bez'el, n. rim or groove of a ring that| 
besiqae, be-z6k', n. a game of cards. 
bias, bl';5is, n. a leaning ; inclination.— «.^. 

to cause to incline in any direction ; to 

Mb. bib, n. a cloth under the chin. 
biboer, bib'^r, n. a drinker ; tippler. 
Bible, bl'bl, n. the book of the Old and New 

Testaments ; the Scriptures. [Bible. I 

MUieal, bib'li-k^l. a. of or relating to thel 
bibliographer, bib-li-og'r^f^r, n. one skilled 

in bibliogi^phy. 
Ubliography, bib-li-og'ra-fi, n. the history or 

knowledge of books.— a. bibliograph'ie. 
bibliomania, bib-li-9-ma'ni-§, n. excessive 

fondness for rare and curious books, 
bibliomaniae, bib-li-^-mS'ni-ak,. n. one pos- 
sessed b^ bibliomania, [absorb. I 
bibnlons, bib'yul-us, a. apt to imbibe or| 
bleeps, brseps, n. large flexor muscle of the 

upper arm. 
bieker, bik'er, v.i. to contend petulantly ; 

squabble ; to quiver or flash about, 
biekering, bik'er-ing, n. altercation, [sides. I 
bi-eoneave, bl'kon'kav, a. concave on bothj 
bi-oonvex, bl'kon'veks, 

a. convex on both 

Ueyele, bl'sik-l, 

vehicle with two l( 

wheels propelled by ^ 

the feet of the rider, 
bieyelist, bl'sik-list, n. 

one who rides a bicycle, 
bid, bid, v.t. to offer ; invite ; command.— 

p.t. bid or bade.— p.p. bid or bidden, 
bid, bid, n. an offer. 

bidder, bid'^r, n. one who bids. [mand.l 

bidding, bid'ing, n. offer; invitation ; com-| 
bide, bid, v.t. and v.i. to remain ; to await, 
biennial, bl-en'ni-al, a. lasting two years ; 

happening once in two years, [the dead, 
bier, D6r, n. carriage or frame for bearing! 
Uftareate, bl-fur'kat, a. having two prongs 

or branches.— ».i. to divide into two 

branches. [division into two branches, 
biftaroation, bl-fur-kft'shun, n. a forking, or 
big, big, a. large ; swollen ; great ; haughty. 


<ft>ase ; Use, rWe, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, tM ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

d by Google 

Digitized b 




bifamist, big'^-mist, guilty of bigamy. 

biginiy, bigV^U w- the crime of having two 
wives or husbands at once. [sheep. I 

Inghorn, big'h6m, n. the Rocky Mountain! 

bight, bit, n. a small bay ; bend or loop in a 

bigiiMS, big'nes, n. size ; bulk. 

Ingot, big'9t, n. one blindly devoted to a 
party or creed. [a bigot. I 

bigoted, big'ot-ed, a. having the Qualities of| 

bigotry, big'^t-ri, n. blind zeal ; narrow- 

bHou, bQ-zhdb', n. a jewel ; trinket. 

Nlberry, bil'ber-i, n. plant of the heath 
family and its fruit. 

bite, bll, n. gall : a bitter liquid secreted by 
the liver.— a. bil'iAry. [leak from fracture. I 

Ulgo, bill, n. bulging part of a cask.— v.i. to| 

bilg«-wu«r, bUj'w&t-^r, n. water lying in the 
bottom of a ship. 

fcilifHTial bl-ling'gw^l, a. expressed in, or 
s()eakmg, two languages. 

biUou, bil'vus, a. affected by bile ; causing 
excess of bile ; melancholy. 

bill, bil, n. the beak of a bird ; a hatchet or 
axe with a hooked point.— t?.i. to caress 
fondly, as birds. [note ; draft of a law. 

bill, bil, n. an account of money due; at 

billot, biPlet, n. a small note ; small log of 
wood.— 1>.^ to assign soldiers to quarters. 

billet-dOTiz, bil-c-ddb', n. a love-letter. 

billiards, bil'y^rdz, n. a game played on a 
table with balls and cues. 

billingsgate, biPingz-gat, n. foul language. 

bUlion, biryun. n. a thousand millions (Fr. & 
Am.) ; a million millions (Eng.). 

billow, bil'O, n. a large wave of the sea.— r.t. 
to roll in large waves. 

billowT, biro-i, a. swelling into l)illows. 

billy, biri, n. a short club. 

bi-metallism, bl'met'^l-i/.m, n. the use of two 
metals, as gold and silver, as the standard 
coin of a country. 

bin, bin, n. a box for storing grain, wine, etc. 

binary, bl'n^-ri, a. composed of two ; as- 
sorted in pairs. 

bind, bind, v.f. to tie or fasten with a band ; 
sew a binding on ; attach covers and back 
to a book ; to restrain ; to oblige.—;)./, and 
;>./). bound. [for binding cut grain. I 

binder, blnd'^r, n. one who binds ; machine| 

binderr, blnd'^r-i, n. the place where books 
are bound. 

binding, blnd'ing, n. anything 
that binds ; a border ; cover 
of a book. 

binnaele, bin'a-kl, n. box or 
stand in which a ship's com- 
pass is kept. Binnacle. 

binoenlar, bin-ok'yu-l^r, a. pertaining to, or 
to be used with, both eyes. 

biogTapber. bl-og'r^-f^r, n. one who writes 

biography, bl-og'r^-fi, n. history of a life.— 
a. biograph'ieaL [biolog'ieaLI 

WelogT, bl-orp-ji, n. the science of life. — a.\ 

bipuine, bip'^r-tlt, a. divided into two parts. 

biped, bl'ped, n. an animal having but two 

biroh, b^rch, n. a smooth-barked forest tree. 

bird, b6rd, n. general name for feathered 

birdlime, bSrd'lTm, n. a sticky substance 
used to catch birds. 

bird's-eye view, b^rdz'I vtl, n. a view seen 
from above, as if by a flying bird. 

birtii, bSrth, n. the act of being bom ; origin. 

birthday, b6rth'da, n. anniversary of one's 
birth. [is entitled by birth. 

birthright, berth 'rit, n. right to which one' 

Useoit, bis'kit, n. hard or unleavened bread 
in cakes * unglazed earthenware. 

biseet, bl-sekt', v.f. to divide into two equal 
parts.— ;». biseetioB. 

bishop, bish'9p, n. the head of a diocese. 

Inshoprie, bish'pp-rik, n. the office or juris- 
diction of a bishop ; a diocese. 

Ittsmnth, biz'muth, n. a brittle white metal. 

l^on, bl'zon, -spn, 
n. the American 

bisone, bisk, n. un- 
glazed earthen- 
ware ; a kind of 
odds at tennis. 

Ittsseztile. bis-seks'- 
til, n. leap-year. — 
a. intercalary. 

bistre, »)is't?r, n. a Bison, 

pigment made of soot. 

bit, bit, n. a small piece ; small tool for 
boring ; that part of a bridle which is in 
the horse's mouth.— o./. to put the bit in 
the mouth. I'ox.l 

biteh, bich, n. the female of the dog, wolf, or| 

bite, bit, v.f. to tear or seize with the teeth ; 
to wound or pain.—;?./. \ii.—p.p. Mt or 
bitten.— ;i. act of biting ; something bit- 
ten ; wound made by biting. 

bitter, bit'^r, a. having a certain unpleasant 
taste ; sharp ; afflictive ; rancorous.— a<rt). 
bitteily.— n. bitterness. 

bittern, bit'^m, n. a small species of heron. 

bitters, bit'^rs, a tonic liquor made of 
bitter substances. [UtoauBtna. { 

bitomen, bit-ti'men, n. mineral pitch. — a.\ 

bivalve, bl'valv, n. a shell-fish having a shell 
in two valves or parts.— a. biyal'Tiilar. 

ace, air, add, arm, §8k, ail, vis^e ; sgvgre, ebb, h6r, mak^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, 6ff, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



Urmne, biv'a-ak, v.i. to pass the night on 

guard in the open air.~«. a party oivou- 

ackin^ ; place of a bivoaac. 
bi-week^, bl'wSk'li, a. occurring or appear- 
ing once in two weeks.— «. a fortnightly 

littm, bi-zftr% a. odd ; fantastical. 
UiA, blab, v.i. to talk much ; to tell tales.— 

v.t. to reveal, as a secret. 
UMk, blak, a. without light ; very dark ; 

gloomy ; horrible.— «. that which reflects 

no light ; a m 


UaeksBMor, blak^a-mdbr, n. a negro. 
Ua^-ball, blak'bal, v.t. to reject by voting. 
Ua^berry, blak'ber-i, n. the bramble or its 

fmit. [an American grackle. I 

UaekUrd, blak'berd, n. a European thrush ;| 
Ua^boavl, blak'bOrd, n. a blackened board 

for writing, etc., upon. 
Maakgufcrd, blag'g&ra, n. a low, scurrilous 

fellow.— t;.^. to revile coarsely. 
kUA-l«U, blak^ed, n. plumbago ; mineral 

used for making pencils. 
Ua«k-lM, blak'leg, n. a cheating gambler. 
UMk-teSbar, blak'let-t^r, n. the old SndUsb 


•«^ blak, blak'en, v.t. to make 
v.i. to become black 

k-mailf blak'mal, n. njoney paid to rob- 
bers or ill-doers to purchase their forbear- 
ance.—©./, to extort black-mail from. 

Maekwnith, blak'smith, n. a smith who works 
in iron. 

Uaddar, blad'^r, n. a thin bag distended with 
liquor or air * vessel containing fluid in 
the body.— a. bladdery. 

Uad«, blSd, 91. a leaf of grass ; the cutting 
part of a knife, sword, etc. : flat part of an 
oar ; flat bone of the shoulder. 

Uain, blftn, n. a boil or blister. 

Uame, blSm^ v.t. to And fault with ; to cen- 
sure. — n. imputation of a fault ; fault. — a. 
\lkuaaXLt.—adv. UunaUy. 

Mtmlwif, blftm^es, a. free from blame or 
f&a\t.—aciv. UamtelMsly.— n. blamelMsness. 

Uaiieh, bl§nch, v.t. and v.i. to whiten. 

blane-maiige, bla-mftnzh^ n. kind of white 
jelly us^ as dessert. [Ij. — n. UaadneM. I 

bland, bland, a. gentle ; mild.— adv. bluid-| 

Mandwh, bland'ish, v.t. to flatter ; wheedle ; 
caress. rinveigling kindness. 

blaitdiihiiupt blandMsn-ment, n. flattery;! 

Uank, blangk, a. white ; free from writing or 
marks; void of expression ; without rime. 
— w. an unwritten paper ; an empty space. 

blukit,blangk'et, n. a soft woollen covering. 

Uan, blar, n. a sonorous blast; glare of 
light.— t>.i. to produce a blare. [talk. I 

Uanuy, blftr'ni, n. wheedling or cajoling! 

blaspheme, blas-fSm', v.i. to utter profane or 
impious speech.— t;./. to speak impiously 
of.— n. blasphemer. 

blasphemy, bla«'fe-mi, n. profane or impious 
speech.— a. blasphemoiii. 

blast, bl^t, n. a gust or forcible current of 
wind ; sound of a wind instrument ; ex- 
plosion of gunpowder, etc. ; a pernicious 

sst, bli^t, v.t. to strike with some perni- 
cious influence ; to blight ; to rend with 
gunpowder, etc. [clamorous. | 

Uatani, blftt'^nt, a. offensively loud or! 

bUuie, dISz, n. a flame ; white mark on an 
animal or a tree.— v.i. to flame or shine 
brightly.— »./. to publish widely ; to set a 
whue mark on a tree. 

blaMA, blft'zpn, v.t. to publish ostentatiously; 
describe or depict armorial devices ac- 
cording to rule, [aldry ; armorial devices. | 

blaaonry, Dlft'z^n-ri, n. art of blazoning; her-| 

bleaeh, bl6ch, v.t. to whiten.— «?.e. to grow 
white. [less, —n . bleakness. | 

bleak, bl6k, a. unsheltered ; cold ; cheer- 1 

Uear, blSr, v.t. to inflame or dim the eyes. — 
a. dim or inflamed. [cry of a sheep. | 

bleat, biet, v.i. to cry like a sheep. — n. the| 

bleed, blSd, v.i. to lose blood.— t?.^ to draw 
blood from.— p./. and p.p. bled. 

blemish, blcm'ish, n. a disfiguring mark ; 
imperfection ; fL&w.—v.t. to disfigure ; to 
defame. [to shrink from ; avoid. | 

, blench, v.i. to shrink ; hesitate. — v.t.\ 
. blend, v.t. and v.i. to mingle together ; 
to mix. 

Uess, bles, v.t. to make happy ; invoke hap- 
piness for ; praise.- ».;?. Dlessed, blest 

blessed, blest, blessed, blest, a. happy ; pros- 
perous.— a«?t?. blessedly.— n. blessMmess. 

blMsing, bles'ing, n. a prayer for happiness ; 
cause of happiness. 

blew, bldb, p.t. of blow. 

blight, bllt, n. a withering disease ; mildew ; 
—v.t. to affect with blight ; wither ; pros- 

Uind, blind, a. destitute of sight ; obscure : 
ignorant.— f;.^ to make blind ; darken ; 
deceive.— arf». blindly.— n. blindness. 

blind, blind, n. something that darkens or 
deceives ; a shade. 

blindfold, blind'fOld, v.t. to cover the eyes ; 
to mislead.— a. having the eyes covered : 
deceived ; thoughtless.— a. bundfolded. 

Uink, blingk, v.i. to wink ; peer between the 
eyelids ; to gleam.— v.t. to shut out of 
sight ; evade. 

blink, blingk, n. a glance ; gleam. 

blinkardj blingk'^, n. one who blinks, or 
has dim sight. 

iSbze; flse, rfile, pull, up; oil, out; thin, thQ; get, jet; kin, 


; chip, az(zh)ure. 

by Google 



Uiis, bliB, n. extreme happiness. 

UiasfU, blis'fnl, a. full of bliss.-o^i;. Uiss- 

A1II7.— n. Uitsftilness. 
Ulster, blis't^r, n. a babble or vesicle on the 

skin ; that which raises a blister. — v.t. to 

raise blisters.— t?.i. to rise in blisters. 
Uittery, blis't^r-i, a. full of blisters. 
Uithe, blWA, a. joyous ; merry.— arftj. blithe- 
ly.— 72. UxtheneM. 
Uitaetome, bll^A'sum, a. blithe.- ae^v. Uttke- 

somely.— 72. blithesomeneM. [and snow. I 
Mimrd, bliz'ard, n. a furious storm of windj 
bloat, blot, v.t. to cause to swell.— f.i. to 

puflf up ; swell. 
blob, blob, n. a large thick drop, 
bleek, blok, n. a mass of wood, stone, etc. ; 

the wood on which criminalsare beheaded; 

frame of a pulley ; a row of houses.— i?./. 

to shut up ; to obstruct ; to shape on a 

block ; shape roughly 

. blok-ad', n. the shutting up a place 
by hostile forces.— t?.^. to stop ail access 

bleekhead, blok'hed, n. a stupid fellow. 

bloek-honse, blok'hous, n. a house or fort 
built of timber. 

blond, blonde, blond, n. fair; light-colored. 
— w. a person with fair skin and light hair. 

blood, blud, n. the fluid in the veins ; con- 
sanguinity ' bloodshed ; passion. 

bloodhound, blud'hound. n. kind of hound 
used for tracking fugitives. 

bloodloM, blndOes, a. without blood ; with- 
out bloodshed. [slaughter.! 

bloodshed, blud'shed, n. effusion of blood ;| 

Idoodshot, blud 'shot, a. streaked with blood; 
inflamed, [blood ; sanguinary ; ferocious. 

bloodthirsty, blud'th^rst-i, a. greedv for| 

bloody, blud'i, a. stained with olooa ; like 
blood ; savage.— arft;. bloodily.— n. bloodi- 

bloom, bl(A)m, n. blossom ; flower ; the flush 
on the cheek ; flush or prime ; a white 
dust on certain fruits. [or steel. I 

bloom, bldbm, n. a mass of hammered iron| 

bloom, bldbm, t>.i. to put forth flowers ; to be 
in a state of youth or beauty.— a. Uooming 
or UoomT. [forth flowers ; to bloom. I 

blossom, blos'pm, n. a flower.— ^.i. to put| 

Uot, blot, n. a spot or stain ; disgrace. — v.t. 
to stain ; to disgrace ; to obliterate. 

bloteh, bloch, n. an inflamed spot on the 
skin ; blot. 

blotter, blot'er, n. a book in which hasty en- 
tries are made ; piece of soft paper to ab- 
sorb ink. 

blouse, blouz, n. a loose outer garment. 

blow, olO, n. u stroke ; sudden shock or ca- 

Wow, blO, v.t. to drive by wind ; force wind 
into or against.— r.t. to produce a current 
of air ; to pant.— p./. Wfiw.—p.p. blown. 

Uow, blO, v.i. to blossom.— J9.J9. blown. 

Uow-pipe, blO'pIp, n. an instrument for 
blowmg air into the flame of a lamp. 

Uowsy, blou'zi, a. having a rough, ruddy 
complexion. [weep noisily. I 

blnbber, blub'jpr, n. the fat of whales.— t?.t. to| 

blndgeon, bluj'un, n. a short, heavy club. 

bine, blfl, n. one of the prismatic colors.- o. 
of a blue color. [shaped flowers. I 

Une-bell. blfl'bel, n. a plant with blae bell-| 

Une-book, blfl'bdk, n. book coataining a re- 
port or statement of the government. 

Une-flsh, blfl'flsb, n. a food-fish of the*At- 

Unl^ bluf, a. abrupt ; rude ; frank.— w. a 

steep bank overhanging a valley or water. 

blnfl^ bluf, v.t. to misleau or intimidate bv 

assumed assurance.— n. deceptive bold- 

Unish, blUMsh, a. slightly blue. 

blonder, blun'd^r, v.t. to make a gross mis- 
take.— n. a gross mistake. 

blQnderbnss,blun'd^r-bus, n. a short gun with 
bell-shaped muzzle. 

blnnt, blunt, a. dull ; rough ; abrupt.— v.^ 
to make dull.— aflft\ blnnuy.— n. unntness. 

Unr, blur, n. a blot ; stain ; dimness.— 1?.<. 
to stain ; dim ; obscure. 

Unrt, blurt, v.t. to utter suddenly or rashly. 

Unsh, blusn, n. a rosy color ; red glow in 
the face.— «.i. to have a red color ; to red- 
den in the face. 

blnshingly, blush'ing-li, adv. with blushes. 

Unster, bius't^r, v.i. to roar ; Hpeak 
in a loud or bullying manner.- 
n. a roar ; tumult ; fuss. 

blnsterer, blus't^r-^r, n. a 
swaggerer ; bully ; bois- 
terous person. 

boa, bO'ft, n. a genus of 
large serpents ; long roll 
of fur worn round the 

boar, bOr, n. the male of 

board, bOrd, n. a broad 
thin piece of timber : a 
table ; a council ; food ; 
the deck of a ship. 

board, bOrd, v.t. to cover 
with boards ; to enter 
a ship ; to provide 
with meals regularly, d 
—v.i. to take 
meals regu- 
larly. Boa. 

See, air, add, firm, f^k, &11, vis^e; s§v6re, ebb, hSr, 

mAk^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox. Off, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



bMrdtr, bOrd'^r, n, one who pays for eating 
at another's table ; one who enters a ship 
by force. [a cause for boasting. I 

bout, bOst, v.i. to brag ; glory in.~n. a bra^ ; | 

boutfti], bOst'ful, a. given to boasting ; vain- 
glorious.— a«ft;. bowtAilly.— n. boMtfolness. 

bo^ bOt, n. a small open vessel moved by 
oars or sails.— t>.i. to go in a ho&t.—v.l. to 
convey in a boat. [boat. I 

boatnum, bot'm^n, n. one who manages a| 

boatswain, bO'sn, n. a pettv officer in a ship. 

bob, bob, n. a suspended ball. — v.t. and v.i. 
to swing with snort jerks. 

bobbin, bobbin, n. a pin on which thread is 
wound ; round tape. 

bobinot bob-in-et^ n. a light netted fabric. 

bobwbite, bob-whIt', n. the quail of the north- 
em U. S. or partridge of southern U. S. 

bode, bod, v.t. and v.i. to foreshow ; presage. 

bodke, bod'isj n. a woman's stays. 

bodiless, bod'i-les, a. without a body. 

bodily, Dod'i-li, a. relating to the body.— arf». 
all at once \ in a body. 

bodkin, bod'km, n. an instrument for pierc- 
ing holes ; large blunt needle. 

body, bod'i, n. me trunk of a man or ani- 
mal ; substance : a person ; mass ; a col- 
lection of individuals. 

body, bod'i, v.t. to give form or body to. 

Boer, bdbr, n. a South African settler of 
Dutch descent. 

bog, bog, n. a marsh or quagmire.— a. boggy. 

kogOT, bogy, bo'gi, n. a bugbear ; spectre. 

b^uo. ho%%v.i.\x) hesitate - make objections. 

bogie, bogey, bO'gi, n. a kind of railway truck. 

bMos. bO'gus, a. counterfeit ; spurious. 

bdl, boil, v.i. to bubble from heat ; to be 
agitated.— 1?.<. to heat to a boiling state ; 
cook in a boiling liquid. 

boil, boil, n. an inflamed swelling on the skin. 

boiler, boir^r, n. a vessel for boiling ; vessel 
in which steam is generated. 

boisteroiis, bois't^r-us, a. noisy : rude ; vio- 
lent.— ocifv. boisterously.- n. boisteronsness. 

bold, bold, a. having or requiring courage or 
daring ; impudent ; conspicuous ; abrupt. 
—cuiv. b(ddly. — n. boldness, [to form boll^ . 

bril, bOl, n. a round pod or seed-vessel.— «j.i.| 

bolster, bOl'st^r, n. a long pillow.— t?.^. to 
support ; to hold up. 

boH, oOlt, n. a bar or pin to fasten a door • 
an arrow ; flash of lightning ; piece of 
canvas or rope. 

b^ bolt, v.t. to fasten with a bolt ; sift ; 
swallow hastily.— I'. i. to dart forth ; run 
away. [flour from bran, etc. ' 

briter, bolt'^r, n. a large sieve to separate 

bottinff-elotii, bOlt-ing-clOth, n. the cloth of 
which bolters are made. 

bolus, bo'lus, n, a large pill. 

bomb, bom, n. a hoflow ball of iron filled 

with gunpowder, 
bombard, bom-bard' v.t. to attack with 

bombs .—72 . bombardment [bombastic. I 

bombast, bom'bftst, n. inflated language.— a. | 
bombasine, bom-b^-zSn', n. a fabric of silk 

and worsted. [cious metal in a vein. I 

bonansa, b9-nan'za, n. rich deposit of pre-| 
bonbon, hong'hong^ v. a confection. 
bonbonnidre, bowgr-bon-ySr', n. a box to hold 

bond, bond, n. that which binds ; a band ; 

legal instrument binding on its maker.— 

pt. chains : captivity, 
bondage, bond'aj, n. slavery ; captivity. 
bonded, bond'ed, a. held by a bond • field in 

bond for payment of duty, [bondwoman.! 
bondman, bond'm^n, n. a male slave. -^«w.| 
bondsman, bondz'm^n, n. one who is under a 

bond ; a surety. 
bone, bOn, n. the hard substance forming 

the skeleton.— t;.^. to take out bones from 

the flesh, 
bonfire, bon'fir, n. a large fire in the open air. 
bonnet, bon'et, n. a covering for the head 

worn by women ; part of a sail. 
bonny, bon'i, a. pretty ; neat ; gay. 
bonus, bOn'us, n. a premium, 
bony, bO'ni, a. having many or large bones ; 

showing the form of the bones ; lean. 
booby, boo'bi, n. a stupid fellow ; a large 

book, buk, n. a bound assemblage of leaves ; 

a volume ; division of a literary work.— 

v.t. to register in a book. [books. I 

bookbinder, buk'bind-^r, n. one who binds! 
bookish, buk'ish, a. fond of studying books, 
book-keeper, buk'kSp-^r, n. an accountant, 
book-keeping, buk'k5p-ing, n. the art of 

keeping accounts in books, 
book-worm, buk'wurm, n. an insect hurtful 

to books ; a close student. 

, bdbm, n. a spar to extend a fore-and- 
aft sail ; piece or timber to obstruct ships 

or floating bodies. ^ 

boom, bdbm, v.t. to make A 

a loud hollow noise ; rush ^^P '^ 

with violence. t^^^^^^y 

boomerang, b(ft)m'er-ang, n. ^^^S^ 

curved wooden club used as ««„„«,„«„„ 

a missile by Australian sav- Boomerangs. 

ages. [in mirth ; intimate; kind.] 

boon, bdbn, n. a gift or favor.— «. associate! 
boor, bdbr, n. a rustic ; clown ; in S. Africa^ 

a farmer.— a. boorish, 
boot, bdbt, n. a covering for the foot and leg. 

—v.t. to put boots on. 
boot, bdbt, n. profit ; advantage ; addition. 

dbze ; tlse, rflle, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, th^ ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

Digitized by LjOOQ iC 




booth, bdb/A, n. a slight hut. [ing oflf boots.! 

boot-Jaek, bdbt'jack, n. instrament for pull-; 

bootloM, b(^t'les, a. profitless ; unavailing. 
—adv. bootloMly. 

booty, bdbt'i, n. plunder ; spoil. 

borax, bO'r^ks. n. a mineral salt of boracic 
acid and soua.— a. bmrM'ie. 

border, bOr'd^r, n. an edge or margin ; fron- 
tier ; spot in which plants are set for orna- 
ment, [—v.t. to place a border to. I 

border, b6r'd^r, v.i. to approach : to adjoin. | 

borderer, bdr'd^r-^r, n. one who dwells on a 

bore, bOr, v.t. to make a hole in ; to weary. 
— n. a hole made by boring ; a wearisome 

bore, bOr, p.t. of bear. 

boretl, bOTg-^l, a. northern. 

boroM, bO'rg-as, n. the north wind. 

borer, bOr'^r, n. a tool for boring ; a boring 
insect or mollusk. 

bom, b6rn, p.p. pas6. of boar, to bring forth. 

borne, bOm, p.p. of bear. 

borough, bur'O, n. a corporate town. 

borrow, bor'O, v.t. to obtain as a loan. 

boaky, bosk'i, a. shady ; wooded. 

bMom, bu'zQm. n. the breast ; the interior. 

boos/bos, n. a knob ; stud ; protuberance.— 
a. boioy. 

boos, bos. n. a master-workman ; overseer. 

botuiat, Dot'^n-ist, n. one skilled in botany. 

botanise, -iae, bot'^-Iz, v.i. to collect plants 
for study. 

botany, bot'^n-i. n. the science that treats of 
plants.— a. boian'ie. 

boteh, boch, n. a swelling on the skin ; ill- 
flnished work.— v.t. to mend or make in a 
bungling way.— a. botehy. 

both, WJth, a. and pro. the one and the other. 

bother, bo/A'^r, v.t. to perplex.- -w. perplex- 
ity • annoyance, [the intestines of norsey. 

bote. Dots, larvae sometimes found in; 

bottle, bot'lj n. a narrow-mouthed vessel for 
holding liquids.— u./. to put into bottles. 

bottom, bot'Qm, n. the lowest part of any- 
thing ; a va\\ej.—v.t. to furnish with a 
bottom or foundation. 

bottomless, bot'om-les, a. having no bottom. 

bottomry, bot'pm-ri, n. act of borrowing 
money for which a ship is pledged as 
security. [room.' 

boudoir, bdb-dwftr', n. a small private sitting- 1 

bough, bou, ti. a branch of a tree. 

bought, b&t, p.t. and p.p. of buy. 

bovulon, bdb-il-yon^', n. a thin clear soup. 

bonldor, bol'd^r, n. a large rounded stone. 

bovlevard, bdbl'^-vard, n. a broad avenue. 

bounce, bouns, v.i. to spring suddenly.— n. a 
sudaen jump ; a boast. 

beoneer, bouns'er, n. one who bounces ; 
something big ; a boast ; a lie. llarge. I 

bonneing, bouns'ing, a. strong and active;] 

bound, bound, v.t. to limit. 

beond, bound, n. a limit ; boundary. 

bonnd, bound, n. a leap.— f;.i. to leap. 

bound, bound, p.t. ana p.p. of bind. 

bound, bound, a. on the wav ; destined to. 

bonndary, bound'^-ri, n. a limit. 

bonnden, bound'en, a. obligatory ; required. 

beondless, bound'les, a. unlimited ; vast. — 
adv. boundlessly.— n. boundlessness. 

bounteous, boun'tg-us, a. full of bounty; 
generous ; plentiful.— a<2f. beonteoiisly.— 
n. bonnteousness. 

bonntiftil, bonn'ti-fol, a. full of bounty; 
generous ; plentiful.— arfr. bonntiftdly.— 
n. bonntiftilness. 

bounty, boun'ti, n. generosity ; liberality ; a 
gift ; sum given as an inducement to enter 
the army or navy, or to encourage an in- 

bov^met, bdb-kft' n. a bunch of flowers. 

bourn, bourne, bobm, n. a boundary. 

bout, bout, n. a turn ; trial ; attempt. 

bovine, bo'vin, a. pertaining to cattle. 

bow, bou, v.t. to bend ; subdue.— v.i. to bend 
the body ; yield.— ». an inclination of the 

bow, l)ou, n. the forepart of a ship. 

bow, bo, H. anything of a curved shape ; a 
bent piece of wood to shoot arrows ; in- 
strument by which the strings of a violin 
are sounded. 

bowels, bou'elz, n.pi. the intestines. 

bower, bou'^r, n. an arbor. 

bower, bou'^r, n. an anchor at a ship^s bow. 

bower, bou'^r, «. oneof the two highest cards 
in euchre. [shady. 

bowery, bou'^r-i, a. containing bowers; 

bowie-knife, bob'i-nTf, n. a lai^e knife usee 
as a weapon. (turning loop. 

bow-knot, bO'not, n. knot made witn a re- 
bowl, bOl, n. a large round cup ; the round, 
hollow part of anything ; a wooden hedl 
for rolling. 

bowl, bol, c.i. to roll as a bowl— t?./. to 
strike with a bowl ; to roll. 

bowlder, bol'd^r, n. a large rounded stone. 

bowler, bol'^r, n. one who plays at bowls ; 
one who delivers the ball in cricket. 

bow-legs, bO'legz', n.])l. legs that curve out- 

bowman, bO'man, n. 
one who snoots 
with a bow. 

bowsprit, bO'sprit, n. 
a spar projecting 
from a snip's bow. Bowsprit. 

ace, air, add, firm, ftsk, all, vis^e ; sfivCre, ebb, her, mak^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, 6ff, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 




bow-wind«w, bO-win'<lO, n. a curved project- 
ing window. 
Wz, Doks, n. an evergreen tree, or itH wood ; 

a wooden case ; a seat in a theatre ; the 

driver's seat on a carriage ; a blow with 

the hand. 
Wz, boks, v.t. to put into a box. 
Wz, boks, v.t. to strike with the hand.— «>.i. 

to fight with the fists. [fists. | 

boxer, ooks'^r, n. one who fights with the] 
bo7, Doi, n. a male child ; a lad. 
boyeoti, boi'kot, v.t. to punish or coerce by 

exclusion from trade or intercourse. 
boyhood, boi'hud, n. state of being a boy ; 

time when one is or was a boy. 
' \ boiMsh, a. like a boy.— arfv. boyishly. 
. boyishness. 
J brite, n. anything which holds ; a pair ; 

a connecting sign ( ~^) in printing. 
bneo, brfltf, w. a rope to turn a ship's yard. 
braeo. brfls, v.t. to tighten ; strengthen ; bind. 
brmoMOt, brtte'let, n. an ornamental clasp for 

the wrist, 
braees, brfis'ez, straps to hold up the 

bneket, brak'et, n. a support projecting from 

a wall ; the mark ] in printing.— r./. to 

place on a bracket • to inclose in brackets. 
braekiih, brak'ish, a. having a salty taste. 
bnet, brakt, n. leaf or scale under a fiower. 
bnd, brad, n. a slender nail. 
bng, br^, v.i. to boast.— n. a boast ; a game 

at cards, 
braggadeoio, brag-a-dO'shO, n. a swaggerer; 

an empty boaster. 
braccwt, brag'^rt, n. a boaster. 
BnhiiUMi, brft'm^n, n. a Hindu of the highest 

caste ; a priest of Brahma. 
braid, bifld, v.t. to weave, plat, or intertwine. 

— n. a cord or other texture made by braid- 
ing ; a plat or plait. 
tous, brftn, n. the nervous matter in the 

skull ; the intellect. — v.t. to dash out the 

brainless, brandies, a. sillv ; stupid. 
braissL brSz, v.t. to cook in a closed pan 

under coals, 
brtk^ brftk, n. an instrument to break flax 

or hemp ; a contrivance to check a wheel 

in motion, 
brake, brftk, p. fern ; a thicket. 
brake, brftk, obs. p.t. of break. 
bramUo, bram'bl, n. a thorny plant ; the 

blackberry.— a. brambly. 
kraa, bran, n. the inner husk or skin of 

grain.- a. branny, 
mnek, br^Kich, n. limb of a tree ; tributary 

of a river ; any offshoot or division.— f.?. 

to divide into branches. 

brand, brand, n. a burning piece of wood ; a 
sword ; a mark burned in ; a mark of 
infamy.—??.^, to mark with a hot iron ; to 
mark with infamy. 

brandish. brand'ish,t;.<.to shake; wave about. 

brandy, branMi, n. spirits distilled from wine 
or the juice of fruits. 

brass, brfts, n. an alloy of copi)er and zinc. 

brassy, brfts'i, a. like brass. 

brat, brat, n. a contemptuous term for a child. 

bravado, brft-vft'do, n. a boastful threat. 

brave, brftv, a. courageous ; fine ; noble.— 
r.f. to meet boldly ; to defy. 

bra\ery, brft'v^-ri, n. courage ; finery. 

bravo, brft'vO, n. a daring ruffian ; a hired 

bravo, brft'vO, int. well done ! 

brawl, brftl, n. a noisy quarrel.— i?.i. to quar- 
rel noisilv. [relsome person. I 

brawler, bral'^r, n. one who brawls ; a quar-j 

brawn, brftn, n. the flesh of the boar ; mus- 
cles ; muscular strength. 

brawnv, br&uM, a. muscular. 

bray, brft, v.i. to make a harsh noise, as an 
ass.— w. the cry of an ass. 

bray, brft, v.t. to crush or pound. 

brue, brftz, v.t. to cover or solder with brass. 

brasen, brft'zn, a. made of brass ; impudent. 

brasier, brll'zh^r, n. one who works in brass ; 
open vessel for holding live coals. 

breach, br6ch, n. something broken ; a gap ; 
infraction ; quarrel.— tj.r. to make a breach 
in, as a wall. [meal ; subsistence.! 

bread, bred, n. food made from flour or| 

bread-frnit, ored'frfit, n. the bread-like fruit 
of a tropical tree, [which bread is made.! 

breadstofl^ bred'stuf, n. grain, flour, etc^ of | 

breadth, bredth, n. extent from side to side ; 

break, brftk, v.t. to part by force ; to in- 
fringe ; to separate ; to tame ; to make 
bankrupt.— «?.t. to come apart ; to fall out ; 
to become bankrupt ; to appear, as the 
day.— ;;.^ broke.— p.p. broken. 

brrak, brftk, n. a breach ; opening ; sudden 
fall ; kind of vehicle, [for things broken . I 

brocage, brftk'jjtj, n. breaking ; allowance! 

breaker, brft'k^r, n. a rock on which waves 
break ; a wave broken on the shore, or on 
sunken rocks. 

breakflwt, brek'fftst, «. the first meal in the 
day. —v.i. to take breakfast. 

breakwater, bi-ftk'wfit-^r, n. a wall to break 
the force of the waves. 

bream, brSm, n. a food-fish. 

bimst, brest, n, that part of the body which 
contains the lungs and heart ; bosom ; 
front part ; conscience ; mind ; affections. 
—v.t. to bear the breast against ; to oppose. 

i^e\ tise, rfile, pull, up; oil, out; thin, ^A6; get, jet; kin, sin; chip, az(zh)ure. 

d by Google 

Digitized b 



trMft-pin, brest'pin, n. a brooch worn on 
the breast. [the breast.' 

teMstplate, breRt'plftt, n. armor protecting! 

breutwork, brest'wurk, n. a defenaive work 
breaet-hlgh. [breeze ; a moment.! 

Imath, breth, n. air respired ; life ; a gentle| 

breathe, hr^thy v.i. to draw breath ; to re- 
spire ; to live.— ».<. to draw into or expel 
from the lungs : to exhale ; to give vent 
to ; to utter softly. 

breathless, breth'les, a. out of breath ; dead ; 
suspending the breath. 

breeei^ bret'cha, n. a rock made up of angu- 
lar fragments. 

breoeiateC bret'ch&t-ed, a. formed of, or like 

bred, bred, n.t. and p.p. of 

breeeh, bricn, brSch, n. the hinder part of 
the body, or of anything. 

bieeehes, brich'ez, an outer garment 
covering the hips and thighs. 

breeehinf , orichMng, brSch-, n. a strap behind 
the haunches of a horse. 

breed^ brSd, v.t to produce offspring; to 
brmg up ; to c&uBe.—p.t. and p.p. bred. 

breed, bred, n. offspring; family, kind, or 
race. [nurture or Iraining ; manners. I 

breeding. brCd'ing, n. act of producing;] 

breeie, brgz', n. a moderate wind. 

brethren, bie^A'ren, of brother; esp. 
members of the same society. 

brevet, bre-vet', n. a commission entitling an 
ofRcer to rank above his pay. — v.t. to com- 
mission by brevet. 

breviarr, brCv'y^ir-i, n. the book containing 
the daily service of the Catholic Church. 

brenty, brev'i-ti, n. shortness ; concisenefes. 

brew, orfi, v.t. to make liquor from malt ; to 
contrive ; to prepare.— tj.i. to be brewing ; 
to be getting ready. 

brewer, brfl'^r, n. one who brews. 

brewery, brft'^r-i, n. a place for brewing. 

bribe, brib, n. something given to influence 
the judgment or actions.— t)./. to influ- 
ence by a bribe. [a bribe. ' 

bribery, brlb'^r-i, n. act of giving or taking! 

brie-a-brae, brik'a-brak, n. collection of ar- 
tistic curiosities, etc. 

briek, brik, n. a squared piece of burned 
clav ; anjrthing in the shape of a brick. — 
a. built of brick. 

briflkbat brik'bat, n. a piece of brick. 

briek-kiln, brik'kil, n. a kiln for burning 

brieklayer, brik'ia-^r, n. one who lavs bricks. 

toidal, nrld'^1, n. a wedding.— a. belonging 
to a bride or a wedding. 

bride, brTd, n. a woman about to be married, 
or newly married. 


, bnd'grdbm, n. a man about to be 
married, or newly married. 

bridesmaid, brfdz'mftd, n. a woman who at- 
tends a bride at her wedding. 

bridge, brij, n. a structure afforain^ a passage 
over water ; anything like a bridge. — v.t. 
to form a bridge over. 

bridle, bri'dl, n. the contrivance bv which a 
horse is governed.— t;.^. to put a bridle on; 
to restrain. 

briet hrCf, a. short; concise.— n. a brief 
statement of a law-case.- arftJ. brieflj. 

brier, brl'^r, n. a prickly shrub; the wild 
rose.— «. briery. 

bri|^, brig, n. a squace- 
nggea vessel with 
two masts. 

bricade, brig-Sd', n. a 
division of troops 
under a general of- 
ficer.— 1>.<. to form 
into brigades. 

brigadier, orig-^-d6r% 
n. the officer com- 
manding a brigade. 

brigand, brig'and, n. 
an armed robber ; a freebooter. [bery.l 

brigandage, brig'and-^j, n. freebooting ; rob-| 

brigantine, brig'^n-tln, n. a brig with fore- 
and-aft mainsail, [clever.- n. brightness.! 

bright, brlt, a. shining ; clear ; illustrious ;| 

brighten, brlt'n, v.t. to make bright ; to 
cheer.— tj.i. to grow bright, or cheerful. 

brilliant, briry^nt, a. glittering ; splendid.- 
n. a diamond cut to show the ^^reatest 
brightness.— a«fv. brilliantly, —n. bnllianey. 

brim, orim, n. the upper edge of anything ; 
margin.— v.t. to fill to the brim.— t?.t. to be 
full to the brim. 

brimfhl, brim'ful, a. full to the brim. 

brimstone, brim'stOn, n. sulphur. 

brindled, brin'dld, a. marked with streaks. 

Mne, brtn, n. salt water ; the sea. — a. briny. 

Ining. bring, v.t. to fetch from ; carry to ; 
induce.-©./, and p.p. bronghi 

brink, bringk, n. the edge; margin. [coBhion.! 

brioehe, bre-Osh', n. a soft baked roll ; foot-| 

brisk, brisk, a. lively; active; spirited.- 
adv. briskly.— n. briskness. [animal. I 

brisket, brisk'et, n. the breast-bone of an| 

bristle, bris'l, n. a strong, stiff hair. — v.i. to 
stand erect, as bristles. [with bristles.! 

bristly, brin'M, a. like bristles ; covered! 

Britannic, British, brit-an'ik. brit'ish, a. per- 
taining to Britain or its people. 

British, brit'ish, the Welsh; the Eng- 
lish, [an Englishman.! 

Briton, brit'<;>n, n. a Celtic native of Britain;! 

britUe, britM, a. easily broken ; fragile. 

flee, §lr, add, ftrm, ask, ftll, vis^e ; sfivCre, ebb, h^r, mSk^r ; Ice, inn ; Od^r, ox, 6fl, 

d by Google 

Digitized b 




Iffoteh, brOch, v.t. to tap, as a cask ; to enter 
upon a subject. 

brtu, br&d, a. extended from side to side ; 
wide.— arft'. broadly. [adv. widely. I 

ImwdMhst, brlid'k^st, a. scattered widely.—! 

bnwdelath, br&d'kl6th, n. a wide woollen 
cloth. [grow broad. I 

broaden, brad'n, v.t. to make broad.— v.i. to 

broadside, br&d'sld, n. the side of a ship ; all 
the guns on a side ; the discharge of all 
the guns on a side at once ; a sheet printed 
on one side only. [sword for cutting. I 

broadeword, brM'sOrd, n. a broad, straight | 

broeade, bro-kftd', n. silk stuflf with an em- 
broidered pattern. [sewed, not bound. 1 

broehnr^ bro-shur', n. a book or pamphlet] 

brogan, brOg'^n or brog'an, n. a stout, coarse 
shoe. [ceiit in pronunciation. 

broffue, brOer, n. a coarse shoe ; a Celtic ac- 

broil, broil, n. a noisy quarrel ; confuse<3 
disturbance. [or at a flame. 

broil, broil, v.t. to dress or cook over coals, 

broke, brOk, p.t. of break. 

broker, brOk'^r, n. one who buys or sells on 
commission ; an agent. [broker. I 

brokerage. brOk'^r-^j, n. commission of aj 

bromide, brO'mid, n. compound of bromine 
with a metal. [of a strong odor, j 

bromine, brO^rain, n. an elemental substance! 

brenehial, brongk'i-^Sil, relating to the air- 
tubes of the mngs. 

bronehitis, bron-krtis, n. disease of the air- 
tnbes in the lungs.— a. bronehitie, -kitMc. 

bronie, bronz, n. an alloy of copper and tin. 

brooeh, brOch, n. an ornamental pin. 

brood, br<ft)d, v.i. to cover in order to hatch ; 
to cover as with wings ; to think persist- 
ently, [offspring.! 

toood, Dr(ft>d, n. a number hatched at once ;| 

brook, brnk, n. a small natural stream.— t;.^. 
to bear : to tolerate. 

broom, brdom, n. a wild shrub with slender 
twigs ; an implement to sweep with. 

broomttiek, brdbm'stik, n. the handle of a 
broom. [been boiled. I 

broth, brdth, n. liquor in which flesh has! 

brother, bru^A'^r, n. a son of the same par- 
ents ; a close associate.— p^. brothers or 
brethren. — a. 
brotherly.— f). 

brdb'am, n. 
a light four- 
wheeled car- 

broiiiKi br&t, 
p.t. and p.p. 
of bring. Brougham, 

, brou, n. the ridge above the eyes : 
' ' - hfll. 


head ; edge of a hill 
browbeat, brou'bCt, v.t. to overbear with ar- 
rogance or harshness.— jt?.<. browbeat— 

p.p. browbeaten, 
brown, broun, n. a dusky color composed of 
. yellow and black.— a. of a brown color. 

— v.t. to make brown. [plants.! 

browie, brouz, v.i. to feed on the sprouts of ( 
braise, brflz, v.t. to crush or indent by a 

heavy blow.— /<. wound made by a heavy 

brait, brfit, n. noise; rumor; report.— r.^. 

to rumor ; noise abroad, 
bnunal, brfi'mjjil, a. pertaining to winter, 
branette. brd-net', n. a woman of a dark 

brant, Drunt, n. shock ; onset. 
brash, brush, n. an implement of bristles, 

feathers, or the like ; brushwood ; a 

skirmish.- 1?.<. to sweep.- t>.i. to move 

lightly. [thicket.! 

brushwood, brush'wud, n. low bushes ; a| 
brasqne, briisk, a. blunt ; abrupt, 
bratal, brfit'^1, a. barbarous ; cruel ; inhu- 
man.— ». bratal'ity. [or like a brute.! 
brataliie, -ise, brflt'gl-Iz, r.^. to render brutal | 
brate, brfit, n. one of the lower animals ; a 

brutal person.— o. brate and bratish. 
babble, bub'l, n. a film of liquid filled with 

air ; anything empty ; a delusion.— t).i. to 

rise in bubbles, 
bncoaneer, bneanier, buk-a-nSr^ n. a pirate of 

the Spanish main • a pirate, 
buck, buk, n. male or the deer, goat, rabbit, 

etc. [with all feet at once. I 

bnek, buk, v.i. to spring from the ground | 


n. a light 

ve hide . 

with an [ 


board for 

the body, 
backet, buk'- 

^t, n. a vessel for drawing or carrying 

bnek-eye, buk'T, n. a kind of horse-chestnut. 
bnekle, buk'l, n. an instrument for fastening 

straps, etc.— v.t. to fasten with a buckle, 
bnekler, buk'l^r, n. a shield. 
bnekram, buk'ram, n. a kind of canvas stif- 
fened with glue, [hunting.! 
bnekshot, buk'shot, n. large shot used ml 
buckskin, buk'skin, n. soft dressed skin of a 

buckwheat, buk'whCt. n. a plant bearing 

three-sided seeds or which meal is made. 


Jl>zc ; tlse, rfile, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, thl& ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

Digitized by Google 



bneolie, btl-korik, a. relating to herdsmen ; 
pastoral.— w. a pastoral poem. 

biM, bud, n. a germ or first shoot of a tree 
or plant ; an incipient flower.— t?.t. to pat 
forth buds. — v.t. to graft with a bud. 

bndffe. buj, v.i. to etir ; to move oflf. 

budget, buj'et, n, a bag or pack ; statement 
of national finances. 

bvl^ buf, n. leather dressed without tanning ; 
a yellowish or pale orange color. 

bnlklo, buf'a-lo, n. a kind of wild ox.— pi. 

buffer, buf'^r, n. contrivance for lessening 
the shock of an impact ; polishing tool. 

buffet buf 'et, n. a blow with the fist. — v.t. to 
strike with the fist ; to ill-use.— i\t. to con- 

buffet, bu-fft', n. a sideboard ; cupboard. 

buffoon, buf-fdbn', n. a low jester ; a clown. 
— n. bnffoonerj. 

bug. bug, n. term applied to various insects. 

bugbear, bug'bar, n. a goblin ; an object of 
terror. [carriage. | 

boggy, bug'i, n. a light four-wheeled j 

bugle, btl'gl, n. a wind-instni- 
ment of the horn kind ; a 
long bead of glass. 

bugler, bfig'l^r, n. one who Bugle, 
plays the bugle. 

bQAl, bfil, n. inlaid work of metal or tor- 
toise-shell, [stone used for mill-stones. I 

bnhr-ftone, bur'stOn, n. rough siliceousj 

build, bild, v.t. to erect or construct.—??.*, to 
raise a structure ; to have confidence in.— 
p.t. and p.p. bnilded or built 

bulder, bild'^r, w. one who builds ; one 
whose business it is to build. 

building, bild'ing, n. anything built ;* a 
house ; edifice. 

bulb, bulb, n. a ball-shaped root ; a ball- 
shaped expansion.— a. ralbons. 

bulge, bulj, n. a swelling : protuberance.— 
v.i. to swell out. [bnliky.- n. bnlkinesi. 

bulk, bulk, w. mass or quantity ; size.— a.* 

bnlknead, bulk'hed, n. a partition ; protect- 
ing wall. 

bolL bill, n. the male of cattle ; a sealed 
wlict of the Pope ; a blander. 

boll, bul, n. one who speculates in stocks 
expecting a rise in price. 

bnll-aog, bul'ddg, «. a variety of dog for- 
merly used for baiting bulls. 

bnlletin, bul'et-in, w. short oflicial report. 

bullet, bul'et, n. ball for a gun, etc. 

bvllflneh, bal/finch, n. a singing-bird. 

, Targe species 


bnll't-eye, bubs'I, n. the centre-spot of a 
target : a lantern with convex lens. 

bully, buri, n. a swag^rer ; iusolent^ellow. 
—v.t. to threaten noisily. 

bolmth, burrush, n. a large rush. 

bulwaik, bol'w^rk, n. a rampart ; fortifica- 
tion ; defence. [bee. I 

bunUe-bee, bum'bl-be, n. a large species of | 

bump, bump, n. a blow ; contusion ; swelling. 
—v.t. and v.i. to strike against. 

bnmper, bump'^r, n. a glass filled to the brim, 
ikin, bump'kin, «. a rustic ; a clown, 
bun, n. a cake of sweet, light bread. 
Ii, bunch, n. a heap ; cluster ; lump.— 
v.i. to grow into a bunch.— v.i. to form 
into a bunch.~a. bnnehy. [eflfect.l 

boneombe, bunk'um, n. specious talk fori 

bundle, bun'dl, n. a number of things bound 
together.— I'.i. to make into a bundle. 

bong, bung, n. a plug to stop a barrel.— t'./. 
to stop with a bung ; to close. 

bangle, bung'gl, vJ. and v.i. to do in a clnmsy 
way ; to botch.— w. a blunder or botch.— 
a. Dongling. — adv. bnnglmgly. — /i. bungler. 

bunion^ bun'yun, n. an inflamed swelling on 
the loint of the great toe. [tain a Eed.j 

bunk, bungk, n. a frame of boards to con-| 

buntmg^ biint'ing. n. thin woollen cloth of 
made. [family.] 

a bird of the finch] 
cask or 
water-tight vessel which floats 
on the water to mark the sit- 
uation of something below.— 
v.t. to keep afloat : sustain. 

buoyant, bwoi'^nt, bdbi-, a. float- 
ing ; light ; cheerful.— «</t?. 
buoyantly.— n. buoyaney. 

bur, bur, /*. the prickly seed- ^ 

vessel of a plane ; a concave Buof 

burden, bur 'den, n. what is l)ome ; a load ; 
the refrain or chorus of a song.— t?.^. to 
load ; oppress.— a. buidenaome. 

burdoek, bur'dok, n. a weed which bears burs. 

bureau, bfl'rO, n. a chest of drawers : a writ- 
ing-table ; (bfl-rOO a public omce.—pl. 
bureaus or bureaux. [buds ; flourish.! 

burgeon, burj'pn, v.i. to sprout; put forth 

burgess, bur'jes, n. a member of a municipal 
body. [borough ; a citizen.! 

burgher, burg'er, n. a freeman of a city or| 

burglar, burgO^r, n. one who feloniously 
breaks into a house. 

burglary, burg'l^-ri, n. felonious breaking 
into a house.— a. buigla'rkus. 

burgomaster, bur'go-mas-ter, n. chief magis- 
trate of a Du tell town. 

burgundy, bur'gun-di, «. a French wine. 

buntmg. biint'ing. n. 
which flags are mad 
bunting, bunt'iug, ;/. 
buoyTbwoi, bdbi, n. i 

bnll-f^, bul'frOg, 

American frog. 
bidlion, bul'yun, n. uncoined gold and silver. 
buUoek, bul'ok, n. an ox fit for killing. 

ftce, air, add, arm, §sk, all, vis^e ; sgvCre, ebb, her, mfik^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, 6fL 

Digitized by V3OOQ IC 




VvmL, ber'i-^l, n. the act of burying ; inter- 

bum, btlr'in, n. a tool ^,r e'<i!^ 

for engraving on ^' p <LE:ii/ 


bnzkp, bur'lap, n. a Burin, 

coarse fabric of hemp, etc. 

tarlesfiu, bur-le8k% n. the treatment of a 
ridiculous subject with mock-solemnity ; 
a ridiculous representation. — v.t. to turn 
into burlesque. 

}nilj. bur'li, a. large ; bulky ; uncouth.— w. 

tarn, bum, vM to consume or injure by fire. 
—v.i. to be on fire ; to feel great heat.— ». 
injury or mark caused by fire. 

buner, oum'^r, n. attachment to a lamp or 
gas-pipe at the point of combustion. 

buraJaA, burn'ish, v.t. to polish by friction.— 
v.i. to become bright. 

Inunt, burnt, p.p. and a. consumed or 
affected by fire. 

kviiow, bur'O, n. a lodge under ground dug 
by certain animals. — v.i. to make a bur- 
row ; to mine. 

bunt, burst, v.t. to break open or into pieces. 
— v.i. to fly open or into pieces.— p.^ and 
p.p. burst. — n. a sudden outbreak. 

bnrtkeii, bur7/ien, see burden. [in a grave. I 

bary, ber'i, v.t. to hide in the ground ; interj 

bun, bash, n. a branching shrub ; a branch. 

bnih, bush, n. a cylinder of metal placed in 
an orifice. [pecks. I 

biahel, bush'el, n. a dry measure or four] 

biiiKy, bush'i, a. full of bushes or branches ; 
thick and spreading. 

bisiiiass, biz'nes, n. employment ; occupa- 
tion ; trade ; a matter or affair. 

bosk, busk, n. spring to stiffen a corset. 

buakm, busk'in, n. a half-boot. 

but, bust, n. a piece of statuary represent- 
ing the head and shoulders ; the human 
shoulders and breast. [and Asia.] 

bustard, bus't^rd, n. a large bird of Europe] 

bastle, bus'l, v.i. to be busy, active.— w. a 
state of activity ; a stir. 

busy, biz'i, a. fully occupied ; active ; dili- 
gent ; meddling.— arft?. busily.- v.r. to 
make busy j to occupy. [person.] 

busybody, biz'i-bod-i, n. a meddling, officious | 

bvt, but, con. without ; except ; yet ; still.— 
adv. only. 

bvtelier, buch'^r, n. one who slaughters 
animals for food.— t?.^ to slaughter ; kill 
cruelly ; massacre. [a slaughter-house.! 

bstehcry, buch'^r-i, n. a massacre ; carnage ;| 

bvtlsr, but'l^r, «. a servant who has charge 
of liquors or a dining-room. 

butt, but, r.f. to strike with the head. 

bmtt, but, n. the thick end of anything ; a 

mark to shoot at ; an object of ridicule ; a 

large cask. ' 
bntte, but, n. a steep detached hill. 
butter, but'^r, «. a tatty substance separated 

from milk.— 1\^. to spread or smear with 

bntterenp, but'^r-kup, n. a yellow flower, 
butterfly, but'^r-fll, n. a winged insect, dc- 

velopNed from a caterpillar, 
buttermilk, but'^r-milk, n. milk deprived of 

its butter by churning. [its fruit. I 

butternut, but'^r-nut, 7i. the white walnut or| 
bnttery, but'^r-i, n. a store-room for liquors 

or provisions. [the body. I 

bnttoek, bnt'pk, n. the rump ; hinder end of | 
button, but'n, n. a bulbous mass or knot ; a 

small knob for fastening.— «;.<. to fasten 

with buttons, 
buttress, but'res, n. a projection of masonry 

to strengthen a wall. — v.t. to strengthen 

with a buttress. [lively ; plump. I 

bnzom, buks'um, a. yielding ; soft ; elastic ;| 
buy, bl, v.t. to obtain for money ; purchase ; 

—p.t. and p.p. bought, 
buyer, bl'^r, n. one who buys, 
buss, buz, w. a humming noise. — v.i. to make 

a humming noise.— v.t. to spread by whis- 
bussard, buz'^rd, ti. a genus 

of hawks (see the cuU ; an 

American species of vul- 
by, bl, prp. near to ; through ; 

denoting agency or means. 

—adv. near ; in passing ; 

in presence of ; away. 
by and by, bl' and bl', adv. , 

soon ; presently. :^ 

by-law, bl'ia, n. a subsidiary' 

law or regulation. 
by-stander. M'stand-^r, n. one 

who looks on, or is present. 
by-way, bl'wa, n. a small or side road, 
by-word, bl'wurd, n. a common saying ; 


C, c, 85, third letter of the alphabet ; as a Ro- 
man numeral, 100. 

cab, kab, n. a kind of public closed carriage 
seating two persons. 

eabal, k^-bal', ft. a party of plotters ; a plot. 
—v.i. to plot. 

eabalistie, kab-a-list'ik, a. pertaining to the 
Cabala, or Jewish secret science ; mystic. 

eabbage, kab'aj, n. a biennial vegetable with 
a head of thick leaves. 



tise, rfile, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, thB ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

Digitized byVjOOQlC 




, kab'in, n. a hut ; a room in a ship.— 
v.t. to shut up in a cabin. 

cabinet, kab'i-net, n. a small room ; case of 
drawers ; the ministry of a state. 

eabinet-maker. kab'i-net-mftlc'^r, n. a maker 
of household furniture. 

eable, ka'bl, n. a rope or chain which holds 
a ship to her anchor ; thick rope ; wire 
rope for conveying electric currents. 

eaUe-road, ka'bl-rOd', n. tram-road over 
which cars are drawn by an endless cable. 

caboose, ka-bdbs', n. cooking-stove or kitchen 
of a ship; living-car For railway-train 

eabriolet, kab-ri-p-la', n. a light covered car- 
riage drawn by ..^^ 
one horse. /^"^-'^^^l 

oaeao, k^kS'o, k§- 
kou', n. a trop- 
ical tree from 
whose seeds 
chocolate is 

eaehe, c§sh, n. place 
for concealinj 
or storing.— t;. 
to store in 

caehinnation, kak 
nft'shun, n. loud 

caekle, kak'1, n. the 
noise made by a 
hen.— i;.i. to make such a noise. 

eacophony, ka-kof'9-ni, n. a harsh or un- 
pleasant sound.— a. eaeophonons. 

caetos, kak'tus, n. eenus of leafless plants : 
pi. oaetaBos or eaeu. [section. 

eadaTer, k^-dav'?r, n. a corpse, e»p. for dis-l 

eadaveroas. kg,-dav'^r-us, a. like a corpse. 

eaddis, kad'is, n. the lai'va of a fly. 

eaddy, kad'i, n. a small box for tea. 

eadenee, kil'dons, n. the fall of the voice : 
musical close ; tone. [military school. 

eadet, k^-det' n. a younger son ; pupil at a| 

eadmiom, kad'mi-um, n. a whitish metal ; 
pigment prepared from it. 

Gssarism, sS'z^r-izm, n. government by a 
military ruler or emperor : imperialism. 

e»8iira, se-zhfl'rft, n. a break or pause in a 
verse.— a. ossnraL 

eage, kfi^, n. a box with bars or wires to con- 
fine birds or animals. 

eaim, karn, n. a monumental pile of stones. 

eaimgorm, karn-gOrm', n. transparent yel- 
low quartz? 

eaisson, ka'spn, n. box for military stores ; 
ammunition-wagon ; kind of coffer-dam. 

eaitiff, ka'tif, n. a low villain ; a base wretch. 


oiyole, kft-jol', v.t. to deceive by flattery ; to 
wheedle.— w. euolery. 

eake, kak, n. a baked piece of dough ; sweet- 
ened bread ; a flattened mass.— ?\i. to 
become flattened and hard. 

ealadiam, k^la'di-um, n. a tropical plaat 
with very large leaves. 

ealamity, k^lam'i-ti, n. misfortune ; disas- 
ter ; affliction.— a. ealamitoiu. 

ealamiu, kal'ft-mus, n. an aromatic reed. 

ealash, ka-lash', n. a light carriage ; a kind 
of hood. [lime. I 

ealeareoms, kal-ka'rg-us, a. like or containing] 

ealeine, kal'sTn, v.t. to reduce to a calx.— n. 

ealculable, kal'kyu-l^-bl, a. that may be reck- 
oned, [pute; toreckou.— w. oalcnlator.l 

oalenlate, karkvu-iat, v.t. and v.i. to com-| 

calculation, kal-kyu-la'shun, n. a reckoning : 
computation. [algebraical method. 

calenliu, kal'ktl-lus, n. a stony concretion ;| 

caldron, kSl'drun, n. a large kettle. 

calendar, kal'en-dar, n. a register of succes- 
sive days ; an almanac. 

calender, kal'en-der, v.t. to make smooth by 
passing through rollers. 

calends, kal'endz, n. the first day of the Ro- 
man month (more properly kuends). 

calf, kfif , n. the young of the cow ; muscu- 
lar part of the leg.— ^. calves, kavz. 

calibre, kal'i-bpr, n. size of the bore of a 
gun or tube. [in colors.! 

calico, kal'i-kO, n. light cotton cloth, printed! 

calif, caliph, k^ief, k^'lif, see khalif. 

calipers, kari-pprz, compasses /gv 
with curved le^s. ^ ' 

calisthenics, kal-is-thenMks, 
exercises for promoting grace- 
fulness of carriage. 

calix, ka'liks, n. the outer cup of \ 
a nower.— pi, calizes or calicos. 

calk, kak, v.t. to pack a ship's 
seams with oakum ; to roughen Calipers, 
a horse's shoes. 

calk, kak, n. projecting point on a horse- 

calker, kfik'pr, n. one who calks ships. 

calL kfil, v.t. to name ; summon.— r.i. to cry 
aloud ; to make a short visit. — n. a sum- 
mons ; cry ; short visit. 

calla, kal'a, n. a plant of the arum family 
with large white flowers. 

calligraphy, ka-lig'r^fl, n. beautiful hand- 
writing.— a. calUgraph'ic. 

calling, kaPing, n. trade or occupation. 

callosity, kal-os'i-ti, w. a hard swelling: 
thickening of the skin. [callonsnoM. | 

callons, kal'us, a. hardened ; unfeeling. — n.\ 

callow, kal'O, a. unfledged ; featherless. 

flee, air, add, firm, ask, fill, visfiige ; egvCrc, ebb, her, mflkpr ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, Off, 

Digitized by LjOOQiC 

kal'um-ni, n. false accusation 
—a. calTim'moTU.—adv. ealam'ni- 

v.i. to bring forth a calf, 
kal'vin-izm, n. the doctrines of 


ealliu, karus, n. a callosity ; new bony tissue. 

ealm, kSm, a. still ; undisturbed.— w. absence 
of wind ; serenity. — r.t. to make calm ; to 
quiet.— arir. ealmly.- /^. ealmness. 

Mlomel, kal'9-mel, n. a drug, mercurous 
chloride. [of heat. I 

cAlorie, ka-lor'ik, n. the supposed principle | 

cAlaxiile, kal-p-rif'ik, a. producing heat. 

cAlvmei, kal'yu-met, n. Indian pipe of peace. 

ealnnuiiate, k^-lnm'ni-at, v.L to accuse false- 
ly.— n. ealnnmia'tion. [cuser; slanderer.! 

cAlvmniator, ka-lum'ni-il'tqr, n. a false ac 


etlve, kav 


Calyinisi, kal'vin-ist, n. one who holds the 
doctrines of Calvin.— a. GalvimsVie, Calvin- 
ist'ieaL [is reduced bv violent heat.l 

Mix, kalks, n. substance to which a mineral 1 

ealyz. kft'liks, see ealiz. 

eun, kam, n. a projection that modifies mo- 
tion in machmery. [or cotton.] 

eamlirie, kftm'brik, n. a fine fabric of linen | 

eame. p.t. of come. 

eamal, kam'el, n. a 
beast of burden 
with one or two 
humps on the 

eamelopard. kam- 
el'0-pfird', n. an 
African q u a d - 
ruped, the gi- 

oamrilia, kam-el'- 
i-ft, w. a flower- 


ing evergreen shrub of Japan, India, and 
China. [relief .—/?/. eameoB. I 

cuneo, kam'e-0, n. a gem or shell carved in| 

Munen^ kam'^-r^, n. an instrument for re- 
ceiving the images of external objects in 
a darkened box. 

eamomiU, kam'<;>-mll, see chamomile. 

eamp, kamp, n. tents pitched for lodging 
soldiers or others.— I'.i. to pitch tents ; 
lod^e in a camp. 

campaign, kam-nfin', n. the time an army 
keeps the Hem.—v.i. to serve in a cam- 
pai^. [served in campaigns.] 

campaigner, kam-pSn'^r, n. one who has I 

camphor, kam'fpr, ii. aromatic gum-resin of 
a species of laurel. [with camphor, I 

campnorated, kam'fpr-at-ed, a. impregnatetl | 

campns, kamp'us, n. the grounds of a college 
or school. 

can, kan, v.i. to be able.—/?./, eonld. 


can, kan, w. a vessel for holding liijuidg. 

can, kan, v.t. to preserve, as fruit, etc., in 
sealed cans. [water. I 

canal, ka-nal', w. an artificial channel for| 

canard, ka-nard', w. a fictitious story ; hoax. 

canary, ka-na'ri, n. a singing bird, originally 
from the Canary Islands. [cancd&'tion. I 

cancel, kan'sel, v.t. to blot out; annul.— «.| 

Cancer, kan's^r, n. sign of the Crab in the 
zodiac. [cancerous. I 

cancer, kan'ger, n. a malignant tumor. — a.\ 

canddabmm, kan-de-la'brum, n. a branched 
candlestick.— jt?/. candelabra. 

candid, kan'did, a. fair ; sincere ; frank.— 
adv. candidly.— 7^ candidnesB. 

candidate, kan'di-dat, w. one who offers him- 
self or is proposed for an oftice. 

candidateship, kan'di-dat-ship, candidature, 
kan'di-dat-yur, n. state of being a candi- 

candle, kan'dl, n. cylinder of fatty matter 
containing a wick, for burning. 

candle-light, kan'dl-lTt, n. light of a candle ; 
time when candles are lighted. 

candleitick, kan'dl-stik, ii. a stand for hold- 
ing a candle. 

Gan£ema8, kan'dl-mas, ?;. a religious festival, 
falling on the 2d of February, [frankness. I 

candor, kan'dpr, n. fairness; sincerity;; 

candy, kan'di, ?i. crystallized sugar.— r./. to 
preserve in candy.— ?j.i. to fonn candy. 

cane, kan, 7?. a reed ; the plant from which 
sugar is made ; a walkmg-stick.— t?./. to 
beat with a cane. [reeds or canes. I 

cane-brake, kan'brak, n. a thicket of largej 

canine, ka-nTn', v. like, or pertaining to, dogs. 

canister, kan'is-t^r, n. a bottle-shaped vessel, 
usually of tin ; a case of thin metal in- 
closing shot for cannon. 

canker, kangk'^r, n. a disease in animals or 
plants ; anything that corrodes.— 1\/. to 
corrode or embitter.- r.i. to grow corrupt. 

canker-worm, kang'k^r-wurm, n. a worm 
destructive to plants. [burning coal. I 

cannel-coal, kan'el-kol, 71. a kind of fine free-! 

cannibal, kan'ib-al, 11. one who eats human 
flesh. [eating human flesh. I 

cannibalism, kan'i-bal-izm, n. the practice ot | 

cannon, kan'pn, n. a great gun.— ;>/. cannon. 

cannonade, kan-pn-au', n. an attack with 
cannon.— r.^ to attack with cannon. 

cannoneer, cannonier, kan-pn-Sr', ?i. one who 
manages a cannon. 

cannot, kan'not, v.i. can and not connected. 

canoe, ka-ndb'. ?}. 
boat hollowed 
from a tree, or 
made of bark or 
skins. Canoe. 

dbze ; flse, rflle, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, thS ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 




eanon, kan'ypn, n. a deep gorge or ravine. 

eanon, kan'pn, n. a law or general nile ; a 
dignitary of the Church or England. 

eanoniral, k^-non'i-c^l, a. according to can- 
on ; ecclesiastical.— «rfc. eanonieally.— n. 

eanonieals. k^non'i-c^s,, the official 
dress or the clercy. 

eanonise, eanoniie, kan'^n-Tz, v.t. to enrol in 
the list of saints.— n. eanonisa'tioiL 

Miionifi, kan'^n-ist, n. one versed in the 
canon law.— a. eaiionist^i«. 

eanopy, kan'p-pi, n. a covering overhead. — 
v.t. to cover with a canopy. 

cant, kant, v.i. to speak with a whine, or 
hypocritically.— w. hypocritical language, 
or that peculiar to a sect. 

eant, kant, n. an inclination from the level ; 
a toss. — v.*. and v.i. to tilt or incline. 

eantaen, kan-ten', n. a small vessel for 
liquors ; a barrack-tavern. [of melon, j 

eantelope, eantelonpe, kan'te-lOp, n. a species | 

Mnter, kan't^r, n. an easy gallop.— r.i. to 
move at a canter. 

eantharides, kan-thar'i-d6z, n.vl. Spanish 
flies ; small beetles used for blistering. 

eantide, kan'ti-kl, n. a song. 

cantilever, kan'ti-le-v^r, w. large bracket 
supporting a cornice, or the roadway of a 

eanto, kan'tO, n. division of a poem. 

canton, kan'tpn, n. division of^a country ; a 
Swiss republic. — v.t. to divide into can- 
tons.— a. cantonal. [sail-cloth. I 

canvas, kan'v^, n. coarse, strong cloth ;| 

canvas-back, kan'vas-bak, n. an American 
species or wild duck. 

canvass, kan'v^s^ n. discussion ; examina- 
tion ; solicitation of votes.— r.^ to ex- 
amine ; discuss ; traverse soliciting votes 
or patronage.— w. canvasser. 

caontehonc, kou'chuk, kdb'chnk, n. india- 
rubber ; the elastic gum of several tropical 

cap, kap, n. a covering for the head ; a cover ; 
the io'p.—v.t. to put a cap upon. 

capable, kftp'^-bl, a. having ability.— arfr. 
capably.- /2. capabil'ity. 

eapacioos, ka-pS'shus, a. holding much ; ex- 
tensive; vnAQ.—adv. capaciously.— n. oa- 
pacionsness. [to qualify. ! 

capacitate, k^pas'i-tat, t?./. to make capable : 

capacity, k^-pas'i-ti, n. power of holding ; 
mental power ; character ; position. 

cap-a-pie, kap'a-p6', adv. from head to foot. 

cavarison, k^-par'i-spn, n. trappings for a 
horse.— ??.^ to cover with trappings. 

cape, kap, n. a headland ; covering for the 

caver, ka'p^r, r.i 
leap ; antic ; bud of the caper-bush 

to leap or dance.— n. a 
a writ authorizing 


capias, kap'i-as, klip'-, 
an arrest. 

capillarr, kap'i-l^-ri, «. a tube with a hair- 
like bore. — a. like or relating to such a 
tube, or to hair. 

capital, kap'i-tal, a. chief ; principal ; ex- 
cellent : deserving death : of death. — adv. 

capital, kap'i-t^l, n. top of a 
column ; chief thing ; chief 
city ; large letter ; money in- 
vested in Dusiness. 

capitalise, -ise, kap'i-t^l-Tz, v.t. 
to convert into capital. 

capitalist, kap'i-t^l-ist, n. one who Capital, 
has capital. 

capitation, kap-i-tft'shun, w. a counting of 
heads ; tax per head. 

Oapitol, kap'i-tol, n. a temple at Rome ; the 
house wnere Congress or a legislature 

capitolate, kft-pit'yu-lSt, v.i. to surrender on 
conditions.— w. capitola'tion. 

caprice, ka-prSs^ n. unreasonable notion or 
act ; whim ; ireak. 

capridons, ka-prish'us, a. full of caprice. 
—adv. capn'donsly.— n. capri'cionsness. 

Capricorn, kap'ri-k6rn, n. the sign of the 
Goat in the zodiac. 

capsicum, kap'si-kum, n. the red pepper, its 
pod, or spice prepared from it. 

capsiie, kap-slz', v.t. to upset ; overturn. 

capstan, kap'st^n, n. an up- 
right windlass. 

caprale, kap'stll, n. the 
seed-vessel of a plant ; a - 
small dish. 

captain, kap'ten, -tin, n. the 
commander of a troop, a 
company, or a ship. 

captaincy, kap'ten-si, -tin- capstan, 
si, n. rank or office of 
captain. [chapter, etc. I 

caption, kap'shun, n. heading of a documenty| 

captious, kap'shus, a. ready to find fault.; 
over-critical ; peevish.- orfr. cafti«usly. 
—n . captiousness. [ — a. oaptivitinff. ' 

captivate, kap'ti-vftt, v.t. to charm ; enthral. | 

captive, kap'tiv, n. a prisoner.- «. held pris- 
oner, [tive ; bondage.] 

captivitr, kap-tiv'i-ti, w. state of being a cap-j 

captor, kap'tpr, «. one who captures. 

capture, kapt'yiir, n. act of taking prisoner 
or seizing ; the thing taken.— v.^. to take 
as a prisoner or prize. 

car, kar, n. a wheeled vehicle ; railway-car- 
riage ; basket of a balloon. 

ace, air, add, arm, ftsk, fill, 

vis^e ; t<ev6re, ebb, her, makpr ; Icg^ inn ; Qdpr, ox, Off, 
Digitized byLjOOQl(^ 





eanfe, kar-af , w. a water-bottle ; 

ranunel, kar'a-mel, w. a confec- 
tion of boiled sugar ; burnt 

euftt, kar>t, n. a weight of 4 
grains ; 5^ part of gold flne- 
ne»8 in an alloy. 

earavui, kar'a-van, n. a company 
of travellers in the East. 

taawuMoj, ctraYUiBerai, kar-a- 
van'sft-ri, «. an inn where caravans stop. 

earaw»y, kar'a-wa, n. a plant with aromatic 

tarline, kSr^bln, n. a short musket. 

earinneer, kftr-bi-nCr', n. a soldier armed with 
a carbine. 

eulwlie add, kSr-bolMk as'id, ;;. an oily anti- 
septic liquid prepared from coal-tar. 

Mrwn, kfir'b^n, u. pure charcoal, [to coal. I 

ctfbonMMiu, kar-b9-nSsh'ns, n. pertaining! 

etfWnate, kar'bp-nSt, n. a salt of carbonic 
acid. [with carbonic acid. I 

MtfWnated, kSr'bo-n&t-ed, a. impregnated] 

eaitonie, kar-bon'ik, a. containing carbon. 

etrfconiferoiu, kSr-bp-nif'^r-us, a. containing 
coal. [coal or carbon. 

eubonise, -ise, kfir'bon-Iz, v.t. to reduce tol 

earboy, kar'bol, n. a large bottle protected by 
a casing. 

earbfimele, kSr'bung-kl, w. a precious stone of 
a deep red color ; the garnet ; a large boil. 

eanmeC kSr'kftn-et, n. a necklace. 

careaM, eareass, kftr'k^s, ;;. a dead body ; a 
frame ; a flaming missile. 

eari. kftrd, n. a piece of pasteboard with an 
address, or with figures ; a brief adver- 
tisement, [wool, etc. [ 

eari, kRrd, n. an instrument for combingj 

eari, kftrd, v.t. to comb with cards. 

eaHiuDom, kftrd'^mom, ti. plant with aro- 
matic seeds ; one of its seeds. 

eardiiial, kSrd'i-nal, a. principal ; chief ; pre- 
eminent.— w. a dignitary of the Roman 
Catholic Church. [nity of a cardinal. I 

•aiibialate, kftrd'i-n^l-ftt, n. the rank or dig-| 

ean, kar, n. charge ; oversight ; caution ; 
anxiety ; the thmg cared for.— r.i. to be 
anxious about ; to be inclined to ; to 
regard. [to one side, as a ship. I 

eanen, kft-rCn', tj.t. and v.i. to lay or incline! 

ean«r. kft-rCr', ;*. race ; speed ; course : 
active life. [cawftally.— n. eareftdness. 

canfU, kar-ful, a. heedful ; anxious.— ar/r.| 

cawleaa. kar'les, a. heedless ; unconcerned ; 
free from care. — adv. wnlwaij.—n. care- 

. ka-res', v.t. to treat with affection ; 
to fondle. — n. an act expressing affection. 

caret, ka'ret (Lat. cnr'et), n. the mark a, de- 
noting an omission. freight. | 

eargo, kar'gO, w. load carried by a ship;! 

eanoen, kar'i-bdb, n. the N. 
American reindeer. 

carieatnre, kar'i-k^-tflr, ». a 
ludicrously exaggerated like- 
ness. — v.t. to de- I 
pict in caricature, i 

caries, ka'ri-Cz, n. de- | 
cay of a bone. —a. 

eariole, kar'i-Ol, -al. 
n. a light carriage 
(sometimes mis- 
spelled carry-aU). Caribou. 

eannan, kar'man, n. one who drives a car. 

carmine, kar'm'ln, w. a red pigment prepared 
from cochineal. [lleve flatulence. I 

earminatiYe, kar-min'a-tiv, a. tending to re-| 

carnage, kar'naj, -ej, n. slaughter. 

eamu, kar'n^l, a. fleshly ; sensual.— </</r. 
wnaXij.—n. carnality. 

Ctfnation, kar-na'shun, n. flesh-color ; a 
flower of the genus Dianthus.— «. flesh- 
colored, [ored precious stone. I 

cameUan, kar-nS'li-^n, n. a red or flesh-col- 1 

camiral, kar'ni-val, n. a festival held just 
before Lent ; festivities. 

camiYorons, kar-niv'p-rus, a. feeding on flesh. 

carol, kar'91, n. a joyous song.— t\i. to sing 
joyously.— v.<. to sing of. 

carom, kar'pm, n. impact of a ball against 
two balls successively. 

carotid, ka-rot'id, a. term applitnl to the 
principal arteries of the neck. 

caronsal, k^-rouz'^l, n. a drunken revtl. 

caronse, kft-rou//, n. a dnmken revel.— r.i. 
to revel ; to drink riotously. 

carp, kftrp, n. a fresh-water fish. 

carp, karp, v.i. to catch at small faults. 

carpenter, karp'en-t^r, n. a builder of houses 
or ships. [of a carpenter ; wood-work. 

carpentry, karp'en-tri, n. the trade or workj 

carpet, karp'et, n. cloth that covers a floor. — 
v.t. to cover with a carpet. 

carpet-bag. karp'et-bag, n. hand-bapr, ef^p. 
made 01 carpeting, [carpets collectively. ! 

peting. [c -._ - - 
carpeting, karp'et-ing, n. material for carpc^tn ; | 
xriage, kar'ij, n. act of carrying ; a vehi- 
cle ; behavior. [of t"« pig^'owj 

carrier, kar'i-^r, n. one who carries; a variety | 
carrion, kar'i-pn, n. a dead body; putrid flesh. 
carronade, kar-pn-ad', n. a short cannon, 
carrot, kar'pt, «. an eatable root of an orange 
color, [effect ; conquer ; behave. I 

carry, kar'i, r.t. to bear; convey; lead;| 
cart, kart, n. a two-wheeled vehicle for car- 
rying loads. — v.t. to convey in a cart. 

(Attse ; flse, rfile, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, thS ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chi^j, az(zWure. 

Digitized by VJOOQ iC 




outage, kart'aj, n. act or cost of carting. 

eurte, kftrt, n. a bill of fare. 

eurte-Uanehe, ktLrt-bl&nsh', n. a blank paper 

signed, to be filled up by the receiver ; 

unconditional terms, 
eartel, kilrt'el, n. an agreement for exchange 

of prisoners ; a challenge. 
eartur, kftrt'^r, n. one who drives a cart. 
etrtilage, kftrt'il-^j, n. gristle.— a. eartila'- 

ginoas. [preparatory drawing. I 

eartooiL kSr-tc^n', n. drawmg on large paper; | 
eartonone, kar-tdbsh', n. a case for car- 
tridges : an ornamental scroll. 
earferidge, kftrt'dj, n. paper case containing 

the charge for a gun. 
carve, kfirv, v.t. to cut into forms ; to cut 

into pieces. — v.i. to cut up meat, 
earver. k&r'v^r, n. one who carves ; a 

eaaeade, ka8-k{ld\ n. a waterfall, 
ease, kas, n. a covering, box, or sheath.— v.t. 

to cover with, or put in a case, 
ease, kfis, n. an event ; state or condition ; 

statement ; issue at law ; inflection of 

nouns, etc. [the outside. I 

easehardeiL kfts 'hard-en, v.t. to make hard on! 
casemate, ki 

kas'mftt, n. a vault or chamber in 

a battery. [a hinged window. I 

casement, kas'ment, n. frame of a window ;| 
cash, kash, n. money ; ready money. — v.i. to 

turn into money ; pay money for. 
cashier, kash-€r', n. one who has charge of 

oashier, kash-6r', v.t. to dismiss from office, 
cashmere, kash'm^r, n. a rich Indian shawl. 
casino, ka-s6'no, n. a hall for music, dancing, 

cask, k^k, n. a barrel for containing liquids. 
casket, k^k'et, n. a small case or chest for 

jewels, etc. ; a kind of coffin, 
casqne, k§8k, n. a helmet. 
cassava, k^sfi'va, n. the manioc plant ; tapi- 
oca prepared from it. 
casserole, kas'^r-Ol, n. a stew-pan. 
cassia, kash'ft, n. a species of laurel 

with aromatic bark, 
oassimere, kas'i-mSr, 

-m^r. n. a twilled 

woollen cloth. 
cassino, ka-gS'no, n. 

a game of carfls. 
cassock, kas'pk, n. 

a coat worn by 

cassowary, kas'p- , 

wa-rf, n. Au8-vwW^-:'.4i-'-''4^-jti^^t»*»<'^ 

tralian bird re--"^' 

sembling the os- 
trich. Cassowary. 

cast, kftst, v.t. to throw ; reckon ; mould. — 
p.t. and p.p. cast — n. a throw ; turn ; ap- 
pearance ; form given by a mould. 

Castanet, kas'fc^-net, n. an instrument used to 
mark time in dancing. [destruction.! 

castaway, k^t'^wS, n. one abandoned to] 

caste, k^t, n. a class of society, esp. in India. 

castellated, kas'tel-lat-ed, a. with turrets and 
battlements like a castle. 

caster, k^t'er, n. one who casts ; roller on 
the legs or furniture ; a stand for cruets. 

castigate, kas'ti-gSt, v.t. to chastise.— n. 

castigator, ka8'ti-gftt-<?r, n. one who chautises. 

casting, k§st'ing, n. act of moulding ; thing 
cast in a mould. 

casting-vote, kftst'ing-vOt, n. vote that de- 
cides in an equal division. 

oast-iron, k^st'I'rpn, n. iron shaped by melt- 
ing and running into a mould. 

castle, k^'l, n. a fortified house. 

castor, kas'tpr, n. the beaver. 

castor oil, kas'tpr oil, n. purgative oil from 
the seeds of a plant. 

casnal, kazh'u-al, a. accidental ; occasional. 
—adv. casnally. [hap ; chance. 

casoalty. kazh'u-^l-ti, w. an accident ; mis-| 

easnist, kazh'u-ist, n. one who resolves cases 
of conscience. 

easnistic, kazh-u-ist'ik. casuistical, kazh-a- 
ist'i-k^l, «. relating to cases of conscience. 

casuistry, kazh'u-is-tri, n. the doctrine of 
cases of conscience. [several lashes. I 

eat, kat, n. a domestic animal * a whip wi^| 

cataclysm, kat'^kiizm, n. a deluge. 

catacomb, kat'^-kOm, n. an underground 

catalepsy, kat'jjt-lep-si, n. a sudden suspen- 
sion oi motion and sensation. — a. cataMB'- 

eatalogne, kat'^-log, n. a list ; register. — v.t. 
to arrange in a catalogue. [trees. 

catalpa, k^tal'pft, n. a genus of flowering] 

catamaran, kat'^m^-ran', n. a kind of light 
raft for sailing. [wild cat. I 

catamoont, kat'^mount, n. a large kind of | 

cataplasm, kat'^plazm, n. a poultice. 

catapnlt, kat'^pult, n. an engine for throw- 
ing stones, etc. 

cataract, kat'^rakt, n. a lar^e waterfall. 

cataract, kat'4-rakt, fi. opacity of the lens of 
the eye. [lungs.— a. catarrhal. I 

catarrh, ki^t3.r', n. a cold in the head or| 

catastrophe, k^-tas'tr<;>-fi, n. final event : 
calamity. [wine made from it. 

eatawba, k^-t^'b^, n. an American grape :| 

catbird, kat'bei*d, n. a species of American 
thrush. [fore-and-aft sail. I 

catboat, kat'bot, n. a sail-boat with one large| 

ace, air, add, arm, ftsk, ai, vis^e ; sevSre, ebb, her, mak^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, Off, 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 




eateh, kach, v.t. to seize 5 trap ; take.— ;>.A 
and p.p. eanght.— n. seizure : that which 
takes hold ; that which is taken ; a song 
for several voices. [catch.] 

Mtehing, kach'ing, a. infections : apt to| 

Mtehpenny, kach'pen-i, n. a worthless thin^ 
intend^ to gain money. [attention^ 

Mtohword, kach'wurd, n. word to attract] 

eatMheti«, kat-«-ket'ik, eataehetioal, kat-e-ket'- 
i-k^, a. pertaining to, or like a catechism. 

MlaehiBe, wtoohiw, kat'g-klz, v.t. to teach by 
qaestion and answer ; to examine. 

eitaduMr, kat'e-klz-^r, eateehisfc, kat'e-kist, 
n. one who catechises. 

eateehism, kat^e-kizm, n. a book of instruc- 
tions by questions and answers. 

MteehQ, katVchdb. n. an astringent extract. 

tmttflhimnin, kat-e-ktl'men, n. one who is 
learning the catechism. [solute. I 

eatagoriM^ kat-e-gor'i-k^l, a. positive ; ab-| 

eatecory, kat'e-g9-i^i n- a class or order. 

•atanarj, kat'e-n^ri, a. relating to, or like a 
chain . [ter.— n . eattrer. I 

•ator, kftt'^r, v.i. to provide food ; to minis- 1 

Mtarpillar, kat'vi'-P^l-^i*) ^- larva of a butter- 
fly or moth. 

•atanranl, kat'^r-w&l, v.i. to cry like a cat. 

Mtilah, kat'fish, ;;. an American fish with 
sharp spines. [intestines, esp. of sheep. I 

Mtent. kat'gut, n. cord made from twisted | 

ftattanift ^thftr'tik, a. purgative.— n. a 
parge. [which an anchor is suspended. I 

nflitil, kat'hed, n. projecting beam fromj 

Mttairal, k^the^r^l, n. chief church in a 

Oatholk. kath'<;>-lik, a. universal ; including 
all christians ; pertaining to the Roman 
Catholic Church ; liberal.— n. a member 
of the Roman Catholic Church. 

Oatholkiiin, k^thol'i-sizm, Catholidty, kath- 
o-lis'i-ti, 11. universality ; tenets of the 
Catholic Church. [trees. I 

•aOdn, kat'kin, n. the male flower of certain | 

•attt^ kat'nip, n. an aromatic plant of the 
mint family. [with nine lashes, t 

'-nine-tuls, kat'9-nln'tftlz, n. a whip] 
jrkni, kat-op'triks, n. that part of optics 
hlch treats of reflected light. 

tat't-eje. kat8% n. a precious stone showing 
a bana of light. [breezed 

tat'a-paw, kats'pft, n. a dupe or tool ; a lightj 
^ kat'sup, u. see ketehnp. 
, kat'l, b^sts of pasture. 
' , kA-kft'zhi-^n, a. pertaining to Mt. 
Caacasns ; denoting the white race of 
mankind.— ;i. one of the white or Aryan 

, kAk'us, n. a political council. 
, k&'d^l, a. pertaining to the tail. 

eaadle, k&Ml, n. a warm R'storative drink. 

caught, kat, p.t. andj).p. of eateh. 

eavT, kftl, n. a covermg for the head ; mem- 
brane covering the intestines ; the mesen- 
tery, [cabbage. I 

eanliflower. k&l'i-flou-^r, n. a variety of| 

easnlitj, k&z-alM-ti, n. agency of a cause. 

eansation, kfiz-ft'shun, n. the act or operation 
of a cause. 

eanie, kfiz, n. that which produces an cflEect ; 
reason ; object sought ; legal action. — v.t. 
to bring about ; produce. 

eavseleM, k&z'les, a. without cause; un- 
founded .-ac^r . eaoseleesly. —fi . eauelete- 
ness. [with stones. I 

eanuway, k&zVfi, n. a raised way paved | 

eanitie, Kfts'tik, «. burning ; corrosive ; se- 
vere.— «. a substance that bums or cor- 
rodes, [caustic. I 

eamtieity. kds-tisM-ti, n. quality of beingj 

eanterisanen, eanterifatieii, k&-t^r-i-za'shun, 
n. act of cauterizing. 

eaateriM, eaaterise, k&'t^r-Iz, v.t. to burn with 
caustics or hot metal. 

eaatery, kS't^-ri, 71. act of cauterizing; 
means used to cauterize. 

eantien, k&'shun, n. heed ; prudence ; warn- 
ing. — v.t. to warn. 

eaationary. kft'shun-^ri, a. containing cau- 
tion ; pledged as security. 

eaationi, kft'shus, a. wary ; heedful ; pru- 
dent.— oc^i?. eavtimialy.— ». eaatieimess. 

eavaleade, kav-al-k9d% n. a train of riders. 

eavalier. fcav-^lfir', w. a horseman ; a knight. 

—a. iike a cavalier ; brave ; liaughty.- 

ac^r. eavalierly. [soldiers. | 

eavalry, kav'^-ri, n. sing, and »/. mounted, 

adv. eavalierly. 
••▼airy, kav'^-ri, ,1. o*,ty. ouv. «». »<»»»., 
eave, k&v, n. a hollow place in the eaith. 
eavem, k^v'^rn, n. a large cave.— a. eaTerneos. 
eaviar, kav-yftr', n. the salted roe of the 

sturgeon. [frivolous objection . I 

eavil. kav'il, v.i. to object captiously.— n. a| 
eaviller, kav'il-^r, n. one who cavils. 
eaTity, kav'i-ti, n. a hollow place, 
eaw, K&, v.i. to cry as a crow, 
eavenne, kft-ven', kT-en% n. a pungent powder 

irom the fruit of the capsicum, 
eaymaa, ki'man, n. a species of South 

American alligator. 
eease. s6s, v.i. to stop ; desist, [eeatelessly. I 
eeaseless, sSsMes, a. never ceasing.— afif«;.| 
cedar, sfi'd^r, n. an evergreen tree. 
cede, s6d, v.t. to yield ; to give up. 
cediUiL se-dil'a, n. mark under the letter c 

[9] to give it the sound of s. 
ceiL 861, v.t. to cover with a ceiling, 
edling, sfil'ing, n. a covering of hoards or 

plaster to a room. [family. I 

ceuadine, sel'^n-dln, n. a plant of the poppy] 

Jbze ; flse, rflle, pill, up ; oil, out ; thin, th^ ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; ch^lp, az(2ih)ure. 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 




eelebraie, sel'fi-brfit, v.t. to praiee publicly : 
to distinguish by ceremonieB. P"?- 

odebntioB, sel-e-brS'shun, n. act of celebrat-l 

celebrity, Bg-leb'ri-ti, n. fame ; distinction. 

celerity, sfi-ler'i-ti, u. rapidity ; swiftness. 

celery, ser^r-i, n. a kitcnen vegetable. 

celestial, sfi-les'ty^, a. heaveuly.— 7z. an in- 
habitant of heaven. 

celibaey, sel'i-b^si, ;;. the unmarried state. 

celibftte, sel'i-b^t, a. unmarried.— n. an un- 
married person, [ment ; minute vesicle. I 

cell, sel, n. a small room ; small compart-| 

cellar, sel'^r, n. room or store-room under- 
ground, [cellars.! 

ceUarage, sel'^r-^j, n. space for cellars, or in| 

ceUnlar. servn-l^r, a. consisting of cells. 

celluloio, sei'yu-Ioid, n. a substance manu- 
factured from gun-cotton and camphor. 

cellulcse, sel'yili-lOs, n. an organic sul^tance, 
the principal element of plant structure. 

Oelt, selt, n. a person belonging to that 
branch of the Aryan family of nations 
which includes the Irish, W elsh, etc. — a. 
Celtic. [stone or bronze. I 

celt, selt, n. a pre-historic weapon or tool of | 

cement, s6-ment', n. an adhesive substance 
for uniting stone, glass, etc.— t?.^ to unite 
with cement. [cementing.! 

cementation, sS-men-ta'shun, n. the act of j 

cemetery, sem'g-t^-ri, n. a burying-ground. 

eenobite, sen'p-bit, «. one of a monastic com- 
munity.— a. cencbiVic, cenclnt'ical. 

cenotaph, sen'9-taf, ti. a sepulchral monu- 
ment for one buried elsewhere. [cense. I 
, sen's^r, n. a vessel for burnmg in-| 
, sen'spr, n. a Roman officer ; one who 
examines manuscripts intended for pub- 
lication ; a critic of morals. 

censorioQi, sen-sO'ri-uSj a. critical ; fault- 
finding. — adv. censoncnely.— n. ceneorions- 
neis. [sor.— a. censo'riaL I 

censcrskip, sen'sor-ship, n. office of a ccn-| 

cenenraUe, sen'snar-^-bl, a. deserving cen- 

censnre, sen'shur, n. blame. — v.f. to blame. 

cenina, sen'sus, n. official enumeration of in- 
habitants, [of a dollar. | 

cent, sent, w.ahnndred ; the one-hundredth | 

centare, sent'ar, n. the one-hundredth of an 
are ; 1550 nquare inches. 

centanr, sen'tar. n. a fabulous monster, half- 
man and half-horse. 

centaury, sen'tft-ri, n. a medicinal herb. 

centenarian, sent-en-a'ri-^n, n. Que a hundred 
years old. [century.— o. the hundredth.! 

centenary, sent'en-^-ri, n. a hundred ; a| 

centennial, sen-ten'i-sil, a. happening once in 
a century. 

center, see centre. 

centeaimal, sen-tes'i-m^l, a. pertaining to the 
hundredth part. 

centigrade, sen'ti-grftde, a. dividinl into a 
hundred degrees, [of a gram ; .1543 grain. | 

centigram, sent'i-gram, n. the one-hundredth; 

centiliter, sent'i-lC-t^r, n. the one-hundredth 
of a liter ; .6102 cubic inch. 

centimeter, sent'i-mfi-ter, «. the one-hun- 
dredth of a meter ; .8987 inch. 

centipede. sen'ti-p6d, -ped, n. an articulate 
animal with many feet 

central, scn'tr^, centric, sen'trik, a. relating 
to the centre ; in the centre.— arft?. centrally. 

centralise, -iee, sen'tr^-Iz, v.(. to draw to a 
centre ; subordinate to central authority. 

centralisation, sen-tr^-i-z&'shun, n. act of 
centralizing ; state of being centralized. 

centre, sen'tar, n. the middle point of any- 
thing, esp. of a circle ; the middle.— ©.<. to 
place at or gather to a centre.— t\i. to meet 
m a centre. [turns on a central pin. I 

centre-Ut, sen't^r-bit, n. a boring-tool whichj 

centre-bMrd, sen't^r-bord, n. movable board 
used as a supplementary keel of a boat. 

centrifligal, sen-trif 'yu-g^, a. tending from 
the centre. [the centre. I 

centripetal, sen-trip'et-al, a. tending toward | 

centaple, sen'tyu-pi, a. hundred-fold. 

centuion, 8eu-ttl'ri-9n, n. a Roman captain of 
100 men. [dred years. I 

centnr^, sen'tyu-ri, n. a hundred ; a hun-| 

cephalic, sef-al'ik, a. relating to the head. 

ceramic, ser-am'ik, a. pertaining to pottery. 

cerate, sC'r^t, n. an ointment of wax and fat. 

cereaL s6're-^l, a. pertaining to edible grains. 

eerebeUnm, ser-g-bePum, n. lower posterior 
part of the brain. 

cerebral, ser'g-bral, a. pertaining to the brain. 

cerebraticn, ser-e-brft'shun, n. brain-action. 

cerebrom, ser'e-brum, n. the upper anterior 
part of the brain. 

cere-cloth. sfir'klOth, n. waxed cloth. 

ceremonial, ser-e-mO'ni-^l, n. order of a cere- 
mony.— a. pertaining to a ceremony. 

ceremcnioQS, ser-§-m0'ni-u8, a. full of cere- 
mony ; formal. — adv. ceremoniouly.— n. 
ceremonionsness. [formality.— a.ceremo'niaLj 

ceremony, ser'e-m9-ni, n. a rite ; observance;] 

cerens, ser'^-us, n. a genus of cacti, [some. 

certain. sSr'ten, -tin, a. sure ; fixed ; regular; | 

certainly, sdr'ten-lij -tin-li, adv. surely. 

certainty, s6r'ten-ti, -tin-ti, n. that which is 
certam ; full assurance. [tion., 

certificate, s^r-tif'i-k^t, n. written declara-i 

certify, ser'ti-fl, v.i. to declare in writing ; 
testify; inform positively. — n. eertiflea'- 
tion. [solute knowledge.} 

certitade, s^r'ti-tfld, n. full assurance; ab-, 

cemlean, sS-rfil'y^n, a. clear blue. 

ace, air, add, firm, ftsk, all, vis^e ; 

sgySre, ebb, her, mSk^r ; Ice, inn ; Od^r, ox, 6flf, 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 




ewieal, ser'vi-kal, a. belonging to the neck. 

Qervine. eer'vln, a. pertaining to the deer 


in, 8< 

Ml, f 

._, seB-ft'ehun, n. pause ; rest. 
, sesh'un, n. a yielaing up. [drainage.] 
1, ses'pdbl, n. a sink; pit for refuse or| 
Mta«eoii8, se-ta'shus, a. belonging to the 

whale kind. 
ehafe, chftf, v.t. to rub ; wear by rubbing ; 

fret ; irritate.— w. irritation. 
ehafJBr, chsf'^r, n. a beetle. 
eha£ chftf, 7t. the husks of grain.— a. ehaffy. 
cbafler. chafer, v.i. to bargain ; haggle.—/?. 

ehwner. [holding burning coals. I 

•hallos-dish, chftf ''ing-dish, n. a vessel for| 
•hagrin, shft-grin% n. vexation ; ill-humor.— 

r.t. to vex ; mortify. 
dtttn, chSn, n. a series of connected links ; 

a series ; a bond ; measure of 66 feet.— r'.^ 

to bind with a chain ; to bind. 
ehair, char, n. a movable seat with a back ; 

position or office ; a chairman. 
AaimuuL char'm^n. n. a presiding officer. 
ehaiM, snaz, n. a light two- ^___^ 

wheeled carriage. 
ehaleedmiy, kal-Bed'9-ni, n. 

variety of quartz of a 

milky ap- 
Chaldaio, kal- 

dfi'ik, a. per- 
taining to Chaldea. 
Chaklee, KaPde, n. a native 

of, or the language of 

AaUoe, chaPis, n. a cup ; the communion 

^alk, ch&k, 71. soft carbonate of lime.— v./. 

to rub or mark with chalk.— a. ohalky. 
«h»U«nge, chal'enj, v.t. to claim ; to sum^ 

mon to a contest ; to object to. — n. ehal- 

lennr. [iron. I 

ehalywftto, k^-ib'^-^t, a. impregnated withj 
ehanhar, chftm'b^r, n. a private room ; sleep- 
ing-room ; part of a gun which holds the 

ehMnhamin, chftm'b^r-len, n. an overseer of 

the private apartments of a prince. 
•hanibermaid, chftm'- 

ber-mSd, ^.female 

wno has charge of 

fthamaltmi, kam-61'- 

ynn, n. a lizard 

which changes its 

ehamfcr, cham'f^r, 

T.t. to shape with 

a bevelled edge. Chameleon. 



chamois, sham'wft, n. a 

kind of antelope, 
ehamois, shamM, n. a kind 

of soft leather. 
ehamomile, kam'o-mll, n. a 

medicinal herb. 
ehamp, champ, v.t. and v.i. 

to bite or chew noisily, 
champagne, sham-pan', n. r-h«.„ • 

a light, sparklftig wine. Chamois. 

champaign, sham-pan', n. an open, level 

champion, cham'pi-un, «. one who fights for 

another, or for a cause ; a hero ; chief in 

any sport, 
chance, chftns, n. an unforeseen event ; risk ; 

opportunity ; possibility.- I'.i. to happen, 
chancel, chan'sel, n. part of a church wnere 

the altar stands. 
chancellor, chan'sel-pr, n. president of a 

court of chancery, or of a university.— n. 

chancery, chan's^r-i, v. a court of equi^. 
chandeher, shan-de-l6r', n. a hanging n>ame 

for lights. [candles ; a grocer. I 

chandler, ch^nd'l^r, n. one who deals in| 
chandlery, chftnd'l^r-i, n. a chandler's wares, 
change, chanj, v.t. to exchange ; to alter.- 

v.i. to suffer change, —n. iteration ; ex- 
change ; small coin, 
changeaole, chanj'a-bl, a. subject to change ; 

fickle.— ^je^t;. changcably.— n. changeaUe- 

changeless, chanj'les, a. unchanging. 
changeling, chanj'ling, n. a child substituted 

for another. 
channel, channel, n. a i)assage for a stream ; 

furrow.— «;.<. to cut into channels, 
chant, chftnt, v.t. and v.i. to sing ; recite in a 

sinking manner.— w. a song ; singing reci- 
chantey, shftnt'i, n. a sailors' chorus, 
chantideer. chanfi-kler, 71. a cock, 
chantry, cn^nfri, n. chapel in which masses 

are celebrated. [a. chaet'ic. I 

chaos, ka'os, n. a confused mass ; disorder.— | 
chap, chap, chop, v.t. and v.i. to split or crack 

open. — n. a crack, 
chap, chap, n. a lad, a fellow, 
chapel, chap'el, n. a place of worship. 
chaperoiL snap'^-rOn, «. a hood ; one who 

attends a lady in public— v.<. to attend as 

a chaperon. [by disappointment.! 

chap-ikllen, cho|^flUlai, chop'fain,a. dejected] 
chapiter, cnap'i-t^r, n. the capital of a col- 
umn, [the army or navy, etc.] 
chaplain, chap'len, -lin, n. a clergyman in| 
chaplaincy, chap'len-si, n. the office of a 


rfbze ; llse, rfile, pill, up ; oil, out ; thin, thS ; 

get, jet ; kin, sin ; cl^ip, az(zh)ure. 
Digitized by V3OOQ IC 



ohftplet, chap'let, n. a wreath for the head ; 
a rosary. 

ehapmtn, chap'man, n. a dealer. 

ohftpg, chops, n.pi. the jaws. 

ohftpter, chap't^r, n. a division of a book ; a 
corporation of clerfflrmen. 

ohar, chftr, n. to burn to coal. 

ohuaeter, kar'ak-t^r, n. a letter ; peculiar 
qualities ; reputation ; person. 

ehwMteriftie, kar-ak-t^r-istik, a. constitut- 
ing character. — n. that which marks the 
character.— rtrfi?. shtneteristiMUy. 

ehUMtoriM, -iae, kar'ak-t^r-Iz, v.t to distin- 
guish or describe by peculiar qualities. 

ehirade, sh^-rftd', n. a kind of riadle. 

eharootl, chftr^kol, n. coal made from wood 
by baking. 

•harge, chftrj, v.t. to load ; enjoin ; attack ; 
impute to.— v.i. to make an onset.— n. 
load ; injunction ; object of care ; care ; 
accusation ^ onset. 

oharger, ch&rj'^r, n. a large dish ; a war- 
horse, [or state. I 

ehariot, char'i-pt, n. a carriage of pleasure! 

ehariouer, char-i-pt-Sr', n. one who drives a 

•hiritaUe, charM-t^bl, a. full of charity; 
liberal ; beneficent.— arft;. oharitoUy. 

ehuitj, char'i-ti. n. kind feeling ; alms- 
givmg; liberality. 

ohSrUtu, shftr^l^-tan, n. a quack ; impostor. 

•htflatury, sh&r'I^tan-ri, n. quackery ; im- 

ehiurm, ch&rm, n. a magic spell ; fascination ; 
hesiVLtY.—v.t. to enchant ; delight. — a. 
thum\n£.—adv. ehwminglT. 

ehunwr^ cnftrm'^r, n. one who charms ; one 
who inspires affection. 

•hmel-hoiiM, ch&r'nel-hous, n. a place for 
the bones of the dead. [etc. I 

ehart, ch&rt, n. map of the sea with coasts, | 

ohutff, chftrt'er, n. formal grant of privi- 
leges.— i?.^. tx) establish by charter; to 
contract for the use of a ship. 

ehtrter-pvtj, chftrt'^r-pftr-ti, n. written con- 
tract for the hire of a ship. 

ohtry, cha'ri, a. sparing; cautious. — cidv. 
ohwily.— n. eharinMS. |j>ursuit ; hunting. I 

«hMe, cnfls, v.t. to pursue ; drive away.— n.| 

ehftM, chfls, v.t. to eml)oss or engrave for 
ornament.— w. a frame for types, [space. I 

ehMm, kazm, n. a gap ; deep ravine ; voidj 

ehute, chSbt, a. pure ; refined ; modest.— 
adv. ohutely.— n. ehuteneti. 

ehaften, chSs'n, v.t. to punish ; correct. 

ohMtise, cha8-trz% v.t. to punish. 

ehutiiemani, chas'tiz-ment, n. punishment ; 
correction. tgaage. 

•hattity, chas'ti-ti, n. purity of life or lan-| 

ohat, chat, v.i. to talk familiarly or lightly. — 

n. light or familiar talk. 
ehaUd, chat'l, n. movable property. 
ehatier, chat'^r, v.i. to rattle together ; to 

talk idly.— ». idle talk, 
•htttorboz, chat'^r-boks, n. one who talks 

much or idly. 
ehatty, chat'i, a. given to chat ; talkative. 
chSp, a. and adv. of low price ; of 

small y&ine.— adv. oheaply.- ». eheapiu 

ehMven, chSp'en, v.t. to lessen the price. 

oheM, chet, n. a fraud ; deceit ; one who 
cheats; aweed.—i;.^. to deceive; defraud. 

eheek, chek, v.t. to restrain ;^ hinder ; to 
mark with a check.— «. a terra in chess ; 
restraint ; mark of verification ; order 
for money ; a checkered fabric. 

ohaeker, chelc'^r, v.t. to mark with squares 
like a chess-board ; to diversify. 

ohMkers, chek'^rz, a game played on a 
checkered board ; draughts. 

ehaekmate, chek'mSt, n. a move in chess 
which ends the game.— «\^. to defeat by 
checkmate; baffle. 

ehaek, chek, n. side of the face. 

oheer, chCr, n. joy : encouragement ; an ap- 
proving shout ; fare.— I'./, to comfort ; en- 
courage ; applaud with a cheer.— r.i. to 
give an approving shout. 

eheerfU. chCr'ful, a. joyful ; lively.— acitJ. 
eheernilly.— n. oheerftilneM. 

oheerless, chSr'les, a. without comfort ; 
gloomv.— n. eha«rlemeM. 

eheery, chfir'i, a. cheerful ; enlivening. — adv. 
eheerilT.- n. eheeriness. [a. ehMty.I 

eheete, chSz, n. the pressed curd of milk.— | 

ehtmie, kem'ik, ohemieal, a. pertaining to 
chemistry.— a</t7. ehemiMlly. 

ehtmiie, shl-mSz^ n. a woman's under-gar- 
ment. [-Also ekyoMtl 

ahemist, kem'ist, n. one skilled in chemistry.! 

ehemittry, kem'is-tri, «. the science which 
treats of the composition and properties 
of bodies. [embroidering, etc.j 

elwnille, shen-ei', n. tufted thread used in! 

oheqne, eheqii«r, see ehaek, ehaektr. 

ehemh, cher'ish, v.t. to treat with affection- 
ate care ; to hold dear. 

eheroot, 8he-r(ft)t', n. a kind of cigar. 

oherry, cher'i, n. a small stone-fruit. — a. red 
like a cherry ; made of cherry-wood. 

ehemb, cher'ub, n. a celestial being ; a beau- 
tiful child.— />/. eherabs or eheraUoi.— a. 
ehera'bio. [on a checkered board.! 

ehess, ches, n. a game played by two persons! 

eheit, chest, n. a large box ; the body inside 
the breast ; the thorax. 

ehettniit, ches'nut, n. a nut which grows in a 
prickly husk ; the tree that bears it. 

ace, air, add, firm, ftsk, &11, vis^e ; BgvSre, ebb, her, mSkfr ; Ice^^inn ; Od9r, ox, 6ff, 

Digitized by V3OOQ iC 




•kanlier, shev-^lSr^ n. a horseman ; knight ; 

gallant man. 
ehtrtux-de-frue, shev-O-d^-frCz', pointed 

timbers planted to obstnict a passage. 
ehew, chU, v.i. to grind with the teeth, 
ehiflUM, shik-Sn\ ehieaatry, shik-ftn'^-ri, n. 

tricks to deceive ; mean arfifice. 
ehiek, chik, ehkktn, chik'en, n. the young of 

fowls, [pusillanimous.! 

dueken-hearted, chik'en-hHrt-^d, a. timid ;| 
duekm-poz, chik'en-poks, n. an eruptive 

disease. [by birds. I 

AiokwMd, chik'wSd, n. a small plant eaten I 
ehieorj, chik'9-ri, n. a plant with a fleshy 

root, used to adulterate coflfee. 
ehide, chid, vJ. to rebuke ; to scold.— p./. 

timL—p.p. ehid, ehidden. 
ekifl^ chef, a. principal ; highest.— «. a 

leader ; principal person. [most part.' 
ehiefly. chCf'li, adv. principally ; for the| 
•hiafnun, chfif'tan, n. a leader or commander. 
dkiaftuiex, chSf^tan-si, ehiefkaiBship, chCf't^n- 

ship, n. ofRce of a chieftain. 
ehignon, shen'yonor, n. mass or knot of hair 

worn at the bacK of the head. 
•liilMajii chil'blfin, 11. an inflammation on 

hands or feet produced by cold. 
ehiU, child, n. a son or daughter ; very 

young person ; descendant.—;?/. ohildreiL 
ehudhoM, chlld'hud, n. state of being a child. 
diildiBh, chlldMsh, a. like a child ; puerile ; 

trifling.— a^&. ehildishly.— n. ehildishneM. 
ehildlest, chlldMes, a. having no child. 
childlike, chlldllk, a. like or befitting a 

child ; dutiful ; innocent. 
ehill, chil, n. cold that causes shivering : an 

ague-fit ; anything discouraging.— f^j. cold ; 

formal.— 1?.<. to make chill or cold ; to dis- 
courage.— acfr. ehillingly.- 77. ohilliness. 
diilly, chil'i, a. somewhat chill.— n. ohillinMS. 
eb'ine r-hT-m, rt n '^•--r 

Lff hi.U^ : liiN-. 

mony of beilts.— 

rj^ (a ]i>ciund In 

harmony ; Uy 

iign?«,— rJ. in 

cbimsrft^ ki-me'rf^, 

n. a fabul u 0^' 

m riiittt«r; idie 

fti ucy. 

a. fantabtlu j irru- 

ehiimi7, chim'ni, jk m 

fln*' fftr pjiKiiiUji.* for eiiuikv. 
thiimnirw, I hLin-piiiiVin u. 



ehin, chin, n. the projecting part of the lower 
jaw. [lain.] 

ohma, chl'n^, 71. fine earthenware ; pbrce-l 

ehinoapin, chmgk'^-pin, n. species of dwari 
chestnut. [smell. I 

ohineh. chinch, v. an insect of an offensive! 

ehinohilla, chin-chil'^, ti. a soft gray fur ; soft 
woollen yarn or fabric. 

ehine, chin, n. the spine or backbone. 

dunese, chl-nCz', a. belonging to China.— «. 
a native of, or the language of China.—;?/. 

ehink, chingk, n. a crack ; narrow opening ; 
ringing sound of metal, —r.i. and r./. to 
^ive, or cause to give, a metallic sound. 

ehmti, chints, n. cotton cloth printed in 

ehip^ chip, v.t. to cut or break off in small 
pieces.— w. a piece chipped off. 

ehipmunk^ chip'mungk, n. a small squirrel- 
like animal ; ground-squirrel. 

ehirography. kl-rog'rci-fl, n. handwriting.— 
penmanship.— a. ehirograph'ie. 

ohirographer, Kl-rog'r^f?r, n. a writer ; a 
penman. [operator on the feet. I 

ehiropodist, kl-rop'p-^ist, n. a corn-doctor ;| 

ehin, chSrp, v.i. to make a short, shrill note 
liKe a cricket.— M. ehirving. 

ehirmp, chir'up, v.i. to cnirp merrily ; chat- 
ter gaily. [taining to surgery. ' 

ehimrgicu, kl-rur'ji-k^l, a. surgical ; per- 

ehiseL chiz'el, n. a cutting 
tool, used by carpenters, ' ^- -W^^^ 
etc.— v.i. to cut with a Chisel, 


chit, chit, 7i. a small or pert child. 

ehit-chat, chit'chat, n. light, familiar talk. 

ohiTalroiis, chiv'^l-rus, oniTalrie, chiv-arrik, 
a. pertaining to chivalry ; knightly ; gal- 

ehiyeby, chiv'sil-ri, n. the system or usages 
of knighthood ; heroism ; magnanimity. 

ohive, chlv, n. a kind of onion. 

ehloral, klO'r?,!, n. a sedative medicine. 

ehlontte, klo'rSt, n. compound of chloric 
acid with a base. 

ehloride, klO'rid, n. a compound of chlorine 
with another elementary substance. 

ehlorine, klO'rin, n. a greenish gas. 

ohloroform, klO'rO-form, n. a volatile liquid, 
composed of chlorine and formyl. 

ohloropnyll, klO'r<;>-fi], n. green coloring mat- 
ter in plants. 

ehoeoUte, chok'o-l^t, n. a preparation of ca- 
cao nuts, or the beverage made from it. 

ehoek, chok, v.t. to secure or fasten with a 

ehoek-fUl, eheke-fUl, chok'ful, chok-, a. full 
to repletion ; crammed. 

dbze ; Use, rfile, poll, up ; oil, out ; thin. 

thS ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



ehoioe, chois, n. act of choosing ; thing 
chosen ; preference. — a. select ; rare. 

ohoir, kwlr, n. band of singers, esp. of a 
church ; part of a church. 

ehoke, chok, v.t. to suffocate ; to obstruct.— 
v.i. to be choked or obstructed, [mines. I 

«hoke-duDp, chok'damp, n. noxious ^as in{ 

eheler, kor^r, n. bile ; anger ; irascibility. 

cholera, kol'^r-ft, n. an epidemic disease. 

ehol«rie,kol'9r-ik, a. irascible ; hot-tempered. 

ehoMe, ch(ft)z, v.t. to make choice of ; select. 
—v.i. to have power of choice ; to will. — 
p.t. thM%,—p.p. ehoten. 

OAop, chop, v.t. to cut with a sudden blow, or 
into small pieces, —n. a small piece of meat. 

ehop^fkllen, cnop'fftln, a. dejected by disap- 
pointment, [ping- 1 

ehepper, chop'^r, n. an instrument for chop-J 

ehep-snekf. chop'stiks, small rods used 
by the Cninese in eating. 

ehoral, kO'rftl, a. belonging to a chorus.— n. 
sacred music for a choir. 

ehord, kord, n. string of a musical instru- 
ment ; combination of tones in harmony ; 
line joining the extremities of an arc. 

ohoristar, kor'is-t^r, n. a member of a choir. 

ohoroi, ko'ras, n. company of singers ; part 
of music for many voices. 
, choz, p.t. of onoote. 
0, chOz^n, p.p. of ehoote. 

olMnglL chuf, n. a bird resembling a crow. 

ehow-enow, chou'chou, n. pickle of mixed 
ingredients. [fish. I 

ehowdtf. chou'd^r, n. a stew of fish or shell-] 

ohrism, krizm, n. ointment ; holy unction.— 
a. ehrifmaL [Messiah. I 

Chriit, krist, n. the Anointed One ; the| 

christen, kris'n, v.t. to baptize and name. — n. 

Christendom, kris'n-d^m, n. the whole body 
of Christians ; all the regions inhabited 
hj Christians. 

Christian, krist'y^n, n. one who follows the 
religion of Christ.— a. relating to Christ or 
his religion. [Christ. I 

Christianity, kris-ti-an'i-ti, n. the religion of I 

Christmas, kris'mas, n. the anniversary or 
the birth of Christ ; the 25th of December. 

chromatic, krO-matMk, a. pertaining to col- 
ors ; proceeding by semi-tones in music. 

chromatics, krO-mat'iks, n. the science of 
colors. [pigments are made. I 

chrome, krOm, n. a metalfrom which various! 

chromosphere krO'mo-sfSr, n. luminous gas- 
eous envelope surrounding the sun. 

chrome, krO'mO, n. contraction for chromo- 

chromolithograph, krO'mo-lith'o-graf, n. a 
lithograph printed in several colors. 

chronic, kron'ik, a. lasting a long time : en- 
during, [v.t. to record in a chronicle. I 

chronicle, kron'i-kl, n. a record of events. — | 

chronicler, kron'ik-l^r, n. one who writes a 
chronicle. [clironology.j 

chronologist, krO-nol'^jist, n. one versed in| 

chronology. krO-noF^-ji, n. science of deter- 
mining historical dates ; a record of dates. 
—a. 96moiog'ia»X.—adv. chronolog'ieally. 

chronometer^ kro-nom'^-t^r, n. an accurate 
kind of time-piece. 

ehronometric, kro-no-met'rik, a. pertaining to 
a chronometer, or the measuring of time. 

chrysalis, kris'^lis. n. form assumed by some 
insects before they become winged.— p/. 
ohrysal'ides, -i-d6z. 

chrysanthemnm, kris-an'the-mnm, n. a flow- 
ering plant of the aster family. 

ehrysoute, kris'9-llt, n. a precious stone of a 
golden tinge. 

ehnb. chub, n. a small river-fish. [Umss.1 

ehnboy, chub'i, a. stout ; plump.— n. ehnb-] 

ehnck. chuk, n. device for holding an object 

chnck. chuk, v.t. to toss ; strike playfnlly. 

chncUe, chuk^l, v.i. to laugh in tne throat.— 
n. chuckle. [associate.! 

ehnm, chum, n. a chamber-fellow : intimatej 

chunk, chungk. n. a thick, short piece. 

ehnreh, church, n. a Christian place of wor- 
ship ; body of Christians ; the clergy. 

chnrchman, church^man, n. a clergyman ; 
member of the English Church. 

churchwarden, church 'wftr-den, n. an officer 
of the church, [yard attached to a church. I 

churchyard, church'ySrd, n. a yard or grave-| 

ehnrL churl, n. a rustic ; rude person. 

churlish, churl'ish, a. rude; Burly.—adv. 
ehnrrishly.— n. ehnrlishness. 

ehnm, chum, v.t. to agitate violently, as 
cream in making butter.— n. a vessel in 
which cream is churned. 

ehnte, shdbt, n. a slide; inclined plane: 
rapid in a stream. [food by digestion. 

chyle, kll, n. a milky liquid formed from the| 

chyme, kim, n. the pulp to which the food is 
reduced in the stomach. 

dcatriee, sik'^tris, n. scar of a healed wound. 

cicatrise, -ise, sik'^-trTz, v.i. to heal, as a 
wound.— 72. cicatrisation. 

cicerone, sis-er-O'ne, chich-, n. a guide who 
explains local curiosities. 

Ciceronian. sis-er-On'i-an, a. relating to Ci- 
cero ; eloquent like Cicero. 

cider, slider, n. fermented juice of apples. 

d^, si-gar% n. a roll of tobacco for smok- 
ing, [paper for smoking. I 

cigarette, si^-a-ret', n. tobacco rolled in| 

cimetu, sim'i-tar, w. a curved Oriental sword. 

flee, §ir, add, &rm, ftsk, &11, visage ; sgvCre, ebb, her, mftk^r ; Ice, inn ; 0d9r, ox, 6tL 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



, 8im-6r'i-^n, a. extremely dark. 
, sinch, n. a wide, strong girth, 
ma, sin-kO'nft, -chO'nft, n. tree produc- 
ing the Peruvian bark ; Peruvian bark. 

dnetnre, singkt'jrnr, n. a girdle ; belt.— 1\/. to 
garround as with a girdle. 

fiinder, ein'd^r, n. refuse of burnt coal. 

onenry, sin'^r-^-ri, a. pertaining to, or hold- 
ing ashes. 

dmiMar, sin'a-bftr, n. an ore of mercury. 

dniuunon, sinVmpn^ ^- aromatic bark of a 

wmnafoil, singk'foil, n. an ornament in 
architecture with five leaves or lobes ; 
plant with five-fold leaves. 

duwr, si'fer, n. the figure ; anything of 
little value ; interlaced initials ; secret 
writing.— r.i. to reckon in figures.— t;.^ to 
write in cipher. 

GSneaa, ser-sC'^n, a. pertaining to the en- 
chantress Circe ; magical. 

eirda, serk'l, n. a continuous ^*— ^ 
carved line of which every /^ >v 
point is equally distant from / \ 

the centre ; space inclosed by I ) 

such line ; a ring ; company V / 

of persons. — v.t. to move ^*^*-_>^ 
round.- r.i. to move in a circle. 

dnlet, s^rk'let, n. a small circle. 

dieiiit^ s^rk'it, n. round travelled over ; sur- 
rounding region, [not direct, I 

flireutoiu, s^r-ktl'i-tus, a. going in a circuit '| 

drenlAT, sSr'kva-l^r, a. like a circle ; round. 
— H. an address to a circle of persons. — 
adv. dreolarly.- ;?. ebenlar'ity. 

drenlate, ser'kyu-lst, v.t. to pass round ; to 
spreaa. — vA. to move round. 

azralation, ser-kyu-lft'shun, ;/. act of moving 
round • money in use. [rounding. I 

drenauunuant, s^r-kum-am'bi-ent, a. sur-| 

dieQiiieise, s^r'kumsTz, v.t. to deprive of the 
foreskin. [cumcising.l 

orenmeisum, ser-kum-sizh'un, n. act of cir-| 

dnomfiffeBee, s^r-kum'f^r-ens, n. line that 
bounds a circle.— a. drenmferen'tial. 

dreunflez. ser'kum-fleks, n. an accent 
marked over certain letters, as d, §, §. 

eireimuMeiit, s§r-kum-jft'sent, a. lying around. 

dramuoeatun, s^r-kum-lp-ktl'shnn, 

roundabout expression.— a. eireninloo'iitorjr. 
drvunmafigtie, ser-kum-nav'i-g&t, v.i. to sail 
round.— n. droxunnaTiffa'tioii. 

drenmipeet, ser'kum-spekt, a. watchful ; 
cautious.— arft\ oirenmspeetly.— t^. oirevm- 

oironmstuioe, ser'kum-st^ns, n. something 
pertaining to a fact; an incident.— ;>/. 
state of one's affairs. [circumstances. 

dreomstaaoed, ser'kum-stanst, a. placed in| 

drenmsUntitl, s^r-kum-stan'sh^l, a. consist- 
ing of circumstances ; particular ; de- 
idMefi.—adv. drenmitoa'tially. 

dreomstantiate, ser-kum-stan'shi-ftt, v.t. to 
prove by circumstances. 

drenmyallatien, ser-kum-val-fi'shun, n. wall 
or fortification surrounding a place. 

drenmvent, ser-kum-vent', v.t. to outwit ; 
deceive ; baffle.— n. dreunyention. 

drramTolve, ser-kum-volv', v.i. and v.t. to 
turn in a circle ; roll round.— «. drenin- 

oireiu, ser'kus, v. an inclosed space for the 
exhibition of games or feats of horseman- 
ship, [cloud. I 

dmUj sir'rus, n. a curled or tufted form of | 

dsalpme, sis-al'pin, a. on that side of the Alps 
which is nearer to Rome, [the Atlantic. I 

dsatlantio, sis-at-lau'tik, a, on this side of | 

oistem, sis't^rn, n. a reservoir for water. 

dtadel, sit'^el, n. a fortress in or near a city. 

dtation, sT-tft'shun, 71. summons ; quotation. 
—a. d'tatory. 

oite, sit, v.t. to summon ; quote ; name. 

dthara, sith'^-r^, n. an ancient lyre. 

dthem, sith'ern, n. a kind of lute. 

dtiien, sit'i-zen, n. an inhabitant of a city ; 
member of a commonwealth. 

oitannship, sit'i-zen-ship,n. rights of a citizen. 

dtrate, sit'rat, n. a salt of citric acid. 

dtne, sit'rik, a. derived from lemons or 

dtrine, sit'rin, a. of a yellowish green color. 

dtron, sit'run, n. a fruit of the lemon kind. 

city, sit'i, n. an incorporated town. 

wvL^ siv'et, n. a perfume obtained from the 
civet-cat, [which civet is obtained.! 

dvet-eat, siv'et-kat, n. the animal fromj 

dvic, siv'ik, a. relating to a city or citizens. 

dvil, siv'il, a. pertaining to a city or citi- 
zens ; polite ; intestine (of war). 

dvilian, siv-il'yan, n. one versed in civil 
law ; one engaged in civil pursuits. 

dvilisation, siv-il-i-za'nhun. n. act of civil- 
izing ; state of being civilized. 

^ dvllixe, -ise, siv'il-Iz, v.t. to instruct in arts 

•▼imitcr, s^r-kum-nav'i-ga-tpr, «. one and refinements. [ness.l 

who sails, or has sailed, round, dvility, siv-il'i-ti, w. good breeding ; polite-| 

•ireiimpolar, sSr-kum-pO'l^r, a. surrounding dvil serviee, siv'il s^r'vis, n. that part of a 

one of the poles. government's administration that is not 

drauiuMribe, ser'kum-skrib, v.t. to inclose ; military ; body of unmilitary public si'r- 

limit.— //. drenmserip'tion. vants. 

(Anse ; tlse, rftle, pull, up; oil, out; thin, th^\ get, jet; kin, sin; chip, az(zh)ure. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 




elaek, klak, v.i. to make a sharp noise ; to 
prate or gossip.— f?. gossip ; idle talk. 

olu, klad, p.p. of elotiu. 

eUim, klftm, v.t. to demand as a right. — n. 
demand for an alleged right ; anything 

elaimtnt, kl&m'^nt, n. one who claims. 

elairToyuM, klftr-voi'^ns, n. the power to 
see objects normally invisible. 

eliirvoyuit, klfir-voi'ant, n. one who pos- 
sesses clairvoyance, 

dam. klam, n. a bivalve shell-flsh. [culty.l 

eUmiwr, k1am'b<pr, v.i. to climb with difn-| 

elunmy, klam'i, a. damp ; adhesive.— n. 

J klam'^r, n. noise of loud voices.— 
v.i. to cry aloud. 

olamortos, klam'pr-ns, a. crying aloud ; 
noisy in words ; vociferous. 

olunp, klamp, ti. something that binds or 
fastens.- 1?.<. to bind or compress with a 

•Ian, klan, n. a tribe ; family ; set of persons. 

dandestine, klan-des'tin, a. secret ; con- 
cealed.— arfi;. dandM'tinely. 

dug, klang, n. a ringing sonnd, as of metal 
struck.— tJ.i. to give a clang. [noise. I 

danffor. klang'gpr, n. a clang ; loud rmgingi 

daai, klangk. n. a light clang; sound or 
struck metal. 

dumiflh, klan'ish, a. closely united, like a 
clan.— ao^t;. dMinighly.- w. dumishneM. 

danship, klan'ship, n. union in a clan. 

da|, klap, n. sound produced by the colli- 
sion of two flat surfaces: applause by 
clapping the hands ; a sudden peal.— t?.^ 
to strike together, or bring together sud- 
denly ; to applaud by striking the hands. 

dapboud, klap'bOrd, n. a weather-board 

olapp«r, klap'er, n. 

tongue of a bell 

one who claps ; the 

olap-trap, klap'trap, n. trick to gain applause. 

olaqne. klak, n. body of hired applauaers. 

danndoii, klar'en-dpn, n. kind of heavy- 
faced tvpe. [In this book the words to be 
defined are in clarendon type,] 

daret, klar'et, n. wine of Bordeaux, 

darifleatien, klar-i-fi-kft'shnn, n. act of clari- 
fying, [come clear. I 

daniy. klar'i-fl, v.f. and v.i. to make or be-| 

darinet, klar-i-net'. g ^ 
n. a wind instni- p J^l yu ii^mijai ■■^n-p^ 
ment with vi- riarinpt 

bratingreed. Clarinet. 

darioB, klar'i-9n, n. a kind of trumpet. 

darity, klar'i-ti, n. clearness ; lucidity. 

elath, klaah, v.t. and v.i. to strike together 
with a harsh sound ; oppose.— n. a noisy 

dup, klftsp, n. a hook or catch for fasten- 
ing ; an embrace.— ».i. to fasten with a 
clasp : embrace. 

dan-nift, kl^sp'nlf, n. knife of which the 
blade shuts into the handle. 

daw^ klfts, n. a rank or order of persons or 
things.— t;.^ to form into a class ; assign 
place in a class. 

danie, klasMk, olasdeal, klas'ik-^, a. of the 
highest class, egp. in literature ; pertaining 
to the c\a»sic».— adv. elatdeally.— n. daasi- 
eality. [Roman writers ; best authors. I 

daisiM, klas'iks, the best Greek andj 

dasiiiy, klas'i-fl^ v. to form into a class ; 
assign a place m a class.— ra. dassiftea'tMiL 

datter, klar^r, n. a rattling noise,— r.t. to 
make a rattling noise. [document.! 

daoM, kl&z, n. part of a sentence ; part of a| 

danstral, kl&s'tr^l, a. pertaining to a cloister. 

•lave, klSv, p.t. of •Imiv^. [•lavi^'idar. 

daTlde, klav'i-kl, n. the collar-bone. — a.\ 

•law, kl&, n. a hooked nail : anything like a 
hooked nail.— t?.^. to scratch or dr^ with 
the claws. 

day, klft, n. a plastic earth.— a. dayey. 

•laymon, klS'mOr, n. a Highland broad- 

d^aa. kl6n, a. free from dirt ; pure. —adv. 
entirely.— 1?.<. to make clean.— w. •lean- 

olMoly, klen'li, a. habitually clean; neat.— 
adv. in a cleanly manner. — n. dtialinew. 

•l^anie, klenz, v.t. to make clean ; purify, 

•loar, kl6r, a. bright ; transparent ; unob- 
structed ; plain.— arft;. completely.— r.^ to 
make clear ; free from charges ; acquit ; 
to pass bv or over ; to make profit.— t?.t. 
to grow clear.— n. dMniMM. [mit to sail. I 

•Isaranee, klSr'^ns, n. removal ; oflScial per-l 

•learinff, klSr'ing, n. tract of land cleared of 
wooa. manks settle their balances.] 

•iMtfing-hooM, klSr'ing-hous, n. office where! 

•iMtfly, klSr'lI, adv. brightly ; plainly ; evi- 
dently, [mast, etc.! 

dMki, kl6t, n. a block fastened to a post,! 

dsar^, klSv, v.t. to split ; to sever. — v.i. to 
crack ; part asunder.— p. <. dove or deft.— 
p.p. dovm or deft. [deared or elave. ! 

deav^, klSv, v.i. to stick; to adhere.-^.i!.' 

•iMtvage. kl6v'^j, n. manner or direction of 

dMiver, klCv'^r, n. a butcher's chopper. 

elef^ kief, n. a character in music which in- 
dicates the key. 

deft, kleft, n. a split or crack. 

d^ft, kleft, a. split ; cloven. 

elematis, kiem'^tis, n. a climbing plant. 

element, klem'ent, a. mild ; gentle ; merci- 
ful.— otfu. elemenfly.— 

See, air, add, ftrm, ^sk, &11, visage ; 

8§v6re, ebb, h^r, mftk^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, Off, 

Digitized by V3OOQ iC 




, klench, v.t. to gripe; hold tightly; 

make fast. [p^^ collectively. 

dersy, kler'ji, w. the ministers of the Go8-| 

dsrgyman, kler'ji-m^n, n. a minister of the 

dcrie, kler'ik, elerioftl, kler'ik-^1, a. pertain- 
ing to the clergy, or to a clerk or writer. 

dtric, kl^rk (klUrk in England), n. one who 
responds to the priest in the English 
Church ; a writer or accountant. 

derkihii, klerk'ship, n. office of a clerk. 

tl0v«r, Klev'^r, a. dexterous ; ingenious ; 
having talent. — adv. elcverly.— w. oley«r- 
1M88. [beam. I 

deris, klev'is, n. loop at the end of a plow-| 

•lew. klft, n. a ball of thread; anything 
which leads to the solution of a mystery. 
— v.t. to truss up a sail to the yard, 

diek, kJik, n. a short, sharp sound.— v.i. to 
give a click. 

dMmt, kll'ent, n. a dependent ; one who em- 
ploys an attorney. [customers.! 

eliimttlft, klS-en-ter, n. body of clients or| 

diC klif, n. a steep rock ; precipice. 

dunate^ kll'm^t, n. temperature and atmos- 
pheric conditions of a country ; region of 
country distinguished by a certam tem- 
perature, etc.— a. olimat'io. 

elJTw^it^ kirmaks, n. a gradated increase in 
importance or impressiveness ; the sum- 
mit or extreme ponit. 

dimb, kllm, v.t. and v.i. to mount by use of 
hands and feet ; to ascend with difficulty. 

elima, kllm, n. a climate ; region of country. 

dindi, klinch, v.t. to fasten a nail by bend- 
ing the point ; to fix or confirm. 

ding, kling, v.i. to adhere ; hold fast to.— 
p.t. and jo.p. dnBf . 

dmie, klin 'ik, a. pertaining to a sick-bed.— n. 
medical instruction given at the bed-side 
of the patient. 

dink, klingk, ra. a light ringing sound.— r.i. 
and v.t. to give, or cause to ^ive, a clink, 

dinker, klingk '^r, //. slag which forms in 
furnaces. [oflf. — n. part shorn off, I 

dif, klip, v.t. to trim with shears ; to cut| 

dipper, klip'^r, n. a sharp fast-sailing vessel. 

diine, kiek, n. a set of persons united for a 
purpose ; a faction. 

dMMk, klO-ak'^ n. a sewer ; cesspool. 

dMk, klok. n. a loose outer garment; mantle; 
a concealment. — v.t. to cover with a cloak: 
to disguise. [time. 

dtdc, klok, n. a machine for measuring! 

dtdc, klok, n. embroidery on the ankle of a 
stocking, [clock, or like that of a clock. I 

dMk-work, klok'wurk, n. machinery of a| 

d«i, klod, n. a lump of earth.— t?.i. to collect 
into a lump. 

dod-hopper, klod'hop-^r, n. a rustic ; a clown. 

dog, klog, v.t. to obstruct by accumulation ; 
to impede.— 7i. an obstruction ; heavy 
wooden shoe. 

oloister, klois't^r, n. a monastery; arcade 
belonging to a monastery, etc. — v»t. to 
confine in a monastery, etc. 

dose, klOs, a. confined ; narrow ; near ; hid- 
den.— «rfy. in a close manner; near.— «. 
[klOz] an inclosed ^psice.—adv. doeely.— 
n. doieness. 

dote, klOz, v.t. to shut • terminate,— r.i. to 
shut ; come to an end.— w. an end ; con- 
clusion, [cess.— t\i. to place in a closet. I 

eloset, kloz'et,^n. a small room ; closed re-| 

dosnie. klo'zhiir, n. act of closing. 

dot, klot, n. mass of liquid coagulated.— v.i. 
to form into clots. 

doth, klOth, n. woven fabric. 

elothe, klO<A, v.t. to cover or furnish with 
clothes.— ».;>. dothed or dad. 

olothes, klO^Az, garments ; dress. 

olothier, klO^A'yer, n. one who makes or soils 
cloths or clothes. 

dothing, klo/^'ing, n. garments ; apparel. 

doture, klO-tflr', n. actor power or closing 
discussion in a deliberative body. 

dond, kloud, n. mass of vapors ; volume 
of dust or smoke ; a multitude.— t?.^ to 
darken with clouds ; to darken ; to stain 
in patches.— ??.i. to become clouded. 

elondless, kloud'les, a. free from clouds. 

dondy, kloud'i, a. covered with clouds ; oh- 
Bcnrfi.—adv. dondily.— n. dondiness. 

olont, klout, n. a paten ; rag ; piece of cloth. 
— v.t. to patch. [tree.! 

dove, klOv, n. the aromatic bud of the clove-| 

oloven, klOv'n, p.p. of deave. 

doTor, klo'v^r, n. the trefoil ; a plant with 
triple leaves. 

down, kloun, n. a rustic ; boor ; buffoon. 

downish, klounMsh, a. like a clown.— adv. 
elowniahly.— n. downiahneei. 

doT, kloi, v.t. to satiate ; to disgust. 

dub, klub, n. an association of p«rson8 for a 
common purpose ; a heavy stick ; one of 
the suits of cards.- v.^ to unite for a pur- 
pose ; contribute to a common fund ; to 
strike with a club ; wield as a club.— v.i. 
to join in a club. [foot.— a. elnb-foeted.! 

elnb-foot, klub'fut, n. a deformity of the) 

elnek, kink, v.i. to call as a hen. 

due, klfi, see clew. 

dump, klump, n. a cluster of trees or bushes. 

cliunsy, klum'zi, a. ill-shaped ; awkward.— 
adv. dnmiily.— n. dnmiiness. 

dung, klung, p.t. and p.p. of eling. 

duster, klus'ter, n. a bunch ; group.— v.i. to 
grow or gather into a cluster. 

dbze ; tlse, rtUe, p&ll, up ; oil, out ; 

thin, th^ ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(£h)ure. 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 




olnteh, kluch, n. a grasp ; gripe ; c\aw.—v.t. 
to grasp ; grip. [noise. I 

elntter, klur<pr, n. confusion ; confused] 

olyster. Idis't^r, n. an injection ; enema. 

ooMh, kOch, n. a large four-wheeled carriage. 
—v.t. to carry in a coach. [coach I 

iwajiiiinaii kOch'm^n, n. one who drives a| 

eoMyator, kO-ad-jdb't^r, n. an assistant ; as- 
sociate.— /"em. eoft^ntrix. 

eoagnlate, k'O-ag'yu-lat, v.i. to curdle or clot. 
—v.t. to cause to curdle or clot.— «. ooagn- 

eoaffnlmn, ko-ag'ya-lum, n. a clot or curd. 

eofti, kol, 71. charred wood ; a combustible 
fossil procured by mining.— v.i. to take in 

ootlMoe, ko-a-les', v.i. to grow together; 
unite.— a. ooileseeni— 7^ OMleseenee. 

ooalition, ko-a-lish'un, n. union ; combina- 
tion ; alliance, [eousely.- /^ eoarMness.! 

eouw, kOrs, a. gross ; rough ; rude. — adv.] 

eoast, kOst, n. border of land next the sea.— 
v.t. and t\i. to sail by the coast. 

eoast, kOst, v.i. to slide or ride down a slope 
by the force of gravity. [the coast. I 

eoMtar, kOst'^r, n. a vessel that sails along| 

ooat, kOt, n. an outer garment ; covering or 
\&yeT.—v.t. to cover with a coat, [coats. I 

«Mtme, kot'ing, n. a covering ; material for| 

«Mt-ox-ann8, kot'-pv-armz', n. heraldic bear- 
ings; escutcheon. [wheedle.! 

eou, koks, v.t. to persuade by fondling ; tol 

oob, kob, n. spike bearing the grains or 
maize ; a small, sturdy horse. 

oobalt, kO'b&It, n. a brittle metal. 

eobble, kob'l. v.t. to mend coarsely. 

oobMtr, kob'l^r, n. a mender of shoes. 

oobblestone, kobl'stOn, n. a rough, rounded 
stone for paving. [and Africa. 

eobra, kOb'r^, n. a venomous serpent of Asia 

«obwob, kob'web, n. a spider's web. [plant. 

eocftj kO'ka, n. a medicinal South American 

oocaine, kO'ka-in, 72. an anaesthetic pre- 
pared from coca. [yielding a red dye.j 

ooohineal, koch-i-n61\ kuch-, n. an insect| 

cook, koK, fi. the male of various birds, esp. 
of the domestic fowl ; a tap for liquor ; 
pile of hay ; hammer of a gun. — v.t. to set 
erect ; draw back the hammer of a gun. 

oookade, kok-Sd\ n. knot of ribbon worn in 
the hat. [rot. I 

ooekatoo, kok-a-ttft)', n. kind of crested par-| 

oookatriee, kok'a-tris, -tris, v. a fabulous ser- 

oooker, kok'^r, n. a kind of spaniel. 

oookle, kok'l, n. a weed ; bivalve shell-fish. 

eookloft, kok'loft, n. a loft just under the 

oookney, kok'ni, n. a native of London. 

eeokptt, kok'pit, n. area where cocks fight ; 
room under the gun-deck in a ship. 

oookroaeh, kok'rOch, n. a troublesome insect. 

eoekgeomb, koks'kom, n. kind of flowering 
plant. [with spiritsJ 

eookUil, kok'tftl, n. a mixed drmk prepared] 

0000, ooooa, kO'kO, n. a species of palm pro- 
ducing the coco-nut, 

ooooa, kO'ko, n. a beverage prepared from 
the seeds of the cacao. 

oooo-nitt, kO'kO-nut', n. large edible fruit of 
a palm, ^ften misspelled cocoa-.) 

ooooon, k9-kobn% n. filamentous case span by 
silk-worms and various larvae. 

eoooontry, kp-kdbn'^-ri, n. place for raising 

ood, kod, n. a ma- 
rine fish ; a pod. 

ooddle, kod'l, v.t. 
to pamper; 

oodo, kOd. n. a di- ^^^ 

gestoflaws. ^^^ 

oodox. kOMeks. n. an ancient manuscript. 

oodioil, kod'i-sil, n. supplement to a will. 

oodiftr, kod'i-fl, v.t. form into a code.— «. 


oo-odnofttion, ko'ed-yu-ka'shun, n. the educa- 
tion of both sexes together. 
oooffleiont, ko-ef-flsh'ent, a. jointly operative. 

— n. something which co-operates. — adv. 

oooffloionflT.— 7t. oooffldonoT. 
oooqual, kO-e'kw^l, a. eqnaJ with another.— 

adv. oooanally.— ra. eooiul'ity. 
oooroo, ko-ers', v.t. to restrain or compel by 

force,— w. oooroioiL— a. oooreiTe. 
oootonud, kO-e-tdr'n^l, a. equally eternal. 
oooraL kO-S'v^l, a. of the same age. [time. I 
ooozifi, ko-egz-ist', v.i. to exist at the samel 
oooziitonoo, kO-egz-ist'ens, n. existence at the 

same time.— «. oooziitoni 
eooxtond, ko-eks-tend^ v.t. and v.i. to extend 

to the same limit, [sion.— a. oooxtoiiMiYt.| 
oooztoniion, ko-eks-ten'shun, n. equal exten-j 
oolIiM, kof'i, n. the seed of a 

tropical tree ; a drink made 

of It. [for treasure.! 

ooffer, kof'^r, ».a chest,««/).| 
ooffw-dam, kof'^r-dam, n. a ^ 

tight frame for exclading 

water from works in the 

bed of a river, etc. 
ooiBn, kof'in, n. chest for a 

dead body.— t?.^. to place 

inacoflln. [wheel. I 

eoff, kog, n. the tooth of a| Coffee 
oogont, KO'jent, a. forcible ; 

convincing, — adv. oogontly.- fi. ooconey. 
oogitato, koj^-tftt, v.i. to think ; meditate. 

ftce, air, add, arm, ask, ail, vis^e ; sfivSre, ebb, h6r, mak^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, dflf, 

» Digitized by LjOOQIC 



koj-i-tft'ghun, n. deep thought : 
meditation. [given to meditation. 

MgitettT«» koj'i-t^tiv, a. able to meditate ;| 

MgBM, kOn'yak, n. a fine French brandy. 

ttfnttt. kog'nfttf a. akin by blood ; related. 
—n, eognation. [be known or investigated.! 

MfninUe, kog^ni-z^bl, kon'-, a. that may| 

Mgnisaaee, koj^'ni-zstns, kon'-, n. knowledge ; 
notice ; distinguishing mark. 

•Mnisani, kog'ni-z^nt, kon'-, a. having 
knowledge of. 

Mgnitien, kog-nish'un, n. knowledge. 

••CBMneii, kog-nO'men, 71. a surname ; ad- 
ditional name. 

ethaUt, kO-hab'it, v.i. to live together, esp. as 
man and wif e.— n. oohabitation. [heiress, i 

M-htir, kO-§r% n. a joint-heir.— /(gm. eo-| 

Mhtn. kO-hSr% v.i. to stick together ; follow 

echennee, kO-her'ens^ n. a sticking together ; 
consistent connexion.— a. oohereni —ac/v. 

Mhefion, kO-hS'zhun, n. act of cohering ; 
attraction between the atoms of a body ; 

fthethr«, kO-h6z'iv, a. having the power or 
tendency to cohere.— arfv. eohe8ively.--w. 

etkort, kO'hOrt. n. a division of the Roman 
legion ; band of soldiers. 

Mi£ Koif , n. a head-dress, [dressing the hair. I 

osiftm, koif'tlr, n. a heaa-dress ; style of | 

Mil, koil, v.t. to wind into rings.— n. ring 
into which a flexible body is wound ; con- 
foBion ; noise. 

MUi, koin, n. stamped money.— «.<. to con- 
vert into money by stamping ; to fabricate. 

Minute, koin'^1, n. act or coining ; money 
coined ; fabrication. 

eefa(ni<t. kO-in-sTd^ v.i. to agree ; concur. 

winddenee, kO-in'ei-dens, n. simultaneous 
occurrence of two or more events not con- 
nected. — a. eoineident. [terfeitmoney.l 

Miser, koin'^r, n. one who coins, esp. coun-| 

ooir, koir, n. fibre of the coco-nut husk. 

Mke, kok, n. baked fossil coal, [cullender.! 

•tbuuer. kuPcn-d^r, n. a kind of strainer ; a| 

etU, kOId, a. without heat ; without passion ; 
indifferent.— n. absence of heat; sensa- 
tion produced by absence of heat; dis- 
temper caused by cold.— arft;. eoldly.— n. 
mMbms. [cold metal.! 

0^-«liisel, kold'chiz'el, n. chisel for cutting) 

odMfttra, kO-lfi-op't^r-^, an order of in- 
sects having hard wing-cases.— a. mImp- 
termu. [fine. I 

Mleilnr. kol'slft, n. a salad of cabbage cut| 

edewtrt kol'wurt, n. a kind of cabbage. 

edie, koVik, n. pam in the bowels. 

Mllftborate, kol-lab'9-rat, v.i. to co-operate in 

oollabonttor, kol-lab'p-rat-pr, n. one who co- 
operates in any work. 

Mlliipse, kol-laps', v.i. to fall together ; be 
crushed in.— w. a falling together ; over- 
throw ; prostration. 

Uu, kol'^r, n. something worn round the 
neck ; a ring or band.— t?.^. to seize by the 

De, kol'ar-bOn, n. bone connecting 
the shoulder-blade and breast-bone. 

Mllate, kol-lat% v.t. to examine and compare ; 
place in order, 

eoUAteral, kol-lat'^r-^l, a. side by side ; paral- 
lel ; descending by parallel lines ; accom- 
panying, [light repast.! 

Muatioii, Kol-lft'shnn, n. act of collating ; a| 

eollfttor, kol-lft'tpr, n. one who collates. 

eolleagae, kol'lSg, n. an associate in office.— 
v.t. and v.i. (kpl-lCg') to associate in office. 

Mlleet, kpl-lekt', v.t. to gather ; assemble.— 
v.i. to accumulate. 

eolleet, kol'ekt, w. a short prayer. 

Mlleeted, kol-lekt'ed, a. calm ; undisturbed. 
—adv. Mlleetedly.- n. MlleetedneM. 

eoIleetioiL kol-lek'shun, n. act of collecting ; 
that which is collected ; assemblage. 

Mlieetive, k9l-lekt'iv, a. formed by assem- 
bling; gathered together.— ok^t;. eolleet- 

ooUeetor, kol-lek'tpr, n. one who collects. 

Mlleetorship, k^l-lek'tpr-ship, n. office of a 
collector, e^. of revenue. 

Mll^e, kol'ej, n. an organized community 
with a definite pursuit ; a seminary of 

eollegiui, k9l-16j'an, n. a member of a college. 

Mllegitte, kol-iej'^t, a. pertaining to a col- 
lege or collegians. 

Mllioe, kol-lld', v.i. to dash together. 

eoUie, kori, n. a kind of sheep-dog. 

eoUier, kol'y^r, n. one who mmcs coal ; ship 
that carries coal. 

eoUiery, koPy^r-i, n. a coal-mine. 

eoUision, kpl-lizh'un, ti. act of dashing to- 
gether ; conflict. [ers ; to station.! 

MJlootte, kol'lO-kat, r.t. to place with oth-| 

oollMfttion, kol-lO-kft'shun, n. act of collocat- 
ing ; station. 

Mlloention. kol-lo-kfl'shun, n. conversation. 

collodion, kol-ld'dl-9n, n. a solution of gun- 
cotton in ether. [consistence. 1 

eolloid, kol'oid, a. of a viscid or gelatinous! 

eollop, kol'9p, n. a slice, as of meat. 

eoUoqnial, kol-lO'kwi-^1, a. pertaining to or- 
dinary conversation — adv. Mlloqnully. 

MlloquiuiniL kol-lO'kwi-^l-izm, n. an expres- 
sion chiefly U8e<j in conversation. 

dbze ; tlse, rfile, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, thQ ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)nre. 

Digitized by L3OOQ iC 




oolloony, kol'lp-kwi, n. conversation. 

ooUaae, kol-ltla^ v.i. to act in concert, esp. 
in a fraud. 

oollniion, kol-lfl'zhnn, n. concerted action to 
deceive.— a. ooUxaiYt.— adv. oolluiivdy. 

ooUyriiuii, kol-lir'i-um, n. an eye-wash, or 

ooloeynth, kol'o-sinth, n. a purgative drug. 

oologne- water, ko-lOn'wa't^r, n. a kina of 
perfumed alcohol. [intestine. I 

colon, kO'lpn, n. the mark ( :) : the large| 

colonel, kur'n^l, n. the commander of a regi- 
ment, [colonel. I 

eoloneloy, kur'n^l-si, n. office or rank of a| 

eolonist, kol'o-nist, n. member or inhabi- 
tant of a colony. 

eolonization, kol-9-ni-za'shun, n. act of plant- 
ing a colony, or settling in a colony, [in. I 

oolonue, -iie, kol'9-nlz, v.L to plant a colony! 

eolonnue, kol-p-nftd^ n. a range of columns. 

eolony, kol'9-ni, n. a body or persons who 
settle in another country, remaining sub- 
ject to the parent state ; the country so 
mhabited.— a. colo'nial. 

oolor, kul'pr, n. a property of light ; appear- 
ances produced!^ by rays of different re- 
frangibility ; hue ; paint ; show ; appear- 
ance.— p/. a flag or standard.— «?.^ to give 
a color to.— t?.i. to blush. 

eolorable, kul'or-^bl, a. designed to con- 
ceal ; plausible. [of color. I 

eoloiift, kul'pr-ist, n. one skilled in the usej 

colorless, kul'pr-les, a. without color. 

eolossU, kp-los'fiil, a. gigantic ; huge. 

eolossns, k<;>-los'us, n. a gigantic statue, esp. 
one anciently at Rhodes. 

eoli, kolt, n. a youn^ horse. 

eolnmbiad, k^-lum'bi-ad, n. a heavy smooth- 
bore cannon. 

oolnmbine, koPum-bln^ n. a genus of plants. 

oolnmn, kol'um, n. a pillar ; shaft ; body — 
of troops drawn up in files ; perpen- 
dicular row of printed lines.— a. co- 

eolnre, kp-lflr', n. one of two great cir- 
cles intersecting at the equator. 

eoma, ko'mft, n. hairy appearance of a 
comet ; lethargy. 

comatose, kO'm^-tOs, a. in a state of 

oomb, kOm, n. toothed instrument for 
dressing the hair ; crest of a cock ; Col- 
layer of cells made by bees.— v.^. umn, 
to dress with a comb. 

eombat, kom'bat, n. a battle ; contest.— v.^. 
to contend against. — v.i. to contend. 

combatant, kom^b^t-ant, n. one who com- 
bats ; a fighter. [or fight. 1 

eombatiVe, kom'b^t-iv, a. inclined to quarrel] 

combination, kom-bi-nfi'shun, n. union ; as- 
sociation, [join ; agree ;| 

combine, kpm-bin', v.t. and v.i. to unite ;l 

combnsuble, kpm-bnst'i-bl, a. capable of 
burning.— f/. anything that will burn.— n. 
eombnstibil'ity. [of burning. I 

combustion, kym-bust'yun, n. act or process! 

come, kum, v.i. to move towaitl ; approach : 
arrive.— ;>,<, etaM.—p.p. come. [dies. 

comedian, kp-mSd'yan, n. one who acts come-j 

eomedy, kom'g-di, n. a light, amusing drama. 

comely, kum'li, a. pleasing, handsome. — n. 
comeliness, [eaten.— r*. an article of food. I 

comestible, kom-est'i-bl, a. that may be| 

comet kom'et, n. 
a neavenlyi 

body with lu- _ 

minons train.— ^^^^" .^'i^^^ 
a. cometary, eo- ^^^ — -.-^^/t^i^ 

comfit, kum'fit, n. > 
a confection ; Comet, 

dry sweetmeat. 

comfort kum'f^rt, v.t. to relieve from pain 
or distress ; cheer ; console.— «. relief ; 
ease - quiet satisfaction ; anything that 
affords these. 

comfortable, kum'fort-^-bl, a. affording or 
enjoying comfort.— oe/t?. comfortably. 

comforur, kum'f^rt-^r, n. one who or that 
which comforts ; wrapper for the neck. 

comfortless, kum'fprt-les, a. without comfort. 

comie, kom'ik, a. relating to comcidy ; in- 
spiring mirth. 

eomical, kom^k-^l, a. ludicrous ; droll. 

cominj;, kum'ing, a. future.— n. approach ; 

comity, kom'i-ti, n. courtesy ; civility. 

comma, kom'a, n. the mark (,) in punctua- 

command, kom-m^nd', v.t. to order ; govern ; 
have within sight or influence. — v.i. to 
have chief authority.— w. an order; be- 
hest ; the thing commanded, [ing officer. I 

commandant, kom-m^n-dgnt',7/. a command-! 

commander, kpm-m^nd'^r, n. one who has 
command ; a naval officer. 

commanding, kpm-mftnd'ing, a. authorita- 
tive; imposing. [order; injunction.! 

commandment, kpm-mf^nd'ment, n. precept ;| 

commemorate, kpm-mem'p-rftt, v.t. to call to 
remembrance by a solemn act. — n. com- 
memora'tion.— a. commem'oratlTe. 

commence, kpm-mens', v.t. to begin. — v.i. to 
originate ; take rise. 

commencement, kpm-mens'ment, n. begin- 
ning ; time when students receive degrees. 

commend. k<;>m-mend% v.t. to give in charge ; 
to praise. 

ftce, air, add, firm, ftsk, ail, visage ; sfivCre, ebb, her, mftk^r ; Ice, inn ; Od9r, ox, 6flt, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



me a cos 

•Munendftble, kpm-mend'a-bl, a. worthy of 
praise. — adv. oommendaDly.— ;i. eommenda- 
ueiMM. [commending ; praise. I 

eMnmendation, kprn-men-dft'shun, n. act of| 

eommendattnry, kom-mend'^tp-ri, a. serving 
to commend. 

eommensimUe, kom-men'shur-^-bl, a. bav- 
a common measure.— {/^fz?. oommensnr- 
innta. kom-men'shur-St, a. of equal 
luc^oodre ; in proportion with.— adv. oom- 
mentonMly.— n. eommrasiiniteneM. 

lent, kom'ment, n. an explanatory note 
remark ; observation.— 1?.4. to make 
critical or explanatory remarks. 

•omaianttfy, kom'men-t^ri, n. a comment 
or body or comments. 

eMDiiMBtMor, kom'men-tft-tpr, n. one who 
makes comments. ' 

MBUMrM, kom'm^rs, n. interchange of com- 
modities ; traflac ; intercourse. 

Mmmerdftl, k9m-mer'sb9l, a. pertaining to 
commerce.— </rfv. eommenially. 

MnuniiUktion, kom-mi-na'shun, n. a solemn 
threat.— o. eommin'atory. [together. I 

eommingle, k9m-mingVI, v.t. and v.L to mix| 

Mnmniniito, kom'min-nt, v.t. to reduce to 
small fragments or particles.— n. oornmin- 
Q'tioB. [for. I 

Mmmiaante, kom-miz'er-ftt, v.t. to feel i)ity| 

MmmiMration, kom-miz-^r-a'sbun, n. pity ; 

MmmiMwiftt, kom-mis-sar'i-at, a. depart- 
ment of an array comniissary. 

MmmiMarT, kom'mi8-9.-ri, n. one to whom a 
charge is committed ; an officer charged 
with furnishing provisions, etc., to an 

•fBuniMion, kom-mish'an, n. act of commit- 
ting; writing conferring powers; au- 
thority ; charge ; something to be done 
for another ; fee for transacting business ; 
persons appointed to perform uuties.— r.^. 
to give a commission to. 

e»mimiridaw, kpm-mish'un-^r, n. one ap- 
pointed by commission. 

dMunttk kpm-mit^ v.t. to intrust ; consign ; 
do ; pledge. — v.r. to pledge. 

Mflunitniaiit, kom-mit^ent, n. order for 
sending to prison ; imprisonment. 

•mnmittaC kpm-mit'^l, n. act of committing 
or pledging. 

OMBBUttoe, k9m-mit'e, n. persons appointed 
to manage any business. 

MBuniz, k9m-miks% v.t. and v.i. to mix to- 
gether, [by mixing. I 

•MDmixtim, k9m-miks'tyur, n. mass formed! 

•MBBMde, k^m-mOd^ v. a small sideboard; 
small article of furniture. 

eommodioiis, k9m-m(}'di-us, a. suitable ; con- 
venient.— at/t;. Minmodioiuly.— n. eommodi- 
onsnMS. [an article of traffic. I 

oommodity, k9m-mod'i-ti, n. convenience ;| 

oommodore, kom'9-dOr, n. the commander or 
a squadron of vessels. 

oommoB, kom'9n, a. belonging to several; 
public ; general ; usual ; of small value ; 
vulgar.— w. an open public ground.— n. 
eommonness. [people not noble. I 

eommonalty. kom'9n-9l-ti, n. the body of| 

oommoner, kom'9n ^r, n. one of the com- 
monalty, [ally. I 

eommonlT, kom'9n-li, adv. generally ; usu-| 

eommonplaee^ kom'9n-pl{ls, n. an ordinary 
topic ; trite remark ; note.— adj. trite ; 
hackneyed ; ordinary. 

eommonf, kom'9nz, n.pi. the commonalty ; 
food at a common taole. 

Commoni, kom'9nz, the Lower House 
of the British Parliament. 

eommonirMl, kom'un-w61, oommonwMdtli, 
kom'un-welth, n. government of a free 
State ; whole body of the people. 

eommotion, k9m-mO^Bhun, n. disturbance : 
agitation. [thoughts or feelings, 

oommnne, k9m-mtln', v.i. to interchange! 

oommoniMble, k9m-mtl'ni-k^-b], a. that may 
be communicated. 

eomnmnio&nt, k9m-mtl'ni-kant, n. one who 
partakes of the Lord's Supper. 

eommimi«ate, k9m-m(I'ni-kat, v.t. to impart ; 
reveal.— t?,t. to have intercourse or access ; 
to partake; to partake of the Lord's Supper. 

oommnnioation, k9m-mfl-ni-ka'shun, n. act of 
communicating ; something communi- 
cated ; intercourse ; letter. 

oommnniMtive^ k9m-m(I'ni-k^-tiv, a. inclined 
to communicate ; unreserved. 

eommnnion, kom-mfln'yun, n. act of com- 
muning ; fellowship ; body of Christians ; 
celebration of the Lord's Supper. 

eommnniiiin, kom'tln-izm, n. state of hold- 
ing property in common ; doctrine that all 
property should belong to the State. 

eommnnist, kom'tln-ist, n. one who holds the 
principles of communism. 

eommimity, kom-mtl'ni-ti, n. possession in 
common ; the public ; people of any place. 

oommvUtion, kom-mtl-tA'shun, n. exchange, 
esp. of a penalty or rate from a greater to 
a less, or from one kind to another. 

oommiite, k9m-mflt', v.t. to exchange ; ex- 
change a penalty or rate. [commuted. | 

eommntable, k9m-ma't^-bl, a. that mav be| 

eompaet, k9m-pakt', a. closely united ; firm ; 
brief.— v.t. to fasten or bind together ; 
consolidate ; league with. — adv. com- 
pactly.— n. eompactnces. 

dbze ; ase, rflle, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, thS ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; jebip, axUhjure. 

Digitized by LjOOQ iC 




eompMt, kom'pakt, n. a mutual aCTeement : 
league ; bargain. [comrade.! 

•ompuioB, kpm-pan'jnn, n. an aesociate ;| 

oompanioDMle, kpm-pan'jnn-^bl, a. sociable ; 
agreeable. [ship; association.! 

•ompuuonihip, kpm-pan'yuu-ship, n. fellow- 1 

eompany, kum'p^-ni, n, assembly or associa- 
tion of persons ; part of a regiment : 
society. [compared. 

oompuMlt, kom'pqi-r^bl, a. worthy to be| 

eomparfttiT*, kpm-par'Miv, a. estimated by 
comparison; notabsolute.— o^^v. oompan- 

eempare, kpm-pjr', t>.^ to examine with ref- 
erence to likeness oranlikeness ; to liken. 
— r.t. to be like or equal. 

•mnpwison, kpm-j^r'i-s^n, n. act of compar- 
ing ; comparative estimate ; simile. 

oom^wtanent, kpm-p&rt'ment, n. an inclosed 

eompMS, knm'p^, n. circuit ; space ; limit ; 
magnetic instrument to indicate the north. 
—v.t. to surround ; obtain ; plot. 

eompMses, kum'p^-^z, instru- 
ment for describing circles. 

eompassion, kpm-pash'un, n. 
pity; mercy. 

eompassionate, kpm-pash'un-^t, a. 
disposed to pity, or to show 

eompassionaie, kpm-pasli'un-at, v.t. 
to have compassion for ; have 
mercv upon ; pity. 

eompttiple, kpm-pat'i-bl, a. suiting or agree- 
ing v/\\h.—adv. eompatibly.— n^. oompati- 
liil'itjr. [countryman. I 

eompfttnot, kpm-pa'tri-pt, -pat'-, n. a fellow-| 

eompMr, kpm-pSr', n. an e(^nal ; associate. 

eompal, kpm-pel', v.t. to drive by force ; con- 

oompend, kom'pend, eompoidiiim, kom-pend'- 
i-um, M. summary ; abridgment. 

eompenoioiu, kpm-pendM-us, a. concise ; com- 
prehensive.— orft?. eompendioiuly. 

eompenMte, kpm-pens'at, v.t. to give value 
for ; reward suitably ; make amends. 

•ompensation, kom-pen-sS'shun, n. reward ; 
remuneration. [compensation.! 

oompensatory, kpm-pens'ft-t^-ri, a, affording! 

eompete, kpm-pet', v.i. to strive for the same 
object ; rival. [ciency ; legal capacity.! 

oompetenoe, kom'pe-tens, n. fitness; suffi-| 

eompetent, kom'pe-tent, a. sufficient ; ade- 
quate ; fit.— adv. oompetently. 

competition, kom-pe-tish'un, n. contention 
for the same object ; rivalry. 

eompotitiTe, kpm-pet'i-tiv, a. pertaining to 
competition. [petes ; a rival.] 

oompetitor, kpm-pet'i-tpr, w. one whe com- 

eompilfttien, kom-pi-l&'shun, n. act of com- 
piling ; work compiled. 

eompile, kpm-pll', v.t. and v.i. to gather from 
various authors ; rearrange materials into 
a work. 

eompiler, kom-pir^r, n. one who compiles. 

eomplMonee, kpm-plft'sens, oomvlaeeney, kpm- 
plft'sen-si, n. satisfaction ; pleasure. 

eomplMeni, kpm-pla'sent, a. gratified ; show- 
ing satisfaction. — adv. eomplMontly. 

oomplain, kpm-plSn', v.i. to express grief, 
pain, or iniury ; to lay a charge against. 

eomplaiiLUit, kpm-plSn'^nt, n. one who com 
plains ; one who brings a suit. 

oomplaint, kpm-plftnt', n. an expression of 
grief, pain, or injury ; accusation ; disease. 

oompUiMnoe, kom'piS-zans, n. civility; 
courtesy.— a. eompUisani 

oomplement, kom'ple-menL n. that which 
f nmpVtf^ ; tho fall number. 

oomplqmeiitil, krim-[]1^-iiii.^nt^i|f<L oOiDpleiDaai.t- 

j 1 1. L'l I ' ; ." |] [ ipl ji ng 3i deflcieiJ ry y 

oomplfltfl, kvnii.'pl^l , fi. frtT from defletenry ; 
juTfi'd \ c'litire ; finipiliHi.— 1?.^, U> fill up ; 
fiirri'ir ; WmAx.—Oitr. DomplBtely.^^. Mtt^ 
pleteaBss. \\u^\ tic I'otniiiishnifi) r . 

complfltion, k9ii]h)e'?H!iinii, w, ai:tof complet- 

oompltK, ko]ij^j>K^kii, a. toiiiplIf.'inte^Ji ; of 
mil My ^nirTi*. (uit. eomplfiily^^ji. eera- 
plei ity, ! r[j]i>r < ff the skin. I 

compleKton, knm.jihik'slnnK .v '■■■'-■|;:-i-ni-Ti[ : 

complianDa, kyni-plr^iw, Ar. n yAhu-^ : a^^rtr- 
ment. [agreeing.— arfr. eompliantly. I 

oompliant, kom-pll'^nt, a. yielding ; readily! 

oomplieaey, kom'pli-k9.-si, n. state of being 

oomplieate, kom'pli-kat, v.t. to entangle; 
render difl^cult or complex. 

oomplioation, kom-pli-ka'shun, n. state of 
being complicated ; entanglement ; inter- 
min^ing. [an accomplice. j 

complioity, kom-plis'i-ti, n. state of beingj 

compliment, kom'pli-ment, n. an expression 
of regard or admiration ; flattering re- 
mark.— ».^ to pay a compliment to ; flatter. 

eomplimentu/, kom-pli-ment'^ri, a. convey- 
ing compliment ; flattering. {i\i. eomplot'. I 

oom^ot, kom'plot, n. a plot ; conspiracy. — | 

comply, kpm-pll', v.i. to yield to 5 to agree. 

eomponent, kpm-pO'nent, a. helping to com- 
pose.- /I. element of a compound. 

oomport, kpm-pOrt', v.i. to agree ; to suit.— 
v.r. to behave. 

eomportable, kpm-pOrt'^bl, a. consistent. 

compose. kpm-pOz', v.t. to form by putting 
together ; place types in order for printing ; 
originate, as an author ; calm ; soothe. 

oompMcd, kOra-pOzd', a. calm ; quiet. 

ace, air, add, Srm, ftnk, all, visage ; sev6ro, ebb, h^r, mflk^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, 6flE, 

Digitized by L3OOQ It: 




_.._jr, kpm-pOz'^r, w. one who composes : 
aothor of music. marts. 

•Mnponto, kom'p9z-it, a. made up of distincti 

•mpotition, kom-pp-zish'un, n. act of com- 
posing ; thing composed, as a work in 
literararo or art ; combination ; arrange- 
ment, [ty^.l 

e«mpoutor, kpm-poz'i-tpr, n. one who sets| 

eMDfOflt, kom'pOst, n. a mixture for manure. 

eMnposure, kom-pO'zh&r, n. calmness. 

Moipctatioii, kom-po-tft'shun, n. act of drink- 
ing together ; carouse. 

MmpaanC kom'pound, a. composed of vari- 
ous parts. — n. a mixture. 

••mMiuid, kom-pound% v.t. to mix; com- 
bme ; settle by agreement.— p.«. to agree 
upon terms. 

ennfreliead, kom-prg-hend^ v.t. to comprise; 
include ; understand. 

ewnprehimiiblo, kom-pre-hen'si-bl, a. that 
may be comprehendea ; intelligible. — adv. 
eMnprehenfliuT.— n. eompnhannla'ity. 

etmprehension, kom-prg-hen'shun, n. act or 
faculty of comprehending; understanding. 

etrnprehouiT*, kom-prg-hen'siv, a. able to 
contain much* extensive; capacious.— 
adv. eomprehMisively.— n. oompreheniiveiiMS. 

oomprMS, kpm-pres', v.t. to press together 
squeeze. [surgery, 

ennprvM, kom'pres, n. a pad of cloth used m , 

eomprMfible, kpm-presi-ol, a. that may be 
compressed or condensed.— n. oompreMi- 
Ul'i^. [pressing.! 

ennpreMion, k9m-presh'un, n. act of com-| 

Mmpriie, k9m-prTz% v.t. to contain ; include. 

Moiprooiifa, kom'prp-mlz, ;{. a settlement by 
reciprocal concession.— p. /. to settle by 
compromise ; pledge ; involve. 

e«mptroll«r, kon-trOl'^r, see oontroller. 

e«mpiilfi«ii, kpm-pul'shun, n. act of conii)el- 
ling ; force ; necessity. 

etmpunrej k^m-puls'iv, eompnltory, kpm- 
puls'p-ri, a. compelling; forcing.— «</*•*. 
•ompusivelT, oompnltority. 

•nupimetion, kpm-pungk'shun, n. remorse ; 
reproach of conscience.— a. oompnnetioiu. 

•nupvtaUa, kQm-pat')^bl, a. that may be 
computed. [puting; count ; estimate.! 

eMapontion, kom-pfl-t&'shun, n. act of com-| 

eMBpnte, kQm-ptlt% t;.^. to reckon ; calculate; 

Mmrade, kom'rftd, n. a companion ; associate. 
Mn, kon, adv. against (in the phrase pro and 

em, for and against). 
Mn, kon, v.t. to studv ; commit to memory. 
wmmtenato, k9n-katVn&t, v.t. to link to- 
gether into a chain or series. 
awmtinatiwt, kon-kat-§-nfi'shun, n. a series 
of links ; connected series of things. 

ooneftve, kpn'kav, a. having a curved hollow. 
— n. a curved hollow ; vault, [a concave. I 

jvity, kpn-kav'i-ti, n. hollow curvature ;| 

oonoeal, kpn-sSP, v.t. to keep secret ; hide. 

, kpn-sel'ment, n. act of hiding: 

disguise ; hiding-place. [grant. 

eonoede, kpn-sCd', v.t. to give up; admit;] 

oonoMl kpn-set', n. imagination ; notion ; 

ooneeiteo, kpn-sSt'ed, a. having a high opin- 
ion of one's self ; yB\n.~-adv. ooneeitedly. 

ooneeivaMe, kpn-sCv'a-bl, a. that may be con- 
ceived or believed.— adr. ooneeivably.— 7^. 
oonoetvabil'ity, eoneeivaUeiiMS. 

oonostve, k9n-sev^ v.t. and v.i. to form in the 
mind ; imagine ; comprehend ; become 

oone«mto, kpn-sen'trat, v.t. to bring to a 
common centre, or closer union ; to con- 

oonoentrfttien, kon-sen-tr&'shun, n. act of con- 
centrating ; state of being concentrated. 

eoneentre, k^n-sen't^r, v.i. and v.t. to meet, 
or cause to meet, in a common centre or 
point. [centre. I 

oonoentrio, k9n-sen'trik, a. having a common i 

oonoeptiei)^ kpn-sep'shun, n. act of conceiv- 
ing ; notion ; idea. 

oonoern, kpn-s^rn', v.t. to aflfect ; interest.— 
n. interest ; solicitude; business, [tons.] 

oonoemad, kpn-sernd'^ a. interested ; solici-| 

oonoerning, Ic9n-s6rn^mg, a. regarding ; per- 
taining to. [plan.] 

eonenrt, k9n-s6rt', v.t. to arrange together : | 

ooneurt, kon's^rt, n. agreement ; harmony ; 
musical entertainment. 

eoneartina, kon-s<^r-te'na, n. a musical instru- 
ment resembling the accordion. 

ooneession, k9n-se8n'un, w. act of conceding; 
allowance ; grant. 

eonek, kongk^ n. con- 
volute marine shell. 

oonehoidal, kong-koid'- 
al, a. curved like a ( 

eoneholofist, kong- 
korp-jist, n. one 
versed in conchol- Conch. 

oonSiology, kong-kol'o-ji, n. the study or 
science of shells and shell-flsh. 

eonoiliate, kpn-sil'i-ftt, v.t. to make friendly ; 
win over ; reconcile. 

eonoiliation, kon-sil-i-a'shun, n. act of con- 
ciliating.— a. oondl'iatory. 

•onoise, kpn-sis', a. brief ; terse.— arf?;. oon- 
daely.— n. ooneiseneM. 

oonelftTe, kon'klftv, n. meeting of cardinals 
to choose a pope ; any close assembly. 

<ft»ze ; tise, rflle, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, th^ ; get, jet ; 

kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

J by Google 

Digitized b 




Modade, kpn-klM', v.t. to close ; end ; de- 
cide. — v.i. to end ; infer. 

Mnelosion, kpn-klu'ztiun, n. end ; infer- 
ence ; determination. 

MiidiuiYe, kpn-kltL'ziT, a. final ; decisive.— 
adv. eonelnfively.— n. eondiuiveneis. 

eoneoot, kpn-kokt', v.t. to boil together ; di- 
gest ; prepare ; contrive. 

eoneoetion, kpn-kok'shun, n. act of concoct- 
ing ; thing concocted ; preparation. 

eoneomitaiiee, kpn-kom'i-tans, n. connection ; 
association ; participation. 

Mmeomitaat, kpn-kom'i-tant, a. conjoined 
with; attendant. — n. that which accom- 
panies.— a£?v. eonoomitantly. 

eoneord, kon'kOrd, n. union ; agreement ; 
harmony.— a. wnktoH'takt—udv. eonoord'- 
uitlT. [index of words in a book. I 

ooneoruaee, kon-kOrd'^ns, n. agreement ; | 

eeaeonne, kon'kors, kong'-, n. an assembly ; 

eonereto, kon'krSt. a. formed into one mass ; 
denoting a real thing.— adv. ooneretely.— 

eoner«(e. kon'krfit, n. a mass formed by parts 
growmg together ; compound of mortar 
and stones. [unite into a solid mass. I 

eonereto, kpn-krfit', v.t. and v.i. to form or] 

eonontion, Kpn-krS'shun, n. act of concret- 
ing • mass concreted. 

eononunaffe, kpn-ktl'bi-n^j, n. state of living 
as man and wife without marriage. 

eoaenliine, kou'ktl-bln, n. unmarried woman 
who cohabits with a man. 

eonenpiieenee, kpn-ktlp'i-sens, n. unlawful or 
inordinate desire.— a. oononpiieent 

ooneor, kpn-kur^ v.i. to meet in one point ; 
act togethej* ; agree. [ment ; assent. 

•onenmiiM, kpn-kur'ens, n. union ; agree- 1 

eonenmnt, kpn-kur'ent, a. coming or acting 
together; accompanying. — atfr. eonrar- 
nntlT. [shock. I 

ooneuuon, kpn-kush'un, n. act of shaking ; | 

eondemiL kpn-dem', v.t. to pronounce wrong 
or guilty ; to blame ; to sentence ; to re- 
ject as unfit. 

eondemnation, kon-dem-nS'shun, n. act of 
condemning ; blame ; sentence. 

eondemnatory, kpn-dem'n^-tp-ri, a. coiLtain- 
ing condemnation. 

eondniMtioii, kon-den-sft'shun, n. act of con- 
densing ; state of being condensed. 

eondenM, Kpn-dens', v.t. to make more dense 
or compact ; to compress.— ».i. to grow 

oondMe«nd, kon-d^-send', v.i. to stoop will- 
ingly from a higher position ; deign. 

eondesoendinff, kon-dg-send^ng, a. stooping 
to inferiors ; gracious ; obliging. 

, kon-dg-sen'shun, n. act of 

condesceniiing ; courtesv to inferiors. 

eondi^nii, kpn-din', a. well deserved. — adv. 
eondignly. [food.! 

eondiment, kon'di-ment, n. a seasoning for) 

condition, kpn-dish'un, n. state ; quality ; 
term of agreement.— v.i. to make terms. 

eonditioud, kpn-dish'un-^J, a. containing of 
depending on conditions.- oc^t;. eondinon- 
ally. nimited by, conditions.) 

conditioned, kpn-dish'und, a. having, or| 

condole^ kpn-dol', v.i. to grieve with ; sym- 
pathize, [sympathy.! 

condolence, kpn-doVens, n. expression of] 

condone, kpn-don, v.i. to forgive an 
oflfence or injury.— n. condona'tion. 

condor, kon'dpr, n. a large South 
American vul- 

condnoe, kpn-dtls', 
v.i. to tend; 

condnoive, k 9 n - 
dtls'iv, a. tend- 
i n g ; contrib- 
u 1 1 n g . — adv. 

conduct, kpn-dukt', 
v.i. to guide ; 
lead ; manage.— t.. . 

conduct, kon'dukt, n. guidance; manage- 
ment ; behavior, [of conducting.! 

condnotion, kpn-duk'shnn, n. act or proper^] 

condnetor, kpn-dukt'pr, n. a leader ; man- 
ager ; officer in charge of a railway train ; 
that which transmits ; metallic body that 
conveys electricity. [vey liquids.! 

conduit, kon^dit, n. a channel or pipe to con-| 

cone, kOn, n. a solid body tapering 
to a point from a circular base ; 
fruit shaped like a cone.— a. 
conic, eonlotL—adv. con'ically. 

confabulate, kpn-fab'yu-iat, v.i. to 
talk together. 

confftbulanon, kpn-fab-yu-lS'shun, ^ 
n. familiar talk. Cone. 

confect, kon'fekt, confection, kpn-fek'shnn, n. 
fruit, etc., prepared with sugar ; a sweet- 
meat, [makes or sells sweetmeats. I 

confectioner, kpn-fek'shnn-^r, n. one who| 

oonfectionerj, kpn-fek'shun-^-ri, n. sweet- 
meats in general. 

confederacy, kpn-fed'^r-a-si, n. a league: 
alliance ; coalition. [confederacy ; ally. 

confederate, kpn-fed-er-^t, n. member of a| 

confederation, kpn-fed-^r-ft'shun, n. a league ; 
alliance ; esp. of states or princes. 

confer, kpn-fir', v.t. to give ; bestow.— ».<. to 
consult together ; advise with. 

-v.r. to behave. 

ftce, air, add, firm, ftsk, ail, visage ; egvSre, ebb, h6r, makpr ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox. Off, 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 




, kon'f^r-eng, n. formal diBCOorse ; 
meeting for conealtatioo, etc. 

mftw, kpn-fee', v.t. to acknowledge; to 
own ; to make known ; to hear a confee- 
Bion. — v.i. to make confession. 

iwftiitdly, kpn-fes'^-li, adv. avowedly ; by 
admission . [acknowledgment ; avowal . I 

wifmioii, kpn-fesh'un, n. act of confessing ;| 

iMftnimial, kpn-fesh'un-^, n. place where 
confession is made. 

MBftMMT, kpn-fes'pr, n. one who confesses 
or hears confessions ; one who professes 
the Christian faith. 

otnfiiuit} kon'fi-dant, n. one intrusted with 
secrets.— /tfm. Mmlldante. 

Ofiflda, k^n-fld', v.t. to intrust.— v.i. to have 
faith in : rely upon. 

•qiMince, kon'fi-dens, n. firm belief ; trust ; 
boldness ; self-reliance. 

amiint} kon'fi-dent, a. trusting firmly; 
assured ; bold.— adt;. eonlldently. 

wfldtntitl, kon-fi-den'sh^l, a. admitted to 
confidence ; trusty ; private. 

e«iflcvnti«ii, kon-fig-yar-ft'shnn, n. external 
form or figure. 

iwiflns, kon'fln, n. border ; limit. 

Maflna, k^n-fln^ v.t. to limit ; shut up ; im- 
prison ; fa8t<Ai. [prisonment.F 

emflnament, kon-fTn'ment, n. restraint ; im-| 

OMlIrm, k9n-ferm', v.t. to strengthen ; estab- 
lish ; assure ; admit to full communion. 

MBflnution, kon-f^r-mft'shun, ;;. act of con- 
firming ; that which confirms ; corrobora- 
tion. — a. eenflnn'atorj. 

MniiMta, kon'fis-kat, -fis'-, v.t. to adjudge to 
be forfeited to the public treasury ; to 
seize upon. [treasury. I 

MniiMta, kon'fis-kftt, a. forfeit to the public | 

wfinntifla, kon-fis-ka'shun, n. act of con- 

wfligTitftii, kon-fi^grft'shun. n. a great fire. 

mhIUk, k^n-flikt', v.t. to be in opposition : 
contest. [fight. 

•MdUet, kon'flikt, n. opposition; contest ;| 

MiflMiiM, kon'flfi-enB, n. meeting, or place 
of meeting, as of streams ; a concourse. 

MifliMBi, kon'flfi-ent, a. flowing together.— 
n. a stream which meets another. 

•wtuL kon'fluks, n. a flowing together ; 

et al i wm , kon-fOrm', v.t. to adapt ; make like. 
—v.i. to comply with. 

wftrmiMa, k^n-fOrm'^bl, a. suitable; 
agreeable ; compliant ; regular, as rock 
Btnta.— adv. eeuiinuUj. 

onflmutiAii, kon-fOr-mft'shun, 7i. act of con- 
forming ; form ; structure. 

fdliimity, kon-fOrm'i-ti, n. likeness ; com- 
I^ance with ; consistency. 

eonfonnd, kpn-found', v.t. to mingle; con- 
fuse ; astonish. [hood ; society.! 

eonfrtteniity, kon-fr^ter'ni-ti, n. brother- 1 

eonfrmt, kon-frunt', v.t. to face ; oppose. 

eonftise, kpn-ftiz', v.t. to mix up ; to throw 
into disorder ; perplex ; abash. 

eanftiMdly, kpn-fllz'^d-li, adv. in a confused 

oonftuion, kpn-ftl'zhun, n. a state of being 
confused • disorder ; shame. 

eonftatation, kpn-ffi-tS'shun, n. act of con- 
futing ; refutation. 

eonftite, KQu-ftlt', v.t. to prove false ; disprove. 

eongi, Kong'zh&. kon'jS, 7i. leave ; leave of 
absence ; parting ceremony. — v.i. to take 
leave ; salute at parting. 

•ongetl, kon-jei', v.t. and v.i. to make or be- 
come solid by cold ; to stiffen or harden. 

eongaUtieii, kon-je-lft'shun, n. process of 
congealing; state of being congealed; 
congealed mass. 

Mmgaiar, kon'jC-n^r, n. person or thing of 
the same genus or kind. 

emigaual, kpn-jSn'i-al, a. of similar spirit or 
tastes ; suitable ; agreeable.— ac^t\ eon- 
gtniallT.— n. eongenial'lty. 

•OBgautu, kon-ien'i-t^l, a. of the same birth ; 
existing at birth. 

eonger. kong'ger, n. a large marine eel. 

eongenM, k9ri-ier'i-6z, n. collection of bodies 
into a mass. 

oongMtion, kpn-jest'ynn, n. an accumulation 
01 blooa in some part of the body ; f ul- 
ness ; repletion. [ducinjg congestion.! 

oongwtiTe, kpn-jest'iv, a. indicating or in-| 

eonglobftto, kon-glO'bftt, v.t. to form into a 
ball.— a. oonglobftt*.— ;7.eoBgloWtiML 

oonglobolate, kon-glob'yA-lSt, v.i. to gather 
into a small ball.— n. oonglobnla'tion. 

eonglmiwrftU, kpn-glom'^r-St, v.t. and v.i. to 
gather into a ball or mass.— n. (-at) rock 
composed of fragments naturally ce- 
mented. — a. gathered into a mass.— n. 
eonglomera'tion. [to: felicitate.! 

eongntalata, kpn-grat'yu-lat. v.t. to wish joy| 

eongntalatioa, kpn-grat-yu-lft'shun, n. ex- 
pression of joy at good fortune.— a. con- 

eongregate, kon'gre-gat, v.t. to gather to- 
gether : assemole. — v.i. to meet together. 

eongregation, kon-gre-g&'shun, n. an assem- 
bly e«p. a religious assembly.— a. eongre- 

Congngationalinii, kon-gre-g&'shun-al-izm, n. 
system of self-government by each con- 

CongrecatioBalift. kon-gr^-gft'shun-^l-ist, n. 
an adherent of Congregationalism. 

eongrat, kong'gres, n. a meeting together. 

dbze ; flse, rflle, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, thB ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

Digitized by LjOOQ iC 




CongreM, kong'ereg, n. the federal legislature 
of the United States. 

oongreMional, kpn-greeh^un-^, a. pertaining 
to Congress. J^ableness.— a. eoncraent] 

eongnitnoe, kong^gm-ens, n. agreement; suit-j 

oonpnity, koug-grH^i-ti, n. agreement be- 
tween things ; consistency. [ent.l 

wmffmoiii, kong'gr&-us, a. suitable ; consist- 1 

eonle, kon^ik, a. pertaining to a cone. 

•oniekl, kon^ik-^ a. shap^ like a cone. 

•oniferovf, ko-nif'^r-ns, a. bearing cone- 
shaped fruit. 

Mi\ieenirt, kpn-jekt'yor, n. an unproved 
opinion; guess ; surmise.— a. eoi\JMrarml.— 
adv. eo^eetanUy.— t7.i. to make conjec- 
tures. — v.t. to guess ; surmise. 

M^ioin^k^n-join'. v.t. to join together. 

oo^oint, kpn-joint', a. joined together; 
united.— aflfv. Mu^Jointly. 

•o^jofftl, kon^jfi-g^l, a. pertaining to mar- 
riage.— (K^r. eonjiic^j. 

oo^jQgatt, kon'jA-gftt, v.t. to inflect, as a 
verb.— o. paired ; in twos. 

eoi^iigfttioii, kon-jfi-gft'shun, n. act of join- 
ing ; junction ; inflection of a verb. 

eoi^jimet. kon-jun^kt\ a. joined together. 

o<^iui«uon, k^n-jungk'shun, n. act of join- 
ing ; connection ; union ; part of speech 
that connects words and clauses, [unite, I 

oonjnnetive, k^n-jungkt'iv, a. serving to| 

eo^vneiiire, kpn-jungkt'vAr, n. act of join- 
ing ; junction ; combination of circum- 

ooi\)imtion, kon-jfi-rft'shun, n. act of enjoin- 
ing solemnly ; act of invoking spirits. 

eoi^nre, kpn-jnr', v.t. to enjoin or implore 

eonjiire, kun'jnr, v.t. to act upon magically ; 
bewitch. — v.i. to practise magic or sleight 
of hand. 

eoigarer, kun'jur-^r, n. a magician ; juggler. 

OMinate, kon^nfit, a. bom with any one ; 
growing together. 

MUMOt, k9n-nekt^ v.t. to fasten together ; 
establish a relation between.— t;.i. to join: 
become related to. [ — adv. Mnmsetedlj. 

wmnMted, kpn-nekt'^, a. joined ; cohertsnt. | 

•onneetioii, kpn-nek'shun, n. act of connect- 
ing ; state of being connected ; that which 
connects ; union ; coherence; intercourse; 

wmneetive, kpn-nekt'iv, a. having power to 
connect.— ar/v. oonneetively. 

oonnezion, see eoniiMtioii. 

eonnivuiee, kpn-nlv'^ns, n. intentional over- 
sight ; secret aid. 

eonnive, kpn-nlv', v.i. to wink at ; overlook 
intentionally ; favor secretly. 

oonnoiiMur, kon-i-sur', n. a critical judge. 

eonnote, kon-nOt% v.t. to indicate by implica- 
tion.— n. eonnoU'tion. [nage.l 

eonnnbial, kon-ntlb'i-^1, a. pertaining to mar-| 

eon^ur, kong'kur, v.t. to gain by force; 
overcome ; vanquish.— v.i. to be victori- 
ous, [conquered.! 

wm^junXUt kong'kur-^bl, a. that may be| 

eontiwror, kong'kur-^r, n. one who conquers. 

•onqnest^ kong^kwest n. act of conquering ; 
thing acquired by force. 

coinawiiiliietni, kon-san-gwin'e-us, a. related 
by blood.— n. eosMiiguiutj. 

•onsdiiMe, kon'shens, n. knowledge of right 
and wrong ; faculty which distinguishes 
right from wrong. 

eoBseiaiititiu, kon-sl-en'shus, -shi-, a. regu- 
lated by conscience ; upright.- arfr. ••»- 
■dentioiislj.— n. ooueisntioiitnesi. 

eeiiMionftUs, kon'shun-^bl. a. reasonable. 
—adv. otmsdonftUy. [tnoughts ; aware, j 

eonsdoiu. kon'shus, a. knowing one's own] 

eonseioiuij. kon'shus-li, adv. to one's own 
knowledge : knowingly. 

ofnseiouiiaM, kon'shus-nes, n. perception of 
one's own mental state ; knowledge. 

eonsnipt, kon'skript, a. enrolled.— w. one en- 
rolled for military service. 

eo&Mription, kpn-skrip'shun* n. enrolment, 
esp. of persons liable to military service. 

eo&Meratt, kon'se-krftt, v.t. to render holy ; 
set apart for a holy puipose. 

eonseeraiion, kon-se-krfi'shun, n. act of de- 
voting to a holy purpose or use. 

eonseranve, kpn-sek'tl-tiv. a. following in 
order.— adv. oontaeativdy. 

eonsent, k^n-sent', v.i. to agree ; give assent. 
— w. agreement ; concurrence ; permission. 

•onMntaneoiu, kon-sen-t^n'e-UH, a. accordant 
to; consistent with.— «</«?. oonsentaneoMly. 
—n. eonsentaneoiunesi. 

eonseqaenee, kon'se-kwens, n. that which 
follows ; result ; importance. [lowing.! 

eoniaqiuiit, kon'se-kwent, a. naturally fol-! 

oomaqiuiitial, kon-se-kwen'sh^l, a. resulting ; 
affecting importance. — adv. eonsafOMi- 
tially. [seouence.j 

oomaqiuntly, kon'se-kwent-li, adv. in con-' 

eonaermiMk, kon-s^r-vfi'shun, n. act of keep- 
ing entire or unimpaired. 

oeiiMrv»tiT«, kpn-s^rv'^tiv, a. tending to 
conserve.- n. one who desires to preserve 
institutions until they can be changed 
with certainty for the better. 

oouerTttor, kon-ser-vR'tpr, kon's^r-vft-tpr, n. 
one who preserves from injury ; a guard- 

eonaervatoxT. kpn-s^rv'^tp-ri, n. place in 
which delicate plants are kept ; green- 

flee, air, add, arm, ftwk, fill, visage ; pevSre, ebb, her, mflk^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, Off, 

d by Google 

Digitized b 






k9ii-8erv', v.t. to keep entire ; pre- 
retain ; preserve in sugar. 
kon'serv, n. fruit preserved in 

kpn-sid'^r, v.t. to look at closely ; 
reflect upon ; take into account.— t?.i. to 

enndtnUs, kpn-sid'er-^bl. a. worthy of 
consideration ; not trifling ; large.— n. 

MBiidtnUx, k^n-sid'^r-^bli, adv. to a con- 
siderable extent ; in no small degree. 

Middante, kpn-sid'^r-^t, a. thoughtful ; re- 
gardful.— ae^v. eongideratdy. 

etnaidcratitni, kon-sid-er-ft'shun, n. act of con- 
sidering ; deliberation ; importance ; rea- 
son ; basis of a compact ; allowance. 

kpn-sin', v.t. to transfer ; intrust 

assign ; send by ship, etc. [is consigned. 
' ' " ' «^hon 

, kon-si-nS^ one to whom anything | 
, oouignor, kpn-sln'^r, n. one who 
consigns to another. 
ewwcmnfuit, kpn-sln'ment, n. act of consign- 
ing ; thing consigned. [a|P^ee.| 
9tnaui, k^n-sist', v.i. to be composed ; to| 
goMJgtwice, kQn-sist'ens, n. state of density 

or firmness, 
ftiitency, kpn-sist'en-si, n. agreement with 

itself ; uniformity of relation. 
MosiftMit, k9n-8ist^ent, a. agreeing ; uni- 
form.— adv. eoniiitently. 
otuiftMT, kon^sis-t9-ri, -sist'-, n. an ecclesi- 
astical court.— a. eonsisto'rial. [soled. I 
, kQn-sOl'a-bl, a. that may be con-| 
A, kon-sp-i&'shun, n. act of consol- 
comfort ; alleviation. [console. | 
_, kpn-sol'^-tp-ri, a. tending to| 

kpn-sOl', v.t. to comfort ; cheer in 

otuole, kon'sOl, n. bracket 

with a double curve. 
OMiadidato, k^n-soPi-dftt, v.t. 
and v.i. to make or grow 
etBMlidatiMi, kpn - sol - i - dft'- 
shun, n. act of making 
solid ; state of being con 

kpn-solz', English government 

brt ; cheer in 



i wio i r % 

, kon-80-mft', n. a clear soup. 

«, kon'sp-n^ns, n. agreement of 

sounds ; accord. 

, kon's9-n^nt, a. accordant ; agree- 
-». a sound usually given only with 


a vowel, and represented oy a consonant 
letter.— odt;. Muenuiflx. 
iattrt, kon'sdrt, n. a partner ; husband or 
wife ; accompanying ship ; concurrence. 

Linent. — adv. eonspioa- 

eonsort, kpn-sdrt', v.t. to join.— v.i. to asso- 
ciate, [synopsis of a subject.! 
eonspeetiu, kon-spek'tus, n. brief survey or| 
eonspionons, kpn-spik'ju-us, a. manifest ; 

plain to sight : emine 

ously.— n. eonspienoiiL 

eonspiraey, kpn-spir'a-si, n. combination for 

an evil purpose'; plot, [spires ; a plotter.! 
conspirator, kpn-spir'a-tpr, n. one who con-| 
conspire, kpn-spTr', v.t. to concur to one end ; 

unite for a bad purpose, 
constable, kun'st^bl, n. an ofiicer of the 

peace ; in France formerly, an officer of 

high military rank, 
oonstobnlary, kun-stab'yu-I^-ri, a. pertaining 

to constables. — n. the body of constables. 
constancj, kon'st^n-si, n. fixedness ; fidelity ; 

constant, kon'st^-nt, a. fixed ; unchangeable ; 

faithful ; continual.— oe^v. eonstanuy. 
constellation, kon-stel-ft'shun, n. a group of 

stars forming a figure. 
consternation, kon-ster-na'shun, n. terror that 

confounds or amazes. [—a. constipated. I 

constipate, kon'sti-pftt, v.t. to make costive. | 
sti-p"' ' 


constipation, kon-sti-pft'shun, n. costiveness. 
constitnenoy, kpn-stifyii-en-si, n. body of 

constituent, kpn-stit'yu-ent, a. constituting"; 
composing.— w. that which helps to com- 
pose ; one who appoints or elects. 

consUtate, kon'stl-ttlt, v.t. to establish; 
cause to be ; compose ; appoint. 

constitation, kon-sti-ttl'shun, 71. act of con- 
stituting ; natural condition of mind or 
body ; code of organic laws ; established 
system of government. 

constitntional, kon-sti-ttl'shun-^l, a. inherent 
in, or consistent with, the constitution.— 
adv. constitationally.— ;2. constitntional'ity. 

constitatiye, kon'sti-ttlt-iv, a. that constitutes 
or establishes. [compel ; to bind.l 

oonstrain, k<fn-6tr&n\v.t. to urge irresistibly;! 

constrainedly, k^n-stran'ed-li, adv. with or 
under constraint. [finement. I 

constraint, kpn-strSiit^ n. com|)ulsion ; con-| 

constrict, kpn-strikt', v.t. to bind together ; 
compress by binding ; contract. 

constriction, kpn-strik^hun, n. act of con- 
stricting • compression ; contraction. 

constrictor, kpn-strikt'^r, n. a serpent which 
crushes its prey in its folds. 

constringent, kpn-strin'jent, a. binding ; con- 
stricting ; contracting. 

constmet, K^n-strukt', v.t. to build up ; put 
together ; make. 

cons&notion, kpn-struk'shun, n. act of con- 
structing ; thing constructed ; manner of 
forming ; arrangement of words ; meaning. 

<ft)zc ; Use, rflle, piill, up ; oil, out ; thin, thS ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; oljip, az(zll)ure. 

Digitized by LjOOQ iC 




•onstrnetiye, kpn-strukt^iv, a. pertaining to 
or formed by construction ; niferred. 

eonttme, kpn-strfi', v.t. to translate ; inter- 
pret ; explain. [same substance. I 

eonsatetaatiAl, Icon-sub-stan'sh^l, a. of the| 

•onintetaatiation, kon-snb-stan-si-ft'shun, 
-slii-, n. doctrine of the real presence of the 
body and blood of Christ with the sacra- 
mental elements. [eonnwta^diiwl. I 

eoninetade, kon'swe-tOd, n. custom ; habit.— | 

eonsnl, kon'sul, n. one of the two chief ma- 
gistrates of ancient Rome; agent of a 
government residing abroad. 

eonsnlar, kon'stl-I^r, -snfi-, a. pertaining to a 
consul.— n. a Roman who had been consul. 

eonsnlate, kon'stl-l^t, -shu-, n. office, or term 
of office, of a consul. [consul " 

up, kon'sul-ship, of a modem| 

eonsnlt, kon-sult', v.t. to seek CQunsel of ; 
look to for instruction ; act in accordance 
with.— r.i. to consider together. 

ooliBiiltation, kon-sul-ta'shun, n. act of con- 
sulting ; meeting to consider. 

oonrama, kon-stlmT, v.t. to destroy by wast- 
ing, fire, etc.; to devour; spend.. 

e«Btiimiiutte, kon-sum'fit, v.t. to perfect ; 

eonrammftfce, k<;>n-sum'^t. a. complete ; per- 
fect.— ac???. eonsommatalT. 

eonsnmmatioii, kon-sum-a^shan, n. comple- 
tion ; perfection ; close. 

eonsiimvtion, k9n-sump'shun, n. act of con- 
suming ; wasting disease in the lungs. 

oonsunptiye, kpn-sump'tiv, a. inclined to 
consumption. [elation. I 

oontaet, kon'takt, n. touch ; meeting ; asso-J 

eontagion, kpn-ta'jpn, n. communication of 
disease by contact ; disease so communi- 

eontagioiM, kpn-ta'jus, a. that may be com- 
municated by contact ; containing con- 
tagion.— a</t?. oontagionsly.— n. oontagions- 
ness. [hold ; restrain. | 

eontain, kpn-tan', v.t. to comprise ; include ;| 

eontomuutte, kpn-tam'i-nst, v.t. to defile : 
pollute. [ment ; pollution. 

eontaminttion, kpn-tam-i-nS'shun, n. deflle-| 

eontemn, kpn-tem', v.t. to despise ; to disre- 
gard.— n. eontamntr, cpn-tem'^r. 

eontemplata, kpn-tem'plSt, v.t. to regard 
thoughtfully ; meditate on. 

eontemplfttioii, kon-tem-pla'shnn, n. act of 
contemplating ; meditation. 

eontemplftuye, kpn-tem'pl^tiv, a. given to 

portry, kpn-tem'pO-r^-ri, a. living or being 
at the same time.— adv. oontemporuiooiiily. 
—n. oontemporuitoatneM. 


one who 

ntemporary, kpn-tem'pO-r^-ri, n. 
lives at the same time. 

eontempt, kpn-temt', n. act of contemning ; 
state of being contemned ; scorn ; disgrace. 

oeatemptiU*, k^n-temt'i-bl, a. deserving con- 
tempt ; mean ; haee.— adv. eontemptUily. 
— n. eeatemptiUimflM. 

eontemptnoiu, kpn-temt^-us, a. marked by 
contempt ; scornful.— o^^t;. eontemptiiouly. 
—n. eonumptaontness. 

oontend, kpn-tend', v.i. to strive ; qaarrel ; 
maintain by debate. 

content, kon'tent, kpn-tent', n. that which is 
contained ; capacity.—/)/, that which is 
contained ; list of subjects in a book. 

oontent, kpn-tent', a. satisfied.— n. satisfac- 
tion of mind.— 1;.<. to satisfy. 

eontented, kpn-tent'ed, -id, a. satisfied; 
pleased.— ac^v. contentedly.— fz. contflBtei- 
necf. . [emulation.! 

contention, kon-ten'shnn, n. strife ; debate;} 

eontentione, kpn-ten'shus, a. given to con- 
tention ; quarrelsome. 

contentment, kon-tent'ment, n. act of con- 
tenting ; state of being contented ; men- 
tal satisfaction. 

conterminal, kpn-t^r'mi-n^l, contenninfnc, 
kpn-tftr^mi-nus, a. having a common limit 
or boundary. idispute; reeist. 

conteit, k9n-test% v.t. to call in question ;| 

eontcft, kon'test, n. a dispute ; strife : 
debate. [a discourse or treatise. 

eonteit, kon'tekst n. associated passages of I 

conteztiire, kon-tekst'yiir, n. composition of 
parts, or of a fabric. [ness.l 

oontignity, kon-ti-gfl'i-ti, n. contact; near-| 

eontigaons, kon-tig^yn-us, a. adjoining ; 
—(jidv. oonacnoQsly.—n. oonngaonsnM 

continence, kon^ti-nens, n. restraint imposed 
upon the appetites ; chastity. 

connnent, kon^i-nent, a. refraining from the 
indulgence of the appetites ; chaste.— adv. 

continent, kon'ti-nent, n. one of the great di- 
visions of the earth. — a. oontinent'aL 

contin^ccj kpn-tin'iens, contingency, kQn- 
tin'jen-81, n. what happens ; event ; possi- 

contingent, kon-tin'jent, a. relatively possi- 
ble ; dependent.— n. a quota or proportion, 
esp. of soldiers. 

eonannal, kpn-tin'yu-^l, a. without interrup- 
tion ; persistent. — adv. continnallT. 

eontinunce, k^n-tin'yu-^ns, n. duration; 

eontinnation, kpn-tin-yfi-ft'shun, n. act of con- 
tinuing ; succession ; extension. 

continnator, kpn-tin-y^-S'tpr, n. one who con- 

ace, air, add, firm, ftsk, ail, visage ; sevfire, ebb, her, mak^r ; Ice, inn • Odpr, ox, Off. 

Digitized byLjOOQl(^ 




, kpn-tin'yu, v.t. to peraist in ; carry 

on- extend.— v.i. to remain; keep on: 

eDdore. [ceasing. 

MBttniied, kon-tin'yud, a. uninterrupted ; un- 

entiaiuty, kon-tin-tl'i-ti, n. unbroken con 

mtmiioiis, kpn-tin'yu-us, a. joined together ; 
uninterrupted.— adi;. eontmaonsly.— ?;. oon- 

MBtort kpn-tOrt', v.t. to twist ; writhe. 

MBtortioii, k9n-t6r'8hnn, n. a twisting ; 
bending into unnatural positions. 

eoDtoiir, kon'tdbr, n. an outline. 

eoBtnlMnd, kon'tra^band, a. prohibited by 
law ; introduced contrary to law, as goods. 
—n. illegal traffic. 

MBtrMt, k^n-trakt', v.t. to draw together ; 
lessen ; shorten ; incur.— tJ.i. to shrink : 
bargain for. [gain. 

MBtraei, kon'trakt, n. an agreement ;^bar-| 

MBtraeted, kpn-trakr^, a. narrow. 

MntneCile, kpn-trakt'il^ a. having power to 
contract.— n. oontnetil'itj. 

otBtrMtion, kpn-trak'shun, n. shrinking: 
shortening; thing contracted. [tract. 

Motnetor, kpn-trak't^r, n. a party to a con-| 

ooiitndiat, kon-tr^ikt% v.t, and v.i. to op- 
pose in words ; assert the contrary ; deny. 

Mntniiotioii, kon-tr^ik'shun, n. contrary 
assertion ; denial ; inconsistency. 

etntndietory, kon-tr^-dikt^ri, a. affirming 
the contrary; opposite; inconsistent; 
given to contradiction. — adv. eontradioto- 

Mntnidistmeiioii, kon-tr^-dis-tinj^k'shun, n. 
distinction by opposite qualities.— a. con- 

etntradlitingniith, kon-tr^dis-tlng'^ish, v.t. 
to distinguish bv opposite qumities. 

etntnlto, kon-tral'to, n. a voice or part 
between tenor and soprano. 

MDtnrittx, kon-tra-ri'§-ti, n. state of being 
contrary. [trary ; oppositely!] 

entnriwise, kon'tr^t-ri-wlz, adr\ on the con-| 

Mntmy, kon'tr^-ri, a. opposite ; inconsist- 
ent. — n. that which is contrary, — adv. 
M&tnrilj.— n. eontnuriness. 

etntrMt, k9n-tr^t% v.t. to place or show in 
opposition.— r.i. to stand in opposition ; 
exnibit opposite qualities. 

ewtrut, kon'trftst, n. opposition or strong 
nnlikeness ; comparison of opposites. 

etBtnTilUtioiL kon-tra-val-lft'shun, n. forti- 
fication made by besiegers in opposition to 
that of the besieged. 

etBtTsrene, kon-tr^v6n', v.t. to oppose ; 
hinder: contradict. 

awtnTtntiaii, kon-tr^-ven'shun, n. opposi- 
tion ; obstruction ; contradiction. 

eontribnU, kpn-trib'yut, v.t. to give for a com- 
mon purpose.— tJ.i. to give or bear a part. 

oontribntion, kon-trib-tl'snun, n. act of con- 
tributing : that which is contributed. 

oontribator, kpn-trib'yu-tpr, n. one who con- 
tributes, [ing ; tending to promote. I 

oontribnterj, k^n-trib'yu-to-ri, a. contribut-| 

contrite, kon'trit, a. deeply penitent.— arfv. 
oontritely. [sin. 

oontritioii, kon-trish'un, a. deep sorrow for| 

eontrivaiiM, K<;)n-trTv'an8, n. something con- 
trived ; device ; scheme. 

oontrive, kon-trlv', v.t, to plan out ; devise. 
—v.i. to find a way or means. 

eontrol, kpn-trOl', v.t. to restrain ; govern.— 
n. restraint ; authority. 

eontroller, kpn-trOl'^r, n. one who controls ; 
an adjuster of accounts. 

eontrovenial, kon-trp-v^r'sh^l, a. pertaining 
to controversy. 

eontroyersialist, kon-trO-ver'sh^J-ist, n. one 
given to controversy ; a con'trovertist. 

oontroversj, kon'trO-ver-si, n. dispute ; dis- 
cussion • contest. [against; refute. I 

eontrovert, kon'trO-vert, v.t. to oppose; argue| 

oontomaej, kon'tyn-ma-si, n. haughty resist- 
ance ; stubbcMnness.— a. oontuna'cioiu.— 
adv. oontmiia'eioiiBlj. 

oontmnely, kon'tyu-me-li, n. insolent lan- 
guage or treatment ; contemptuous re- 
proach.— a. eontame'lioiu.— acft;. eontome'- 

oontiue, kon-tflz', v.t. to bruise ; crush. 

oontasion, kpn-tfl'zhun, n. act of bruising ; 

eonnndnim, kp-nun'dnim, n. kind of riddle 
turning on a point of apparent likeness be- 
tween dissimilar things. 

eonvalMM, kon-v^les', v.t. to regain health. 

eonvalesoenee, kon-v^-les'ens, 71. gradual re- 
covery of health. 

oonvalesoent, kon-v^-les'ent, a. regaining 
health.— n. one recovering health. 

oonvene, kpn-vSn', v.t. to call together.— tj.i. 
to assemble. [accommodation. 

oonvenienoe, kpn-vgn'i-ens, n. suitableness;! 

eonvenient, kpn-v^n^i-ent, a. suitable ; handy; 

oonvent, kon'vent, n. a community of monks 
or nuns ; monastery or nunnery.— a. eon- 
vent'nal. [bly for worship.! 

eonyentiele, kpn-vent'i-kl, n. a small assem-| 

oonvention, k^n-ven'shun, n. act of conven- 
ing ; assembly convened ; agreement. 

eonventional, kpn-ven'shun-^l, a. agreed on ; 

eonventionahsm, kpn-ven'shun-^l-izm, n. 
something dependent on agreement or 

tlse, rfile, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, tM ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

5 Digitized by VjOOQIC 



eonverge, kpii-verj', r.i. to tend to one point. 

eonytrgent, kpn-verj'ent, a. tending to one 
point.— «. eonvergenee. [converse, l 

•onvarMUe, kpn-vers'^bl, a. disposed to 

eonTentnt, kon'v^rs-9,nt, a. well acquainted 

eonyenation, kon-v^r-sfl'shun, n. intercourse; 
familiar talk ; conduct.— a. eonTersationaL 

eonverae, kon-vers', v.L to have intercourse ; 
talk familiarly. 

oonverse, kon'v^rs, n. familiar intercourse ; 
talk ; the reverse of a proposition.— a. re- 
verse ; opposite.- orft?. eonvenelj. 

•onTernon, kpn-v^r^shun, n. change ; change 
from wickedness to virtue, or from one 
religious faith to another ; appropriation 
to a purpose. 

convert, kpn-vert', v.t. to change from one 
thing, course of life, or faith, to another ; 
to apply to a purpose. 

eoBTeri, kon'v^rt, n. one who has entered 
upon a religious life | one who has adopted 
a new belief or opinion. 

eonywrtiUe, kpn-vfert'i-bl, a. that may be con- 
verted, changed, or interchanged. — a. oon- 
vertiUy.— n. eonvertibil'ity. 

oonyo, kon'veks, a. rising into a round 
form on the outside.— n. a convex body. 

eonvexity, kpn-veks'i-ti, n. external round- 
ness of form. [impart. I 

eonvej, kpn-vll', v.t. to carry ; transmit ;| 

eonve^uiee, kpn-vft'^ns, n. act of conveying ; 
thing that conveys ; writing that transfers 

oonveyaneer, kpn-vft'^ns-^r, n. one whose 
business is the transference of property. 

oonTeyaiifliBg, k^n-vfi'^ns-ing, n. the business 
of a conveyancer. [guilty.' 

conviet, k^n-vikt', v.t. to prove ; to prove, 

eonviot, kon'vikt, n. one found guilty oi 

eonvietion, k^n-vik'shun, n. act of convincing 
or convicting ; state of being convinced 
or convicted ; assured belief. 

oonviotiTe. kpn-vikt'iv, a. able to convict. 

eonvinee, kpn-vins', v.t. to compel belief by 
evidence ; to satisfy. 

convivial, kpn-viv'i-^l, a. festive ; iovial ; so- 
cial.— a. oonvivially.— n. eonvivial'ity. 

oonvocation, kon-vp-ka'shun, n. act of calling 
together ; ecclesiastical assembly. 

convoke, kpn-vOk', v.t. to call together. 

convolute, kon'vp-ltlt, convoluted, kon-vp- 
lUt'ed, a. rolled upon itself or together ; 

oonvolntion, kon-vp-ltl'shun, n. state of be- 
ing rolled together ; a fold or twist. 

convolve, kpn-volv', v.t. to roll or twist to- 

eonvolvnlni, kpn-volv'yu-lus, n. genus ot 
twining plants. 

convoy, kpn-voi', v.t. to accompany for pro- 
tection ; escort 

convoT, kon'voi, n. act of convoying ; that 
which convoys or is convoyed ; escorted 
fleet or train. [affect with spasms. I 

convolM, kpn- vols', «;./. to agitate violently ;! 

convnlsion, kpn-vul'shun, n. violent agita- 
tion • general spasm. 

convulaive, kpn-vuls'iv. a. producing or at- 
tended with convulsions.— arfp. convnls- 
ivdy. [rodent. 

eony, kO'ni, n. a rabbit ; small Syrian; 

coo, kdb, v.i. to make a soft noise like the 

cook, kuk, v.t. to prepare food by fire.— n. 
one who prepares food for eating. 

cookery, kuk'9-ri, n. art of preparing food for 

cool, k(Wl, a. somewhat cold ; calm ; indif- 
ferent ; calmly impudent.— arf». oool'ly.— 
n. coolneu.— i;.^. to make cool.— v.i. to 
grow cool. [laborer. 

coolie, kdbl'i, ». an East Indian or Chinese! 

coop, kdbp, n. a box or cage for fowls or 
small animals.— !?.<. to confine in a coop ; 
shut up. 

cooper, knp'er, n.& maker of casks, tubs, etc. 

cooperage, KUp'^r-aj, n. cooper's work; cost 
of cooper's work. 

co-oper^ kO-op'^r-ftt, v.i. to work together. 

co-operation, kO-op-^r-ft'shun, n. joint labor 
or action. [gether.l 

eo-operative, ko-op'^r-^tiv, a. working to-| 

eo-operative atore, kO-op'^r-^tiv stOr, n. store 
where the net profits are divided among 
the customers. [with others!] 

eo-operator, kO-op-er-R'tor, m. one who works 

co-ordinate, ko-or'di-nat, v.t. to make equal 
in rank.— a. [-n^tl holding the same order 
or rank.— n. co-ordina'tion. 

coot, kdbt, n. a kind of water-fowl. 

copal, ko'pal, n. a resin used for making 

copartner, ko-pftrt'n^r, n. a joint partner. 

co^artneriihip, KO-pftrt'n^r-ship, n. association 
m business. [Ing. 

cope, kOp, n. a priest's cloak ; a hood • cop-; 

cope, kOp, v.i. to vie or contend with on 
equal terms. 

coping, kOp'ing, n. top or ridge of a wall. 

copions, ko'pi-us, a. plentiful ; ample ; abund- 
ant.— oclz;. eopionuy.— 71. oopiouneai. 

copper, kop'^r, n. a reddish metal ; vessel 
made or copper. 

copperaa, kop'^r-as, n. proto-sulphate of iron : 
green vitriol. [American snake. 

eopperhead, kop'^r-hed, n. a venomons N.| 

ace, §ir, add, arm, ftsk, &11, visage ; Bgvere, ebb, her, mftk^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, Off, 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 



Mntr-yltte, kop'^r-plat, n. an engraved 
pUte of copper, or an impression from it. 
Mfptrj, kop'^r-i, a. like, or containing cop- 
per, [small growth. I 

Nffiee. kop'is, oopse, kops, n. a wood of | 

M^hfte, kop'yn-lftt, i;.^.and v.i. to couple or 
join together.— n. eopnla'tioii. 

•mlatiTe, kop'yil-l^tiv, a. uniting; coup- 
ling.— », a conjunction indicating connec- 
tion of ideas. 

otpy, kop'i, n. one of a number, esp. of 
books ; a pattern ; imitation ; transcrip- 
tion ; manuscript for printing.— v.<. to 
imitate ; transcribe. [imitator. I 

Myyigt, kop'i-ist, n. one who copies ; an| 

mfj-nghtt Kop'i-rlt, n. exclusive right of an 
author to publish copies of his work. 

etfMt, ko-ket', v.i. to attempt to excite ad- 
miration or love with intent to deceive.— 
v.t. to trifle with in love. 

MfVfltnr, kO'ket-ri, kO-ket'ri, n. act of co- 
quettins ; propensity to coquet. 
fMtte, kO-ket% n. a woman addicted to 

coqnetry ; a flirt.— a. wiutMuL—n. eooaet- 
tisA&ess. [marine zoophytes.— a. oonJune. I 
0tnL kor'^, n. a calcareous secretion of| 
0«nlim«, kor'^-in, a stony marine plant re- 
sembling coral. [from a wall. I 

to pile up for measurement, as wood. 

mian, kfird'aij, n. quantity of cords or ropes. 

owiMe, kfir'dftt, a. heart-snaped. 

oiriial, kdrd'v^, a. hearty ; friendly.— n. a 
reviving ormk.— orft;. oordiallT.— /2. oor- 

MfiMU kOr'don, n. ribbon worn as a badge 
of honor • line^of military poets. 

eniorox, kOr-dyu-roi', n. tnick^ ribbed cot- 
ton stufF. 

etrdwamer, kdrd'wftn-^r, n. a shoemaker. 

Mri, kOr, n. heart, or central oart. 

oifiiwtma, ko-ri-ft'shns, a. leathery. 

ettttnd«r, kp-ri-an'der, n. a plant with aro- 
matic seeds. 

eo^ kOrk, n. soft bark of a kind of oak ; 
stopper made of this bark.— v. ^. to stop 
with a cork. [corks from bottles. I 

etric-Mrew, kOrk'skrfl, n. a screw to draw| 

emiMnrmitt, kOr'm^-r^t, n. a voracious sea- 
bird ; a greedy person. 

em, kdm, n. grain of any kind ; maize ; 
homy excrescence upon the foot.— v.t. to 
sprinkle with salt. [coat of the eye. I 

wrBMi, kdr'ne-a, n. hard, transparent front] 

Mnd, kdr'nel, n. a kind of dog- wood. 

omtr, kOr'n^r, n. an angle ; angular recess ; 
secret or conflned place. 

kdr'n^r, n. the accumulation of the 
greater part of any stock or merchandise 
m the hands of a combination of persons, 
to force up the price. [cavalry officer. I 

eomet, kdr^net, p. a horn-shaped trumpet ;| 

eometej, kdr'net-si, n. rank or office of a 
comet. [wall. I 

ooraiee, kOr'nis, n. moulding at the top of a| 

eonmeopia, k6rn-fl-k0p'i-ft, n. horn of plenty 
(figure of a horn filled with fniit, etc.). 

eoroUa, k^-rol'a, n. that part of a flower 
which is composed of one or more petals. 

corollary, kor'9-l^-ri, n. additional inference 
from a deduction. 

ooronal, kor'0-nal, -0'-, a. pertaining to a 
crown, or the top of the head.— n. a crown 
or wreath. [mony of crowning. I 

eoronation, kor-p-nS'shun, n. act or cere-| 

eoronor, kor'p-n^r, n. an officer who inquires 
into the cause of accidental or suspicious 
deaths. [the noDility.l 

eoronet, kor'o-net,n. inferior crown worn by| 

corporal, k0r^p9-i^, a. belonging to, or hav- 
ing a body.— n. a non-commissioned offi- 
cer below a sergeant. 

corporallj, k6r'p<?-r^li, adv. bodily. 

corporate, k6r'p9-r^t, a. legally united into a 
community ; belonging to a corporation. 
— adv. eorporatoly. 

corporatien, kOr-pp-rR'shun, n. society legally 
authorized to act as an individual. 

corporeal, k6r-p0'rg-^l, a. having a body or 
substance. — adv. corporeally.— /t. corporeal'- 

corps, kOr, n. a body of troops.— p/. corps. 

corpse, kOrps, n. a dead human body. 

corpulent, kdr'pyu-lent, a. stout ; bulky ; fat. 
— 72. corpnlenoe. [particle.— a. corpu'CQlar. I 

corpuscle, K6r'pu8-l, n. a minute body or] 

conal, kor-ral', n. a pen or inclosure for cattle. 

correct) kpr-rekt', v.t. to make right ; reform ; 
punish. — a. right ; accurate ; proper.— arfr, 
correctly.— 7^. correctness. 

correction, kor-rek'shun, n. act of correcting ; 
amendment ; punishment. 

correctional, kor-rek'shun-^l, correctiye, kor- 
rekt'iv, a. tending, or able, to correct.— n. 
that which corrects. 

corrector, kor-rekt'pr, n. one who corrects. 

correlatiye, kor-rel'a-tiv, a. related to each 
other.— adv. oorrelatively.— n. eorrela'tion.— 
n. person or thing correspondingly related 
to another. 

correspond, kor-res-pond', suit ; answer ; 
fit ; hold intercourse by letteTB.—adv. cor- 

correspondence, kor-res-pond'ens, n. suitable- 
ness ; agreement ; Intercourse by letters ; 
body of letters interchanged. 

itoze ; tlse, rftle, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, the ; get, jet ; kin, 

sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

by Google 




eorrMMndent, kor-reg-pond'ent, a. agreeing 
with.— n. one who writes letters. 

corridor, korM-dor, n. a gallery communicat- 
ing with separate looms. 

eorroboruit, kor-rob'9-r^nt, a. strengthening ; 


■ eorrobortto, kor-rob'9-rat, v.t. to make strong ; 

confirm.— a. oorrob'orttivo.— n. o</rroborft'- 

tion. [to rust.! 

oorrodo, kor-rOd', vU. to eat away gradually ;| 

oorrodon, kor-rO'zhun, n. act 01 corroding ; 
state of being corroded. 

eorroiivo, kor-rOz'iv, a. having power to cor- 
rode. — adv. oorrooivoly.— n. eorroiiyenoM. 

oormgarte. kor'ru-^t, v.t. to wrinkle ; draw 
into folds. .[kling ; a wrinkle or fold. I 

eormgation, kor-ru-ga'snun. n. act of wrin-| 

oorropt, kpr-rupt', v.t. to make putrid ; spoil ; 
debase ; bribe.— t?.i. to become corrupted. 
— a. putrid ; depraved ; full of errors.— 
adv. eorraptlj.- /}. eorraptnoM. 

eorraptible, k^r-rupt'i-blj a. that may be cor- 
rupted.— ofifv. wmptMj.—n. eorraptibil'- 
ity. rtrid matter ; depravity ; bribery.! 

eorraptioii, kpr-mp'shun, n. rottenness : pu-l 

oorMge, k0r-89zh% n. the bodice or waist of 
a woman's dress. 

oorMir. kdr'sar, n. a pirate ; piratical vessel. 

eone, kOrs, n. a corpse. [body. I 

oorslet, kOrs'let, n. armor for covering the| 

eonet, kOr'set, n. a woman's stays. 

eortt^, kOr-tftzh', n. train of attendants: 
procession. [sembling bark. 

eoriieal, kOrt'i-k^l, a. belonging to, or re-| 

oomndiui, k9-run'dum, n, a very hard oxide 
of aluminium. Pi^ht : to flash. I 

oonueate, kor-us'kftt, v.t. to enut flashes of] 

oonuoatioiL kor-us-kft'shun, n. a flash of 
light ; glittering. 

eorvetto, k6r-vet', n. a small ship of war. 

eotmotie, koz-metMk, a. improving beauty, 
esp. of the face. — n. preparation used for 

eofmio, koz'mik, oosmieal, koz'mik-^I, a. per- 
taining to the world or the universe.— orfi). 

oosmogony, koz-mog'o-ni, n. science or doc- 
trine of jthe formation of the universe. 

ootmographor, koz-mog'r^-f^r, n. one versed 
in cosmography. 

eosmography, koz-mog'r^-fi. n. description of 
the universe.— a. eotmograph'ie. 

eotmologiit, koz-mol'^-jist, n. one versed in 
cosmology, [description of the universe.! 

ootmolocT, Koz-mol'^-ji, n. science of, orl 

eosmopoute, koz-mop'9-lTt, n. a citizen of the 
world.— a. eounojiorttan. 

ootmoruna, koz-mp-ra'm§, n. series of views 
of various parts of the world. 

eofi, kost, v.t. to amount to in price.— ».<. 

and p.p. eoft— n. price paid or demanded 

for anything ; expense ; loss ; damage, 
eoftormonger, kost'^r-mung'g^r, n. a hawker 

of fruits and vegetables. 
oofltiTO, kostMv, a. constipated.— «M/t;. ooft- 

vnij.—n. oofltiTmoM. [eittiiiioM.| 

oostlj, kost'li, a. high-priced ; valuable.— n.| 
eoftuno, kos-ttlm^ n. mode of dress ; dress, 
eosy, eoiy, ko'zi, a. snug; comfortable.— 

adv. M&dj.—n. ootinoM. [bed. I 

eot, kot, eote, kot, f{. a cottaj^e ; hut ; small! 
eotomporary, kp-tem'pp-r^-n, see eontempo- 

rtry. [familiarly, 

ooterie, kO't^-rS, n. set of persons who meeti 
ootilUon, ootillon, kp-til'yun, n. a dance by 

four couples ; quadrille. 
eotUgo, kot'^j, n. a hut ; 

small country-house. 
ootUger, kot'^j-^r, eottor, 

kot'^r, n. one who lives - 

in a cottage. 
ootUn, kot'n, n. fine fibres 

attached to the seeds 

of the cotton-plant ; the 

cotton-plant; cloth or 

thread made of cotton, 
eottonj, kof^-ni, a. like 

cotton. Potton 

ootyledon, kot-i-led'un, ^o"on. 

-led'-, n. the seed-lobe, or seed-leaf of a 
plant. fa seed-lobe. I 

ootyladonoiu. kot-i-led'9-nus, -led'-, a. having| 

ooneh, koucn, v.t. to lay down ; to express ; 
to displace or break up a cataract in the 
eye.— tJ.i. to lie down.— w. a place for re- 
pose; bed. 

eongar, kdb'g^r, n. see puna. 

oongh, k6f, n. action of the diaphragm to 
expel anything from the lungs.— tJ.i. to 
make this effort.— t?.^. to expel by congh- 

wvli, k&d, p.t. of ean. [plow.! 

eonlter, kOl'ter, n. cutting fore-iron of a| 

eonnoil, koun'sil, n. an assembly for deliber- 
ation or advice, [cil.j 

oonnoillor. koun'sil-9r, n. member of a coun-j 

eovniel, koun'sel. n. deliberation ; advice ; 
purpose : an advocate.— i;.^ to advise. 

eoiinsoilor, koun'sel-9r, n. one who advises ; 
a lawyer. 

eovnt, kount, v.t. to number; sum up; 
esteem.— D.i. to number; amount to.— w. 
number ; enumeration ; charge in the in- 

eonnt, kount, n. a title of nobility. 

oonnttnaiieo, konn'tg-n^ns, n. the face; ex- 
pression of the features ; approval ; sup- 
port.—v.t. to approve ; patronize. 

ace, air, add, ftrm, ftsk, ftll, vis^e ; sfivCre, ebb, her, mftk^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, Off, 

Digitized by V3OOQ iC 



, kount'^r, n. one who counts ; piece 

of metal, etc., used in counting ; a shop 
table. — a. opjj^site.—adv. in opposition. 
[In composition denotes opposite action.] 

MuterMt, kount-^r-akt^ v.t. to oppose ; de- 
feat by opposite action. —n. oonnterMtion. 

«fB■torMlano^ kount'^r-bar^ns, v.t. to weigh 
eoually against ; act against with equal 
enect, — n. equal weight or power in op- 

eMnfenfirit, kount'^r-fit, v.i. to imitate ; forge. 
— n.Bomething made in imitation or forged. 
—a. made in imitation ; forged, —n. eonni- 
vMter. [by an opposite order. I 

Munteniuuid, kount-^r-m^nd', v.t. to revoke! 

ofQBtemuuid, kount'^r-mand, n. an opposite 
or revoking order. 

Muntermftreh, konnt'^r-m&rch, v.i. to march 
in the reverse direction.— 7^. oonntermareh. 

oranterpuie, kount'^r-pftn, n. coverlet for a 

oMnUrpvt, konnt'^r-pftrt, n. something cor- 
responding with, or exactly resembling, 

wa nt wpoint, kount'^r-point, n. harmony in 
music ; art or science of musical compo- 

MOBtervoiaa, konnt^^r-poiz, v.t. to weigh 
equally against. — n. an equally heavy 

MontCTMarp, kount'^r-skftrp, n. in fort, the 
side of the ditch nearest me besiegers. 

— mtwii gn, kount-<pr-sIn', v.t. to sign in ad- 
dition to a superior signature. 

— mtwii gn, kount'^r-sTn, n. a military 
watchword. [the highest tenor voice. I 

ttoaler-tenor, konnt'^r-ten'pr, n. in music A 

oMmttrrul, kount-^r-vftl^ v.t. to avail 
against ; be of equal value to. [earl. I 

w nteii, kount'es, n. the wife of a coui\t or| 

otontfais-hoiife, kount'ing-hous, eovntiiig- 
rtpin, kount'ing-rdbm, n. office in which 
accounts are kept. [merable. I 

owmilaii, kount'les, a. numberless ; innu-J 

OMDitrj, kun'tri, it. rural region, as opposed 
to a town ; tract of land ; land.— a. be- 
longtng to the country ; rustic. 

•MDitrj-unee, kun'tri-dans, n. dance in 
which the partners are in opposite lines. 

o wmifjuM Ui, kun'tri-m^n, n. one who lives in 
the country ; native of the same country. 

OMDitrj-Mftt, Kun'tri-s6t, n. country residence 
of a citizen. 

Mukj. kount'i, n. district of country with 
local jurisdiction ; subdivision of a State. 

Mni, k(^I]A% n. kind of four-wheeled car- 

M«tl«, kup'i, n. two of a kind ; a pair.— r.f . 
to join together. 

eonplet, kup'letj a. two contiguous rhyming 
verses ; a pair. 

coupling, kup'ling, n. something which 
couples or connects ; act of joining. 

coupon, kdbp'on, n. detachable certificate of 
interest. [danger ; bravery. I 

eonnge, kur'^j, -ij, n. boldness to meet| 

oonngeons, kur-ftj'us, a. full of courage ; 
hr&ve.— adv. MimetQialj. [attendant. 

oonrier, kdbr'i-^r, n. a messenger ; travellingi 

conrso, kOrs, n. act of running ; track ; path 
pursued ; career ; voyage or race ; prog- 
ress ; method ; service of food. 

eonrse, kOrs, v.t. to chase or nin after.— t?.i. 
to run swiftly. 

conrsor, kOrs'^r, n. a swift horse. 

coursing, kors'ing, n. hunting with grey- 

court kOrt. n. space surrounded by houses ; 
palace of a sovereign ; body of his attend- 
ants ; hall of iustice ; the body of judges; 
attentions ; aadresses.— 1>.<. to pay atten- 
tions to ; to solicit ; to woo. 

conrtcoQi, kurt'yus, a. polite ; obliging.— 
adv. oonrteonBiT.- n. oonrtconsnoff. 

oonrtesj, kurt'e-si, n. elegance or politeness 
of manner ; civility. 

eonrteoj, kurt'si, n. a gesture of salutation 
made by women.— 1>.{. to make a courtesy. 

courtier, kOrt'yer, n. one who frequents a 
court • one who courts. 

courtly, kort'li, a. of dignified and polished 
manners.— n. courtlincff. 

court-martial, kOrt-mSx'sh^I, n. court held by 
officers of the army or navy to tryoflfenses 
against military or naval laws.— J9^. eourts- 
m^rtitV [hesive plaster. I 

oourt-plifter, kOrt'plfts't^r, n. thin silk ad- 1 

courtship, kOrt'ship. n. act of wooing ; so- 
licitation to marriage. 

oousin, ku//n, n. the child of an uncle or 
aunt ; collateral relation. 

COTC, n. a small inlet or bay. 

covenant, kuv'e-n^nt, n. a mutual agreement. 
—v.i. to make an agreement ; to contract 
or bargain. 

cover, kuv'^r, v.t. to spread over : hide ; 
clothe ; protect ; suffice for.— n. shelter ; 
protection ; anything that covers. 

coverinjS, kuv'^r-ing, n. anjrthing that covers. 

coverleC kuv'^r-let, n. a covering for a bed. 

covert, kuv'^rt, a. hid ; secret.— orft;. covertly. 

coverture, kuv'^r-tyur, n. in tow, the state of 
a married woman. [fuHyl 

covet, kuv'et, n. to desire eagerly or unlaw- 1 

covetcue, kuv'et-us, a. inordinately desirous ; 
avaricious.— cK^t?. covetously.- n. covetouf- 
noff. [birds. I 

covey, kuv'i, w. a brood or small flock of| 

(A«e ; Use, rflle, p6ll, up ; oil, out ; thin, t/iB ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)are. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 




cow, kou, n. the female of homed cattle, of 

the whale, walrus, etc. 
oow, kou, v.t. to subdue by fear, 
oowturd, kou'^rd, n. one wanting in courage. 

— a. fearful ; timid, 
oowardioe, kou'^d-ie, Ji. timidity; want of 

eowardlj, kou'^d-li, a. fearful ; pusillani- 
mous ; jne&n.— adv. oowardly.— 7i. eoward- 

eower, kou'er, v.i. to crouch or shrink, as 

from peril or suffering. 
cowherd, kou'h^rd, n. one who tends cows. 
oowhide, kou'hid, n. hide of a cow, or leather 

made from it ; whip of raw hide. — v.t. to 

beat with a cowhide. 
eowl, koul, n. a monk's hood, 
eow-poz, kou'poks, n. the vaccine disease. 
oowuip, kou'slip, n. a species of primrose, 
coxoomb, koks'kOm, n. a vain fop. 
eozflwain, kok'swftn, kok'sn, n. officer in 

command of a boat, 
ooy, koi, a. shy ; bashful ; modest.— arf». 

007I7.— n. ooTness. 
ooMn, kuz'n, v.t. to 

orab, krab, n. a shell- 
fish with ten legs ; 

the sign Cancer in 

the z(Kiiac. 
crab, krab, n. a small 

sour variety of ap- 
crabbed, krab'ed, a. 

peevish ; cross ; morose ; perplexing. — 

adv. erabbcdly.— n. crabbedness. 
crack, krak, n. a sudden sharp noise ; a 

fissure.— tJ.i. to give a sharp noise ; to 

split.— f.^ to break with a fissure. 
ora»er, krak'^r, n. hard biscuit; kind of 

firework. [sounds. I 

crackle, krak-1, v.i. to produce cracking| 
cradle, krft'dl, n. a rocking bed for a child ; 

scythe with fingers, for cutting grain.— 1;.<. 

to lay in a cradle ; to cut with a cradle. 
crafL krftftj n. cunning ; dexterity ; manual 

art ; sailmg vessel or vessels. 
cralUman, krafts'm^n, n. a mechanic, 
crafty, krftf t'i, a. cunning ; artful ; dexter- 
ous.— atftJ. craftily.— n. craftiness, 
crag, krag, n. a rough, steep rock, 
cragsed, krag'ed, craggy, krag'i, a. rugged 

with broken or steep rocks, 
cram, kram, v.t. to stuff ; crowd ; overfill. — 

v.i. to eat to excess. 
cramp, kramp, n. a spasmodic contraction 

of ine muscles.— D.<. to affect with cramp ; 

confine painfully ; restrict. 
cranberry, Icran'ber-i, n. a red, sour berry. 


crane, krSn, n. a large wading 

crane, krftu, n. machine for 

raising heavy weights. 
craniology. krft-ni-ol'9-ji, n. 

the study of sknlls. 
cranium, Icrft'ni-um, -yum, n. 

the Bkoll.— p^. crania.— a. 

crank, krangk, n. bent arm to 

an axis, to convert recipro- 
cating into circular motion, 

or the reverse. — a. liable to m 

oveiTBCt ; top-heavy, 
cranny, kran'f, n. crevice ; Crane. 

crape, krftp, n. a thin loosely woven stuff, 

used in mourning, 
crash, krash, n. a noise as of things falling or 

breaking ; ruin.-^\i. to make such a noise, 
crash, krash, n. coarse linen cloth, 
crate, krftt, n. case of coarse wicker-work, 
crater, krft'ter, n. the mouth of a volcano, 
crannch, krftnch, v.i. to crush with the teeth; 

chew noisily, 
cravat, kr^vat', n. a neckcloth, 
crave, krftv, v.t. to beg earnestly ; long for. 
craven^ krftv'n, n. a coward.— a. cowardly ; 

spiritless.— rt^tj. cravenly. 
craving, krftv'ing, fi. longing ; strong de- 
sire, [birds. 1 
craw, krft, n. the crop, or first stomach of) 
crawfish, kr&'fish, see crayfish, 
crawl, krftl, v.i. to creep ; move feebly or 

slowly. [ster.l 

crayfish, krft'fish, n. small fresh-water lob-| 
crayon, krfl'pn, n. a pencil of colored chalk ; 

drawing made with crayons.— !?.<. to draw 

with a crayon. [mental derangement.! 
erase, krftz, v.t. to weaken ^ to derange. — n.\ 
crasT, kra'zi, a. feeble ; ruinous ; insane, 
creak, krek, v.i. to make a sharp, grating 

cream, krCm, n. the fatty part of milk ; the 

best part.— «?.i. to form cream or thick 

froth. — a. cream]r. 
creamery, kr6m'^r-i, n. establishment where 

milk or cream is received and butter 

made. [mark of a fold.! 

crease, krCs, v.t. to mark by folding.— n.| 
create, krC-ftt', v.t. to make from nothing ; 

to form; produce, 
creation, krS-ft'shun, n. act of creating ; that 

which is created ; the universe, 
creative, krS-at'iv, a. able to create, 
creator, kr6-at'<?r, n. one who creates ; the 

Creator, God. 
creature, krSt'yAr, n. a being or thing cre- 
ated ; one entirely subservient to another. 

ace, air, add, ftrm, ftsk, all, visg,ge ; sgvCre, ebb, her, mak^r ; Ice, inn ; Od9r, ox, 6flf, 

Digitized by LjOOQ iC 




, krC'dens, n. belief ; trust. 

•ndcntiiu, krfi-den^sh^, n. that which gives 
a title to credit ; in pl.esp. letters or docu- 
ments supporting any one's pretensions, 
mtibla, krea'i-bl, a. worthy of belief,— arft'. 

endiblx.— n. ondilnl'ity. 
endit, kred'it, n. belief ; trust ; reputation ; 
time allowed for payment ; record of pay- 
ment ; amount due. — v.t. to believe; 
tmst ; sell or lend on trust ; place to the 
credit of. 

sreditable, kred'it-a-bl, a. trustworthy ; repu- 
table.— ac??;. ereoitably.— ;?. oreditableneis. 

creditor, kred'i-tpr, n. one to whom a debt is 
due. [believe.! 

credulity, kre-dtl'li-ti, n. over-readmess to| 

cndnloiis, kred'yu-lus, a. too apt to believe ; 
ansuspiciouB.— arftj. orednlonslj.— 72. oredu- 
kesnest. [of belief. I 

cned, kr6d, n. belief : summary of articles] 

creek, krek, w. small inlet or river. 

cml, kr61, n. a fishing-basket. 

creep, krCp, v.i. to move close to the ground, 
or slowly ; move as an insect ; grow 
along the ground, as a vine.— 2?.^. Bnap.p. 
crept. [creeping or climbing plant. 

creeper, krCp'^r, n. that which creeps ; a| 

erentte, krCmat, v.t. to burn to ashes.— w. 
erema'tion. [paratus for burning bodies. 

creBttlory, krem'a-tp-ri, n. building or ap-| 

ereele, krC'Ol, n. one born in a country but 
of foreign blood ; usually a person born 
in America or the West Indies, of pure 
French or Spanish blood. 

creMote, ereasote, krfi'^-sOt, n. oily antiseptic 
liqnid distilled from tar. [ing. I 

crepOftte, krep'i-tftt, v.i. to crackle In burn-| 

erepitation, krep-i-tS'shun, n. a crackling or 
snapping noise. 

crept, krept, n.t. &nd p.p. of ereep. 

erepUMolir, krs-pus'kyu-lar, a. of, or like 
twilight. [ncss or power. I 

ereMendo, kre-shend'O, a. increasing in loud-j 

ereMeni, kres'ent, a. increasing.— w. the in- 
creasing moon ; anything shaped like the 
crescent moon ; the Turkish standard. 

crew, kres^ n. a plant with pungent edible 
l^ve«. [ibles used to give light. 

, kres'et, n. iron frame for combust- 

creitw krest, n. the comb of a cock ; .ridge o 
a helmet, wave, or mountain ; ornament 
on a helmet, or over a coat-of-arms. 

eretted, krest'ed, a. wearing or having a crest. 

mit-ftllcii, krcst'fclln, a. dejected ; humili- 
ated ; cowed. 

crctMeou. kre-tft'shus, a. of, or like chalk. 

cretMuie, kre-ton', n. kind of fine flowered 
calico. [or a glacier.! 

crerMM, kre-vas', w. rift in an embankment] 

orevio«, krev'is, n. a crack ; narrow opening, 
orew, krfl, n. a company of people ; ship's 

crew, krfi, p.t. of crow, 
crib, krib, n. a manger ; stall ; child's bed 

with raised sides ; a corn-house, or shed 

for maize, 
eribbage, krib'^j, -ij, n. a game at cards, 
crick, Krik, ji. a spasm or cramp, esp. of the 

neck. [grassnoppers.l 

cricket, krik'et, n. an insect allied to thel 
cricket, krik'et, n. a game played with a ball 

and wickets, 
cricket, krik'et, n. a low stool, 
crier, krl'^r, w. an officer who makes public 

crime, krlm, n. a wicked violation of law. 
criminal^ knm'i-n^l, a. relating to, or guilty 

of crime.— rt. one guilty of crime.— arfr. 

oriminally.— 7?. criminal'ity. 
criminate, krim'in-flt, v.t. to charge with 

crime ; accuse.— n. crimina'tion. 
crimp, krimp, a. contracted ; wrinkled or 

ridged. — v.t. to plait ; throw into ridges ; 

to seize or decoy, 
crimson, krim'zn, n. a deep red inclined to 

purple ; red in general. — a. of a crimson or 

red color.— v.<. to tinge with crimson.— t?.i. 

to become crimson, 
oringe, krinj, v.i. to bow or crouch with ser- 
vility ; to fawn.— w. a low bow or bending, 
cripple, krip'l, n. a lame person. —t>./. to 

make lame ; deprive of power, [pi. crises. | 
crisis, krl'sis, n. a decisive point or time.— | 
crisp, krisp, a. curled ; wrinkled ; brittle.— 

v.t. to curl or make wavy. [ing. I 

criterion, krl-te'ri-pn, n. a standard of jud^-| 
critic, krit'ik, n. one who judges, esp. m 

literature or the fine arts, 
critical, krit'ik-^1, a. relating to criticism ; 

discriminating ; captious ; indicating a 

crisis ; decisive ; important.— arft?. criti- 

critidse, -lie, krit'i-slz, v.t. to examine and 

judge ; pass judgment on ; censure, 
criticism, krit'i-sizm, n. art of criticising, eftp. 

in literature or art ; a critical judgment, 
critiqae, kri-tek', n. an extended critical ex- 
croak, krOk, n. cry of a frog or raven.— t?.i. to 

utter a sound like a frog ; forebode evil. 
croaker, krOk'^r, one who croaks ; a fore- 

boder of evil. 
Groat, krO-at', n. a native of Croatia. 
crochet, kro-shft', n. knitting done with a 

small hook.— v.^ and v.i. to knit with a 

hook. [vessel.] 

crock, krok, w. a wide-mouthed earthen] 
crockery, krok'^-ri, n. earthen-ware. 

tise, rfile, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, thB ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; clu^ az(zh}ure. 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 





ereoodil^ krok'Q-dll, 
-dil, «.alargeam- 

he lizard kind.— 

a. enwodil^iuL 
oroons, krO'kui«, n. a 

genus of bulbous- 
rooted plants with 

handsome flowers 
eroft, kroft, n. an in- 
closed field, 
erone, krOn, n. an old „ 

erony, krOn'i, n. a 

familiar companion, 
orook, krak, n. a bend ; staff bent at the end ; 

an artifice.— 2^^. to bend into a hook ; 

bend.— t>.i. to bend or be henL—pj). 

erooked, kriikt. 
erooked, kr&k'ed, a. not straight ; perverse.- 

adv. erookedlT.— n. erookedneM. 
erop, krop, n. the first stomach of a bird, 
orop, krop, n. the produce of a field or farm ; 

entire season's produce of anything.— t^.^ 

to harvest ; cut short or close, 
eroqntt, krO-kfl', n. a game played with balls, 

mallets, and arches. [etc., fried. 

eroqnatte, kro-ket', n. ball of minced meat, | 
erouer, krO'zh^r, n. a bishop's staff with a 

curved top, 
eroBS, kros, krds, n. a straight body crossing 

another ; gibbet made of two crossing 

beams ; the instrument on which Christ 

suffered, and hence the Christian religion ; 

affliction ; anything in the shape of a 

cross; a mixmg of breeds.— ?;.^ to lay 

athwart ; pass over ; mark with a cross ; 

obstruct or annoy, 
eross, kros, krOs, a. transverse ; adverse ; 

peevish.— arft?. crossly.— 7i. erossness. 
oross-bow, kros' bo, 7;. bow fixed to a stock or 

handle at right angles. 
eross-exainine, kros-egz-am'in, v.t. to examine 

a witness by the opposite party. — n. eross- 

ezunina'tioii. [converging eyes. I 

eross-eyed, kros 'Id, a. having distorted or, 
oross-^Tftintd, kros'grand, a. having the grain 

at right angles ; perverse, 
crossing, kros'ing, n. place for )>assing over a 

street, stream, etc.; intersection of ways. 
cross-road, kros'rOd, n. a road which crosses 

another, [across ; in the form of a cross. I 
crossmiys, kros'wSz, crosswise, kros'wiz, adr\ 
crotch, kroch, n. forking of a tree. 
crotchet, kroch'et, n. note in music equal to 

half a minim (J); a whim, 
crotchety, kroch'et-i, a. full of whims or 

conceits. [the ground. | 

crouch, krouch, v.i. to bend or cower dose to, | 

croup, krdbp, n. a disease in the throat, 
croup, krdbp, n. the buttocks of a horse, 
crow, krO, n. a large black bird ; the cry of 
a cock.— c.i. to cry as a cock ; to boast 

triumphantly.— p./. c 
orowhar, krO'bar, n. ii 

iron bar used as a lever. 

kroud. n. a throng ; multitude.- 1?.<. 

to gather into a throng ; fill by pressing 
in ; encumber by numbers^ 
—v.i. to throng together. 

crown, kroun, n. a royal dia- 
dem or circlet ; royalty ; 
the sovereign ; honor ; top 
or chief of anything • top 
of the head ; a five-shilling 
piece.— v.<. to invest with 
a crown or with royalty ; 
adorn ; complete. 

crown-glMS, kronn'glgs, n. kind of window- 
glass, v 

cnicud, krfi'sh^l. a. like a cross : testing. 

cmdUc. krfl'si-bl, n. earthen pot for melting; 
metals, etc. 

cniciflz, krfi'si-flks, n. image of (Christ fixed 
upon a cross. 

cmemxion, krft-si-fik'shun, n. act of crucify- 
ing ; death on the cross. [cross. 

cnicuorm, krfi'si-form. a. in the form of a 

cradfy, krfi'si-fl, v.t. to put to death by nail- 
ing or fastening to a cross. 

crude, krfid, a. raw ; unripe ; unfinished.— 
adv. cmdely.— n. cmdeness. 

cniditT, krfld'i-ti, n. state of being crude ; 
that which is crude. 

cruel, krfi'el,a. disposed to inflict pain ; void 
of pity ; severe. — adv. cruelly.— /i. cruelty. 

cruet, krfl'et, n. bottle for sauces and con- 

cruise, krfiz, v.i. to sail to and fro.— w. a sail- 
ing voyage. 

cruiser, krfiz'^r, n. a cruising vessel. 

crumb, krum, n. a small fragment of bread ; 
soft part of bread. 

crumble, krum'bl, v.t. to break into crumbs 
or morsels.— tJ.i. to fall into small pieces ; 
decav.— «. emmbly. [muffin. 

emmpet, krump'et, n. kind of soft cake or; 

emmple, krump'l. v.t. to wrinkle or throw into 
foms. — v.i. to become wrinkled or folded. 

crunch, krunch, v.t. to grind and crush. 

crupper, krup'^r, n. strap which holds back 
a saadle ; buttocks of a horse. 

crusade, krii-sftd', n. expedition to recover 
the Holy Land ; religious or fanatical ex- 

cruse, krfiz, krfls, n. earthen jar or bottle. 

crush, knish, v.t. to break by pressure ; 
squeeze together ; overwhelm.— «. a vio- 
lent collision ; great pressure. 

See, air, add, firm, gsk, all, visage ; 

sevCre, ebb, her, mSk^r ; Ice, inn ; Od^r, ox, 6ff, 
Digitized by VjOOQ IC 




erast, kmst, n. hard rind or outside coating 

of anything ; hard outer part of bread.— 

v.t. to cover with a crust. — v.i. to form a 

erutMea, krus-ta^sh^, animals with 

jointed shells, like crabs and lobsters.— a. 

enutaeeoiu.— a. and n. erustaeeui. 
enutj, krus'ti, a. like, or having, a crust ; 

snappish ; surly.— «rft\ crustily.— ». erasti- 

emteh, kmch, n. staff with a cross-piece to go 

under the arm ; any support like a crutcn. 
ery, krT, v.i. to call aloud ; bawl ; weep.— 

r.t. to utter loudlv ; proclaim.— w. a loud 

sound ; shrill call. 
erypt, kript, n. underground cell or chapel. 
eryptogmn, kript'9-gram, n. a writing in 

secret characters ; cipher-writing. 
eryjtognphy, krip-tog'r^-fi, «. art of writing 

m cipher.— a. cryptographic, 
eryital, kris't^l, n. matter which has natu- 
rally assumed a geometrical form ; pure 

quartz; fine glass. 
cryitaL kris't^t, orystalline, kris't^l-in, -In, 

a. OT, or like, crj'stal. 
eryitaDise, erystallue, kris't^l-Iz, v.i. and v.t. 

to take, or cause to take, the form of a 

crystal.— n. crystalliia'tion, -sa'tion. 
erytUIlognphy, kris-t^l-og'r^-li, 7?. study or 

description of crystals. 
enk knb. w. the young of certain aninialt?, r.s 

tne fox, bear, etc.; a whelp. 
eabe, kflb, n. rectangular solid 

with six equal sides ; the third 

power of a number.— i;.^. to 

raise to the third power. 
eaUe, ktlbMk, cabieal, kllb'i-kal, 

a. having the form of, or con- 
tained in, a cube. Cube. 
rakit, ktlb'it, w. the fore-arm ; 

measure equalling the length from elbow 

to wrist. [cry. I 

nekeo, kuk 'db, n. a bird, so called from its| 
eneuiiDer, ktl'kum-b^r, n. a vine allied to the 

melon kind, with oblong fruit, 
cid. kud, n. that which is chewed ; food 

chewed for the second time by ruminating 

nddle, kudi, v.i. to crouch or lie close and 

snug. — v.t. to hold close ; fondle, 
nldy. kud'i, n. small room in a ship. 
eidgel, knj'el, n. a heavy stick ; club.— ».^. 

to beat with a cudgel. 
ew, ktl, n. a hint ; signal ; rod used in play- 
ing billiards, 
enl^ kuf. n. a blow with the hand ; lower 

part of a sleeve. — v.t. to strike with the 

etinn, kwC-ras', kwS'r^s, n. a breastplate. 

cuirassier, kwC-ras-fir', n. soldier armed with 
a cuirass. [kitchen or cookery. 

ealinary, k(l'li-ng.-ri, a. pertaining to the 

coll, kul, v.t. to gather ; select. 

calminate, kul'mi-nat, v.i. to reach the high- 
est point. — 7^ cnlmina'tioii. 

culpable, kul'p^-bl, a. deserving blame; 
faulty.— arft;. culpably.— n. cnlpabillty. 

culprit, kul'prit, n. an accused person ; a 

cnltiyate, kul'ti-vat, v.t. to till ; produce by 
tillage ; devote attention to ; foster. 

ooltivatioii, kul-ti-vft'shun, n. act of cultivat- 
ing ; civilization ; refinement. 

cultivator, kul'ti-va-tpr, n. one who culti- 
vates ; an aCTicultural implement. 

culture, kult'yur, n. cultivation; advance- 
ment or refinement by cultivation. 

coitus, kult'us, n. system of worship. 

culvert, kul 'vert, n. an arched drain. 

cumber, kum'b^r, v.t. to clog ; burden. 

cumbersome, kum'b^r-sum, cumbrous, kum'- 
brus, a. burdensome ; troublesome. — adv. 
cumbrously. —n . cumbrousness. [seeds . { 

cumin, kum'in, v. a plant with aromaticj 

cumulate, kflm'yu-iat, v.t. to heap together. 
—n. cumula'tion. [additions. 

cumulative, ktlm'yu-l^-tiv, a. increasing by| 

cuneate, kfl'ne-^t, cuneiform, kfl'ng-i-form, a. 
wedge-shaped. [— «. art; skill; craft. I 

cunning, kun'ing, a. skilful ; artful ; crafty. | 

cup, kup, V. a small drinking- vessel ; any- 
thing shaped like a cup.— t?.^ to bleed by 
exhausted receivers placed over cuts in 
the skin. 

cupboard, kub'^rd, n. a small closet. 

cupel, kfl'pel, n. a small cup for refining 

cupidity, kfl-pid'i-ti, n. inordin- 
ate desire ; avarice. 

cupolS;. kfl'p9-lft, n. an arched 
vault ; a dome. 

cur, kur, n. a worthless dog ; 
a churl.— a. currish. 

curable, kflr'^bl, a. that may^ 
be cured. 

curacy, ktl'r^si, n. ofiice of a 

curate, kflr'^t, n. a clergyman who performs 
duties for a rector or vicar. 

curative, kflr'^-tiv, a. tending to cure. 

curator, kfl-rft'tpr, n. a guardian ; superin- 

curb, kurb, v.t. to subdue ; restrain ; con- 
trol by a curb.— n. bit and chain of 
bridle ; anything that restrains ; wall 
round a well. 

curd, kurd, n. coagulated milk. [congeal.] 

curdle, kurd'l, v.t. and v.i. to coagulate :| 


<ft)ze ; Use, rflle, pull, up ; oil, out ; 

thin, th^ ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zhiure. 
Digitized by VjOOQ IC 




cure, kflr, n. act of healing ; remedy ; 
charge.— r./. to heal ; to preserve by Bait- 
ing or drying. 

onrfew, kur'ftl, w. an evening bell anciently 
rung as a signal for putting out tires and 
lights ; an evening bell. 

enriofity, ktl-ri-os'i-ti, n. inquisitiveness ; 
anything rare or unusual. 

enrioiu, kfl'ri-us, a. inquisitive; showing 
care or skill ; singular ; rare. — adv. euri- 
onsly.— n. enriootneff. 

oupI. kurl, n. a ringlet of hair, or anything 
like it.— t;.^ and v.i. to wind into curls ; to 
coil ; bend over.— a. curly.— w. rarliness. 

rarlew. kur'ltl, n. a wading-bird. 

enrmaageon, kur-mnj'nn, n. a miser ; churl. 

onrraat, kur'ant, n. a small kind of grape ; 
the fruit of a garden shrub. 

enrrenoy, kur'en-si, n. circulation ; money 
of a country ; general acceptation. 

enrrent, kur'ent, a. circulating ; generally 
received ; passing.- w. a stream ; general 
course.— adv. enrrently. 

onrriole, kur'i-kl, n. a two- wheeled chaise 
for two horses. 

onrrieiiliuii, kur-rik'yu-lum, n. a course, esp. 
course of study at a university. 

enrrier, kur'i-^r, n. a leather-dresser. 

curry, kur'i, n. a spicy E. Indian condiment; 
dish dressed with curry. 

cuTpy, kur'l, v.t. to dress leather ; comb and 
iiib a horse. 

eurse, kurs, v.t. to invoke evil upon ; to vex 
or torment.— r.i. to utter imprecations.— 
n. invocation of evil upon ; evil invoked : 
affliction ; ruin. [a curse ; hateful. 

cursed, kurs'ed, a. under a curse ; deserving! 

eursiye, kurs'iv, a. running ; flowing. 

cursory, kur'sp-ri, a. hasty ; slight. 

curt, kurt, a. short ; concise ; ahmpt—adv. 
curtly.— n. curtness. [abridge. 

curtail, kur-tftl', v.t. to cut off a part ;J 

curtain, kur'tin, n. hanging cloth for a bed 
or window ; part oi a rampart between 
two bastions.— »./. to furnish with cur- 

curtsey, curtsy, kurt'si, n. gesture of saluta- 
tion made by women.— v.i. to make a 

curvature, knrv'^t-vur, n. a curving or bend- 
ing ; deflection from a straight Ime. 

curve, kurv, a. bent round.— /<. anything 
bent ; a bent line.— t?.^ and v.i. to form 
into, or assume, a curve. 

curvet, kur-vet', n. short leap of a horse.- 
v.i. to leap ; prance. 

curvilinear, Knr-vi-lin'fi-9,r, a. pertaining to, 
or bounded by, curves. 

curvity, kurv'i-ti, n. curvature. 

cushion, k^h'un, n. bag or case filled with 
soft materials for resting on ; elastic rim of 
a billiard-table.— i?.^. to furnish with a 

cusp, kusp, n. point ; horn of a crescent ; 
angle formed by intersecting curves. 

cuspidate, kusp'i-dftt, euspidated, Kusp'i-dat-ed. 
a. ending in a cusp or point. [toon. 

cuspidor, kusp'i-dor, n. an ornamental spit-j 

custard, kus't^, n. dish composed of milk, 
egra, sugar, etc. 

custodian, kus-tod'i-an, n. one who has care 
of anything, esp. of a public building. 

custody, kus'Sp-di, n. a watching ; guarding; 
care ; imprisonment. 

custom, kus'tpm, n. usage; habit; repeti- 
tion ; regular trade or dealing.— 73/. duties 
on imports and exports. - 

kus'tom-^r, n. an accustomed 

buyer ; a purchaser, [duties are collected.! 

stom-house, kus'tpm-hous, n. place where| 
cut, kut, v.t. to make incision in ; cleave ; 

hew ; wound or pain.— ^./. and p.p. cut— 

n. an incision ; blow ; piece cut on ; small 

engraving ; near passage. [skin. I 

cutaneous, kyu-ta'ng-us, a. belonging to the| 
cutide, ktl^ti-kl, n. outer skin ; scarf-skin.— 

a. cutie'ular. 
ontlass, kut^^, ;;. a short broad sword, 
cutler, kut'l^r, one who makes or sells 

knives, etc. 
cutlery, kut'l^r-i, n. articles sold by cutlers, 
cutlet, kut'let, n. small slice of meat for 

ontter, kut'^r, n. one who, or that which, 

cuts ; a swift single-masted vessel, 
out-throat, kut'thrOt, n. an assassin ; ruffian, 
onttle-bone, kut'1-bOu, n. the interior shell of 

the sepia or cuttle-fish.' 
cuttle-flsn, kut'1-fish, n. the 

ink-fish, a molluscous 

animal with ten arms. 
oni-water, kufwA-t^r, n. [ 

front or a ship's stem or ] 

out-worm, kntVurm. n. a 

destructive caterpillar, 
cycle, sl'kl, n. recurring 

period of time j circle or 

orbit.— a. CTC'lie. 
cyder, sT'kl^r, cyclist, 

sT'klist, n. one who rides 

a bicycle. 
cycloid, sT'cloid, n. curved 

figure described by a 

point on a circle which rolls on a straight 

line.— a. cydoid'aL 
cyclometer, sl-klom'et-^r, n. instrument for 

recording the revolutions of a wheel. 


ace, air, add, firm, ftsk, all, visage ; sgvCre, ebb, her, mSk^r ; Ice, inn ; Od^r, ox, 6ff, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 





tjddne, sI'klOn, n. a circular storm or hurri- 

eydttMBduk, eyelopedia, si-lclo-pea'i-a, n. body 
of knowleuge ; work embracing the entire 
mass of information in any department of 
knowledge.— a. eyolopadio. 

ejdopean, sl-klO'pje-^n, a. of, or like, the 
Cyclopes : massive and rude ; vast. 

Cyuiipt, si'klops, ;;. a fabulous one-eyed 
giant.— »/. Oydopei. 

eyilopfl, si'klops, n. a minute crustacean. 

aygnet, 8iiB:'net, n. a young swan. 

ejBndNT. sil'in-d^r, n. solid or hollow 
circnlar body, with parallel sides 
and circular ends. — a, eylind'riMl. 

eymteL sim'b^, n, musical instru- 
ment consisting of two brass 
dishes which are clashed together. 

eymlinff. simOing, n. a plant of the 
goura kind or its fruit ; squash. 

eyue, ein'ik, cjniad. sin'ik-^, a. (^. 

. misanthropic ; despising men, or jer. 
the courtesies and decencies of so- 
ciety.— arft;. eynieally.— n. eynieism. 

eyiie, sin'ik, n. a cynical person ; one of an 
ancient philosophical sect. 

eyBOSim, sin'ps-yfir, n. the north-star; a 
centre of attraction. 

fsjftm^ si'pres, n. an evergreen tree whose 
branches were anciently carried at fu- 
nerals, hence an emblem of mourning. 

eyst, sist, n. a sac in animal bodies contain- 
ing morbid matter ; animal bag. 

Gstr, tsftr, z4r, n. the Emperor of Russia.— 
fern. Ottrina, tsft-rS'nft, Tsaritsft. 

D, 4, dS, the fourth letter of the alphabet ; as 
a Roman numeral, D stands for 500. 

dak^ dab, v.t. to strike lightly with the hand 
or with something soft.— n. a light blow 
with the hand or something soft ; lump of 
soft substance. 

, dab'l, v.t. to spatter or splash.— «;.i. to 

play or paddle in a liquid ; to do anything 

in a trifling way.— n. ubUer. 
iabttar, dab'st^r, n. an adept. 
iaea, dSs, n. small river flsh of many kinds. 
iaetyl, dak'til, n. a poetical foot of one long 

and two short syllables.- a. daetyrio. 
iai, dad, daddy, dad'i, n. childish term for 

dadt, dft'do, n. ornamental design covering 

the lower part of a wall. 
dafMil, daf'9-dil, n. early yellow flower of 

thellly kind, 
daft, dart, a. insane ; silly. 

: stab- 

daffi^tr, dag'er, n. short st 
bing sword ; a mark of i 
erence (1"). 

daggle, dag'l, v.t. to wet by I>agger. 
dragging on wet ground. 

daguerreotype, da-ger'o-tip, n. photographic 
picture on a silvered plate. 

daolia, dft'li-ft, n. a garden plant with large 
and showy flowers. 

daily, da'li, a. and adv. every day. 

daily, dft^li, n. a daily newspaper. 

dainty, dftn'ti, a. delicate ; tlelicions.- n. a 
deficacy.— a</». daintily.— n. daintiness. 

dairy, da'ri, 71. a place where milk is kept 
and butter made. [of a room. I 

daiSj dft'is, n. raised floor at the upper end| 

daisied, dft'zid, a. covered with daisies. 

daisy, dS'zi, n. a spring flower of the com- 
posite order. 

dale, dfll, n. low place between hills, [ling. I 

dalluuiee, daPi-^ns, n. trifling ; toying ; foud-| 

dallT, dal'i, v.i. to trifle; waste time in 
trifling ; play. [vestment. I 

dalmatie, dal-mat'ik, n. an ecclesiastical | 

dam, dam, v.t. to restrain water by a bank, 
etc.— n. an obstruction to keep back 
water : a nfiother (of brutes). 

damaf;e, dam'^j, n. injury; loss.- 7^. compen- 
sation for injury. — v.t. to injure. 

damaik, dam'^k, n. stuff woven with fig- 
ures. — v.t. to variegate with a figured 
pattern, as cloth or steel. 

damukeen, dam'^-kSn, v.t. to ornament 
steel with engraving and inlaid gold or 

dame, dfim, n. a matron ; lady. [)x>rdition. I 

damn, dam, v.t. to condemn ; sentence to| 

damnable, dam^n^bl, a. deserving damna- 
tion ; execrable.— arfr. damnably. 

damnation, dam-ufi'shun, n. sentence to per- 

damnatory, dam'n^tp-ri^ , a. containing, or 
justifying, condemnation. 

damp, damp, n. moisture ; moist air.— v./. to 
moisten ; discourage ; lessen. — a. moiBt.— 
adv. damply.— n. dampness. 

dampen, damp'en, v.t. to damp. 

damper, damp'^r, n. anything that damps, 
checks, or deadens. 

damsel, dam'zel, n. a young maiden, [plum. I 

damson, dam'zpn, n. a small dark-purple| 

danee, oftns, v.i. to move with varied steps to 
musical iima.—v.t. to cause to dance or 
jump. ' 

danoe, dans, n. rhythmic stems or movements ; 
a dancing-party ; music lor dancing. 

dandelion, aan'de-lT-pn, n. a common plant 
with a yellow flower. [fondle. I 

" dan'dl, v.t. to toss in play, as a child ;| 

(ftjze ; flse, riile, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, tM ; 

get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 
Digitized byVjOOQlC 




dandriff, dandraff, dan'druf, n. pcaly scurf 

formed on the 8ca]p. [dandyism. I 

dandy, dan'di, n. a fop.— ^. dandyish.— n.| 
danger, dftn'j^r, n. peril ; risk, 
dantwou, afin^jer-a8, a. full of danger; 

unsafe.— a«?t;. oaagwonsly. 
dangls, dang'^1, v.t. and v.i. to hang loosely ; 

to follow about, 
dank, dangk, a. damp ; moist, 
dapper, dap'^r, a. neat ; spruce. 
dapple, dap'l, a. marked with spots.— ?;.^. to 

variegate with spots. fdnrst or dared. I 

dare, dar, v.i. to venture; be bold.— p.^| 
dare, dar, v.t. to challenge ; defy, 
daring, dar'ing, a. bold * venturous, 
dark, d&rk, a. wanting light ; deep-colored ; 

obscure.— n. absence of light ; obscurity. 

—adv. darkly.— n. darfaiesi. [grow dark, 
darken, dftrk'n, v.t. to make dark.— t).i. to| 
darkish, d&rk'ish, a. somewhat dark. 
darkling, dark'ling, adv. in the dark. 
darksome, d&rk's^m, a. dark ; gloomy, 
darling, d&r'ling, a. dearly beloved.— n. one 

loved dearly ; a favorite, 
darn, dim, v.t. to mend a hole by working 

in thread with a needle.— ». a place so 

dameL d&r'nel, n. a kind of grass, 
dart, dftrt, n. a pointed weapon for throwing. 

— v.t. to throw as a dart ; shoot forth.— 

v.i. to start forth ; fly as a dart. 
Darwinism, dftr'win-izm, n. doctrine of the 

development of organisms from lower 

forms.— a. Darwinian, 
dash, dash, v.t, to throw or strike suddenly 

or violently ; to destroy or frustrate.— v.i. 

to rush or strike against.- n. collision ; 

onset ; impetuosity ; the mark (— ) in 

writing or printing. 
dashboard^ dash'bOra, n. vertical screen at 

the front of a vehicle. {adv. dashingly. I 
dashinc, dash'ing, a. rash ; bold ; showy.— | 
dastard, dfts^tard, n. a coward.— a. dastardly, 
data, dftt'ft, da'-, admitted or verified 

facts : premises, 
date, dftt, n. the time of any event.— tJ.^. to 

note the time of .— t7.i. to reckon time, 
date, dat, n. the fruit of the 

dative, d&tMv, n. case of the 

indirect object in nouns, 
daub, d&b, v.t. to smear; 

paint coarsely. — n.daober. 
daughter, d&'tSr, n. a female 

danghter-in-law, dft'ter-in- 

la, «. a son's wife. 
daunt, dftnt, v.t. to intimi- Date-palm and 

date ; discourage. fruit. 

dauntless, dftnt'les, a. not to be daunted ; 

fearless. [son of the king of France, 

dauphin, d&'fin, n. title given to the eldesti 
dauphiness, dft'fin-es, n. wife of a dauphin, 
davits, dav'its, n. 

pi. cranes pro- 
jecting from a 

ship to suspend 

a boat from, 
daw, d&, n. a bird 

of the crow 

dawdle, d&'dl, v.i. 

to trifle away ' 

4.SSV« I>»^"»- 

begin to grow light.— n. daybreak. 

day, dft, n. time from sunrise to sunset ; the 
$4 hours from midnight to midnight ; a 
period. [actions. I 

day-book, dft'btik, n. daily register of trans-l 

daybreak, dft'brftk, n. first appearance of day. 

daylight, dft'llt, n. light of day. 

day-spring, dft'spring, n. dawn. 

dase. aftz, v.t. to bewilder ; stupefy. 

daisle, daz'l,t?.^ to overpower with brilliancy. 

deaeon, dek'n, n. a subordinate grade of the 

deaeonsnip, dek'n-ship, n. office of a deacon, 
dead, ded, a. without life ; dull ; still.— n. 

time of greatest silence.— /j.p/. those who 

are dead.— n. deadness. 
deaden^ ded'n, deprive of strength or 

feeling ; to dull ; lessen. 
dead-hoM, ded'hed, n. one who uses public 

conveyances, or visits public entertain- 
ments, etc., free of charge. 
dead-look, ded'lok, n. complete obstruction ; 

reciprocal hindrance. 
deadl]^ dcd'li, a. fatal ; implacable, 
deaf; def ^ a. dull or incapable of hearing ; 

unwilling to hear or comply.— arfr. deilqr. 

deaf-mute, def'mflt', n. one deaf and dumb. 

deal, del, n. a part ; quantity ; distribution. 

deal, del, n. fir or pine board. 

deal, del, v.t. to distribute.— ©.i. to trafllc— 
p.t. and p.p. dealt 

dealer, dei'^r, n. one who deals ; trader. 

dealing, dering^ n. manner of acting ; busi- 
ness transactions. 

dean, den, n. an ecclesiastical dignitary; 
president of a collegiate faculty. 

deanery, den'^-ri, n. office or house of a dean. 

dear, der, a. costly ; scarce ; precious ; be- 
loved. — n. a beloved person. 

dearly, der'li^ adv. at a high price ; with 
great affection. [ing beloved. I 

deamess, der'nes, n. costliness ; state of be-| 

ace, air, add, arm, ask, fill, visijige ; 8gv6rc, ebb, hfer, mak^r ; Jce, inn • 0d9r, ox, Off, 


by Google 




terth, derth, n. scarcity. 

teth. deth, n. extinction of life. 

tekhless, deth'les, a. undying. 

i«i4h-r»te, deth'rftt, n. ratio of deaths to 
population. [dering an execution. I 

teth-wuntnt deth'wor-^t, n. warrant or-| 

iwth-wateh, deth'woch, n. guard placed over 
one condemned to die. 

4abftr. de-bftr', vd. to exclude ; hinder. 

dtbftzk, de-bark', v.U and v.i. to land from a 
vessel. [ing from a vessel. I 

ifltedutioii, d6-bftrk-&'shun, n. act of land-| 

iahwe, dg-bSs', v.t. to degrade ; lower in 
value ; adulterate. 

debaMment, dg-bSs'm^nt, n. degradation. 

ieWtable, dg-bfifa-bl, n. that may be de- 
bated : disputed. 

iil>to, de-bftt% n. contention in words ; dis- 
cussion.— ».<. and ».i. to discuss.— n. de- 

dibtneh, de-b&ch', v.t. to lead from virtue or 
duty ; corrupt. — n. a fit of drunkenness or 
lewdness. [tine. I 

detaaehee, deb-p-shS', n. a drunkard ; liber- 1 

debMwhery, d^-bfich'^ri, n. indulgence in 
drunkenness or lewdness. 

dcbentnn, dg-benfyur, n. certificate of a 
drawback, or partial repayment. 

debmute, de-birf-tftt, v.t. to weaken. 

dahUttr, d^-bil'i-ti, n. weakness. 

daUty deb'it, n. entry on the debtor side of 
an account.— -».^. to charge with debt; 
enter on the debtor side. 

datonair, deb-9-n§r', a. of pleasing manners : 
courteoos. [narrow pass. 

iebraelL d^-bdbsh^ v.i. to issue from a| 

dArifl, dfl-brS', n. fragments ; ruins. 

ItbtTdet, n. anything owed or due. 

dibtor, det'or, n. one who owes. 

ddboi, dS-bn' (or French u\ n. beginning * 
first public appearance. [of ten years. 
" I, dek'^, n. an aggregate of ten • period | 
ds-kft'dens, n. state of decay or 
[angles and ten sides. I 
ek'a-gon, n. a plane figure of ten| 


dioaffOB, d 


dek'^Iog, n. the ten command- 

dMamp, dfi-kamp% vX. to leave an encamp- 
ment ; go away.— ». deeimpownt [a vessel. I 

dtoant^ dfi-kant', v.t. to draw off liquid from| 

dteaattt, dg-kant'^r, n. an ornamental bottle 
for liquors. [deeapita'tion. I 

dteapttafa, dfi-kap'i-tftt, v.t. to behead.— n.| 

^M^^Jf de-kft% v.i. to waste away ; become 
decomposed.-^ra. decline ; waste ; decom- 

daeeaii, dg-sSs', v.i. to die.— n. death. 

dae a i t , dg-set', n. anything that deceives ; 

deeaitftd, dg-set^fnl, a. disposed or tending to 
deceive.— at^i;. deeaifdly.— t?. deoeitfUnasB. 

deedva, dg-sfiv', v.t. to mislead ; impose on ; 
cheat. [of the year. I 

Deoamber, dfi-sem'b^r, n. the twelfth month] 

daaanay, de'sen-si, n. proprietv ; modesty. 

daoenmal, dg-sen'i-al, a. lastmg ten years ; 
happening every ten years. 

daoant, dfi'sent, a. seenuy ; proper ; modest. 
—adv. daaantly. 

daoantralisa, -isa. dg-sent'ral-Iz, vt. to distrib- 
ute powers tnat have been concentred.— 
n. dMantraUia'tion. [fraud ; illusion.! 

daaaptian, dg-sep'shun, n. act of deceiving ;| 

daaaptiva, dg-sep'tiv, a. tending to deceive ; 

daoida, dg-sld', v.t. to determine ; settle. 

daeidad, de-sld'ed, a. determined ; clear.- 
adv. daaidadly. 

daeidaooi, dg-sid'yft-us, a. falling off in 
autumn, as leaves; shedding leaves in 
the autumn. 

daeigram, des'i-gram, n. the tenth of a gram ; 
1.5482 grain. 

dadlitar, aes'i-lS-ter, n. the tenth of a liter ; 
6.1027 cubic incnes. 

daaimal, des'i-m^l, a. proceeding by tens or 
powers of ten.— n. a fraction whose de- 
nominator is ten or some power of ten. 

daeimata, des'i-mSt, v.t. to take or put to 
death one in every ten.— n. daaima'tian. 

daaimatar, dgs'i-me-t^r, n. the tenth of a 
meter ; 8.937 inches. 

daaiphar, dg-sl'f^r, v.t. to read secret writing ; 
make out anything obscure or illegible. 

daaision, dg-sizh'nn, n. determination ; settle- 
ment ; firmness. 

daeiaiva. dg-sl'siv, a. final ; conclusive ; 
positive.— a£^27. daaiaivaly.— n. dadsivanaii. 

daak, dek, v.i. to clothe ; adorn. — n. floor of 
a ship. 

* dekt, a. having a deck. 
J dg-kl&m', v.t. and v.i. to speak ora- 

daolamatian, dek-l^mft'shun, n. anything de- 
claimed ; a harangue. 

daalamatory, dg-klam'a-tp-ri, a. rhetorical. 

daalaration, dek-l^-r&'shun, n. open afllrma- 

daalaratdva, dg-klar'^-tiv, daalaratory, dg- 
klar'^-t^-ri, a. making declaration. 

daalara, dg-klar', v.t. to make known ; affirm 

daalansian, dg-klen'shun, n. act of declining ; 
descent; decay; in gram, inflection by 

daalinatian, dek-li-nS'shun, n. act of declin- 
ing ; descent ; in astr. distance from the 
celestial equator. 

dbze ; (Ise, rflle, pull, np ; oil, out ; thin, tM ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; cl^ip, az(^)ure. 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 




I, dfi-klln', v.t. and v.i. to bend from, or 
down ; to fail or decay ; refuse ; in gram. 
to inflect by cases.— n. deviation ; sinking; 
decay. [ward ; slope.— o. deolivitoM. 

dadinty, dg-kliv'i-ti, n. inclination down-| 

daooet, dg-kokt', v.t. to boil. 

dMoetMn, ds-kok'shun, n. boiling; extract 
made by boilinjj. TooUa'tf 

deeollate, de-koP&t, v.t. to behead.— n. 

dMolortttien, dg-kul-pr-a'shun, n. removal oi 
color. [color from. I 

deeolorife, -iie, dg-kul'^r-Iz, v.t. to remove! 

deeompoM, de-kpm-pOz', v.t. and v,i. to resolve 
or separate into elements. 

dteompMitioiL d6 kom-pp-zish'un, n. resolu- 
tion into elements ; decay. 

deeomponnd, d6-k9m-pound',t;.^. to compound 
i^aln ; to decompose. 

daMnte, dek'9-rat, v.t. to ornament ; embel- 
lish.— n. dee'orator. 

dMonlion, dek-p-rft'shun, n. ornament ; em- 
bellishment, [to adorn. I 

dMWttkiTe, dek'9-r^tiv. a. adorning * suited! 

deoorou dg-ko^rus, a. becoming ; suitable.— 
adv. dMorouly. 

deeortioftte, dg-kOr'ti-kftt, v.t. to deprive of 
bark or husk. — n. deeortiea'tion. 

dMorom, dg-ko^rum, n. propriety of conduct ; 

deeoy, dg-koi', v.t. to entice ; allure into a 
snare.— n. anything used to entice or en- 
snare, [grow less.— «. (de'-) a lessening. I 

dMretM, de-kres', v.t. to make less.- i;.i. to| 

deeree, dft-krS', n. an order ; edict.— 1>.<. or 
v.i. to decide ; ordain. 

dMroMnt, dek'rg-ment, n. decrease. 

dterepit, d^-krep'it, a. infirm ; worn out by 
age.— n. deerepitade. 

dterepitate, dg-krep'i-tat, v.i. to crackle when 
heated.— n. deerepita'tion. 

dMretol, de-krS't^, a. pertaining to a decree. 
— n. a decree of the Pope. 

dtorial dg-krl'^l, n. a crymg down ; spoken 
condemnation. [— n. deorier.| 

dtery, dfi-krl', v.t. to cry down; condemn.! 

deeambent, dfi-kum'bent, a. lying down. —n. 
deoomlMiiee. fcreasc tenfold.! 

deonple, dek'vu-pU a. tenfold.— w,^. to in-| 

dMuaate, dg-kus'ftt, v.i. to cross, as lines. — 
n. deeiUM'tum. 

dedicate, ded'i-kftt, v.t. to consecrate ; devote. 

dedication, ded-i-kft'shun, n. act of dedicat- 
ing • address to a patron or friend pre- 
flxca to a book.— a. ded'icatory. 

dednee, d^-dfls', v.t. to infer ; infer a special 
from a general truth. 

dedneilkUL de-dlls'i-bl, a. that may be deduced. 

dednet dfi-dukt', v.t. to take away. [ment. 

dednenon, de-duk'shun, n. inference; abate- 1 

didiietiTe, dg-duk'tiv, a. that is or may be de- 
duced ; proceeding by deduction. 

deed, ded, n. an act ; legal instrument con- 
veying property. 

deem, d€m, v.t. and v.i. to judge ; suppose. 

decjp, d6p, a. extending far down ; low ; art- 
ful ; secret ; profound.— n. the sea ; an 
abyss.— adt;. deeply. 

deepen, dCp'en, v.t. to make deeper. 

deer, dfir, n. a quadruped of various 
species, as the red-deer, elk, etc. 

deface, d^-fSs', v.t. to disfigure ; 
obliterate.— n. 

kftt, v.i. to show 
a deficiency, of 
funds intrusted 
to one's care. 

dedication, def-^1- 
kft'shun, n. defi- 
ciency, esp. of Deer, 
funds intrusted to one's care. 

defiunatioiL def-^un-ft'shun, n. injurious re- 
port ; slander. [hurtful to reputation. I 

defiunatory, dg-fam^-tp-ri, a. calumnious ;! 

deCune, dg-fftm^ v.t. to hurt the reputation 
of any one ; to slander. 

defknlt, dg-fftlt^ n. fault ; failure ; n^lect ; 
non-appearance in court.— t?.i. to fail in 
duty ; faU to appear. 

defknlter, dfi-f&lt'^r, n. one guilty of default 
esp. who fails to account for funds in- 
trusted to his care. 

defeaiance, de-f6z'ans, n. act of annulling. 

defeaiiUe, dg-f 6z'i-bl, a. that may be annulled. 

defisat, dfi-fst', v.t. to frustrate ; overthrow. 
— n. frustration ; overthrow. 

defecate, def 'g-kftt, v.t. to clear from dregs or 
defilement.— n. defeea'tion. [fault. I 

defect, dfi-fekt', n. deficiency ; blemish ;! 

defection, dg-fek'shun, n. a falling away ; de- 

defective, dg-fek'tiv, a. having defect; in- 
complete ; insuflBcient.— acfti. ddTMUrely. 

defend, d^-fend', v.t. to guard ; protect ; 
maintam against attack : resist in law. 

deliindant, de-fend'^nt, n. one who defends ; 
a person accused or sued in law. 

defender, de-fend'^r, n. one who defends. 

defense. dennce,'de-fen8\ n.. protection. 

defenfeleti, defenouese, dg-fensn^s, a. without 

denuive, de-fens'iv, a. serving to defend.— 
n. attitude of defence. 

defer, de-f6r, v.t. to put off ; delay. — v.i. to 
submit to another's wishes or opinions. 

definenee, def '^r-ens, n. act of deferring ; re- 
spectful submission.— a. deflnnni'tiaL 

ace, §ir, add, ftrm, ask, &11, visage ; sgvCre, ebb, her, mflk^r ; Ice, inn ; Od^r, ox, Off. 

d by Google 

Digitized b 




de-fl'ang, n. act of defyine ; chal- 
lenge ; bold opposition. [aaciouB. I 
at, dg-fl'^t, a. defying; bold; au-| 
MIM7, de-fish'en-ai, n. defect ; want ; 
lack.— a. nfleioii 
[Atakj def 'i-sit, n. deficiency ; want ; that 
which is deficient. 
_, de-fll', v.i. to march off in file or line, 
-f*. a narrow pass between hills. 
, dg-fll', v.t. to soil ; pollute. 
BMst, dg-fll'm^nt, n. act of defiling; 

iiflaahla. de-fln'^bl, a. that mav be defined. 

ieflne, ae-fTn\ v.t. to determine; fix the 
meaning of. [outlined. I 

Mbiad, dfi-fTnd^ a. bounded; explained :| 

itlnite, def'in-it, a. having distinct limits ; 
fixed ; exact.— adv. deflnnely. 

ieflaitimL, def-i-nish'un. n. explanation by 
qaalities ; meaning of a word or phrase. 

itinitiTe, d^-fin^i-tiy, a. determinate ; final.— 
adv. daflnitiyely. 

iaflacrate, def'l^grSt, v.i. to bum with sud- 
den Tiolence.— ^. ddUfff tioA. 

deflect, dfi-flelct^ v.t and v.i. to turn aside, or 
from a straight line. — n. deflaetion. 

deform, de-fOrm', v.t. to disfigure ; mar. 

defonned,a§-fOrmd',a. disfigured ; misshapen. 

defermi^, dg-fOrm'i-ti, n. disfigurement': 
ugliness. [due ; cheat. 

iifrMd, de-frftd', v.t. to withhold what is| 

defrfty, d§-frft', v.t. to bear, as expenses ; pay. 

deft, deft, a. dexterous. [son. I 

defluiei, de-fungkt', a. dead.— n. a dead per- 1 

deiy, de-fl, v.t. to challenge ; brave ; set at 
nongn t. [degenerate. I 

degoieney, dfi-jen'^r-^-si, n. state of being| 

degencnte. de-jen'^r-at, v.i. to sink to a lower 
state ; decline in worth.— n. degenen'tion. 

de^mentflL d^-jen'^r-^t, a. having declined 
in worth : weak ; bade. [i^S*! 

de^ntitten, deg-lfi-tish'nn, n. act of swaIlow-| 

degndatiMi, deg-ra-dfl'shnn. n. act of degrad- 
ing ; state orbeing degraded; debasement. 
— geol. a wearing away. 

decnde, d6-grfid^ v.t. to deprive of, or lower 
in, office or rank ; disgrace. 

degndel dg-grSd'ed, n. Towered : debased. 

degree, d^-gre', n. step ; position ; rank ; ex- 
tent ; 36(Jth part of a circle. 

ddiy, d6'i-fl, v.t. to make a god of ; worship 
as a ^od.— n. deillet'tion. 

deign, aftn. v.i. to condescend. 

Doem, deazm, n. the creed of a deist. 

Deiit, dfiMst, n. one who believes in God, but 
not in revealed religion.— a. deiit'ie, ddet'- 
ieaL [being.l 

Deity, dfi'i-ti, n. godhead ; God ; a divine| 

' ' ', de-jekt', v.t. to cast down ; dispirit. 

dqeetion, dg-jek^shun, n. depression ; low- 
ness of spirits. 

dekagram, dek'^gram, n. the weight of ten 
grams ; .3527 oz. av. [liters ; 2.6417 gals. I 

dekaliter, dek'^-le-t^r, n. measure of ten| 

dekameter, dek'^-mS-t^r, n. measure of ten 
meters ; 393.7 inches. 

delay, dg-la', v.t. to put off ; defer • retard. — 
v.i. to linger. — n. lingering ; detention : 
stay. [ful.— (K/t). deleetably. 

deleetaUe, de-Iek't^-bl, a. pleasing ; delight- 1 

deleetation, de-lek-tft'shun, n. pleasure; de- 
light, [ative.l 

delegate, del'g-g^t, n. a deputy ; represent-! 

delegate, del'6-gfit, v.t. to send as represent- 
ative ; intrust ; commit. 

delegation, del-g-gft'shun, n. act of delegat- 
ing ; persons delegated. [—n. deletun.! 

delete, d6-let^ v.t. to erase ; expunge ; cancel. | 

deleterione, del-e-tS'ri-us, a. poisonous ; per- 

dell delf , n. glazed earthenware. 

deliiwrate, d§-lib^^r-at, v.t. to weigh in the 
mind ; consider. — v.i. to consider ; reflect. 

deliberate, de-lib'^r-^t, a. well-considered; 
careful; Blow.— adv. deliberately.— n. de- 

deliberation, dg-lib-^r-ft'shun, n. careful con- 
sideration ; calmness ; slowness. 

deliberative, dfi-lib'^r-^-tiv, a. pertaining to, 
or proceeding by, deliberation. 

delieaoy, del'i-k^sl, n. quality of being deli- 
cate ; anvthing delicate or dainty. 

delicate, deri-k^t, a. pleasing to the senses ; 
dainty ; refined ; finely wrought ; frail ; 
re(iuiring nice handling.— oe/t?. delicately. 

ddidone, ae-lish'us, a. affording exquisite 
pleasure.— a^fv. delieionsly.— ». delicionsaess. 

deught, dfi-llt', v.t. to please greatly.— v.t. to 
have great pleasure.— n. great joy or 

deughtfU, de-llt^ful, a. full of, or affording 
delight.— acTv. delichtfWy.— n. deUghtfol- 
nees. [boundaries of.— n. ddimita'tion.! 

delimit, de-nm'it, v.t. to work or fix the] 

delincaW, de-lin'e-at, v.t. to sketch ; portray. 

delineation, ds-Iin-^-a'shun, n. a sketch ; repre- 
sentation, [ates.l 

delineator, dg-Iin^e-S-tpr, n. one who deline-| 

delinquency, dg-Img^kwens-i, n. failure in 
duty ; fault. [— «. one who fails in duty. I 

ddinqnent, de-Iing'kwent, a. failing in duty.j 

deliqaescc, del-i-kwes', v.i. to melt by absorb- 
ing moisture from the air.—a. deuqnciccnt 
— n. deUqneecencc. 

delirione, dg-lir'i-us, a. wandering in mind ; 
xnB&ne.— adv. delirionsly— n. delirionsneie. 

delirium, de-lir'i-um, n. state of being de- 
lirious ; frenzy. 

tlse, rfile, pull, up; oil, out; thin, thG\ get, jet; kin, sin; chip, az(zh)ure. 

Digitized by V3OOQ iC 




deliver, dg-Iiv'^r, v.t. to set free ; rescue ; 
give up ; give ; utter. 

defiyeranee, o^-liv'^r-ang/n. act of delivering ; 
. state of being delivered ; rescue ; declara- 
tion, [manner of speaking in public. I 

delivery, de-liv'er-i, n. act of delivering;! 

dell, del, n. a little valley between hills. 

delta, dePtft, n. fourth letter of the Greek 
alphabet (A) : triangle of land between 
the months of a river. [the shoulder. I 

deltoid, dePtoid, n. the triangular muscle of | 

delude, de-ltId^ v.t. to cheat ; mislead. 

deluge, del'ytlj, n. a flood ; inundation.— ».^ 
to inundate ; overflow. [error. 

delusion, dg-lll'zhun, n. cheat ; deception ;| 

delusive, dgJfls'iv, a. tending to delude ; de- 
ceptive.— adv. delusively.— n. delusiveness. 

delve, delv, v.t. to dig. [leader.! 

demacogne, dem'^-gOg, n. a factious political! 

demauL de-mftn', n. a manor-house and land. 

demand, dg-mand', v.t. to call for ; ask ; 
claim authoritatively.— n. a calling-for; 
claim ; question. 

demarkation, dS-mftrk-fi'shun, n. act of assign- 
ing limits ; division ; boundary. 

demean, dg-mfin', v.r. to behave ; conduct. 

demeanor, d6-men'9r, n. behavior ; deport- 
ment, [insane. I 

demented, dg-mentVd, a. out of one^s mind ;! 

dementia, dg-men'sh^, n. insanity. 

demerit, ae-mer'it, n. ill desert ; defect ; fault. 

demesne, ae-m6n', dg-mftn', n. a manor-house 
and land. 

demi-god, dem'i-god, «. a being partly divine, 
partly human. [wicker covering. 

demijohn, dem'i-jon, n. a large bottle witn| 

demise, dfi-mlz', n. death.— i;./. to bequeath 
by will. 

demoeraey. dem-ok'r^-si, n. government in 
which the supreme power resides in the 
people.— a. demoerat'io. 

demoerat, dem'9-krat, n. one who adheres to 
democracy; member of the Democratic 
party. [destroy; ruin. I 

demoliuL, de-mol'ish, v.t. to pull down ;! 

demolition, dem-o-lish'un, n. act of demolish- 
ing; destruction. 

demon, de'mpn, n. an evil spirit. 

demonetise, -ise, de-mon'et-lz, v.t. to desist 
from using in coinage. 

demoniao, dg-mOn'i-ak, demoniaeal, de-m<;>-nl'- 
^k-^, a. belonging to, like, or controlled 
by, demons. [demon. I 

demoniae, dg-mOn'i-ak, n. one possessed by a| 

demonology, dfi-mpn-ol'p-ji, n. a treatise on 

demonstntUe, dg-mon'str^-bl, a. that can be 
certainly proved. --adt). demonstrably.— n. 

demonstrate, dg-mon'strat, v.t. and v.i. to 
prove with certainty ; show plainly. 

demonstration, dem-on-str3'shun, n. certain 
proof ; exhibition of feeling or intention : 

demonstrative, dg-mon'str^tiv, a. making evi- 
dent ; conclusive ; apt to show feeling. 

demoralisation, -is-, dg-mor-^-i-zfi'shun, n. 
lowering or corruption of morals or dte- 
cipline. [in morals or discipline.! 

demoralise, -ise, dg-mor'^l-lz, v.t. to lower! 

demuleent, dg-mul's^nt, a. softening ; sooth- 
ing, [n. hesitation.! 

demur, dg-mur', v.i. to hesitate ; object.—! 

demure, dg-mflr', a. modest ; serious ; aflFect- 
edly grave or modest. [tion of a ship.] 

demurrage, dg-mur'^j, n. payment for deten-| 

demurrer, dg-mur'gr, n. one who demurs; 
objection in law. 

den. den, n. cave ; lair of a wild beast. 

denial, dg-nl'^1, n. refusal ; contradiction. 

denisation, den-i-zfi'shnn, n. act of making a 

denisen, den'i-z^n, n. an inhabitant ; citizen. 

denominate, dg-nom'i-nat, v.t. to name ; call ; 
style. [title ; sect.- a. denominational. 

denomination, dg-nom-i-nft'shun, n. name;! 

denominative, dg-nom'i-n^-tiv, a. giving a 
name or style. 

denominator, dg-nom'i-nft-tpr, n. lower num- 
ber in a vulgar fraction. 

denote, dg-nOt% v.t. to indicate ; signify. 

denouement, d^-ndb'mong^, n. the unravelling 
or issue of a plot or story. [openlyJ 

denounee, dg-nouns', v.t. to accuse ; censurej 

denouncement, dg-nouns'ment, n. act of de- 
nouncing, [ly.— n. densenees.! 

dense, dens, a. close ; compact.— a</f. dense-! 

density, dens'i-ti, n. compactness ; propor- 
tion of weight to bulk. 

dent, dent, n. pmall hollow or depression.— 
v.t. to make a dent in. 

dental, dent'^, a. pertaining to the teeth. 

dentate, den'tftt, a. having teeth, or tooth- 
like projections. [cleanse the teetluj 

dentifHe^ dent'i-fris, n. substance nsed to| 

dentist, dent'ist, n. one who operates on the 
teeth. [work of a dentist! 

dentistry, dent'is-tri, n. the profession orj 

dentition, den-tish^pn, n. cutting and growth 
of teeth ; system of teeth. [denu&^tion.! 

denude, dg-nfid', v.t. to strip; lay bare.- n.j 

denunciation, dg-nun-si-fl'shun, n. act of de- 
nouncing ; charge.— a. denun'eiatery. 

deny, dg-nl', v.t. to gainsay ; declare untrue ; 
reject ; refuse. 

deodorise, -ise, dg-0'dor-lz, v.t. to deprive of 
odor.- n. deodoriaa'tion. 

depart, dg-pftrt', v.i. to go away ; die. 

ace, air, add, arm, ftsk, all, visage ; sgvere, ebb, her, mfik^r ; Ice, inn ; jOdpr, ox, 6flf, 

Digitized by VjOOQ It: 




iitirlinnnt^ d^ ptlrt'ment, n. a part or divi- 
sion ; division of baeinesB or duty. 

daMrtan, dfi-pftrt'ynr, w. act of departing ; 
deviation ; death. 

imnd, dg-pend', v.i. to hang from ; be con- 
ditional on ; relv. 

iqcndaDt, dg-pena'^nt, n. one sutiordiuate 
to, or supported by, another. 

iflpandsnee, dependtnoy, dg-pend'ens, -i, n. 
state of depending ; connection ^ reliance. 

dtpaident, dg-pend'ent, a. depending; rely- 
ing on ; subordinate to. 

kspin, dg-pikt', v.t. to portray ; make a pict- 
ure of ; represent. 

itpOstory, dg-pilVt^-ri, a. taking off the 
hair. — n. application to remove hair. 

inlfte, dg-piet% v.t. to lessen the quantity of 
blooMd in the vessels.— n. depletion. 

deploralile, dg-plOr'^-bl, a. lamentable.— ^/rfw. 
deplonbly. [greatly. I 

deplore, dg-plOr', v.t. to lament ; regret| 

d^oy, dg-ploi', v.t. and v.i. to open out ; 

depooont, dg-pOn'ent, n. one who testifies on 
oath.— a. in gram.., applied to verbs with 
passive form and active signification. 

depopnlsto, dg-pop'yn-lSt, v.t. to deprive of 
inhabitants.- ;». depopnla'tion. 

deport, dg-pOrt', v.t. to carry ofl! or away.— 
v.r. to l)ehave. [away ; exile. I 

deportation, d6-pOrt-&'shnn, n. act of carrying] 

deportment, dg-pOrt'ment, n. behavior ; con- 

deponl, dg-pOz'^1, n. act of deposing. 

depose, dg-pOz', i.t. to bring down from sov- 
ereignty or high station. — v.i. to testify 
on oath. 

draoeit, dg-poz'it, v.t. to put or la^ down ; 
Intmst. — n. that which is put or laid down ; 
anything intrusted, esp. money to a bank. 

i^ontMy, dg-poz'i-t^ri, n. one to whom any- 
thing is intrusted. 

depoeitMn, dep-9-zish'nn, n. act of deposing ; 
evidence on oath ; act of depositing ; any- 
thing deposited. 

depodtw, dg-poz'i-t^r, n. one who deposits. 

depository, dg-poz'i-t^-ri, n. place where any- 
thing 18 deposited. [or railway station.! 

depot, dS'pO, dep'O. n. store-house; military! 

d^nkTttien, dep-r^-va'shun, n. act of de- 
praving ; depravity. [corrupt.! 

deprave, de-pt^v', v.t. to make bad or worse ;1 

d^nkTod, de-prftvd% a. corrupt ; wicked. 

de pra y ity , dg-prav'i-ti, n. wickedness ; moral 

depteofcte, dep'rg-kSt, v.t. to desire earnestly, 
or entreat, that something may not be. 

depreettaon, dep-rg-k&'shnn, n. act of depre- 

depreoatiTe, dep'rg-kat-iv, depreeatory, dep'rg- 
k^-t<;>-ri, a. tending to deprecate. 

depreeiate, dg-prS'siat, -shi-at, v.t. to lower 
the value of ; disparage.~i;.i. to decline 
in value. 

depreeiation, dg-prS-si-a'shun, -shia'-, n. act 
of depreciating ; decline iti value.— a. de- 
pre'eiatiye, depre'eiatory. 

depredate, dep'rg-dat, v.t. to plunder ; prey 
upon ; lay waste.— w. depreda'tion. 

depredator, dep'rg-da-tpr, n. a plunderer ; 
robber. [cast down. 

depress, dg-pres', v.t. to press down ; lower ;| 

devression, dg-presh'un, n. act of depressing ; 
Towness ; hmlow ; dejection. — a. depressive. 

deprivation, dep-ri-va'shun, n. act of depriv- 
ing ; loss ; want. 

deprbe, dg-prlv', v.t. to take from ; bereave. 

depth, depth, n. deepness ; profundity ; a 
deep place. [rity.— n. depnra'tion.l 

depurate, dg-pfl'rat, v.t. to free from impu-| 

deputation, dep-yu-ta'shun, n. act of deput- 
ing ; persons deputed. 

depute, dg-ptlt^ v.t. to appoint as an agent. 

deputy, dep'yu-ti, n. one appointed to act for 

derail, dg-rai', v.t. to cause to run off the rails. 

derange, dg-ranj', v.t. to put out of order ; 

deranged, de-ranjd', a. confused ; insane. 

derangement, dg-rani'ment, n. state of being 
deranged ; disorcfer ; insanity. 

derelict, der'g-likt, a. abandoned.— n. some- 
thing abandoned. [neglect of duty. I 

derelietion, der-g-lik'shun, n. a forsaking ;| 

deride, dg-rld', v.t. to mock ; ridicule. 

derision, dg-rizh'un, n. actof deriding; mock- 
ery.- a. derisive, -nz'-.—adv. deriuvely. 

derivable, dg-rlv'^-bl, a. that may be derived. 

derivation, der-i-va'shun, n. act or process of 
deriving. [thing derived.! 

derivative, dg-riv'^tiv, a. derived.— n. some-| 

derive, dg-rlv% v.t. to draw from ; receive 
from a source ; deduce ; trace a word to 
its origin. [away ; detract. I 

derogate, der'p-gat, v.i. to lessen by taking! 

derogation, der-9-ga'shun, 
n. detraction ; depre- 

derogatory, dg-rog'^-tp-ri, 
a. tending to derogate ; 

derrick, der'ik, n. ma- 
chine for hoisting 
heavy weights. 

dervish, ddr'vish, n. a 
religious mendicant of ; 
the Mohammedan 
faith. Derrick. 

<ft>ze ; flee, rftle, pull, up ; oil, out ; thhi, tM ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 



dMoant, dee-kant^ v.t. to discoarse or com- 
ment at large. 

dMoant, des'kant, n. a part-song ; extended 
discourse or comment. 

detoend, dfi-send% v.i. to go or come down. 

deseenunt, dg-s^nd'^nt, n. offspring of an 
ancestor. [wards. I 

detoendent, dg-send'ent, a. proceeding down-| 

deMent, dg-sent^ n. motion downward; slope; 
invasion ; derivation from an ancestor. 

dMoribe, d§-skrlb', v.t. to represent by words ; 

deteription, dg-skrip'sliun, n. account of any- 
thing in words ; sort or kind — a. deMxip- 

Aworj, dfi-skri', v.t. to discover ; espy. 

deseerat^ des'e-krftt, v.t. to divert from a 
sacred purpose ; profane.— n. deiecrt'tion. 

deMrt, de-z6rt', n. merit ; reward. 

desert, de-z6rt', v.t. to leave ; forsake.— t\i. 
to quit a service without leave. 

deeert, dez'^rt, a. desolate ; uninhabited ; 
barren.— n. a desolate place ; solittide. 

deeorter, dg-zert'^r, n. one who quits a ser- 
vice without leave. 

desertion, dg-zdr'shun, n. act of deserting 
state of being deserted. [merit. 

deserre, de-zerv', v.t. to earn by service ; 

deservinc, ae-z6rv'ing, a. worthy. [dress. 

deshabille, uftz-a-b61% n. undress; careless 

desieeate, des^-kst, v.t. and v.i. to dry up or 
out.— n. desieea'tion. [miss.! 

desiderate, dg-sid'^r-St, v.t. to want ; desire ;| 

desideratiun, dg-sid-^-r9,'tum, n. something 
wanted.—/?^, desiderata. 

design, d§-zln', v.t. and v.i. to draw; sketch ; 
contrive ; plan ; purpose ; intend.— n. 
drawing ; plan ; intention. 

designate, desMg-nfit, v.t. to point out : name. 

designation, des-ig-na'shun, n. act of desig- 
nating ; that which designates ; name : 
title. [sign; intentionally. 

designedly, dg-zln'ed-ll, -sin'-, adv. byde-| 

designer, de-zln'^r, -sin'-,, n. one who makes 
designs ; plotter. [scheming. I 

designing, de-zln'ing, -sin'-, a. artful ;| 

deeirable, d§-zlr'^bl, n. worthy of desire. 

desire, dg-zlr', v.t. to wish for ; request.— ». 
wish ; longing ; request. 

desirous, dg-zlr'us, a. full of desire ; wishful. 

desist, dg-sist', v.i. to stop ; forbear. 

desk, desk, n. a table for writing on ; pulpit. 

desolate, des'p-lflt, v.t. to lay waste ; depopu- 
late, [desolately.— n. desolateness. I 

desolate, des'Q-l^t, a. solitary; waste— a«?r.| 

desolation, des-^-la'shun, n. act of desolating; 
waste ; destruction. 

despair, dg-spar', v.i. to be without hope.— 
n. utter want of hope. 

desMteh, des-pach', v.t. to send off ; put to 

death ; dispose of.— w. a sending off ; ex- 
pedition ; message sent, 
desperado, des-p^r-a'do, n. a desperate or 

reckless man ; ruffian, 
desperate, des'p^r-^t, a. hopeless ; reckless ; 

furious.— ao^v. desperately.— /i. desperate- 

desperation, des-per-a'shun, n. state of de- 
spair ; recklessness of consequences ; 

despioable, des'pi-ka-bl, a. deserving to be 

oiespised.— a(/t7. despieaUy.— n. despioable- 

ness : despioabil'ity. [contempt.! 

de-splz', v.t. to scorn ; view withj 

. , de-spIt', n. contempt ; malice.— orfp. 

in spite of. [ice.— aefv. despiterally.! 

despitwil. de-splt'ful, a. full of spite or mal-| 
despoil, dfi-spoil', v.t. to strip; bereave: 

rob.— n. despolia'tion. [hope, 

despond, de-spond', v.t. to lose courage, or| 
despondent, de-spond'ent, a. without courage, 

or hojpe.—aav. despondently.— n. despm- 

enoe, despondenoy. [tyrant. I 

despot. des'p9t, n. an absolute sovereign ;> 
despotic, des-pot'ik, a. pertaining to, or like 

a despot : arbitrary ; tyrannical, 
despotism, des'p9t-izm, n. principles or mle 

of a despot ; absolute sovereignty, 
dessert, dez-ert', n. service of fruit, etc., at 

the close of a meal, 
destination, des-ti-na'shun, n. appointed end 

or goal ; place to which one is going, 
destine, des'tin, v.t. to ordain or appoint to a 

purpose ; to doom. [tion ; fate. I 

destiny, des'ti-ni, n. predetermined condi-| 
destitate, des'ti-tat, a. in utter want ; needy, 
destitation, des-ti-ta'shun, n. utter want* 

extreme poverty. [put an end to. 

destroy, dg-stroi', v.t. to demolish ; ruin ;| 
destmetible, dfi-stmk'ti-bl, a. liable to be 

destroyed. [ing ; demolition ; ruin.' 

destnietion, dg-struk'shun, n. act of dcstroy-j 
destenetiye, dg-struk'tiv, a. causing destmc- 

tion ; ruinous ; injurious ; deadly. — cuiv. 

destmetiyely.— n. destnietiyeness. 
desnetude, des'wg-ttld, n. disuse, 
desultory, des'ul-tp-ri, a. unconnected ; 

rambling ; \ooBe.— adv. desultorily.— n. des- 

detach, dg-tach', v.t. to unfasten ; separate, 
detachment, dg-tach'ment, w. unfastening; 

separation ; body of troops separated from 

the army, 
detail, dg-tai', v.t. to relate particularly ; set 

apart lor special duty. — n. a part ; particn- 

lar ; minute account. [delay, 

detain, dg-tan', v.t. to hold back ; withhold ;! 
detect, dg-tekt', v.t. to discover ; find out. 

ace, air, add, arm, ftsk, ail, visage ; sgvCre, ebb, her, mak^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, Off, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 




, dg-tek'shun, n. discovery ; finding 
oat. [detect offenders.! 

iitoetiye, dg-tekt'iv, n. oflicer employed to| 

Meetor, dg-tekt^9r, n. one who detects ; de- 
vice for detecting, [chinery.l 

Mntj de-tent% ii. a catch to check ma-| 

Mntion, dfi-ten'ehun, u, act of detaining ; 
delay ; confinement. 

deter, dg-ter', v.t. to prevent ; hinder. 

detttge, dg-teri', v.t. to cleanse. 

drtojiait, dfi-terj'^nt, a. cleansing.—??, some- 
thmg that cleanses. [or become worse. 

detarieme, de-t6'ri-9-rat, v.t. and v.i. to make 

deteciorfttion, dfi-te-ri-^-rft'shun, n. state oi' 
growing worse. [determined. 

determinaUe, dg-ter'mi-n^bl, a. that may be 

determinate, de-ter'mi-n^t, a. fixed ; definite. 

detennination, dg-ter-mi-nft'shun, n. end ; de- 
cision ; resolution ; fixed purpose. 

determinstivt. dg-ter'mi-n^tiv, a. having 
power to determine. {v.i. to resolve. 

detemune, dg-t^r'min, v.t. to fix ; decide.— 

detenninad, dg-ter'mind, a. resolute. [sion. 

detcrnye, dg-ters'lv, a. cleansing.— 7j. deter'- 

detest, dg-test', v.t. to hate extremely : abhor 

detefftable, dg-test'a-bl, a. extremely hateful. 
—adv. detestaUy.- 72. defcesUblenets. 

detattatioii, dfi-test-a'shun, n. extreme hatred; 

dethrone, dg-thrOn', v.t. to divest of kingly 
authority ; depose.— n. dethronement. 

detonate, det'9-nflt, iJ.i. to explode with noise. 

detonation, det-9-nft'shun, n. a loud explo- 
sion, [about way. I 

detovr. da-tdbr', n. a winding, or round-| 

detnet, dg-trakt' v.i. to take away from : 
lower the worth of. [slander. 

detraetion, dg-trak'shun, n. depreciation ;| 

detraetor, dg-trakt'pr, n. a depreciator* 
slanderer. [—a. detrimental. 

detriment, det'ri-ment, n. loss; damage. | 

detrition, dg-trish'un, 71. a wearing away. 

detritus, dg-trl^tus, n. substance worn or 
crushed off. [detninea'tion. I 

detmneate, dg-trungk'at, v.t. to lop off.— «.| 

deiee, dtls, n. card or die with two spots. 

deiee, dlls, n. an evil spirit. 

derartate, dev'as-tftt, v.t. to lay waste* ravage. 

devaitation, dev-as-tS'shun, n. act of devastat- 
ing ; waste ; desolation. 

derelop, dg-vel'pp, v.t. to unfold ; lay open. 
—v.i. to grow into ; open out. 

derdoranent, dg-vel'Qp-ment, n. gradual un- 

folaing or growth ; disclosure, 
iefiate, de'vi-ftt, v.i. to strav ; turn aside. 
deviation, dS-vi-S'shnn, a. aeparture from a 

coarse; a turning aside, 
deiiee, dg-vTs', n. contrivance ; scheme ; 
armorial bearing. 

devil, dev'l, n. Satan ; an evil spirit. 

deyilj dev'l, v.t. to cook with pungent spices. 

deviluh, dev'1-ish, n. of, or like, a devil.— 

adv. devilishly.— 7?. devilishness. 
devilry, dev'l-ri, deviltary, dev'1-tri, n. devil- 
ish conduct ; mischief, 
devions, dfi'vi-us, a. straying ; wandering.— 

adv. deviously.- n. devionsness. 
devise, dg-viz', v.t. to contrive ; scheme ; 

0\r rrnl optate by will.— n. act of be- 

{\m-ni\uvvii,—H. devil '«r, a contriver, 
devuee, dti -i-^Ct f(^ out to whom real estate 

if IjwiiunthfMl, [real estate.! 

deviior, dg vL^^^^i; ^j^ 'jhc who bequeaths! 
devoid, dy-vfiid'. a. fli'^ilitute ; free from, 
devoir, dcvvvi ttr', n, din^ ; act of courtesy, 
devolve, d^-v^]h^ r,^ ro transfer.— r.i. to 

pjii«a to ; faUL^^f. diftvoln'tion. 
devote, cly-vnt^ rJ. ta dedicate ; give up 

xUinlly ; doom, 
devoted, d^-vot'eil, rt, i^tronglv attached ; 

y.c^\m\& ; drainitsL— yv/u. devotedly.— n. de- 

votedness. [esp. to religion. I 

devotee, dev-9-t6', n. one zealously devoted, | 
devotion. dg-vO'shun, n. dedication ; piety ; 

act of worship ; zeal ; strong attachment. 

—a. devotional [sume. 

devoor, dg-vour', «;.^. to eat ravenously ; con-| 
devont, dg-vout', a. pious ; religious ; sin- 

cave.—adv. devoutly.— ?». devoutness. 
dew, dtl, n. moisture deposited from the air 

in cooling. [hoof. I 

dew-elaw, dfl'kia, n. rudimentary claw or| 
dewlap, dtlMap, ;^ loose flesh hanging from 

the throat of the ox and deer kind. 
dewpoint, dfl'point, n. temperature at which 

dew begins to form, 
dewy, dfl'i, a. moist with dew ; moist, 
dexter, deks't^r, a. on the right hand ; right. 
dexterity, deks-ter'i-ti, n. expertness : adroit- 
ness.— a. dexterous.— afift7. dexterously, 
diabolic, diabolieal, dl-^-bol'ik, -aL a. devilish. 

—adv. diabolieally. [ing to distinguish.! 
diacritic, diacritical, dl-^-krit'ik, -^1, a. serv-| 
diadem, dl'^-dem, n. a crown ; royalty, 
diwresis, dl-er'e-sis, n. separation of one 

syllable into two, and the mark (••) de- 
noting it, as in naive. 
diagnosis, dl-ag-nO'sis, n. determination of a 

disease from its symptoms. 
diagonal, dlag'Q-n^l, a. passing 

from one angle to anotner not 

adjacent; oblique.— n. a line so 

drawn.— arfiJ. oiagonallY. 
diagram, dl'^-gram, n. figure or 

plan drawn to illustrate a statement, 
dial, dral, n. instrument showing the time 

of day by a shadow cast from the sun ; 

face of a clock or watch. 



(fcze ; tlse, rfile, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, 

thQ ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chi^, az(zh)ure. 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 




d»le«i, dIVlekt, n. langaage ; peculiar form 
of language. 

dialeetu, dl-^lekt^k, a. pertaining to dialect 
or discourse ; logical. 

iL dl-^lek-tish'^, n. a skilful rea- 


i dl-^-lekt'iks, n. art of discussing : 


, dl>l-ing, n. art of making! 

dialog&i^ dl-al'9-ji6t, n. speaker in a dia- 
logue, [or more persons.! 

duJogue, dl'^lOg, n. discourse between twoj 

diameter, dl-am'e-t^r, n. straight 
line passing through the cen- 
tre of a circle and terminated 
at both ends by the circum- 
ference ; distance through the 

diunetrie, -al, dl-a-met'rik, •^, a. 
relating to, describing, or in 
the direction of, a diameter ; direct.— arfr. 

diamond, dl'a-mQnd, n. a transparent gem, 
consisting of crystallized carbon ; a regu- 
lar four-sided figure with two equal acute 
angles ; very small size of type. 

diafason, dl-^-pftz'pn, n. an octave in music ; 
interval comprising all the notes ; organ- 

diaper, dl'^-p^r, n. cloth, esp. linen, woven 
in figures.— v./. to variegate with figures. 

diaphanou, dl-af^nus, a. transparent. 

diaphoretie, dI-^-f9-ret'ik, a. promoting per- 

diaphragm, dl'^fram, n. partition ; muscular 
partition separating the chest from the 
abdomen.— a. diaphragmat'ie. 

diarrhcea, dI-^-r6'§, n. continued looseness of 
the bowels.— a. diarrh«tle. 

diary, dr^ri, n. journal of daily transactions. 

diatom, dl'^-tpm, n. a microscopic plant. 

diatomaeeou, dl-^t^m-a^sg-us, a. containing 

diatonie, dl-^-ton'ik, a. progressing by tones, 
in music. 

diatribe, dl^a-trlb, n. prolonged discourse; 

dibble, dib'l, n. pointed tool for planting. 

diee, als, of die. 

dictate, dik't&t, v.t. to tell another what to 
say or write ; command ; admonish.— w. 
command ; admonition. 

dictator, dik-tft'tpr, n. one invested with ab- 
solute authority. 

dietatoriaL dik-t^td'ri-^, a. pertaining to, or 
like, a dictator ; absolute ; overbearing. 

dietatorehip, dik-t&'tpr-ship, n. ofiice or a 
dictator. [style. I 

dietion, dik'shun, n. manner of expression ;| 

dietionary, dik'shun-^ri, ;i. a book contain- 
ing the words of a language with their 
meanings ; book of definitions. ![di^| 

diotnm, dik'tum, n. authoritative saying.— p/. 

did, did, ».^. of do. 

didaetie, ai-dak'tik. a. conveying instniction. 

die, dl, t).i. to lose life ; perish.- p.p. dying. 

(Ue. dl, n. small cube used in gaming.— />/. 
oiee ; stamp for coining.— />/. uea. 

diet, dl'et, n. habitual or prescribed food.— 
v.i. to take food according to rule.— «. 
dietary ; dietet'ie. [delegates. 

diet, dl'et, n. an assembly of princes and 

dietary, dl'et-^ri, n. rule or system of diet. 

dietetiM, dl-et-et'iks, n. rules for regulating 

dilfiBr, dif'^r, v.i. to disagree ; be unlike. 

diUbrenoe, dif'^r-ens, n. disagreement; dis- 
tinction ; unlikeness ; excess of one quan- 
tity over another. [not the same.' 

different, dif'er-ent, a. differing; unlike; 

difBBrenual, dif-er-en'sh^J, a. creating or per- 
taining to difference. 

difflenlt, dif'i-kult, a. hard to be done ; re- 
quiring labor or skill. 

difflenlty, dif'i-kul-ti, n. quality of being 
difficult ; arduousness ; obstacle ; embar- 
rassment ; dispute. 

diffldenee, dir i-dens, n. want of confidence ; 
bashfulness.— a. diffldent— ae/t?. diffldently. 

diAue, dif-fflz', v.t. to pour or spread 

difl\ue, dif-f fls' a. widely spread ; not ^n- 
c\Be.—adv. difltuely.— n. difftuenesf. 

diftiaion, dif-ftl'zhun, n. a spreading ; dis- 

diAiaiye, dif-ftls'iv, a. tending to spread; 
extending.— a(/v. diftuively. — ;i. dohnn- 

dig, dig, v.t. to turn up the earth ; burrow 
xnio.—p.t. and p.p. dog. 

digeit, dl-jest^ v.t. to dissolve in the 
stomach ; meditate thoroughly ; classify. 

digoil drjest, n. a body of laws ; eanrniair. 

digesuble, di-jest'i-bl, a. that mav be di- 
gested ; easy to digest.— n. digeatiul'ity. 

digestion, di-jest'ynn, n. process or power of 
digestmg. [taining to digestion.! 

digeitiTe, ai-jest'iv, a. promoting or per! 

digit, dij'it, n. a finger ; one of the nine fig- 
ures, 1, 2, etc.; finger's breadth ; 12th 
part of the diameter of the sun or moon.— 
a. diidtaL [noble. I 

dignified, dig'ni-fid, a. invested with dignity;! 

dignify, dig'ni-fl, v.t. to invest with honor ; 

dignitary, dig'ni-t^-ri, n. person of rank. 

dignity, dig'ni-ti, n. elevation of rank or 
character ; nobleness ; high rank or office. 

ftce, §ir, add, firm, gsk, &11, vis^e ; sevCre, ebb, her, inftk^r ; Ice, inn ; Od^r, ox. Off, 

d by Google 

Digitized b 



digiftili, dl'graf, n. two letters with the 

fionnd of but one. 
iigntB, di-gres', v.t. to turn from the main 

gabject ; wander in discourse. 
disttiBion, di-gresh'un, n. act of digressing ; 

part of a discourse turning from the mam 

dike, oik, n. a ditch ; bank of earth thrown 

up.— ^.^ to surround or restrain with a 

iiUpdftte, di-lap'i-dat, v.t. to pull down ; 

waste. — v.i. to become ruinous. 
dilqidation, di-lap-i-d.Vshun, n. decay; 

waste ; ruin. [widen ; enlarge, j 

iilate, dl-lfit', di-lftt', v.t. and v.t. to expand;! 
dilUiMi, dl-lft'shun, n. expansion ; enlarge- 
ment, [procrastinating.! 
dilaUry, dil'a-tp-ri, a. delaying ; tardy ;| 
iilMMiifc di-lem^4i ^' ^n argument presenting 

two alternatives ; a perplexing position or 

state of things, 
iilettamte, dil-et-tan'te, n. an admirer of the 

fine arts ; amateur.— j?/. dilettanti (-6). 
diUgtnt, diPi-jent, a. industrious ; (persever- 
ing. — adv. diligently. —;^. diligence, 
dilute, di-ltlt', v.t. to make thinner ; weaken 

with water, etc. 
dilwte, di-ltlt\ a. weak ; diluted. 
dilution, di-ltl'shun, n. act of diluting ; a 

weak liquid, 
dilnfinl, di-lflv^i-^l, dihivitn, di-lQv'i-^n, a. 

pertaining to, or caused by, a flood. 
diliiviam, di-lQv'i-um, n. deposit of sand, 

etc., caused by the sea. 
dim, dim. a. not bright or clear ; obscure ; 

mysterious.— ad®, dimly.— w. dimness.— «.<. 

to make dim. 
dine, dim, n. a silver coin, the tenth of a 

dollar. [ure;bulk.| 

^ di-men'shun, n. superficial meas-l 

di-min'ish, v.t. to lessen.— o.i. to 

beconie less, 
diminnendo, di-min-yu-en'do, a. diminishing 

in loudness or power, 
diminntion, di-min-tl'shan, n. a lessening ; de- 
diminntiye, di-min'yu-tiv, a. little ; small. 
dimity, dimM-ti, n. a ribbed cotton stuff. 
dimpuL dim'^pl, n. a small natural depression 

or tne skin. — v.i. to form dimples. — v.t. to 

make dimples in. 
din, din, n. loud continued noise.- ».<. to 

annoy with noise ; to clamor, 
dine, din, v.i. to take dinner, 
dingey, dmghy. ding'gi, n. a small boat. 
dingle, ding'gl, n. narrow hollow between 

dingy, din'ji, a. dull ; soiled.- n. dinginess. 
diutr, din'^r, n. the chief meal of the day. 

dint, dint, n. mark of a blow ; force. — v.t. to 
indent with a blow. 

diooese, dl'p-ses, n. jurisdiction of a bishop. 
—a. dio'eesan. 

diorama, dl-o-rii'mft, n. an exhibition of 
illuminated pictures seen through a large 

dip, dip, v.t. to immerse or depress for a 
moment.— v.i. to sink ; enter slightly ; in- 
cline downwards.— w. inclination down- 

diphtheria, dif-the'ri-^, dip-, n. disease in 
which the air-passages are coated with a 
membranous substance.— a. diphtherit'ic. 

diphthong, dif'thong, n. union of two vowel- 
sounds in one syllable.— a. diphthong'aL 

diploma, di-plO'mft, n. writing conferring 
some honor or privilege. 

diplomaey, di-plo'm^si, n. art or conduct of 
negotiation, esp. between states or sov- 
ereigns, [diplomacv.l 

diplomatio, di-plO-mat'ik, a. pertaming to| 

diplomatist. di-plO'm^tist, n. one engaged, or 
skill^, in diplomacy. 

dipper, dip'^r, n. a vessel for dipping. 

dipsomania, dip-sO-mftn'i-a, n. disease char- 
acterized by an insane tnirst for spirituous 
liquors. [tons. I 

dire, dlr, direfol, dir'ful, a. fearful ; calami- 1 

direot, di-rekt', a. straight ; straight forward ; 
lineal.— t?./. to aim; point or guide to- 
ward ; indicate a coarse to ; order ; ad- 
dress.— ;;. direetness. 

direetion, di-rek'shun, n. act of directing ; 
aim ; course ; relative position : order : 
address. [diately. 

direetly, di-rekt'li, adv. straightly; imme-| 

direetor, di-rekt'^r, n. one who directs : 
manager. [addresses. 

direetonr. di-rektV^ ^« hook of names and| 

dirge, derj, n. a funeral song or hymn. 

dirk, derk, n. a dagger. [earth. I 

dirt, dert, n. any unclean substance: soil ;| 

dirty, der'ti, a. soiled : unclean ; indecent ; 
mean. — v.t. to soil ; defile. 

dis-, dis-, prefix indicating the negation or 
reversal of the idea expressed in the 
primitive : as dish/meet., not honest ; dis- 
join., to separate. [qualification.! 

disability, dis-a-bil'i-ti, n. want of power or] 

disable, dis-a'Dl, v.t. to deprive of power ; 

disabuse, dis-^btlz^ v.t. to undeceive. 

disadvantage, dis-ad-v§n'tQj, n. unfavorable 
state or position ; injury. — a. disadvan- 
taJ:eoas. —adv. disadvanta'geonsly. 

disafleet, dis-^f-fekt', v.t. to make unfriendly. 

disaffeetion, dis-etf -f ek'shun, n.unf riendliness ; 
alienation.— a. disaffeeted. 

(Jbze; tiae, r&le, pull, up; oil, out; 

thin, th^\ get, jet; kin, sin; chip, az(zh)ure. 

by Google 

Digitized b 



disaji^ne, die-^-grC', v.i. not to agree; to 

differ • be at variance, [adv. diBigreMtUy. I 

disagTeMUe, dis-^grS'^bl, a. unpleasant.— | 

disagreement, dis-^gi-e^ment, n. want of 


agreement ; difference ; dispute c 
diiulow, dis-^lou', v.f. to refuse to grant ; 

deny the autliority of. — n. die allowanee. 
disanniil, dis-^n-nul", i\^ to annul.—;?, disan- 

nnlmeni [to be visible.— n. diMppear&nee. 
disappear. di8>^p-pSr\ v.i. to vanish ; cease 
disappoini, dis-4p-point% v.t. to frustrate 

expectation or nope, 
disappointment, dis-ap-point'ment, n. defeat 

or expectation or hope, 
disapprobation, dis-ap-pr^-bft'shun, disap- 

Jtroyal, dis-^p-prdbv'^l, n. actof disapprov- 
ng; censure ; dislike, [to censure ; reject. I 
disapprove, dis-^p-prdbv', t?.<. not to approve ;| 
disarm, dis-ftrm', diz-, v.t. to deprive of arms; 


render harmless ; subdue. 

disarmament, dis-^m'^-ment, n. act of dis-| 

disarrange, dis-^rftnj', v.t. to put out of or- 
der.— n. disarrangement. 

disarray, dis-ft-rft', v.t. to throw into disorder; 
undress. — n. want of order ; undress. 

disaster, diz-§s't^r, n. an unfortunate event : 
calamity. [tons.— arft?. disastrously. 

disastrous, diz-^s'trus, a. unlucky ; calami-| 

disavow, ais-ft-vou', v.t. to disown; disclaim: 
deny. [claimer ; denial. 

disavowal, dis-^vou'al, n. disowning ; dis-l 

disband, dis-band', v.t. and v.i. to disperse, 
break up, as a body of soldiers.- n. dis- 
bandment. [of pleading in a court.! 

disbar, dis-bftr', v.t. to deprive of the right| 

disbelief dis-be-lCf ', n. want of belief. 

disbelieve, dis-be-16v', v.t. not to believe. 

disbeliever, dis-be-lCv'^r, n. one who does not 

disburden, dis-bur^den, disburthen, dis-bur'- 
then, v.t. to rid of a burden ; relieve. 

disburse, dis-burs', v.t. to pay out. 

disbursement, dis-bnrs'ment, n. act of paying 
out ; sum paid out. 

disc, disk, see disk. 

discard, dis-kard', v.t. to cast off ; dismiss. 

discern, di-zern', v.t. to perceive ; see ; dis- 
tinguish, [cerned ; perceptible, 

discernible, di-z6rn'i-bl, a. that may be dis- 

discernment, di-zern'ment, 7i. act or power ol 
discerning ; penetration. 

discharge, di8-charj',i7.<. to unload ; set free; 
dismiss ; emit ; Are, as a enn.—v.i. to un- 
load cargo.— «. act of discharging; ac- 
quittal ; release ; anything discharged or 
emitted ; firing of a gun. 

disciple, dis-sT'pl, n. a learner ; follower. 

disdpleship, dis-sl'pl-ship, n. state of a dis- 

disciplinarian, dis-si-plin-ft'ri-^n, n. one who 
enforces discipline. 

discipline, dis'si-plin, n. training ; order ; 
subiection to rule ; punishment. — v.t. to 
subject to discipline: order. — a. diM^ 
linary. [to; deny; reject. I 

disclaim, dis-klftm', v.t. to renounce claiml 

disclaimer. dis-klSm'^r, n. one who disclaims; 
act of disclaiming. 

disclose, dis-klOz, v.t. to lay open ; reveal. 

disclosure. dis-klO'zhur, n. act of discloBliig; 
revelation ; something disclosed. 

discolor, dis-kuIVfi v.t. lo change the color 
of ; stain. [color. I 

discoloration, dis-kul-9r-&'shun, n. cban^ of | 

discomfit, dis-kum'fit, v.i. to disconcert ; de- 
feat, [defeat; discompoeare. I 

discomfiture, dis-kum'fit-yur, n. fmstration ;| 

diecomfort, dis-kum'f9rt, n. want of comfort: 
uneasiness ; distress, [disorder ; dieturb. 

discompose, dis-kpm-pOz', v.t. to disarranee ;| 

discomposure, dis-k^m-pO'zhur, n. dieoraer ; 

disconcert, dis-k^n-sSrt', v.t. to disorder; 
frustrate ; derange ; confuse. 

disconnect, dis-k^n-nekt' v.t. to disanite ; 
separate.— n. disconnection. 

disoonsolate, dis-kon'so-i^t, a. without con- 
solation • uncomforted ; sad. 

discontent, dis-kpn-tent', a. not content ; dis- 
satisfied.— n. dissatisfaction.— 1\<. to ren- 
der dissatisfied. 

discontented, dis-kpn-tent'ed, a. not con- 
tented ; dissatisfied.— a. discontentedly. — n. 

discontinuance, dis-k<;>n-tin'vu-^ns, diao«ntiB- 
nation, dis-kpn-tin-yu-fi'shun, n. cessation; 
interruption *" 

discontinue, dii 

discord, dis'kOrd, 
harmony ; union of inharmonious sounds. 
—a. disoonl'ant.— a<2t). disoord'antiy. 

discord, dis-kOrd', v.i. to disagree * not be in 
harmony. [of being discordant. I 

discordance, dis-kdrd'^ns, n. state or qoalityl 

discount, dis'kount, n. deduction made from 
a payment ; interest paid in advance. 

discount, dis-kount', v.t. to lend money on, 
deducting interest. 

discountenance, dis-koun'te-n^ns, v.t. to 
abash ; discourage ; disfavor. — n. dis- 
favor, [repress by disfavor.! 

discourage, dis-kur'aj, v.t. to dishearten ;l 

discouragement, dis-kur'^l-ment, n. act or 
discouraging ; that which discourages : 
dejection. [dress ; treatise.! 

discourse, dis-kOrs', n. speech ; talk ; an ad-| 

discourteous, dis-kurt'jrus, a. uncivil ; rude.— 
adv. discourteously. - 

ion. ^ [leave off; stop. 

dis-k<;>n-tin'yu, v.t. and v.i. to] 

'kOrd, n. disagreement ; want or 

ftce, §ir, add, firm, ftsk, fill, visage ; sgvCre, ebb, h6r, mflk^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, (Mt, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 




^. dis-kurt'e-ei, n. want of court- 
esy; incivility. 

fiMiTtr, dia-kuv'^r, v.t. to expose ; make 
known ; find out ; perceive. 

HmnnhUy dis-kuv'^r-^bl, a. that may be 
discovered; perceptible. 

imtfaj, dis-knv'^r-i, n. act of finding out ; 
eomeibing discovered. 

dJMiiit, dis-kred'it, n. want of credit or 
reputation ; disgrace.— v.i. to disbelieve ; 
deprive of credit or reputation. 

liierNitable, dis-kred'it-^-bl, a. not credit- 
able; disgraceful. 

fiMTMt, dis-krSt', a. prudent; cautious.— 
adv. disereetlT.— n. disonetnets. 

tiMr^ant, dis-krep'ant, dis'-, a. disagree- 
ing ; not consistent.— 7i. disoreifuiey. 

iisente, dis-kret', a. separate ; distinct. 

iuentkni, dis-kresh'un, n. prudence; free- 
dom to act at will. 

iiieNtioiiAl, dis-kresb^un-^1, diforetionuy, dis- 
kresh'un-a-ri, a. left to discretion ; unre- 

iiseriiuiiate, dis-krim'i-nftt, v.t. and v.i. to 
distinguish ; make a distinction. 

fiiauninatioii, dis-krim-i-nS'shun, n. act of 
discriminating ; distinction ; discernment. 

iiNriminathre. dis-krim'i-n^tiv, a. discrim- 
■ inating ; characteristic. [crown.! 

diMrtwiif dis-kronn', v.t. to deprive of a| 

iisranion, dis-kur'shun, n. desultory dis- 

limnmL dis-kurs'iv, a. rambling ; diffuse. 

iiseut, dis-kus', v.t. to disperse ; examine 
in debate. [debate. I 

iimMiML dis-knsh'un, n. act of discussing ;| 

iiiiam, dis-dan', v.t. to scorn.— n. scorn ; 

ittiaiutaL dis-dfin'ful, a. scornful ; haughty. 

iiietM, uiz-ez', ?i. malady; sickness; ad- 

iisMied, diz-Szd% a, affected with disease. 

iiienbwk, dis-em-b&rk', v.t. and v.i. to take 
oat of, or land from, a ship.— n. disem- 
krkatioii. [body. I 

diiamboiy, dis-em-bod'i, v.t. to divest of a| 

iiwbtgna, dis-em-bOg', v.t. and v.i. to dis- 
charge at the mouth, as a stream. 

iiMBbowtl, dis-em-bou'el, v.t. to take out the 
bowels of. [enchantment. I 

iiienAaiit, dis-en-ch&nt', v.t. to free from| 

iiNMvmber, dis-en-kum'b^r, t?.^. to free from 

iiMBfaf«, dis-en-gaj', to free from engage- 
ment or connexion.— 72. disengagement. 

tieengaged, dis-en-gftjd', a. not engaged ; notl 
occupied. [entanglement or perplexity.] 

iiMBtaagle, dis-en-tang'gl, v.t. to free from 

iisbver, dis-fa'vpr, n. want of favor, dislike. 

diafigore, dis-fig'yur, v.t. to deform ; mar 
the appearance of.-7i. disfigurement, die- 

disfranehise, dis-fran'chiz, -chTz, v.t. to de- 
prive of citizenship.— 71. disf^anehisement. 

disgorge, dis-gdrj', v.t. to vomit; give up 
what has been taken. 

disgraee, dis-grSs', n. state of being out of 
favor ; dishonor.- 1?.^. to bring todisgrace 
or shame.— a. disgraeefoL 

disgoise, dis-glz', n. dress which prevents the 
wearer from being recognizeu ; false ap- 
pearance, —v.t. to conceal ; hide under a 
false appearance. 

disgust, ais-gust', diz-, n. aversion; strong 
aislifce ; loathing.— u.^ to affect with dis- 
gust, [offensive.! 

disgusting, dis-gust'ing, a. causing disgust ;| 

disE, dish, n. a shallow vessel, esp. for serv- 
ing food ; article of food.— ».^ to put in a 

dishabille, dis-^biP, see deshabille. 

dishearteiL dis-hart'n, v.t. to discourage. 

dishevel, di-shev'l, v.t. to disorder the Tiair. 

dishouMrt, dis-on'est, diz-, a. not honest ; 
faithless ; knavish.— w. dishonesty. 

dishonor, dis-on'<;>r, diz-, n. want of honor ; 
disgrace ; shame.— »./. to disgrace ; bring 
shame upon ; refuse payment of. — a. dis- 
honorable, [ingness. I 

disinelination^ dis-in-kli-nS'shun, n. unwill-l 

disineline, disin-klln', v.t. to make unwill- 
ing ; indispose. [posed. I 

disinclined, dis-in-klTnd', a. unwilling; indis-| 

disinfeet, dis-in-fekt', v.t. to free from infec- 
tion.— n. disinfeetion. 

disinfeetant, dis-in-fekt'^nt, n. anything that 
disinfects. [not candid. I 

disingenuous, dis-in-jen'yu-us, a. not frank ;| 

disinherit, dis-in-her'it, v.t. to cut off from 
inheriting.— 7i. disinheriiuoe. 

disintegrate, dis-in't^-grat, v.t. to separate 
into parts or particles.— n. disintegra'tion. 

disinter, dis-in-ter', v.t. to take out of a 
^ave ; dig np.—n. disinterment. 

dismterested, dis-in't^r-est-ed, a. not inter- 
ested ; free from h'ms.— adv. disinterestedly. 
—n. disinterestedness. 

disjoin, dis-join^ v.t. to separate what has 
been joined. [cate at a joint.I 

dinoint, dis- joint', v.t. to separate or dislo-| 

pointed, dis- joint'ed, a. not properly united ; 
incoherent.— n. diqointedness. 

dinunotion, dis-jungk'shnn, n. separation ; 

disiunetive, dis-jungk'tiv, a. tending to dis- 
join ; in gram, uniting words but separat- 
ing sense. Restial body. I 

disk, disk, n. a round plate ; face of a ce-] 

<^] tlse, rWe, puU, up; oil, out; thin, thQ\ get, jet; kin, sin; chip, az(zh)ure. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



diflliko, dig-lIk^ n. aversion ; disinclination ; 
disapproval. — v.t. to disapprove of ; have 
an aversion to. [of joint. I 

diiloeate, dis'lO-kSt, v.t. to displace ; pat oat| 

ditloMtion, dis-lO-lcS'shun, n. displacement ; 
a dislocated joint. 

dislodge, dis-loj', v.t. to drive from a lodg- 
ment or position. — v.i. to leave a lodgment 
or position. 

disloTd, dis-loi'^l, a. not true to allegiance ; 
faitliless.— n. disloyalty. 

, diz'm^l, a. gloomy ; dreary, 
itlo, dis-man^tl, v.t. to strip of dress, 
apparatus, or equipments. 

ditiMft, dis-m^t^ v.t. to deprive of masts. 

dismay, dis-ma% v.t. to daunt ; affright.— n. 
loss of courage ; fright. 

dismomber, dis-mem'b^r, v.t. to divide mem- 
ber from member ; to cut or tear to pieces. 
—n. dismemberment. 

dismiss, dis-mis^ v.t. to send awa^r ; discard ; 
discharge.— n. dismissal, dismission. 

dismonnt, dis-mount', v.i. to alight from a 
horse, etc.— v.t. to unhorse ; displace any- 
thing mounted. 

disebedunt, dis-O-bfi'di-ent, a. neglecting or 
refusing to obey.— n. disobedienoe. 

disobey, dfs-0-bft', v.t. to neglect or refuse to 

disoblige, dis-0-blTj', v.t. to offend by in- 
civility, [ing; untcind.l 

disobliging. dis-O-bllj'ing, a. unaccommodat-| 

disorder, ais-Or'd^r, n. confusion ; disturb- 
ance ; disease.— i?.^ to throw into confu- 
sion ' make sick. 

disorderly, dis-dr'd^r-li, a. in confusion ; 
irregular ; lawless.— (M/t7. disorderly. 

disorganise, -ise, dis-Or'g^n-Iz, v.t. to break 
up the structure of .—n. disorganisation, 
duorganisation. [acknowledge. 

disown, dis-On', v.t. to refuse to own or| 

disparage, dis-par'aj, v.t. to depreciate by 
comparison ; lower in estimation ; detract 
from.— n. disparagement. 

disparate, dis'par-^t, a. having nothing in 
common ; utterly unlike. [ness.l 

disparity, dis-par'i-ti, n. inequality; unlike- 1 

dispart, dis-p^', v.t. to part asunder.— v.i. 
to separate. [passion ; calm. I 

dispassionate, dis-pash'un-^t, a. free from| 

dispateh, dis-pach% see despateh. 

dispel, dis-per, v.t. to drive away ; vanish. 

diepensable, dis-pens^^-bl, a. that may be dis- 
pensed, or dispensed with. 

dispensaxj, dis-pen^s^-ri, ». place where 
medicmes are dispensed, esp. to the poor. 

dispensation, dis-pen-sft'shun, n. act of dis- 
pensing ; dealing, esp. of Providence ; ex- 
emption from a law. 

dispensatiTe, dis-pens'^-tiv, di^ensatory, dis- 
pen6'a-t<;>-ri, a. granting dispensation. 

dispensatory, ais-pens'^rtp-ri, n. book of in- 
structions for preparing medicines. 

dispense, di8-pens\ v.t. to deal out ; admin- 
ister.— diepense with, to do without. 

dispeople, dis-pS'pl, v.t. to depopulate. 

disperse, dis-p^rs', v.t. and v.i. to scatter. 

dispersion, (us-p^r'shun, n. a scattering; 

dispersiTe. dis-p^rs'iv, a. tending to disperse. 

dispirit, dis-pir'it, v.t. to dishearten ; deprive 
of spirit. [n. dirala«emsni, 

displaee, dis-plfts', v.t. to put out of place.— i 

display, dis-plfi', v.t. to spread out ; exhibit. 
— n. exhibition ; ostentatious show. 

displease, dis-piez% v.t. to offend ; be dis- 
agreeable to. 

dispieasnre, dis-plezh'nr, n. anger ; irritation. 

disport, dis-pOrt', v.i. to sport ; move play- 
fully, [posing. I 

disposal, dis-pOz'^1, n. act or power of cUb-| 

dii^ose, dis-pbz^ v.t. to arrange ; apply to a 
purpose ; adapt ; incline.— dispOM < to 
part with ; place. 

disposed, dis-pibzd', a. inclined. 

disposition, dis-pp-zish'un, n. arrangement - 
a giving over ; inclination ; temper of 
mind. [session. I 

dispossess, di8-p<;>z-zes^ v.t. to put out of pos-j 

dispossession, dis-p9z-zesh'un, n. act of dis- 
possessing, [to censure.' 

dispraise, dis-prftz', n. censure ; blame.— v./. | 

disj^roof; dis-prdbf, n. a disproving ; refuta- 

disproportion, dis-pr^-pOr'shun, n. want of 
proportion or sjrmmetry.- 1?.^. to make oat 
of proportion. fproportioned. I 

disproportionate, dis-prp-pOr'shun-^t, a. notj 

disprove, dis-prdbv^ v.t. to prove to be false ; 
refute. [puted. 

dispnt^e, dis'pyii-t^bl, a. that may bedis-l 

disputant, dis'pyu-t^nt, n. one who disputes 
or argues. [ing ; contest in annunent' 

dispntauon, dis-pyu-tfl'shun. n. act of disput-l 

dispntatioas, dis-pyu-tfi'shus, a. inclined to 
dispute ; contentious. 

dispnte, dis-pUt', v.t. and v.i. to debate; argue; 
call m question ; contend in words.— n. a 
contest in words. 

disfoaliHeation, dis • kwol - i - fl - kjl^shun, n. 
something which disqualifies. 

diMnalifjr, dis-kwoPi-fl, v.t. to make unfit ; 

disoniet, dis-kwT'et, v.t. to make uneasy; 
disturb. — n. uneasiness ; anxiety. 

disf nietnde, dis-kwi'e-tfld, n. state of disquiet. 

disfnisition, dis-kwi-zish'un, n. a formal 
treatise or investigation. 

ace, §ir, add, ftrm, pk, &11, visage ; severe, ebb, h^r, mak^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, 6ff, 

d by Google 

Digitized b 



tetffvd, dis-re-g&rd^ v.t. not to regard ; to 

gl^ht.— n. eli^t ; neglect.— a. dim^^udAil. 
tiBMifh, diB-rel'ish, n. distaste ; dislike. 
timpnte, dis-rg-pflt', n. want of reputation ; 

discredit.— a. disrep'ntable. 
fewp tct, di8-r6-8pekt^ n. want of respect, 
iim^eetftil, dis-rg-spekt'ful, a. wanting in 

respect ; uncivil. —orft;. di8rMp«etftall7. 
iintbe, di8-r0b^ v.t. and v.i. to undress. 
timfBon, dis-rnp'shun, n. act of breaking 

asunder ; breach, 
timtiifbetioii, dis-sat-is-fak'shun, n. state of 

being dissatisfied ; discontent, 
fawttwled, dis-sat'is-fid, a. not satisfied : 

discontented. [contented. 

iimtiffV dis-sat^s-fl, v.t. to make dis-| 
iiaiet, dis-sekt', v.t. to cut to pieces in order 

to examine ; to examine part by part. 
iiMMtwn, dis-sek'shun, n. act of dissecting ; 


r, ais-sek't^r, a. one who dissects. 
, dis-Bfiz^ v.t. to oust from possession. 
le, dis-sem'bl, v.t. to dis^ise ; con- 
ceal. — v.i. to feign ; act hypocritically. 
iiMwninfcto, dis-sem'i-n&t, v.t. to scatter 

abroad ; spread.— n. diMemiiUk'tion. 
hmnriBB. ois-sen'shnn, n. disagreement; 

HiMat, dis-sent', v.i. to disagree in opinion ; 

diflFer. — n. disagreement in opinion. — a. 

....»•», dis-sent'^r, n. one who dissents. 

iimrtenoB, dis-s^r-t&^shun, n. a discourse : 
treatise. [detriment. 

iiiMrriM, dis-ser'vis, n. injury; mischief;! 

fintrrioeaUe, dis-sdr'vis-^-bl, a. not service- 
able ; iniurious. 

timrar, dis-sev'^r, v.t. to part in two; 
sunder ; divide.— n. din«y«ruioe. 

iiMiinwe, dis^-dens, n. disagreement. 

liiiiinit, dissident, a. dissenting ; not agree- 
ing.— w. a dissenter. 

dnniilw, dis-simM-lar, a. unlike.— ti. dis- 
liular'itx, disnnul'itiide. 

iiniBiilttioB, dis-sim-yu-lS'shun, n. act of 
dissembling ; hypocrisy. 

tinifato, dis'i-pftt, v.t. to scatter ; squander. 
— i?.i. to spread and vanish ; waste away. 

fariMtod, dis'i-pftt-ed, a. dissolute ; loose in 
life. [solute course of life. I 

, dis-i-pft'shun, n. dispersion ; dis-| 
, dis-89'si-at, -sn'shi-^t, v.t. to dis- 
unite ; separate.— w. diis«eia'iioiL 

wmliMt, dis'9-lyu-bl, a. that may be dis- 

iimint e , dis'o-ltlt, a. licentious ; loose in 
morals.— oaf. dissolntely.— ». diitolntenesi. 

ii t li titn, dis-^lll'shun, n. act of dissolv- 
ing ; death. 

diiMlTaUe, di-zolv'^-bl, a. that may be dis- 

diseolve, di-zolv', v.t. and v.i. to break up ; 
loose ; melt. 

dis8oly«iit, di-zolv'ent, a. capable of dissolv- 
ing.-/?, that which can Oissolve. 

dissonuiee, dis'^-n^ns, n. discord.— a. dis- 
•onant. [deter by advice or persuasion. I 

dissnade, di-sw&d', v.t. to advise against ; to| 

difiouion, di-swS'zhun, n. act of dissuading ; 
advice against anything. 

dissnuive, di-gwa'ziv, a. tending to dissuade. 

disiyllable, dis-sil'a-bl, n. word of two syl- 
lables—a. diisyllab'ie. [etc., in spinning. I 

dittaff; dis'taf, n. staff which holds the flax,| 

diitanoe, dis't^ns, n. space between ; remote- 
ness ; reserve.— r./. to leave behind. 

distant, dis't^nt, a. remote ; far ; indistinct : 
reserved. [diataateftU. 

distaste, dis-tftst', n. disrelish ; dislike.— a.l 

distemper, dis-tem'p^r, n. a morbid state of 
body ; disease.— t?./. to affect with disease 
disturb. {\n water-colors. 

distemper, dis-tem'p^r, n. kind of painting 

distemperttnre, diB-tem'per-^tviir, n. state ol 
being distempered or disoraered. 

distend, dis-tend^ v.t. and v.i. to stretch 
apart ; swell. 

distension, -tion, dis-ten'shun, n. act of dis- 
tending ; state of being distended. 

distieh, ais'tik, n. a pair of poetic lines ; 

distil, dis-til', v.i. to fall in drops ; flow 
gently ; use a still.— i?.<. to let fall in 
drops ; vaporize and condense ; extract 
spirit by evaporation and condensation. 

distillation, dis-til-il'shun, n. process of dis- 

distiller, dis-til'|?r, n. one who distils. 

distillery, dis-til'^-ri, n. place where distil- 
ling 18 done. 

distinet, dis-tingkt', a. separate; well-de- 
fined ; different.— <ir (/v. distinetly.— n. dis- 
tinetness. [superior rank. I 

distinction, dis-tingk'shun, w. difference ;| 

distinctive, dis-tingkt'iv, a. marking distinc- 
tion.— arft;. distmetiyely. 

distinguish, dis-ting'gwish, v.t. to note the 
difference between ; discern ; make con- 
spicuous.— r.i. to make distinction. 

distinguishable, dis-ting'gwish-^bl, a. that 
may be distinguished. [celebrated.! 

distingnished, dis-ting^gwisht, a. eminent ;| 

distwt^ dis-tOrt^ v.t. to twist out of shape or 
direction ; pervert. 

distortion, dis-tOr'shun, n. act of distorting ; 
a writhing ; crookedness ; perversion. 

distract, dis-trakt', v.t. to confuse ; perplex; 
harass; craze. 

<ftae ; tise, rflle, pfill, up ; oil, out ; thin, thB ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chipj az(zh)ure. 

Digitized by LjOOQiC 




dutnetioii, die-trak'shun, n. act of distract- 
ing ; confusion ; agitation ; madness. 

diftrtin, dis-tran\ v.t. to seize property for 
debt. Ifordebt.l 

diitrftint, dis-trftnt^ n. seizure of property) 

diftreu, dia-tres^ n. suffering, or its cause ; 
misfortune; distraint, — t?.^ to afflict; 
grieve ; tiarass : distrain. 

dinribnto. dis-trib'yfit, v.t. to divide among 
several ; allot ; deal out.— w. dittribn'tion. 

diltribntive, dis-trib'yut-iv, a. that distributes 
or allots. 

diitriet, dis'trikt, n. a portion of territory ; 
region.— v.t. to divide into districts. 

distrust, diB-trust^ n. want of trust ; sus- 
picion ; doubt. — v.t. to have no confidence 
m ; suspect.— a. distrostfbl. . 

disturb, disturb', v.t. to agitate ; put into 
motion ; displace ; interrupt. 

disturbaase, dis-turb'^ns, n. agitation ; tu- 
mult ; interruption. 

disunion, dis-tln'yun, n. want or breaking up 
of union or concord. [sever. I 

disnnits, dis-yu-nit', v.t. to separate; sunder;! 

disnsa, dis-tlz', v.t. to cease to use. 

disuse, dis-tis', n. cessation of use or custom. 

ditsh, dich, n. a trench in the ground.— r.^ 
to make ditches in. [do.) I 

ditto, dit'O, n. the same as before (contracteal 

ditty, dlt'i, n. a song. 

dioretie, dl-ya-ret'ik, a. having the tendency 
to promote the excretion of urine.— n. a 
diuretic medicine. 

dinmaL dl-ur'n^, a. daily. 

divan, di-vftn% n. Oriental council, or coun- 
cil-chamber ; low sofa. 

diTuioate, dl-var'ik-at, v.t. to spread asunder. 
—v.i. to fork. [deep ; go under or into, I 

dive, div, v.i. to plunge under water • go I 

diver, dlv'^r, n. one who dives ; kind of 

diverge, di-verj', v.i. to turn apart ; tend in 
different ways from one point. 

divergence, di-vSrj'ens, dl-, n. act of diverg- 
ing,— a. divergent. 

divers, dl'v^rz, a. several ; sundry. 

diverse, di-vSrs', dl'v^rs, a. different ; unlike; 
various.— adv. diversely.— n. diversity. 

diversify, di-ver'si-fl. v.t. to make diverse ; 
vary ; give variety to.— n. diversiflea'tion. 

diversion, di-v6r'shun, n. that which diverts ; 
a turning aside ; amusement ; something 
which draws off the attention. 

divert, di-yhrt'v.t. to turn aside ; change the 
direction of ; draw off the attention ; 

divest, di-vest', v.t. to strip or deprive. 

divide, di-vid', v.t. to part asunder ; separate 
into parts.— v.i. to part or open. 

dividend, div'i-dend. n. number or sum to be 
divided ; share of a sum divided. 

divider, di-vld'^r, n. one who, or that which, 
divides. [measuring. 

dividers, di-vld'^rz, compasses for 

divination, div-i-nft'shun, n. art or practice ol 
divining ; prediction. 

divine, di-vin', a. pertaining to God or a 
deity ; sacred. — n. a theologian. — v.t. and 
v.i. to foresee or foretell the future ; have 
supernatural insight into ; find out. 

divinely, di-vIn'M, adv. in a divine or ad- 
mirable manner ; by divine inilaence. 

diving-bell, div'ing-bel, n. hollow vessel m 
which persons go under water. 

divinity, di-vin'i-li, n. godhead ; God ; a 
deity ; theology. [—n. divisiba'ity.| 

divisible, di-viz'i-bl, a. that may be divided,] 

division, di-vizh'un, n. act of dividing ; state 
of being divided ; partition ; separate 
part ; difference ; dissension. [another. I 

divisor, di-vlz'pr, n. number which divides! 

divoreiL di-vOrs', n. legal separation of hus- 
band and wife ; separation. — v.t. to sunder 
husband and wife ; to separate. 

divulge, di-vulj', v.t. to make public ; reveal. 

dissy, uiz'i, a. giddy ; causing giddiness.— n. 

do, ddb, v.t. to act ; perform • effect ; fiQish. 
—v.i. to act ; be about • fare ; succeed ; 
answer a purpose.— p. <. did.— ?>.p. done. 

doeile. dos'il, a. easily taught or managed.— 

deek, dok, n. a coarse large-leaved weed. 

doek, dok, v.t. to cut short ; curtail. 

deek, dok, n. artificial basin for ships.— r./. 
to place in a dock. 

dooket, dok'et, n. a summary ; label ; file of 
papers ; list of cases in court. — ».<. to enter 
on a docket ; label with titles. [dock.| 

dook-yard, dok'yftrd, n. yard adjoining a! 

doctor, dok't^r, n. one who has received the 
highest degree of a university ; a physician. 

doctor, dok'tor, v.t. to treat medically ; repair. 

doctorate, dok'tpr-^it, n. a doctor's dfegree. 

doctrine, dok'trin, n. something taught; 
tenet,— a. doctrinal 

document, dok'yu-ment, n. written evidence 
or information. — a. document's!, doeumint'- 
ary. [twelve equal sides.! 

dodecagon, dO-dek'^g^n, n. plane figure ofl 

dodecanedron, dO-dek-^hS'drpn, n. solid of 
twelve equal faces. 

dodge, doj, v.t. to evade by sudden motion.— 
v.i. to start aside ; evade ; elude. — n. eva- 
sion ; trick. [pigeon family,! 

dodo, dO'dO, n. a large extinct bird of the| 

doe, do, n. female of the deer. 

doer, ddb'^r, n. one who does or performs. 

ace, air, add, arm, ftsk, all, vis^'e ; PgvCre, ebb, h6r, mak^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, 611, 

d by Google 

Digitized b 





duz, 3d ^rs. sing. pree. ind. of do. 
dO'skin, n. twilled cloth. 

[hat. I 


ii^ d6f, v.t. to take off.— ».i. to remove the| 

iig, ddg, n. a domestic quadruped ; andiron. 
—v.t. to follow continually. 

iig-eaii, dOg^k^rt, n. a two- 
wheeled one-horse vehicle 
bavins two seats back 
to bacK. 

days of Au- 
gust when 
the dog-star rises and 
gets with the sun. 

ilea, doj, n. the former 
chief niagistrate of Venice and of Genoa. 

dtf-flsh, ddg'fish, n. kind of small shark. 

Iinei, dOg'ed, a. sullen ; obstinate.— atfi;. 
uggMly.— n. doffgedness. [verses. I 

ioggtreL dog'^r-el, n. worthless or low| 

i«gma, aog'mft, n. a settled opinion ; tenet ; 
article of doctrine. 

dogmaAie, dognuttlMl, dog-mat'ik, -^1, a. per- 
taining to a dogma ; positive in assertion. 
—adv. dognuttiMUy. 

dagmatiim, dog'm^tizm, n. positive asser- 
tion of opinion. [tizes.l 

dogaatist, aog'm^tist, n. one who dogma- 1 

iocnatiae, -isa, dog'm^tlz, v.i. to pronounce 
dogmas ; assert dogmatically. 

iog-^ar, dOg'star, n. the bright star Sirius. 

iogwoed, ddg'wud, n. an American tree with 
very compact wood . [sert. I 

iiily, doi'li, n. a small napkin used at des-| 

ioiikgB, ddbingz, things done ; actions ; 

ittt, doit, n. a small Dutch coin ; trifle. 

We, dol, v.t. to deal out in small portions. 
— n. small share ; something given in 

ioItfU, dol'f ul, a. full of grief ; sad ; lament- 

lall, dol, n. a pup- 
pet for a child. 

doUir, doP^, n. 
silver coin of the 
United States, 
worth 100 cents. 

n. a white crys- 
talline rock. 

a. i)ainf nl ; af- 
flicting; sad. 

Wihm, dol'fln, n. 
an animal of the 
whale kind ; 
large fish. 

dolt, dolt, n. a stupid fellow. — a. doltish. 

domain, do-mfin', n. territory ; estate. 

dome, dom, n. a large building ; hemispheri- 
cal roof ; cupola. 

domeatie, dO-mes'tik, a. belonging to the 
house ; tame ; not foreign.— «. a house-ser- 
vant.— oc^v. domeatioally.— n. domeatio'ity. 

domestioate, dO-mes'ti-k3t, v.t. to make do- 
mestic ; tame.— n. domestioa'tion. 

domicile, -dl, dom'i-sil, n. a house ; abode.— 
a. domieil'iary. 

domieile, dom'i-sil, domiciliate, -siFi-St, v.t. to 
establish in a domicile. [home. I 

domiciliate, dom-i-sil'i-fit, v.t. to settle in u| 

dominant, dom^i-n^nt. a. ruling ; command- 
ing.— n. in music^ tne fifth note above the 

dominate, dom'i-nSt, v.t. to rule. 

domination, dom-i-n&'shun, n. rule ; author- 
ity ; tyranny. [arrogantly. I 

domineer. dom-i-nSr', v.i. to rule or overbear! 

dominioal, d^-min'ik-^l, a. relating to the 
Lord, or the Lord's day. 

dominican, d^-min'i-kan, n. one of an order 
of friars. 

dominion, d^-min'yun, n, lordship ; sover- 
eignty ; the country governed ; region. 

domino, dom'i-no, n. hooded cloak worn as a 
disguise ; oblong piece of ivory, etc., used 
in a game. [to Sir. I 

Don, don, n. a Spanish title, corresponding! 

don, don, v.t. to put on. 

donation, dO-na'shun, n. act of giving ; gift. 

donative, dOn'^rtiv, don'-, 71. gift ; largess. 

done, dun, p.p. of do. 

donkey, dong'ki, n. an ass. 

donor, dO'npr, n. one who gives. 

doom, ddbm, n. judgment ; condemnation ; 
destiny ; rmn.—v.t. to sentence ; con- 

doomaday, ddbmz'da, n. day of judgment. 

door^ dOr, n. entrance into a house or room ; 
hinged frame that closes it. 

Dotio, aO'rik, dorMk, a. pertaining to Doris in 
Greece, or its dialect ; denoting an order 
in architecture. 

dormant, dCr'm^nt, a. sleeping ; resting ; not 
in use.— w. dormancy. 

dormer, dOr'm^r. n. upright 
window in a sloping roof. ' 

dormitory, dCr'mi-t^-ri, n. 

!)lace or room for sleeping 
dormouse, dOr'mous, n. a small _^:J^ 
gnawing animal which is :==^ = — 
torpid m winter.— »/. dor- 
mice. Dormer. 
dory, do'ri, n. a fish ; a small boat, 
dorsal, ddr's^, a. pertaining to the back. 

«ft>ze ; flse, rfile, pull, up ; oil, out ; 

thin, th^ ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

J by Google 

Digitized b 



dtM, dOfl, n. gaantity of medicine given at 
once ; portion ; anything disagreeable.— 
v.t. t9 give a dose to. 

doit, dust, 2d perg. sing. pres. ind. of do. 

dot, dot, n. a point ; specie ; small mark.— 
v.t. to mark with dots. 

dotefo, dOt'^jf n. imbecility of old age. 

dotui, dot'^f n. one who dotes or is in his 

doU, dot, v.t. to be silly, esp. from old age ; 
to love to excess. 

doth, duth, old 3d pers. sing. pres. ind. of do. 

donUo, dubM, a. twofold ; in pairs ; insin- 
cere.— d.^ to multiply by two ; fold : |)ass 
ronnd, as a cape. [duplicity.! 

donUo-dMliBC, dub'l-dfil'ing, n. insincerity ;| 

doublet, dub'T^t n. a pair ; outer garment 
coat. [worth about sixteen dollars. 

donUooa, dab-ldbn^ n. a Spanish gold coin, 

draMk doat, vA. to waver in opinion ; be un- 
certain.— v.^. to distrust ; hesitate to be- 
lieve.— ». uncertainty ; distrust 

donbtftU, dout'f&l, a. undetermined ; uncer- 
tain ; suspicious ; unsafe.— atfv. doaU- 
ftiUy. [certainly.! 

donHlMf, doubles, adv. without doubt ;| 

donotw, ddb-sur', n. a gift ; bribe. 

donelio, ddbsh, n. a shower-bath. 

dovfh, do, n. unbaked 
paste of bread.— a. 

loiiflity, doutM, 

dovf hi . , 

strong ; valiant. 

dout, dous, v.t. and «.i. 
to plunge into water. 

dove, duv, n. a pigeon, 
or bird of the pigeon 

devo-eot, duv'kot, I^o^«- 

doTO-eete, duv'kot, n. box or house for 

dfTotail, duv'tal, n. triangu- 
lar or fan-shaped mor- 
tise and tenon. — v.t. to 
join by dove-tails ; fit to- 

dovactr, dou'^-j^r, n. a 
widow with a dower. 

dowdy, dou'di, a. ill-dressed . 
slatternly.— n. an ill-dressed or slatternly 

dowel, dou'el, v.t. to join by 
wooden pins. — n. a wooden 
pin for joining. 

dowtr, dou'^r, n. property 
which a woman brings to 
her husband at marriage ; 
widow's interest in her hus- 
band's estate. Dowel. 



down, doun, n. soft feathers or fine hiiir. 

down, doun, n. bank of sand thrown up by 
the Be&.—pl. tract of undulating land. 

down, doun, adv. in a descending direction ; 
on the ground ; below the horizon.— prp. 
along a descent. 

dowBOMt, doun'kast, a. cast down ; dejected. 

dewnlUl, doun'fal, n. fall ; ruin. 

downhearted, doun'h&rt-ed, a. dejected ; des- 
pondent, [a descending direction. | 

downhill, doun'hil, a. descending. — adv. in| 

downright, doun^rlt, a. plain ; blunt ; 

adv. plainly ; truly, 
downward, doun'w^rd, adv. in ' 

did ; sincere. 

iwnward, doun'w^rd,"arfr. In a descendini 

direction. [down ; like down, 

downy, doun'i, a. coverea with, or made of 
dowry, dou'rl, see dower. [of praise, 

dozoloffy, dokB-ol'9-ji, n. a hymn or form 
dose, dOz, t.i. to sleep lightly or brokenly. 

— n. light or broken sleep. [of twelve, 
donn, duz'n, a. twelve.— n. an assemblage 
drak, drab, n. a low woman. [drab color, 
drab, drab, a. a grayish brown color.— «. a 
drabble, drab'l, v.t. to wet with dirty water. 
draehBL dram, n. the eighth of an ounce, 

apotnecaries' weight, or one-sixteenth of 

an ounce avoirdupois. 
dra£ dqjf , n. dregs ; refuse, 
draf^ dr^t, n. anything drawn ; a drawing ; 

sketch or plan ; order for money ; troops 

drawn from an army, or from the people ; 

floating depth of a snip.— v.^. to make a 

draft of ; detach, 
draltaman, dr§fts'm^n, see drauhtman. 
draff, drag, v.f. to pull with force or with 

difficult ; draw along: search with a 

drag-net— t'.i. to be drawn along the 

ground ; trail ; move with diflicuity or 

draff, drag, n. net or book dragged over the 

bottom of water ; sledge ; contrivance for 

checking the motion of a vehicle; obstacle 

or impeaiment. [dragging on the ground.! 
draggle, drag'l, v.t. to make wet and dirty by| 
draff-net, drag'net, n. a net dragged over the 

bottom of water, 
draffonum, drag'^-n^m, n. an interpreter, 
dragon, drag'pn, n. a 

fabulous winged 

serpent ; flying 

dragon-fly, drag'pn- 

fli, n. an insect 

with four wings 

and long, slender 

d™dr»-gdbn'.«. I"-?«"°- 

a Kind of cavalry soldier.— «.<. to give up to 
the rage of soldiers ; compel by violence. 

qm, n. an interpreter. 

ace, §ir, add, arm, ask, all, visage ; sevCre, ebb, her, mak^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, Off, 

d by Google 

Digitized b 



drain, drftn, v.i. to flow oflf gradually.— 1>./. 
to draw off gradually ; dry by draining ; 
exhaust.— n. a channel for water. 

kuoMg^y drftn'^jf n. a draining ; fluid 
drained off. 

inkt, drftk, n. the male of the duck. 

iraoL dram, n. same as diMhm ; a drink of 

izama, dr&'mft, dram'A, n. a series of inter- 
esting events ; theatrical composition ; 
dramatic literature. 

dranutlk, -al, dr^^mat'ik, -^1, a. like, or per- 
taining to the drama ; theatrical. 

iiaB«tiaC dram'^tist, n. a writer of dramas 
or plays. 

ixamKise. -isa, dram'^tlz, v.i. to represent 
in the form of a drama or play. 

inak, drangk, p.t. of drink. [^''y| 

in9%y drftp, v.t. to cover or hang with arap-| 

draftr, drftp'^r, n. one who deals in cloth. 

dz4«r7, drftp'^ri, n. cloth goods; flowing 
garments; hangings. 

drMtia, dras'tik, a. powerful ; active ; 
eearching.— n. a strong purgative. 

dnwcht, drftft, n. act of drawing; force 
needed to draw ; quantity drunk at once ; 
outline; sketch: current of air ; depth to 
which a ship sinks in water. 

inMgkU, dmfts, n. game played with pieces 
on a cneckered board. 

draaghtfinM, drftfts'm^n, n. one who draws 
or makes draughts. 

draw, drft. v.t. to pull ; entice ; inhale ; de- 
duce; delineate; write, as an order for 
money ; require a depth of water for 
floatine.— t?.i. to move or approach ; write 
an or^r for money ; practise drawing.— 
n. movable part of a bridge. 

drtwiaak, drft'bak, n. hindrance; loss of 
advantage ; duty returned on goods. 


whom a bill is drawn. 

Irawv, drft'^r, n. one who draws a bill ; a 
sliding hox.—pl. under-garment for the 
legs. [delineating.! 

irainnff, dr&'ing, n. a delineation ; art of | 

drawing-raom, drft'ing-rdbm, n. a room for 

IrawL drfti, v.t. and v.i. to speak in a slow, 
prolongea tone.— n. slow, prolonged ut- 

drawn, dr&n, p.p. of draw. 

dray, arft, n. a low strong cart on wheels. 

dreM, dred, n. great fear ; awe. — a. inspiring 
fear. — v.t. to fear greatly. 

dreadfU, dred'ful, a. inspiring dread ; terri- 
ble.— a(2v. dreaoftilly.— ». dreadftilness. 

dream, dr6m, n. thou/^hts and fancies in 
sleep ; anything visionary.^.i. to fancy 
in sleep.—/)./, and p.p. dreamed or dreamt 

dreamt, dremt, p.t. and p.p.of dream. 

dreamy, drem'i, a. full of dreams ; vision- 
ary • dreamlike. 

drear, dreary, drCr, -i, a. cheerless ; gloomy.— 
adv. dreuily. — n. dreariness. 

dredge, drej, n. an instrument for taking up 
oysters, etc. ; machine for taking up mud 
— v.t. to take up or deepen with a dredge. 

dredge, drej, v.t. to sprinkle, as flour, wim a 

dredger, dreV^r, dredging-boz, drejMng-boks, 
n. box with perforated top for sprinkling 
flour. [dregginesB.! 

dreggy, dreg'i, a. containing dregs.— n.| 
" ;z, lees ; refuse ; vilest part. 

drenen, drench, v.t. to wet thorouehlv ; give 
a potion to.— n. a draught ; meaicinal po- 

dress, dres, v.t. to put in order; clothe; 
deck; cook; make healing applications 
to a wound or sore.— n. clothing ; woman's 
gown. [shelves. I 

drMser, dnes'^r, n. kitchen table or set of | 

dresiing, dressing, n. anything used to dress ; 
manure, etc., applied to land ; healing 
application to a sore. 

dreiST, dres'i, a. fond of dress ; showy. 

driUue, drib'l, v.i. to fall in dropB.—v.t. to 
let rail in drops. 

driUet, drib'let, n. very small quantity. 

drift, drift, n. heap of matter driven to- 

f [ether, as snow or sand ; direction ; mean- 
ns.—v.t. to drive together or along.— t?.i. 
to DC driven into heaps or along. 
drill, dril, n. a tool for boring ; military ex- 
ercise; small furrows for seed.— r./. to 
bore ; exercise, as soldiers, or thoroughly: 
sow in drills. [cloth, 

drilling, drilling, n. coarse linen or cotton | 
drink, dringk. v.t. to swallow, as a liquid.— 
v.i. to swallow a liquid ; take intoxicating 
liqnorshabitually.—».^ drank. —p.p. dnmk. 
— n. something to oe drunk ; beverage : 
liquor. [drops. 

drip, drip, v.t. and v.i. to let fall, or fall, in| 
dripping, dripMng, n. fat that drips from 

roasting meat. 
drip-itone, drip'stOn, n. projecting ridge 
above a window, to turn off the rain. 

(Ise, r^e, poll, up ; oil, out ; thin, ihS ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; c^p, az(zh)ure. 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 




diive^ driv, v.t. to force along, or in ; urge ; 
guide, as horses in a carriage.— t;.i. to 
rush on ; be forced along ; go in a car- 
riage ; tend towards.— p.<. drove.— 2?./?. 
driven.— n. excursion in a carriage. 

drivel, driv'l, vA. to slaver ; be foolish.— n. 
slaver ; idiotic nonsense. 

driveller, driveler, driv'I^r, n. a simpleton. 

driven, driv'n, p.p. of drive. 

driver, drlv'er, n. one who drives, esp. horses. 

drisile, driz'l, v.i. to rain in small arops.— n. 
fine rain, —fi. driulT- 

drtU, (ifOl a. ixkl ; amuKini; ; fiicctJoiiF — 
tjfir drollj. 

drsUfliT. (Irol'pr-t, 

dmoedur, tlnim' i,'- 
d^i rl^ n, thi' Argi- 
ls [fill , or ffingU^' 
biiiiitMAJl ciiinri, 

drone,, druEi, tlie male 
btiii ; Jiti idUB fv\- 
kjw, —i.\i. lo mKkc 
a deep humming Dromedary, 
sound. ^ 

droop, drdbp, v.i. to hang the head ; pine ; 

drop, drop, n. a globule of liquid ; anything 
hanging like a drop.— 17.<. to let fall in 
drops ; to let fall.— ??.i. to fall in drops ; 
fall suddenly ; come to an end. 

drop-letter, drop'let'^r, n. a letter to be de- 
livered in the town or city in which it is 
posted. [affected with, dropsy. 

dropsieal, drop'sik-^l, a. pertaining to, or 

dropsy, drop'si, n. unnatural collection ol 
water in the body. [refuse.— «. droM7. 

drosa, dros, n. scum from melted metai; 

droncht, drout, drouth, drouth, n. want ol 
ram or water ; thirst.— a. droughty. 

drove, drOv, p.t. of drive.— n. number of cat- 
tle, etc., driven. 

drover, drOv'^r, n. one who drives cattle. 

drown, droun, v.t. to kill by placing under 
water ; to overflow ; overpower. — v.i. to 
be suffocated in water. [doze. I 

drowM, drouz,i?.i. to grow heavy with sleep ;| 

drowsy, drou'zi, a. sleepy ; dull. — adv. 
drowsily.— n. drowsiness. 

drub, druD, v.t. to beat soundly. 

drulwing, drub'ing, n. a beating. 

drudge, druj, v.i. to work hard ; do mean 
work.- n. one who works excessively ; a 
menial servant. 

drudgery, druj'^r-i, n. hard or mean labor. 

drug, drug, n. substance used in medicine ; 
article not in demand.— t;.^ to administer 
drugs to ; mix drugs with. 


drugget, drug'et, n. coarse woollen cloth. 

dmggisi, drug'ist, n. a dealer in dro^s. 

druiC drfl'id, n. ancient Celtic priest.— 

drum, drum, n. musical instru- 
ment of percussion ; t y m - 
panum of the ear ; revolving 
cylinder.- v.i. to beat a drum. 

drum-major, drum-m&'jpr, n. \ 
chief of a military band. 

drummer, drum'^r, n. one who 
beats a drum ; travelling sales- 
man, [drum : leg of a fowl., 

drumstiek, dmm'stik, n. stick for beating a| 

drunk, drungk, p.p. of drink.— a. intoxi- 
cated, [dronkenness.! 

drunkard, drungk'^rd, n. one addicted to| 

drunken, drungk'n, a. intoxicated ; given to 

drunkenness, drungk'n-nes, n. intoxication ; 
habitual intemperance. 

dry, dri, a. without moisture ; without rain ; 
not giving milk ; uninteresting ; precise ; 
sarca8tic.—a<it;.— dryly.— n. dryness.— v.^ 
to make dry.— ^.i. to oiBcome di7. 

dryad, drl'^, n. a wood-nymph. 

dry-goods, drl'gfidz, clotns, < 

dry-rot, drl'rot, n. decay of timber caused 

dudL dH'fi, a. consisting of two. 
duality, dfl-al'i-ti, n. state of being two. 
dub, dub, v.^. to confer knighthocKl on ; give 

t* title to. [ously.— /I. dubiousness, i 

dubious, dfl'bi-us, a. doubtful.— ad». duU-| 
dueal, dtlk'^1, a. pertaining to a duke, 
dueat, duk'^t, n. a European coin, 
duekess, duch'es, n. wife of a duke; lady 

who possesses a duchy, 
dueky, duch'i, w. territory of a duke, 
duek. dnk, n. a kind of canvas, 
duek, duk. n. a 

water-fowl. — v.t. 

to plunge under 

water ; drench. 

—v.i. to nod or 

stoop suddenly. 
dueking, duk'ing, 

n. immersion ; 

duet, dukt, n. tube 

conveying fluid, 
ductile, duk'til, n. easily led ; capable of 

being drawn into filaments.— n. duetO'itj. 
dudgeon, dui'un, n. grudge : resentment ; 

due, dfl, a. owed ; proper.— adt>. exactl^r.— 

n. that which is owed, or one has a right 

to ; fee ; perquisite.— adt;. duly, 
duel, dfl'el, n, combat between two persons. 


ace, air, add, firm, ftsk, &11, visage ; sgvCre, ebb, h6r, mflk^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, Off, 

d by Google 

Digitized b 




[hand at cards. 

iotUing, dtl'el-ing, n. practice of fighting in 

Iidliit, dfl'el-ist, n. one who fights in daels. 
iosnna, dfl-en'^, n. an old lady who acts as 

guaraian to a younger. [formers. I 

tark, dtl-et', w. piece of music for two per-| 
dsff, dug, p.t. and p.p. of dig. 
iu, dug, n. a teat, esp. of a beast. 
ioie, dOk, n. a nobleman of the highest 

nnk.—fem. dnoheH.— a. dnoal. [a duke. I 
dukedom, dflk'dpm, n. rank or territories of | 
dnloet, (luPset. a. sweet ; harmonious, 
doldmer, dul'si-ra^r, n. musical instrument 

of wires, struck with rods. 
dolL dui, a. stupid ; slow ; spiritless ; dim ; 

blunt.— ofi???. dnl'ly.— n. mhktu.—v.t. to 

make dull.— r.t. to become dull. 
dullard, dul'^rd, n. a stupid person, 
duly, dfl'li, adv. fitly ; properly, [duntaeu. 
diniD, dura, a. mute ; unable to speak.— n. 
dimb-b«ll, dum'bel, n. 

weight swung in the 

hands for exercise. 
dimV-ihow, dum^sho, n. 

gesture without speech. 
dvmfmukd, dum'f ound', v.i. 

to confound ; stupefy 

with surprise, 
dummy, dum'i, n. a silent person ; e:nK>sed[ 
dump, dump, v.t. to empty out, as from a 

cart, etc.— n. placewhere loads are emptied. 
dimpidi, dumpish, a. low-spirited ; moping. 
dampUng, dump'ling, ;;. kind of pudding 

lump of dough. [humor. 

dompt, dumps, lowness of spirits ; ill-| 
dvmpT, dump'!, a. short and thick. 
doB, dun, a. of a dark color ; brownish. — n. 

a dun color. 
doB, dun, n. an importunate creditor ; de- 
mand for payment. — v.t. to press for pay- 
dvBfle, duns, n. a blockhead ; stupid person, 
done, dfln, n. low sand-hill on the coast. 
dang, dung, n. excrement of animals ; man- 
ure.— r.F. to manure with dung. 
dngMm, dun'jun, n. a close prison. 
dM, dtl'O. n. a song for two voices ; duet. 
dafldecimai, dtl-9-desi-m^l, a. computed by 

tw'clves ; twelfth. 
dn«dMimo. dfl-9-desi-mO, a. having twelve 

leaves to the sheet.—;/, a book so made. 
dnve, dtlp, n. one easily deceived ; one who 

18 deceived. — v.t. to deceive. 
dnliMte, dfl'pli-kSt, v.t. to double ; make a 

Quplicate of.—n. dnpliMi'tion. 
dniUoite, dfl'pli-k^t, n. another like the first ; 

copy.— a. twofold, 
dapunty, dfl-plis'i-ti, n. doubleness of heart 

or speech ; insincerity ; deceit. 

durable, dfir'a-bl, ;;. able to last; enduring. — 
n. ionM'nj. 

dnranee, ddr'ans, n. imprisonment; restraint. 

duration, dfi-rS'shun, n. continuance in time ; 
time indefinitely. 

doress, dtlr'es, n. constraint ; imprisonment. 

during, dflr'ing, prn. for the time of. 

durst, durst, p.t. or dare. 

dusk, dusk, a. darkish.- 7/. twilight. 

dusky, dusk'i, a. dark ; gloomy. 

dui, dust, n. very fine particles of any sub- 
stance ; earth, — v.t. to free from dust ; to 
sprinkle with dust. [dust. I 

dusty, dnst'i, a. like dust; sprinkled with| 

Doteli, duch, a. belonging to Holland or its 
people.— w. the language of Hollanders.— people of Holland. 

dnteou, dfl'te-us, a. devoted to duty ; obe- 
dient— n. anteoiuneM. [for duty. I 

dutiable, dfl'ti-^-bl, a. liable to be assessed! 

dntiM, dfl'ti-fnl, a. attentive to duty ; obe- 
dient ; respectful.— n. dntiAdnoM. 

duty, dfl'ti, n. what one is bound to do ; 
obedience ; service ; tax on goods. 

dwart dw&rf , n. an animal or plant less than 
the ordinary size ; diminutive human be- 
ing.— 1;.<. to hinder from growing ; make 
small.— a. dwarflsk.— n. dwarfisknesi. 

dwell, dwel, v.i. to linger ; inhabit ; reside.— 
p.t. and p.p. dwelled^or dwelt. [tlon.l 

dwelling, dweFing, n. continuance ; habita-| 

dwindle, dwln'dl, v.i. to become less ; waste ; 

dye, dij v.t. to color; stain.— w. color ; stain ; 
coloring snhBt&nce.—pres.j). dyeing.— p.<. 
and p.p. dyed. 

dyeing, dl'ing, n. art or trade of coloring 
cloth, etc, 

dyer, dl'^r, n. one who dyes cloths, etc. 

dye-stnlb, dl'stufs, coloring materials 
used in dyeing. 

dying, dl'ing, pres.p. of die.— a. pertaining 
to, or occurring at, death. 

dynamie, dynamieal di-nam'ik, -^, a. relating 
to force or its effects. 

dynamies, di-nam'iks, n. science of force pro- 
ducing motion. 

dynamite, din'^-mlt, dl'-, n. an explosive 
preparation of nitro-glycerine. 

djiiamiter, din'^-mlt-^r, dl'-, n. one who 
uses dynamite for the destruction of life 
or property. 

dynamo, din'^-mO, dl'-, n. machine for gen- 
erating an electric current. (Contracted 
from ''dynamo-electric machine.") 

dynasty, din'^-tl, dl'-, n. succession of sov- 
ereigns of one family. — a. dynaet'ie. 

dysentery, dis'en-ter-i, n. disease of the lower 
bowels.— a. dytenter'ie. 

<ft)ze; tise, rfile, pull, up; oil, out 

thin, thQ ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 




dyipepuk diB-pep'si-ft, dyvpepiy, dis-pep'ei, 
n. difficult or imperfect digestion ; in- 

dyipeptic, dis-pep'tilc, a. afflicted with, or 
pertaining to, dyspepsia. — u. a dyspeptic 

1, e, 6, tlie fifth letter of the alphabet ; as a 
contraction, E. stands for East. 

todi, ech, a. every one separately. 

•agar, e'g^r. a. keenly desirous; ardent.— 
adv. •agtriy.— n. eagtnuM. 

•agle, 6'gl, n. a large bird of 

grey : gold coin of the U. 
., of the value of 10 dol- 
lars, [eagle.! 

•agltt, fi'glet, n. a young| 

6tr, 6r, n. the organ of hear- 
ing ; hearing ; attention. 

6tr. Sr, n. a spuce of corn. 

atrl, 6rl, n. nobleman rank- 
ing next below a marquis. 
—fern, wmnteai. 

atrldom, 6rl'dom, n. rank or 
dominion of an earl. 

early, dr'li, a. and adv. in 
good time ; soon ; at the 


begin nil 

inning of the day or period. — n. 

6tr-m»k, er'mark, n. distinguishing mark 
on the ear of an animal ; mark of identi- 

MTD, em, v.t. to gain or deserve by labor. 

earnest, er'nest, a. determined ; eager ; in- 
tent ; sincere.— at/t;. earnestly.- n. eamett- 
neu.— n. seriousness ; reality. 

earnest, Sr'nest, n. a pledge ; token. 

eamingi, dm'ingz, n.jd. what one has earned. 

ear-ring, Sr'ring, n. ring worn in the ear. 

ear-ihot, Sr'shot, n. range of hearing. 

ewth, 6rth, n. soil ; dry land ; the world. 

earthen, Srth'n, a. made of earth, or clay. 

earthly, ^rth'li, a. belonging to the earth ; 
not spiritual ; worldly.— n. earthliness. 

earthquake, erth'kwftk, n. a shaking or heav- 
ing of the ground. 

earthward, ^rth'w^rd, adv. toward the earth. 

earthwork, Srth'wurk, n. a fortification made 
of earth. [in the earth. I 

earthworm, ^rth'wurm, n. a WOTm that lives | 

earthy. 6rth'i, a. of, 
or like earth ; gross. 

ear-wax, Sr'waks, n. 
waxy substance 
formed in the ear. 


'-wig, er'wig, n. a 
imall insect. 


M, 6z, n. freedom from pain or disturb- 
ance ; rest ; facility. 

^ ez'l, n. frame to support a picture while 
painting. [lief.l 

eaeement, ez'mcnt, n. ease ; re-| 

east, fist, n. quarter of the heav- 
ens where the sun rises ; re- 
gion lying to the east.— <i. at 
or from the east.— a(2«.toward , 
the east. 

Easter, fist'^r, n. feast commem* 
orating Christ's resurrection. _ , 

easterly, Cst'^r-Ii, a. toward, or ^^^^ 
from, the east.— a«t». toward the east. 

eastern, Sst'^m, a. pertaining to the east. 

eastward. SstV^rd, adv. toward the east. 

ea^, e'zi, a. free from pain or anxiety ; not 
difficult ; not straitened ; not formal ; 
comfortable.— a«?t;. easily.— n. easinetf. 

eat, 6t, v.t. and v.i. to chew and swallow ; 
take food; consume; corrode.— p. t. ato. 
—p.p. eaten. [thing used as food. I 

eataole, et'^bl, a. fit to be eaten.— ». any-| 

eaves, evz, n.jA. projecting edges of a roof. 

eaves-dropper, 6vz'drop-^r, n. one who listens 
by stealth to private conversation. 

ebb, eb, v.i. to retire, as the tide ; decline.— 
n. retiring of the tide ; decline. 

ebb-tide, eb%d, n. the retiring Ude. 

ebon, eb'pn, a. black, like ebony. 

ebonite, eb'^n-Tt, n. a hard black prepara- 
tion of caoutchouc. 

eboniie, -ise. cb'pn-Iz, v.t. to cover, as wood, 
with a black, glossy surface. 

ebony, eb'p-ni, n. a hard, heavy, black wood. 

ebriety, e-brl'^-ti, n. drunkenness. 

ebnllinon, cb-ul-ish'un, n. act of boiling; 

jeart^, ft-k&r-tft' n. a game of cards. 

eoeentrie, ek-sen'trik, a. devi- 
ating from the centre ; not 
having the same centre ; 
odd ; queer.— arft>. eeeen- 
tiieally.-n. eeeentrie'ity.-<f 
n. a wheel whose axis is 
not in the centre ; an odd 

eeelesiastie, eeolesiastieal, ek- 
kie-zi-as'tik, -^1, a. pertain- 
ing to the church, priest- 
hood, or clergy. 
' ' "' ek-kie-zi-as'tic. 

, ... a priest or 

clergyman. [in overlapping ranks. | 

eehelon. esh'e-lon, n. arrangement of troopsi 
echo, ek'O. w. a sound reflected from, or re- 
peated by, some object— v.<. and v.i. to 
reverberate ; resound ; repeat, 
ielat, a-klft', n. a striking effect ; distinction ; 

ftce, §ir, add, arm, ftsk, ail, vis^e ; sgvere, ebb, hSr, mftk^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, 6ff, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 




£cllpse (of the 

' adietie, ek-lek'tik, a. selecting ; choosing. 

ceiaetiMim, ek-lek'ti<eizm, n. the practice of 
selecting from different systems. 

MlipM, e-Klips', 
n. obscura- 
tion of the 
light of a 
body ; dark- 
ness. — v.t. to 
intercept the 
light of: darken. [the sun. I 

ed^^, e-klip'tik, n. the apparent path of | 

•dflfM. eVlog, n. a pastoral poem. 

eMnomiM, -ise, §-kon^o-mTz, v.t. to use fru- 
gally.— t>.i. to practise economy.— n. eeono- 

Maunny. e-kon'9-mi, n. management ; frugal 
use of money, etc.; system of operations. 
—a. eeoBomi'Ml. 

mtasj, ek'st^si, n. transport ; extreme joy 
or pleasure.— fi. eettatie, eest«t'iMl. 

Nnmniioal, ek-yu-men'i-k^l, a. pertaining to 
the inhabited world ; general. 

•ddj, ed'i, n. circular motion of water ; 
whirlpool. — v.i. to move as in an eddy. 

adgc, ej, n. border ; brink ; sharp side ; cut- 
ting part.— 1;.<. to put an edge on.—v.i. to 
move sideways. 

•dgiBf , ej'ing, n. a border ; fringe. 

•dc»-{ool« e j 'tobl , w . a cutting tool . [edge. I 

linwiM. ej'wiz, adv. in the direction of me| 

mblby ed'i-bl, a. fit to be eaten. 

•iiet, 8'dikt, 72. a decree ; command. 

ediiUwtion, ea-i-fi-ka'shun, n. a building-up ; 
increase in virtue or wisdom. 

ed^toe, ed'i-fis, n. a large house, [wisdom. I 

eiify, ed'i-fl, v.t. to improve in virtue or| 

edit, ed'it, v.t. to prepare for publication. 

•difcua, Q-dish'un, n. number of copies of a 
book published at one time. (journal. I 

•ditor, ea'i-tor, n. one who edits a Dook or] 

editorul, ed-i-tO'ri-^l, a. pertaining to an edi- 
tor.— n. article written by the editor. 

adoeate, ed'yn-kfit, v.t. to cultivate the men- 
tal powers of ; to train. [a teacher. I 

ednesur, ed'yft-ka-tpr, n. one who educates ;| 

ednettiiHL ed-yfi-kS'shnn, n. cultivation of the 
ment^ powers ; training ; instruction. — a. 
edoMtionaL [tract.— n. edne'tioh. I 

tdoM, e-dHs', v.t. to lead or draw out ; ez-| 

Ml, 61, n. a fish in shape like a serpent. 

e'en, en, a contraction of even. 

e'«r, §r, a contraction of ever. 

tfkoe, ef-fSs^ v.t. to rub or blot out ; erase ; 
wear away.— n. eftooneni 

•iNt, ef-fekt'. n. something done ; result ; 
operation • impression.— />?. property.— u.^. 
to accomplish ; bring to pass. 

effeetiye, ef-fekt'iv, a. causing something; 
serviceable.— acft;. eftetiyely. 

•fliMtaal, ef-fekt'yu-^il, a. producing an effect ; 
successful.— arfv. effeonially. 

effeminate, ef-f em'i-nat, a. womanish ; soft ; 
luxurious ; unmanly*— ^i- effemixuwy. 

effnrveioe, ef-^r-ves', v.i. to bubble or froth 
up, as if boiling.— a. efferveioeni— ;?. effer- 
▼aieenee. [out.— n. effetentst.! 

effete, ef-ffit', a. exhausted ; barren • worn] 

effloMy, ef'fl-k^i-si, n. power to produce ef- 
fects ; virtue ; ener^.— «. efllea'eiou. 

eflleient ef-fish'entj a. effecting ; operative ; 
capable.— fi. eflleiency. 

efltgy, ef 'i-ji, n. image or likeness of a person. 

efflereMe, ef-fi^-res', v.i. to burst into bloom ; 
to fall into powder by exposure to the air, as 
some salts.— a. effloretoeni— n. eflloreMenoe. 

effluenee, ef'ln-ens, n. a flowing out. 

efllaent, ef'l&-ent, a. flowingout.—n. a stream 
that flows out of another or a lake. 

efflnviiuiL ef-fltl'vi-um, n. exhalation; odor, 
€8p. offensive.— p^. eflhiTia. 

eflBox, ef 'fluks, n. a flowing out. 

effort, ef '9rt. n. exertion ; attempt. 

effrontery, ei-frunt'9-ri, n. impudence. 

eihl^nee, ef-ful'jens, n. great splendor or 
brightness.— a. eflugent. 

•fltaao, ef-fflz', v.t. to pour forth. 

eftifion, ef-ffl'zhun, n. act of pouring forth ; 
that which is poured forth. 

efiuiyo, ef-fflz'iv, a. pouring forth ; gush- 
ing.— adv. elRuiyolT. 

eft, eft, n. a kind of lizard. 

•CS* eg> n- A body laid by birds and various 
other animals, from which the young is 

egg on, eg on, v.t. to instigate ; incite. 

egumtine, eg'l^n-tln, n. the wild rose ; sweet- 
brier, [vanity. I 

egotifm, eg'Q-tizm. €'-, n. self-importance ;| 

egotist, eg'9-tist, 6'-, n. a self-important per- 
son ; one full of self .—a. egotistie, egotbt'- 

egregioiu, g-grS'jus, n. remarkable \ extrava- 
gant.— adv. egrofionsly.— n. ogregionineM. 

egress, C'gres, n. act or power of 
going out ; place of exit. 

egxft, 8'gret, n. a white species 
of heron. 

Egyptiui, e-jip'sh^, a. 
pertaining to Egypt.— 
— n. a native of * 

ider-dnek, TMer-duk, 

n. a sea-fowi hav- 
ing very soft down. 

eider-down, I'd^r- 
doun, n. down of the eider-duck. 


tise, rflle, pull, up ; 

oil, out; thin, thB 

get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

Digitized byVjOOQlC 




eight, at, a. twice four. 

eighteen, St'Sn, a. eight and ten ; twice nine. 

eighth, atth, a. next after the seventh. — n. 
half of a fourth. 

eighthly, at'th-li, adv. in the eighth place. 

eighty, ftt'i, a. eight times ten ; fourscore. 

either, fi'/A^r, a. or pron. the one or the 
other ; one of two.— cwy. correlative to or. 

qaonlate, e-jak'yu-lat, v.t to utter suddenly ; 

qMnlation, e-jak-yu-la'shun, n. a sudden ut- 
terance ; exclamation.— a. ejM'nlatory. 

^wt, e-jekt', v.t. to cast out j expel. 

qeotion, e-jek'shun, n. expulsion ; discharge ; 
that wnich is ejected. 

qeetment, 6-Jekt'ment, n. expulsion ; action 
to recover possession of real estate. 

eke, 6k, v.t. to increase ; lengthen.— ae^v. 
also ; likewise. 

elaborate, fi-lab'9-rat, v.t. to produce with 
labor ; take pains with. 

elaborate, §-lab'9-r^t, a. wrought with great 
care; highly flnished.—orfi;. elaborately.— 
n. elaborauneas. [rating ; careful finish. I 

elaboration, e-lab-9-ra'shun, n. act of elabo-| 

elapse, e-Iaps'^ v.t. to pass away. 

elaitio, g-las'tik, a. spring ; having a tend- 
ency to return to the original form.— <w/ij. 
elastioally. [elastic . I 

elaetieity, e-las-tis'i-ti, n. quality of beingj 

elate, e-mf, a. elevated with success or con- 
fidence.—?;./, to exalt ; make proud or tri- 

elation^ g-ia'shun, n. pride or triumph re- 
sulting from success or confidence. 

elbow, el'bo, n. the joint between the arm 
and fore-arm ; any. short bend.— 1?.<. to 
push with the elbow. 

elMw-ehair, el'bo-char, n. a chair with arms. 

elbow-room, el'bo-rdom, n. room to move the 
elbows ; space for action. 

elder, ePd^r, a. older ; born earlier.— *m«. 
eldest.— 71. an older person ; an oflicial m 
some churches ; a bush with spongy pith. 

elderly, el'der-li, a. somewhat old. 

El Dorado, Eldorado, ePdo-rft'dO, n. place or 
region of fabulous wealth and splendor. 

elect, g-lekt', v.t. to select; choose by vote. 
—a. chosen ; selected for an office, but 
not yet holding it.— w. one chosen. 

deotion, e-lek'shun, n. power of choosing ; 
act of electing. 

electioneer, g-lek-8hun-5r', v.i. to make exer- 
tions for the election of some one. 

eleotiye, g-lekt'iv, a. depending on, or re- 
lating to, choice. 

elector, g-lekt'pr, n, one who elects, or has 
the right to vote ; formerly, title of princes 
who elected the German emperor. 

electoral, e-lekV<;>-r^, a. pertaining to elect- 
ors or elections ; composed of electors. 

electric, §-lek'trik, a. pertaining to electric- 
itv ; produced or operated by electricity. 

elecmcian, S-lek-trish'an, n. one skills in 
the science of electricity. 

electricity, 6-lek-tris'i-ti, n. a natural force, 
manifested when certain bodies are sub- 
jected to friction ; series of phenomena 
connected with this force.- a. elec^toic, 

electxify, g-lek'tri-fl, v.t. to disturb the elec- 
tric equilibrium in ; to startle ; astonish. 

electrolysis, e-lek-trol'i-sis, n. decomposition 
by means of electricity. 

electrolytie, ^lek'tr^-lit'ik, a. pertaining to 

electro-magnetism, e-lek'trO-mag'net-izm, n. 
ma^etism produced or affected by elec- 
tricity.— a. eiec'tro-magnet'ic. 

electroplate, e-lek'trO-plat, v.t. to cover with 
a coating of metal deposited from a solu- 
tion by electrolysis. 

electrotype, e-lek'trO-ttp, n. copy of anything 
produced by electroplating. 

dectnary, fi-lekt'yti-^ri, a. medicine made 
into a paste with honey or simp. 

eleemosynary, el-fi-mos'i-n^-ri, a. relating to 
alms ; given in charity. 

elegant, erg-g^nt, a. graceful ; refined ; or- 
namental.— n. elegance. [elegies.! 

elegiac, el-S'ji-ak, a. belonging to^ or usca in,| 

el^ist, el'fi-iist, n. writer of elegies. 

elegy, el'g-ji, n. a funeral-song ; lament; 
mournful poem. 

element, ePg-ment, n. first principle ; simple 
constituent ; ingredient ; proper sphere.— 
pi. the bread and wine of the sacrament ; 
the weather.— a. element'aL 

elementary, el-g-ment'^ri, a. of an element ; 
simple; primary; treating of first princi- 

elephant, erg-fant, 
n. the largest ex- 
isting quadruped. 

elephantiasis, el-g- 
fan-tl'as-is, n. a ; 
disease of the 
skin character- 
ized by excessive 
enlargement of 
the part. Elephant. 

elephantine, el-g- 
faut'in, -In, a. like an elephant ; very 

elevate, el'g-vat, v.t. to raise high, or higher ; 
to cheer. 

elevatien, el-g-va'shun, n. act of elevating ; 
a high position ; height. 

ace, air, add, arm, ^k, ail, vis^e ; sgv6re, ebb, hSr, mak^r ; Ice, inn ; Od9r, ox. Off, 

Digitized byVjOOQlC 




derttor, el-g-vRt'pr, n. person or thing that 
elevates ; machinery lor lifting grain, etc., 
or persons, to the higher floors of a build- 

ehm. §-lev'n, a. ten and one, 

iterenth, g-lev'nth, a. next after the tenth. 

d^ elf, n. a fairy ; small spirit.—/?/, elves.— 
a. elfln, elfish, elvish. 

elieit, e-lis'it, v.t. to draw forth. 

dide. e-lTd' v.t. to strike oflf. 

eli^e, eri-ji-bj, a. fit to be chosen or 
elected ; worthy of choice. — n. eligibil'ity. 

eliminate, fi-lim'i- 
nat, v.t. to put 
out; set aside; get 
rid of.— w. elim- 

elision, e-lizh'un, n. 
act of striking off; 
suppression of a let- 
ter or syllable. 

elixir, e-liks'?r, n. 
an invigorating po- 
tion; compound 
tincture. ; ^' 

elk, elk, n. the largest ri 
of the deer kind in 
Europe ; in Ameri- 
ca, the moose. 

ell, el, n. a measure of different lengths. 
The Eng. ell is U yards. 

elUpse, el-fips', n. an oval figure. 

elUpsis, el-lip'sis, n. in gram, omis- 
sion of a word or phrase.-/?/. 

European elk. 

elliDtoe, el-lip'tik, a. oval ; having an 

elliptual, el-lip'ti-k^1, a. character- Ellipse, 
ized by ellipsis. 

elm, elm, 71. a forest tree. 

eloevtion, el-9-kfI'shnn, n. utterance or de- 
livery of words ; art of speaking.- a. eloen- 
tienary. [in elocution. I 

eleeotioniiii, el-p-kfl'shun-ist, n. one versed| 

elongate, e-long'gSt, v.t. to make longer • 
extend. [extension in length.' 

elongation, elong-ga'shun, n. a lengthening; 

elope, §-lOp', v.t. w run away privately. 

elopement, e-lOp'ment, n. secret departure 
running awav. [and fitness of speech, 

elofnenee, el'o-kwens, n. beauty, strength, 

eloqnent,el'9-kwent, a. possessing, or market 
by, eloquence ; persuasive ; impressive. 

dse, els, a. other ; beside.— arfy. otherwise ; 

elsewhere, els'whar, adv. in another place. 

elneiiate, e-ltl'si-dat, v.t. to make clear ; ex- 
plain. — n. elneida'tion ; eln'eidater.— a. eln'oi- 
utive, eln'eidatory. 

elnde, e-lfld', v.t. to avoid or escape cun- 
ningly ; baffle. 

elusion, g-lfl'zhun, «. crafty escape ; evasion. 
—a. elusive. [blissful. I 

elysian, €-lizh'9,n, a. pertaining to Elysium ;| 

Efysinm, g-lizh'um, n. in myihology., abode 
of happy souls after death ; any delight- 
ful place or state. 

emaeiate, g-ma'shi-at, v.t. make lean.— t;.i. to 
become lean.— w. emacia'tion. 

emanate, em'^nat, v.i. to flow or proceed 
from.— n. emana'tion. 

emaneipate, g-man'si-pat, v.t. to free from 
servitude.- w. emaneipa'tion. 

emasonlate, g-mas'kyu-iat, v.t. to deprive of 
manhood or vigor. 

embalm, em-bam', v.t. to preserve from 
decay, by drugs, as a dead bodv.— n. em- 
balmment, [tect with a bank. I 

embank, em-bangk^ v.t. to inclose or pro- 

embukment, em-bangk'ment, n. artificial 
bank or mound. 

embargo. em-bar'gO, n. prohibition of ships 
from leaving port. 

embark, em-bark', v.t. to put on board a 
ship : employ in any affair.— tJ.i. to go on 
board a ship ; engage in anything. 

embarkation, em-bar-ka'shun, n. act of putting 
or going on board. [cumber.] 

embanass, em-bar'^, v.t. to perplex ; en-| 

embarrassment, em-bar'^s-meut, n. perplex- 
ity ; encumbrance ; pecuniary dimculties. 

embassador, em-bas'^-dpr, see ambassador. 

embassy, em'b^si, n. mission of an ambas- 
sador • persons sent on such mission, 

embattled, em-bat'ld, a. arranged in order of 
battle ; furnished with battlements. 

embay, em-ba', v.t. to inclose in a bay. 

embed, em-bed', see imbed. 

embemsh, em-bel'ish, t?./. to adorn; decorate. 

embellishment, em-bel'ish-ment, n. act of 
adorning • ornament, [glowing coals. I 

embers, em'b^rz, remains of a fire ; | 

embessle, em-bez'l, v.t. to pilfer ; steal prop- 
erty intrusted.— n. embeislement. 

embitter, em-bit'^r, see imbitter. 

emblaion, em-blaz'pn, v.t. to deck with 
showy colors ; adorn with heraldic de- 
vices, [raldic devices. I 

emblasonry, em-biaz'pn-ri, n. display of he-| 

emblem, em'blem, n. a symbolic figure ; type. 
—a. emblemat'io. 

embody, em-bod'i, v.t. to form into a body ; 
include in a body.— n. embodimeni 

embolden, em-bold'cn, v.t. to make bold. 

embosom, em-bu'zpm, v.t. to take to the 
bosom ; infold ; inclose. 

emboss, em-bos', v.t. to form bosses on ; 
adorn with raised work. 

<toze ; flse, rfile, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, thQ ; get, jet ; kiu, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

d by Google 

Digitized b 




embonehim, em-bdb-shiir', n. mouth of a 
river, cannon, etc. ; mouth-hole of a flute, 
etc. [bowels of I 

embowel, em-bou'el, v.i. to take out the| 

embower, em-bou'^r, v.t. to place in a bower. 

embnoe, em-brfts', v.t. to claep in the arms ; 
receive willingly ; comprise.— r.i. to join 
in an embrace.—/*, a clasping in the arms. 

embnurore, em-brS'zhur, n. opening in a wall 
for cannon. [tion.l 

embreeftke, em'br6-kSt, v.t. to rub with a lo-| 

embroeatioii, em-bro-ka'shun, n. act of em- 
brocating ; lotion used. 

embroider, em-broid'^r, v. to make designs in 
needle-work ; adorn with such designs.— 
v.i. to practise embroidering. 

emlMroiderj, em-broid'^r-i, n. ornamental 
needle-work, [a quarrel. — n. embroilment, i 

embroil, em-broiP, v.t. to perplex ; draw intoj 

ombrowo, em-broun', v.t. to tinge with brown. 

embryo, em'bri-0, n. rudimentary state of an 
anunal or plant ; earliest beginning. — a. 

embryology, em-bri-ol'p-ji, 71. science treating 
of the formation and growth of organisms. 

emendatdon, S-men-dS'shun, em-, n. correc- 
tion.— a. emend'atory. 

emerald, em'^r-^ld, n. a gem of a green color. 

emerge, fi-m6rj', v.i. to rise or come forth out 
of anything ; come into view. — n. emer^- 
uon. [a. emergent. I 

emergenee, e-mSr'jens, n. act of emerging.—! 

emergeney, e-m6r'jen-si, n. unexpected oc- 
currence ; urgent necessity. — a. emergen! 

emeritnf, e-mer'i-tus, a. honorary, on account 
of past 8ei*vice. Fishing. I 

emery, em^^-ri, n. hard mineral used for p)oI-| 

emetie, e-metMk, a. causing yomiting.— n. 
meaicine that causes vonuting. 

Mnigrant, em'i-grant, n. one who emigrates. 

emigrate, em'i-grftt, v.i. to remove from one's 
own country to another. — n. emigra'tion. 

eminenee, em'i-nens. n. loftiness ; an ele- 
vated station ; title of a cardinal. 

eminent em'i-nent, a. exalted ;. distinguished. 

eminently, em'i-nent-li, adv. in a high de- 
gree ; conspicuously. 

emissary, em'is-^-ri, n. a secret agent. 

emission, e-mish'un, n. act of sending out 

emit, fi-mit', v.t. to send out ; give forth. 

emmet, em'ct, n. an ant. 

emolUent, g-mol'yent, a. softening. 

emolnment, g-mol'yn-ment, n. wages ; ad- 
vantage ; gain. 

emotion, e-mO'shun, n. excitement of the feel- 
ings ; deep feeling.— o. emotional 

empale, em-pal', see imfale. 

emperor, em'p^r-pr, n. sovereign of an em- 
pire.— /«m. empress. 

emphasis, em'f^sis, n. stress of voice ; im- 
pressiveness.— /)^. emphases. 

emphasise, -ise, em'f^slz, v.t. to mark with 

emphatis, -al, em-fat'ik, -^1, a. expressed 
with emphasis; strongly marked ; unpres- 
Bive.—adv. emphatioall^. [sovereignty.! 

empire, em'pir, n. dominions of an emperor ;| 

empirie, -al, em-pir'ik, -^1, a. resting on ex- 
periment only. 

empirie, em-pir'ik, n. one whose knowledge 
is from experience only ; a quack. 

empiricism, em-pir'i-sizm, n. knowledge or 
practice founded on exjjerience only ; 
quackery. [— n. employer.! 

employ, em-ploi^ v.t. to nse ; engage at work.j 

employment, em-ploi'ment, n. act of employ- 
ing ; business ; occupation. 

emporium, em-pO'ri-um, n. a place of trade : 
mart. [authorize. 

empower, em-pou'^r, v.t. to give power to;| 

empress, em'pres, n. female sovereign of an 
empire ; wife of an emperor. 

emptr, em'ti, a. containing nothing ; with- 
out effect ; unsubstantial. — v.t. to make 
empty ; remove the contents of.— f?.i. to 
dischai^e its contents. 

emptiness, em'ti-nes, n. state of being empty ; 
want of substance. 

empyrean, em-pi-rfi'^n, -pir'i-an, n. the high- 
est heaven. — a. empyreaL 

emu, e'mtl, n. the Aus- 
tralian ostrich. 

to strive to equal. 

emulation, em-yu-lft'- 
shun, n. attempt to 
equal ; rivalry. 

emnlative, em'yu-l^tiv, 1 
emnlons, em^yu-liiSfa. 
desirous to equal an- ' 
other ; engaged in 

emnlsimi, e-mul'shun, 
n. mixture of oil and i^a^^iifi^^ 
water by the addition rii "^^ ■ 
of a third substance. 
—a. emnlsiye. Emu. 

enable, en-S'bl, v.t. to 
make able ; give power to. [lish by law.l 
en-akt', v.t. to put into action ; estab- 
taeunent, en-akt'ment, n. passage of a bill 
into law ; that which is enacted, 
lamel, en-am'el, n. hard, glassy substance 
prepared by melting ; hard coating, as of 
the teeth.— v.^. to coat with enamel, or 
anything like enamel. [charm.! 

', en-am'pr, v.t. to inspire with love ;| 
en-kftj', v.t. to confine in a cage. 

See, air, add, &rm, ftsk, ftll, vis^e ; sgvSrc, ebb, h6r, mftk^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, Off, 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 




_, en-kamp', v.t. to form into a camp. 
— r.'i. to pitch tents, [camping ; a camp. I 

Mwnpment, en-kamp'ment, n. act of eu-| 

latMine, en-ktig'tik, a. done by heat. — n. 
painting in which the colors are fixed by 
heat. [with^ a chain. I 

, en-chan', v.t. to fasten with, or asj 
, cn-chftnt', v.t. to bewitch ; charm. 
BT, en-chftnt'^r, n. one who enchants : 
a magician.— /(?m. enchantress, [cination. 

enebaalment, en-ch§nt'ment, n. magic ; fas-| 

eneirele, en-ser'kl, v.t. to inclose in a circle ; 
pass around. 

enelise, enklOz', see inclose. 

eneemiMi, en-kO'mi-ast, n. one who atters or 
writes encomiums. 

eMcmhim, en-kO'mi-um, n. high praise : 
panegyric. — a. eneomiMt'ic. [close. 

lass, en-kum']}^, v.t. to surround ; in-| 
ans'-kOr', en-kOr', arft;. again : once 
more.— 17.<. to call for a repetition or. 

encconter, en-kount'^r, v.t. to meet ; oppose ; 
join in combat. — n. a sudden meeting : 
combat. [courage, or hope ; incite. 

eBccvage, en-kur'^j, v.t. to inspire with] 

tnconiagement, en-kur'^ij-ment, n. act of en- 
couraging ; that which encourages. 

eneretek, en-krOch'. v.i. to seize gradually 
on another's rignt ; intrude ; trespass.— 
n. encroMhment. 

enenmber, en-kum'ber, v.t. to Impede action, 
as by a load ; embarrass. 

eneiunliranee, en-kum'br^ns, n. load ; clog ; 
burden on an estate. 

encyclical, en-sik'li-k^l, a. sent to many per- 
sons ; circular, as a letter. 

encyclopadia, encyclopedia, en-sI-klO-pSd'i-§, 
same as cydopadia.— a. encyclop»dic. 

oi, end, n. extreme point ; close ; ultimate 
object ; death. — v.t. to bring to an end.— 
t.i. to come to an end ; terminate, [risk. I 
, en-dftn'jer, v.t. to place in danger ;| 
. eh-d5r', v.i. to render dear. 

Midcinnwit, en-dCr'ment, n. state of being 
dear ; that which excites affection ; fond 
attention. [attempt; trial ; effort.! 

cndeayer, en-dev'<^r, v.i. to attempt ; try.— n.| 

ademic. cn-dem'ik, a. ])eculiar to a people 
or a district.— n. an endemic disease. 

eadinf, cnd'ing, n. termination. 

endleis, end'les, a. without end. 

endlonf, end'lOng, adv. lengthwise. 

endeiEcn, en'd^-jen, n. one of the division of 
i^nts which grow by additions to the 
Internal substance. — a. cndogenons (en- 

eadnrse, en-dOrs^ see indorse. 

endow, en-dou', v.t. to furnish with a dower ; 
enrich with a gift. 

endowment, en-don'ment, n. act of endow- 
ing ; that which is endowed ; gift. 

endue, en-d11^ see indne. 

endurable, en-dflr'^-bl, a. that may be borne. 

endurance, en-dtlr'^ns, n. continuance ; suf- 
ferance ; patience ; fortitude. 

endure, ennJIlr', v.i. to remain firm ; last.— 
v.t. to remain firm under • bear. 

endwise, end'wiz, adv. with the end foremost. 

enema, en'e-ma, n. an injection ; clyster. 

enemy, en'e-mi, n. a foe ; adversary ; hostile 
force or people. 

energetic, en-^r-jet'ik, n. having energy; 
forcible.— arft;. energetically. 

energy, en'^r-ji, n. inherent power ; force ; 
power in operation. 

enervate, e-ner'vftt, v.t. to deprive of nerve 
or strength ; enfeeble.— «. enerya'tion. 

enfeeble, en-f6'bl, v.t. to weaken.— n. enfee- 

enfilade, en-fi-lad', n. a file, or straight line.— 
v.t. to rake with shot through the length of. 

enforeCL en-fOrs', v.t. to compel by force; 
put in force ; urge.— n. enforoement 

enfranchise, -ise, en-fran'chiz, -chiz, v.t. to set 
free ; give citizenship to.— n. enfhmehise- 

engage, en-^ftj', v.t. to bind ; gain for ser- 
vice ; win ; encounter.— t?.i. to become 
bound ; take nart ; enter into contest. 

engaged, en-gftja', a. and p.p. promised in 
marrmge ; l)etrothed. 

engagement, en-gaj'ment, n. act of engaging ; 
state of being engaged ; obligation ; be- 
trothal ; conflict. 

engaging, en-gaj'ing, a. winning ; attractive. 

engender, en-jeud'?r, v.t. to beget ; produce. 

engine, en'jin, n. a machine ; something 
used to effect a purpose. [of an enginerj 

engine-driyer, en'jin-drlv'^r, n. one in charge] 

engineer, en'ji-ner, n. one who has charge of 
the construction of military or public 
works ; an engine-driver. 

engineer, en-ji-nSr^ v.i. to do the work of an 
engineer. — v.t. to manage skilfnllv. 

engineering, en-ji-ner'ing, n. art of an en- 
gineer, {—p.t. and p.p. engirded, engirt! 

engird, en-g6rd', v.t. to encompass ; encircle.! 

Tgngliah ing'glish, a, pertaining to England 
or its people.— n. the people or language 
of En^and. 

engrain, see ingrain. 

engrave, en-grftv', v.t. and v.i. to cut designs 
with a graver; impress deeply.— p.p. en- 
graved or engraven. [engraving. I 

engraver, en-grflv'^r, n. one who practises! 

engraving, en-grftv'ing, n. art of cutting de- 
signs on metal, wood, etc.; impression 
from an engraved plate. 

<A>ze ; tlse, rfile, pall, up ; oil, out ; thin, th^ ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 




eagrosa, cn-grOs'. v.L to seize or buy in lar^e 
quantities ; take up the whoieof ; copy m 
a large iiand.— n. engroMer. 
jprossment, en-grOs'ment, n. act of engross- 
ng ; excessive acquisition. 

£; en-gulf, v.t. to swallow up in a gulf. 
__j«6, en-hftns', v.t. to raise ; heighten ; 
increase.— v.t. to be raised or increased. 

enhaneement, en-h§ns'ment, ;}. a heightening * 
increase. [enifmat'ie, enignuit'ieu. 

enigma, e-ni^'ma, n. a riddle ; mystery.— ff.| 

eiuoin, en-join', v.t. to command ; charge. 

•^|oy, en-joi', v.t. to have pleasure in ; pos- 
sess or use with pleasure. 

MgoyiiMnt, en-ioi'ment, n. pleasure ; happi- 
ness ; gratifying possession or use. 

enkindle, en-kin'dl, v.t. to set on fire ; arouse. 

enlarge, en-lftrj', v.t. and increase in 
size ; amplify. 

enlargement, en-lftrj'ment, n. increase in 
size ; expatiatiou ; release. 

enlighten, en-llt'n, v.t. to give light to ; im- 
part knowledge or clearness to.— w. en- 

enlist, en-list', v.t. to enter on a list ; engage 
in public services ; engage. — v.i. to engage 
in service ; enter into a cause.— n. euist- 
meni [mate ; cheer. I 

enliven, en-llv'n, v.t. to put lire into ; ani-| 

enmesh, en-mesh', v.t. to ensnare or entangle, 
as in a net. 

enmi^, en'mi-ti, n. ill-will ; hostility. 

ennoble, en-nO'bl, v.t. to make noble. — n. 
ennoblement. [want of occupation.! 

ennui, ftn-wS', n. weariness from satiety or| 

enormity, fi-n6r'mi-ti, n. excessive bulk or 
flagrancy ; gre^it wickedness. 

enormous, g-nor'mus, a. beyond measure ; 
vast ; atrocious.— afi??;. enormously. 

enough, fi-nuf, a. sufficient.— arfr. suffi- 
ciently.— w. a sufficiency, [clare. 

enonnee, g-nouns', v.t. to state formally ; de- 

enqnire, en-kwir', see inonire. [furious. 

enrage, en-rfti', v.t. to fill with rage ; make 

enrieh, en-rich', v.t. to make rich ; adorn.— | 

enraptoie, en-rapt'ynr, v.t. to fill i 
transport with pleasure. 


enroll, en-rOl', v.t. to register ; record.— w. 

enrolment, -rollment. 
enseonee, en-skons', v.t. to shelter ; protect, 
enshrine, en-shrin', v.t. to place in a shrine : 

preserve with affection, [shroud ; wrap. 
enshroud, en-shroud', v.t. to cover with a| 
ensiform, en'si-fOrm, a. sword-shaped, 
ensign, en'sTn, -sin, n. a standard ; the officer 

who carries it. [sion of an ensign. I 

ensigney, en'sTn-sl, -sin-, n. rankorcommis-l 
ensilage, en'si-laj, n. process of preserving 

green crops in a pit or silo. 


enslave, en-slftv', v.t. to make a slave of: 
subjugate.— n. enslavemeni [entrap. 

ensnare, en-snftr', v.t. to take in a snare ;j 

ensue, en-sfl', v.u to come after ; result. 

ensure, en-shfir', see insure. 

entablature, en-tab'l^tynr, n. 
in arch, the part between 
the columns and the roof. 

entail, en-tfil', v.t. to settle an 
estate on a i)articnlar heir or 
series of heirs ; to bring on 
as a consequence.- n. an en- 
tailed estate, or its rule of 
descent.— ». entailment. 

entangle, en-tang'gl, v.t. to bring into a 
tangle ; involve ; perplex ; ensnare.— ;i. 

enter, en't^r, v.t. to come or go into ; join 
in ; put in ; begin.— «.i. to come or go in ; 
engage in. [adventure ; daring.; 

enterprise, en't^r-prlz, n. a bold attempt;) 

enterprising, en'ter-prlz-ing, a. adventurous ; 
forward to undertake. 

entertain, en-t^r-tftn', ?-./. to treat hospitably; 
amuse ; take into consideration,— n. en- 

entertainment, en-t^r-tan'ment, w. act of en- 
tertaining ; hospitality ; a banquet ; amuse- 
ment. [— «. enthronement! 

enthrone, en-thrOn', v.t. to place on athrone.| 

enthusiasm, en-thll'zi-azm, n. insph^tion; 
passionate zeal. — a. enthusiast'ie. 

enthusiast, en-thtl'zi-ast, n. one filled with 
enthusiasm. [tieemeii| 

entiee, en-tls', v.t. to allure ; tempt.— «. ea-l 

entiriL en-tir', a. whole ; complete.— («<p. 
entirely.— ;;. entireness. 

entitie, en-tl'tl, v.t. to style ; give a right to. 

entity, en'ti-ti, n. existence ; a real substance. 

entemo, en-tdbm', v.t. to place in a tomb.— n. 
entembmeni [in entomology. I 

entomologist, en-t^-mol'^-iist, n. one versed | 

entomology, en-t^-morp-ji, n. science which 
treats of insects.— a. entomolog'ie, entemo- 

entrails, en'tralz, -^Iz, the bowels. 

entranee, en'tf^ns, n. act of entering ; place 
for entering. [fill with rapture.! 

entranee, en-trans', v.t. to put into a trance ;| 

entrap, en-trap', v.t. to catch in a trap; en- 
snare, [ask earnestly.! 

entreat, en-trSt', v.t. and v.i. to supplicate;! 

entoeaty, en-trfit'i. n. earnest prayer or peti- 
tion, [into ; something recorded.! 

entry, en'tri, w. act of entering: passage! 

entwine, en-twTii', v.t. to twine ; wind about. 

entwist, en- twist', v.t. to twist. 

enumerate, e-nO'm^r-ftt, v.t. to count the 
number of ; name over. 

ace, air, add, firm, ftsk, ftll, vis^e ; severe, ebb, h6r, mfik^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, 6fl, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 





g-nfl-m^r-ft'shun, n. act of num- 
e-nun'si-fit, -shi-, v.t. to utter; 

avDeuti0n, e-nan-Bi-ft'8han,»-8hi-, n. act or 

manner of uttering ; something uttered. 
eBTdop, en-vel'op, v.t. to cover by wrapping ; 

hide ; surround.— 72. «nTelopmeni 
nTdep, enyelope, en'vel-Op, en-vel'^p, n. tliat 

which wraps ; cover for a letter. 
avenom, en-ven'pm, v.t. to poison ; All with 

bitterness or rancor. 
aTiaUe, cn'vi-^bl, a. capable of exciting 

envy ; desirable.— arfr. enmUy. 
eniiou, en'vi-us, a. filled with envy. — adv. 

enviouly. [yironmeni 

environ, en-vT'r9n, v.t. to surround.— n. en- 
iHTimii, en-vl'r9nz, en'vi-, w ./;/. outskirts ol 

a town. [eign court. 

•BTty, en'voi, n. public messenger to a for- 
•BTT, en'vi, v.t. to grudgje ; hate on account 

of prosperity. — n. pain at the sight of 

another''8 prosperity. {time. I 

ewi, Mm, e'on, n. an age ; vast period of | 
eiMlefe, epaulette, ep'^-lct'^n. badgeof military 

or naval rank worn on the shoulder. 
•fe^gne, ep-em', n. ornamental centre-piece 

for a dinner-table. 
•fheownL ef-em'i^r-si, n. a short-lived insect. 
Vbemeru, ef-em'^r-^l, a. lasting but a day : 

ghort-lived. [almanac.—/?/, ephemer'ides. 

, ef-em'er-is, n. an astronomical! 

, ef 'Od, ef 'od, n. girdle worn by Hebrew 

epM, ep'ik, a. containing heroic narration.— 

n. an epic or heroic narrative poem, 
tpieene, ep'i-sfin, a. partaking of the nature 

of both sexes ; common to ooth sexes. 
epieve, ep'i-kflr, n. one given to sensual 

pleasures, esp. luxurious fare. 
epievmii, ep-i-kyu-r6'^n, a. pertaining to 

Epicurus, a Greek philosopher ; given to 

Iniury. — n. a follower of Epicurus ; luxuri- 
ous person. fcurus ; luxury. I 
epienrism, ep'i-kyur-izm, n. doctrine of Epi-I 
epidcmie. ep-i-dem'ik, a. general ;prevai" 

as a disease.'— r). a prevailing disease. 
qiiermis, ep-i-der'mis, n. the cuticle, or outer 

•pigietrie, ep-i-gast'rik, a. denoting or per- 
taining to the region over the stomach. 
•pisleltiB, ep-i-glot'is, n. cartilaginous valve 

closing the windpipt). 
epignm, ep'i-gram, n. a short, pointed poem. 
•PCrumuktie, cp-i-gram-at'ik, a. containing 

or relating to epigrams ; short and poiuteu. 
•pisrumiatiit, ep-i-gram'a-tist, n. a writer of 

^graph, ep'i-graf, n. an inscription. 

epilepsy, ep'i-lep-si, n. disease of the brain 
accompanied with convulsions. — a. epilep'- 
tie. [at the end of a play.j 

epilogue, epM-ldg, n. short speech or poemj 

Epipnuiy, e-pif V^^ii n. festival held on Jan. 
6th, commemorating the appearance of 
Christ to the Magi. [ment oy bishops. I 

episeopMy, e-pis'k^-p^-si, n. church govern- 1 

epiaeopftl, e-pis'kp-pal, a. belonging to, or 
governed by bishops. 

Epiaeopftliaa, e-pis-kQ-pSl'y^n, -i-an, n. one 
who belongs to the Episcopal Church. 

epiB«on&t«, f nin'kQiJat, fi. bishopric ; the 
1 li 11 fy i> t' 1 1 f f 1 1 'J |.i < . [or event. I 

epiioili!, i'ji'S-tiCJd^ H. nil incidental narrative,] 

epistle, I'-pJH'U n. a Itstttr. 

epi^t^Ury, y-ptn't^-ia rL a pertaining to let- 
U-T^\ r'lKTi-^i^tmtr nf Irttr-rs. 

epib&pli, n f) i tuf. n. m\ fir^iription onatomb. 

epitbet, e]> i tkiet, n , FiUjt < t i ve joined to a noun. 

epitome f-pit'Q inU f*. uhridgment. 

epitonuB, -ue, c-ipilX^-rDTx, v.t. to make an 
nJ(rHiirj nf.—ii.. epitomlBli. 

epiiisouc, cp I zD-ui ik, a. prevailing among 
animals, as a disease.- n. episo'Sty. 

epoeh, ep'ok, 6'-, n. a remarkable period of 
time ; date from which an era is reckoned. 

equ^le, e'kw^-bl, a. eoual and uniform.— 
ddv. eqoaUy.— n. eqouil'ity. 

equal, fi'kw^l, a. like in quantity or degree ; 
adequate ; uniform.— n. one of the same 
rank, etc.— v.^. to be or make equal to.— 
adv. equally. [equal ; uniformity. I 

equality, g-kwol'i-ti, n. quality of beingj 

eqnaliie, -iiie, e'kw^l-Tz, v.t. to make equal.— 
n. eiqiialisa'tion. [mind or temper. I 

equanimity, e-kw^-nim'i-ti, n. evenness of| 

equate, ^-kwat', v.t. to indicate or produce 
equality between. 

equation, g-kw&'shun, n. expression of the 
eqnahty of two quantities ; act of bring- 
ing to equality. 

equator, g-kwa't^r, n. great circle of the 
globe, midway between the poles.- a. 
equato'rial. [of horses. I 

equerry, ek'we-ri, n. an officer having charge! 

equestrian, g-Kwes'tri-^n, a. pertaining to 
horsemanship or riding. -;;. a rider. 

equiangular, 6-kwi-ang'gyu-l^r, a. having 
equal angles. 

equidistant, S-kwi-dis'tant, a. equally distant. 

equilateral, C-kwi-lat'^r-g-l, a. naving equal 

equilibrium, C-kwi-lib'ri-um, n. equality of 
weight or force ; evenness of balance. 

equine, G'kwTn, a. pertaining to horses. 

equinoctial, e-kwi-nok'shsil, a. pertaining to 
the e<^uiiiox.— w. a celestial circle corres- 
ponding to the equator. 

(Awe ; Use, rflle, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, th^ ; 

get, jot ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)urc. 

1 by Google 

Digitized b 




equinox, ekwi-noks, n. time when the sun 

croseeB the equator, and day and night are 

equal . [out. — /? . equipment. I 

eqnip, e-kw1p', v.i. to dress ; furnish ; fit| 
equipage, ek'wi-p^j, n. carriage and attend- 
ants, etc. ; e(]^uipment. 
equipoise, S'kwi-poiz, n. equality of weight 

or force ; evenness of balance. [ful.l 

equipollent, 5-kwi-poI'lent, a. equally power-| 
eqniponderant, e-kwi-pou'd^r-g-nt, a. equal in 

weight.— w. eoniponderanoe. 
eqnit^, ek'wi-tf, n. justice ; fairness.— a. 

wnitaXlt.—adv. equitably.— n. eqnitableneas. 
eqnity. ek'wi-ti, n. a court of chancery, or 

the law it administers. 
eqnivalent, g-kwiv'^i-lent, a. equal in value, 

effect, meaning, etc.— n. a thing equal in 

value, etc.— 71. eqmvalenoe. 
eqnivoeal, s-kwiv''9-k^l, a. of doubtful or am- 
biguous me&ning.— adv. aqniyocally.— n. 

e^niyocalnMB, eqnivocal'ity. 
•qnivoeate, g-kwiv'9-kflt, v.i. to use doubtful 

or ambiguous language.— w. eqaivoca'tion. 
e^nivoeator, s-kwiv-<?-ka't<?r, n. one who 

equivoque, -yoke, ek'wi-vOk, n. a phrase of 

double meanmg. 
era, 6'rft, n. series of years reckoned from 

an epoch. [eradioa'tion. I 

eradioate, e-rad'i-kat, v.i. to root out.— n.| 
erase, fi-ras', v.t. to scrape out ; efface, 
erasure, g-ra'zhiir, n. act of erasing ; place 

where something has been erased, 
ere, ar, adv. before ; sooner than.— prep. 

erect ^-rekt', v.t. to set upright ; build ; es- 

taolish.- a. upright ; firm ; bold, 
erection, e-rek'shun, fi. act of erecting ; state 

of being erected ; a building. 
welong, ar-16ng', adv. before a long time. 
eremite, er'g-mlt, n. an older form of hermit, 
erewhile, ar-whll', adv. some time before ; a 

while ago. 
ergot, er'gpt, n. grain affected by a parasitic 

fungus ; a drug prepared from such grain, 
ermine, fer'rain, n. 

an animal of 

the weasel kind 

with very white 

fur ; its fur, or 

robes adorned 

with the fur. 
erode, e-rOd', v.f. 

to eat a w a V ; . , 

gnaw.~w. ero'sion. J^"'""*^- [of, love. I 
erotic, e-rot'ik, a. pertaining to, or treating! 
err, er, v.i. to wander ; go astray ; mistake, 
errand, er'^nd, n. a message ; commission, 
errant, er'ant, a. wandering ; roving. 

erratie, er-at'ik, a. wandering; deviating; 

capricious in conduct, 
erranm; er-ft*tum, n. error in writing or 

printing.—/;/, errata, 
error, er'or, n. deviation from truth or right ; 

mistake ; fault.— a. eno'nwoB.—adv. erro'- 

erst, erst, adv. formerly ; once, 
eructate, g-nik'tftt, v.i. to discbarge wind 

from the stomach ; belch.— w. emna'tion. 
erudite, er'yu-dlt, a. learned, 
erudition, er-yii-dish'un, n. learning, esp. in 

eruption, g-rup'shun, n. a breaking forth; 

appearance of spots on the skin, 
eruptive, g-rupt'iv, a. causing, or attended 

by, eruption. 
erynpelas, er-i-sip'g-las, n. an acute inflam- 
mation of the skin.— a. erysipd'atons. 
escalade, es-k^lad', v.t. to mount and enter 

by ladders.— «,; an entrance by ladders. 
escape, es-kflp', v.t. to evade ; elude ; shun by 

flight.—?;.!, to gain safetv by flight; be 

left unharmed.— n. act of fleeing fi-om: 

avoidance of harm. [priety of conduct. 
escapade, es-ka-pad', n. temporary impral 

sapement, es-kap'ment, n. part 
of a tin 

time-piece which con- 
nects the wheels with the 

Mcarpment, es-karp'ment, n. 
steep outer slope of an earth- 
work or fortification. 

escheat, es-chst', v.i. to fall to 
the state, etc., for want of an 
heir, or by forfeiture.— n. 

Sroperty so forfeited, 
lew, es-chti', v.t. to shun ; avoid. 

escort, es'kdrt, n. an attendant ; a guard. 

escort, es-kOrt', v.t. to attend as a guard. 

escritoire, es-kri-tw6r', n. a writing-desk. 

esculent, es'kyu-lent, a. fit for foM. 

escutcheon, es-kuch^un, n. shield bearing a 

Eskimo, Esquimaux, es'ki-mO, n. one of a 
race of savages inhabiting the arctic re- 
gions.—;?/. Eskimos, Esquimaux. 

esoteric, es-0-ter'ik, a. known, or taught, only 
to a few.— arft?. esoterically. 

espalier, es-p^'y^r, n. frame on which fruit- 
trees are trained. 

especial, es-pesh'^l, a. particular ; peculiar ; 
distinguished.- «rf^;. especially. 

espionage, es'pi-pn-aj, n. spying, or the em- 
ployment of spies. 

esplanade, es-pl^-nad', w. level space before a 
fortress ; open space for driving, etc. 

espousal, es-pouz'al, 71. act of espousing.- iu 
2)1. betrothal or marriage. 

ace, air, add, arm, ask, tUl, visage ; e§v6re, ebb, her, mftk^r ; Ice, inn ; Odyr, ox, dff, 

d by Google 

Digitized b 




es-poaz', v.t. to give in marriage ; 
marry ; betrotli ; embrace, as a cause. 

npy, es-pl', v.t. to spy ; catch sight pf. 

eitiiin, es-kwir', n. attendant on a knight ; 
title of respect. 

•any, es-sft', v.t. to attempt ; make trial of. 

eswy, es'sft, n. a trial ; brief treatise. 

eswyist, es'sa-ist, n. writer of essays. 

enente, es^ens, n. necessary qualities : char- 
acteristic principle ; perfumed alcohol. 

WMiitiilt es-sen'sh^, a. necessary to exist- 
ence ; indispensable ; containing the es- 
sence : volatile and odorous, as oil.— w. 
anything essential .—n. essentitl'ity. 

esssntiallT, es-sen'sh^l-i, adv. in the essence ; 
in reality. [firm ; found. 

Mtablish, es-tab'lish. v.t. to settle ; make| 

estoUishmait, es-tab'lish-ment, n. act of es- 
tablishing ; that which is established ; 
place of residence or business. 

MWto, es-tSt', n. condition ; property, esp. in 
land ; an order in the state. 

Mtetm, es-tem', v.t. to value or rate ; think 
highly of.— n. favorable opinion. 

MtiiuUt, es'ti-m^-bl, a. that may be valued ; 
worthy of esteem. 

Mtimatt, es'ti-mftt, v.t. to set a value on : 
calculate. [of value, cost, etc. 

Mtimftte, es'ti-m^t, n. a valuing ; iudgment| 

Mtimstioii, es-ti-mft'shun, n. a valuing; es- 
teem, [alienate.— 97. estrangement.! 

Mtnnge, es-tranj', v.t. to make strange;! 

Mtny, es-trft', n. a wandering or lost beast. 

estoary, est'yu-^ri, n. an arm of the sea : 
inlet. [shelves. 

etacere, ft-tft-zhar', n. ornamental frame of | 

ete£, ech. v.t. to engrave by corrosion with 
an acia. 

•idling, ech'ing, n. art of engraving by the 
use of acid ; etched design, or an impres- 
sion from it. [beginning or end. I 

lUnial, e-ter'n^l, a. everlasting ; without] 

ftttnity, e-t6r'ni-ti, n. endless duration. 

•ther, e'th^r, n. a fluid medium supposed to 
fill all space ; a class of volatile liquids. 

ethereal, g-thCr'g-^l, a. consisting of, or like, 
ether ; heavenly ; spirit-like. 

etkereallM, -ise, e-th6r'e-^-Tz, v.t. to convert 
into ether ; render spirit-like. 

etkie, ethieal, eth'ik, -q.\. a. relating to morals 
or duty. —adv. ethiMlljr. [duty. I 

eUuM, eth'iks, n. the science of morals or| 

Bthiop. 6'thi-9p, n. an Ethiopian ; negro, 

Ithieiian, 6-tni-0'pi-9Ji, a. pertaining to 
Ethiopia.— n. a native of Ethiopia ; negro. 

Hbaie, ethnieal, eth'nik, -al, a. pertaining to 
nations or races, or to tne heathen. 

MhiegTaphy, eth-nog^r^fi^ n. account of the 
different races of men.— a. ethnognph'ie. 

ethnolo^, eth-nol'^-ji. n. science treating of 

the different races of men.— «. ethnolog'ieal. 

etiolate, S'ti-^-lat, v.t. and v.i. to whiten or 

grow pale and weak, e»p. from want of 

sunlight. [social niles.l 

etiqnette, et'i-ket', n. forms of ceremony ;| 

etymologift, et-i-mol'^-jist, n. one versed in 

etymology. [words.- a. et;[rmolog'ieal. I 

etymology, et-i-mol'9-ji, n. derivation ofj 

eneharisi tl'k^r-ist, n. the Lord's Supper.— a. 


enehre, tl'k^r, n. a game at cards. [tols. I 

eulogist, (IMo-jist, n. one who praises or ex-| 

enloginm, (l-lo'ji-um, eulogy, tl'lp-ji, n. high 

or studied praise ; a speech or writing in 

J)raiseof.— a.enlogist'ie. [mend; extol.! 
ogise, -ise, tl'19-jlz, v.t. to praise ; com-} 

ennnoh, tl'nuk, n. Oriental attendant of a 

enphemism. tl'fem-izm, n. a mild or pleasing 
expression for something unpleasant.— a. 
enphemist'io. [eapho'nions, enphon'io.l 

enphony, fl'f^-ni, n. agreeable sound.-— 7^| 

Eurasian, Q-ra'zh^n, a. common to both Eu- 
rope and Asia.— n. a person of mixed 
European and Asiatic blood. 

European, tl-rp-pe'^n, a. belonging to Europe. 
— n. a native of Europe. 

enstaehian, (l-sta'ki-%n, n. denoting a passage 
connecting the interior of the ear with the 
throat. [charge; quit.— n. eyaeaa'tion.| 

evaenate, e-vak'yu-at, v.t, to empty- dis-| 

evade, e-vad', v.t. to avoid ; escape artfully. 

evanesoent, ev-^-nes'ent, a. vanishing ; fleet- 
ing.—/?, evanes'eenee. 

evangelj 6-van'jel, w. a gospel. 

eyanjg:elie, evangelieal, 6-van-jel'ik, -^1, a. per- 
taining to tiie Gospel ; maintaining the 
doctrines of the Gospel. 

evangelist, g-van'jjel-ist, n. one of the writers 
of the Gospels ; a preacher of the Gospt 1. 

evangelise, -ise, g-van'jel-Iz, v.t. to instruct in 
the (iospel. 

evaporate, e-vap'^r-at, v.i. to pass into vapor. 
—v.t. to convert into vapor.— w. evapora'- 
tion. [cape ; subterfuge. I 

evasion, g-va'zhun, n. act of evading • es-| 

evasive, g-va'siv, a. evading ; not canaid. 

eve, Sv, n. the close of the day ; night before 
a day of note ; time just preceding some 

even, 6'vn, a. level ; smooth : parallel ; 
equal ; not odd.— v.t. to make even or 
smooth.— arfv. exactly ; indeed ; so mucli 
as ; still.— afi?t>. evenly.— a. evenness, [day. I 

even, evening, e'vn, -ing, n. the close of the' 

event, g-vent', «. that which happens ; occur- 1 
rence ; result. [results.! 

eventfbl, g-vent'ful, a. full of events or 

<ft)zc ; Use, rflle, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, thS ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh||are. 

Digitized by vJOOQlC 




erentoil, s-vent'ya-^l, a. happening as a con- 
sequence ; final.— ^(/t;. ertntaally. 

ever, ev'^r, adv. always ; at any time. 

erergUde, ev'er-glad, n. low swampy land 
covered with grass. 

erergnen, ev'^r-grCn, a. always green.— n. 
plant that remains green all the year. 

ererlMtinc, ev-^r-lQst'ing, a. lasting forever : 
eternal. [santly ; eternally. 

erermore, ev-^r-mOr', adv. forever ; inces-1 

evert, 6- vert', v.t. to turn outwards or back. 
— n. eversioiL 

every, ev'^r-i, a. each one of a number. 

everything, ev'^r-i-thing, n. each thing ; all. 

everywhere, ev'^r-i-whar, adv. in every place. 

evict, e-vikt', v.t. to expel by legal process. 
—n. evie'tion. 

evidence, ev'i-dens, a. that which makes clear 
or conclusive ; proof ; witness. 

evident, ev'i-dent, a. clear ; obvious. 

evil, Sv'l, a. wicked • h&^.—adv. badly ; 
hurtfuliy.— n. wickedness : harm. 

evinee, g-vins'^ v.t. to show clearly ; prove. 

evieewtte, e-vis'^r-fit, v.t. to take out the 
bowels of .— n. eviieera'tion. 

evitable, ev'i-t^-bl, a. that mav be avoided. 

evoke, fi-vOk', v.t. to call forth. 

evolntion, ev-o-ltl'shun, ». act of unfolding ; 
development; series of orderly move- 
ments ; doctrine of the development of 
organisms from lower forms. 

evolntioniit, ev-9-ltl'shun-ist, n. one who 
holds the doctrine of evolution. 

evolve, fi-volv', v.t. to unfold ; disclose ; throw 
out ; develop, 

ewe, ti, 7?. a female sheep. 

ew«r, tl'^r, n. a large water- 

exacerbate, egz-a8'^r-bat,t7.^ to 
imbitter ; render more 
severe.— n. ezaeerba'tion. 

exact, egz-akt', a. precise ; 
careful; certain.— adi?. ex- 
actly.— n. exactness.— ».<. to 
demand ; compel ; extort.— 
n. exaction. 

exactor, egz-akt'pr, n. one who exacts. 

exaggerate, egz-aj'?r-at, v.t. to magnify un- 
duly ; represent too strongly.- r.i. to use 
exaggeration, [tion exceeding the truth. I 

exaggeration, egz-aj-^r-a'shun, n. representa-] 

exut, egz-alt', v.t. to lift high ; elate ; extol. 

exalted, egz-^lt'ed, a. high ; eminent. 

exaltation, egz-Sl-ta'shun, n. act of exalting ; 

examination, egz-am-in-ft'shun, n. act of in- 
vestigating ; search ; inspection ; trial. 

examine, e^z-am'in, v.t. to search ; scrutinize ; 
inquire into ; question. 


; egz-am'in-^r, n. one who examines. 

example, egz-am'pl, n. a pattern ; Instance : 
warnmg. [angry ; enrage. 

exaiperate, egz-as'p^r-at, v.t. to make veryl 

exasperation, egz-as-p^r-S'shun, n. sudden 
anger ; rage. 

excavate, eks'ka-vat, v.t. to hollow out. 

excavation, eks-ka-vft'shun, n. act of excavat- 
ing ; place dug or hollowed out. 

excera, eks-sed', v.t. to go beyond ; surpass. 

exceedingly, eks-s6d'ing-li, adv. to a great 
degree ; extremely. [scend.t 

excd. eks-seP, v.t. and v.i. to surpass ; tran-j 

exeeUency, eks'sel-en-si, n. a title of honor. 

excellent, eks'sel-ent, a. having great worth ; 
of superior quality or merit. — adv. excel- 
lently.— n. exeellenee. 

except, eks-sept', v.t. to take or leave outj ex- 
clude.— t7.i. to object.— p7'6tp. excluding: 
but. [thing excepted • objection. 

exception, eks-sep'shun, n. exclusion * some-j 

exceptionable, eks-sep'shun-^-bl, a. liable to 
objections. [exception ; peculiar. | 

exceptional, eks-sep'shun-^1, a. forming an] 

excer|1^ ekE-s^rpt', n. extract from a book or 



eks-ses', n. too much of any 
intemperance ; that which exce< 
gree of exceeding ; surplus. 

exeeuive, eks-ses'iv, a. in excess ; beyond the 
proper degree ; immoderate.— adt?. ex- 
cesuv^y.— n. exeeuiveness. 

exchange, eks-chanj', v.t. to give or leave for 
something else ; to barter. — n. act of ex- 
changing ; barter : difference in the value 
of currencies; place where merchants 
meet. [exchanged.! 

exchangeable, eks-chanj'^-bl, a. that may be| 

excheqner, eks-chek'^r, n. a court of revenae: 
treasury. [ties.— 1?.<, to lay excise on. I 

exeiie, eks-slz', n. duty on home commodi-| 

excise, eks-slz', v.t. to cut-out.— n. excimn. 

exciseman, eks-slz'm^n, n. officer who col- 
lects the excise. 

excitable, eks-slt'^bl, a. susceptible of being 
excited.— n. excitabil'ity. 

excitation, eks-slt-a'shun, n. act of exciting. 

exdte, eks-sit', v.t. to call into activity; 
rouse ; irritate. 

excitement, eks-slt'ment, n. act of exciting ; 
state or being excited; agitation; that 
which excites. 

exclaim, eks-klam', v.t. to cry out. 

exclamation, eks-kl^m-ft'shun, n. sudden ut- 
terance ; outcry ; interjection.— a. «- 

exclnde, eks-klfid', v.t. to shut out ; except. 

exclusion, eks-klfi'zhun, n. a shutting or pat- 
ting out ; exception.— a. exdnsive. 

ace, air, add, arm, ftsk, ftll, visage ; sgvCre, ebb, her, mflk^r ; Ice, inn : Odpr, ox, 6flE, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 




exduive. eke-klii'ziv, a. excluding ; tending 
to exclude ; sole. 

oehislTely, eke-klfl^ziv-li, adv. to the exclu- 
sion of others ; solely. 

ezelosiyeness, eks-klft'ziv-nes, n. state or 
quality of being exclusive. 

ezfltgitftte, eks-koi'i-tflt, v.t. to think or reason 
out.— n. ezeogna'tbn. 

aetmiiiiudeate, ek8-k9m-m(ln'i-kSt, v.i. to ex- 
clude from communion. 

exfltaimiudefttioii, eks-kpm-mfin-i-ka'shun, n. 
act of excommunicating ; state of being 

ezetmte, eks-kO'ri-at, v.t. to strip the skin 
from.— n. ozeorit'tioii. 

ezenment, eks'kre-ment, n. ordure • dung.— 
a. ezerenMiiti'tioiu. [growth. I 

eienteenee, eks-kres'ens, n. a superfluous! 

exeifte, eks-kr6t', v.t. to separate for dis- 
charge from the body. 

exention, eks-krS'shun, n. act of excreting ; 
matter excreted .—<<. ezere'tiye, excre'torj. 

ezsnieittfce, eks-krfi'shi-fit, -si-, v.t. to torture. 
— n. ezerneia^tioii. 

ezevlysto, eks-kul'pSt, v.t. to clear from a 
charge ; vindicate. — n. ezenlpa'tioiL— a. ex- 

exenrnon, eks-knr'shun, n. an expedition ; 
ramble ; digression ; pleasure trip. 

tum^t^ eks-kur'siv, a. rambling. 

ixeuaUe, eks-kHz'a-bl, a. that may be ex- 
cused, or justified. 

€zraM, eks-ktlz', v.t. to free from blame or 
faujt; forgive; release; apologize for: 
justify. [apology; plea. 

ezmiML eks-kfis', n. that which excuses ;| 

czeenUe, eks'e-kr^bl, a. detestable ; ac- 
cursed.— arf». ezeenbly. 

ezMrtto, eks'e-krSt, v.t. to curse ; abhor. 

tzMntioii, eks-e-krfl'shun, n. act of execrat- 
ing; imprecation. 

ezeedt, eks'e-ktlt, v.t. to carry into effect ; 
complete ; put to death by law. 

ezeeotioii, eks-fi-ktl'shun, n. performance ; 
completion • canying out a legal sentence ; 
deatn by order of law. 

tzcenftioaer, eks-g-ktl'shun-^r, n. one who 
inflicts capital punishment. 

ezeetttive, egz-ek'yu-tiv, a. that executes or 
carries into effect.— n. person or authority 
that executes the law. 

•SMvtor, egz-ek'yn-t^r, n. person appointed 
to cairy out a wiW.— fern, ezee'atnx. 

onevUrj, egz-ek'yu-t^-ri, a. executing offi- 
cial duties. 

ezegMii, eks-e-jS'sis, n. exposition ; science 
of expounding.— a. «x6g6t'ie, «xeget'iMl. 

tzoBiUr, egz-em'plar, n. pattern ; model ; 

exemplary, egz-em'pl^-ri, a. designed for, or 
worthy of, imitation ; commendable. 

exemplify, egz-em'pli-fl, v.t. to illustrate by 
example.— 7^ exemplifies'tioii. 

exempt, egz-emt', v.t. to free ; grant immu- 
nity from.— a. not liable to ; released.— n. 
one who is not liable to duty.— n. exemp- 
tion, [nies.l 

ezegnies, eks'e-kwiz, funeral ceremo-| 

exereife, eks'^r-sTz, v.t. to use ; practise ; 
train by practice. — v.i. to take exercise. — 
Ti. use ; practice ; exertion ; discipline ; a 
lesson. [put forth energy. I 

exert, egz-^rt', v.t. to bring into action.— t;.i.| 

exertion, egz-^r'shun, n. a bringing into 
action ; effort. [scales.— «. enolui'tion. I 

exfoliate, eks-fO'li-flt, v.i. to come off in| 

exhalation, eks-hal-a'shun, n. act of exhal- 
ing ; vapor ; fume. 

exhale, eks-hfil', v.t. to breathe out ; give out, 
as vapor.— -y.i. to be given out, as vapor. 

ezhanst, egz-fist^ -h&st^ v.t. to drain ; empty; 
use up ; weaken. 

exhaustion, egz-ast'yun, -h&st'-, n. act of 
exhausting * state of being exhausted ; 
extreme fatigue. 

exhanitiye, egz-fist'iv, -h&st'-, a. treating a 
Bubiect with absolute fulness and thor- 
oughness, [not be exhausted.! 

ezhanitlesa, egz-fist'les, -hiist'-, a. that can-| 

exhibit, egz-ib'it, v.t. to display ; show.— n. 
a detailed statement. [exhibits. I 

exhiMter, -tor, egz-ib'it-^r, -^r, n. one who| 

exhibition, egz-i-bish'un, n. display ; show ; 
public spectacle. 

exnilarate, egz-il'ar-at, v.t. to make cheerful ; 
enliven.— n. exnilara'tion. 

exhort, egz-6rt', eks-h6rt', v.t. to advise ; 
urge strongly. 

exhortation, egz-ort-ft'shun, eks-hort-, n. act 
of exhorting ; urgent counsel or advice. — 
a. exhort'atiye, exhort'atory. 

exhume, eks-hfim', v.t. to dig up ; disinter. 
—n. exhnma'tion. 

exigenee, exigeney, eks'i-jens, -i, n. state of 
necessity ; pressing want ; emergency. 

exigent, eks'i-jent, a. demanding immediate 
action ; urgent ; exacting, [isned person. I 

exile, egz'Il, eks'-, n. banishment ; a ban-| 

exile, egz-Il', v.t. to banish. 

exist, egz-ist', v.i. to be ; live. 

existenee, egz-ist'ens, n. being ; life ; any- 
thing that exists. 

existent, egz-ist'ent, a. having existence or^ 
being. [passage out. I - 

exit, eks'it, n. departure ; way of leaving ;| 

exoans, eks'o-dus, n. a going out, ettp. of the 
Hebrews from Egypt. Ixodns, the second 
book of the Old Testament. 

<ft>ze ; tise, rflle, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, ihB ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zhjuie. 

Digitized by LjOOQ iC 




ezo£«ii, ekg'9-jen, n. one of the great divi- 
Bion of plants which grow by i '" " 
between the bark and tne wood,- 

ow by additions 
-a. exog- 
•nou (elcs-oj'en-us). 

exonerate, egz-on'^r-at, v.t. to free from 
charge or obligation.— ;i. ezonera'tioii. 

•xorbituit, egz-6r'bi-tant, a. excessive ; ex- 
travagant.— 7i. «xorntuiee. 

exorcise, -ise, el£s'or-sIz, v.t. to summon or 
expel by adjuration, as an evil spirit. 

exonosm, eks'or-sizm, n. act of exorcising. 

exoreist, eks'or-sist, n. one who exorcises. 

exordium, egz-6r'di-um, n. opening part of a 
discourse or composition.— a. exordial. 

exoterie^ exoterioal, eks-0-ter'ik, -^1, a. com- 
municated to the public, [foreign plant. I 

exotic, eks-ot'ik, a. of foreign origm.— ti. a| 

expand, eks-pand^ v.t. ana v.i. to open : 
spread out ; dilate. [space. 

expinie. eks-pans', n. wide extent ; broad | 

expuwlDle, eks-pans'i-bl, a. that may be ex- 
panded.— n. expuuibil'ity. 

ex|Muiaion, eks-pan'shun, n. act of expand- 
mg J dilation ; extent. 

expuuaTe, eks-pan'siv, a. tending to expand ; 
aittuBe.—adv. expanuTcly.- n. expansive- 

expttiate, eks-pft'shi-at, v.i. to range at large; 
treat of anything at length or diffusely. — 
n. expatia'tion. 

expatriate, eks-pft'tri-at, v.t. to banish from 
one's native land. [one's native land. I 

expatriation, eks-pft-tri-S'shun, n. exile from| 

expee^ eks-pekt% v.t. to look or wait for ; 

expectancy, eks-pekt^n-si. expectation, eks- 
pek-tfl'shun, n. act of exj)ecting ; that 
which is expected ; anticipation ; prospect. 

expectant, eks-pekt'^nt, a. expecting ; look- 
ing for.— n. one who expects. 

expcOTorant, eks-pek'tp-rant, a. promoting 

expectorate, eks-pek'tp-rftt, v.t. and v.i. to ex- 
pel from the lungs or throat, as phlegm, 
etc.— n. expectora'tion. 

expedience, expediencv, eks-pe'di-ens, -i, n. 
fitness ; advisability ; policy. 

expedient, eks-p6'di-ent, a. tending to pro- 
mote ; advisable ; judicious. — n. that 
which promotes ; means ; contrivance. 

expedite, eks'pg-dlt, v.t. to render easy ; 
hasten forward. 

expedition, eks-pg-dish'un, n. speed ; de- 
spatch ; a voyage or journey. 

expeditionf, eke-p§-dish'us, a. rapid ; prompt. 
—adv. expedi'tionsly. [banish. I 

expel, eks-pel', v.t. to drive out by force;! 

expend, eks-pend', v.t. to lay out ; spend ; 

expenditure, eks-pend'i-tyur, n. act of ex- 
pending ; that which is expended. 

expense, eks-pens', n. act of expending ; out- 
lay ; cost. [gant.l 

expensive, eks-pen'siv, a. costly : extrava-| 

experience, eks-^S'ri-ens, n. trial ; knowledge 
gained by trial ; result of observation.— 
v.t. to know by trial or endurance. 

experienced, eks-pS'ri-enst, a. taught by ex- 
perience ; versed. 

experiment, eks-per'i-ment, n. trial ; essay ; 
attempt. — v.i. to make an experiment. 

experimental, cks-per-i-ment'^l, a. pertaining 
to, or founded on, experiment. — adv. «- 
periment'dly. [versed. I 

expert, eks-pert', a. skilful ; adroit ; well| 

expert eks'pert, n. one skilful in, or familiar 
with, anytning. [for.l 

expiable, eks'pi-^bl, a. that may be atonedj 

eniate, eks'pi-at, v.t. to atone for.— n. expia'- 
tion.— a. ex'piatory. 

expire, eks-pir, v.t. to breathe out.— ».i. to 
emit breath ; die ; elapse.— n. expira'tiffn. 

explain, eks-plan', v.t. to make plain or clear ; 

explanation, eks-pl^nft'shun, n. act of ex- 
plaining ; interpretation ; mutual under- 
standing.- a. e^lan'atory. 

expletive, eks'ple-tiv, n. word used for orna- 
ment, or to fill a space. [plained.! 

explicable, eks'pli-k^bl, a. that may be ex-| 

explicate, eks'pli-kat, v.t. to unfold ; explain. 
—n. explica^on. 

explicit, eks-plis'it, a. clear ; plainly s^ted. 
—adv. explicitly.— n. explicitness. 

explode, eks-plOd', v.t. to burst ; cause to 
make an explosion ; bring into disrepute. 
—v.i. to burst or expandf suddenly with 

exploit, eks-ploit', n. a notable or heroic deed. 

explore, eks-plOr', v.t. to search thoroughly ; 
examine to discover.— «. explora'tion.-^. 

explosion, eks-plO'zhun, n. act of exploding ; 
sudden burst or expansion with noise.— 
a. explosive. 

exponent, eks-pO'nent, n. one who, or that 
which, expounds or sets forth ; in algebra, 
the index of a power. 

export, eks-pOrt', v.t. to transport from a 
countnr, as goods.- 71. expeita'tion. 

export, eks'pOrt, n. act of exporting ; com- 
modity exported. 

exporter, eks-pOrt'^r, n. one who exports. 

expose, eks-pOz', v.t. to lay bare ; deprive of 
cover or shelter ; place m danger. 

exposition, eks-pp-zisVun, n. act of exposing ; 
exhibition ; act of expounding ; explana^ 

flee, air, add, arm, ftsk, fill, vis^e ; sgvfire, ebb, h6r, mak^r ; Ice, inn • Odpr, ox, 6ff, 

Digitized by CjOOQiC^ 




ofMittr, eks-poz'i-t^r, n. one who expounds. 

eiftiitory, eke-poz'i-t^-ri, a. eerviug to ex- 

aptstnlftto, eks-pos'tyu-lat, v.i. to remon- 
titrate.— /I. ezpoftnlft'tioii.— a. enM'tnlatory. 

eqonm, ekB-pb'zhur, n. act of exposing; 
state of being exposed ; disclosure ; posi- 
tion with reference to sun, winds, etc. 

exfonnd, eks-pound' v.t. to explain. 

expvuider, eks-pound'^r, n. one who explains. 

eqnu. eks-pres', v.t. to press out ; repre- 
eent by likeness or words ; make known. — 
a. directly stated ; clear.— arfy. expressly. 

express, eks-pre8% n. messenger sent on a 
special errand ; regular and swift convey- 

expntdAii, eks-presh'un, n. a pressing out ; 
representation ; utterance of thought or 
feeling ; phrase ; look. 

expratiTe, eks-pres'iv, a. serving to express ; 
full of expression.— ad». ezprMsively. 

axpropriftte, eks-pro'pri-ftt, v.t. to put out of 
possession.— n. ezpropris'tioii. [a. ezpnlaiye. I 

ezpvliion, eks-pul'shun, n. act of expelling. — | 

ttpimge, eks-punj', v.t. to blot out ; efface. 

ezpargtte, eks-pur'gftt, v.t. to purge ; purify. 
— n. expnrga'non.— a. ezpnr'gatory. 

euusite, eks'kwi-zlt, a. of rare quality; 
highly refined ; dainty ; extreme.— arftJ. 
exquisitely.— n. a daintv person ; fop. 

exUat, eks'tant, a. existing ; remaining. 

•xtempore, eks-tem'p^-ri, adv. or a. without 
preparation ; off-hand.— a. eztempora'neoof, 


•xtemponxe, -ue, eks-tem'p<;>-rTz, v.t. to speak 
or produce off-hand. 

exteno, eks-tend', v.t. to stretch out; en- 
large ; bestow. — v.i. to stretch ; reach. 

cxtennUe, eks-ten'si-bl, a. that may be ex- 
tended.— n. extensiWity. 

extankm, eks-ten'shnn, n. act of extending ■ 
enlargement ; prolon^tion ; quality or 
occupying space. i—adv. ezteniively. i 

exteashre. eks-ten'siv, a. wide; large; ample. | 

extent, eks-tent', n. space ; compass. 

exte&ute, eks-ten'yaSt, v.t. to lessen; 
weaken ; palliate.— n. extenu'tion. 

exterier, eks-te'ri-pr, a. outward ; foreign.— 
«. outside ; outside appearance. 

exterminste, eks-ter'mi-nftt, v.t. to destroy 
utterly.— n. eztermina'tioiL 

external, eks-ter'n^l, a. outward ; apparent. 

externals, eks-ter'n^z, outward parts ; 
on tward forms or appearance. 

extinet, eks-tingkt', a. put out ; no longer 
existing ; deaB.— n. enine'tion. [destroy. I 

extinfush, eks-tin^'gwish, v.t. to quench;] 

extiagnisher, eks-ting'gwish-^r, n. hollow 
conical instrument for putting out candles. 

extirpate, eks-ter'pftt, v.t. to root out ; destroy 
totally.- n. eztirpa'tion. 

extol, eks-tol', v.t. to praise ; exalt in words. 

extort, eks-t6rt', v.t. to wrest ; obtain by 
compulsion. [unjust exaction. I 

extortion, eks-t6r'shun, a. act of extorting ;| 

extortionate, eks-tdr'shun-^t, a. marked by 
extortion ; oppressive. [tises extortion.! 

extortioner, eks-tor'shun-^r, n. one who prac-| 

extra, eks^tra, a. additional ; more than cus- 
tomary, [take out. I 

extract, eks-trakt', v.t. to draw out ; select ;| 

extraet, eks'trakt, n. anything drawn from a 
substance, as by heat, etc. ; passage taken 
from a book or writing. 

extraetion, eks-trak^shun, n. act of drawing 
out ; extract ; lineage. 

extractor, eks-trakt'pr, n. person or thing 
that extracts. 

extradition, eks-tr^ish'un, n. delivery of an 
accused person by one government to an- 

extra-Jndioial, eks-tr^in-dish'^, a. beyond 
the usual course of legal proceeding. 

extraneons, eks-trftn'e-us, a. foreign ; not 

extraordinary, eks-trOr'di-n^-ri, a. not usual ; 
wonderful ; special.— arff. extraordinarily. 

extravaganee, eks-trav'si-g^ns, n. irregularity; 
excess ; lavish expenditure. 

extravagant, eks-trav'^g^nt, a. irregular; 
unrestrained ; excessive. 

extravagansa, eks-trav'^gan'za, n. a fan- 
tastic musical or dramatic composition. 

extravasate, eks-trav'^sat, v.t. to let out of 
the proper vessels, as blood, etc.— »i. ex- 

extreme, eks-tr6m', a. outermost; utmost; 
excessive.— arf«7. exteemelr.— n. the utmost 
limit or degree ; extremity. 

extremist, eks-tr6m'ist, n. one who maintains 
extreme doctrines. 

extremity, eks-trem'i-ti, n. furthest limit ; 
highest degree • great necessity or distress. 

extrieable, el^'tri-k%-bl, n. that may be ex- 
tricated, [free.— 72.extnea'tion.| 

extrieate, cks'tri-kSt, v.t. to disentangle ; set| 

extrixuie, extriniioal, eks-trin'sik, -^1, a. ex- 
ternal ; not essential ; foreign. 

extrude, eks-tr^d', v.t. to thrust out ; ex^\. 
—n. extm'sion. 

exuberant, eks-ti'ber-^nt, a. plenteous ; over- 
flowing : abundant.— ». exnberanee.— oi^t;. 

exudation, eks-yn-da^shun, n. act of exuding ; 
substance exuded. 

exude, eks-fld', v.t. to discharge through 
pores or apertures.— t;.i. to flow out through 
pores, etc. 

<^i>ze ; Use, rflle, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, th^ ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zhiure. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 





•znlt, egz-ult', v.i. to rejoice greatly ; tri- 
umph.— ra. exalta'tion.— a. ezulVant. 
'•, I, n. the organ of eight ; vision ; percep- 
tion ; observation ; anything lilie an eye. 
— v.t. to observe narrowly. 

eyeball, I'bftl, n. ball of the eve. [eye. I 

eyebrow, I'brou, n. arch of hair above the| 

eyelash, I'lash, n. hair on the edge of the 

eyeleu, I'les, a. without eyes, or sight. 

eyelet, I'let, n. hole for lace or cord. 

eye-iervant, I's^r-vj^nt, n. servant who does 
his duty only when observed.— n. eye- 

eyesight, T'sit, n. sight of the eve ; view. 

eyesore, I'sOr, n. something aispleasing to 
the eve. 

eye-tooth, I'tdbth, n. upjper tooth with a sin- 
gle fang, next the grinders. 

oye-witness, I'wit-nes, n. one who sees a 
thing done. [make their nests. I 

eyry, eyrie, a'ri, n. place wnere birds of prey| 

r, f, ef, the sixth letter of the English alpha- 
bet, [bodying a general truth. I 

fkble, fS'bl, n. a fictitious story ; fiction em-| 

fkbrie, fab'rik, n. anything framed or built ; 
construction ; cloth ; tissue. 

fabrieate, fab'ri-kftt, v.t. to make by art and 
labor ; devise falsely.— n. fkbrieator. 

fkbrieatbn, fab-ri-kft'sbun, n. act of fabrica- 
ting ; anything fabricated ; a false state- 
ment, [fables. I 

fabnlist, fab'yji-list, n. one who invents! 

fabulous, fab'yu-lus, a. fictitious ; false ; in- 
credible.— a<?i;. fabulously. 

fit^e, f§-8ftd', n. front of a building. 

faee, fas, n. front of anything ; forepart of 
the head ; look : presence ; boldness.— 
v.t. to meet in front ; oppose ; cover in 
front.— a. fa'eiaL 

fiMot, fas'et, n. a small surface. 

flteetioiu, fa-sS'shuB, a. witty ; jocose. 

faeile. fasMl, a. easy to be done ; yielding. 

llMilitate, fft-sil'i-tat, v.t. to render easy. 

flteility, f{^-sil'i-ti , n. ease ; easiness ; dex- 
terity.— in pi. means that render easy. 

faeing, fas'ing, n. a covering in front ; outer 
covering. [semblTng the original. I 

fae-simile, fak-sim'i-li, n. copy exacfly re-| 

flwt. fakt, n. an act ; event ; reality. 

faetion. fak'shun, n. association of hostile 
partisans : cabal ; dissension.— a. faetioiu. 

fMtttioiis, fak-tish'us, a. made by art. 

flaetor, f ak'tpr, n. an agent in trade ; one of 
two quantities multiplied together. 

fiMtorage, fak't^r-^j, n. commission paid a 
factor. [tor ; manufactory.! 

factory, fak't^-ri, n. establishment of a fac-J 

faetotom. fak-tO'tum, n. a person employed 
in all kinds of work. 

fltealty, fak'ul-ti, n. power of the mind; 
ability ; professors of a college ; members 
of a proiession. 

fikd, faa, n. a passing fashion ; hobby; whim. 

ilkde, fad, v.i. to lose color or strengtn ; vaoieh 
gradually. — v.t. to cause to fade. 

fltf, fag, v.i. to dmdge.—v.t. to cause to 
drudge ; weary by toll.— n. one who does 
menial service ; drudge. [refuse * end. I 

flig-end, fag'end^ n. loose end of anything;! 

fagot, f ag'9t, n. bundle of sticks for bumiDg. 

Fahrenheit, f ar'en-hit a. measured by a ther- 
mometer on which the freezing-point is 
32® and the boiling-point 812®. 

ftjbnee. fft-C-on^s', fI-yon^% n. kind of fine 

ML, fai, v.i. to fall short ; give out ; not 
succeed ; decay ; become insolvent.— t;.^ 
to be wanting to ; disappoint. 

failuxe, fal'ynr, n. act of failing ; omission ; 
want ; decav ; bankruptcy. 

flun, fan, a. glad ; eager ; inclined ; content 
for lack or better. — adv. gladly. 

fUnt, fant, a. weak; feeble; indistinct; 
dispirited ; inclined to swoon.— t>.i. to be- 
come weak ; swoon.— orfi;. fUntly.— n. 

flur, far, a. clear : free from blemish ; bean- 
tiful; light-colored; prosperous; equi- 
table j pleasing.— ad«. fairly.— n.fkuness.— 
the fkir, the female sex. 

fidr, far, n. a stated market ; sale of articles 
for some benevolent purpose. 

fairy, far'i, n. an elf ; small supernatural 
being?— a. of, or pertaining to, rairies. 

futL f ath, n. belief ; confidence ; fidelity ; 
plighted word or honor. 

HytUtil, fath'ful. a. firm in faith or duty; 
exact ; true.— <idv. fiuthftilly.~n. fuOfU- 

fkithless, fath'les, a. without 
faith ; false ; treacherous. 

faloate, fiOeated, fal'kat, -ed, 
{f)rop. fai'-), a. curved like a 

fiJehion, fai^shun, n. a short, 
curved sword. 

faleoB, fa'kn, n. name given to 
several species of hawk. 

fiJconer, fft'kn-^r, n. one who 
trains falcons. 

faleonry, fS'kn-ri, n. art of 
training falcons to take wild- 
fowl ; hunting with falcons. Falc<Hi. 

ace, §ir, add, arm, gsk, &11, vis^c ; severe, ebb, hdr, mak^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, Cff, 

d by Google 

Digitized b 




hH, fal, v.i. to descend by force of gravity ; 
decline ; sink ; abandon virtue. faith, etc.; 
happen ; rueh.—p.t. tiil\.—p.p. fUlen. 
ftU, fal, n. act of falling ; descent ; decline 
in value ; autumn ; a cascade ; lapse from 
innocence, etc. 

>n8, fft-la'shus, a. deceiving ; delusive. 
', fal'^-si, n. deceptive appearance ; 


" ffil'n. 


n,».i>. of fell. [Ml'ity.l 

flOliUA, fal'i-bl, a. liable to error.— n. fidli-| 

lUlow, fal'O, a. ploughed and left unsown ; 
untilled ; unemployed.— ». land left un- 
sown.- n. fallowness. 

Mew-deer, fal'0-d6r, n. a 
small species of deer, with 
flat antlers. 

fUse, f&ls, a. not true; un- 
faithful ; not reaX.—adv. 
fklielY.— n. fiUsenesB. 

ftliehoed, f&ls'hud, faliity, 
f&ls'i-ti, n. want of truth or 
fidelity ; deceit ; a lie. 

lUietto, ffiJ-set'tO, n. range of 
voice above its natural com- 
pass.— a. fUsetto. 

lUnfy, f&ls'i-fl, v,t. to make, 
or prove to be, false ; counterfeit ; break, 
as a promise.— 71. flidsmea'tioiL 

ftlter, f&l't^r, v.i. to totter; hesitate in 
speech ; waver. [tation.l 

fkiM, film, n. public report ; renown ; repu-| 

fuud, fftmd, a. having fame ; renowned. 

funiliAr, fa-mil'y^, a. intimate ; free; versed 
in ; well-known.— arfr. fkmiliarly.— n. an 
intimate acquaintance ; attendant demon. 

fknuliariky, fft-mil-i-ar'i-ti, n. state of being 
familiar ; intimacy ; freedom, [familiarj 

temiliariie, -iee, f§-miPy^-Iz, v.t. to make| 

fluDily, fam'i-li, n. house- 
hold; descendants of 
one ancestor ; race ; 

flMU]ie,famMn.n. hunger; 
scarcity of food. 

ftaaiih, fam'lsh, v.t. to 
kill by hunger ; starve. 
— «.». to die, or suffer, 
Ijy hunger or thirst. 

ftlMM, fft'mus, a. renowned \, 
noted.— oc^v. funouly. 

Am, fan, n. instrument to 
MOW and cool the face ; con- 
trivance for winnowing grain, * *^" 
etc.— «?.<. to blow with a fan. 

butie, fknfttioal, f^nat'ik, -9.I, a. extrava- 
gant and enthusiastic, esp. in religion. 
— n. fiBtt'ieifiii.— ^. an extravagant en- 

^ fan'si-ful, a. abounding in fancy ; 
imaginative ; capricious. 

fancy, f an'si, n. imagination ; caprice ; no- 
tion ; liking.— a. pleasing, or created by, 
fancy.— ».^. and v.i. to imagine ; be 
pleased with. 

fkndaago, fan-dang'gO, n. a Spanish dance. 

fane, ffin, n. a temple. [speech.! 

fanfitronade, fan-rar'9-nftd', n. boastful! 

fang, fang, «. tooth of a beast of prey or 
serpent ; root of a human tooth. 

facnged, fangd, a. having fan^. 

fiutaetie, fantaetioal, fan-tas'tik, -^1, a. fanci- 
ful ; extravagant ; capricious. 

fantasy, fan't^-si, n. f&ncj ; imagination. 

far, far, a. distant ; remote.— ac^v. at, or to, 
a distance ; very much.— comp. further, 
tfoUkK.—sup. fkrtneit ftirthest. 

farce, f ftrs, n. a low and ludicrous play ; ab- 
surdity ; pretense. — a. foreical. 

fare, f§r, v.i. to get on or succeed ; to be in 
any state ; to feed. — n. price of passage ; 

farewell, farVel, int. expressing a good wish 
at parting,— fi. a salute at parting ; taking 
leave.— a. parting ; final. 

for-fetched. far'fecht^ a. brought from a dis- 
tance ; laboriously ingenious. 

fiurina, f^rS^n^, n. meal; starch; pollen.— 
a. fitfina'ceoQi. 

fitrm, fftrm, n. piece of land in cultivation. 
— v.t. to cultivate, as a farm • to let out or 
contract for, on condition of sharing the 
proceeds, as the collection of taxes, etc. 

farmer, f&rm'^r, n. one who cultivates a 
farm ; one who collects taxes, etc., for a 
share of the proceeds. 

fanning, fftrm^mg, n. agriculture ; tillage. 

fore, fgr^O, n. a game at cards. 

farrago, f ar-rft'gO, n. a medley ; jumble. 

farrier, far'i-^r, n. a horse-shoer ; one who 
treats diseases of horses. 

fturriery, far'i-^r-i, n. business of a farrier. 

farrow, far'O, n. a litter of pigs. — v.i. to bring 
forth pigs. 

fkrther, iftr'^A^r, a. more distant ; additional. 
— adv. at, or to, a greater distance ; more- 

fluthing, f ftr'^Aing, n. one-fourth of a penny. 

futhingale, f&r7Aing-gal, n. ancient kind of 
hooped skirt. 

fiweinate, fas'i-nftt, v.t. to charm ; enchant. 

fascination, f as-i-nfi^shun, n. act or power of 
fascinating; charm. 

fluhion, fash'un, n. form ; custom ; prevail- 
ing Btvle.—v.t. to shape ; adapt. 

fluhionaUe, fash'un-^bl, a. according to, or 
following, the prevailing mode.— a. fitfh- 

(Ibze ; Use, rfile, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, ih6 ; 

get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zhj|ure. 

Digitized by VJOOQlC 




fMt, fftst, a. firm ; fixed.— ac?v. firmly. 

fut, fast, a. rapid ; quick.— arft?. swiftly. 

fMt, fftst, v.i. to abetain from food.— «. 
abstinence from food ; day of fasting. 

fasten, ffts'n, t.t. to make fast; attach 
firmly. — v.i. to fix itself. 

fitftening, fas'n-ing, n. that which makes 
fast or secures. 

flutidioiUL fas-tidM-us, a. squeamish; oTer- 
nice ; nard to please.— a</t;. fttitidionsly.- 
n. fkrtidioiunefs. [stronghold. I 

futneis, fftst'nes, n. state of being fast ;l 

fkt, fat, n. solid animal oil ; choicest part of 
productions. — a. abounding in fat ; plump; 
corpulent. — v.t. and v.i. to make or be- 
come fat. [calamitous.— arfv. fatally. I 

fatal fft't^l, a. appointed by fate ; deadly : 

flitalism, fft't^l-izm, n. doctrine that all 
events are predetermined. 

fiatalitj, fft-tal'i-ti, n. decree of fate ; ap- 
pointed calamity ; mortality. [death. [ 

fate, fat, n. inevitable necessity ; destiny ; | 

Fates, fats, three goddesses once oe- 
lieved to preside over men's destinies. 

fkted, fat'ed, a. decreed by fate. 

father, fa'^^^r, n. a male parent ; ancestor ; 
originator ; early writer of the Church ; 
the Father, first Person of the Trinity.— v. ^ 
to adopt. 

fatherhood, fft^A^r-hfid, n. state of being a 
father, [one's husband or wire. I 

father-in-law, fft7A?r-in-ia, n. father of) 

fatherland, fa'^^^r-land, n. land of one's 

fatherless, fftYA^r-les, a. having no father. 

fatherly, f&7^^r-li, a. of, or like, a father ; 

fathom, fa^A'^m, v.t. to measure the depth 
of ; comprehend.— n. nautical measure of 
six feet. [fathomed. I 

fathomless, fa/A'Qm-les, a. that cannot be| 

fati|^a^ fft-t6g', n. weariness from labor ; 
toil.— v. ^. to make weary ; tire. 

fatness, fat'nes, n. state of being fat ; 
plumpness ; corpulence ; fertility. 

fatten, fat'n, v.t. and v.i. to make or grow 

fatty, fat'i, a. of, or like, fat ; unctuous. 

fataity. fft-tfl'i-ti, n. weakness of mind ; im- 
becility ; folly, 

fatnons, fat'yd-us, a. imbecile ; foolish. 

fanoet, f&'set, n. pipe or spigot for drawing 
off liquids. 

fault fait, n. failing ; error ; defect ; slight 
offense.— in g^. rupture of stiBta. 

faultless, fait'les, a. without fault. 

faulty, ralt'I, a. having faults ; erroneous : 
defective; guilty of a fault, [or period. 

fauna, fan'a, n. all the animals of any region| 

favor, fa'vpr, n. kind regard ; good will : 
act of kindness.- v.<, to be well dispoeed 
to ; treat with indulgence ; afford ad- 
vantage to. 

favorable, fa'vpr-a-bl, a. inclined to favor; 
propitious ; aavantageous. — adv. favera- 

favorite, fa'v^r-it, n. person or thing espe- 
cially favored or preferred, — a. esteemai : 
preferred. [ing undue preference. 

favoritism, fa'vpr-it-izm, n. practice of show-l 

fawn, fftn, n. a young deer. 

fawn, f&n, v.i. to flatter with servility. 

fay, ra, n. a fairy ; elf. [superior. I 

fealty, f6'^-ti. n. loyalty or fidelity to a| 

fiMtf, f6r, n. alarm ; apprehension of evil ; 
reverential awe.— 1).<. and v.i. to r^ard or 
expect with fear ; dread ; be afraid. 

fearfol, fSr'f^, a. full of fear ; afraid ; caus- 
ing fear; terrible.— adv. fearfUly.— n. 

fearless, fCr'les, n. without fear ; undaunted ; 
brave.— ac^v. fearlessly.— n. fMrlessness. 

feasible, f6z'i-bl, a. that may be done ; prac- 
ticable.— od«. feasibly.— w. f»siba'ity. 

feast, fCst, n. a holiday ; rich banquet.— t>.t. 
to hold or partake of a feast.— r.^ to 
entertain sumptuously. 

feat, fet, n. an exploit ; trick ; notable per- 

featiier, fe^A'^r, n. one of those growthe 
which form the covering of birds ; any- 
thing like a feather.- ».<, to cover with 
feathers ; to turn (an oar) as it leaves tbe 
water. P>iing, feathers. I 

feathery, fe/A'^r-i, a. covered with, orresem-l 

ftatly, fet'li, adv. dexterously ; neatly. 

feature, fCt'yur, n. prominent trait of any- 
thing ; part of the face. 

febriltige, feb'ri-ftlj, n. remedy for fever. 

febrile, feb'ril, fS'-, a. pertainmg to fever. 

February, feb'rfi-^-'ri, n. second month of 
the year. [filth ; foul.— n. fteulsBei.1 

fMulent, fek^yn-lent, a. containing dr^^ or| 

feeund, fek'und, a. fruitful ; prolific. 

feeundate, fek'und-at, v.t. to make fruitful ; 
impregnate.— n. ftounda'tion. 

feeundity, fg-kund'i-ti, n. fruitfulness. 

fed, fed, p.t. and p.p. of feed. [compact. I 

federal, fed'^r-^l, a. pertaining to a league or| 

federauon, fed-^r-ft'shun, n. a league ; con- 
federacy ; compact 

Hm, f6, n. recompense for service ; landed 
estate. — v.t. to pay a fee to. 

feeble, ffi'bl, a. weak in mind or body ; faint 
—adv. ttKXij.—n. fMbleness. 

feed, fed, v.t. to give food to ; supply.— »•»• 
to take ' food ; derive nourishment-n. 
food, esp. of horses, etc. 

ace, air, add, arm, ftsk, ail, vis^e; sgvCre, ebb, her, mak^r^^e, inn* Odpr, ox, Off, 

Digitized by VjOOQ It: 




ftd, fel, v.t. to perceive by touch ; be con- 
BciooB of ; be keenly sensible of. — v.i. to 
know by toach ; have emotions excited ; 
impart a sensation to the totich. 

ftikr, fel'^r, n. antenna of an insect ; some- 
thing intended to sound the opinions of 

fNUnf , fSl'ing, n. touch • sensibility ; emo- 
tion. — a. fuU of sensibility ; tender.— atfv. 
fiidincly. Pand. 

ftt-ninple, f6'sim'pl, n. absolute tenure of 

ftet. fSt, pi. of foot [feit. 

fagn^ fSn, v.t. and v.i. to pretend ; counter- 

liBBt, ffint, n. false show ; pretense ; pre- 
tended attack. 

ftUipar, fUspar, feld'spftr, fersp&r, n. a 
crystalline mineral.— a. feldiptuie, fell-. 

fUiaitato, fe-Iis'i-tfit, v.t. to make happy ; 
congratulate.— n. felieiU'tion. 

fUidteiu, fg-lis^i-tns, a. happy ; prosperous ; 
happily appropriate. — adv. felioiteiiuy. 

ftUoity, fe-lis'i-ti, n. happiness ; delight. 

ftloM, fC'lin, -iTn, a. pertaining to cats ; cat- 

ftll, fel, a. fierce ; cruel ; terrible. 

ftU, fel, v.t. to cut down ; cause to fall. 

ftU, fel, v.t. to sew with over-stitches. 

m, fel, p.t. of ML 

fell, fel, n. hide of a beast ; skin. 

fUlM, fel'<?, felly, fel'i, n. part of the rim of 
a wheel. 

lUlew, fel'O, n. an associate ; equal ; mate ; 
resident scholar at a university ; member 
of a scientific society ; person. 

feUew-foelinc, fel'O-feimg, 71. sympathy. 

fidlewihipj fel'O-ship, n. friendly associa- 
tion ; mtercourse ; endowment for the 
support of a resident scholar ; position of 
a Fellow of a college. 

ftlML fel'9n, n. one guilty of felony : pain- 
ful swelling caused by inflammation of 
the periosteum. [crime.— a. felo'nions. I 

fUmy, fel'o-ni. n. a heinous or capital! 

felffar, see feUf par. 

Ut, felt, p.t. and p.p. of feel 

fttt, felt, n. fabric of matted wool or fur. 

iiOMle, ffi'mfll, a. of the sex that produces 
young.— w. one of the female sex. 

ftniaine. fem'i-nin, a. pertaining to, or re- 
sembling, women ; tender ; delicate. 

ftmond, fem'^r-^, a. pertaining to the thigh. 

fto, fen, n. a marsh ; bog.— a. fenny. 

ftnee, fens, n. a structure for inclosmg land. 
—v.t. to inclose with a fence.— ».{. to 
practise fencing. [sword-exercise. I 

tmanf, fens'ing, n. material for a fence;] 

fend, fend, v.t. to ward off. 

turn, fend'^r, n. guard placed before a fire ; 
guard for a ship's side. 

Fenian, fC'ni-^, n. member of an Irish po- 
litical society.— a. pertaining to, or done 
by. Fenians. 

fennu, fen'el, ti. an aromatic plant. 

feoff, fef, v.t. to invest with the fee of land. 
—n. feofltaient. [leaven. 

ferment, f6r'ment, n. agitation ; yeast or| 

ferment, f^r-ment', v.t. to agitate; excite 
fermentation.— 1;.£. to become agitated ; to 
undergo change, with evolution of gas, as 
dough, wort, etc. 

fermentation, fer-ment-ft'shun, n. act of fer- 
menting ; change in compounds of sugar 
or starch, producing alcohol or vinegar.— 
a. ferment' ative ; ferment'aUe. 

fern, f6rn, n. a flowerless plant with feathery 
leaves.— a. ferny. 

feroeionf, fg-rO'shus, a. savage ; fierce.— orfi;. 
ferodonely.- n. ferocity, feroeiouneM. 

ferret, fer'et, n. a 
kind of weasel . /#• iVi 
—v.t. to search 
out carefully. 

ferriage, fer'i-^j, 
n. fare for pass- 
ing a ferry. 

fermginona, fer- Ferret. 

rfi~ji-nus, a. 
pertaining to, or containing, iron. 

femde. fer'il, -ul, n. ring at the end of a 
staff, etc. 

feiry, fer'i, n. place for crossing a river, etc., 
in a boat. — v.t. to carry over in a boat. 

ferryman, fer'i-m^n, n. one who takes pas- 
sengers over a ferry. [fertil'ny. I 

fertile, fer' til, a. fruitful ; productive,— n.l 

fertiliae. -iee, fer'til-Iz, r.^ to make fertile. 

femle. ler'il, -ul, n. rod used for punishing 

fervent, fer 'vent, a. warm ; ardent.— adv. 
fervently.— 71. ferreney. 

fervid, f^r'vid, a. very hot ; fiery ; ardent.— 
adv. fervidly.— n. fervidneis. [zeal.i 

fervor, f^r'vor, n. state of being hot ; ardor ;| 

festal, fes'tal, a. pertaining to a feast. 

fester, fes't^r, v.t. to rankle ; corrupt ; sup- 
purate.— n. a suppurating sore or wound. 

festival, fes'ti-v^, n. a feast ; joyful celebra- 
tion, [joyous.— arft?. festively.! 

flMtive, fes'tiv. a. pertaining to a feast ; gay ;| 

festivity, fes-tiv'i-ti, n. social gaiety ; joyous 

festoon, fes-tdbn', n. garland, ribbon, etc., 
suspended between two points. 

fbteh, fech, v.t. to bring ; go for and bring ; 
obtain, as a price. 

fttoh, fech, n. a trick • artifice. 

ftte, fat, fat, 71. a festival.— ».<. to entertain 

(fcze; flse, rftle, pull, up; oil, out; thin, th6; get, jet; kin, sin; chip, az(zh)ure. 

® Digitized by Google 




fttid. fwtid, fet'id. a. emelling offensively. 

fftisli, fetich, fC'tlsh, n. object to which bu- 
pernatural powers are ascribed. 

Moek, fet'loK, n. lock of hair behind a 
horse^s foot ; place where it grows. 

IMtor, fet'^r, n. chain for the foot ; restraint. 
—v.t. to put fetters on ; restrain. 

ftnd, ftid, n. family quarrel ; continued hos- 
tility, [dalism.! 

ftndaL fti'dal, a. pertaining to fiefs, or feu-| 

feadalism, fa'd^l-izm, n. system of holding 
lands from a superior on condition of 
military service ; customs, manners, etc., 
accompanying this system. 

fever, f 6'ver, n. disease marked by increased 
heat of Dody and quickening of the pulse ; 
mental excitement.— ».<. to put into a 
fever. [dicating fever. I 

ftverifh, fC'v^r-ish, a. slightly fevered ; in-| 

few, ftl, a. not many.— w. fewness. 

fei, fez, n. a Turkish felt cap. [flane^.l 

flanei, f6-ftn^-sft', n. a betrothed man.— /em. 1 

flat, ti'ff-U n. a command ; decree. 

fib, fib. n. a falsehood ; lie in trivial matters. 
—v.t. to tell a fib. [substance. I 

fibre, fl'b^r, w. fine thread or thread-like| 

flbru, fl'bril, n. a minute fibre. 

flbrine, fl'brin, n. a nitrogenous substance 
found in blood. [ing, fibres. I 

flbroiu, fl'brus, a. consisting of, or contain-) 

flekle, fik'l, a. inconstant ; variable.— n. 
flekleness. [potter.! 

fletile, fik'til, a. moulded ; shaped by the| 

flotion, fik'shun, 71. an invented story. 

fietitioiis, fik-tish'us, a. invented ; imaginary ; 

fiddle, fid'l, n. stringed instrument played 
with a bow : violin. — v.i. to play the fidale. 

flldle-bow, flddlestiek, fid'l-bo, -stik, n. bow 
for playing the fiddle. 

fiddler, fiu'ler, n. one who plays the fiddle. 

fldeUty, fi-del'i-ti, n. faithfulness ; loyalty ; 

fidget, flj'et, v.i. to move restlessly or nerv- 
ously. — n. irregular motion ; nervous rest- 
lessness.— a. fldgetv. 

fidnoial, fi-dfl'shi-al, fidaeiarr, fl-dfl'-shi-^-ri, 
a. showing confidence ; or the nature of a 
trust. [trust. I 

fldneiary, fi-dtl'shi-^ri, n. one who holds a| 

fie, fl, int. denoting disapproval or disgust. 

fief^ f6f, n. land held of a superior on condi- 
tion of military service. 

field, f Sid, n. open ground ; inclosed land ; 
place of a battle ; oattle ; space for action ; 

field-day, fCld'da, n. day for instruction in 
field-exercises. [ercise in the field. I 

field-ezereise, fSld'eks'^r-elz, n. military ex-| 

field-gliM, f61d'[ 

n. portable telescope 

or spy-glass, such as is used by officers m 
the field ; large opera-glass of distant 


high military rank, 
feld'm&r'sh^, n. an officer of j 
, fSld'of'i-s^r, n. military officer 
above a captain. [field of battle.! 

fleld-pieee, f61d'p6s, n. cannon used on the| 

flend, fend, n. a devil ; demon. 

flendiBh, fSnd'ish, a. of, or like, a fiend.— 
adv. fiendishly. —n. flendishness. 

fleree, fCrs, a. violent ; ferocious ; angry.— 
adv. flereely.— n. fiereeness. 

fiery, fl'ri, fl'^-ri, a. of, or like, fire ; im- 
petuous ; quick-tempered. — n. fleriness. 

flft, fif, n. a shrill wind-instrument— t;.i. to 
play the fife. 

flfer, fl'fer, n. one who plays the fife. 

fifteen. fit'tSn, a. five and ten. 

fifth, fifth, a. next after the fourth.— n. one 
or five equal parts. 

fiftieth, fif^ti-eth, a. next after the forty- 
ninth.— n. one of fifty equal parts. 

fifty, fif'ti, a. five times ten. 

fig, fig, n. a sweet fruit 
growing in warm 
climates ; tree that 
bears figs. 

fight, frt, v.i. to con- 
tend in war or sin- 
gle combat.— t?.^. to 
combat with.—p.t. 
and p.p. fonghi— n. 
a combat • struggle. 

flghtinf . flt'mg, a. en- 
gaged in, or fit for, 

figment, fig'ment, n. in- 
vention ; fiction. 

flgnnte, fig'yur-^t, a. of a certain figure. 

flgnration, fig-yur-S'shun, n. act of giving 

flgnrative, fig'yur-^tiv, a. containing figures ; 
metaphorical.— adv. flgnratiTely. 

flgnre, fig'yur, n. shape : form ; statue : ap- 
pearance ; character denoting a number ; 
metaphor.— t;.^. to make an image of; 
mark with figures ; note by figures.— f.i. 
to make figures ; appear conspicuously. 

filament, fU'^ment, n. a slender thread.— a. 

filbert, fll'b^rt, n. nut of the cultivated hazel. 

flleh, filch, v.t. to steal ; pilfer. 

file, frl, n. steel instniment for smoothing 
metals,etc.— 1>.<. to cut or smooth with a file. 

file, fll, n. wire on which papers are stuck ; 
bundle of arranged papers ; list ; line of 
soldiers behind one another. — v.t. to put 
upon a file.— v.i. to march in file. 

ace, ah", add, arm, ftsk, aU, visage ; sgvere, ebb, her, mak^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, 61f, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 




filial, fll'y^, a. pertaining to, or becoming, 

the relation or a child to a parent, 
filiate, fil'i-&t, v.t. to assign a child to a 

p^nt. [tion, of a child to a parent. I 

flliatian, fil-i-ft'shun, n. assignment, or rela-| 
fiiboster, fll-i-bust'^r, n. a freebooter.— v.i. 

to act as a freebooter j to obstruct legis- 
lation by dilatory motions, etc. 
flliOM, fil'i-gr6, n. ornamental work in 

mreads of gold or silver, 
filings, fll'ingz, particles rubbed off by 

a file, 
fill, fil, v.t, to make full ; supply ; occupy.— 

v.i. to become f ull.— n. a lull supply. 
fiUi^ fil'et, n. a band ; piece of meat from 

the thigh. [vacant space. I 

filling, firing, n. something used to fill a| 
fillip, flrip, v.t. to strike with the nail of the 

fiii^er sprung from the thumb. — n. a blow 

thus given with the finger, 
filly, fil'i, n. a young mare, 
film, film, A. a thin skin ; pellicle— a. filmy. 

—n. fllmiBMf. — v.t. to cover with a film, 
filter, fil't^r, n. substance or apparatus 

through which liquids are strained.— v. ^ 

to strain through a filter.— v.i. to pass 

through, as through a filter, 
filth, filth, n. that which defiles ; foul matter, 
fittky, filth'i, a. dirty ; foul ; obscene.- n. 

fllthineM. [filter ; strain.— n. filtra'tion. I 
fittnte, fil'trat, w. the liquid filtered. -v./. toi 
fin, fin, n. swimming organ of a fish, 
finil, fl'n^l, a. ending ; decisive ; pertaining 

to an end.— adv. finally, 
finale, fi-na'le, n. last movement in a piece of 

masic ; last part of any performance, 
finality, fl-nal'i-ti, n. state of being final ; 

decisive ; close, 
finanee, fin-ans', n. revenue ; public money ; 

art of managing money-matters.- a. to- 

an'eiaL [money-matters. I 

finaader, fin-an-sCr', n. one who manages 
find^ finch, n. name of several species or 

flai, nno, v.t. and v.i. to discover ; perceive ; 

supply. -^p.<. and p.p. found, 
fine, rin, a. excellent ; beautiful ; showy ; 

delicate ; not coarse ; keen.— arft;. finely.- 

n. fineness. — v.t. to refine. [a fine upon, 
fine, fin, n. penalty in money.— v.t. to impose 
finer, fln'^r, n. a refiner. [ments, etc. 

finery, fln'^r-i, n. fine or showy dress, oma- 
fineMe,fi-nes', n. artifice ; subtle stratagem.— 

v.i. to use artifice, 
fiacer, fing'g^r, n. one of the five extremities 

of the hand. — v.t. to touch or perform on 

with the fingers, 
fiacer-beard, fing'g^r-bOrd, n. key-board of a 

magical instrument. 

fingering, fin^'g^r-ing, n. act or manner of 
touching With the fingers, [—adv. flnieally. I 

igi „ . . 

finical, fin'i-k^, a. aflEectedljr nice or precise, 
finis, fl'nis, n. end ; conclusion, 
finisn, fin'ish, v.t. to end ; conclude ; com- 

f)lete ; perfect.— n. that which finishes : 
ast touch or process. [— n. finiteness. 

finite, fl'nit, a. having an end ; limited.! 

B, fln'i, a. furnished with fins. 
fyOrd, n. see flord. 
sr. n. name of several species of cone- 
bearing trees, or thdr wood. 

fire, fir, n. heat and light caused by burning ; 
flame ; anything burning ; ardent passion ; 
enthusiasm.— ».<. to set on fire ; discharge; 
animate.— t;.i. to take fire ; discharge fire- 

firearms, flr^&rmz, arms which are dis- 
charged by exploding gunpowder, 

firebrand, fir' brand, n. burning piece of wood. 

flreiiUun^, fir'damp, n. explosive gas in mines. 

fire-engine, flr'en-jin, n. a force-pump for 
extinguishing fires. [of many species. I 

fire-fly, fir'fll, n. a winged, luminous beetle! 

fireman, flr'm^n, n. man who extinguishes 
fires ; man who tends the fires, as of a 

fireplaee, fir'plfls, n. place for the fire ; hearth. 

fire-plug, fir'plug, n. discharge-pipe from 
which water may be drawn at fires. 

fire-proof, fir'prdbf, a. proof against fire. 

fire-ship, flr'ship, n. ship filled with com- 
bustibles to set others on fire. 

fireside, fir'sid, n. side of the fireplace; 
hearth ; home. 

firewood, flr'wud, n. wood for fuel. 

fire-works, fir'wurks, preparations of 
gunpowder, etc., fired for purposes of 

firkin, fer'kin, n. measure equal to the quar- 
ter of a barrel ; small tub or cask. 

firm, f6rm, a. fixed ; solid ; compact ; reso- 
lute.— «rft;. firmly.— n. firmness. 

firm, f6rm, n. title of a business house ; a 

fimament, ferm'^-ment, n. the sky. 

first, ferst, n. earliest ; foremost ; chief.— 
adv. before the rest. [animal. I 

flrsUing, ferst'ling, n. first offspring of an| 

first-rue, ferst'rat, a. of the best quality; 

fiso, flsk, n. the public treasury. 

fiscal, fisk'skl, a. pertaining to the treasury or 
revenue.— n. a treasurer. 

fish, fish, n. an animal living in the water 
and breathing by gills.-?'./, to search for 
fish, or as for fish, to draw out.— v.i. to 
catch, or try to catch, fish ; try to obtain 
by artifice. 

<A>ze; flse, rfile, pull, up; oil, out; thin, 

thB ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 




fisher, fishermtn. flsh'^r, -man, n. one who 
fishes ; one whose occupation is fishing. 

fishery, fish'^-ri, n. place, or business, of 

fish-hoo^ fish-huk, n. hook for catching fish. 

fishing, fish'ing, n. art or practice of catch- 
ing fish. 

fishmonger, fish'muug-g^r, n. a dealer in fish. 

fishT, fishM, a. flsh-like ; tasting or smelling 
like fish ; consisting of, or abounding in, 

fissile, fis'il, a. that may be split, [opening. I 

fissure, flsh'ur, -fir, n, a cleft ; slit ; narrow] 

fist fist, n. the clenched hand. 

fistienir, fistM-knf, n. a blow with the fist. 

fistnla;. flst'yu-lft, n. a deep, narrow ulcer.— 
a. fistnlons. 

fisinlar, fist'yu-1^, a. hollow, like a pipe. 

fit, fit, a. adapted to anything ; suitable : 
proper. - ad». fitly.— n. fitness.— ».^. to 
make fit or conformable ; to conform to ; 
suit; furnish with something adapted. — 
v.i. to be suitable or conforming.— n. 
adaptation ; conformity. 

fit, fit, n. attack of convulsions; sudden 
paroxysm ; interval ; passing humor. 

fitnil, fit'ful, a. marked bv sudden impulses ; 
capricious.- a</». fitftilly.— n. fitftilness. 

fitting, fitting, a. appropriate ; becoming. 

five, ilv, a. four and one. [times as great. I 

fivefold, fiv'fold, a. composed of five ; five] 

fix. fiks, v.t. to make firm ; fasten ; estab- 
lish.— ^>.i. to settle permanently ; become 
firm. [state. I 

fizstion. fiks-S'shun, n. act of fixing ; firm| 

fixed, fikst, a. made firm ; settled ; not liable 
to evaporate. — ddv. fix'edly.— n. fix'edness. 

fixity, fiks'i-ti, n. state of being fixed or firm. 

fixture, flks'tyur, n. anything fixed ; fixed 
appendage, [coast of Norway. See fiord. I 

Siord, fyOrd, n. a narrow bay or inlet on the| 
abby, flab'i, a. loose : hanging ; soft.— n. 

flaobiness. [fisoeidness, fiMeid'ity.| 

flMoid, flak'sid, a. soft ; loose ; flabby.— w.| 
fiag, flag, v.i. to grow languid ; droop, 
fiag^ flag, n. en- 
sign ; stand- 

fiag, flag, n. a 

plant with 


fiag, flag, n. a 

large flat stone. 
fiagelUte, flaiV- 

lat, v.t. to whio 

or scourge.— « 

fiageolet, flaj'9-let, 71. a small musical pipe. 

S. flag. 

flagitioiiB, fla-jish'us, a. grossly wicked; 
sXroQxoxiB.—udv. flagitioiisly.— n. fiagitioas- 
ness. [squadron of ships. | 

fiag-oflleer, flag'of-i-s^r, n. commander of a| 

fiagon, flag'<;>n, n. narrow-mouthed vessel. 

flagrant, nk'gr^nt, a. ardent ; glaring ; hein- 
ous.— ocft;. flafl[z«ntly.— ». fiananey. 

fiag-ship, flag'ship, n. ship which bears the 
flag-officer. [from the husk. I 

fiail, flSl, n. swinging club for beating grain 

flake, flftk, n. a scale ; small layer ; small 
loose mass.— t?.^. to separate into flakes.— 
v.i. to form flakes ; separate in flakes. 

flaky, fla'ki, a. consisting of flakes.- 


«»»»p..^ flam'bo, n. a lighted torch.— p/.| 

flamboyant, flam-boi'^nt, a. florid ; showy ; 

une, flftm, n. burning gas ; blaze * ardor ; 
passion.— v.i. to blaze ; shine like flre : 
burst into passion. [hement. 

flaming, fiSmang, a. blazing ; brilliant ; ve-l 

flamingo, fla-ming'go, n. a 
red, long-neck^ wading 

fiance, flanj, n. projecting 
edge, as on a car- wheel. 

flank, flangk, n. side of the 
body from the ribs to the hip ; 
side of an army or fleet.— t;.^. 
to attack or pass round the 
side of ; be at the side of. 

flannel, flan'el, n. soft wool- 
len cloth of loose texture. 

flap, flap, n. anything 
broad and flexible hanging loose ; blow, 
motion, or noise of such a body.— «.<. to 
move or strike with a flap.— t>.i. to move 
or hang as a flap. 

flare, flar, v.i. to bum with unsteady light ; 
blaze fitfully: expand outward.— n. an 
unsteady, glaring light. 

flash, flash, n. sudden burst of light ; gleam ; 
momentary state.— t>.i. to break forth, as 
a sudden light. [flashily.- n. flathif— 

flashy, flash'i, a. showy ; tawdry.— (/rfr.| 

flask, flftsk, n. narrow-necked vessel ; bottle. 

flat, flat, a. level ; monotonous ; dull ; spirit- 
less ; positive ; in mus. lowered a semi- 
tone.— n. a level expanse ; story of a houee; 
in mu8. a note lowered a semi-tone,* the 
sign (|7) indicating this depression. 

flatly, flat'li, a. horizontally ; positively. 

flatness, flat'ncs, n. state of being flat. 

flatten, flat'n, v.t. to make flat.— r.t. to be- 
come flat. 

flatter, flat'^r, r.t. to praise excessively or 
without desert ; please with hopes or con 

ace, air, add, &rm, gsk, ; 

vls^e ; sgvSre, ebb, h6r, mfik^r ; Ice, inn ; Od9r, ox, Off, 

d by Google 

Digitized b 




fltttanr, flat'^r-^r, n. one who flatters, 
flatkerr, flat'^-ri, n. false or excessive praise ; 

flft^loiM, flat'yu-lcns,?}. state of being flatu- 
lent ; wind in the stomach or bowels. 
flatulent, flat'yn-lent, a. affected with, or pro- 
ducing, wind in the stomach or bowels ; 

empty ; turgid, 
flatwise, flat'wiz, adv. with the flat side 

downward, or next the object. 
flaoBt, flAnt, v.t. and v.i. to wave in the wind ; 

display ostentatiously, 
flartr, flS'vQr, n. taste or odor of anything ; 

relish ; savor.— u./. to impart flavor to. — 

a. flavoroiu. 
flaTorlees, fla'vQr-les, a. without flavor, 
flaw, fl&, n. crack ; defect ; sudden gust.— 

r.t. to crack ; break. 
flaiHeee, fla'les, a. free from flaws. 
iawy, fla'i, a. full of flaws, 
flax, flaks, n. vegetable fibres of which linen 

is made ; plant producing these fibres, 
flaxen, flaks^n, a. made or, or resembling, 

flay, flft, v.t. to strip the skin from. 
Am, fl6, n. small, wingless, blood-sucking 

fleam, fl6m, n. lancet used to bleed horses, 
fleck, flek, v.t. to spot ; streak, 
fled, fled, p.t. and p.p. of flee, 
fledfe. flej, v.t. to furnish with wing-feathers. 
fledgling, flej'ling, ti. young bird just fledged, 
flee, fl€, v.i. to run swiftly ; run away.— t'./. 

to run from ; escape ; avoid.— p./. and 

p.p. fled, 
fleeee, flCs, n. woolly coat of a sheep.— v.t. to 

clip a fleece from ; plunder, [like wool. I 
fleeey, flCs'i, a. covered with wool ; woolly ;| 
fleer, fl6r, vd. to grin with scorn ; mock.— n. 

a mocking grimace, 
fleet, flSt, a. swift ; transient.— ». fleetnees.— 

v.i. to pass swiftly, 
fleet, flet, n. a company of ships, esp. ships 

of war, 
fleeting, flet'ing, a. transitory ; not lasting. 
Fleming, flem'ing, n. a native of Flanders. 
PloBiah, flem'ish, a. pertaining to the people 

of Flanders.— ». the language of Flanders. 

—«.»/. people of Flanders, 
flesh, nesh, n. soft solids of animal bodies ; 

the body ; animal nature ; mankind ; 

soft substance of fruits.- 1'.<. to accustom 

to flesh ; use upon flesh. 
fleiUj, flesh'li, a. corporeal ; carnal, 
fleikj. fleshM, a. abounding in flesh ; like 

flesh. [vice or ornament. I 

fltvr-de-lia, flur-de-16', n. a lily-shaped de-| 

flew, flfl, p.t. of fly. 
flei, fleks, v.t. t 

to bend. 


flexible, fleksM-bl, a. that may be bent : pli- 
able.-n. flexibility. [fold. I 

flexion, flek'shun, n. act of bending ; bend ;| 

flexnons, flek'shu-us, a. bending ; winding. 

flexure, flek'shnr, n. a bending ; turn. 

flieker, flik'^r^ v.i. to flutter ; burn unstead- 
ily. — «. a kind of woodpecker, 
ht, flit, n. act of fiying ; sally ; flock of 
lirds flying ; volley of arrows ; act of 
fleeing ; hasty departure ; series of steps. 

flighty, flit'i, a. capricious ; giddy ; moved 
by wild fancies.— n. flightinese. 

flimay, flim'zi. a. thin or weak in texture ; 
feeble.— n. fliimrineia. 

flineh, flinch, v.i. to shrink ; draw back. 

fling, fling, v.t. to throw.— v.i. to flounce. 
—p.t. and 7>.^A flung.— n. a sneer; insinua- 

flint, flint, n. a hard stone ; quartz. 

flinwoek, flint' lok, n. gun-lock firing the 
gun by the blow of a flint on steel. 

flinty, ffint'i, a. like, or hard as, flint.— n. 
flintineis. [and sugar. I 

flip, flip, n. hot drink made of beer, spirits,! 

flippant, flip'^nt, a. pert ; impertinent.— n. 

flipper, flip'^r, n. paddle of a turtle, seal, etc. 

flirt, flertj v.i. to trifle ; coquet ; play at 
courtship.- «?.<. fling with a jerk.— w. a 
jerk ; a coquette. [at courtship. I 

flimtion, flert-ft'shun, n. coquetry ; playing! 

flit, flit, v.i. to remove ; fly irregularly. 

fliteh, flich, n. side of salt pork or bacon. 

floiA, flOt, v.i. to rest on or in a fluid without 
sinking.- 1)./, to cause to float.— «. any- 
thing floating ; a raft. 

floating, flowing, a. not flxed ; not constant ; 
not funded, as a debt. 

floeenlent, flok'yu-lent, a. consisting of small 
locks or flakes.— n. floeeolenee. 

floek, flok, n. a company of birds, sheep, 
etc.; lock, as of wool. — v.i. to gather in a 
crowd ; throng. 

floe, flO, n. large cake of floating ice. 

flog, flog, v.t. to scourge ; lash. 

flood, flud, n. moving mass of water ; inunda- 
tion ; deluge ; rising tide.— t?.^ to over- 
flow ; inundate. [water. | 

flood-gate, flud'gat, n. gate to stop or let outj 

floor, flOr, n. bottom of a room ; platform ; 
story of a house.— i?.^ to furnish with a 

flooring, flOr'ing, ?). materials for floors. 

flop, flop, v.i. to fall loosely or heavily. 

flora, flO'rft, n. all the plants of any region or 
period. [flowers. 

floral, flO'r^l, a. pertaining to, or made of, 

floret, flo'ret, n. a small flower. [flowers. 

florienltore, flO'ri-kult-ytir, n. culture of 

<Atte ; flae, rflle, pfill, up ; oil, out ; thin, thB ; 

get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)are. 

1 by Google 

Digitized b 





decoration ; 

florid, flor'id, a. flushed ; ruddy ; flowery : 

ornamental.— n. florid'ity. [coins. 

florin, flor'in, n. name of several European! 
florifi, flO'rist, n. one who cultiTates flowers. 
floM, flos, ff. untwisted silk. 
floaty, flos'i, a. like floss ; flne and loose, 
flotation, flO-tS'shun, n. act of floating ; posi- 
tion when floating, 
flotilla, flO-til'ft, n. a small fleet. [the sea. I 
flotsam, flot'sam, n. goods found floating on{ 
flonneo, flouns, throw the body about: 

move with a toss of the body.— «. a toss of 

the body, 
flonneo, flouns, n. wide ruflle to the skirt of a 

dress.— tJ.^. to furnish with flounces, 
flonndor, floun'd^r, v.i. to flounce ; struggle 

awkwardly ; be embarrassed, 
flonndor, floun'd^r, n. a 

flat marine fish, 
flonr, flour, n. fine 

meal ; fine powder. 

—v.i. to sprinkle 

with flour. 
flonrith, flur'ish, v.f. to 

brandish; swing 

about. — v.i. to 

thrive; be prosperous, 

ornamental stroke with a pen ; parade , 

brandishing of a weapon, etc.; series of 

musical notes, 
flont, flout, v.t. to treat with contempt ; 

mock.— t7.i. to jeer.— n. a mock • gibe, 
flow, flO, v.i. to run, as a liquid ; rise, as the 

tide; be poured forth; abound; hang 

loose and waving.— n. a stream ; current ; 

rising tide ; copiousness, 
flower, flou'^r, n. blossom of a plant ; best of 

anything ; prime of Wfe.—v.t. to ornament 

with flgures of flowers.— v.i. to blossom ; 

put forth flowers, 
flowery, flou'er-i, a. adorned with flowers; 

embellishea with figures. 
flown, flOn, p.p. of fly. 
flnotnato, fluk'tyn-St, v.i. to flow backward 

and forward ; be irresolute. 
flnotnation, fluk-tyu-a'shun, n. movement of 

a fluid ; motion hither and thither ; irreso- 
lution, [off smoke or ^as. I 
flne, flii, n. chimney or channel for carrying! 
flnent, nfl'ent, a. flowing ; ready in speech ; 

voluble.— n. flnenev. 
flnlT fluf , n. nap or down.— a. fLjdfy. 
flnid, flfi'id, a. not solid ; liquid or gaseous. 

—n. a liquid or gaseous substance.— n. 

flnid'itr, fln'idnoM. 
flnko, flflk, n. part of an anchor which holds 

to the ground ; lobe of a whale's tail. 
flnme, flum, n. channel for the water that 

drives a mill-wheel. 

flnnunery, flum'?-ri, n. kind of jelly made 
from flour or oatmeal ; anything vapid and 

flnng, flung, p.t. and p.p. of fling. 

flnrry, fluri, n. a sudden ^st; sadden agita- 
tion ; bustle.— v.<. to agitate : confase. 

flnid^ flush, n. a blush ; sudden redness ; 
bloom ; glow ; abundance.— t;.^ make red 
in the face ; excite ; flll.— w.i. to become 
red in the face. JTiavin^ the surface level. | 

flwh, flush, a. fim of vigor ; abounding ;! 

flnitor, flus'ter, n. confusion; agitation.— 
v.i. to bustle.— 1?.<. to confuse ; agitate. 

flnto, flflt, n. a musical wind-instrument.— 
v.i. to play the fiate.—v.t. to form chan- 
nels in. [pDlar.l 

flnted. flflt'ed, a. channelled lengthwise as a] 

flntbigf flflt'ing, n. channel, as on a pillar. 

flutter, flut'^r, v.i. to flap or agitate the 
wings ; fly irr^larly ; move or bostle 
about ; be in agnation. — v.t. to throw into 
confusion.— n. irr^ular motion ; agita- 
tion ; confusion. 

flnvial, flfl'vi-al, flnviatie, flfl-vi-at'ik, a. per- 
taining to rivers or ponds. 

flnx, fluks, n. act of flowing ; flow ; liquid- 
ity ; substance which promotes the melt- 
ing of metals.— v.^ to melt. 

flnxion, fluk'shun, n. act of flowing; in 
math, infinitely small variable quantity. 

fly, fli, v.i. to move through the air ; soar ; 
move or pass swiftly ; flee ; burst.- v./. to 
flee from ; cause to fly.— n. a small two- 
winged insect, [posit eggs upon, as flies. | 

fly-Uow, fli'blo, n. egg of a fly.— v.t to de-! 

fly-fish, fli'flsh, v.i. to fish with real or arti- 
ficial flies as bait.— n. fly-flshing. 

flying-flsh, fll^ing-flsh, n. a flsh which darts 
through the air by the help of its flns. 

fly-leaf, fli'lef, n. blank leaf in a book. 

foal, fOl, w. the young of the horse or ass.— 
v.t. and v.i. to bring forth a foal. 

foam, fOm, n. froth ; mass of bubbles.— r.t. to 
form or throw out foam; to ra^e.- a. temy. 

fob, fob, n. pocket in the waistband of ttoa- 
Ben.— v.t. to pocket ; appropriate. 

foens, fO'kus, n. point wnere rays meet: 
central point.— i)i?. foei, foeuoi. [of maize. | 

fodder, fod'^r, n. food for cattle, esp. blades; 

foe, to, n. enemy. 

foemaa, fO'm^n, n. enemy in war.— /?/. U m m 

fatns, xetns, ffi'tus, n. animal in the womb or 
egg. Jmm-I 

fog, fog, n. thick mist.— «. foggr.- n. nm-\ 

fog-bau, fog'bangk, n. mass of fog looking 
like a bank of land. 

foiUe, foi'bl, n. a weakness ; failing. 

foil, foil, v.t. to baffle ; disappoint.— ». de- 
feat ; failure. 

ftce, sir, add, firm, ask, &11, vis^e ; sgvgre, ebb, her, mftk^r ; Ice, inn ; Od^r, ox, Off, 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 




CmL foil, n. blnnt sword used in fencing ; 
thin leaf of metal ; metallic leaf set under 
gems ; anything that sets off another. 

fimt, foist, v.t. to insert fraudulently ; pass 
off as eenuine. 

CM, fold, n. a part doubled over ; doubling ; 
inclosare for sheep. — v.t. to double over. 
—v.i. to become folded. 

fftldiiig. fOld'ing, a. that may be folded.— w. 
a fold ; doubling. pike ornaments. I 

firiiftce. fol'i-ttj, n. leaves, collectively ; leaf-j 

fdliaiM, fO'li-a-ted, a. having leaf-like orna- 

foUaiiML fC-li-S'shnn, n. the leafing of plants. 

ftlit, fOri-0, n. leaf, as of a book ; sheet of 
paper once folded ; book of sheets so 
folded. — a. in the form of a folio. 

fUk, fOk, n. people ; race.— in pi. people 
persons. [of the people. 

folk-loie. fOk'lOr, n. traditions and customs 

fbOitle, TolM-kl, n. a little bag ; small glanc 
or vessel.— a. Ibllic'iilu. 

ftUtw, fol'O, v.t. to go after ; pursue ; suc- 
ceed ; imitate : obey ; result from.— r.i. to 
go after; result. [imitator. I 

ftUtww, foro-^r, n. a disciple ; attendant ;| 

MWwiBg, foro-ing^ a. coming next after. 

bDj, fori, n. silliness ; stupidity ; foolish 
act. [lotions ; encourage. I 

flMMBt, fO-ment', v.t. to bathe with warm| 

ftiatotiwi, fO-men-ta^shun, n. act of fo- 
menting ; warm lotion. 

CmI, fond, a. weakly loving ; affectionate ; 
liking extremely.— orft;. fondly.— n. fond- 


hUk. fon'dl, v.t. to caress. 

fnt, font, n. vessel for water in baptizing ; 

complete assortment of types. 
tmif fobd, n. nourishment ; sustenance. 
fM, fdbl, n. silly or stupid person ; jester.— 

■ ■>, lVr«/<, ri. OHM J Kf\ DVUpiX* |/^II7UI1 , J^O< 

v.t. to deceive.— t?.i. to play the fool. 
fiNliij, f<ibl'9-ri, n. silly conduct ; nonsense ; 

trifling. [n. fool-hardineis. ! 

fSNl-han^, fdbl'hftrd'i, a. rash ; overbold.— | 
fMUih, fdbl'ish, a. like a fool ; silly ; ridicu- 
lous.— «</«. fooliihly.— n. foolislmess. 
Mmm, fdblz'kap, n. size of paper 17^ by 

13i inches, 
ftii, f6t, n. part of the body on which an 

animal walks ; base ; measure of 12 inches ; 

foot-soldiers ; unit of measure in metre. 

~pl. fcet— r.t. to dance ; walk. 
CNt^dl, fut'biU, n. an inflated ball kicked 

hi a game : game played with a football. 
fSNi-kridct, fiit'brij, n. bridge for passengers 

on foot. 
fttt-ftB. fut'fftl, n. footstep. 
ftti-Wd, fut'hold, n. holcfing for the feet ; 


footinjS, futMng, 7^. standing ; position ; ad- 

footman, fut'm^n, n. a servant in livery. 

foot-nou, lut'nOt, n. note at the bottom of a 

foot-pmd, f ut'pad, n. highway robber on foot. 

footprint, lut'print, n. the impression of a 
foot. [walking ; steps ; truces. I 

footstep, fut'step, ?i. print of the foot in| 

fop, fop, «. affected, dressy fellow ; dandy. 
—a. foppislL— n. foppishness, [affectation. 

fopperj, fop'9-ri, n. behavior of a fop ; vainj 

for, f6r, prj). in the place of ; on account of ; 
with respect to ; m favor of ; in quest of ; 
during.— cowj. because ; since ; as. 

forage, for'ai, n. food for cattle ; fodder.— 
v.i. to collect food for horses, as soldiers. 

forasmneh m, f6r-az-much'az, canj. since ; 
because that. 

foray, for'a, n. inroad ; raid.— n. foray'er. 

forbade, fpr-bad', p.t. of forbid. 

forbear, fpr-bar', v.i. to abstain ; refrain.— 
v.t. to abstain or refrain from. 

forbearanee, fpr-bar'^ns, n. act of refraining ; 
patience.— a. forbearing. 

forbid, fpr-bid', v.t. to disallow ; prohibit.— 
p.t. forbade.— i^./). forbidden, forbid. 

force, fOrs, n. strength ; twwer ; energy ; 
influence ; violence ; military strength • 
body of soldiers, [take or effect by force. 

force, tors, v.t. to use force upon ; compel ;| 

forcenil, fOrs'ful, a. urged by, or acting with, 
force. [and spiced. 

foree-meat, fOrs'mCt, n. meat chopped fine] 

forceps, fOr'seps, n. small pincers or twee- 

force-pump, f r s ' - 
pump, n. pump 
that lorces out wa- 
ter by means of '■ 
compressed air. 

forcible, fOrs'i-bl, n. 
having force; 
strong; impres- 
sive ; done by force. 

ford, ford, n. place where 
water may be crossed 

ZoSltr"-'- *" ""' Force-pump. 

fordable, fOrd'a-bl, a. that may be forded. 

fore, for, a. in the front ; coming before.— 
adv. at the front; previously. (Only 
used in composition or combination.) 

fore-arm, fOr'ftrm, «. the arm from elbow to 
wrist. [beforehand.! 

forearm, fOr-ftrm', v.t. to arm or prepare] 

forebode, fOr-bod', v.t. to predict ; antici- 
pate ; augur. [tion • presentiment. I 

foreboding, TOr-bOd'ing, n. boding ; antieipa-| 

i^Mse ; tlse, rfile, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, thB ; 

get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip^ az(zh)ttre. 

Digitized by VjOOv iC 




foneut, fGr-k^t^ v.L to study or plan be- 
forehand, [foresight.! 

foreoMt fOr'kftst, w. previous contrivance;! 

foneattie, fOr'kas-l, n. deck of a ship be- 
tween tiie foremast and the bow ; space 
under this part of the deck. 

foneloM, fOr-klOz', v.t. to preclude ; cut off 
the right to redeem a mortgage. [ing.l 

forecloinre, fOr-klO'zhur, n. act of foreclo8-| 

forefUher, fOr'fS-^A^r, n. an ancestor. 

forefbnd, fOr-fend', v.t. to prevent ; forbid. 

forefinger, fOr'flng-g^r, n. finger next the 

forefoot, fOr'fut, n. anterior foot of an animal. 

forego, fOr-gO', v.t. to give up ; renounce.— 
p.t. forewent— /?./?. foregone. 

foregoing, fOr-gO'ing, a. preceding. 

foregone, fOr-g6n', a. previously formed ; 

foregroond, foreground, n. part of a picture 
which seems nearest the spectator. 

forehead, for'hed, n. the brow from the eyes 
to the hair. 

foreign, for'en, a. of another country ; un- 
connected ; not to the purpose ; not in 
accord with. [country. I 

foreigner, for'en-^r, n. native of another] 

foreuow, fOr-nO', v.t. to know beforehand. 
—p.t. foreknew.— /AW. foreknown. 

foreknowledge, fOr-norcj, n. knowledge be- 
fore the event. 

foreland, fOr'land, n. cape or promontory. 

foreloek, fOr'lok, n. lock of hair on the lorc- 
head. [director.— />/. foremen.! 

foreman. fOr'man, n. chief man ; leader ;| 

foremast, fOr'm^st, n. mast of a ship nearest 
the bow. [importance. I 

foremoit, fOr'most, n. first in order, rank, or] 

forenoon, fOr'nwn, n. part of the day before 
noon. [of law. I 

forensie, fO-ren'sik, a. pertaining to courts] 

fore-ordain, fOr-or-dan', v.t. to ordain be- 
forehand.— /». fore-ordina'tion. 

forep^ fOr'pSrt, n. part in front. 

foreran, fOr-run', n. to precede. 

forerunner, fOr-run'^r, n. a precursor ; sign 
of something coming. [the foremast. , 

foresail, fOr'sftl, fOr'sl, n. sail supported by 

foresee, fOr-sS', v.t. and v.i. to see or know 
beforehand.— /;.<. foresaw.— ;?./?. foreseen. 

foreshadow, fOr-shad'O, v.t. to indicate be- 
forehand ; prefigure. 

foreshorten, fOr-shdrt'n, v.t. to shorten (in 
drawing} by the principles of perspective. 

foreshow, rOr-shO', v.t. to show or indicate 
beforehand.— /?.;?. foreshown. 

foresight, fOr'sIt, n. act of foreseeing ; fore- 
thought; prudence. 

forest, for'est, n. an extensive wood. 

forestall, fOr-st&r, v.t. to bay ^oods before 

they reach the market ; anticipate, 
forester, f or'est-^r, n. one who lives in, or ha» 
charge of, a forest. [aging forests.! 

forestry, for'cst-ri, n. art or system of man- 
foretaste, fOr'tUst, n. a taste beforehand; 

foretell, fOr-tel', v.i. and v.i. to predict ; tell 
. beforehand.— p.^. and p.p. foretold, 
forethought, fOr'th&t, n. previous thought; 
providence. [hand.] 

foretoken, fOr-tOk'n, v.t. to indicate before-l 
foretoken; foretokening, for-tok^n, -ing, n. an 

indication beforehand, 
foretop, f Or'top, n. platform at the head of the 
foremast ; hair a Dove the forehead, [time. I 
forever, for-ev'^r, adv. for, or throughout, all| 
forewarn^ fOr-wftm', v.t. to warn beforehand, 
forewarning, fOr-warn'ing, n. warning before- 
forfeit, fOr'fit, v.t. to lose the right to any- 
thing by one's own act. — n. that which is 
forfeited ; penalty : pledge. [feited.l 

forfeitable, i6r'fit-^-bl, a. uiat may be for-, 
forfoitnre. fOr'fit-yur, n. act of forfeiting, 
forgave, r^r-gav', p.t. of forgive, 
forge, fOrj, n. place where metal is wrought 
by heat and hammering ; furnace ; smithy. 
—v.t. to form by heating and hammering: 
make falsely ; counterfeit. [of forgery. | 
forger, fOr'j^r, n. one who forges ; one ^ilty, 
forgery, fOr'j^r-i, n. act of counterfeiting or 
falsifying ; that which is counterfeiteu or 
forget, fpr-get', v.t. to lose the remembrance 
of ; neglect through not remembering.— 
p.t. forgot.— p.p. forgotten, forgot 
forgetftiL f9r-get'ful, n. apt to forget; un- 
mindful, [forget ; oblivion.l 
forgetf^ilness, for-get'ful-nes, n. aptness to| 
forgive, fyr-giv', v.t. to remit ; p&rdon.— p.t. 

forgave.— ».p. forgiven, 
forgiveness, fpr-giv'nes, ». remission ; pardon, 
forgot f9r-got', p.t. of forget 
forgotten. f9r-^ot'n, p.p. or forget 
fork, f6rk, n. instrument with prongs ; divi- 
sion into branches ; one of the branches 
so formed.— ».i. to divide into branches.— 
v.t. to take up or pitch with a fork, 
forked, fOrkt, forky, fOrk'i, a. divided into 
branches or prongs, [ed.— w. fi)rlirBBMB.| 
forlorn, fpr-ldm', a. lost ; forsaken ; wretch-| 
forlorn-hope. fpr-ldrn'hOp', n. a hopeless 
undert^ing; bodv of soldiers employed 
in service of especial peril, 
form, fCrm, n. shape: figure; model; 
method ; ceremony ; type arraju^ and 
ready for the press. — v.t. to give form to ; 
settle ; make up.— v.i. to assume a form. 

ace, §ir, add, arm, ask, fill, visage ; sgvCre, ebb, hSr, mftk^r ; Ice, Inn ; Od^r, ox, tft, 

Digitized by LjOOQ iC 




ftim, fOrm, n. a bench ; class ; bed of a hare. 

fennal, f6rra'^l, a. according to form ; cer- 
emonious ; pertaining to form.— at/??, form- 
ally, [forms. —n . formalism. I 

fonntlist, fOrm'ail-igt, n. an obsen'er of| 

formality, for-mal'i-ti, n. quality of being 
formal ; formal observance ; ceremonjr. 

formation, for-mft'shun, n. act of formmg ; 
mode in which anything is formed. 

formative, f6rm'a-tiv, a. giving form.— n. a 
derivative word, [time or order ; previous. I 

fbnner. fOr'm^r, a. {comp. of fore) before inj 

formony, fOr'm^r-li, adv. in previous times ; 

formidable, fCr'mid-a-bl, a. adapted to cause 
fear ; terrible.— rt*c?». formidably. 

formula, f6rm'yu-la, n. prescribed form ; 
formal statement ; symbol.—?^/, formula. 

formulary, f6rm'yu-la-ri, n. book of formulae. 

limiiiilate, fOrm'yu-lat, v.t. to express in a 

fonake. f9r-8fik',t;.<. to abandon; relinquish. 
p.t. Ionook.—p.p. forsaken. 

forswear, fpr-swar', v.t. to renounce or deny 
upon oath.— .^.r. to swear falsely.—/?.^. 
forswore.— p./?. forsworn. 

forsworn, fpr-swOrn', a. guilty of perjury. 

fort, fOrt, n. a fortress ; stronghold. 

forte, fort, n. that in which one excels. 

forkh, forth, adv. foi-ward ; out. 

firtheoming, fOrth'kum'ing, a. about to hap- 
pen or appear. 

fenkwitli, lOrth-with', adv. immediately. 

fortifieation, fOr-ti-ft-kfi'shun, n. act, or art, 
of fortifying ; fortified place ; that which 
strengthens, [en with forts, etc., confirm.! 

fortHy.TOr'ti-flj v.t. to make strong ; strength-] 

fortirade, fOr'ti-ttld, a. firmness of mind; 
resolnte endurance'. 

fortnight, fOrt'nlt, n. two weeks. 

ffftress, fOr'tres, n. a fortified place. 

fortdteiis, for-tfi'i-tus, a. happening by 
chance. — «. fortuity. 

fwrtanate, fOrt'yun-^t, a. lucky ; having 
good fortune.— adv. fortunately. 

fortune, fOrt'yun, n. luck ; chance ; whatever 
befalls ; lot in life \ wealth, [four tens. I 

forty, fOr'ti, a. four times ten.—;?, sum of | 

fmnuL fo'nim,' n. place for public business 
inRome ; tribunal. 

iimnurd, fOr'w^rd, adv. toward the front ; 
onward. — a. in advance ; ready • presump- 
tnous ; bold.— n. forwardness. [exi)edite.| 

f<mrard, fOr'ward, v.t. to send on ; transmit ;| 

fiOiiL fos, n. a ditch ; moat. 

fML fos'il, a. found in the earth in a petri- 
fied state.- W-. a fossil substance. [sils.l 

fossUiferous, fos-il-if'^r-us, a. containing fos- 1 

foster, fos't^r, v.t. to nurse ; feed ; cherish. 

foster-brother, fos't^r-bru^A-^r, n. male child 
nursed with another of different parents. 
—j'ein. foster-sister. 

foster-ehild, fos't^r-child, n. child nursed or 
brought up by one who is not its parent. 

foster-father, fos't^r-fa-Z^^r, n. one who rears 
a child in place of its father.— /gm. foster- 

fought, fat, p.t. and p.j). of fight. 

foul, foul, a. unclean ; impure ; disgusting ; 
offensive ; stormy ; unfair ; in collision 
with ; entangled.— arft;, foully.— «,. foul- 
ness, [mto collision ; to an attack. I 

foul, foul, v.t. to make foul ; entangle.— «</??. j 

found, found, p.t. and p.p. of find. 

found, found, v.t. to cast into a mould ; lay 
the foundation of ; establish. 

foundation, foun-dft'shun, n. act of founding ; 
groundwork or basis ; permanent fund. 

founder, found'^r, n. one who casts metal ; 
one who origmates or establishes. 

founder, found'^r, v.t. to make lame ; ex- 
haust. -tJ.i. to become lame or exhausted ; 
sink, as a ship. 

feundery, found'^-ri ; foundry, found'-ri, n. 
art of casting metals ; place where metals 
are cast. [serted.f 

foundling, found'ling, n. a child found de- 
fount, fountain, fount', -an, n. spring or jetol 
water ; structure for a jet ; source. 

four, for, a. twice two.— n. two and two 

fourscore, fOr'skOr, a. and n. eighty. 

fourteen, fOr'tSn, a. and n. four and ten. 

fourth, forth, a. next after the third.— w. 
half of a half. 

fourthly, fOrth'li^ adv. in the fourth place. 

fowl, foul, n. a bird ; a cock or hen.— ?,\i. to 
catch or kill wild fowl. [wild fowl. I 

fowler, foul'^r, n. one who catches or killsf 

fowling-pieoe, roul'ing-p6s, n. gun for shoot- 
ing birds. 

fox, foks, n. wild ani- 
mal of the dog 
family ; cunning 

foxglove, foks'gluv,n. 
a flowering plant. 

fox-grape, foks'grflp, 
n. a native Ameri- 
can grape. 

foxjr foks'i, a. like *^<^^- 

a fox ; cunning ; of a reddish-brown color. 

fhkoas, fra'kas, frak'^s, frak-a', n. uproar; 
noisy quarrel. 

fhMstion, frak'shun, n. fragment ; small part ; 
part of a unit.— a. firaotionaL 

firaetious, frak'shus, a. cross ; irritable ; 
peevish.— n. fhwtiousness. 

Use, rflle, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, tM ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

d by Google 

Digitized b 



frMinre, frakt'yur, n. act of breaking; 
breach.— r./. tx) break. 

fragile, fraj'il, a. easily broken ; brittle ; 
Irail.— «. fri^'ity. 

fragment, frag'ment, n. piece l)roken off; 
unfinished portion.— a. fragmentan'. 

fragrance, fra'gr^ns, n. sweetness or smell ; 

fraffrant, fra'gr^t, n. eweet-smelling. 

frau, frftl, a. fragile ; weak.— w. fraiintM. 

frail fr&l, n. a basket of rushes. 

frailty, fr&rti, n. weakness ; infirmity. 

frame, frftm, v.t. to construct : adiust ; con- 
trive ; put a frame on.— w. fabric ; struct- 
ure ; contrivance to inclose or support • 
state of mind. [structure.] 

framework, frflm'wurk, n. skeleton or plan ;| 

firanc, f rangk, n. French coin worth eighteen 
and three-fifths cents. 

franeluse, fran'chiz, -chiz, /j. privilege ; right 
of votmg • citizenship. 

franoiflean, fran-sis'k^n, n. one of an order 
of friars. 

frank, f rangk, a. open ; candid.— adr. 
frankly.— n. frankness.— v./. to send free of 
charge for carriage : exempt from postage. 
— ». a letter free from postage, or that 
which exempts it. 

frankincense, f rangk' in-sens, n. incense; 
compound of fragrant resins for burning. 

firantie, fran'tik, o. wild with excitement ; 

fhktemal, frft-ter'nal, a. brotherly. 

fraternity, fr^-ter'ni-ti, n. brotherhood. 

fraternise, -ise, frat'^r-nlz, v.i. to associate as 
brothers.— w. fratemisa'tion. 

fratricide, frat'ri-sid, n. munlerer or murder 
of a brother.— a. fratricidal 

firand, frfid, n. deceit ; deception. 

frandnlent, frfid'yu-lent, a. using or contain- 
ing fraud, —n. frandolenoe. 

fraoght, frat, a. laden ; filled. 

fray, frft, n. a fight ; brawl. [ravel. I 

tnj, fra, v.t. to wear off at the edge ; chafe ;| 

flreak. frCk. n. whim ; caprice.— «. freakish. 

freckle, frek'l, w. yellowish spot on the skin. 
—v.f. to mark with freckles.— a. freokly, 

free^ frC, a. at liberty ; not oppressed ; can- 
did ; exempt ; liberal ; loose ; easy. — v.t. 
to make free ; liberate. — adv. freely. — n. 

flreebooter, frS'bdbt-^r, n. a roving robber. 

fteedman, frfid'main, n. one who has been 
freed from slavery. 

freedom, fre'dpm, «. state of being free ; 
liberty ; frankness ; license. 

freehold, frS'hoId, n. land held in fee simple. 

freeholder, fr6'hOld-^r, n. owner of a freehold. 

fireman, frfi'm^n, n. one who is free ; one 

who enjoys a franchise. 
firee-mason, frS'mS-sn, n. member of a secret 

order for mutual assistance, etc. 
free-masonry, fr6'mll-sn-ri, n. rules or usages 

of free-masons. 
freestone, frS'stOn, n. standstone. 
freethinker, fr6'thingk-^r, n. one who disbe- 
lieves in revelation, 
firee-trade, frS'trfld', n. trade unrestricted, ot 

not hampered with duties. [action. I 

firee-will, frC'wil', freedom of choice or| 
fireese, frGz, v.i. to congeal with cold ; perish 

bv cold.— v.t. to harden into ice ; make 

rigid with affright— ;?.<. frtie.— ^.p. frtnB. 
fireight, fr&t, n. lading of a ship, railway car, 

etc. ; charge for transportation.— ».<. to 

load as a ship, etc. 
French, f rench, a. belonging to France or its 

people.— w. the people or language of 

France. [mentl 

fireniy, fren'zi, n. distraction ; wild excite-| 
l^aent. frfi'kwent, a. happening often.— 

adv. neqiuntly.— n. fireqnensy. 
fireqnenl frfi-kwent', v.t. to visit often, 
fraco, fres'ko, n. painting done on moist 

plaster.—v.t. to paint in fresco. 
frMh, fresh, a. new ; recently made or ob- 
tained ; cool ; brisk ; vigorous ; not salt 

—adv. fleshly.— n. freshness, 
freshen, fresh'n, v.t. to make fresh ; revive. 

—v.i. to grow fresh. 
fireshet, fresh'et, n. sudden flood in a river, 
freshman, fresh'm^n, n. a university student 

in his first year, 
itet, fret, v.t. to corrode ; chafe ; vex. — v.i. 

to wear away ; be peevish or anhai4>y.— 

w. irritation ; worry, 
itet, fret, n. a raised ornament ; bar for 

stopping the strings of a lute, etc. 
itet, fret, v.t. to ornament with raised work. 
f^traL fret'ful, a. peevish; irritable.— «. 

f^etnilness. « [work.l 

fMwork, fret'wurk, n. ornamental raisedl 
fiiable. m'^-bl, a. easily crumbled.— «. fria- 

Inl'i^. [religious orders.) 

flriar, frl'^r, n. member of one of certain! 
flnary, frl'^-ri, n. residence of friars, 
ftieassee, f rik-^s6', n. dish of fowls, etc., cut 

up and dTied.—v.t. to dress as a fricassee. 
fHcuon, frik'shnn, n. rubbing ; attrition. 
Friday, frl'd^ n. the sixth day of the week. 
fHend, frend, n. person kindly attached to 

another : favorer. [frisndlesiness. I 

friendless, frend'les, a. without friends.— ii.| 
firiendly, frend'li, a. and adv. like a friend ; 

amicable ; kind ; favorable. — n. ftindli- 

ness. [friend ; intimacy ; kindness.l 

firiendidiiy, frend'ship, n. state of being a| 

ace, §ir, add, arm, ask, all, visaj^e ; 

sgvCre, ebb, her, makf r ; Ice, inn ; Od^r, ox, 6A, 

Digitized by V3OOQ1C 




MeM, frCz, n. in arch, part of the entabla- 
ture under the cornice. 

bMM, frSz, n. a coarse woollen cloth. 

frigid frig'^t. n. ship-of-war carrying from 
twenty to fiity guns. 

ftif ht, frit, n. sutiden fear ; terror, [scare. I 

friCkten, frit'n, v.^. to make afraid ; alarm ;| 

fricktfU, fnt'ful, a. causing fright ; terrible. 
—adv. friglitfuly.— n. friihtfunMs. 

frij'id, a. cold; unanimated.— tfdt>. 
Uy. — n. ftifidiieM. 
«.y fri-jid'i-ti, n. coldness. [frill. I 

ixiu, fril, n. a ruffle.— t?.^. to furnish with a| 

ftiift, frinj, n. border of loose threads.— v./. 
to adorn with fringe. [trifles. I 

frinerj, frip'^-ri, n. old clothes ; useless! 

frttk, frisk, v.i. to gambol ; leap. 

finkj, fris'ki, a. lively ; frolicsome.— n. 

frith, frith, flrth, ferth, n. narrow arm of the 
sea ; mouth of a tidal river. 

fritter, frit'^r, n. a kind of pancake. 

fritter, frit'^r, v.t. to waste little by little. 

tarmkff friv-ol'i-ti, n. qualitv of being friv- 
olous ; trifling acts or conauct. 

frhreleiif, friv'o-lus, a. light; trifling. — n. 


frii, friz, v.t. to curl or crisp. 

frine, friz'l, v.t. to crisp In short curls. 
—v.i. to hiss, as meat frying. 

fre, frO, adv. back ; backward. 

freek, frok, n. a gown ; loose outer garment. 

freg, frog, n. an am- 
phibious animal ; 
soft part within a 
horse s hoof ; orna- 
mentat button ; 
part of a rail at the 
junction of tracks. 

frelie. frolMk, a. 
gay ; sportive.— n. 
gaiety ; a merry prank.— tJ.i. to be merry ; 
play pranks. 

frMiesome, frorik-snm. a. merry ; sportive. 

frenL from, prp. out or ; away ; by reason of. 

ttnAt frond, n. leaf of ferns and palms. 

frent, f runt, n. the forehead ; face ; fore- 
part ; position before ; boldness.— a. relat- 
ing to, or in, front.— 17.<. to stand in front 
of ; present the front to ; oppose.— t?.i. to 
Btana in front ; present the front. 

frentage, fmnt'^j, n. front part or dimension 
of a building or piece of ground. 

frentftL front'^l, a. pertaining to the fore- 
head or front. 

friBtier, fron'ter, n. boundary of a country. 

frwUspiee^ front'-, or front'is-pCs, n. picture 
facing the title-pa^ of a book. [head. I 

frMitlet, frunt'let, n. band worn on the fore-| 

freei, f rOst, n. cold that freezes ; frozen dew. 
—v.t. to cover with frost or anytliing like 
frost.— a. frofty. [—a. fhythv. I 

froth, fr6th, n. foam ; empty show in speecn.| 

frowardj frO'w^rd, a. perverse. 

frown, froun, v.i. to wrinkle the brow ; ex- 
press anger by contracting the brow ; 
show displeasure.— n.. a contraction of the 
brow ; displeasure. 

fron, frOz, p.t. of freeie. 

froMiL frOz'n, p.p. of freeie. 

fnultitjt fruk'ti-ll, v.t. to make fruitful.— t>.i. 
to bear fruit.— n. fhietifiea'tioiL [gal'ity.l 

firngal, frii'MJ, a. thrifty ; sparing.— w. frn-1 

lhi<ifereiifl, f rfl-jif'^r-us, a. bearing fruit. 

fhigivorons, frft'jiv'pr-us, a. feeding on 

fruit, frflt, n. edible produce of the earth ; 
part of a plant which contains the seed ; 
offspring ; product ; result. 

fruitage, frfU'^j, n. fruit collectively. 

frnitem, frflt'^r-^r, n. one who deals in fruit. 

fhiitfol, f rflt'ful. a. producing, or abounding 
in, fruit.— n. miitndneM. 

fruition, frii-Ish'un, n. enjoyment. 

fhiitlew, friit'les, a. without fruit ; useless. 

fromen^, frfi'men-ti, n. wheat boiled in milk. 

ftnitnie, frus'trftt, v.t. to baffle ; disappoint. 
— n. fruetra'tioiL 

frutmn, f rus'tum, 
w.partofa8olid ^ 
left after cut- 
ting off the 
top.— ja^. tnu- 
tniDS or fhuta. 

fry, frl, v.t. and Frustums. 

v.i. to cook, or 

be cooked, in boiling fat.— n. somethinff 
fried ; swarm of young flsh. [plants.] 

ftiohsia, ftl'shi-a, n. a genus of flowering! 

ftiddle, fud'l, v.t. to make silly with drink. 

ftid^ fuj, n. nonsense ; stuff.— in^ exclama- 
tion of contempt or unbelief. [ment.| 

ftiel^ ftl'el, n. material for burning ; incite-! 

ftigitive, ffl'ji-tiv, a. fleeing ; fleeting ; tran- 
sitory. — n. one who flees or has fled. 

fligleman, ffl'gl-m^n, n. soldier who sets the 
example to the others at drill. 

frigne, iflg, n. piece of music in which the 
parts seem to chase each other. [rests. | 

ftalerun. ful'krum, 71. prop on which a lever| 

ftilfll, ful-ftl', v.t. to complete ; accomplish.— 
n. ftalflhneni 

ftill^ f6l, a. having all it can contain ; occu- 
pied : complete.— arf». quite : entirely.— n. 
complete measure. — adv. Ailly. 

ftall, fulj v.t. to scour and thicken, as cloth. 

ftiller. ful'^r, n. one who fulls cloth. 

fnller^s-earth, ful'^rz-ertb, n. a soft white clay. 

dbze; (tee, rftle, pull, up; oU, out; thin, th6\ get, jet; 

kin, gin; chip, az(zh)ure. 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 




ftilminato, farmin&t, v.L to thunder or ex- 
plode— v.t. to thunder forth.— n. an ex- 
plosive compound. 

fluminatioii, ful-inin-ft'ehun, n. act of ful- 
minacing ; denunciation. 

ftiloMt, fuPnee, n. state of being full ; com- 
plete measure. 

fliuome, ful'snm, a. disgusting ; nauseous.— 
adv. ftiltomelj.— n. ftuMinsness. 

ftimUe, fnm'bl, v.i. to grope about, or handle, 

ftime, film, n. smoke ; vapor ; exhalation ; 
rage.— «.<. to emit smoke or vaix)r ; l>e in 

flim^Kim, ffl'mi-gSt vt. to smoke ; disinfect 
with fumes.— n. nmufa'tioB. 

ftm, fun, n. sport ; merriment, [formance.l 

flmetioii, fungk'shun, n. office; duty; per-| 

ftinetioiutl, fungk'shun-^1, a. pertaining to a 

flmetioBiry, fungk'shun-^-ri, n. one who 
discharges functions ; an official. 

ftind, fund, n. a stock ; capital ; accumif- 
lated store.— p/. public debt bearing in- 
terest ; supply of money.— 1;7. to convert 
a debt into interest-bearing stock ; place 
money in a fund. 

AmdamuitoL fund'^-ment'al, a. pertaining to 
the foundation ; essential. 

ftinenl, ftl'n^r-^l, n. ceremony of burial.— 
a. pertaining to a burial. 

ftmerMl, ftl-ne'rg-^l, a. suiting a funeral ; 
dismal ; gloomy. 

f^oni, fung'gus, a. of, or like, a fungus. 

ftmgos, fung'gus, n. order of plants 
including mushroom r, monltl, 
etc.— »/. nmgi, ftrngoHia. 

ftinnel, fun'el, n. tube 
for the escape of 
smoke, etc. ; instru- 
ment for pouring 
liquids into oottles, 

ftinny. fnnM, a. full 
of fun ; droll. 


fhr, fur, n. fine, soft hair ; skins with the 
fur ; coating like fur.— 1>./. to line or trim 
with fur. [border.! 

Airbelow, fur'be-lo, w. a flounce; fringed | 

f^irliish, fur'bish, ?)./. to polinh ; scour bright. 

f^ons, ffl'ri-us, a. full of fury; violent.— 
adv. tahojulj.—n. tuiioxamut. 

tally furl, v.t. to roll up and make fast, as a 
sail, banner, etc. 

Airlong. fur'16ng, n. eighth part of a mile. 

Airlongn, fur'lo, n. leave of absence.— r. A to 
grant a furlough to. 

ftirnaee, fur'nais, //. inclosed fireplace ; place 
for melting metals, etc. 

funish, fur'nish, v.L to supply ; eqnip. 
ftimitiire, fur'ni-tyur, w. movable houK- 

hold ^oods ; appliances. 
Airrier, tur'i-^r, n. dealer in furs. 
fiirrow, fur'O, n. trench made by a plow ; 

groove ; wrinkle.— r.<. to make f urrowH in. 
taxTv, fur'i, a. covered, or trimmed, with fur. 
ftirther. f ur^A^r, a. farther ; more distant : 

in audition. — adv. to a greater distance or 

degree. — v.t. to promote. [motion. | 

ftirtheraaoe, fur7^^r-^ns, a. assistance ; pro-; 
ftirthermore, fur7A^r-m0r, adv. moreover ; in 

ftirfcive, fur'tiv, a. stealthy ; secret.— arfr. 

Itartively.— n. ftuiiyeness. 
ftine, furz, n. a prickly evergreen bush, 
ftiry, ftl'ri, n. ra^ ; madness ; goddess of 

vengeance ; ragmg woman, 
toM, fflz, v.t. to melt by heat. — v.i. to be 

tuBt. fflz, n. charged tube for lighting a 

blast, bomb, etc. 
fluae, ffl-zS', n. flint-lock gun ; cone on 

which the chain of a watch is wound. 
ftuiUe, ffl'zi-bl, a. that may be fused.— «. 

f^isillade. ffl-zil-ad', n. discharge of musketry, 
fosioii, rfl'zhun, n. act of melting ; molten 

state ; coalition. TfnssuMss. 

ftuSj fus, n. tumult; bustle.— a. nusy.— n.j 
futuuL fust'y^n, n. coarse cotton stuff: 

bombastic language. [n. ftitil'ity.l 

Aitile, f fl'til, a. useless ; vain ; ineflfectnal.— | 
Aittoek, fut'pk, n. one of the curved timbers 

springing from a ship's keel. 
Aitorej ffl'tyur, a. that w to be or happen.— 

n. time to come, 
ftitiirity, ffl-tfl'ri-ti, n. event or time to come ; 

state of being in the future, 
ftiss, fuz, n. loose down. — a. Amy. 
fy|rl, int. expressing displeasure or disgust. 


G, g, jS, seventh letter of the al- 

gaWrdine, gab'g,r-d5n, n. a loose 
upper garment. 

gftbDle, gab'l, v.i. to talk rapidly 
or inarticulately .-n. rapid or q^KT 
silly talk. 

gabion, ga'bi-pn, n. wicker cylin- 
der filled with earth, used in 
constructing defenses. 

gftble, gft'bl, 9t. peaked end of a 

gad. gad, v.i. to ramble from 
place to place. 

ace, air, add, arm, ftsk, &11, visage ; severe, ebb, h6r, mflk^r ; Ice, inn ; Od9r, ox, 6ff, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 





gad-fly, gad'fll, n. fly whicli 
pierces the skin of cattle to 
deposit its eggs. 

OmI, gal, 1). one of a Celtic race 
inbabiting Scotland. 

Oaelie, gal'ik, a. pertiiining to 
the Gaels. — n. language of 
the Gaels. 

g»li; gaf , n. spar at the upjxjr 
edge of a fore-and-aft sail ; 
steel blade fixed on the 
spurs of cocks for fighting ; hook for land- 
ing fish. 

gag, gag, n. something thrust into the month 
to hinder speech.— ».<. to apply a gag to ; 
to silence. 

gage, gaj, n. a pledge.— ??.<. to bind by pledge. 

gase, gaj, see gauge. 

gaiety, ga'e-ti, n. state of being gay ; mirth. 

gain, gan, v.t. to obtain ; acquire ; reach.— 
n. profit ; acquisition. 

gainftd, gan'ful, a. profitable. 

gainsay, gan'sa, v.t. to deny ; dispute. 

gait, gat, n. manner of going or walking. 

gaiter, gftt'^r, n. covering for the ankle and 
foot ; kind of shoe. 

gala, ga'lft, n. show ; festivity. 

galaxy, gal'ak-si, n. the Milky Way ; assem- 
blage of brilliancies. 

gale, gal, n. a strong wind. 

galena, ea-16'na, n. an ore of lead. 

gall, gal, n. the bile ; bitterness ; rancor. 

gall, gSl, v.t. to hurt or make Bore by chafing ; 
annoy. — n. a chafed wound in the skin. 

gall, gfil, gall-nnt, gai'nut, n. excrescence on 
the oak, produced by the puncture of an 
insect [splendid.— acft;. gallantly. I 

galluit, gal'ant, a. high-spirited ; brave ;| 

galluit, g^-^nt', a. courteous to ladies. — n. 
one attentive to ladies. — v.t. to wait on, or 
escort, as a lady. [to ladies. I 

gallutry, gal'^-nt-ri, n. bravery; politeness! 

galleon, garg-pn, n. large Spanish ship. 

gallery, gal'^r-i, n. raised platform with 
seats ; long passage ; room for the exhibi- 
tion of pictures, etc. 

gallej, gal'i, n. long low vessel propelled by 
oars ; cooking-place on board ship ; frame 
for holding type set up. [row in a galley. I 
slave, gari-siav, n. one condemned to| 


vMu.^, gal'ik, a. pertaining to (}aul or France. 

Oallinsm, gari-sizm, n. a French idiom or 

peculiarity. [breeches. I 

galligasldni, galM-gas'kinz, 7?.;;^ loose | 

gaUinaeeons, gal-i-na'shus, a. pertaining to 

the order of birds to which the domestic 

fowl belong. [apothecaries.! 

galfifot, gal'i-pot, n. small jar used by| 

gallon, gal'9u, ii. measure of four quarts. 

galloon, g§-ldbn', n. kind of lace ; narrow 
ribbon. [horse.— w. a running by leaps. I 

gallop, gal'9p, v.i. to move by leaps, as a| 

gallows, garoz, n. a frame used for hanging 

galoche, galosh, g{^-losh', n. an ovtrshoe. 

galop, gal'pp, gal-0', n. a lively dance ; the 
music appropriate for it. 

galvanism, gal'v^n-izm, n. electrical phenom- 
ena developed by chemical action ; science 
of these phenomena.— a. galvan'ie. 

galvanise, -ise, gal'vg,n-Tz, v.t. to affect by gal- 
vanism; coat with metal byelectroplatmg. 

galvanometer, gal'van-om^et-^r, n. instrument 
for measuring the strength of an electric 

gambit, gam'bit, n. an opening in chess. 

gamble, gam'bl, v.i. to play cards, dice, etc., 
for money. — v.t. to squander in gambling. 

gamboge, gam-boj', n. a yellow gum-resin. 

gambol, gam'bpl^ v.i. to frisk or dance in 
sport. — n. a skipping ; frisking. 

game, ^am, n. sport ; play ; animals hunted. 
—v.t. to play ; gamble. 

gamesome, gam'sum, a. playful ; jocose. 

gamester, gam'st^r, n. one addicted to gam- 
bling. Jand smoked ; ham. I 

gammon, gam'pn, n. thigh of a hog salted | 

gammon, gam'pn, beat at backgammon. 

gamut, gam'ut, n. scale of musical notes. 

gander, gan'd^r, n. male of the goose. 

gang, gang, n. a crew ; band ; squad. 

ganglion, gang'gli-^n, w. natural enlargement 
in a nerve. [as a bridge to enter a ship. 

gang-plank, gang'plangk, n. board serving] 

gangrene, gang'^gn, n. beginning of morti- 
fication of Jiving flesh.— a. gangrenous.— 
v.t. and v.i. to mortify ; comipt. 

g*ng^»y. gang'wa, n. a passage. [cans. I 

gannet, gan'et, n. a bird related to the peli-| 

g^tiet, gSnt'l^t, n. punishment in whicn the 
criminal is forced between two files of 
soldiers who strike him with rods. 

gaol, jai, see jail. 

g*Pi gaPi 1^- an opening ; cleft ; vacancy. 

gape, gSp, gap, v.i. to open the mouth wide ; 
yawn ; stare with open mouth ; cleave 
asunder.— n. act of gaping. 

gar, gSr, n. a fish of the pike kind. 

garb, gftrb, n. fashion of dress : appearance. 

garbage, gfirb'^j, n. refuse ; oflfal. 

garble, gfir'bl, v.t. to select unfairly ; comipt 
or misquote, as a document. 

garden, ^r'dn, n. a cultivated inclosure. 

gardener, gar'dn-^r, w. one who cultivates a 
garden. [garden.! 

gSMening, gRr'dn-ing, n. cultivation of a| 

gargle^ gSr'gl, r.t. to rinse the throat.— n. 
liquid for rinsing the throat. 

(ft)ze ; flse, riile, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, thQ ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

d by Google 

Digitized b 




gugojlHj gftr'goil, n. projecting spoat from 

a roof, 
gvifh, gar'ish, a. glaring ; showy ; tawdry, 
gurlftnd, gftr'l^nd, n. a wreath of flowers, 
garlie, gSlr'lik, n. bulbous-rootetl plant of the 

onion kind.— a. garlieky. 
gurment, gftr'ment, n. an article of clothing, 
garner, gftr'n^r, n. etorehouse for grain.— t?.^ 

to store, as in a garner. 
garnet gftr'net, n. a deep-red gem ; carbuncle, 
gamisn, gar'nish, v.t. to furnish ; decorate. 

—n. decoration, 
garnishee, g&r-ni8h-€% n. one in whose hands 

property of another is attached by law. 

gamithment, gftr'nish-ment, gamitare, g&r- ui- 
tyur, n. furniture ; decoration. [house. I 

guret, gar'et^ n. room next to the roof of aj 

garrison, gar'i-spn, u. body of soldiers in a 
fortress.— ??.<. to supply with a garrison. 

garrote^ gft-rOt', n. Spanish mode ofexecuting 
criminals by strangling ; the instrument 
used.— r.i. to execute with a garrote ; to 
throttle in order to rob. 

gamlons, gar'yn-lus, a. disposed to talk 
much ; loquacious.— «. gami'lity. 

garter, gllr't^r, w. band to hold up a stock- 
ing -badge of an English order of knight- 
hwM.—v.t. to bind with a garter. 

gas, gas, n. any fluid in the form of air, 
esp. that prepared from coal and used for 
lighting.— /j/. gases.— a. gaseons (gas'e-ns). 

gaseonade, gas-kon-ad% n. a boasting ; brag- 
ging.— t?^. to brag. [make a gash in. I 

gaih, gash, n. a deep, open cut.— v.t. to| 

gadcet, gas'ket, n. strap of plaited cords; 
ring-shaped packing between two surfaces. 

gas-meter, gas'mSH^r, n. instrument for 
measuring the consumption of gas. 

gasoline, gas'9-Iin, n. volatile inflammable 
liquia from petroleum. [holding gas. I 

gasometer, gaa-om'e-t^r, n. reser\'oir for] 

gasp, gftsp, v.i. to breathe laboriously.— «?./. 
to utter with difticulty.— «. a laborious 
catching of the breath. 

gastrie, gas'trik, a. pertaining to the stomach. 

gastronomer, gas-tron'p-m^r, n. one skilled in 

giitronomy, gas-tron'p-mi, n. art or science 
of good eating.— a. gastronom'io. 

gate, gSt, n. passage-way ; frame for closing 
an entrance. [closed with a gaterf 

gateway, gflt'wft, n. entrance that may be| 

gather, ga^'^r, v.t. to collect ; infer ; plait. 

—v.i. to assemble ; increase ; suppurate.— 
n. a plait ; fold. [abscess.! 

gathering. ga/A'^r-ing, n. an assemblage ;| 

gand, gad, «. a piece of showy finery. 

gaudy, g&d'i, a. showy ; tawdry.— w. gaadi- 



gaii|;e, gftj, n. a standard of measure ; meiw- 

uring-roa.— v.^. to measure the contents 

of, as a vessel. 
ganger, gftj'^r, n. one who gauges ^ 

casks, etc. 
gannt, g&nt, a. meagre ; lean.- 

n. ganntness. 
gauntlet, gftnt'l^t, n. iron glove 

of armor ; long glove, 
ganse, g&z, n. a thin transparent 

ganij, gftz'i, a. like gauze. „»„„„.^„ 

gave, gav, p.t. of give. «-— 

gavel, gav'el, n. mallet of a preeiding officer ; 

mason's mallet, 
gavial, gft'vi-al. n. 

the £. Indian 

gavotte, ga-vot', 

n. a French 

dance ; the mu- 
sic appropriate 

for it. 
gawk, gftk,n. tall, 

awkward per- 
son.— a. gawky. 

—n. gawkinest. 
g»y. gfti «• sportive ; merry ; ehowy.—adv. 

gaily.— w. gayness, gaiety. Pook.| 

gase. gftz, vl. to look fixedly.- ». a f 
gaselle. gft-zer, n. 

small species of 

gasette, ga-zet', «. 

a newspaper.- 

v.t. to announce 

in a gazette, 
gaietteer, gaz-et-tSr', 

n. a geographical 

gaong-stodk, gSz'- 

iug-stok, n. an ob- 
ject of curiosity, 
gear, gSr, n. dress ; 

harness ; tackle. 

—v.t. to put in 

gear ; to harness, 
gearing, g6r'ing, n. train of toothed wheels, 
geese, gCs, of goose, 
gelatin, jel'^-tin, n. animal substance that 

forms ielly.— a. gelat'inoos. 
gelid, ^el'id, a. cold ; icy. 
gem, jem, n. a precious stone; anything 

rare and precious.— 1\^ to adorn with 

gems. [sign in the zodiac.! 

Qraiini, jem'i-nT, n. the Twins, the third | 
gemmation, jem-S'shun, n. multiplicatton by 

buds. [uniformed policeman. I 

gendarme, zhon^-dftrm', n. an armed and{ 


ace, air, add, arm, ftsk, ail, vis^e ; sgvSre, ebb, her, mak^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox. Off, 

d by Google 

Digitized b 




„ _ IT, jen'd^r, n. Bex.—v.t. to beget. 

gtnealogist, jeii-fi-al'9-ji8t, n. one skilled in 

genealogy, jen-e-al'9-ji, w. history of the de- 
scent of families ; pedigree.— «. genealog'- 

genen. jen'^r-ft, ji.jU. of genus (je'nus). 

genenu, jen'^r-^l, a. common ; prevalent ; 
public ; vague.— ooft;. generally.— w. officer 
commanding not less than a brigade ; 
chief commander of an army. 

generalissimo, len-^r-al-is'i-mO, n, chief com- 
mander of all the forces. 

genorality, jen-^r-^ri-ti, n. state of being 
general ; the greatest part. 

generalise, -ise, jen'^r-^l-Iz, v.t. and v.i. to 
treat in a general way; arrange under 
general heads ; infer from a few the na- 
ture of a class. — n. generalisa'tion. 

generalship, jen'^r-^l-ship, n. office or skill 
of a general. [ence ; originate.] 

generate, jen'^r-at, v.t. to bring into exist-l 

generation, jen-^r-a'shnn, n. act of produc- 
ing : people of one period ; race or family. 

genwaave, jen'^r-^tiv, a. able to produce. 

generator, jen'^r-ft-tpr, n. one who produces 
or originates. [guishing, a genus. I 

generie, jen-erlk, a. pertaining to, or distin-| 

generosity, jen-^r-osa-ti, n. nobleness ; lib- 
erality, [mous; liberal.! 

generous, jen'^-rus, a. noble; magnani-| 

genesis, jen'e-sis, n. origin. Genesis, the first 
book of the Bible. 

genial, j6n'i-^, a. vivifying ; healthful ; 
cheerful.— w. genial'ity. 

genitive, ien'i-tiv, a. in gram, indicating the 
case of origination, possession, etc. 

grains, jS-ni-us, «. good or evil spirit presid- 
ing over one's destiny.- ;?/. genii. 

genins, j8'ni-us, n. special taste or faculty * 
inborn mental power ; person endowed 
with special powers of mind. 

genre, zhowgrr, denoting a style of art that 
deals with every-day subjects. 

genteel, jen-ter, a. well-bred ; respectable. 
—adv. genteely.— n. genteelness. 

gentian, jen'sh^n, n. a geniis of plants bear- 
ing blue flowers. 

6en^, jen'tll, n. one not a Jew.— a. pertain- 
ing to Gentiles j in gram, denoting a race. 

gentuity^ jen-til'i-ti, n. good birth ; good- 
breeding; respectability. 

gently jen'tl, a. of good lineage ; refined ; 
amiable ; kind.— n. gentleness. 

gentlefolk, gentlefolks, jen'tl-fok, -s, per- 
sons of good birth. 

gentlomaa, jen'tl-m^n, n. a man of good 
lineage ; man of courtesy and honor.— 
/em. gentlewoman. 

gentlemanly, jen'tl-m^-li, a. becoming a 

gmtly, jent'li, adv. kindly ; miklly ; softly : 
slowly. [but not noble. 

gentry, jent'ri, n. jxiople of good lineage,! 

genuflection, gniaflezion, jen-yu-flek'shun, n. 
act 01 bending the knee. 

genuine, jen'yu-in, a. real ; i)ure ; authentic. 
—adv. genuinely.—/?, genuineness. 

genus, jC'nus, n. group containing several 
species.— pi. genera.— a. generic, gener'ieal. 

geooentrie, j6'9-sen'trik, a. naving tne centre 
of the earth as its centre. 

geodesy, jg-od'es-i, n. science or art of meas- 
uring the surface of the earth, construct- 
ing maps, etc.— a. geodet'io. [geography. I 

geographer, jq-os't^v^t^ n. one versed in| 

geography, je-og'r^-fi, n. science which treats 
of the world and its inhabitants.— a. geo- 
graph'ieai [geology. I 

geologist, jg-ol'^-jist, ». one versed in I 

geology, je-ol'9-ji, n. science which treats or 
the structure of the earth. — a. geolog'ical. 

geometer, js-om'e-t^r, geometrician, j6-om-e- 
trish'^n, n. one skilled in geometry. 

geometry, jg-om'e-tri, n. science which 
treats of the properties and relations of 
magnitude.— a. geomet'ric, geomet'rieal. 

gwrgic, jg-6rj'ik, n. a poem on husbandry. 

gersnium, jg-r&'ni-um, n. genus of plants 
with showy flowers. 

gerfsleon. jer'fa'kn, n. a large bird of the 
hawk kind. [principle. — a. fferminaLI 

germ, jerm, n. bud ; embryo ; origin ; first! 

german, jer'm^n, a. of the first degree, as 

Oerman, jer'm^n, a. pertaining to Germany. 
—n. a native, or the language, of Germany. 
—pi. Oermans. 

german, jer'm^n, n. a kind of cotillion. 

germane. jer-man% a. relevant ; appropriate. 

germinate, jer'mi-nat, v.i. to begin to grow ; 
sprout.— n. germina'tion. 

gesticulate, jes-tik'yu-iat, v.i. to make ges- 
tures.— w. gMticula'tion. [body or limbs. I 

gesture, jest'yur, n. action ; motion of thej 

get, get, v.t. to obtain ; learn ; win ; beget. 
— v.i. to arrive ; move ; become.—^?./, get. 
—p.p. got or gotten. 

gewgaw, gfl'ga, n. a showy trifle ; bauble. 

geyser, grs^r, n. a spring which boils with 
explosions. [ghastliness. | 

ghastly, gast'li, a. death-like ; hideous.— w.| 

gherkin, ger'kin, n. a small cucumber. 

ghost, gOst, n. the soul : apparition of a de- 
ceased person. The Holy Ghost, the third 
Person of the Trinity. 

ghostly, gOst'li, a. like, or of, a ghost ; per- 
taining to the soul. 

dbzc ; Use, rfile, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, thB ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

d by Google 

Digitized b 



ghooL gdbl, n. a fabnlons monster snpposed 
to devour haman carcases. 

giant, jl'^nt, n. a man of extraordinary size. 
—fern, giantess. 

gibber, cib'^r, v.i. to speak inarticulately. 

gibbensn, gib'^r-ish, n. unmeaning articula- 

gibbet, jib'et, n, a gallows.— 1?.<. to hang 
upon a gibbet. 

gibbons, gib'us, a. hunched ; swelling • con- 
vex. LJeer.! 

gibe, jib, v.t. and v.i. to mock ; jeer.— n. a| 

giblets, jib'lets, internal eatable parts 
of a fowl. 

giddy, gid'i, a. dizzy ; causing giddiness ; 
thoughtless.— n. giddiness. 

gift, gift, n. anything given ; natural faculty. 

gifted, gift'ed, a. endowed by nature ; rich 
in natural gifts. 

gig; gig, n. a light two-wheeled carriage ; 
Tight boat ; top. 

gig, gig, n. a fish-spear, 
gigantic, jl-j 
giffgle, gig 
laughter.— v.i. to laugh' or titter. 

. jl-gan'tik, a. enormous. 
[1*. gig^i f^' half-suppressed, or silly, 

gild, gild, »./. to overlay with gold.— p.t. and 

p.p. gilded or gilt, 
gildinc, gild'ing^ w. art of overlaying with 

gold ; decoration in gold-leaf, 
gifl, jil, n. one-fourth of a pint, 
gill-net, gil'net, n. net in which fish are en- 
tangled by the gills. [fishes. I 
gills, gilz, the breathing organs in| 
gillyflower, jil'i-flou-^r, n. a flowering plant, 
gilt, gilt, a. overlaid with gold, 
gimbals, gim'b^ls, n.pi. 

frame for suspending a 

compass to keep it hori- 
gimeraek, jlm'krak. n. a 

toy ; trifling contrivance, 
gimlet, gim'let, n. small tool 

for boring, 
gimp, gimp, n. trimming 

made of wire and silk, 
gin, jin, «. spirit made from rye or barley, 

and flavored with juniper berries. 
gin, jin, n. an engine ; machine ; trap.—?)./. 

to clear of seeds by a machine, as cotton. 
ginger, jin'jer, n. a tropical plant, and its 

spicv root, 
ginj^bread, jin'j^r-bred, n. cake spiced 

with ginger. 
gingerly, jin'jer-li, adv. cautiously, 
gingham, ging'^m, //. cotton cloth woven of 

dyed threads. [Japan. I 

gingko, ging'kO, n. an ornamental tree irom| 
ginseng, jin'seng, n. a plant, and its root. 
gipsy, jip'«i, see gypsy. 


giralfb, ji-raf, -rilf, «. the cam- 
elopard ; a long-necked Af- 
rican quadruped. 

gird, gerd, v.t. to bind round ; 
surround.— p.<. and p.p. j^ed 
or girt. 

girder, g^rd'^r, n. 
chief timber sup- 
porting a floor. 

girdle, gSr'dl, iu a 
band for the waist ; 
inclosure.— v.<. to 
bind ; inclose ; de- 
tach a circular strip 
of bark from, as a 
tree. 'i- 

girL gerl, n. a female ' 
child; young 

girlhood, gSrl'hud, n. state or time of being 
a girl. 

girlish, gferl'ish, a. of, or like, a girl. 

girt, g6rt, girth, gerth, n. strap securing a 
saddle ; measure around the body. 

gist, jist, n. main point, pith of a matter. 

give, giv, v.t. to bestow ; yield ; permit ; pay. 
" " " ~' " 1. 



giisard, giz'ard, n. muscular stomach of a| 
glacial, glft'sh^l, a. pertaining to ice ; 
glacier, gla'sh^r, glfts'i-^r, n. large fielH of 


ice among mountains, 
glads, gIft'sS, gla'sis, n. a sloping bank, 
glad, glad, a. pleased ; happy ; cheerful ; 

joyful ; causing happiness.- cw/v. gladly. 

—n. gladness.— 1?.<. to make glad, 
gladden, glad'n, v.t. to make glad, 
glade, glad, n. open space in a wood, 
gladiator, glad^-fl-tor, ii. a swordsman ; one 

who fought for the public entertainment. 
gladiatoriaC glad-i-^to'ri-^1, a. pertaining to 

gladiators or prize-fighting, 
gladiolus, gla-dl'9-lus, -d€'-, n. a plant of the 

iris family, with Bword-shapea leaves, 
gladsome, glad'sum, a. joyous ; gay.— n. 

gljur, glar, n. the white of an egg.— a. glairy. 

glaive, giav, n. a heavy cutting sword. 

glamonr^ glam'ur, n. magical illusion ; fas- 

glanee, glftns, n. sudden flash of light ; mo- 
mentary view.— v.t. and v.i. to flash sud- 
denly ; give a hasty look ; fly oflf obliquely : 
allude briefly. [or plants. 

gland, gland, n. secreting organ in animals! 

glanders, gland'^rz, n. contagious disease in 
horses. [consisting of, glands.) 

glandular, gland 'yfi-lar, a. pertaining to, or| 

glare, glar, n. a dazzling light ; fierce look. 
—v.i. to shine excessively ; look fiercely. 

ace, air. add, arm, ftsk, all, visage ; sgv6re, ebb, her, mSk^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, dff, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 




faring, glar'ing, a. over-bright ; conspica- 

f^MMy gifts, n. brittle transparent substance 
made from alkalies and silex ; anything 
made of glass, as a cap, mirror, lens, etc. 
—v.t. to cover with glass. 

glM8-Uower, glfts'blO-^r, n. one who fashions 
glass by blowing. 

fl^Msy, glftsM, a. like glass.— 7i. gluiiness. 

glaie, glftz, v.t. to furnish or cover with 
glass, or anything like glass ; give a glossy 
surface to. — n. a glassy surface or coat. 

gladar, glft'zh^r, n. one who sets glass in 

I^aang, glftz'ing, n. art of setting glass ; 
glassy coat of pottery, etc.; transparent 
colors laid over opaque. 

glMm, glSm, v.i. to shme ; flash. — n. flash of 
light : brightness. 

gltUL, giSn, v.t. and v.i. to gather grain left 
by harvesters ; collect what is thinly scat- 
tered, [to a parish church. I 

glebe, gl6b, n. soil ; earth ; land belonging | 

glede, gl6d, n. the European kite. 

^M, glS, n. merriment ; lively song in parts. 

^n, glen, n. narrow valley. [n. ffliDneu.! 

gift, glib, a. slippery ; fluent.— «</». gUbly.— | 

^ide, gild. v.i. to flow or slide smoothly ; 
pass rapidly.— n. act of gliding. 

^immer, glim'^r, v.i. to burn or appear 
faintlv.— w. a faint light. [appearance. I 

giiMinTiiip glim'^r-in^, n. a faint light or| 

glimpse, glimps, n. glimmer ; brief view or 

glial, glint, n. a flash ; gleam.— v.i. to gleam. 

listen, glis'n, v.i. to gutter ; shine. 

glitter, glit'^r, v.i. to shine ; flash ; sparkle. 
— n. lustre ; flashing. 

g^eeming, glOm'ing, n. twilight. [delight. I 

gleet, glo^ v.i. to gaze with eagerness or] 

glebe, glob, n. a round body ; sphere ; the 
earth. [globos'ltj. I 

glebese, glo-bOs', a. spherical; round.— «.| 

gMaltf, glob'yu-1^, a. like a globe ; spher- 
ical, [particle.! 

glebnle, glob'lll, n. a small ball; round 

gloem. globm, n. sadness ; sullenncss; partial 

gleemy, gldbm'i, a. sad ; sullen ; dimly 
lighted ; dark.— adv. gloomily.- n. gloomi- 

glenfy, glO'ri-fl, v.t. to make glorious ; as- 
cribe honor to ; extol.— n. glorifiea'tion. 

glMieni, glO'ri-ns, a. splendid; illustrious.- 
adv. mievsly. , 

^orf, glO'ri, n. renown ; honor ; splendor ; 
heaven.— ».i. to exult ; boast. 

I^oee, glos, n. lustre ; polish ; external show. 
—v.t. to give a lustre to ; render plausible. 

gloss, glos, n. a comment. 

glossary, glos'^ri, n. collection of words 

with their explanations. [glossiness. I 

glossj, glos'i, a. smooth and shining.— ;i.| 
glottis, glot'is, fi. opening of the wind-pipe, 
glove, gluv, n. a cover for the hand, 
glover, gluv'^r, n. one who makes gloves. 
glow, glO, v.i. to shine with intense heat ; 

feel neat or ardor ; be flushed with color. 

— n. heat with light ; heat ; brightness of 

color. [which emits light. I 

glow-worm, glO'wurm. n. a wingless insect | 
glose, glOz, v.i. to explain ; talk smoothly.— 

v.t. to palliate. [pared from starch. I 

glneose. glfl'kOs, n. a kind of sugar prc-| 
glue, gm, n. animal jelly used as a cement. 

—v.t. to cement with glue. 
glnm, glum, a. gloomy * sullen. [grasses. I 
glume, gltlm, n. scaly flower -cover of| 
glut, glut, v.t. to gorge ; feast to satipty.— n. 

a superabundance. 
gluten, gld'ten, n. viscid part of dough, 
glntinens, glfl'tin-us, a. viscid ; tenacious, 
glutton, gmt'n, n. a voracious eater ; car- 
nivorous quadruped, 
glnttonons, glut'n-ns, a. given to gluttony, 
gluttony, glut'n-i, n. excess in eating. 
glyeerine, glis'^r-in, n. sweet viscid liquid 

obtained from fat. 
gnarl, ngrl, n. knot in a tree. 
gnarled, nftrld, a. knotty. [together.] 

gnash, nash, y.t. to strike or grincf the teeth 1 
gnat, nat, n. a small fly. 
gnaw, n&, v.t. and v.i. to bite off by degrees : 

bite ; scrape with the teeth. [granite.! 

gneiss, nis, n. stratified rock resemblingl 
gnom^ nOra, n. a fabled subterraneous being : 

dwarf or goblin. [sayings.' 

gnomie, nOm'ik, a. containing pithy or wise. 
gnomon, nO'mpn, n. the pin of a sun-dial. 
gnostie, nos'tik, a. denoting a sect which 

attempted to combine Pagan philosophy 

with Christianity.— w. an adherent of this 

gnn, nfl, n. kind 

or African an- 
go, go, v.i. to 

move ; proceed ; 

depart ; tend; 

be about to do. 

—p.t. went. 

p.p. gone, 
goad, gOd, n. 

Sointed stick for 
riving oxen,etc.— v.^to drive with a goad; 
urge on. 
goal, gOl, n. post marking the turning point 
or end of a race ; end ; aim. 


dbze ; tlse, rtlle, poll, up ; oil, out ; thin, th5 ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

9 Digitized by Google 




goat, got, n. an active quadruped of the 

sheep family. 
CMt-h«rd, gOt'herd, n. one who tends goats. 
foUils, gob'l, v.t. to devour hastily.— i-.t. to 

make a noise, as a turkey-cock. [cock. I 

gobUer, gob'ler, n. a greedy eater ; turkey-| 
goUet, gob'let, n. large drinking-cup. 
goUm, gob'lin, n. a frightful or miscnievous 

God, god, n. the Supreme Being. 
god, god, n. a deity ; idol.-/<em. ^ 
godiktber, god'fft-^A^r. n. male sponsor for a 

child.— j'cm. godmottier. 
Godhsad, god'hed, n. deity ; divine nature. 
godlen, god'les, n. wicked ; impious, 
godly, god'Ii, a. pious; religious.- w. godli- 

nen. rtune.l 

godsend, god 'send, n. unexpected good for-| 
godson, god'spn, n. male child for whom one 

is sponsor.— /«m. god-danght«r. 
goggle, gog'I, vd. to stare with rolling eyes. 
g0|;gleo, gog'lz, spectacles with pro- 

lecting eye-tubes, 
going, go'ing, n. departure. 
goitrcL goi'ter {Fr. gwatr), n. enlargement of 

a gland of the throat. [money. I 

gold, gold, n. a yellow, precious metal ;| 
gold-beater, gOld'bSt'^r, n. one who beats 

gold into thin leaves. 
golden, gOld'n, a. made of gold ; gold-col- 

oi-eil ; bright ; precious ; happy. 
golden-rod, gOld'n-rod, n. a plant of the 

aster family with yellow flowers, 
goldflneh, gOld'finsh, n. a singing-bird with 

yellow wings, [thin leaves for gilding. 1 
gold-leaf gOld'lCf, n. gold beaten into very! 
goldsmitn, gOld'smith, n. a worker in gold 

and silver. [a ball and clubs. I 

golf, golf, n. an out-door game played with) 
gondola, gon'- 

do-Ift, n. a 



gondolier, gon- 
do-lCr", n. 


one who 
rows a gondola, 
gone, gOn, p.p. of go. [ard.l 

gonfalon, gon'f^-lpn, n. a military stand- 1 
gong, gong, n. a Chinese musical instrument 

of bronze. 
good, gud, a. having suitable or desirable 
qualities : virtuous ; kind ; valid ; sound ; 
serviceable.— n. that which promotes wel- 
fare, etc.; prosperity; advantage. 
good-bye, gud'br, int. or adv. farewell • 
adieu. [goodlineu. 

goodly, giid'li, a. beautiful ; excellent.— n.| 

good-nature, gud'na'chur, n. amiability. — a. 
good-natorea. [kindness ; validity.! 

goodnesa, ^ ^d'ncB, n. excellence: virtue;] 
i.jw. movables ; furniture ; 

goods, ifidsj n.i 

good-will, gud-wil', n. benevolence; undis- 
turbed possession of the custom of any 
business. [smoothing-iron.—///. geeM. 

goose, g<^s, n. a web-footed fowl ; a tailor's' 

gooseoerry, gdbz'ber-i, n. a thorny shmb. 
and its fruit. [tortoise ; a pouched rat. 

gopher, gO'f^r, n. a kind of wood ; a large| 

gore, gOr, n. clotted blood ; blood.— a. goiy. 

gore, gOr, n. triangular piece of cloth. — f).t. 
to sliape with gores ; to pierce with any- 
thing pointed. 

gorge, gori, n. the throat ; narrow ravine.— 
v.t. to devour greedily ; glut.— r.i. to eat 

gorgeous, gOr'jus, a. very splendid or showy. 
—adv. gorgeonsly.- n. gorgeonsness. 

gorget, gOrj'et, n. armor or ornament worn 
below the throat. 

gorgon, gOr'gon, n. fabled monster that 
X ^rbeholders to 


to stone ; hideous person. 

gorilla, go-ril'ft, n. a 

large and fierce 

African ai)e. 
gormandise, -ise, gOr'- 

m^n-dlz, v.i. to eat 

greedily.— ». gor- 

gorse, gOrs, n. a prickly 

goshawk, gos'h&k, n. a 

short- winged hawk, 
gosling, goz'ling, d. 

young goose. 
OospeL ^os'pel, n. the 

Christian revelation ; 

one of the four nar- 
ratives of the life of 

gossamer, gos'^m^r, n. 

fine spider-webs which 

float in the air. 
gossip, gos'ip, n. a spon- 
sor ; familiar acquaintance ; idle talker ; 

tattle.— t?.t. to chat ; tattle. 
got got, p.i. and p.p. of get 
Ootli, goth, n. one of an ancient Germanic 

nation ; a barbarian. 
Oothie, goth'ik, a. pertaining to the Goths ; 

denoting a peculiar style in architecture, 
gonge, gouj, n. chisel with a hollow blade.— 

v.t. to scoop out, as with a gonge. 
gonrd, gOrd, n. vine bearing a fmit with 

hard rind ; the fruit, or a vessel made of 

its rind. 


ace, air, add, ftrm, gsk, all, vis^e ; sgvgre, ebb, her, mak^r ; IcOnn ; Od^r, ox, Off, 

Digitized by V3OOQ iC 




genrmand, gcTor'mand, n. a glutton ; epicure. 

gtnt, gout, n. a disease affecting the joints. 
-a. gAiity. 

gorern, guV^m, v.t. to direct ; control ; 
rule.— ij.i. to exercise authority. 

gOTuness, guv'^r-nes, n. a tutoress. 

govemmeni, guv'^rn-ment, n. management ; 
control ; system of governing ; persons 
who administer the laws. [ruler. I 

g^Tunor, guv'^rn-^r. n. chief magistrate;! 

gown, goun, n. long loose dress ; robe. 

gown«a, gound, a. wearing a gown. 

gntb, gral), v.t. to seize suddenly. 

gnoe, gras, n. favor ; pardon ; aivine favor ; 
elegance ; a short prayer at meat.— 1\^ to 
mark with favor ; adorn. 

gnoeftil, grfis'f ul, a. full of grace or elegance. 
—culv. gneeftilly.— n. graeeflilnesf. 

gneeloM, grfls'les, a. wanting grace ; wicked. 

gndoiif, gra'shus, a. abounding in grace or 
kindness.— fl^v. graoionsly.— ;^. graeions- 
Btn. [progress by degrees. I 

grtdatioii, gr^-dS'shun, n. arrangement or| 

grade, grftd, n. degree ; rank ; angle of slope. 
—v.t. to reduce to a gradual slojpe, as a 
road. [n. angle of slope ; incline. I 

gradiAnt, grSd'i-ent, a. sloping regularly.—! 

gradmal, grad'yu-^1, a. proceeding by de- 
grees ; slow ; not steep. — adv. gradually. 

gradsate, grad'yu-at, v.t. to receive a univer- 
sity de^ec.—v.t. to mark with degrees ; 
proportion ; confer a degree upon.— w. 

graduate, grad'yu-jtt, n. one who has re- 
ceived a university degree. 

graft, gr^ft, n. scion inserted in a stock.— 
v.t. to insert a graft. 

grain, gran, n. com ; a small seed or particle ; 
one seven-thousandth of a pound avoir- 
dupois ; arrangement of particles, as in 
stone, or fibres, as in wood.— i?.^. to form 
into grains ; to paint in imitation of the 
grain of wood. [grains troy. I 

gram, ^ram, n. a weight equalling 15.432| 

graminivorous, gram-in-rv'p-rus, a. feeding on 
grass and herbage. 

grammar, gram'^r, n. science which treats 
of the laws of language ; a book which 
teaches grammar. 

grammarian, gram-a'ri-^n, n. one versed in, 
or a writer on, grammar. 

grammatieal^ gram-at'i-k^l, a. pertaining to, 
or according to the rules of, grammar.— 
ac^r. granunatieally. [animal.] 

grampva, gram'pus, n. a cetaceous marine] 

granary, gran'%-ri, n. storehouse for ^ain. 

grand, gr&nd^ a. very great ; magnificent ; 
chief.— adv. crandly. 

grandam, gran'oi^m, n. grandmother. 

grandehild, grand'chlld, n. child of one's son 

or daughter. [first rank. ( 

grandee, gran-dS', n. a Spanish noble of the| 
grandeur, grand'yur, n. vastness ; sublimity ; 

grandftther, grand'fa-^A^r, n. a father's or 

mother's father.— -/fern, grandmother, 
grandilognent, grana-il'9-kwent, a. using 

pompous speech.— n. grandiloguenoe. 
grand-jnry, grand-jfl'ri, n. jury which in- 
dicts persons charged with offenses, 
grandsire, grand'sTr, n. a grandfather. 
grandson, grand'spn, n. son of a son or 

daughter.~/(?m. grand-daughter. [ings.l 
granfre, granjjW. a farmhouse with its build-l 
granite, gran'it, n. crystalline rock composed 

of quartz, feldspar, and mica.— a. granit'ie. 
granivorons, gran-iv'9-rus, a. feeding on 

grant, gr^nt, v.t. to bestow ; concede.— w. act 

of granting; anything granted, [made.j 
grantee, grant's, n. one to whom a grant isl 
grantor, gr^nt'or, n. one who makes a grant, 
granular, gran'yu-l^r, a. consisting of grains, 
grannlate, gran'yu-lat. v.t. to form into 

grains.— w. grannla'non. 
grannie, gran'tll, n. a little grain ; particle. 
grape, grSp, v. the fruit of the vine, 
grapery, grap'^r-i, n. building in which 

grapes are grown, 
grape-shot, grap'shot, n. cluster of bullets 

for firing from a cannon, 
graphie^ graf 'ik, a.^rtaining to delineation ; 

strikingly descriptive. [bago.j 

graphite, graf It, n. native carbon; plum-| 
grapnel, grap'nel, n. small anchor 

with several claws. 
gr»pple, grap'l. v.t. to seize ; 

clutch ; lay fast hold of.- 

to contend in close fight.— n. a 

gripe or clutch, 
grasp, grasp, v.t. to gripe ; seize 

and nold.—v.i. to endeavor 

to seize.— n. gripe ; power 

of seizure. 
grass, grfts, n. herbage ; order ' 

of plants with narrow 

leaves and tubular stems. Grapnel. 

—a. grassy. 
grasshopper, grfts'hop-^r, n. a hopping insect, 
grate, grat, n. a frame of metal bars.— v.t. 

to rub roughly; pulverize by rubbing.- 

v.i. to make a "harsh sound ; annov. 
grateftil, grat'ffil, a. pleasant ; delightful ; 

th&nkfm.— adv. grateftilly.— n. gratefU- 

grater, grat'^r, n. an instrument for grating, 
gratifjr, grat'i-fl, v.t. to please ; soothe ; in- 
dulge.— /i. gratiflea'tion. 


%. a 

ifbze ; tise, rfile, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, tM ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

Digitized by vaOOQlC 




grsting, grSt'ing, a. hareh ; annoying.— n. a 
framework of bars. [charge, j 

gratis, grftt'is. adv. for nothing ; without! 

grsfciiaM, grat'i-tfld, n. thankfnmees. 

gratoitons, grat-tl'i-tas, a. without charge ; 
voluntary ; uncalled-for ; without suffi- 
cient ground.— (idv. gratuitously.— n. 

gratuity, grat-tl'i-ti, «. a gift. 

grave, grftv, v.t. to carve ; engrave.—/?.;? 
gravM or grayeiL— 71. a pit for the dead ; 
death. [not acute.— «</r. gravely. I 

grave, grftv, a. heavy ; important 
gravel, grav'el, n. small 

I Bion* 

seriouy ,, 

, „ . :one8 or pebbles ; 

concretions in the kidneys or bladder.— 
v.t. to cover with gravel. 

graver, grftv'^r, n. a tool for engraving. 

grave-stone, grfiv'stOn, n. stone placed to 
mark a grave. 

grave-yard, grav'vftrd, n. a burial-place. 

gravitMO, grav'i-tftt, v.t. to be acted on by 
gravity ; tend natnrally.— w. gravits'tion. 

gravity, p*av'i-ti, n. weight ; reciprocal at- 
traction of matter ; seriousness. 

gtvrj, grft'vi, n. juice of cooked meat. 

graT, g% a. of a color mixed of white and 
black : hoary. 

graybesrd, gra'oSrd, n. an old man. 

grase, grftz, v.t. to rub slightly, [eat grass. I 

grase, grftz, v.t. to feed with grass.— ??.i. to| 

grasier, grft'zh^r, w. one wlio rears cattle. 

grease, grSs, n. animal fat ; fatty matter. 

grease, gr5z, v.t. to smear with grease. 

greasy, grg'zi, a. of, or like, grease ; smeared 
with grease.- 7<. greasiness. 

great, grat, a. large ; numerous ; chief ; im- 
portant; distinguished.— otfp. greatly.- 
n. greatness. 

Oreeian, grg'shan, a. pertaining to Greece.— 
n. one versea in Greek literature. 

greed, grSd, v. inordinate desire ; avarice. 

greedy. grCd'i, a. voracious ; covetous.- a</». 
greeduy.— n. greediness. 

Oraek, grCk, a. pertaining to Greece.— n. a 
native, or the language, of Greece. 

green, grCn. a. of the color of the leaves of 
plantis ; fresh ; vigorous ; young ; raw. — 
n. a green color : a grassy plat. 

greenback, grCn'bak, n. promissory note of 
the IT. S. treasury, used as currency. (So 
called from the back being printed in 
green ink.) 

greengage, grGn'gaj, n. a variety of the plum. 

green-groeer, gren'grOs'^r, n. a retailer of 
fresh vegetables. 

greenhouse, grCn'hous, n. building in which 
tender plants are kept. 

green-room, grfin'rdbm, n. actors' waiting- 
room in a theatre. 

greens, gr6nz, leaves and sproats of 
vegetables used for food. 

greet, grCt, v.t. to salute : address. 

greeting, gret^ng, n. a salutation, [flocks.* 

giegarions, gr6-^'ri-us, a. associating iui 

gr^ade. gren-aa% n. metal ball filled with 
powder to be fired by a match, and thrown 
from the hand, [ing a peculiar uniform. I 

grenadier. gren-^dCr', n. root-soldier wear-| 

grew, gru, p.t. of grow. 

grewsome, gmesome, 
grii'sum, a. fright- 
ful ; ghastly ; hor- 

grey, gra, see gray. 

greyhonnd, grS'hound, 
n. a slender and swift 

[ship; wrong.l 
e of grief ; hara-| 

breed of dog. 
griddle, grid'l, n. plate 

or shallow pan for 

baking cakes, 
gridiron, gridl-um, 

n. small iron grate 

for broiling. Greyhound, 

grief^ gr6f , n. sorrow ; 

regret ; afiliction. 

grievanee, grfiv'^ns, n. cause o. , , 

grieve, grev, v.t. to cause grief to ; vex.— 

r.i. to feel grief ; mourn, 
grievous, grCv'us, a. afflictive ; painful ; 

heinous.- n. grievonsness. 
griffln, grif'in, griffon, grif'^n, 

71. anlmaginary animal, part 

lion and part eagle. 
grig, grig, n. a cricket ; small 

grill, gril, v.t. to broil on a grid- Griffin 

grim, grim, a. fierce ; sullen; hideous.— ot/r. 

gnndy.— n. grimneas. 
grimace, gri-mBs', n. distortion of the face. 

~v.i. to make grimaces, 
grimalkin, gri-maJ'kin, n. an old cat. 
grime, grim, n. ingrained dirt.— r./. to boII 

deeply. — o. grimy, 
grin, grin, v.t. to show the teeth, through 

rage or mirth.— w. act of grinning, 
grind, grind, v.t. to rub to powder; wear 

down or sharpen by rubbing ; oppress.— 

^.^. and 7?. ». groond. [tooth I 

gnnder, gnnd'^r, n. one who grinds; a cheek- 1 
grindstone, grlnd'stOn, n. revolving stone for 

grinding tools, 
gr^, grip, n. a firm grasp or clutch, 
gripe, grip, n. a strong grasp or clutch ; op- 
pression ; pain in the Dowels. 
gripeL grip, v.t. to hold firmly ; clutch ; give 

pain in the bowels, 
gripsack, grip'sak, n, a hand-yalise. 

ace, air, add, arm, ask, ail, visage ; severe, ebb, hSr, mftk^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, fiff, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 




a. gray; 

grisly, griz'li, a. frightful • hideous. 

gzist, grist, n. corn ground, or for grinding. 

at one time. [tilage.— a. grietly. 

gristle, jgris'l, n. elastic animal tissue ; car-| 
grit^^rit, n. coarse meal ; sand or gravel.— a. 

grinr. — n. nitttness. 
gnscleo, griz'id, ffriszlr, gi 

mixed with black and wn 
grisslj bewr, griz'li bar, n. a large and fierce 

bear of western N. America, 
groan, grOn, v.i. to atter a deep moan ; be 

afflicted. — n. a deep moan. [pence. I 

grost, gr&t, n. old English coin worth four-| 
gTMto, gr&ts, oats stripped of the husks. 
j^oeer, grOs'^r, n. a dealer in tea, sugar, 

spices, etc. [sold by grocers. I 

groeery, grOs'^ri, n. a grocer's store; goods] 
gr«g, gn^, n. spirit and water. 
groin, grom, n. junction of the belly and the 

thigh ; junction of intersecting arches. 
groined, groind, a. having intersecting arches. 
groom, grdbm, n. one who has the charge of 

horses ; a bridegroom.— «;.<. to tend, as a 

horse. [nel.— 4?.^. to make a groove in. I 
groove, grdbv, n. a narrow furrow, or chan-| 
grope, grOp, v.i. to feel about in the dark.— 

v.t. to search by groping, 
groes, grOe, a. coarse ; large ; palpable ; 

obscene.— w. the main bulk ; whole sum ; 

twelve dozen.— ac/t;. grossly. — n. grossness. 
grot, grot, grotto, groro, n. small cavern, 

natural or artificial. 
gr«tes5pie» gro-tesk', a. extravagantly formed ; 

ludicrous.— w. an extravagant ornament or 

figure.— 71. grotesqneness. 
ground, ground, n. surface of the earth ; 

soil ; land ; foundation ; in jyl. dreo:s.— v./. 

to fix as a foundation ; instruct in prin- 
ciples. — v.i. to strike the bottom, as a ship. 
ground, ground, p.t. and p.p. of grind, 
groundless, ground'les, a. without founda- 
tion. — adv. gronndlessly. — n. groundlessness, 
gronnd-nnt, ground'nut, n. kind of nut pro- 
duce under ground; 

plant which bears 

such nuts, 
ground-rent, gronnd'- 

rent, n. rent paid for 

groondwork, ground'- 

wurk, n. loondation; 

first principle, 
gronp, grdbp,n. cluster; 

assemblage.— t;.^. to 

form into a group or 

grouse, grous, n. moor- 
fowl ; genus of game 

birds. Grouse. 

grout, grout, n. a mixture of cement and 
broken stone.— 1?.<. to fill up with grout. 

grove. grOv, n. a small wood. 

grovel, grov'l, v.i, to crawl on the ground ; 
abase one's self. 

grow, grO, v.i. to increase in size ; become 
greater ; develop ; become. — v.i. to culti- 
vate.— p.i. gnw.—p.p. grown. 

growl, groul, v.i. to grumble ; snarl.— w. a 
snarling sound ; angry muttering. 

growth, grOth, n. increase in size ; develop- 
ment ; vegetation. [a beetle, etc. I 

grub, grub, v.t. and v.i. to dig.— «. larva of | 

gmdge, gruj, v.t. to give unwillingly ; envy. 
—v.t. to be envious or discontented.— n. 
old enmity ; spite. 

gruel, grft'el, n. meal boiled in water. 

grulT, gruf, a. hoarse ; surly ; chnrVish.— adv. 
gruffly. — n. gruAiess. 

grum. gram, a. surly ; sullen. 

grumole, grum'bl, v.i. to murmur with dis- 
content ; growl. 

grunt, grunt, v.i. to make a sound like a 
hog. — n. sound made by a hog. 

guaiaeum, gwl'^-kum, n. a tree yielding a 
medicinS resin. 

guano, gwa'nO, n. dung of sea-fowl. 

guarantee, gar-^n-te', n. surety for the per- 
formance of a contract ; charge for insur- 
ing payment of a debt. [guarantee. I 

guarantor, gar'^n-tor, n. one who gives a| 

guaranty, gar'g,n-ti, v.t. to give surety for 
the performance of a contract by another. 

guard, gSrd, v.t. to watch ; defend ; protect. 
— n. man or body of men charged with 
defense ; part of the hilt of a sword pro- 
tecting the hand ; posture of defense. 

guardian, gSrd'i-^n, n. one who takes care 
of ; person appointed to take care of an 
orphan.— n. guardianship. 

gubernatorial, gtl-b^r-n^-tor'i-al, a. pertain- 
ing to a governor. [a wheel turns. I 

gud^n, guj'un, n. small fish ; pin on which] 

gueraon, ^rd'pn, n. recompense. 

guerrilla, g^r-il'ft, n. irregular war by small 

guess, ges, v.t. to conjecture ; solve, as a 
riddle. — v.i. to form conjectures. — n. a 

guest, gest, n. a visitor entertained. 

gulEaw, guf-fi,', n. a boisterous laugh. 

guidanee, gld'^ns, n. direction ; leading. 

guide, gid, v.t. to lead ; direct.— n. one who 
shows the way ; anything that directs. 

guide-post, gld'pOst, n. a post indicating the 
way. [others.] 

guild, gild, n. an association of workmen or} 

guile, gll, n. cunning ; deceit.— a. guileful 

guileiMS, gTPlcH, a. without guile ; artless. 

dbze ; Use, rfile, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, tkS ; get, jet ; kin. 


chip, az(zh)ure. 

by Google 




goilloime, gil'^-tCn, w. a ma- 
chine for beheading, 
guilt gilt, n. crime ; sin. 
gniltleM, gilt'les, a. without 

lit ; innocent, 
wicked. — cuiv, guiltily. - 


gilt'l, a. criminal ; 




gSuUk, gin'i, n. English gold Guillotine, 
coin (now disused), worth 
twenty-one shillings. [African bird. I 

guinea-fowl, gin'i-foul, n. a domesticated! 

guinea-pig, gin'i-pig, n. a small 8. American 

gniie, giz, n. manner ; appearance ; dress. 

gnittf, gi-t&r' «. musical stringed instni- 
ment played with the fingers. 

gulf, gulf, n. large bay ; chasm. 

gull, gul, n. a 
genus of sea- 

gnU, gul, v.t. to 
deceive; de- 
fraud.— n. a 

gullet, gullet, 
n. passage 
food from 
the mouth to the stomach. [libil'itv. I 

gullible, gul'i-bl, a. easily deceived.— ;i. giu-| 

gttlly, gul'i, n. channel worn by water. — v.t. 
to wear a channel in. [swallow.! 

gulp, gulp, v.t. to swallow eagerly.— ». a] 

gum, gum, n. flesh inclosing the teeth. 

gum, gum, n. the hardened juice of certain 
trees.— v.t. to cement or stiffen with gum. 

gnm-arabie, gum-ar'a-bik, n. |?um obtained 
from several species of acacia. 

gnmbo, gum'bo, n. a plant bearing edible 
mucilaginous pods. 

gnm-boil, gum'boil, n. abscess on the gum. 

gummy, gum'i, a. of, or like, gum. 

gun, gun, n. instrument for throwing balls 
or shot by means of gunpowder. 

gnn-eotton. gun'cot'n, ti. cotton rendered ex- 
plosive by treatment with nitric and sul- 
J)huric acids. 

gunner, gun'^r, n, one who manag:es a gun. 

gunnery, gun'^-ri, n. art of managing guns. 

gonny-bag, gun'i-bag, n. bag of coarse sack- 

gunpowder, gun'pou'd^r, «. explosive pow- 
der, composed of nitre, sulphur, and 

gnnihot, gun'shot, n. reach or range of a 
gun ; (in eomposition, inflicted by a bullet 
as a gonshot-wonnd). [of guns. 

gnnimitn, gun'smith, n. maker or repairerj 

guiftoek, gnn'stok, n. wood in which the 
barrel of a gun is fixed. 

gnnwile, gun'wftl, gun'el, n. upper edge of a 
ship's Side. 

gnrgle, ^'gl, v.i, to gush or flow with a 
bubbling noise. 

goeh, gusti, v.i. to flow out violently or co- 
pioi^y.— n. a sadden flow. 

gnuet, gus'et, n. a piece of cloth inserted in 
a garment to strengthen it, or fill an angle. 

gut, gust, n. sudden blast of wind ; sudden 
storm.— a. gusty. 

gut, gust, guto, gost'O, n. relish ; taste. 

gnt, gut, n. a bowel ; catgut.— u.^ to disem- 
bowel ; plunder. 

gntta-pereha, gut'ft-perch'ft, n. solidified juice 
of certain Malayan trees. 

gutter, gut'^r, n. channel for water ; groove. 
—v.t. to make gutters in. 

guttural, gat'ur-^, a. pertaining to, or 
formed in, the tliroat. — adv. guttirally. 

guy, ^, n. rope to guide or steady a sus- 
pended weight. [quently.I 

guile, guz'l, v.t. to drink greedily or fre-| 

guiler, gnzl^r, n. one who guzzles; a 
drunkard. [letic exercises ; school. I 

gymnaiium, jim-nft'zi-um, n. ulace for ath-| 

gymnaet, jim'nast, n. one; skilled in gym- 
nastics, [atliletic exercises.! 

gymnastie, iim-nas'tik, a. pertaining to| 

gymnaitiot, jlm-nas'tiks, n, art of perform- 
ing athletic exercises. 

gyneeologr* Jin-€-kol'9-ji. n. science treating 
of the functions and diseases of women. 

gypsum, jip'sum, n. sulphate of lime ; plas- 
ter of Paris. 

ff7P*y» jlp'si, n. one of a wandering Asiatic 
race, now scattered over Europe. 

gyre, jlr. n. a circle ; circular motion. 

gyrKe, jl'rftt, v.t. to move in a circle or 
spiral.— ra. gyra'tien. 

gyratory, jl'r^t^-ri, a. moving in a circle or 
spiral. Fment or toy. I 

gywww^po. jT'r9-6k0p, n. a revolving instra-| 

gyve, jiv, n. a fetter or shackle for the leg.— 

v.t. to f< 



H, h, ftch, eighth letter of the alphabet. 

ha, nft, int. denoting surprise ; wtien re- 
peated, laughter. 

hiMas eorpu, hab'e-^kdrp'us, n. writ di- 
recting any one detaining another, to pro- 
duce the prisoner in court 

haberdasher, hab'^r-dash-^r, n. a dealer hi 
small wares. 

habe^^eon, hab'^r-Jun, n. a light hauberk. 

habiliment, hab-il'i-ment, n. garment ; dress. 

ftce, §ir, add, Srm, Qsk, all, vis^e ; sfivfire, ebb, hSr, m&k^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, 6% 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 




hatffc, babbit, n. ordinary Btate ; acquired 

tendency ; custom ; dress ; a garment.— 

v.^. to dress. [in. I 

hakitaUe. bab'it-^bl, a. that may be dwelt! 
hakitai, nab'i-tat, n. natural home of a wild 

plant or animal. 
hapUtstion, bab-i-ta'shun, n. dwelling ; abode. 
liakitnal, hab-it'yn-^l, a. formed by habit ; 

costomary.— a(/t;. habitually, 
halntoate, hab-it'yn-St, v.t. to accustom, 
hakitads, hab'i-ttld, n. tendency from habit ; 

nsaal manner, 
haidc, hak, v.t. to chop j mangle. — n. a notch, 
haok, bak, n. a horse nired ; hackney-coach ; 

drudge. — a. hackneyed ; hired. 
haokbnt. hak'bnt. n. a harquebus. 
haekle, nak'l, n. iron tool for combing flax, 

etc. ; feather in a cock's neck.— ».<. to 

comb with a Iiackle. [larch, i 

haokmaiaek, hak'ma-tak, n. the American | 
haekiiey, hak'ni, n. horse let for hire. — v.t. 

to use much : make trite. 
haekiMy-eoMh, hak'ni-koch', n. coach let for 

had, had. ».^. and 

p,p. of na,Te. 
haddoek, had'pk, 

n. sea-fish of 

the cod family. 
Hadta, h&MSz, n. 

P^^Sl, ^' J®' Haddock, 

parted spirits. 

hOTiarrhage, hem'9-r^j, see hemorrhage. 

baift bftft, n. a handle.— t?.^. to furnish with 
anandle. [a. haggish. I 

hag, hfig, n. a witch ; anuglyold woman.— | 

haggarC hag'^d, a. wasted by want or suf- 

hasgle, nag'l, v.i. to bargain closely ; chaffer. 

hul, hal. v.t. to call to ; salute.— n. a call.— 
irU. 01 salutation. [fall, as hail. I 

hail, hal, n. frozen drops of ram.— v.i. to| 

haflatone, hflPstOn, n. a single ball of hail. 

kair. bar, n. filament growing from the skin 
of an animal ; the mass of hair ; any fine 
filament. [tance.— a. very narow.j 

kair-kreadth, har'bredth, n. a very small dis-| 

kair-eloth, har'lcldth. n. cloth made of hair. 

katr-af littiikg, har'split-ing, n. art or 
practice of making over-fine dis- 

hair-trigger, har'trig'er, n. trigger 
whicncauses the discharge of a 
fire-arm by a light touch. 

hairy, har'i, n. full of, covered with, 
or resembling, hair.— w. hairineis. 

haka, hak, n. sea-fish of the cod 
family. \ot battle-axe. I 

halberd, hai'b^rd, hal'-, n. a kind| Halberd 


haleyon, hal'si-pn, n. the kingfisher.— a. 
calm : happy ; serene. 

hale, hal, a. nealthy ; robust. 

hale, hal, hai, v.t. to haul ; drag. 

hall^ haf, n. one of two equal parts into 
which a whole is divided.—/?/, halves.— a. 
consisting of half ; being in part.— adw. 
in equal part ; in part. 

half-blood, hSfblud, n. one of kin through 
one parent only.— «. akin through one 
parent. [parentonly,—/«m. half-sister. 1 

half-brother, nafbru^A'^r, n. brother by one| 

half-mast, haf'mast, a. half-way up the mast. 

haU^NBimy, ha'pen-i, hftf'-, 71. a British copper 
coin worth naif a penny. 

half-tone, hSf'tOn, a. denoting a process of 
producing illustrations ^^y the aid of pho- 

halibut, nor i-but, n. a 
large marine flat- 

hall, hai, n. large 
room ; entrance- 
room; public 
building ; manor- 

halleliqah, hallelnia, alleluia, hal-e-l^'ya, itd. 
or n. praise to Jehovah. 

hallo, l4-ldb, h^lO% int. or n. a loud call ; 
shout.— «;.i. to shout ; raise an outcry.— 
v.t. to urge with shouts. 

hallow, hal'O, v.t. to make holy ; reverence. 

hallueination, h^l-lQ-si-na'shun, n. delusion 
of the mind or senses. [or moon. 1 

halo, hai'O, n. luminous circle round the sun] 

halt, h^t, v.t. to stop.— v.i. to stop ; limp ; 
hesitate. — a. lame.— n. a stop ; limping. 

halter, hait'^r, n. a rope to tie a horse, or 
hang criminals. 

halve, nav, v.t. to divide into halves. 

halves, havz, of hall 

halyard, hal'y^rd, n. rope for hoisting a 
ship's yard. [of a hog. I 

ham, nam, n. hind part of the knee ; thigh | 

hames, hamz, curved pieces fitted to a 
horse-collar, to which the traces are fast- 

hamlet, ham'let, n. cluster of cottages. 

hammer, ham'^r, n. a tool for beating, or 
driving nails, etc.— v.^ to beat or drive 
with a hammer.— t;.i. to strike repeated 

hammer-head, ham'^r-hed, n. a kind of shark. 

hammook, ham'pk, n. a hanging bed. 

hamper, ham'p^r, n. a lar^ oasket. 

hamper, ham^'pl^r, v.t. to impede. 

hamstrmg, ham'string, n. tendon of the ham 
or heel.— 1?.<. to lame by cutting the ham- 
string.— /?.<. and p.p. hamstrung. 

Use, rfile, poll, up ; oil, out ; thin, th^ ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

Digitized byVjOOQlC 




, hand, n. the extremity of the arm be- 
low the wrist ; anything which points ; a 
workman ; agency ; handwriting. — v.t. to 
give with the nana ; conduct by the hand. 

handbtnow, hand'bar-O, n. a barrow carried 
by men . [annooncement. I 

handbilL hand'bilj n. loose sheet with Bome| 

handbook, hand'buk, n. manual of reference. 

handbroidth, hand'bredth, n. the width of a 
hand. [v.t. to put handcuffs on. I 

handevfl^ hand'kuf, n. fetter for the wrist.— | 

handftil, hand'fnl, n. as much as fills the 
hand ; small quantity. 

handieap, hand'i-kap, n. race in which the 
better horses are weighted to bring all to 
an equality. 

handieappod, nand'^kapt, part, weighted for 
a handicap ; plabed at a disadvantage. 

handieraft, hana'i-kr^ft, n. manual craft or 
work. [skilled in handicraft! 

handicraftsman, hand'i-krgfts-m^n, n. one| 

handiwork, hand'i-wurk, n. work ; perform- 
ance, [for wiping the face, etc. I 

handkerchi^ hang'k^r-chif, n. cloth carried! 

handle, han^il, v.t. to touch or use with the 
hand; manage; treat.— n. the part by 
which anything is held; sometning to 
take hold of. [male servant.! 

handmaid, handmaidon, hand'mftd, -n, n. fe-| 

hand-organ, hand^dr^g^n, n. a barrel-organ 
worked by a crank. 

handsaw, hand's&, n. saw used with the hand. 

handsel, nand^sel, n. instalment of purchase: 
first use. [liberal.— at/t;. handsomely.] 

handsome, han'sum, a. comely ; becoming ;| 

handspike, hand'splk, n. wooden lever. 

handwriting, hand'rlt-ing, n. style of writing 
peculiar to a person ; autograph. 

handy, hand'i, a. dexterous; convenient. — 
adv. handily.— n. handiness. 

hang, hanjg, v.t. to suspend; decorate or 
cover with something suspended.— t?.i. to 
be suspended ; depend.—/?.^. andj9.^;. hnng. 

hang, hang, v.t. to put to death by suspen- 
sion.— p.i. and p.p. hanged. 

hanger, hang'^r, n. short, broad sword ; de- 
vice by which anything is hung. "■ — "" ' 

[walls. I 

hangings, hang'ingz, n.ju. drapery, etc., for| 
hangman, hang'm^n, n. an executioner. 
hank, hangk, n. two or more skeins tied to- 
hsAker, hang'k^r, v.i. to 

long for; crave. —«. 

hansom, han'- 

B9m,«.. acab 

with high 

rear seat for 

the driver. Hansom. 

hi9, hap, n. chance ; fortune. 

hap-hanrd, hap-haz'^, n. accident; chance. 

hapless, hap'les, a. unlucky ; unhappy. 

haply, nap'li, adv. perhaps. 

happen, hap'n, v.i. to come to pass ; occur by 

chance. [felicity.! 

happiness, hap'i-nes, n. state of enjoyment;] 
happy, hap'i, a. fortunate ; having or bring- 

mg pleasure. — adv. happily, 
harugne, ha-rang', n. an oration ; address.— 

v.i. to deliver a harangue.— u.^. to address 

by a harangue. 
harass, har'^, v.t. to vex ; torment ; weary. 
hartuDger, h^'bin-j^r, n. a forerunner, 
harbor, har'b^r, n. a refuge \ haven for ships. 

—v.t. to lodge; entertam.— t>.i. to take 

hard, h&rd, a. firm ; solid ; difficult 'painful ; 

severe; laborious. — adv. with difficulty; 

urgently ; laboriously ; near ; close. — n. 

harden^ harden, v.t. to make hard or callous. 

—v.t. to grow hard, 
hard-hearted, hgrd-hart'ed, a. unfeeling; 

cruel. — n. hard-heaxtedness. 
hardihood, h&rd'i-had, n. boldness ; audacity, 
hardly, hard'li, adv. with difficulty ; scarcely: 

harshly. [to bear, 

hardship, hard'ship, n. rigor ; anything hard| 
hardware, h&rd'war, n. ware made of iron, etc. 
hardy, hSrd'i, a~ strong ; brave ; robust ; 

audacious.— adv. hardily.— w. hardiiteis 
hare, bar, n. a 

timia animal 

with large ears. 
hardbell, har'bel, n. 

plant with blue, 


hare-brained, h$r'- 

brand, a. heed- 
less ; giddy, 
hare-lip, nar'lip, n. ' 

a lip deformed 

by being cloven 

like a hare's, 
harem, ha'rem, hft'r6m, n. part of an Oriental 

house allotted to females, 
hark, h&rk, int. or imp. listen ! 
harlegnin, hftr'le-kwin, or -kin, n. a buffoon, 
harlot, har'lpt, n. a lewd woman. [jure.l 

harm, harm, n. injury ; wrong.— »./. to in-| 
harmnl, hgrm'ful, a. nurtful. 
harmless, harm'les, a. innocent; not hurt- 
ful ; unharmed. — adv. harmlenly.— n. 

harmlessness. [mony.l 

harmonic, htlr-mon'ik, a. pertaining to har-| 
harmonious, h&r-mO'ni-us, a. having har- 
mony ; concordant ; agreeing. 

fice, ftir, add, &rm, ^sk, ail, vis^e ; severe, ebb, her, mfik^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox. Off, 

Digitized by LjOOQ iC 





kannonixe, -ise, h&r'niQ-nlz, v.i. to be in h&T- 
mouj.—v.t. to make harmonious ; in mu- 
sic, supply liamiony to. 

hannony, liar'mp-ni, n. agreement ; concord 
of musical sounds. 

harness, har^nes, fi. armor ; equipments of a 
horse.— t?.^ to put harness on. 

Ittrp, harp, n. strmged instrument of music. 
—v.i. to play on me harp ; dwell tediously 
on anything. [the harp. I 

harper, narpist, hftrp'^r, -ist, n. a j)layer on| 

harpoon, hSr-pdbn', n. a barhedf dart for 
striking whales, etc. 

harpy, hftr'pi, n. fabulous rapacious mons- 
ter; an extortioner. [of musket. I 

harqnehfos, b&r'kwe-bus, n. an ancient kind| 

harner, har'i-^r, «. dog for chasing hares ; 
the marsh hawk. 

harrow. har'O, n. frame with teeth for 
breaking and smoothing the soil. — v.t. to 
draw a narrow over ; to harass ; afflict. 

harrr, har'i, v.t. to ravage ; harass. 

harsh, harsh, a. rough ; bitter ; Beyere.— adv. 
harshly.— n. harshness. 

hart, hftrt, n. male of the red deer. 

hartshorn, h&rts'hOi*n, n. carbonate of am- 

hanunseanim, har'um-skar'nm, a. thought- 
less ; wild ; rash. 

harrest, har'vest, n. time of gathering crops 
or fruits ; crop gathered ; product of la- 
bor ; consequences.— ^.^ to gather, as a 

harvester, hftr'vest-^r, n. reaper in harvest. 

harvest-home, h&r'vest-hOm, n. feast upon the 
bringing-in of the harvest. 

harresC-moon, hSr'vest-mdbn, n. the full 
moon nearest the autumnal equinox. 

hash, hash, v.t. to chop small.— ra. dish of 
chopped meat. 

hasp, h^p, n. a clasp ; clasp admitting a 
staple.— 17.^. to fasten with a hasp. 

hassoek, has^pk, n. mat or cushion to kneel 
or sit on. 

hast, hast, 2dper8. sing. pres. ind. of have. 

haste, hflst, n. speed ; hurry ; rashness. 

haste, hftst, hasten, hasten, v.t. to hurry on ; 
ur^e forward. — v.i. to move with speed ; 
be in a hurry. 

hasty, hast'i, a. hurried ; quick : rash ; pas- 
sionate.— a(/{7. hastily.—;;, hastiness. 

hat, hat. n. a covering for the head. 

hateh, nach, v.t. to produce from eggs ; 
originate. — n. brood natched. [lines.] 

hateh, hach, v.t. to shade a picture by finc| 

hateh, hach, n. half-door ; opening in a 
ship's deck, or its cover. 

hatehet, hach'et. n. a small axe. [deck.! 

hatehway, hach'wa, n. opening in a ship's | 

hate, hat, v.t. to dislike intensely, and with 

ill-will.— n. extreme dislike ; enmity, 
hatefkil, hat'ful, a. exciting hate ; odious, 
hatred, hat'red, hate ; enmity, 
hatter, hat'^r,7i. one who makes or sells hats. 
hauberk, ha'b^rk, n. a coat of linked mail, 
haughty, ha'ti, a. proud ; arrogant.— adt?. 

haughtily.— fi. haiurhtiness. 
haul, Kai, v.t. to pull with force ; drag.— w. 

a pull : draught, as of fishes. 
haunch, hanch, n. the hip. 
haunt, hant, v.t. to frequent ; visit, as a 

ghost.— n. a place much resorted to. 
haunted, hant'ed, a. visited by ghosts. 
hautboy, ho'boi, n. wooden wmd-instrument 

with vibrating reed. 
have^ hav, v.t. to possess ; hold ; regard ; 

brmg forth.— ^./. and p.p. had. 
haven, na'vn, n. a harbor, 
haversaek, hav'^r-sak, n. bag for a soldier's 

havoe. hav'pk, n, devastation ; destruction. 
haw. ha, n. berry of the hawthorn, 
hawk, hak, n. name of sevcrnl 

birds of prey; a falcon. - 

v.i. to hunt birds witli 

hawk, hak, v.i. to expel 

phlegm from the 

hawk, hak, v.t. to carry , 

about for sale. 
hawker, hak'^r, n. one 

who carries goods 

for sale. 
hawse-hole, haz'hOl, n. 

hole in the bow of a 

ship for the passage of a cable, 
hawser, haz'er, n. a small cable. 
hawthorn, ha'th6m, n. dense thorny shrub 

used for hedges. 
hay, ha, n. cut and dried grafts. 
hay-coek, ha'kok, n. small pile of hay. 
haying, haMng, n. act or time of making hay. 
hay-mow, ha'mou, n. mass of hay under 

hay-rick, ha'rik, n. long pile of hay. 
hay-staek, ha'stak, n, large pile of I 

hasard, haz'^rd, n. chance ; risk ; danger ; a 

game of dice.— t;.^. to risk.— a. haiardous. 
haie, haz, a. misty vapor, 
haie. haz, v.i. to play rough pranks on. 
haiel, haz'l, w. a nut-bearing shrub.— o. light- 
brown, like the hazel-nut. 
haay, haz'i, a. obscured with haze ; dim.— 

n. haiiness. 
he, he, V. masculine pronoun of the 8d per- 
son ; the male before named. — a. male. 


' hay in a 

e ; tise, rfile, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, ihQ ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

Digitized b 

1 ; chip, az(zh)ui 

d by Google 





hed, n. upper part of the body, con- 

talniug the brain aad oi^ans of Bpecial 

sense ; intelligence ; chief ; front ; place 

of lionor ; point of a discourse, etc. ; 

source ; highest point ; cluster of leaves ; 

spilie of grain : knob, 
headf hed, v.t. to lead ; go in front of ; check. 

—v.i. to originate. 
headaehe, hed'ak, n. pain in tlie head, 
head-dresf, hed'drcs, n. dress for the head. 
heading, hedging, n. a caption ; title. 
headland, hed^laind, n. a cape or promontory, 
headless, hed'les, a. without a head, 
headlong, hed'ldng, a. having the head fore- 
most ; rash ; precipitous. — adv. with the 

head first ; rasnly ; steeply. 
head-quarters, hed'kwllr't^rz, quarters 

or residence of the chief commander, 
headsman, hedz'm^, n. an executioner who 

behead!s. [goes round the head. I 

headstall, hed'st&l, n. part of a bridle which | 
headstone, hed'stOn, n. stone at the head of 

a grave. [stinate.l 

headstrong, hed'strOng, a. self-willed; ob-| 
headway, ned'wft, n. motion forward, of a 

ship, etc. ; momentum, 
head-wind, hed'wind, n. wind in a direction 

opposite to the ship's course, 
heaay. hed'i, a. wilfiu ; intoxicating, 
heal. n61, v.t. to cure,— r.i. to become well. 
healih, helth, n. soundness of body or mind. 
healthnil, helth'f al, a. enjoying or indicating 

health : wholesome, 
healthy, nelth'i, a. in a state of health; 

sound ; wholesome.— n. healthiness, 
heap, hSp, n. a pile ; accumulation.— ^;.^. to 

pile ; 

, h6r, v.t. to perceive by the ear ; listen 

to.— v.i. to have the sense of hearing ; be 

told.— p./. and p.p. heard, 
hearing, hSr'ing, n. sense of perceiving 

sound ; reach of the ear ; audience, 
hearken. hUrk'n, v.t. to listen ; attend, [dead. I 
hearse, nfirs, n. carriage for conveying the| 
hearsay, hBr'sfi, «. report ; rumor, 
heart, hart, n. muscular organ that propels 

the blood ; inner or chief part ; affection ; 

feeling ; courage. [in the stomach, 

heart-bum, hftrt'bum, n. burning sensation 
heart-felt, hftrffelt, a. felt at heart, [side. 
hearth, hftrth, n. floor of a fireplace ; fire- 
heartless, hart'les, a. without feeling, or 

courage.— a</». heartlessly.— w. heamess- 

nees. pJiff; agonizing. I 

heart-rending, hart'rend-lng, a. deepl v afflict- 1 
heart's-ease, harts'Cz, n. peace of mmd ; the 

hearty, hftrfi, a. cordial ; sincere ; warm ; 

healthy.— adv. heartily.— n. heartiness. 

heat, het, n. that which causes warmth; 
warmth ; glow ; excitement ; one course in 
a race.— v.t. to make hot. — v.i. to become 
hot. [overgrown with heath. I 

heath, h5th, w. small evergreen shrub ; land| 

heathen, hS/A'n, n. a pagan.— a. pagan ; 

heathendom, hS/A'n-d^m, n. state of being 
a heathen ; heathen collectively ; pagan 
lands. [to, heathens.! 

heathenis h, hS^A'n-ish, a. like, or pertaining! 

heathenism, h6^A'n-izm, n. paganism. 

heather, heth'^r, n. heath.— a. heathery. 

heave. n6v, v.t. to lift ; throw ; utter, as a 
h.—v.i. to be raised ; rise and fall ; 

SI. — n. a lifting ; swelling.— p.<. and p.p. 
ved or hove. 

heaven, hev'n^ n. the sky; air; abode of 
blessed spirits : bliss. 

heavenly, hev'n-li, a. like, or of, heaven ; 

heavy, hev'i, n. having weight ; oppressive ; 
dull; sad; gloomy.— ad©, heavily.— ». 

hebdomadal, heb-dom'^-d^, a. weekly. 

Hebraie, he-brft'ik, a. pertaining to the He- 
brews or their language. 

Hebrew. hS'brft, n. a Jew; descendant of 
Jacob ; language of the Hebrews, —a. per- 
taining to the Hebrews. [dred oxen. I 

heeatomb, hek'^tom, n. sacriflce of a hun-j 

hectare, nek'tar, n. measure of 100 ares; 
11,960 sq. yds. (2.4n acres). 

heetie, hek'tik, a. constant, as a fever; 
affected with, or caused by, hectic fever .— 
n. a continuing fever. 

heetogram, hek'tp-gram, n. weight of 100 
grams : 8.5274 oz. av. 

heeto^ph, hek't^-graf, n. device for moltl- 
plying copies of manuscript. 

hectoliter, hek't9-l6-t^r, n, measure of 100 
1 iters ; 26.417 gals. [meters ; 328.09 ft. | 

hectometer, hek't9-mS-t9r, n. measure of lOOl 

hector, hek'tpr, n. a braggart ; swaggerer.— 
v.t. to bully.— v.i. to swagger. 

hedge, hej, n. a fence of growmg bushes.- 1. A i 
to inclose with a hedge ; surround ; guard. 

hedgehog, hej'- 
hog, n. small 
armed with 

heed, hed, v.t. to 
oDserve ; at- .: 
tend to. — n. at- 
tention ; cau- 

heedfU, hed'fol, a. 
adv. heedftilly.— n. 


attentive ; caatious.— 

ftce, air, add, Srm, ask, all, vis^e ; sgvCre, ebb, h6r, mak^r ; Ice, inn ; Od^r, ox, flff, 

d by Google 

Digitized b 



heeilegg. hed'les, a. inattentive ; careless. — 
adv. AeadlesBly.— n. heedlessness. 

luel, hSl, n. hind part of the foot ; foot ; hind 
part of anything. 

haelj hSl, v.i. to lean on one side. 

H^p^K Hejin, hej'i-r^ n. flight of Moham- 
med from Mecca, July 16, 622 a.d., from 
which is dated the Mohammedan era ; any 

helftr, hef '^r, n. a young cow. [surprise. I 

hogk-ho, hi'ho, int. denoting weariness or{ 

height, hit, n. elevation ; distance upwards ; 
anything elevated ; a hill ; extreme degree. 

hwghtim, hIt'n,t7.<.tomake higher; advance: 
increase. [atrocious. 

heiBous, ha'nus, a. very wicked: flagrant;] 

keir, ar, n. one who inherits another's prop- 
erty.— /<?m. heiress. 

bdr-Ieom, ar'ldbm, n. piece of property which 
descends from heir to heir. 

held, held, p.t. and p.p. of hold. 

helaeal, h6-ll'^k^l, a. with or near the sun. 

heUoeentrie, h6^1i-9-sent'rik, a. having the 
centre of the sun as its centre. 

heliegnph, h6'li-9-graf, n. instrument for 
signalling by the sun's rays, reflected from 
a mirror. [vated plant. I 

heHetrtpe, hS'li-^-trOp, n. a fragrant culti-| 

helietm, hC'li-^tlp, n. copy of an engravine 
or drawing printed from a plate prepared 
by photography. 

hdiz, he'lix, n. a spiral : coil ; spiral shell. 

helL hel, n. the abode of evil spirits ; a gam- 
bling-honse. — a. hellish. [in medicine, I 

heUdbore, hcPfi-bor, n. a genus of plants used | 

'y^lfni^ hel-en'ik, a. pertaining to the Hel- 
lenes or Greeks. 

hdm, helm, n. handle of a ship's mdder. 

hdm, helm, helmet, helm'et, n. 
armor for the head. 

hehnsmta, helmz'man, n. man 
who manages thenelm. 

helot, he^lot, n. a slave among 
the Spartans ; any slave. 

h^ help, v.t. to aid ; assist ; 
remedy ; prevent. — v.i. to give 
assistance ; avoid.— ». aid ; 
support; relief; avoidance. 

htlpnL heVal, a. giving help ; useful.— n. 
hufrabiets. [less. — n. helplessness. I 

hdpMJM, helpOes, a. without help ; power- 1 

hdpmtte, help'mftt, n. an assistant; com- 
panion ; wire. [fusion and hurry. I 

httter-iketter, hel'ter-skel't^r, adv. in con-| 

helve, helv, n. handle of an axe. 

hem, hem, n. edge of cloth folded down and 
sewed ; border.- ©.<. to make a hem on ; 
to border ; surround. 

heai, hem, v.i. to make a sound in the throat. 


hemisphere, hem'i-sf 6r, n. hialf a sphere ; half 
of the earth's surface.— ^6^;. hemispherieal 

hemistielu hcm^i-stik, n. half a verse. 

hemlook, nem'lok, n. a poisonous plant ; ever- 
green tree. 

h^orrhage, hem'9-r^j, 71. a bleeding ; flowing 
of blood. — a. hemorrhurle. 

hemp, hemp, n. plant with fibrous bark used 
for making ropes, etc. ; the prepared fibres, 
hen, n. the female of birds. [fowls, 
le, hen'bSn, n. a plant poisonous to| 
hens, adv. from this place, time, or 
cause. — int. begone 1 

henoeforth, hens'fOrth, heneeforward, hens- 
f or' ward, adv. from this time forth. 

henpeoked, hen'pekt, p.p. and a. domineered 
over, as by a wife. 

hepttie, he-pat'ik, a. pertaining to the liver. 

heptagon, hept'^-g9n, n. plane figure of seven 
angles. — a. heptaf'onil 

heptwehy, hepfftrk-i, n. government by 
seven rulers. 

her, h6r, pron. objective and possessive case 
of she. 

herald, her'^ld, n. an officer who makes 
proclamations ; one who blazons coats-of- 
arms f a forerunner. 

heraldry, her'^d-ri, n. science of blazoning 
coats-of-arms, etc.— a. heral'die. 

herb, h6rb, 6rb, n. plant of which the stalk 
perishes yearly.— a. herba'eeons. 

herbage, hferb'aj, n. herbs collectively ; grass. 

herbal, n6rb'g,I, n. treatise on plants ; collec- 
tion of dried plants. 

herbalist, hSrb'^l-ist, n. one who studies or 
collects plants. 

herbarium, nerb-ar'i-um, n. collection of dried 
plants.— ?;/. herbaria. [plants. I 

herbivorous, herb-iv'9-rus, a. feeding on| 

herculean, ner-kfl'le-g,n, a. of great strength 
or size : extremely arduous. 

herd, herd, n. a collection of beasts ; rabble. 
—v.i. to associate, as cat- 
tle.— ??.<. to tend, as cattle. 

herdie, h^r'dik, n. 
a two or four- 
wheeled, low- 
hung carriage 
with back en- 

herdsman, hSrdz'm^n, n. one 
who herds cattle. 

here, hSr, adv. in this place or state. 

hereabout, h6r'^bout, adv. about or near 
this place. 

hereafter, hCr-ftf't^r, adv. after this ; in fu- 
ture.— n. a future state. 

hereat, hSr-at', adv. at this. 

dbze ; Use, rflle, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, th^ ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chij^, az(zh)ure. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 




bnreby, h6r-bl', adv. by this. 

henditory, he-red'i-t^-ri, a. descending by 

heredity, he-red'i-ti, n. law or principle of 
the transmission of characteristics from 
progenitors to their descendants. 

htrein, hSr'in, adv. in this. 

hereof, hCr-ov'j adv. of this. 

heratv, her'e-si, n. error in doctrine. 

heretie, her'e-tik, n. one who holds false 
doctrines.— a. heret'ieaL 

hereto, hSr-tdb', adv. to this. 

heretofore, hSr-t^-fOr', adv. formerly. 

hereupon, hSr'up-on, adv. on this. 

herewith, h6r-wuA', -with', adv. with this. 

heritable, her'i-ti^-bl, a. that may be inher- 

heritage, her'i-t^j, n. that which is inherited. 

hermene, hermetieaL h^r-met'ik, -^1, a. chem- 
ical ; made tight by melting, as the clos- 
ure of a bottle. — adv. hermeueally. 

heimit, h6r'mit, n. one who lives in solitude. 

hermitace, her'mit-^j, n. abode of a hermit. 

heniia, ner'ni-§, n. a rupture. 

hero, hC'rO, n. a man of gi-eat bravery ; chief 
person of a narrative.— /?;. iMOtB.—fem. 
nennne (her'o-in). 

heroie, hg-rO'lk, a. becoming a hero; re- 
lating to a hero.— ac^v. heroiMlly. 

heroism, her'9-izm, n. distinguished bravery. 

heron, her'pn, n. large wading 

herring, her'ing, n. a marine' 
fooa-fish. [the. 

here, herz, pron. possessive oi 

herself, h^r-self, pron. em- 
phatic and reflexive form 
of her, in the nominative 
or objective case. 

hesitanoy, hez'i-t^n-si, n. 

hesitate, hez'i-tSt, v.i. to 
be undecided ; falter in 
action or speech. 

hesitation, hez-i-tS'shun, . -■•.. 
n. indecision; pause; cyl^- 

Hesper, Hesperus, hes'p^r, 
-us, ti. the evening-star. 

hesperian, hes-pS'ri-^n, a. pertaining to the 
evening-star ; western. 

heterodox, het'^r-p-doks, a. contrary to es- 
tablished doctrine ; heretical.—;*, hetero- 

heteroceneous, het-^r-p-je'ng-us, a. of another 
kind ; compound of disnimilar things. 

hew, ha, v.l. to cut, as with an axe ; fashion 
by chipping.— jw.^ hewed.— ;>.;>• hewed or 


hexagon, heks'^gpn, n. plane 
figure of six angles.— a. hex- 

hexahedron, heks'^-hed'r^n, n. 
a solid with six equal sides. 

hexameter, hoks-am'e-t^r, n. a 
verse of six measures or fevt. Uexagon. 

hey, ha, int. of joy or questioning. 

heyday, ha'dS, int. of joy or surprise.— n. 
vivacity ; flush. 

hiatus, hl-a'tus, n. a gap ; deficiency ; con- 
currence of two vowel sounds in separate 

hibttnate, hl'b^r-nSt, v.i. to winter ; pass the 
winter in sleep.- n. hibema'tion. 

Hibernian, hl-ber'ni-an, a. pertaining to Ire- 
land.— n. an Irishman. [or peculiarity.! 

Hibemieisnij hl-ber'ni-sizm, n. an Irish idiom] 

hiocough, hieoup, hik'up, n. a spasmodic con- 
traction of the diaphragm.— tj.i. to have a 

hiekor^. hik'9-ri, n. a nut-bearing tree. 

hid, hid, hidden, hid'n, p.p. of hide. 

hidalgo, hi-dal'gO, n. a Spanish nobleman. 

hidden, hid'n, a. concealed ; unknown. 

hide, hid, v.t. to cover ; conceal.— t?.i. to lie 
concealed.— p. ^ hid.— />.». hid, hidden. 

hide, hid, n. skm of a quadruped. [tight. I 

hidebound, hid'bound, a. having the skin tooj 

hideous, hid'e-us. a. horrible ; ghastly. — ofiv. 
hideously.- n. hideousness. 

hie, hi. v.i. to hasten. 

hieraren, hl'^r-ftrk, n. ruler in sacred matters. 

hierarchy, hl'?r-ark-i, n. government by 
priests : the priesthood or clergy.— a. hier- 

hierofflTph, hl'^r-p-^lif, hieroglyphic, hl-^r-p- 
glif'ik. n. Egyptian picture-writing ; any 
symbolic figure.— ^t. hieroglyphie, hiero- 
glyphical. [sacred mysteries. I 

hierophant, hl'^r-p-fant, n. an expounder of | 

higgle, hig'l, v.t. to be pertinacious in bar- 
gaining; chaffer. 

high, hi, a. lofty ; eminent ; chief ; arro- 
gant ; strong ; dcur.— adv. aloft ; emi- 

high-bom, hi'bdm, a. of noble lineage. 

hiffh-bred, hi'bred, a. of high breed or train- 

high-flown, hI'flOn, a. extravagant ; turbid. 

high-handed, hi'hand-ed, a. overbearing; 

highland, hl'l^nd, n. monntainons region. 

Eugblanaer. hl'l^nd-pr, n. inhabitant of the 
highland, esp. of Scotland. [proud. 1 

high-minded, hi'mlnd-ed, a. magnanimous ;i 

highly, hi'li, adv. in a great dejt^ree ; strongly. 

highness, hl'nes, n. state of being high ; title 
given to princes. 

ftce, air, add, firm, ask, &11, visage ; sgvCre, ebb, her, mSk^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox. Off, 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 




hi^-pressure, hl-preeh'ur, a. denoting an en- 
gine in whicli the steam is used witiiout a 

high-road, hI'rOd, n. a public road. 

hi^-syirned, hi'spir'it-ed, a. bold ; Bpiritctl ; 
miick-tempered, [the tide. 

hU^-wster, hl'wa't^r, w. ^eatest height of | 

higliirfty, hl'wfl, n. a public road. 

highwftynuuL hTVa-m^n, n. one who robs 
on the hignway. 

hfltfiona, hi-lar'n-us, a. ^ay ; mirthful. 

hilarity, hi-lar'i-ti, n. gaiety ; mirth, 

hill, hil, n. an elevation of land. 

hiUMk, hiFok, n. a small hill or moand. 

hflly, hil'i, a. full of hills. 

kilt, nilt, n, handle, esp. of a sword. 

hnn, him, pron. objective case of he. 

hiiDMlf; hlm-self' pron. emphatic and re- 
flexive form of mm, in the nominative or 
objective case. 

hind, hind, n. a farm-servant ; female of the 
stag.— rt. (in composition) in the rear. 
* , hlnd'^r, a. in or at the rear. 

^ hin'd^r, v.t. to impede ; prevent. 
hiadamiee, hin'd^r-^ns, hmdnkaee, hin'dr^ns, 

w. act of hindering ; impediment. 
hind-fonmost, hTnd'for'm9st, adv. with the 

rear part in advance. 
hindmoat, hind'mpst, hindermott, hlnd'^r- 

mpst, a. furthest to the rear. [dustan.l 
ffindn, Hindoo, hin'dfl, n. a native of Hin| 
hingt, hinj, n. joint on which a door turns, 

etc. — v.i. to turn ; depend. [ass. 

hinny. hin'i, n. offspring of a horse and 8he-| 
hial hint, v.t. to suggest indirectly.— ^\i. to 

allude covertly,— n. an indirect suggestion 

or allusion, 
hip, hip,n. the haunch ; joiningof the thigh 

to the trunk, 
hip, hip, n, fruit of the wild rose. 
hippadromo, hip'9-drOm, n. circus for eques- 
trian performances. 

nip-p-po ' 



mns,n. large 



hire, hlr, w. 

Price paid 
o r service 

or nae. — v.t. 

to engage for pay ; bribe. [cenary.l 

hirdiaff, hlr'ling, n. a hired servant ; mer-| 
hinvta, her-stlt% -8(A)t, a. hairy ; shaggy. 
hia, hiz, pi'on. possessive case of he. 
kiaa, his, v.i- to make a sound like the letter 

g : express contempt, etc.— ?'.^. to condemn 

by hissing.— n. a sound like the letter 8 ; 

expression of contempt, etc. 

_^ his'ing, n. the noise of a hiss ; ob- 
ject of contempt. 

hiirt, hist, st, int. demanding silonce ; hush I 

hiatology, his-tol'^-ji, u. science which 
treats of the tlHKuesof organisms. 

historian, his-tO'ri-^n, n. a writer of history. 

hiitorj, his'tp-ri, n. systematic account of 
events.— a. historic. nistor'ieU. 

histrionie, his-tri-on'ik, a. pertaining to 

hit, hit, v.t. to strike ; attain ; suit.- p.<, 
and p.p. hit— w. a blow ; chance ; happy 

hiteh, hich, t;.^ to hook ; jerk ; fasten.— «7.i. 
to move by ierks ; be caught.— n. a jerk : 
obstacle ; kind of noose. [the speaker.! 

hithor, hi^A'^r, adv. to this place.— a. nearest) 

hitherto, hi/A'^r-tdb, adv. to this place or 
time; as yet. [place. I 

hitherward, ni/A'?r-w?,rd, adv. toward this| 

hive, hiv, n. swarm of bees in a box ; box 
for bees.— ».<. and v.i. to collect into a 
hive, or together, 

ho, ho, int. calling attention. [hoariness.! 

hoar, hOr, hoary, nOr'i, a. gray ; white.— n.| 

hoard, hOrd, n. hidden store. — v.t. to store 
safely, [boards.! 

hoarding, hOrd'ing, n. inclosure or fence of | 

hearhoond, horehoond, hOr'hound, n. a bitter 
herb of the mint family. 

hoarse, hors, a. having a rough, indistinct 
voice; harsh. — adv. hoarsely.- n. hoarse- 
ness, [deceive for sport. I 

hoax. hoks. n. a deception for sport.— ».^ to| 

hoUue, hob'l, v.i. to walk lamely.— w. a limp- 
ing gait ; difficulty, [fully grown. I 

hebbM&hoy. hob'1-dg-hoi, n. a youth not| 

hobby, hob'i, n. a nag ; figure of a horse for 
a child to ride ; pet pursuit or idea. 

hobgoblin, hob'gob^in, n. a goblin ; ugly ap- 
parition, [used in a shoe. I 

hoDnail, hob'nSl, n. nail with thick head,] 

hobnob, hob'nob, v.i. to drink familiarly to- 
gether, [ankle-joint in animals.! 

hock, hok, n. back of the knee in man ; hind| 

hook, hok, n. a Khenish wine. 

hooker, hok'i, n. a game played with curved 
clubs and a block or ball. [trick. I 

hoons-poens, ho'kns^pO'kus, n. a juggler's! 

hod, hod, n. trough for carrying bricks and 

hodgepodge, hoi'poj, see hotehpot 

hoe, ho, n. tool for loosening the earth.— v.<. 
to till with a hoe.— r.i. to use a hoe. 

hog, hog, n. a swine. 

hog, hog, v.i. to break or bend in the middle. 

hoggish, hogish, a. like a hog ; brutish : 
groedy. [measure of ft8 gallons. 

hogshead, hogz'ed, -hed, n. a large cask ;| 

dbze ; Use, rflle, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, tM ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 




hogweed, hog'wCd, n. a plant of the Compos- 
ite family. 

hoitt hoist, v.t. to raise; lift.— n. act of 
raising ; machine for hoisting. 

hold, hold, v.t. to keep ; sustain ; restrain ; 
grasp; celebrate; consider.— v.i. to re- 
main fixed ; derive right.— p. t. and p.p. 
]uM.—n. seizure ; grasp ; support. 

hold, hold, n. a prison ; fortress ; costody : 
interior of a ship: [holds. 

holdtr, hold'^r, n. one who, or that which, | 

hok, hOl, n. a hollow place ; opening ; per- 
foration; cavity. (amusement. I 
' hol&lAT, hol'i-dft, n. festival day ; day of [ 

hollud, hol'and. n. a kind of linen. 

holludf, hol'anaz, n. a kind of gin. 

hollo. h9-10', int. calling attention.— n-. a loud 
call.— «.i. to shout. 

hollow, hol'O, a. not solid ; vacant ; concave ; 
insincere.— 71. hoUewnoM.— n. a cavity; 
depression.— «.<. to make hollow. 

holly, hol'i, n. an evergreen 
tree with prickly leaves. 

hollyhook, hoFi-hok, n. 
showy flower of the mal- 
low kind, [kind of oak. I 

holm, holm, n. an island ;| 

holooanit hoF^-kftst, n. a 
whole barnt-oflfering. 

holograph, hol'9-graf,n. doc- 
ument written entirely by Holly, 
the author's hand.— a. 
holograph, holognph'ie. [pistol. I 

helftor, hol'ster, n. horseman's case for a 

holt, holt, n. a wooded hUl. [holinets. 

holy, ho'li, a. morally pure; sacred. — n.\ 

holy-week, hO'li-wfik, n. the week before 
Easter. [worship.! 

homage, hom'g,j, n. act of fealty ; reverence ;1 

home, nom, n. one's house or country. — a. 
pertaining to home ; close.— arf?;. to one's 
home ; to the full depth. 

homelesi. hOm'les, a. without a home. 

homely, nOm'li, a. familiar ; plain ; mde.— 
n. * " 

homeopathy, hem«-, hO-mC-op'^rthi, n. system 
of treating disease by drugs which cause 
similar symptoms.- a. homeopath^e. 

homeiiek. hom'sik, a. sick or sad at being 
away from home. 

hemoBpim, hom'spun, a. spun or made at 
home ; plain ; coarse.— n. cloth made at 

homestead, hom'sted, n. family home. 

homeward, hOm'w^rd, a. and adv. toward 

homieide. hom'i-sTd, n. act of killing a hu- 
man being ; one who kills another. — a. 

homily, hom'i-li, n. a serious discoarse ; 

sermon. [broken, 

hominy, hom'i-ni, n. maize hulled and| 
homogeneous, ho-m^jfi'ng-us, a. of the same 

kind ; of similar elements.— n. homogou- 

oniness, homogene'ity. 
homologons, ho-moPo-gus, a. similar in plan 

but different in function. — n. hom'ologne, 

homonym, hom'9-nim, n. a word like another 

in sound, but different in meaning. — a. 

homon'ymoiu. [to sharpen on a hone.j 

hone, hon, n. a whetstone of fine grit. — v.t.\ 
honeitt, on'est, a. just in dealing ; sincere.— 

n. honesty. [bees from flowers.! 

honey, hun'i, n. sweet liquid collected byj 
honoT-oomb. hun'i-kom, n. mass of waxen 

cells made by bees to hold honey, 
honey-eombed, hun'i-kOmd, a. full of cavities. 

1 i ke a honey-comb. [sweet, 

honeyed, han'id, a. covered with nonev ;| 
honey-moon, hun'i-mdbn^ n. first month after 

marriage. [with tubular flowers. I 

honeysneue, hunM-snk-1, n. climbing shmbl 
honor, on'^r, n. esteem paid to worth ; re- 
spect ; nobleness of character ; integrity ; 

distinction.— in ))l. privileges of rank ; 

academic distinction ; four highest tramp 

honor, on'pr, v.t. to esteem highly ; exalt ; 

accept and pay, as a draft. 
honoraUe, on'^r-^bl. a. worthy of honor ; 

actuated by principles of honor ; confer- 
ring honoT.— adv. nononhly. 
honorary, on'pr-^ri, a. conferring honor; 

given as a mark of honor, 
hood, had, n. covering for the head, attached 

to a garment.—©.^, to cover with a hood, 
hoodwink, hud'wingk. v.t. to blind by cover- 
ing the eyes; deceive, 
hoof; hdbf , n. homy part of a beast's foot. 
hoolL h&k, n. anything bent or carved that 

takes hold.— a. hooked.— 1\^. and v.t. to 

catch or hold with a hook. [pipe. I 

hookah, hdbk'a, n. kind of Oriental tobacco- 1 
hoop, hnp, n. band of wood or metal for a 

cask, etc.— t;.^ to bind with a hoop, 
hoov, hdbp, see whoop, 
hoot, hdbt, v.i. to cry as an owl ; shout in 

derision. — v.t. to drive or assail with hoot- 

ing.— n. cry of an owl ; scomfal cry. 
hop, nop, v.i. to iump on one leg ; jamp.— n. 

a leap on one leg * short lamp, 
hop, hop, n. climbing plant with bitter 

flowers, used in brewing, etc. 
hope, hop, v.t. to desire and expect.— t?.i. to 

expect ^ood.— n. expectation of good; 

that which is hoped for, or occasions 


ace, air, add, arm, ask, all, vis^e ; 

sgvGre, ebb, h6r, mak^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, 6ff, 

by Google 

Digitized b 




ko|eftil, bop'lul, a. full of hope ; excit- 
ing hope ; promising. — adv. hopeftilly.— n. 

hopebss, hOp'les, a. without hope ; giving no 

ground for hope ; desperate.— {w/y. hope- 

UMij.—n. kopuessneBS. 
liepper, hop'er, n. box from which grain 

passes to the millstones. 
hoppk, hop'l, v.t. to tie the feet loosely.— n. 

fetter for animals, 
korde, hOrd, n. a wandering tribe. 
horehoimd, see hoarhoond. 
Imiion, hp-rl'zpn, n. apparent junction of 

earth and skjr ; range of vision. 
horiMntftl, hor-i-zon't^l, a. parallel to the 

horizon ; level. 
ktm, hOrn. n. hard pointed growth on an 

animal's nead ; any projection like a horn ; 

cusp of the moon, ; wind instrument. 
hombook, hCm'buk, n. small board with the 

alphabet, etc., covered with transparent 

horn. [anorn.l 

koxned, hdmd, a. having horns ; shaped like| 
hornet, hdrn'et, n. a large wasp, 
hornpipe, hfirn'pip, n. a lively tune or dance. 
homr, hOrn'i, a. made of, or like, horn. 
horology, hp-rol'p-ji, n. science treating of 

contrivances for measuring time, 
horoseope. hor'9-skOp, n. aspect of the planets 

at the hour of birth. \fn\.—adv. horribly. I 
horriUe. hor'i-bl, a. causmg horror ; fright- 1 
horrid, nor'id, a. dreadful ; shocking.— ado. 

horrifle, hor-if 'ik, a. causing horror. 
horror, hor'pr, n. a shuddering with fear ; 

dread ; sensation produced Iby anything 

frightful ; cause of horror. 
hone, hdrs, n. a solid-hoofed 

cavalry ; contrivance for carrving or sup- 
porting. — v.t. to place on, or mmish with, 
horseteek, hdrs'bak, n. back of a horse. 
' ^rs'fll,w. a flywhich attacks he 
, hOrs'lech, n. a large leech ; horse- 

horaeflr, hOrs'fll, n. a llywhich attacks horses. 

hone-leeek,* - ... . 

horsonuui, hdrs'm^, n. one who rides ahorse. 

hMrsenuDskip, hdrs'm^-ship, n, art of riding 
or training horses. 

kon^H^wer, hdrs^pon-cr, n. power of a horse ; 
power which can raise 33,000 pounds one 
root per minute, [pungent root ; its root. I 

kone-rftdisk, hdrs'rad'ish, n. plant with a| 

kot o e o koe, hdrs'shdb, n. iron shoe for a horse. 

ktnewkip, hdrs'whip, n. a whip to drive 
horses. — v.t. to lasn with a horsewhip. 

kortative, hfirt'ftrtiv, korUtory, hort'ft-tp-ri, o. 
giving encouragement or aavice. 

konieiilniio. h(^rtM-kult-yur, n. art of garden- 
ing. — a. Aortieiilt'nnJ. 

kortionltorist, hOrt-i-knlt'yur-ist, n. one 
skilled in gardening. 

koouma, hO-zan'^, n. or int. exclamation of 
praise or prayer. [fluids.~j9^. kose.l 

kose, hOz, n. flexible pii)e for convoying| 

kose, hOz, covering for the legs or feet : 
stockings. I'ngs, etc. 

kofier, hO'zh^r, n. one who deals in stock- 1 

kosiery, hO'zh^r-i, n. stockings, etc., in 

kospitable, hos'pi-t^bl, a. entertaining stran- 
gers or guests kmdly.— ady. kospituly. 

kospital, hos'pi-t^l, n. building for the recep- 
tion of the sick or infirm. 

kospitality, hos-pi-tal'i-ti, n. kind entertain- 
ment of strangers or guests. 

koet, host, n. one who entertains a guest.— 
fern, kosteos. 

kost, host, n. an ai'my ; multitude. [mass.] 

kost, host, n. the consecrated wafer in the) 

kostage, hos'taj, n. person given as a pledge 
for the fulfilment of conaitions. (verse.! 

koftileL hos'til, a. unfriendly ; warlike ; ad-| 

kostiliiy, hos-til'i-ti, n. state of being hostile, 
—in j)l. acts of warfare. 

kostler, os'l^r, or hos'l^r, n. inn-servant who 
has charge of horses. 

kot, hot, n. having heat ; veiy warm ; ardent : 
pungent ; fiery.— a</y. kotly. [glass. 

kot-bec^ hot'bed, w. garden-bed covered with | 

kotckpet, hoch'pot, n. confused mass of in- 
gredients, [tion of travellers.! 

koiel, hO-tel', n. house for the accommoda-| 

kot-keaded, hot'hed-ed, a. having warm pas- 
sions ; impetuous. [rearing plants. 

kot-kense, hot'hous, n. house kept warm for 

kengk, hok, see koek. [dons of the hock. 

kougk, hok, v.t. to lame by cutting the ten- 

koond, hound, n. a dog ; hunting-dog.— w.^. 
to hunt ; set on. 

konr, our, n. the 24th part of a day ; 
a time or occasion. 

konr-glass, our'glas, n. glass vessel 
to measure an hour by the run- 
ning of sand. 

konr-kand, our'hand, n. hand of a 
clock or watch that indicates the 

konrly, our'li, o. happening every 
hour ; frequent.— adtJ. every 

konse, hous, n. a dwelling-place ; building ; 
family ; trading firm ; branch of the 
legislature. [shelter. I 

kouse. houz, v.t. to protect by covering ;| 

konseDreaker, hous'brak-^r, n. one who 
breaks into a house to rob. 

konsekold, household, n. family living to- 
gether. — a. pertaining to a household. 

dbzc ; flse, rflle, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, ///S ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 




householder, hous'hold-^r, n. one who keeps 

hooMkoeper, hous'kSp-^r, n. female employed 
to take charj;e of household affairs. 

hOQMkeeping, hous'kSp-iii^, tt. occupation of 
a house ; management of domestic affairs. 

hooMless, hous'les, a. without a house or 

hoiuemiid, hons'mad, n. female servant. 

hoQM-irariiiinc, hous'w&rm-ing, n. entertain- 
ment given on occupying a new house. 

hoosewne, hous'wif, n. mistress of a family; 
domestic manager. [agement. 

hooMwiferj, hous'wif-ri, n. domestic man-| 

hensiiu:, houz'ing, n. shelter ; saddle-cloth. 

hovel, nov'el, n. a mean shed ; cottage. 

hover, huv'er, v.i. to float above in the air ; 
cover with wings ; wait in suspense ; 
move about near. 

how, hou, adv. in what manner ; for what 
reason ; to what extent. [however. | 

howbeit, hou-bS'it, canj. nevertheless ; yet ;{ 

howdah, hou'da, n. ornamented seat on the 
back of an elephant. [still. | 

however, hou-ev'^r, conJ. nevertheless ; yet ;| 

however, hou-ev'er, adv. in whatever man- 
ner ; for whatever reason ; to whatever 
degree. [for shells.] 

howiuer, hou'its-^r, n. short lignt cannon] 

howl, houl, V. prolonged cry of a wolf or 
dog ; cry of anguish or r&ge.—v.i. to utter 
a howl. [beasts, as a wilderness, j 

howling, houl'ing, a. infested with wild] 

howsoever, hou-sO-ev'^r, adv. in whatever 
way ; however. 

hoyden, hoiden, hoi'den, n. a rude or boister- 
ous girl ; romp.— a. hoy'denish. 

hub. hub, n. the nave of a wheel. [roar.j 

hnbDub, hub'bub, n. confused tumult: up-) 

hnokleberry, huk'1-ber-i, w. the berry of sev- 
eral American plants of the heatn family. 

hnekster, hnk'st^r, n. a retailer of small 
articles.— r.i. to deal in small articles or 
in a pettv way. 

huddle, huu'l, v.t. and v.i. to crowd together 
confusedly ; put together in haste or dis- 
order.— n. crowd ; confusion. 

hue. ha, n. color ; a shout ; outcry. 

huff, huf, n. sudden fit of anger. — v.t. and 
v.i. to bully ; bluster. 

hnlBsh, hufMsh, a. surly ; arrogant. 

hng, hug, v.t. to embrace closely ; keep close 
to.— w. an embrace ; grip. [— w . hngeness. I 

hose, hflj, a. enormous ; vast.— a(/r. hngely. | 

haDc. hulk, n. dismasted ship. 

hulking, hulk'ing, a. bulky ; clumsy. 

hull, hul, n. husk or outer covering ; body 
of a ship.— ?).^ to deprive of the null ' 
pierce the hull. 


hvm, hum, v.i. to make a droning sound.— 
v.t. to sing without articulating. — n. a 
buzzing or droning sound. 

hnman, hfl'm^i, a. pertaining to man or 

humane, htl-mftu', a. merciful ; kind. 

hunutnitariaB, htl-man-i-t&'ri-an, a. denoting 
the doctrine tliat all duties centre in love 
for mankind.— 71. one who holds this doc- 

humuity, hfl-man'i-ti, n. nature of a human 
bein^ ; mankind ; benevolence ; mercy. 

huminue, -ise, hfl'm^-Iz, v.t. to render hu- 
man ; civilize ; soften. 

human-kind, htl'm^-kTnd, n. the human 

humble, hum'bK a. low ; meek ; modest— 
v.t. to lower ; bringdown ; d^jrade. — adv. 

humble-bee, hum'bl-bS, n. a bumble-bee. 

humbug, hum'bug, n. an imposition ; cheat. 
—v.i. to deceive ; hoax. [monplacc. 

humdrum, hum'dmm, a. dull ; stupid ; corn-] 

humid, htl'mid, a. moist ; damp.— n. humid'- 


hfl-mil'i-ftt, v.t. 

tl'm^r, n. animal fluid; 

to humble ; mortify.— 

n. humilia'tion. 
humility, htl-mil'i-ti, n. 

lowliness ; modestjr. 
humming-bird, hum'in^- 

b6rd. n. one of a fam- 
ily OT small birds that 

make a humming 

noise with the 

hummoek, hum'ok, 

n. a hillock ; 

humor, hll'm^r, , 

state of mind; disposition; caprice: subtle 

kind of wit. — v.t. to comply with the 

humor of ; indulge, 
humorift, htl^m^r-isl, -11'-, n. one who has 

humor. [facetious. I 

humorous, hti'mpr-ns, -fl'-, a. full of humor ;| 
hump, hump, n. a lump or hunch, esp. upon 

the back, 
humpbaek, humplmk, a. a back with a hunch ; 

person with a humpback.— a. huBfbtdnd. 
huneh, hunch, n. a protuberance ; lump ; 

hunehbaek, hunch 'bak, n. a back with a 

hunch ; person with a hunchback. — a. 

hunehbaeked. [of ten tens.l 

hundred, hun'dred, a. ten times ten. — n. sum] 
hundredth, hun'dredth, a. next after the 

ninety-ninth.— w. one of a hundred equal 


ace, air, add, ftrm, ftsk, ail, visage ; sevCre, ebb, hSr, mak^r ; Ice, inn ; Od^r, ox, Aff, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 




kang, hang, p.t. and p.p. of hug. 

knoger, hung'g^r, n. craving ; desire for 
food ; starvation,— t;.i. to crave ; to crave 
food. I^^Sj eager; lean. I 

hungry, liung'gri, a. feeling hunger ; crav-| 

hunt^ hunt, v.t. to cliase, as game ; search 
for or in ; pursue.— 1;.«. to pursue game ; 
search. — n. chase of game ; search. 

hunter, hunt'^r, n. one who hunts; horse 
ridden in hunting. 

hontanuui, hunts'm^n, n. a hunter ; manager 
of hounds. 

hurdle, hur'dl, n. frame of interlaced twigs. 

hnrdle-rsee, hnr'dl-rSs, n. a race in which 
hurdles or barriers are placed to be leaped. 

hnrdygnrdy, hurd'i-gurd'i, n. a musical in- 
strument with strings vibrated by a res- 
ined wheel. 

hnrl, hurl, 27. /. to throw with violence. 

hurly-burly, hur'li-bur'li, n. tumult. 

hnnu, hu-ra', hu-ra% ittt. of joy or approval. 
—v.t. to utter a hurrah. 

harrioane, hur'i-k^n, n. a violent storm. 

hurry, hur'i, v.i. to haaten.—v.t. to urge to 
haste. — n. haste. 

hart, hurt, v.t. to give pain to ; injure.— 2?.<. 
said p.p. hurt— w. a wound ; injury. 

hvtftul hurt'ful, a. injurious. 

huAtno, huz'b^d, n. a married man ; pru- 
dent manager. — v.t. to economize. 

hubtnimaii, hnz'b^nd-m^u, n. a working 

hnsbandry, huz'band-ri, n. tillage ; economy. 

huh, hush, int. or imp. silence I be still I — 
v.i. to make silent or quiet. 

hnth-nMmey, hush'mun-i, n. a bribe to se- 

hoik, husk, n. covering of certain fruits and 
seeds.— 1>.<. to remove the husks from. 

huky, husk'i, a. of, or like, husks ; dry ; 
hoarse.— w. hnskiness. 

huear, hus-ftr', hoz-Sr', n. light cavalryman. 

huer, huz'i, n. a worthless female. 

histmgs, hus'tingz, n. place where the elec- 
tion of a member of Parliament is held. 

hutle, hus'l, v.t. to shake or push together ; 

hit, hut, n. a small mean house ; shed. 

* " ' , huch, n. a chest ; bin ; pen. 

, huz-SL', huz-&^ int. and n. hurrah. — 

r.i. to utter shouts of joy. 

hyMinth, hl'^sinth, n. bulbous-rooted flow- 
ering i>lant ; the gem jacinth. 

hyana, hi-€'n||[, see hvena. 

hyalme, hl'^lin, a. glassy. 

hybrid, hib'rid, hi'brid, a. mongrel.—//, a 
mongrel.— «. hybridiim, hybrid'i^. 

hydra, hl'dra^ n. fabulous many-headed ser- 
pent ; manifold evil. 

hydrangea, hT-dran'je-a, n. genus of plants 
with showy flowers. [water. I 

hydrant^ hl'drant, w. discharge-pipe forj 

hydranhc, hl-drSl'lk, a. relating to water in 
motion ; worked by water. 

hydranlios, hl-drfil'iks, ». science treating of 
fluids in motion. 

hydrogen, hi'drp-jen, n. a gas, one of the 
elements of water, and the lightest sub- 
stance known.— a. hydrog'enons. 

hydrography, hl-drog'ra-fi, w. art of 
describing and making charts 
of seas, rivers, etc. — a. hydro- 

hydromel, hl'drp-mel, n. liquor 
made of honey and water; mead. 

hydrometer, hl-drom'e-t^r, n. in- 
strument for measuring the spe- 
cific gravity of liquids. Hydrom- 

hydropathy, hl-dropVthi, n. treat- eter. 
ment of disease oy water. 

hydrophobia, hI-dr<?-ro'bi-^, n. disease pro- 
duced by the bite of a rabid animal. 

hydrostaties, hl- 
dr^-stat'iks, n. 
science treat- 
ing of fluids at 
rest.- /I. hydro- 

hyena, hl-6'na, n. 

fierce wild beast 

of the dog 

hygiene, hl'ji-fin, 

n. science treat- 


ing of the preservation of health. — a. hy-1 

hygrometer, hl-grom'g-ter, n. an instrument 
for measuring the moisture of the air. 

hymen, hi'men, n. the god of marriage : 
marriage. [riag^e ; nuptial. 

hymeneal, hI-men-6'^], a. pertaining to mur-| 

hymn, him, n. a song of praise, esp. to Qod. — 
?;.^ to praise in hymns. 

hymnal, him'ual, n. a collection of hymns. 

hyperbola, hl-per'b^-lft, n. a section of a cone 
formed by a plane cutting the base at a 
greater angle than does the side.— a. hy- 

hyperbole, hl-pSr'bp-lc, n. rhetorical exag- 
geration.— a. hyperb(j'ie, hyperbol'ieaL 

hyperborean, hl-p^r-bor'e-^n, a. pertaining to 
the extreme north. 

hypereritie, hl-p^r-krit'ik, n. one who is over- 
critical . — a. nypererit'ieal. 

hypercritieise, -iae, hl-p^r-krit'i-slz, v.t. to 
criticise with too much nicety.— «. hyper- 

hyphen, hl'fen, w. the mark (-) used to join 
tlie parts of a word. 

tise, rflle, piill, up ; oil, out ; 

thin, thQ ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 
Digitized by LjOOQIC 




hypnotism, hip'np-tizm, n. artificial sleep or 
trance ; act or process of inducing it. 

hypnotLie, -ise, nip'n^-tlz, v.t. to produce 
hypnotism m. 

hypochondria, hip-9-kon'dri-ft, n. the abdo- 
men ; morbid lowness of spirits. 

hypoohondriM, hip-<;>-kon'dri-ak, a. pertain- 
ing to the abdomen.— w. one affected with 
hypochondria.— o. hypoehondri'MaL 

hypoorisy, hip-ok'ri-si, n. simulation of virtue 
or piety ; dissimulation. 

hypoorite, hip'p-krit, n. one who practises 
hypocrisy.— a. hypoerit'ieal. 

hypodermie, hT-i)9-uer'mik, hip-, a. situated 
under the skin ; applied under the skin, 
as a remedy. 

hyi^Btasifl, hl-pos't^-sis, n. substance, as dis- 
tmguished from appearance.— o. hypos- 

hypotennse, hl-pot'e-nfls, «. long- 
est side of a right-angled tri- 
angle ; also spelled (errone- 
ously) hypothenoM. 

hypotheeate, hl-poth'g-kat, v.(. to 
pledge as security ; mortgage. 
— n . hypothoea'tion. 

hypothesis, hl-poth'e-sis, n. some* 
thing assumed as the foundation of an 
argument ; supposition.— a. hypothtt'ic, 

hyson, hi'son, ?i. a kind of green tea. 

hyssop, his'^pp, n. a plant of the mint family. 

hystena, his-tSr'i-ft, hysterics, his-ter'iks, n. 
morbid state marked by nervous excite- 
ment or convulsion. 

hysteric, hysterical, his-ter'ik, -^1, a. ^r- 
taining to, resembling, or affected with, 

I, i, I, ninth letter of the alphabet ; as a 

Roman numeral, one ; after the names of 

princes, the First, as Louis I. 
I, I, pron. of the first 

pierson singular, 

used by a speaker 

in mentioning him- 
iambus, i-amb'us, I-, 

n. a metrical foot 

of two syllables, 

the first short 

and the second 

long,— a. iamUo. 
ibex, I'beks, n. /. 

genus of goats -^ 

inhabiting the 


ibis, I'bis. n. genus 
of wading birds. 

ice, Is, n. frozen 
water ; con- 
creted sugar. — v.t. to 
cover with ice; freezt' ; 
incrust with sugar. 

iceberg, Is'bfirg, n. float- 
ing hill or huge matu ^ « 
of ice. ^-^-~WL 

ice-eieam, Is'krCm', ^- '•- 
n. cream flavored 
and frozen. Ibis. 

ice-hoQse, Is'hous, n. 
house for keeping ice. 

ichneomon. ik-nfl'mpn, n. an Eastern animal 
resembling the weasel ; a kind of insect 

ichn<»raphy, ik-nog'r^fi, n. ground-plan of a 

ichor, I'kor, n. a watery humor. 

ichthyologY, ik-thl-ol'o-ji, n. science which 
treats of fishes. 

icicle, T'si-kl, n. hanging mass of ice. 

idng, Is'ing, n. crust or ornaments of con- 
creted sugar. 

ioonoclast, I-kon'o-klast, n. a destroyer of 
idols or images, [—adv. wlj.—n. idness.! 

icy, I'si, a. abounding in, or like, ice ; cold.| 

idea, I-dfi'§, n. mental image ; notion ; 

idMU, T-de'al, a. ezistin;^ in idea ; mental ; 
imaginative.— n. highest conception.— 
adv, ideally. 

idealism, I-de'i^-izm, n. doctrine that we 
have immediate knowledge of ideas only. 

idealist, I-de'^l-ist, n. one who holds the doc- 
trine of idealism ; one who aspires to, or 
depicts, ideal conditions. 

ideahty, I-dS-al'i-ti, n. tendency and power 
to form ideals. [raise to an ideal. I 

idealise, -ise, T-de'al-lz, v.t. to form in idea ;| 

identical, I-den'ti-kflil, a. the very same. 

identify, I-den'ti-fl, v.t. to prove or ascertain 
to be the same ; tQ make one with. — n. 

identttr, I-den'ti-ti, n. sameness. 

ides. Idz, in ancient Bome, the 15th day 
or March, May, July, and October, and 
the 13th of the other months. 

idiom, id'i-om, n. mode of expression pecu- 
liar to a language.— a. idiomit'ie. 

idiosyncrasy, id-i-0-sin'kr^si, n. peculiarity 
of bodily or mental constitution. 

idiot, id'i-pt, n. an imbecile or foolish per- 
son.— a. idiot'ie. 

idiotcy, id'i-pt-si, n. imbecility ; folly. 

idle, rdl, a. unemployed 5 averse to labor ; 
trifling ; useless.— orft?. idly. — n. idleness.- 
v.t. to be idle.— p.^ to spend idly. — n. idler. 

ace, air, add, Srm, ftsk, all, visage ; sfiv6re, ebb, h6r, mftk^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, Off, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 




idtl, I'dpl, n. an image worshipped ; person 
or thing excessively loved. 

idalftter, I-dol'^t^r, n. a worshipper of idols ; 
ardent adnurer. 

ididatry, I-dol'^tri, n. worship of idols ; 
excessive love.— a. idolatrons. 

iddiM, -lie, I'd^l-Iz, v.t. to love to excess. 

iijU, idyl, I'dil, n. short picturesque nar- 
rative poem.— a. idyllic. 

H if, co/y. whether ; supposing that. 

iCBMias, ig'ng-us, a. pertaming to, or of, fire. 

ignis-fiktaiu, ig'nis-fat'yu-us, n. light some- 
times seen hovering over marshy places. 
—pi. ignM-fktni 

ifnifc^ ig-nlt% v.t. to kindle.— n. igni'tioiL 

igBobu, ig-nO'bl, a. of low birth ; base : 
mean. — a <2v. ignobly. [a. ignominious. 

ignominy, ig'no-min-i, n. public disgrace.—! 

ignonuniu, ig-no-rS'mus, n. an ignorant per- 
son ; blockhead. 

ignoranoo, ig'no-r^ns, n. want of knowledge. 

ignonnt, ig'no-rant, a. without knowledge. 
— oe^v. ignoraatly. 

ignon, ig-nOr', v.t. to 
refuse to notice ; 

igniDA, Ig-wft'nft, n. 
a kind of lizard. 

iltz. I'leks, n. genus 
of trees of the 
holly family. • 

HI, il, a. bad ; sick. 
—adv. wrongly ; 
badly. — n. evil ; 
misfortune ; wick 

Hl-lmd, il'breti, a. badly bred ; rude. 

ill«nl, il-16'gg.l, a. contrary to law.— adv. 
magthj.—n. illogal'ity. 

iU^filA, il-lej'i-bl, a. that cannot be read.— 
adv. illegiUy.— n. illegibility. 

iUegttimato, il-le-jiti-m^t, a. not bom in wed- 
lock ; not sound or genuine.— n. illegiti- 

iU-fiiTored, il-ffl'vprd, a. ill-looking ; ugly. 

illiberal, il-lib'er-al, a. not generous ; mean ; 
narrow-minded.— n. illiMrtl'ity. 

niiflit. il-lisit, a. unlawful. -a^/z;. illioitly. 

iUia^mbla, il-lim'it-a-bl, a. that cannot be 
limited ; unbounded.— «<it\ illixnitably. 

illtterate, il-lit'^r-9.t, a. unlearned ; ignorant. 

iU-natan, il-nSt'yur, n. moroseness ; peev- 
ishness.— a. ill-natured. 

, il'nes, n. sickness ; disease. 

ril, il-loj'i-k^l, a. contrary to the rules 
logic. [misfortune. I 

Ol-staircd, irstard, a. nnluckv ; destined to| 
Olvie, il-ltid', v.t. to mock : deceive. 
Oliimo, il-ltlm', illumine, ii-lQ'min, v.t. to 
brighten ; enlighten ; adorn. 

or logic 

illuminate, il-ltl'mi-nat, v.t. to light up ; 
enlighten ; adorn. 

illumination, il-ltl-mi-na'shun, n. act of giv- 
ing light ; brightness ; displav of lights ; 
adornmg of books with colored letters, etc. 

illusion, il-Tfl'zhun, n. deceptive appearance : 
false show ; error. [ceptive • unreal. 

illusive, il-ltl'siv, illusory, il-lfl-s^-ri, a. de-| 

illustrate, il-lus'trat, v.t. to make clear ; give 
lustre to ; explain bv pictures. 

illustration, il-lus-trfi'shun, n. act of giving 
lustre to, or making clear ; explanation • 
metaphor ; picture m a book. [trate. 

illustrauve, il-Ius'tr^tiv, a. tending to illus-| 

illustrious, il-lus'tri-us, a. highly distin- 

ill-wilL il-wil', n. enmity. 

image, im'aj,n. a likeness; statue: idol ; idea; 
figure.— t?.^. to form a mental likeness of. 

imagery, im'^j-ri, n. figures ; work of the 
imagination ; metaphors. [agined.l 

imaginable, im-aji-n^bl, a. that may be im-| 

imaginary, im-aj'i-n^-ri, a. fancied ; not real. 

imaj^tfon, im-aj-i-nS'shun, ji. act of imag- 
ining J faculty of imagining ; fancy. 

imaginative, im-aj'i-nijrtiv, a. given to imag- 
ination ; full of imagination. 

imagine, im-aj'in, v.t. to form an image of in 
the mind ; to conceive.— v.i. to form men- 
tal images ; conceive ; fancy. 

imbecile, im'bg-sil, a. feeble in body or 
mind.— n. an imbecile person.— n. imMoil'-' 
ity. [bed. I 

imbed, im-bed', v.t. to place or sink, as in a| 

imbibe, im-bib', v.t. drink in ; absorb. 

imbitter, im-bit'^r, v.t. to make bitter ; ren- 
der rancorous or unhappy. 

imbricate, im'bri-kst, imbricated, -ed, a. over- 
lapping, like tiles or scales.— n. imbrica^- 
tion. [compi ication . I 

imbroglio, im-brOl'yo, n. an embroilment ;| 

imbrue, im-brfi', v.t. to wet ; to drench. 

imbue, im-btl', v.t. to tinge deeply ; cause to 
imbibe. [—a. imitative. I 

imitate, imi-tat, v.t. to copy.— n. imitation. | 

imitator, im'i-tS-tpr, n. one who imitates. 

immaculate. im-mak'ya-I^t, a. spotless ; pure. 

immanent, im'a-nent, a. indwelling. 

immaterial, im-m^-t6'ri-^l, a. not consisting 
of matter ; unimportant. 

immature, im-m^i-tflr', a. unripe ; premature. 
—n. immaturity. 

immeasurable, im-mezh'yur-^bl, a. that can- 
not be measured.— a6^?7. immeasurably. 

immediate, im-m6'di-^t, a. without a medium; 
direct ; without delay.— adv. immediately. 
—^i. immediateness. 

immemorial, im-me-mO'ri-^1, a. beyond the 
reach of memory ; most ancient. 

dbze; tlse, rfile, pull, up; oil, out; thin, ihQ\ 

get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 
Digitized by LjOOQIC 




im-mena', a. vast ; enormoas. — 
adv. immenfely.— n. immtniity. 

immerge, im-merj', v.i. to plunge into. 

immwM, im-mers', v.t. to ptnnge into ; en- 
gage deeply, —n . immewiMi. (j^ratee. ' 

immigrant, im'i-gr^nt, ?i. one who immi-j 

immigrate, im'i-gr£lt, v.i. to remove into a 
country.— ^i. immigra'tion. 

imminent im'i-neut, a. threatening ; impend- 
ing j close at hand.— /I. imminenee. 

immoulitj, ira-mp-biri-ti, n. statu of being 
immovable, or not in motion. 

immoderate, im-mod'^r-at, a. excessive.— 
adv. immoderately. 

immodest,' im- mod' est, a. not modest; 
shameless.—/;, immodeity. 

immolate, im'O-lSt, v.t. to offer in sacrifice.— 
n. immoU'tion. [— n. immoral'ity.l 

immoral, im-mor'^, a. not moral ; wicked. | 

immortal, im-mdr'tal, a. not subject to 
death; imperishable. 

immortality, im-mor-tal'i-ti, n. exemption 
from death or oblivion. [immortal, j 

immortalise, -ise, im-mdr't^l-Iz, v.t. to makej 

immovaUe, im-mdbv'^bl, a. that cannot be 
moved.— arfv. immovaUy. [ile^e.j 

immunity, im-mtln'i-ti, n. exemption ; priv-| 

immnre. im-mtlr^ v.i. to wall in ; imprison. 

immutable, im • mQt' ^ - bl, a. that cannot 
change ; fixed.— «. immatabillty. 

imp, imp, n. a little devil ; evil spirit. 

impaet, im'pakt, n. a striking against ; com- 
munication of force. [lessen, j 

imfair, im-par', v.t. to make worse ; injure ;| 

impale, im-pill', v.t. to fix upon a stake.— n. 

impalpable, im-pal'p^bl, a. that cannot be 
felt ; extremely fine, as a powder. 

impanel, im-pan'el, v.t. to enroll, as a jury. 

impart, im-part', v.t. to give ; communicate. 

impartial, im-par'sh^l, a. without partiality ; 
just, [passed ; not permitting travel, 

impaisable, im-p^'^bl, a. that cannot be| 

impassible, ini-|)as'i-bl, a. incapable of feel- 
ing or emotion. 

impassioned, im-pash'und, a. moved by pas- 
sion or ft'eling ; animated. 

impassive, im-pas'iv, a. devoid of feeling or 
emotion,—/;, impassiveness. 

impatient, im-pft'snent, a. not patient; un- 
able to bear suffering or delay ; t-asily an- 
noyed ; irritable.— arf». impatiently.—/;. 

impeaeh, im-p6ch', v.t. to charge with crime ; 

cite before a court ; assail the validity of. 

—n. impeaehment [—n. impeeeabil'ity. I 

impeeeable, im-pek'a-bl, a. not liable to sin.| 
impeevnions, im-pg-kO'iii-us, a. without 

money ; poor.—/;, impoennios'ity. 

, im-p6d', v.t. to hinder ; obstruct. 

impediment^ im-ped'i-ment, n. hinderance ; 

impel, im-pel', v.t. to urge forward, 

impend, im-pend\ v.i. to hang over ; threat- 
en ; be near.— /I. impendenee. 

impenetrable, im-pen'g-tr^bl, a. that cannot 
be penetrated ; not to be impressed.— w. 

impenitent, im-pen'i-tent, a. not repenting ; 
hardened.— ri. impenitenoe. 

imperative, im-per'^tiv, a. commanding ; au- 
moritativc ; obligatory. [be perceived.! 

impereeptible, im-per-sep'ti-bl, a. that cannot! 

imperfeet, im-p6r'fekt, a. not perfect; de- 
fective, [being imperfect ; defect.! 

imperfeetion, im-p^r-fek'shun, n. quality of| 

impwial, im-pe'ri-^1, a. pertaining to an em- 
pire or an emperor ; supreme ; majestic. 

imperialism, im-p€'ri-^l-izm, n. principles of 
imperial government ; spirit of empire. 

imperil, im-per'il, v.t. to endanger. 

imperions, im-pC'ri-us, a. haughty ; com- 
manding ; tyrannical. 

imperishaUe, im-per'ish-^bl, a. not liable to 
perish ; indestructible. 

impermeaUeL im-per'm^-^bl, a. that cannot 
be passed through ; impenetrable. 

impersonal, im-per'spn-^l, a. not represent- 
ing a person ; not having personality ; in 
gram, verb without a pd^onal subject— 
n. impersonality. 

impersonate, im-pdr'spn-at v.t. to represent 
the person of ; personify. — n. impon«ia'- 

impertinent, im-per'ti-nent, a. not pertinent, 
or to the point ; flippant ; impudent. — n. 
importinenee. [not be disturbed. I 

impertorbaUe, im-p^r-turb'^bl, a. that can-j 

impervions, im-p^r'vi-us, a. that cannot be 
passed through ; impenetrable. — n. im- 

impetaons, im-pet'yu-us, a. vehement ; head- 
long ; passionate.— n. impetnoilty. 

impetu, im'pg-tus, n. force of motion ; mo- 
mentum ; vehement impulse. 

impinge, im-piuj^ v.i. to strike against. 

impious, im'pi-us, a. irreverent towards God ; 
profane. — fi. impiousneos, impi'ety. 

implaeable, im-pia'k^bl, a. not to be ap- 
peased ; unrelenting. [— /I. implanta'ties.' 

implant, im- plants v.t. to plant or fix into, 

implead, im-plSd', v.t. to sue at law. [ment. 

implement, im'plg-ment, n. a tool ; instm-j 

implicate, im'pli-kst, v.t. to. involve ; show 

implication, im'pli-kS'shnn, n. act of impli- 
cating ; entanglement ; act of implying ; 
something implied. — a. im'plieatiTe. 

ftce, air, add, Srm, §sk, &11, vis^e ; sfivgre, ebb, h6r, mak^r ; Ice, inn ; Od^r, ox, Off, 

d by Google 

Digitized b 




, im-plis^it, a. implied ; unreserved.— 
w*v. impbeitly.— n. implieitneas. [treat! 

implne, im-plOr', v.t. to ask earnestly ; en-| 

imply, Im-pll', v.t. to include ; contain in- 
ference ; signify. 

impoliey, im-pol'i-si, n. inexpedience. 

impolite, im-po-llt', a. uncivil ; rude.— ». im- 
pflitenesf. [dent. I 

imptlitie, ira-pol'i-tik, a. not politic or pru-| 

impmderaUe, im-pond'^r-^bl, a. having no 
sensible weight. [weight ; light, j 

imponderou, im - pond' ^r - us, a. without! 

imptrt^ im-pOrt', v.t. to bring from abroad ; 
to BigTiify ; be of importance to. 

im|ort, im'i)Ort, n. that which is imported ; 
signification ; consequence. 

impotent, im-p6r't^nt, a. of much conse- 
quence ; momentous.— n. imporUnot. 

importation, im-ppr-tfl'shun, n. act of im- 
porting ; commodities imported. 

importer, im-pOrt'^r, n. one who imports 

importuiMj, im-pdrt'yu-n^si, n. quality of 
being importunate. 

importuiate, im-p6rt'yu-n^t, a. over-pressing; 
urgent.— n. importa'nity. 

impoitime, im-p^r-tfln', v.t. to urge ; press or 
entreat urgently. 

impose, im-pOz', v.t. to place or lay on ; place 
over ; palm oH.—v.i. to deceive. 

impoeing, im-pOzMng, a. impressive. 

impontion, im-po-zish'un, n. act of laying on ; 
that which is laid on ; tax ; task ; de- 
ception, [be done.— w. impoMibil'ity. 

imposnUe, im-pos'i-bl, a. that cannot be, orj 

impost, im'pOst, n. duty on imports ; part oi 
a pier, etc., on which the weight of the 
superstructure rests. 

impoftor, im-pos'tpr, n. a deceiver. 

impostnn, im-post'yur, n. deception • fraud. 

impotent, im'pp-tent. a. weak ; unable ; use- 
less.— n. impotenee. 

impovnd, im-pound% v.t. to confine, as in a 
pound ; take possession of. 

imporerifh, im-pov'^r-isb, v.t. to make poor ; 
exhaust.— n. imporeriihrnent 

impraetiealile, im-prak'ti-ka-bl, a. that cannot 
be done ; unmanageable ; unreasonable. 
— n. impnetieabil'ity. 

impreeste, im'pre-kSt, v.t. to invoke, as evil, 
upon any one. 

impreeation, im-prg-kS'shUn, n. act of impre- 
cating; curse. 

impregnable, im-preg'n^-bl, a. that cannot be 
taken or captured ; invincible. 

imiregnate, im-preg'nat, v.t. to fecundate ; 
impart a portion of. 

impreeeriptiAle, im-pre-skrip'ti-bl, a. not de- 
pendent on custom or authority. 

impresi, im-pres', v.t. to mark by pressure ; 
stamp ; fix deeply in the mind ; force into 

impress, im'pres, n. mark of pressure ; stamp. 

impressible, im-pres'i-bl, a. that can be im- 

impression, im-presh'un, n. act of impressing ; 
anything impressed or printed ; edition ; 
effect upon the mind ; imperfect recollec- 
tion, [the mind. I 

impressive, im-pres'iv, a. tending to impreesi 

impressment, im-pres'ment, n. act of forcing 
men into service. 

imprimis, im-pri'mis, adv. m the first place. 

imprint, im-print', v.t. to make by pressure ; 
stamp ; impress. 

imprint^ im'print, n. anything imprinted ; 

fmblisher's name, date, and place of pub- 
ication on a title-page. [confine. I 

imprison, im-priz'n, v.t. to put in prison ;| 

imprisonment, im-priz'n-ment, n. act of im- 
prisoning ; state of being imprisoned. 

improbaUe, im-prob'^^U «• not likely.— n. 

improbity, im-prob'i-ti, n. dishonesty. 

imprompto. im-promp'ttl, a. without study ; 
off-hand.— n. an off-hand composition, 
repartee, or poem. f suitable. 

improper, im-prop'^r, a. not becoming ; un-| 

impropriety, im-pro-prl'^-ti, n. unbecoming- 
ness ; unsuitableness. 

impropriate, im-prO'priat, v.t. to appropriate 
to private use.- n. impropria'tion. 

improvable, im-prdbv'^-o^ «• that may be 

improve, im-prdbv', v.t. to make better ; use 
toadvantage.—f.i. to grow better ; rise, as 

improvement, im-prdbv'ment, n. act of im- 
proving ; progress to a better condition ; 
increase ; turning to good account. 

improvident, im-prov'i^ient, a. not provident 
or prudent.— n. improvidenoe. 

improvisation^ im-prov-i-zft'shun, -sfi', n. act 
of improvising ; off-hand composition. 

improvise, im-pro-viz', v.t. and v.i. to com- 
pose without preparation ; devise or do 
off-hand. [indiscreet. - 

imprudent, im-prfi'dent, a. 


not prudent ;| 

impudent, im'pyu-dent, a. wanting modesty 
insolent ; pert. — n. impudenee. [tion. 

impuffu, im-plln', v.t. to attack ; call in ques-| 

im|ul8e, im'puls, impulsioiL im-pul'shun, n. 
force communicated ; i^nstigation ; sud- 
den feeling. 

impulsive, im-pnls'iv, a. having the power of 
impelling ; apt to be actuated by impulse, 
ipunity, im-pfln'i-ti, n. . - 

punishment or injury. 

exemption from 

obze; tlse, rflle, pull, up; oil, out; thin, thB; get, jet; kin, sin; clu^, az(zh)ure. 

Digitized by LjOOQ iC 




impure, ini-ptlr% a. not pure ; unholy ; un- 
chaste.— n. impurity. 

im^ntatum, im-ptl-tS^shun, n. act of impat- 
mg ; charge ; censure. 

impute, im-pflt', v.t. to attribute ; charge. 

in, in. prp. within ; during ; by ; with.— adv. 

in-, in, prefix denoting negation or absence. 
Woros compounded with it, and not 
found below, may be explained by adding 
noty or want of. to the simple word. 

inaliilitj. in-^biPi-ti, a. want of ability. 

inMoesfibility, in-ak-ses-i-bil'i-ti, n. quality of 
l)eing inaccessible. 

inM««MiU«, in-ak-ses'i-bl, a. not to be 

inMeurftto, in-ak'yti-r^t, a. not accurate ; 
not correct.— 71. inMevMj. 

inaetion, in-ak'shun, n. want of action ; idle- 

inaetive, in-akt'iv, a. not active ; inert. 

inad&ptable, in-ad-apt'^bl, a. that cannot be 
adapted ; unsuitable. [insufficient.! 

inadMuate. in-ad'g-kw^t, a. not adequate;! 

inadmiBsiUe, in-ad-mis'i-bl, a. that cannot be 
admitted. [heedless.— «. inadrertenee. I 

InadTartMit, in-ad-vSrt'ent, a. not attentive '| 

inadvisable, in-ad-vlz'^bl, a. not to be ad- 
vised ; injudicious. 

inalienable, in-ftl'yen-^bl, a. that cannot be 
lost or transferred. [w. inanity. I 

inane, in-ftn', a. empty ; void ; senseless.— | 

inanimate, in-anM-m^t, a. void of animation * 
dead. [want of food. 

inanition, in-a-nish'nn, n. exhaustion fromj 

inapplieable, inap'li-k^bl, a. not applicable : 
irrelevant. [relevant. 

inapposite, in-ap'9-zit, a. not apposite ; ir-| 

inappreoiable, in-ap-prO^sh^bl, a. that can- 
not be estimated or valued. 

inappropriate, in-ap-prO'pri-^t, a. not appro- 
priate; unsuited. 

inapt, in-apt', a. not apt or M.—n. inaptitude. 

inartienlate, in-ar-tik'va-l^t, a. not articulate. 

inartistie. in-ftr-tist'ik, a. not according to 
the rules of art. [seeing that. I 

inasmneh at. in-92-much' ^, adv. since ;| 

inattentive, in-at-tent'iv, a. not attentive; 

inaudible, in-aud'i-bl, «. that cannot be heard. 

inangnral, in-ft'gyu-r^l, a. pertaining to an 

inauffnrate, in-ft'gyo-rftt, v.t. to induct into an 
omce : cause to begin.— w. inangnration. 

inboard, in'bOrd, a. and adv. in, or toward 
the centre of, a ship. 

inborn, in'WJm, a. implanted by nature. 

inbred, in'bred, a. bred within. 

Inea, m'ka, n. an ancient Peruvian prince. 

that cannot 
a. glowing 

inealenlable. in-kal'kyu-l^-bL a. 
be calculated or estimated. 

in o an de ieent, in-Ican-des'ent, 
with heat.— fi. ineandeeeenee. 

ineantation, in-kan-tS'shun, n. a charm: 
spell ; magic rite, [fled.— n. ineapahil'i^. 

ineapable, in-kft'p^-bl, a. unable; di8quali-| 

ineapaeitate, in-k^-pas'i-tSt, v.i. to make 
incapable ; disqualify. 

ineapamty, in-k^pas'i-ti, n. lack of capacity. 

ineareenwe, in-k&r's^r-ftt. v.t. to imprison.— 
n. ineareera'tion. 

ineamate, in-kftr'n^t, a. cmlxKlied in flesh. 

ineamation, iu-kftr-nft'shun.n. act of embody- 
ing in flesh, or taking a human body. 

ineaae. in-k&s% v.t. to put in a case ; sarround 
with solid matter. 

ineantioiu, in-kau'shus, a. not cautioas ; im- 

incendiary, in-sen'di-^ri, n. one who mali- 
ciouslv bums a house, or foments strife.— 
a. tenuing to set on flre, or promote strife. 

ineendiariim. in-sen'di-^r-izm, n. the act of 
an incendiary. 

ineente, in'sens, n. perfume of burning aro- 
matics ; the aromatics themselves ; per- 
fume : fulsome praise. 

ineenee, in-sens', v.t. to inflame with anger. 

ineentive, in-sen'tiv, a. inciting; encouraging. 
—n. that which incites ; motive, [ee^hre.! 

inception, in-sep'shun, n. a beginning. — n. in-| 

inoemtnae. in-s^r'ti-tfld, n. uncertainty. 

ineetiant, in-ses'^nt, a. unceasing.— aofr. in- 

inch, inchj n. the twelfth part of a foot. 

inchoate, in'ko-^t, a. recently begnn ; in- 

ineidenee, in'si-dens, n. meeting of one body 
with another ; direction in wnich anything 
strikes another. 

inoident, in'si-dent, a. falling upon ; casual ; 
naturally belonging. — n. that which hap- 
pens ; occurrence. [dental.' 

incidental, in-si-d^nt'^l, a. occasional ; acci-j 

incinerate, insin'^r-at, v.t. to reduce to ashes. 
— n. ineinera'tion. [dpieney.' 

incipient, in-sip'i-ent, a. beginning.— n. in-, 

inciie, in-slz', v.t. to cut into ; engrave. 

incision, in-sizh'un, n. a cut ; gash. 

indiive, in-sTz'iv, -sis'-, a. cutting; pene- 
trating ; keen. 

incifor, in-sTz'<;>r, n. a fore-tooth. 

incitation, in-sl-tft'shun, incitement, in-slt'- 
ment, n. act of inciting ; anything that 

incite, in-sit', v.t. to rouse; encoarage; impel. 

indvility, in-si-vil'i-ti, n. lack or civility: 
rudeness. [— n. inetoneney.j 

inclement, in-klem'ent, a.nnmerciful ; severe., 

ace, air, add, firm, Qsk, ftll, vis^e ; sgvCre, ebb, h6r, mftk^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, 6ff, 

Digitized byVjOOQlC 





iinKntim, in-kli-nS'shun, n. a leaning ; ten- 
dency ; disposition. 

iBflliBt, in-klln', v.i. to bend ; lean ; be dis- 
posed. — v.t. to cause to bend or lean ; 

iaeloM, in-kloz^ v.t. to shnt in ^ sarronnd. 

iielMiin, in-klo'zhur, n. place inclosed. 

iadv^ in-kldd', v.t. to contain : comprehend. 

ineluRon, in-kld^zhun, n. act or including. 

inehutre, in-klftz'iv, -klfis'-, a. includin 
comprehending.— -Ofi^i;. inelnuTely. 

inotgnn*, in-kog'ni-tO, a. unknown ; in dis- 
guise.— adp. in disguise; umier an as- 
snmed name. 

iBMtheraiee, in-kO-hSr'ens, n. want of coher- 
euce or connection.— a. inoohenni 

iDCohedon, in-k^-he'zhun, n. lack of cohe- 
i^lon. [not be burned or consumed. I 

iBMmknstibU, in-kpm-bust'i-bl, a. that can-| 

iiMMM, in'kum, n. revenue ; gain derived. 

iaoMuiitBSiiraUe, in-k^m-men'shir-^-bl, 
-syor-,^ ineommensnnu, in-k^m-men'shnr- 
^ -sy^r-, a. having no common measure ; 
imeqnal ; not proportioned. 

iiwiouMde, in-kQm-mOd^ v.t. to cause incon- 
venience to. 

inMBUBodions, in-kpm-mO'di-us, a. not com- 
modions ; inconvenient. 

iMomonmiealile, in-kpm-mtl'ni-k^bl, a. that 
cannot be communicated or imparted. 

iiMmrttfaUe, in-kom'p^r^bl, a. matchless. 
— n. mMm]«nUene88. 

inoMnittibla, in-kpm-pat'i-bl, a. not consist- 
ent ; contradictory.— «. inoompatibil'ity. 

iasompetoit, in-kom'pe-tent, a. wanting 
proper jwwers or qualifications.— n. inoom- 
letnM, ineompetener. 

iaamjM^y in-k<;>m-p^6t^ a. not complete ; 
imperfect.— 71. ineompleteaesf. 

ineanpnlianaible, in-kom-pre-hens'i-bl, a. that 
cannot be comprehenaed.— 71. ineomprehen- 

lAMiiiprwsiUe, in-kpm-pres'i-bl, a. that can- 
not be reduced in bulk by compression. 

iBMBMhrtlile, in-kpn-sOv'^bl, a. that cannot 
be conceived. [ive; indecisive.! 

iaeoMfauhre, in-kpn-klfiz'iv, a. not conclu6-| 

inflOBfamitj, in-kpn-fOrm'i-ti, n. want of con- 
formity, [unsuitable.- /i. incongrn'ity. I 

iBenfnwoi. in-kong'grfi-us, a. inconsistent;! 

n et M e y ni, in-kon'sg-kwent, a. not follow- 
ing from the premises ; not logical— w. 

WftWiiMwato, in-kon-sid'^r-^t, a. not con- 
siderate ; thoughtless. 

inewfisteBt, in-k^n-sist^ent, a. not consist- 
ent ; not suitable.— n. inoonsiftanee, ineon- 
nswMT. fforted.l 

iaenMUUe, in-kpn-sOl'^bl, a. not to be com-| 

inconspionoiis, in-kpn-spik'yu-us, a. not con- 
spicuous, [nckle.— 71. inoonstanej. I 

inooiisUnt> in-kon'st^nt, a. subject to change ; | 

incontestable, in-kpn-test'^-bl, a. that cannot 
be disputed.— adv. incontestably. 

iiioontinent> in-kon'ti-nent, a. without due 
control or restraint. 

ineontineiitly, in-kon'ti-nent-li, adv. without 
restraint ; without delav. 

ineontrollable, in-kon-trOKi^-blf a. that can- 
not be controlled. 

inoontrovertible, in-kon-trG-v6rt'i-bl, a. that 
cannot be refuted.— «rfy. inoontroyertibly. 

inoonvenienee, in-kpn-vCn'vens, n. want of 
convenience ; that which causes trouble or 

inoonyenient, in-kpn-vSn'yent, a. not con- 
venient ; causing trouble or difficulty. 

inconyertible, in-kpn-vert'i-bl, a. that cannot 
be converted or exchanged. 

ineorponte, in-k0r'p9-rftt, v.t. to form into a 
boay ; combine. — v.i. to unite in a body. 

ineorpontioii, in-kOr-p<?-ra'shun, n. act of in- 
corporating ; state of being incorporated. 

inoorporator, m-kOrp'p-ratpr. n. one who in- 
corporates ; original member of a corpora- 
tion, [body; immaterial.! 

inoorporealf in-k6r-pO'rg-^l, a. without a| 

inoomet, m-kpr-rekt', a. not correct; not 
accurate ; faulty.— incorreotnesi. 

ineorrigiUe, in-kor'i-ji-bl, a. not to be cor- 
rected, or reformed. — n. ineorrigibil'ity. 

incorraptible, in-kpr-rupt'i-bl, a. not corrupt- 
ible ; not to be bribed. 

ineorrnption, in-kpr-rup'shun, n. absence of, 
or exemption from, corruption. 

inoreaae, in-krCs', v.i. to grow in size ; ad- 
vance. — v.t. to make larger ; advance. 

inereasa, in'kr6s, n. growth ; enlargement ; 
advance ; addition ; produce. 

ineredible, in-kred'i-bl. a. hard or impossible 
to be believed.— w. meredibil'ity. 

inorednloas, in-kred'vu-lus, a. indisposed to 
believe ; skeptical. — w. inmredn'lity. 

ineremation, in-krg-mft'shun, ti. act of burn- 
ing, as a body. 

inerement. in'kre-ment, n. increase ; addi- 
tion ; that which augments, [with crime. I 

ineriminate, in-krim'iii-fit, v.t. to charge! 

inenut, in-krust', v.t. to cover with a crust 

inomatatioii, in-krus-tft^shun, n. act of in- 
crusting ; superficial layer. 

inoabate, m'kyu-bftt, v.i. to sit on, as eggs.— 
n. inenba'tion. [sive weight.— p^. inenbL I 

inoabns, in'kyu-bus, n. nightmare ; oppres-l 

ineiiloate, in-kul'kat, v.t. to enforce oy ad- 
monition.— n. iiieiilea'tion. 

inculpate, in-kul'pftt, v.t. to render liable to 
blame ; to censure. 

cft>ze ; flee, rfile, pfiU, up ; oil, out ; thin, thQ ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



incumbent, in-kum'bcnt, a. lyini^oii ; resting 
on, as a duty.~«. one who holds a benefice 
or office. [an office. I 

inenmbeney, in-kum'ben-si, a. the holding of | 

inenmbranee, in-kum'br^ns, see enenmbranee. 

inenr, in-kur', v.f. to become liable to. 

inennble, in-ktl'r^bl, a. that cannot l)e cured. 

inenrioos, in-ktl'ri-us, a. lacking cariosity ; 

inennion, in-kur'shnn, n. an inroad. 

inenrrftte, in-kur'vSt, v.t. to make curved. 

inenrr&te, in-kur'\>t, a. curved. 

indebted, in-det'cdj a. being in debt ; under 
obligation.— n. indebtedness. [modest. I 

indecent, in-dS'sent, a. unbccomhig; im-| 

indecision, in-dg-sizh'un, n. lack of decision. 

indeoisiye, in-dg-Hl'siv, a. not decisive ; in- 
conclusive, [impropriety. — a. indeeoroos.l 

indeeornm, in-de-kO'rum, n. lack of decorum ;| 

indeed^ in-dSd% adv. in fact : in truth. 

indefatigable, in-de-fat'i-g^-bl, a. that cannot 
be wearied ; persevering. [made void. I 

indefeasible, in-de-fSz'i-bl. a. that cannot be| 

indefensible, in-de-fens'i-bl, a. that cannot 
be defended or justified. [deflneil. I 

indefinable, in-dg-fln'^-bl, a. that cannot bej 

indefinite, in-def^i-nit, a. not definite or lim- 
ited ; not precise. — adv. indeflnitelj. 

indelible, in-del'i-bl, a. that cannot be effaced. 

indelicate, in-delM-kat, a. offensive to good 
manners ; immodest ; coarse. — n. indeli> 

indenmify, in-dem'ni-fT, v.t. to make good ; 
reimburse for loss or injury. — n. indemni- 

indemnitj, in-dem'ni-ti, n. security against 
loss or penalty ; compensation for damage. 

indemonswable, in-dg-mons'tr^bl, a. that 
cannot be demonstrated. [denture. I 

indent, indent' v.t. to notch ; bind by in-| 

indentation, in-den-tft'shun, n. act of notch- 
ing; notch. [ment; contract.! 

indenture, in-dent'yfir, n. written agree-| 

independent, in-dg-pend'ent, a. not depend- 
ent ; not subordinate ; self-reliant.— w. 
independence. [be described . I 

indesenbable, in-de'skrlb'^bl, a. that cannot | 

indestmctible, in-de-strukt'i-bl, a. that can- 
not be degtroyed. 

indeterminable. in-de-tSrm'in-^bl, a. that 
cannot be determined, [fined ; uncertain. I 

indeterminate, in-dg-terrn'm-^t, a. not de-| 

index, in'deks, a. anything that points out ; 
table of contents.—^/, indices, indexes. 

Indian, in'di-an, a. pertaining to India, or to 
the aborigines of North America. — n. a 
native of India ; an alioriginal American. 

indkate, in'di-kftt, v.t. to show ; point out ; 
give a sign of.—n . indica'tion.— a. indic'ative. 

indicator, in'di-katpr, n. device for indicat- 
ing, [esp. as a grand-jury. 

indict, in-dit', v.t. to charge with an offense, 

indictment, in-dlt'ment, n. act of indicting ; 
charge brought by a grand-jurj'. 

indifferent, in-dif'^r-ent, a. not making a dif- 
ference ; unimportant ; unconcerned ; of 
inferior quality.— n. indifference.— o^fv. in- 
differently, [try. I 

indifenoos, in-dij'e-nus, a. native to a coun-| 

indijcent, in'di-jent, a. needy ; poor.— n. in- 
digence, [digested j difficult of digestion, i 

indigestible, in-di-jest'i-bl, a. that cannot be| 

indigestion, in-di-jest'yun, n. defective, or 
painful, digestion. 

indignant, in-dig'n^nt, a. filled with anger 
or disdain. [ness or wrong. I 

indignation, in-dig-nft'shun, n. anger at base-j 

indignity, in-dig'ni-ti, a. undeserved con- 
tempt ; insult [deep blue. I 

indigo, in'di-gO. «. a blue v^etable dye;| 

induect, in-di-rekt% a. not direct ; evasive. 

indiscreet, in-dis-krSt', a. not discreet ; im- 

inoiscretion, in-dis-kresh'nn, n. impmdence. 

indiscriminate, in-dis-krim'i-n^t, a. without 
distinction : confused. (uecessarY. 

indispensable, in-dis-pens'^-bl, a. absolutely 

indispose, in-dis-pOz^ v.t. to render averse or 
unfit [well.— n. in^pod'tieiLl 

indisposed, in-dis-pOzd', a. disinclined ; un-| 

indisputable, in-dis'pyu-t^bl, a. that cannot 
be dispnt^ ; certain. 

indissoluble, m-dis'o-lyti-b], a. that cannot be 
loosed or broken ; binding forever. 

indistinct, in-dis-tingkt^ a. not distinct * not 
clear. [that cannot be distinguished., 

indistingwishame, in-dis-ting'gwish-^bl, a\ 

indite, Tn-dit', v.t. to dictate ; compose ; 

indiridiial, in-di-vid'yu-^, a. not divided; 
single ; pertaining to one.— ». a single per 
son or thin^.— adv. individnally. 

individuality, in-di-vid-yu-al'i-ti, n. separate 
existence ; oneness. [divided., 

indivisiUci^ in-di-viz'i-bl, a. that cannot be, 

indocile, in-dos'il, a. not easily taught or 
managed. [In doctrine. 

indoctrinate, in-dok'tri-nflt, v.t. to instmcti 

indolent, in'dp-lent, a. slothful ; disposed to 
ease ; sluggish.- w. indolence. [subdued.! 

indomitable, m-dom'i-t^bl, a. that cannot bej 

indoor, in'dOr, a. done, or being, in the honee. 

indoors, in'dOrz, adv. in or into a building. 

indorsation, in-dOrs-ft'shnn, n. act of indors- 

indorse, in-dOrs', v.t. to WTite on the back of, 
as a name, title, etc.; assign by indorse- 
ment ; sanction ; approve. 

ace, air, add, ftrm, ftsk, &11, vis^e ; severe, ebb, h6r, mftk^r ; Ice, inn ; 0d9r, ox, «f. 

Digitized by V3OOQ1C 




in-ddrs-6', n. one to whom a bill, 
etc., is indorsed. 

iiiionement> in-ddrs'ment, lu act of indors- 
ing; writing on the back of a bill, etc.; 

indmo', in-dOrs'^r, n. one who indorses. 

iadraft, in'dr^ft, n. act of drawing in ; inflow. 

inintoUMe, in-da^bi-t^-bl, a. that cannot be 

inioee, in-dtls', v.t. to prevail on ; cause. 

indnoefflent, in-dtls'ment, n. anything that in- 
duces ; persuasion. [install.! 

indvet, in-dukt', lo.t. to put into possession ;| 

iadnetion, in-duk'shun, w. introduction ; rea- 
Bonini^ from particulars to generals. — a. 

indiution, in-duk'shun, n. production of elec- 
trical phenomena by the vicinity of an 
electric current. 

indna, in-dfl', v.t, to invest ; supply. 

indulge, in-dulj', v.t. to yield to the wishes 
of ; gratify. 

ifi&ilgeiit, in-dulj'ent, a. yielding; com- 
pliant ; not severe.— w. indnlgenee. 

indinte, in'dyu-rat, v.t. to harden.— v.i. to 
grow hard . —n. indnra'tion. [dustry . I 

in&ftrial, in-dus'tri-^1, a. pertaining to in-| 

indutiioiis, in-dus'tri-us, a. diligent m labor. 

iftdistry, iu'dus-tri, n. diligence in labor : 
labor. [ingin. 

indweUing, inMwelMng, a. resident or abid-| 

indffiate, in-6'bri-St, v.t. to make drunk. 

ind^ste, in-6'bri-at, a. drunken.— n. a 
drunkard.— 71. inebria'tion, inebriety (-brl'-). 

'nfdible, in-ed'i-bl, a. that cannot be eaten ; 
not fit for food. 

JnttMile. in-ef ^-bl, a. unspeakable ; not to be 
described . —adv. inelT&Dly. L^ffaced . I 

inefteeaWe, in-ef-fSs'^bl, a. that cannot be| 

inefSMtive, in-ef-fektMv, a. not producing an 
effect. [cacy ; ineffective. I 

in-ef-fi-kft'shus, a. without efli-1 

y, in-ef 'fl-k^si, w. lack of efficacy. 
lit, in-ef-fish'ent, a. not efficient.— n. 

inrftfftj^^^ in-e last'ik, a. not elastic. 

ineleguit, in-el'g-gant, a. devoid of elegance ; 

ineligiMe, in-el'i-ji-bl, a. not eligible; in- 
capable of being chosen or elected : not 
suitable. [ineptiiade. I 

in^ in-ept', a. not suitable; foolish.— n.| 

inefoality, in-e-kwol'i-ti, a. lack of equality ; 
lack of evenness. 

inefoitaUe, in-ek'wi-t^bl, a. not equitable ; 
unfair. — n. inequity. 

iaeradieable, in-e-rad'i-k^-bl, a. that cannot be 
roote<l out or extirpated. [/i. inertness. I 

inert, in-6rt', «. dull ; mactive ; powerless.- 1 

inertia, in-er'sha, n. property of matter by 
which it tends to remam in motion or at 
rest. [not important. I 

inessential, in-es-sen'sh§il, a. not essential ;| 

inestimable, in-es^ti-m^bl, a. not to be 
valued ; priceless. [avoided. I 

inevitable, in-ev'i-tgi-bl, a. that cannot be| 

inezaet in-egz-akt', a. not exact. 

inexorable, in-egz'9-rg.-bl, -eks'-, a. not to be 
moved oy entreaty ; unrelenting. 

inexpedient, in-eks-pS'di-ent, a. not expedi- 
ent ; injudicious.— n. inexpedienoe. 

inexcusable, in-eks-ktl/Z^-bl, a. that cannot 
be excused ; unpardonable. 

inexhaustible, in-egz-Sst'i-bl, a. that cannot 
be exhausted. 

inexpensive, in-eks-pcns'iv, a. not costly. 

inexperience, in-eks-pSr'i-ens, «. lack of ex- 
perience.— a. inexperienced. 

inexpert, in-eks-pert', a. not expert ; un- 
skilled, [atoned for.j 

inexpiable, in-eks'pi-a-bl, a. that cannot be| 

inexplicable, in-eks'pli-k^-bl, a. that cannot 
be explamed. 

inexplicit in-eks-plis'it, a. not explicit. 

inexpressible, in-eks-pres'i-bl, a. that cannot 
be expressed. [pression. I 

inexpressive, in-eks-pres'iv, a. devoid of ex-| 

inexpngnable, in-eks-pug'n^bl, a. that can- 
not be taken by assault. 

inextricable, in-eks'tri-k^-bl, a. that cannot 
be extricated or disentangled, [certain.! 

infallible, in-fal'i-bl, a. incapable of error;] 

infamoos, in'f^mus, a. publicly disgraced ; 
notoriously vile ; detestable. 

infamy, in'f^-mi, n. public disgrace ; ex- 
treme vileness. [infant ; first beginning.! 

infaney^ in'f^n-si, n. state or time of being an| 

infant, in'fg.nt, n. a young child ; a minor.— 
71. pertaining to infancy ; tender. 

infanuoide, in-fant'i-sld, n. murder or mur- 
derer OT a child. 

infiuitile, in^f^nt-il, -II, infantine, in'f^nt-in, 
-In, a- pertaining to infancy or an infant. 

infimtry, m'f^nt-ri, n. foot-soldiers. 

infatuate, in-fat'yu-flt, v.t. to make foolish ; 
deprive of juflgment. 

infatuate, in-fat'yu-at, a. infatuated ; de- 
luded.— w,. infatna'tion. 

infect, in-fekt', v.t. to taint with disease ; 
corrupt ; render offensive. 

infection, in-fek'shun, n. act of infecting ; 
that which infects.— a. infections. 

infelicity, in-fg-lis'i-ti, n. unhappiness.— a. 

infer, in-f6r', v.t. and v.i. to deduce. 

inference, in'fer-ens, n. deduction ; conclu- 
sion.— a. inferen^tial. [ference.l 

inferential, in-f^r-en'sh^l, a. deduced by in-| 

tibzc ; tlse, rftle, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, thS ; 

get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 
Digitized by V3OOQ1C 




inferior, in-fS'ri-pr, a. lower in any respect ; 
less.— n. one who is lower in rank, age, or 
merit.— «, inferior^ity. [devilish. I 

infernal, in-fer'nal, a. pertaining to liell ;| 

infertile, in-f^rt'il, a. not fertile ; sterile.— w. 

infest infest', v.t. to molest ; overrun. 

infidel, in'ti-del, n. anbelieving ; not believing 
Christianity.— n. an unbeliever, esp. in 
Christianity. [fulness. I 

infidelity, in-fl-del'i-ti, n. unbelief ; unfaith-| 

infiltrate, in-fil'trat, v.t. to enter by pores.— 
n. infiltra'tion. 

infinite, in 'fin-it, a. boundless ; unlimited.— 
n. infinity.— a(/;\ in'finitely. 

infinitesimal, in-fln-i-tes'i-m^l, a. infinitely 
Hmall.— ». an infinitely small quantity. 

infinitive, in-fin'i-tiv, a. not limited ; denot- 
ing the mood of a verb which eirpresses its 
idea without person or number. 

infinitude, in-fin'i-ttld, n. infinity. 

infirm, in-f6rm', feeble ; sick, [for the sick. I 

infirmary, in-f6rm'arri, n. a hospital, or place] 

infirmity, in-f6rm'i-ti, n. weakness ; sick- 
ness ; defect. 

infix, in-flks', v.t. to force or fasten in. 

infiame, in-flSm', v.t. to set on fire ; excite ; 
produce inflammation of. 

inflammable, in-flam'^-bl, a. that may be in- 

flamed ; combustible.— n. infiammaUl'i^. 

infiammation, in-fl^m-ft'shun, n. act of setting 
on Are ; heat with pain and swelling. 

inflammatory, in-flam'^-tp-ri, a. inflaming: 
exciting. [up.— n,. inflation. I 

inflate, in-flat', v.t. to swell with air ; puflf | 

infleet, in-flekt', v.t. to bend ; modulate ; 
in gram, vary in terminations.— w. inflec- 
tion, [bent ; unyielding.— w. inflexiUl'ity. I 

inflexible, in-fleks'i-bl. a. that cannot be| 

inflict, in-flikt'j v.t. to lay on ; imfK>se. 

infliction, in-flik'shun, n. act of inflicting ; 

ow, in'flo, n. act of flowing in ; influx. 

influence, in'flu-ens, n. operating power; 
authority.- v^.t. to affect ; move ; direct. 

influential, in-flu-en'sh^l, a. having influence. 

inflnenxa. in-fln-en'z^, n. severe epidemic 

influx, in'fluks, n. a flowing in. [brace. I 

infold, in-fold', v.t. to involve ; enwrap ; em-| 

inform, in-f6rm', v.t. to tell ; impart Knowl- 
edge to. [lar.— n. informal'ity. ' 

informal, in-fOrm'^1, a. not formal ; irregu-i 

informant, in-fdrm'^nt, n. one who gives in-> 

information, in-for-mS'shun, n. act of in- 
forming ; knowledge ; accusation. 

infonnatory, in-ffinn'at-tp-ri, a, conveying in- 

ace, air, add, Srm, ftsk, all, visage : 8§v6re, ebb, her, mfik^r ; Ice, inn ; Od^r, ox, M, 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 

Informer, iivfOrm'^^r, n . one who informs ; an 

infruticn^ iu^fn^k'Hhini, w. hreach; violation, 
infrangible, in-rrjiujl-bl^ tt. that cannot Im; 

infrequont, lii-Jte'kwt'iit, «. not frequent; 

riuv. [infirmgemtnil 

infiin^e, liii-f rinj', t.L tn hr^ak ; violate. — «.| 
iuJ^rlLte, itj Itl^riat, v,t. \'f - nrage ; madden. 
inf-qrifct*, iJi-ffl'ri-^t^ «► finii/us. 
iiif^«, i[i-ffl/% tJ. to jjMHir into; inspire 

Willi ; htfiTi ill ti lic|ui«r ^vithout boiling, 
infbiion, iit-fd'jiehim, 7^ nt-t of infusing ; that 

wliirh ]h iiLriiM{iJ ; llr|iK>r made bv infufi- 

liiif. [orj^jiiiipms.- a. inniscrial 

bAuodJk, iTi'ffl-jsn''rl-!i, h^^il. minute animal i 
inscni&ns, iiij^n'yuia.rt. nut ii rally intelligent ; 

hkilfEil iij ciiiitrWhig ; iidroit ; clever, 
inganiuty^ ]u ji'-iiQ'i ti, n. power of con- 

triviiiL'; iiuslerltv; *kSU 
iogeDnoiu, in-ji/n'yn-iie^. u. honorable ; can- 

liil : iriiiuerf.— ff. ia^eauQMness. 
inelori^ni, tn-ElC'ri-iif^, a. not glorious ; not 

rtiKLiiiu'iiirtlii^fJ. [amould.l 

isfot, iii'^rift^ n. vni\r^ oi mt'tal poured intoj 
inir&ft, J h-iri^ri', r.f. Ui insert, as a graft in a 

insrun, iu irr&u\ i\f. irt dye before mana-|i 

fiif-tiiro : tf J 11^ dH'i^ly. — r^. ingrain. 
LQgF&in, iii^TrHfu n. a khvl T carpeting. 
JDgnunsdr liVirraiitJ. «. liufhJy infixed, 
ibt^ratfl, iTi'ijrFtt, n. un unu^ntteful jjeraon. 
ipgnUdt?, IrNjrnl'Hhi-af, eJ. to get into favor, 
ifil^ratitude, iTi-^mtl-ta*]^ n, nnthankfnlness. 
ill gradient, iTi-Ered'j-t^ntH n. a component part. 
ingriaa, ipi'ltti-e^. w. entrance. [groin. 

iDgninal, iM'tiwhi-aU u. pertaining to the 
JDguir, iiii^uff, r.f. to ewnllow up in a gulf 

inhabit, iii hjib'it^ vJ. tij <Uvell in ; occupy. 
Inh&biUblfi, in-lujIiM-t^bl, n. that maybe in- 

inh&bit&at, 1h-!iiLb't-ri^hlH, tt^ a resident. 
inialB, iu lijll% t.^ to hn'ttthe in ; draw into 

Hm/ 1 1 1 ILL^H, — it . inhila^tiDBL 
inbarmpaio'at, iiL-hflr-iiiA'nl-as, a. lacking in 

liniHumv' , dS*CM:jnlant. 
inhere, Su4Ji'r\ pj., trt rem da fixed In. 
iiherent, in-tiBr'tnit, «. i-xieting firmly in.— 

inherit, in M*r'it, r.f, to acquire as an heir. 
Inheht&nc?, iti-bi-r'i-tpiei^ ri.iictof inheriting; 

uii3ihitii,' Inhiritcfl ; hi^n^itary estate, 
inheritor, in -htr^Jtor, lu an heir. -/em. in- 

h^ritrii. riBhM'tiiB.| 

inhibit] Tn hith'U. vJ. toriiHtrain ; forbid.— w., 
inhospitifalfr, Irt hoK'pi-t^-lil, a. not bospita- 

\\W : ih vrtld r>f tuturnH. [n. inhamaB'ity. I 
inhumuL, in-ljfl'm^i,, a. barbarous ; cruel.— I 




iBlmmo, in-htlm', v.t. to bury. — n. inhuma'tion. 

inimieu, in-im'i-k^l^ a. unfriendly ; repug- 
nant, [imitated . —adv. inimitaoly. I 

mimiUble, in-im'i-t^bl, a. that cannot be| 

ini^iiity, in-ik'wi-ti, n. injustice ; wicked- 
ness.— w. iniqnitons. 

itial, in-ish'^l, a. beginning ; first.— a?. 
first letter of a word or name. 
itUte, in-ish'i-ftt, v.t. to begin ; instruct in 

initiation, in-ish-i-it'shun, ?i. instruction in 
principles ; admission into any society by 
instructions in its rules, etc. — a. ini'tiatiye, 
iai'tiatory. [as a liquid. 

i^jeet. in-jekt', v.t. to throw into ; force in,| 

i^MMtioiL in-jek'shun, n. act of injecting* 
liquid injected ; clyster. [imprudent. 

ugudieioiis, in-jfi-dish'us, a. not judicious ;| 

i^jnnetion, in-jungk'sbun, n. command ; 
precept ;^ writ of prohibition. 

iiraire, in'jur, v.t. to wrong ; damage ; hurt. 

iiynry, in'jur-i, n. wrong ; harm ; damage. 
—a. iiya'rioas. [wrong.! 

rdee, in-just'is, n. want of justice;] 
ingk, n. colored fluid used in writing 
and printing.— «;.<. to cover or daub with 
ink.— a. inky. 

inkling, ingk'lmg, n. a hint ; intimation. 

inkftaadj ingk'stand, n. vessel to hold ink. 

inland, in'land, a. far from the sea; do- 
mestic, [figures, etc.] 

inhy, in-lft', v.t. to ornament by inserted! 

inle^ in'let, n. passage in, esp. into a bay. 

inly, in'li, adv. inwardly ; secretly. 

inmate, in'mftt, n. a lodger ; dweller. 

inmott, in 'most, a. farthest in ; deepest. 

inn. in, n. house of entertainment lor trav- 

innata, in'n3t, -nSt\ a. inborn ; inherent. 

innavikaUe, in-nav'i-g^-bl, a. that cannot be 

inner, in'^r, a. farther inward ; internal. 

innermoit, in'^r-mOst, a. inmost. 

inning, inking, n. turn for using the bat in 
cricket, etc. 

innkeeper, in^k6p'^r, n. one who keeps an inn. 

innoeentw in'9-8ent, a. free from guilt ; pure ; 
harmless.— 72^. innoeence. 

i«u, in-nok'yu-us, a. not hurtful. 

innovate, m'o-vat, v.i. to introduce something 
new * make changes. — n. innovator. 

innovation, in-o-vft'snnn, n. act of innovat- 
ing ; novelty introduced. [less. I 

innoziona, in-nok'shus, a. not hurtful ; harn)-| 

mnnendo, in-ntl-en'do, n. a hint ; indirect in- 
timation ; slur. 

iannmeraUe, in-ntl'm^r-^-b1, a. countless. 

innutrition, in-nfl-trish'un, 71. want of nutri- 

inoenlate, in-ok'yu-lftt, v.t. to insert a bud in 
a stock ; affect with disease by inserting 
matter under the skin.— n. inoenla'tion. 

inodorous, in-O'dpr-us, a. without smell. 

inolTensive, in-of-fens'iv, a. not offensive; 
harmless.—;/. inolTenuvenese. 

inoperative, in-op'^r-^-tiv, a. without opera- 
tion or effect. 

inopportiine, in-op'pr-tfln, a. unseasonable. 

inoroinate, in-dr'din-^t, a. immoderate ; ex- 
cessive.— ac^v. inordinately, [extremities.! 

inosenlate, in-os'kyu-lftt, v.i. to unite by the| 

inquest, in'kwest, n. inquiry ; search ; judi- 
cial investigation. [easiness.! 

inqnietnde, in-kwl'g-ttld, n. restlessness ; un-| 

inqnire, in-kwir', v.t. to ask about ; seek by 
asking.— v.i, to ask a question ; make an 
investigation. [tion ; investigation.! 

inqnir^^ in-kwl'ri, n. act of inquiring ; ques-| 

inquisition, in-kwi-zish'un, n. judicial in- 
quiry ; tribunal for the trial of heretics. 

inquisitive, in-kwiz'i-tiv, a. given to inquiry • 
curious. [inquisition. 

inquisitor, in-kwiz'i-t<pr, n. officer of the| 

inquisitonal, in-kwiz-i-tO'ri-^1, a. pertaining 
to, or befitting, an inquisitor. 

inroad, in'rod, n. sudxlen invasion ; en- 
croachment. [— w. insan'ity. I 

insane, in-sftn', a. unsound in mind ; mad.| 

insatiable, in-sft'shi-^-bl, a. that cannot be 
satisfied. [greedy. I 

insatiate, in-sS'shi-^t, a. not satisfied :| 

inscribe, in-skrib', v.t. to write or engrave 
upon ; draw one figure in another. 

inscription, in-skrip's)iun, ?i. that which is 
written on something. [inexplicable.! 

inscrutable, in-skrfi't^-bl, a. unsearchable;! 

insect, in'sekt, n. small animal with six legs, 
and no internal skeleton. [insects.] 

insectivorous, in-sekt-iv'p-rus, a. feeding on| 

inseeure, in-s^-k(Ir', a. not secure ; unsafe. 
—n. insecurity, [sibility ; stupid ; mad. I 

insensate, in-sen's^t, a. wanting sense or sen- 1 

insensible, in-sen'si-bl, a. witliout feeling ; 
senseless ; imperceptible b^ the senses.- 
adv. insensibly.— n. insensibil'ity. 

inseparable, in-sep'^-rst-bl, a. that cannot be 
separated.— 71. inseparableness, inseparabil^- 
ity. [among.— n. insertion.! 

insm, in-sert', r.t. to introduce into or| 

inset, in'set. n. a leaf or leaves set in a book 
after sewing. 

inside, in'sid, n. the part or space within,— a. 
interior.— arft?. or prp. in the interior of. 

insidious, in-sid'i-us, a. treacherous ; ensnar- 
ing, [edge ; acuteness of observation. I 

insji^t, in'sit, n. sight within ; clear knowl-| 

insignia, in-sig'ni-a, badges of distinc- 

(A>ze ; Use, rflle, pull, up ; oil, out ; 

thin, thS ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 
Digitized by LjOOQIC 




ingigpiflwnt, in-gig-nif'i'k^nt, a. witboat 
mekniug ; unimportant ; contemptible.— 
n. inBignifleuioe. 

insinuate, in-sin'yu-at, v.t. to introduce art- 
fully ; hint ; work into favor.— w. insinna'- 
tion. [spirit. -w. ingipid'ity. I 

insipid, in-eip'id, a. tasteless; wanting! 

insist, in-sist', v.i. to dwell on ; be urgent ; 
I>res8 with determination. 

insistent, in-sist'ent, a. urgent. [entrap. I 

insnare, in-snar', v.t. to take in a snare ; to| 

insolate, in'sO-lSt, v.t. to expose to the sun's 
rays.— rt. insola'Uon. 

insolent, in's9-lent, a. arrogant ; insulting ; 
grossly disrespectful.— n. insolence. 

insolnble, in-sol'yn-bl, a. that cannot be dis- 
solved, or solved. [solved. I 

insolvable, in-solv'^-bl, a. that cannot be| 

insolvent, in-sol'vent, a. unable to pay debts : 
bankrui)t.— ». insolvency, [sleeplessness. 

insomnia, in-som'ni-a, n. state or habit of] 

insomuch, in-sp-rauch^ adv. to such a degree : 
so. [inspection. 

inspect, in-spekt', t;.^. to examine ; view. — n.\ 

inspector, in-spekt'pr, n. one who inspects ; 
official examiner. 

inspiration, in-spi-rft'shnn, n. act of breathing 
in or into ; supernatural influence. 

inspire, in-spir', v.t. to breathe in or into ; 
infuse by breathing ; aflEect by a superior 
influence.- «;.i. to draw in breath. 

inspirit, in-spir'it, v.t. to animate, [liquid.! 

inspissate, in-spis'at, v.t. to thicken, as a| 

instability, in-st^bil'i-ti, n. want of stability 
or firmness. [rank.— r?.. installa'tion. I 

install, in-stal', v.t. to invest with office or 

instalment, installment, in-stSl'ment, n . partial 
payment or production. ' 

instance, in'stans, n. solicitation ; occasion ; 
example.— iJ.^. to cite as an example. 

instant, in'stant, a. immediate ; urgent.— 
adv. instantly.— ra. moment of time. 

instantaneous, in-st^n-t&n'yus, -g-us, a. hap- 
pening in an mstant.— ac?«;. instantan- 
eoosly.— n. instantaneoosness. [stantly.l 

instanter, in-stant'^r, adv. immediately ; in-| 

instate, in-stat% v.t. to put in a state or place. 

instead, in-8ted^ adv. in place of. 

instep, in'step, n. upper part of the foot. 

instinte, in'sti-gat, v.t. to urge on ; incite.— 
n. insun'tion. [or slowly. I 

instil, insull, in-stil', v.t. to infuse by drops,! 

instinct, in'stingkt, n. action not prompted 
by thought ; unreasoning impulse. 

instmctive, in-stingkt'iv, a. prompted by in- 
stinct.— oc??). instinctively. 

insUtnte, in'sti-tflt. v.t. to originate ; estab- 
lish.— n. establisbed law ; a literary or edu- 
cational establishment. 

institntion, in-sti-tfl'shun, n. foundation ; es- 
tablishment ; established system ; society. 

instmct, in-strukt', v.t. to teach.— w. instmc- 
tion.— a. instnictive. 

instructor, in-strukt'^r, n. one who teaches. 

instrument, in'stru-meut, n. a tool ; contriv- 
ance for producing musical tones ; con- 
tract in writing. 

instrumental, in-stru-ment'^, a. acting as an 
instrument ; conducive ; produced by in- 
struments.- /I. instrumental'ity. 

insubordinate, In-sub-drMi-nat, a. not sub- 
missive ; disobedient.— n. insubordina'tion. 

insubstantial, in-sub-stan'sh^l, a. not sub- 
stantial, [endured, j 

insufferable, in-suf'^r-a-bl, a. that cannot bei 

insufficient, in-suf-fisli'ent, a. not snfticient. 
—n. insufficiency. 

insular, in'sH-l^r^ a. pertaining to an island ; 
detached.— 7i. insular'ity. 

insulate, in'sQ-iat, v.t. to place in a detached 
situation ; prevent communication with ; 
prevent electrical conduction in. — n. in- 

insulator, in'sfl-ia-tpr, n. contrivance for in- 
terrupting electrical communication. 

insult, m-sult', v.t. to treat with indignity ; 

insult, in'sult, n. an indignity ; affront. 

insuperable, in-sfl'p^r-a-bl, a. that cannot be 
overcome. [borne. I 

insupportable, in-sup-pGrt'^-bl, a. not to be| 

insurance, in-shfir'ans, n. contract by which 
one imrty secures another against loss. 

insure, in-shflr', v.t. to make sure ; to secure 
against loss. 

insurgent, in-sur'jent, a. rebellious. — n. one 
who rises against authority. 

insurmountable, in-sur-mount Vhl, a. that can- 
not be surmounted. 

insurrection, in - sur - rek' shun, n. a rising 
against established authority ; rebellion, 
—a. insurrectionary. [ble.l 

insusceptible, in-sus-sept'i-bl, a. not suscepti-j 

intact, m-takt', a. untouched ; uninjured. 

intaglio, in-tftl'yO, -tal'-, n. gem with a fig- 
ure hollowed out by enOTavinp. 

intake, in'tftk, n. that which is taken in ; 
inflow. [integral I 

integer, in'tg-j^r, n. a whole number.— a. | 

integrate, in'tg-grat, v.t. to make up as a 
whole ; make entire, [rightness ; purity.l 

integrity, in-teg'ri-ti, n. wholeness; up-| 

integument, in-teg'yu-ment, n. a natural cover- 
ing, [understand.! 

intellect, in'tel-ekt. n. j)ower to judge and; 

intellectual, in-tel-ekt'vu-^i, a. pertaining to, 
or ^ftea with, intellect. 

inteUigence, in-tel'i-jens, 71 


ftce, air, add, arm, ask, fill, visage ; sevfire, ebb, her, milker ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, (iff. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 




uUllinnt, in-tel'i-jent, a. having reason; 
marked by understanding, [understood. 

intelligible, in-tel'i-ji-bl, a. that may be| 

intempertneeL in-tem'p^r-^ns, n. excess ; 
habitual drunkenness. 

intempente, in-tem'p^r-^t, a. given to excess ; 
passionate ; addicted to drunkenness. 

intend, in-tend', v.i. to purpose, [manager. I 

intendmntt in-tend'ant, n. a superintendent ;| 

intended, in-tend'ea, a. purposed • betrothed. 

intense, in-tens', a. extreme.— n. inteneitT. 

intent, in-tent% a. bent on ; diligent ; close. 
— //. design ; purpose. [a. intention&L I 

intention, in-ten 'shun, «. design ; purpose. — [ 

inter, in-ter', r./. to bury.— n. intwment. 

intermetion, in-t^r-ak'shun, n. reciprocal ac- 
tion, [between. I 

interealnry, in-ter'ka-I^ri, a. inserted in or| 

intereaUte, in-t6r'k^lat, v.t. to insert be- 
tween, as a day in the calendar.— n. inter- 
enU'tion. [for another.— n . interees'iion. | 

intercede, in-t^r-s6d', v.i. to mediate ; plead | 

intereept, in-t^r-sept', v.t. to catch by the 
way ; interrupt communication with.— «. 
interoep'tioB. [pleader for another. I 

intereeisor, in-t^r-ses'pr, n. a mediator; 

interehange, in-t^r-chanj', v.t. to exchange ; 
succeed alternately. 

interehange, in't^r-cliftnj, n. mutual ex- 
change ; alternate succession. 

interehugeable, in-t^r-chanj'^-bl, a. that 
may be interchanged. 

intoreoiirse, in't^r-kOrs, n. connection by 
dealings ; communication. 

interdevendoiee, in-t^r-de-pend'ens, n. recip- 
rocal dependence. 

interdiet, in-t^r-dikt', v.i. to forbid. 

interdiet, in't^r-dikt, n. a prohibition ; pro- 
hibitory decree, [ding; prohibition.! 

interdiction, in-t^r-dik'shun, n. act of forbid-' 

interest, in't^r-est, v.t. to awaken concern in ; 
to concern. — n. concern ; share ; premium 
for the use of money. 

interested, in't^r-est-ea, a. having an interest 
or concern. 

interwtiii^, in't^r-est-ing, a. exciting interest. 

interfisre. in-t^r-ffir', v.i. to clash ; interpose ; 
meddle.- n. interference. 

interim, in't^r-im, n. the mean time. 

interior, in-tS'ri-pr, a. inner ; internal.— n. 
the inside ; inward part. 

intenaeent. in't^r-i&'sent, a. lying between. 

inttrieet, m-t^r-jekt', v.t. to throw in be- 
tween ; interpose. 

inteqeetimL in-t^r-jek'shun, n. a word or 
sound 01 exclamation. 

interiaee, in-t^r-lfis', v.t. to tie together ; 
unite ; intertwine. [intermix. 

interlard, in-t^r-lftrd', v.t. to insert between ;| 

interleave, in-t^r-lCv', v.t. to insert leaves in. 

as in a book. [tween the lines of . 

interline, in-t?r-lln', v.t. to write or print be-| 
interlinear, in-t^r-lin'e-^r, a. written between 

lines.—;*, interlinea'tion. [together. I 

interloek. in-t^r-lok', v.t. to lock or clasp | 
interloentor, in-t^r-lok'yu-tpr, n. speaker in a 

dialogue. [meddler. I 

interloper, in-t^r-lop'^r, n. an intruder;] 
interlude, in't^r-ltld, n. short performance 

between the acts of a play ; music played 

between the parts of a song. 
intermarry, in-t^r-mar'i, r.t. to take and give 

reciprocally in marriage.— w. intermarriage, 
intermeddle, in-t^r-med'l, v.i. to meddle ; m- 

terfere. [middle, or between. I 

intermediate, in-t^r-mS'di-^t, a. lying in the| 
interments in-ter'ment, 71. a burying. 
interminable, in-t6r'mi-na-bl, a. endless; 

boundless. [together, 

intermingle, in-t^r-ming'gl, v.t. to mingle | 
intermit, in-t^r-mit', v.i. to cease for a time. 

intenoittent, in-t^r-mit'ent, a. ceasing at in- 
tervals.- w. an intermittent fever. 

intermix, in-t^r-miks', v.t. to mix together. 
—n. intermixture. 

intermnral, in-t^r-mfl'ral, a. between or 
within walls. [mesticl 

internal, in-t6r'n^l, a. inward ; interior : do-| 

international, in-t^r-nash'un-^1, a. pertaining 
to the relations between nations. 

internecine, in-t^r-nS'sin, -sin, a. mutually 

interpolate, in-t6r'p9-lfttj v.t. to insert, as 
words, etc., in a writing, esp. unfairly.— 
n. interruption. 

interpose, m-t^r-pOz', v.i. to come between ; 
interfere. — v.i. to place between ; to offer, 
as service.— «. interposi'tion. 

interpret, in-ter'pret, v.t. to explain ; trans- 
late.— w. interpreta'tion. [translator.! 

interpreter, in-ter'prg-t^r, n. an explainer;! 

intenegnnm, in-t^r-reg'num, a. time between 
the cessation of one reign or government 
and the beginning of another. 

interrogate, in-ter'O-gSt, v.t. to question. 

interrogation, in-ter-O-g&'shun, f^ act of ques- 
tioning; question; mark (?) denoting a 
question.— a. interrog'ative. [tions.l 

interrogator, in-ter'O-gftt-pr, n. one who ques-l 

interrogatory, in-t^r-og'g^tp-ri, a. expressing 
a question.— n. a question. 

mtemipt, In-t^r-rupt', v.t. to stop by inter- 
fering ; divide.— w. interruption. 

intersect in-t^r-sekt', v.t. to divide ; cross.— 
v.i. to cross each other. 

intersection, in-t^r-sek'shun, n. act of cross- 
ing ; point where lines cross. 

dbze ; tlse, rftle, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, thS ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chl^, az(zh)ure. 

Digitized by LjOOQiC 




iatenperM, in - t^r - spars', v.t to scatter 
among.— 72. iawnpenion. 

intentiee, in-tSr'etiB^ n. small space between 
thinpjs closely set.— a. intersti'tial. 

mtertwine, in - t^r - twin', intertwist, in-t?r- 
twist', v.t. to twine or twist toj;ether. 

interral, in't^r-v^, n. space Ijetween things ; 
time between events ; distance between 
two musical notes. 

intervene, in-t^r-vCn', v.i. to come between ; 
interpose.— n. interren'tion. 

interview, in't^r-vfl, n. a meeting. 

interweave, in-t<?r-wSv', v.t. to weave into or 

intenate, in-tes'tat, a. dving withoat a will ; 
not conveyed by will. — n. one who dies 
leaving^ no will. [n. a bowel. 1 

intestine, in-tes'tin, a. internal ; domestic.—! 

intestinii, in-tes'tin-^1, a. pertaining to the 

inthral, inthndl, in-thr&l', v.t. to enslave; 
bring into bondage.— n. inthnlment in- 
thnLUmeni [pomt out.— n. intima'iion. I 

intimate, in'ti-mftt, v.t. to hint ; suggest : | 

intimate, in'ti-m^t, a. internal ; close ; famil- 
iar.— n. intimaey. 

intimate, in'ti-m^t. n. a familar associate. 

intimidate, in-tim'i-dftt, v.t. to inspire with 
fear ; make timid.— n. intimida'taon. 

inte. in'tA, m^. denoting passage inwards. 

intoieraUe. in-tol'^r-^-bl, a. that cannot be 

intelerant, in-tol'^r-ant, a. unable to endure ; 
illiberal ; bigoted.— yt. inteleranee. 

intenation, in-tp-na'shnn, n. act of intoning : 
modulation of the voice. [chant. 

intone, in-tOn', v.t. and?;.i. to utter in tones ;| 

intezieant in-toks'i-k^nt, n, something 
which intoxicates. 

intezieate, in-toksM-kftt, v.t. to make drunk. 

intozieation, in-toks-i-ka'shun, n. state of 
being drunk. [obstinate. | 

intraetable, in-trakt'^bl, a. unmanageable ;| 

intransitive, in-tran'zi-tiv, a. in gram, ex- 
pressing action confined to the agent. 

inureneh, Tn-trench', v.t. to fortify with a 
ditch.— ».i. to encroach. 

intrenehment, in-trench'ment, n. ditch and 
parapet for defense. [— n. intrepid'ity. I 

intrepia, in-trep'id, a. fearless; undaunted. | 

in^eate, in'tri-k^t, a. intangled ; perplexed ; 
obscure.— n. intrieaey. 

intrigue, in-trgg', n. scheme ; plot ; amour. 
— r.i. to carry on an intrigue, [inherent.] 

intrinsie, in-trin'sik, a. inward ; genuine ;| 

introdnee, in-trO-dds', v.t. to bring in or for- 
ward ; make acquainted. 

introdnetien, in-tro-duk'shun. n. act of intro- 
ducing ; preface.— a. introdnetory. 

introspeetion, in-tro-spck'shnn, n. a looking 
within.— a. introspeetive. [intrever'sies.] 

introvert in-tro-v.ert'. v.t. to turn inward,— n.| 

intrude, In-trfid', v.i. to thrust one's self in ; 
enter unwelcomely. — v.t. to force in unin- 
vited.— ;<. intrusion. —a. intnisive. [charge.! 

intrust, in-trust', v.t. to give in trust or| 

intuition, in-ttl-ish'un, n. immediate knowl 
edge without reasoning.- a. intu'itive.— 
adv. intu'itively. [twine or twist around. I 

intwine, in-twTn', intwist, in-twist', v.t. to, 

inundate, in-und'ftt, in'-, v.t. to overflow. 

inundation, in-un-dS'shun, n. an overflow ; 

inure, in-flr', v.t. to accustom ; harden.— r.i. 
to serve to the use or benefit of. 

inutilit][, in-tl-til'i-ti, n. uselessness. 

invade, in-vftd', v.t. to enter as an enemy : 
attack ; encroach, [void.— n. invalid'inr. 

invalid, in-val'id, a. not valid ; unsouna :| 

invalid, in'v^lSd, -lid, a. not strong ; infirm. 
— n. a sick or disabled person. 

invalidate, in-val'i-dftt, v.t. to render invalid 
or void ; weaken.— «. invalida'tien. 

invaluable, in-val'yu-g.-bl, a. that cannot be 
valued ; inestimable. 

invamUe, in-vft'ri-^-bl, a. without variation ; 
unalterable.— adt?. invariably. 

invasion, in-vft'zhun, n hostile entrance: 
attack ; encroachment. 

inveetive, in-vek'tiv. n. violent attack with 
words ; denunciation. 

inveigh, in-va', v.t. to attack with words; 
revile \ denounce. 

inveigle, m-v5'gl, v.t. to entice. 

invent, in-vent', v.t. to devise or contrive; 
feign.— ». inventer. 

invention, in-ven'shun, n. act of inventing ; 
anything invented ; deceit ; faculty of in- 

inventive, in-vent'iv, a. ready in contrivance. 

inventery, in'ven-t^-ri. n. a list of articles. 

inverse, fn-vers', a. m the opposite or contrarj' 

inversion, in-ver'shun, 71. state of being in- 
verted ; change of order or position. 

invert, in-vert', v.t. to turn upside down ; 
reverse ; change the order. 

invertebrate, in-ver't^-br^t, a. destitute of 
backbone.— n. an mvertebrate animal. 

invest, in-vest', v.t. to dress ; confer ; place 
in oftice ; lay siege to ; place, as money. 

investigate, in-ves'ti-gat, v.t. to trace up; 
search into.— w. investiga'tion. 

investiture, in-vest'i-ttir, n. act of putting in 

investment, in-vest'ment. n. act of investing ; 
siege ; conversion or money into other 

ace, air, add, arm, ask, ail, vis^e ; sgvCre, ebb, h6r, mak^r • Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, Off, 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 




mTetento, in-vet'^r-^t, a. old ; fixed by con- 
tinuance ; violent.— n. inyeterMy. 

invidiou, in-vid'i-iis, a. filled with envy ; 
likely to excite envy or ill-will. 

mvigortte, in-vig'9-rftt, ^.^ to strengthen.— //. 
invufora'tioiL [—u . invmeibil'ity. I 

invineule, in-vin'si-bl, a. not to be conquered. | 

inTiolftble, in-vl'o-l^-bl, a. that m^y not be 
profaned ; not to be broken. 

inviftUte, in-vl^o-l^t, a. not profaned ; unin- 
jured ; unbroken. [—n. invisibil'ity. I 

invisiUe, in-vizM-bl, a. that cannot be Been.| 

iBYite, in-vTt', v.t. to ask ; request the com- 
pany of ; tempt— w. invita'tion. 

inntiiic, in-vlt'ing, a. attractive ; tempting. 

iayoiee, in'vois, n. bill of goods sent, with 
prices annexed.— v. <. to make an invoice of. 

invokt, in-vOk', v.t. to call upon ; address in 
prayer.— n. inroM'tioB. 

invelimtar^r in-vorun-t^ri, a. not having the 
power of will ; not done intentionally. 

invelve, in-volv', v.t. to infold ; enwrap ; in- 
clude ; complicate.— n. involu'tioiL 

iBYiiln0r»U^ in-vuFn^r-^bl, a. that cannot 
Ije wounded. 

iBward, in'w^rd, a. internal ; placed within. 
— adv. towards the interior. 

inwardness, in'w^rd-nes, n. inner quality or 

inweave, in-w5v', r.t. to weave into, or to- 
gether.— /?.<. inwove. —p.??. inwove, inwoven. 

inwrought, in-rftt', a. wrought in or among 
other things ; figured. fa metal. 

iodide, I^Q-did, n. compound of iodine with! 

iodine, I'9-din, n. an elementary substance. 

iota, I-O'tft, n. a very small quantity ; jot. 

iyeeamianha, ip'e-kak'yfi-an'a, n. a Brazilian 
vine ; emetic prepared from its root. 

iTMeiUo, I-ras'i-bl, a. easily provoked. 

irate, I'rftt, a. angrj ; wrathful. 

ire, Tr, n. anger ; wrath. 

irenil, Tr'ful, a. angry ; wroth. 

iridoioent, ir-i-des'ent, a. rainbow-colored. 

iridiun, i-rid^-um, n. a rare and heavy metal. 

iris. I'ris, n. the rainbow ; colored circle of 
the eye ; flowering plant. 

Irish, rrish, a. pertaining to Ireland or its 
people.— w. the native language of the 
Ir'iBh.— people of Ireland. 

Irishman, Trish-m^n, n. a native of Ireland. 

irk, erk, v.t. to weary ; fret. 

imome, erk'sum, a. tedious ; tiresome. 

iron. Turn. I'nm, n. the most common and 
useful of the metals ; an instrument made 
of iron ; fetter.— a. made of iron ; hard 
like iron.— v.t. to smooth with an iron ; 
fetter with irons. 
iroB-elad, T'um-klad, a. plated with iron for 
defense. — n. a war- vessel so plated. 

irony, I'rp-ni, n. mode of speech intended to 
convey a meaning opposite to what is ex- 
pressed ; covert satire.- a. iron'ieaL 

irradiate^ ir-ra'di-flt, v.i. to emit rays.- ?'.^ to 
illuniinate. [absurd.— n. irrational'ity. j 

irrational, ir-rash^in-^1, a. void of reason;! 

irrecUimable, ir-rg-klam'^-bl, a. that cannot 
be reclaimed or reformed. 

irreooneilaUe, ir-rek-pn-sll'^bl, a. that can- 
not be reconciled ; Inconsistent 

irreooveraUe, Ir-rg-kuv'^r-^bl, a. that cannot 
be recovered. 

irredeemable, ir-r^-d6m'^bl, a. not to be re- 
deemed or paid oflf. 

irrefragable, ir-ref'r^-g^rbl, a. that cannot be 
refuted . ( not be ref utetl . j 

irreftitable, ir-ref'yu-t^-bl, -ftlt'-, a. that can-1 

irregnlar, lr-reg'yu-l|^r, a. not according to 
rule ; unsystematic ; variable.— ». irragn- 
lar'ity. [pertinent.— w. irrelevanoy. ; 

irrelevant, ir-rel'e-v^nt, a. not applicable orj 

irrdigion, ir-rg-lii'un, «. want of religion. 

irreligious, ir-re-lij'us, a. not religious ; un- 
godly, [be remedied.! 

irremediable, ir-re-m^d'i-^bl, a. that cannot | 

irrepmble. ir-rep'^r^-bl, a. that cannot be 
repaired. [be repressed. I 

irrepressible, ir-rfi-pres'i-bl, a. that cannot! 

irreproaohable, ir-rg-proch'^-bl, a. not liable 
to reproach ; blameless. 

irresistiDle, ir-re-zist'i-bl, a. that cannot be 
successfully resisted. 

irresolute, ir-rez'o-ltlt, a. not flim in purpose. 
— n. irresoln'tion. 

irrespeotive, ir-rg-spekfiv, a. without regard 
to. [siblc.l 

irresponsible, ir-rg-spon'si-bl, a. not respou-! 

irretrievable, ir-rg-trCv'^bl, a. not to be re- 
covered or repaired. 

irreverent, ir-rev'^r-ent, a. wanting in rever- 
ence or respect.— 7*. irreverenoe. 

irrevoeable, ir-rev'o-k^-bl, a. that cannot be 

irrigate, ir'ri-gat, v.i. to moisten ; water. 

irrigation, ir-ri-ga'shun, n. process of water- 
ing, esp. lands. [moist. I 

irrignoos, ir-rig'yu-us, a. well watered;! 

irritable, ir'ri-t^bl, a. easily provoked ; sus- 
ceptible of excitement. 

irritant, ir'ri-tg.nt, ;<. anything that irritates. 

irritate, ir'ri-tat, v.t. to provoke ; excite heat 
and redness in.— w. irrita'tion. 

irniption, ir-rup'shun, n. a bursting in ; sud- 
den invasion.- a. irniptive. 

is. iz, 3rf pers. sing, of be. 

isinglass, I'zin-gl^, n. a kind of crelatine. 

Islam, is'lftm, ti. the religion of Mohammed. 

island. IMand, isle, II, n. land surrounded 
with water. 

»ft)ze ; tlse, riile, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, thS ; get, jet ; kin, sin ;^hip, azj(zh)ure. 

Digitized by LjOOQ iC 




Isosceles tri- 

islander, iMand-er, n, inhabitant of an island. 

islet, I'let, n. a little isle. 

isobar^ is'o-bar, Is'-, n. line joining points at 
whicii the barometric pressure is tne same. 

isolate, is'o-lat, v.t, to place 
in a detached situation.— «. 

isoseeles, i-sos'el-Sz, a. having 
two equal sides, as a tri- 

isotherm, is'p-therm^ w. a line 
traversing countries of the 
game mean average tem- 

isothermal, is-p-therm'^tl, a. 
having, or denoting, equal temperature, 

Israelite, iz'rai-el-It, n. a descendant of Jacob ; 

issue, ish'ft, 'c.i. to flow or pass out ; pro- 
ceed.—!;.^, to send out ; put in circulation. 
—n, act of sending out ; that which passes 
out ; oflfspring ; circulation ; publication ; 

isthmus, ist'mus, n. neck of land connecting 
two larger tracts. 

it, it, pron. the thing referred to. 

Iralian, i-tal'v^n, a. pertaining to Italy.— n. 
a native or Italy ; language of Italy. 

italieiie, -ise, i-tal'i-slz, 'o.t. to print in italics. 

itidics, i-tal'iks, n.xtl- Idnd of types which 
sloj)€ to the Hqht^ as here shown. 

iteh, ich, w. an irritating cutaneous disease. 
—v.i. to have an irritating sensation in the 
skin ; to have a teasing desire. 

item, I't^m, adv. also.— w. a separate par- 

iterate, it'^r-ftt, v.t. to repeat.— «. itera'tion. 

itinerant, I-tin'^r-^nt, a. travelling.— n. one 
who travels. 

itinerary, I-tin'9r-g,-ri, a. travelling ; done on 
a journey.— w. a record or 
guide-book of travel. 

itself, it-self, nron. a compound 
of it and self ; the verjr thing. 

ivied, I'vid, a. covered with ivy. 

ivory, I'vp-ri, n. hard white sub- 
stance composing the tusks 
of the elephant. 

ivy, I'vi, n. an evergreen climb- 
ing plant. Ivy. 

J, j, j5, tenth letter of the alpliabet. 

jaober, iab'^r, v.t. and v.i. to utter or talk 
rapidly and indistinctly.— w. rapid indis- 
tinct speech. 

jacinth, jas'inth, n. precious stonp of a red 
color. See hyaeinth. 

Jack, jak, n. a nick- 
name of John, 
jaok, jak, n. name 

given to various 

instruments to 

supply the place 

of a helper ; small 

flag. . 
jael^ iak,t?.<. toliff 

with a jack. 
jaekaL jak'fil, n. a 

wild animal allied 

to the wolf, 
jackanapes, jak'^-nftps, n. a monkey; cox- 
' [blockhead. I 

n. male of the ass; 
n. heavy 
above , 

iaokass, jak'^s, -as, 
jackboots, jak'b(A)t8, 

boots reaching 

the knee, 
jadcdaw, jak'dfi, n. a spe- 
cies of crow, 
jaoket, jak'et, n. a 

short coat. 
Jaoobin, jak'o-bin, n. 

one of an order of 

monks ; one of a 

revolutionary club 

in Paris ; a violeht 

radical; dema- Jackdaw. 

gogue.— «. Jacobinical 
Jaoobite, jak'o-bit, n. one who adhered to the 

cause of the Stuarts after their dethrone- 
ment.— a. Jaoobite. [fatuus.l 
iaok-o' -lantern, jak'p-lan't^rn, n. an ignis- 
jade, jfld, v.t. to weary ; depress. — n. a tired 

or worthless horse ; a worthless w'oman. 
jade, jad, n. a precious green mineral, 
jag, jag, w. a 

notch ; sharp 

projection. — a. 

jagged (jag'ed). 
jagoar, jag-wftr', 

n. American 

beast of prey of 

the cat kind, 
jail, jftl, n. a Jaguar. 

jailer, ^fll'^r, n. warden or turnkey of a ^ail. 
jalap, jal'^p, n. root of a climbing Mexican 

plant ; a purgative drug prepared from it. 
jam, jam, n. a conserve of fruit, 
jam, jam, v.t. to squeeze closely.- «. a 

crowded mass. 

jam, n. side piece of a flreplace, etc. 
L jang'gl, v.t. and v.i. to sound dis- 
cordantly ; quarrel.— w. a discordant 

sound ; quarrel, 
janissary, janisary, janM-z^-rl, n. soldier of 

the old Turkish foot-guards. 


ftce, air, add, firm, ftsk, fill, visage ; severe, ebb, h6r, mak^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, 6flf, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 




janitor, jan'i-tpr, n. a door-keeper. 

January, jan'yu-^ri, n. first month of the 

japan, j^pan', n. a black and glossy varnish. 
—v.t. to varnish with japan. 

jar, jar, n. a vessel of glass or earthenware. 

jarj jSr, v.i. to clash ; quarrel ; be incon- 
sistent.— ».<. to shake.— n. a shaking ; dis- 
cord, [for plants. I 

jardiniire, zh^r-din-yar^ n. ornamental stand] 

jargon, jar'g^n, n. confused talk ; gibberish. 

jasmine, jas'min, n. genus of plants with 
odorous flowers. [colors.! 

jasper, jas'p^r, n. a hard stone of various! 

janndiee, jan'dis, 7i. disease marked by 
yellowness of the skin. . [an excursion.! 

Jannt, jant, v.i. to make an excursion.— w. | 

jaunty, jan'ti, a. airy ; showy, [the hand. 

^avelin^ jav'el-in, n. short spear hurled from| 

jaw, ja, n. bone in which tlie teeth are set ; 
mouth ; cheek ; anything like a jaw. 

j»y. JS^, n. bird of the 
crow family in Eu 
rope ; bird of 
blue color in 

jealous, jePus, a. 
suspicious of, or an- 
gry at, rivalry ; zeal- 
ous to defend. — n . 

jean, jSn, n. twilled col i 

jeer, jer, v.t and v.i. t<i 
mock ; deride.— w. ii 
scoff ; biting jest. 

Jehovah, jfi -ho 'V a, n. ^^y- 

Hebrew name of God. 

jqnne, jg-jfin', a. empt^ ; barren.- n. jejone- 
ness. [fruit boiled with sugar. I 

jelly, jel'i, n. anything gelatinous ; juice of I 

jennr, jen'i, jin'i, n. machine for spinning ; 
a female ass. 

jeopard, jep'^rd, v.t. to risk 'put in peril. 

jeopardy, jep'^rd-1, n. hazard ; \yex\\. 

jerS, jerk, v.t. to throw or pull with sudden 
motion.— «. a sudden pull or motion. 

jerkin, jer'kin, n. a jacket. 

jessamine, jes'^min, ;i. the jasmine, [sport. I 

lest, jest, n. a joke.— ».i. to joke or make I 

Jesiut, jez'yu-it, n. member of the Society or 
Jesus ; a crafty person {an offensive sense), 
—a. Jesnit'ie, -aL [ornaments,! 

jet, jet, n. a compact glossy coal used for| 

jet, jet, n. a spouting stream.— ■c.^ and v.i. 

to spoat in a stream. 
jettison, jet'i-s^n, n. act of throwing over- 
board cargo to lighten a ship in danger.— 
v.t. jettison. 

jetty, jet'i, a. like jet ; black as jet. 
jetty, jet'i, ;?. a pier. [Jewish.! 

Jew, jii, n. an Israelite.— ;/'<em. Jew'ess.— a.j 
jewel, jfl'el, n. a precious stone.— t;.^. to 

adorn or fit with jewels, 
jeweller, jeweler, jli'el-^r, n. one who deals 

or works in jewels. [general.! 

jewelry, ju'el-ri, n. jewels or trinkets in| 
jew's-harp. jflz'hSrp, 

n. small musical 

instrument with vi- 
brating spring, 
jib, jib, n. triangular 

sail in front of the 

jib-boom, jib-bdbm', n. 

extension of the 

bowsprit, on which 

the jib is spread, 
jibe, jib, v.i. to change 

tile course, as a ship. 



[dance a jig. I 
jig, n. a lively tune or dance.— ?,\i. to| 

liR^ jilt, n. a flirt ; coquette.— t?.i. to encour- 
age and then reject a lover. 

jingle, jing'gl, n. a tinkling sound ; rime.— 
v.i. and v.t. to give, or cause to give, a 
tinkling sound. 

jingo, jin^'go, n. one who advocates an 
aggressive and deflant national policy.— w. 
jingoism, [jobs ; buy and sell, as a broker. I 

job, job, n. a piece of work.— i;.i. to work at] 

jobber, job'^r, n. one who buys and sells ; 
intermediate dealer between the importer 
or manufacturer and the retailer. 

jockey, jok'i, n. a rider of races ; horse- 
dealer. — v.i. to cheat. [—n. joooseness.l 

joeose, jO-kOs'j «. given to jesting; mirthful. | 

jocular, jok'yu-l^r, a. mirthful ; humorous. 
—n . joeular'itT. [h . jocund'ity. I 

joeund, jok'und, a. merry ; gay ; sportive.— | 

jog, jog, v.t. to shake ; push with the elbow ; 
prompt.— i?.i. to travel slowly.- n. a slight 
shake ; push. 

jo^^-trot, jog'trot, n. a slow easy trot. 

Join, join, v.t. to unite ; associate.— r.i. to 
meet ; be associated ; concur. 

joiner, joiu'^r, n. a carpenter, 

joint, joint, n. place where two things are 
united ; movable connection of two bones ; 
hinge.—?;./, to unite by a joint.— a. com- 
bined ; shared by two or more. — adv. 

joint-stock, joint-stok', n. stock held in 
company. [woman at marriage.! 

jointure, joint'yiir, n. property settled on a) 

joist, joist, n. beam that supports a floor. 

jokOj jOk, n. a jest ; mirthful act or saying. 
—v.t. to cast jokes at.— r.i. to make jokes. 

jole, jol, see jowl. 

tise, r^le, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, tJiQ ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

11 Digitized by Google 




jolly, jol'i, a. merry ; gay ; plump.— n. 

7.W • "■ 

joUj-koftfc, jol'i 

'i-bOt, n. a ship's boat for all 
work. ' tshocks. — n. shock ; concussion.! 

jolt> jolt, t\t. and v.i. to shake with sudden] 

jondul, jon'kwil, n. a flowering bulbous 

joitle, jos'l, v.^. to run or push against. 

jot jot, n. a very small quantity.— «.<. to set 
down briefly. 

jonnud, jur'n^, n. record of daily transac- 
tions ; newspaper ; magazine. 

jonmftlist jur'n^I-ist, n. one who writes for 
or conducts a journal.— «. jovnaliim. 

journey, jur'ni, n. travel ; tour.— tj.i. to travel. 

ionmeyman, jur'ni-m^n,n. a hired workman. 

joost j<A)st, n. encounter of mounted 
knights at a tournament ; in »/. a tourna- 
ment.— t?.i. to encounter in tilting, [ial'ity. I 

jovial, jOv'i-^1, a. joyous ; merry.— «. jov-| 

jowl, jOl, n. the cheek ; face, esp. of a hog : 
head of a fish. [rejoice. 


joi, n. gladness; happiness.— ?7.i. to| 
joi'ful, joyous, joi'us, a. full of joy ; 

ioTloss, joi'les, a. without joy ; dull ; sad. 

jubilant, jfl^bi-l^nt, a. openly rejoicing. 

jubiloe, jfi'bi-lS, n. year of release among the 
Jews ; any festival of general ^oy. [Jews. I 

Judaieal, ja-da'i-k^l, a. pertaining to thel 

Judaiim, juM^-izm, n. doctrines and rites of 
the Jews. [the red-bud. I 

judaa-trM, jfiMas-trfi, n. an American tree ;| 

judge, juj, v.i. to hear and decide ; give 
sentence ; form an opinion.— 1>.<. to de- 
termine ; sentence ; consider.— n. one ap- 
pointed to hear and decide ; one compe- 
tent to decide. , 

judgment, juj'ment, n. act of judging ; 
faculty of determining ; reason ; pru- 
dence ; sentence. Uuoge.l 

judieatory, ju'di-k^tp-ri, a. pertaining to a| 

judicature, jft'di-k^-tflr, n. power of dis- 
pensing justice : jurisdiction. 

judioial, jft-dishVi «• pertaining to, or be- 
fitting, judges or courts. 

judiciary, ju-^ish'i-^-ri. n. the judges col- 
lectively ; branch or government which 
applies the laws. [ment ; prudent. I 

judieiouf, ju-dish'us, a. marked by judg- 

ji»«. j"gi w- vessel with swelling body and 
narrow mouth. 

juggle, iug'l, v.i. to practise sleight of hand ; 
play illusive tricks.- /i. an illusive trick. 

juggler, jug'l^r, n. one who performs tricks 
by sleight of hand.— n. iugglerr. 

jugular, jfi'gyfi-l^r, a. belonging to the 
throat.— n. one of the great veins of the 

juice, jfis, n. sap of vegetables ; fluid part of 

animal bodies.— a. juicy, 
julep, julap, jfi'lep, -lap, n. a sweetenecl 

draught ; sweetened mixture of spirits 

and water, flavored with mint. 
Jxdy, jfi-ll', n. seventh month of the year, 
jumble, jum'bl, v.t. to mix confusedly.- w. a 

confused mixture ; kind of cake, 
jump, jump, v.i, to spring ; leap.— n. a 

spring; leap. [place of anion. I 

junction, jungk'shun, n. act of joining;' 
juncture, jungk'ty&r, n. joining ; initial 

point of time. 
June, jfin, n. sixth month of the year, 
jungle, jung'gl, n. land covered with thick 

junior, jftn'i-<?r, a. younger ; less advanced. 

— w. one younger or of lower standing. — n. 

junior'itor. [bears berries, 

juniper, jtl'ni-p^r, n. evergreen tree which | 
junk, jungk, n. Chinese ship ; ^ 

old rope ; hard salt beef, 
junket, junj^k'et, n. a sweet- 
meat ; private festivity.— 

v.i. to feast in secret. 
junto, jun'to, n. a cabal ; fac- 
juridiMl, ju-rid'i-k^l, a. per- 

tainingtothe dispensing of 

justice, or to a ^udge. 
jurisdiction, jfi-ris-dik'shun. Junk. 

ii. legal authority ; space 

over which it extends. [of law.' 

jfi-ris-prfi'dens, n. the science i 

. one who 

urist, jfi'rist, n. one versed in the law. 
uror, jfi'ror, juryman, jfi'ri-m^, n. one 
serves on a jury. 

jury, jfi'ri, w. body of men selected and 
sworn to declare the truth on evidence. 

jury-mast, jfl'ri-m§st, n. mast improvised in 
an emergency. 

just, just, a. uprieht ; righteous ; tme.— adr. 
closely ; exactly ; barely.— n. justness. 

justice, jus'tis, n. the giving one's due ; in- 
tegrity ; fairness ; a magistrate ; judge. 

jusociary, jus-tish'i-^r-i, n. administrator of 
justice ; body of judges. [tified.j 

justifiable, jus-ti-fT'a-bl, a. that mav be jus-j 

jpstification. jus-ti-fi-ka'shun, n. act of justi- 
fying 5 vindication. 

justify, jus'ti-fl, v.t. to prove to be just or 
right ; vindicate. [right.! 

justify, just'li, adv. in a just manner ; by| 

jut, jut, v.i. to project.— «. a projection. 

jute, jfit, 71. fibre of an Asiatic plant nsed 
for making cordage and coarse cloth. 

juvenile, jfi'vfi-nil, a. young ; youthfol.— a. 
juyenil'ity. [ness of place ; contigaity.l 

juxtaposition, juks-t^-p^-zish'un, n. near-| 

ace, air, ftdd, arm, ^k, all, visage ; egvCre, ebb, her, mflk^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, Off, 

d by Google 

Digitized b 



E, k, ka, eleventh letter of the alphabet. 

Kiuier, kl'z^r, //. a German emperor. 

kidej kai, n. a kind of cabbage. 

kalodoseope, kal-l'dp-skop, ;t. toy in which 
Bymmetrical patterns are produced by re- 
flections from opposed mirrors. 

kugaroo, kang- 
ga-r(A)', n. an 

kMlin, k§'9-lin, 
u. white por- 
celain clay. 

katjrdid, k&'ti- 
did, 72. an 
American spe- 
cies of grass- 

kedge. kej, n. a small anchor. 

keel, kci, n. bottom timber of a ship, run- 
nmg the whole length. 

kedion, kelioiL kerspn, n, timber lying di- 
rectly over the keel. [keenness. I 

keen, kCn, a. eager; piercing; sharp.— /*.| 

keep, k^p, v.t. to guard ; maintain ; pre- 
serve ; retain.— tj.i. to stay; endure.— ;t. 
a stronghold. 

keeper, kCp'er, n. one who keeps ; warden ; 
anything that holds. 

keeping, kCp'ing, n. custody ; due proiwr- 
tion ; harmony. [brance.I 

keepsake, kfip'sftk, n. a token of remem-| 

kM, keg, n. a small cask. 

ken, kelp, n. a kind of sea- weed ; its ashes. 

Keft, kelt, Keltie, kel'tic, see Celt, Celtic. 

kei, ken, v.t. to see and recog^iize ; know. 
— n. reach of knowledge or sight. 

kennel, ken'el, n. a house for dogs ; pack of 
hounds.— p.i. and t?./. to lodge m a Kennel. 

kept, kept, ;?.<. and p.p. of keep. 

keramies, ke-ram'iks, n.aing. art of making 
pottery, porcelain, etc. [head.l 

kerehief ker'chif, n. a cloth to cover the| 

kernel, kftm'el, n. anything in a shell ; sub- 
stance in the shell of a nut. 

kerosene, ker'9-s6n, n. combustible liquid 
prepared from petroleum. 

kmey, k6r'zi, n. a coarse woollen cloth. 

kerseTBMn, k6r'zi-mer, n. twilled cloth of 
tine wool. 

ketehnp, kech'up, n. a spiced condiment. 

kettle, Ket'l, n. vessel for boiling liquids. 

kettts-dnun, ket'1-drum, n. metallic drum of 
hemispherical shape, covered with parch- 


key, kg, n. instrument to fasten and open a 

lock ; tool for turning ; clew to any mys- 
tery ; small lever of a musical instrument ; 

proper scale of a piece of music, 
key, kg, n. a reef of rocks ; wharf ; quaj, 
key-board, kS'bOrd, n. range of keys m a 

piano or organ, 
key-hole, kC'hOl, n. hole for admitting a key. 
key-note, kC'nOt, n. fundamental note of a 

given scale or musical piece, 
key-stone, kC'stOn, n. mid- 
dle stone of an arch, 
khalii; kal'if, kft'-, (khft- 

16f'), n. name or title as- 
sumed by the successors 

of Mohammed. 
UuuL, kan, n. an Eastern 


khan, kftn, n. an Asiatic prince or chief, 
khanate, kftn'^t, n. rank or territonr of a 

khan. [ruler of Egypt. I 

Khedive, ked-Bv' (khed-Sv'), n. title of the! 
kiok^ kik, n. a blow with the foot.— i?./. and 

v.t. to strike with, or fling out, the foot. 
kid, kid, n. a young goat.— ».i. to bring forth 

a kid. ' 

kidnap, kid'nap, v.t. to steal a human being, 
kidney, kid'ni, n. gland which excretes the 

kildee, kil'dC, n. an American plover, 
kill, kil, v.t. to slay ; destroy ; quell. 
kiln, kil, n. large oven for drying or burning, 
kiln-drr, kirdrl, v.t. to dry m a kiln, 
kilo, kirO, kilogxam, kil'^-gran^ n. weight of 

1000 grams ; 5^046 lbs. av. 
kiloliter, kil'p-let^r, n. measure of 1000 

liters ; 264.17 gals. 
kilometer, kil'p-mC-t^r, n. measure of 1000 

meters ; 3280 ft. 10 in. 
kilt, kilt, 11. a Highlander's short petticoat. 
kin, kin, n. relations by blood ; relationship. 

— a. of the same blood or kind, 
kind, kind, n. sort or species.— a. gentle ; 

benevolent; amiable.— arf». kindly.— n. 

kindergarten^ kin'd^r-gtlr-ten, n. a school for 

young children in which jiluy is combined 

with instniction. 
kindle, kin'dl, v.t. to set on flre ; excite.- - 

v.i. to take flre ; become excited, 
kindly, kind'li, a. amiable ; benevolent. — n. 

kindliness, —adv. kindly, 
kindred, kin'dred, n. persons related by 

blooa ; relationship.— a. related ; closely 

kine, kin, cows, 
kinetie, kin-etMk. a. producing motion, 
kineties, kin-et'iks, n. science which treats 

of motion. 

dbze ; flae, r^e, poll, up ; oil, out ; thin, th^ ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

d by Google 

Digitized b 




kinetoseope, kin-et'9-skOp, n. device for pro- 
ducing the appearance of moving bodies 
by a series of^photographs. 

king, king, n. a monarch ; sovereign. 

king-bolt, king'bolt, n. pin joining the fore- 
axle to the body of a vehicle. [region. I 

kingdom, king'dpra, n. territory of a king ;1 

kingfifher, king'flsh-^r, n. small bird which 
feeds on flsh. [a king.— w. kingliness. I 

kingl7, king'li, a. pertaining to, or befitting, | 

kink, kingk, n. twist formea in a cord by its 
doubling on itself .—?;.i. to twist into a kink. 

kinkv kingk'i, a. full of kinks ; entangled. 

kinsfolk, kmz'fOk, relations ; kindred. 

kinship, kin'ship, n. relationship by common 

kinsman, kin/Zmsm, n. man related to an- 
other by blood.— ^y^. kinsmen.— /V'm. kins- 

kip. ki[), 7^. a kind of calf -skin. 

kirk, kerk, n. church (in Scotland). 

kirtle. ker'tl, n. an outer garment ; frock. 

kiss, kIs, v. a salute by touching with the 
lips.— v.^. to salute or caress by touching 
with the lips ; touch lightly. 

kit, kit, n. outfit of tools, etc. ; that which 
contains it ; small fiddle. 

kitehen, kich'en, n. room for cooking. 

kite, kit, n. a bird of the bf3wk /— >. 
kind ; paper toy that flTca f|i j^, "^ 
the air. 

kith, kith, n. acquaintanci 

kitten, kit'n, n. a voung cat, 
—v.i. to bring forth kit- 

kleittomania, klep-tp-mft'- 
ni-ft, n. an insane de- 
sire or impulse to steal. 
—a. kle^maniae. 

kleirtomanuM, klep-to-mS'- 
ni-ak, n. one affected 
with kleptomania. 

knack, nak, n. dexterity. 

knapsacl^ nap'sak, n. 
case for food, etc., 
borne on the back. 

knave, nSv, n. a rascal ; lowest of the court- 
cards.— a. knavish. 

knavery, nav'^-ri, n. dishonesty ; rascality. 

knead, nSd, v.i. to work and mix with the 
hands, as dough. 

knee, ne, n. joint of the leg and thigh ; bent 
piece of timber in a ship. 

kneel, nCl, v.i. to fall or rest on the knee.— 
pj. and ;>.;?. kneeled or knelt. 

knee-pan, ng'pan, n. round bone of the knee. 

knell, uel, n. sound of a bell rung at a death 
or funeral. — v.i. to sound as a knell. 


knew, ntl, p.t. of know. 

kniokerboekers, nik' ^r - bok - ?rz, short 
trousers reaching to the knees. 

knieknack, nik'nak, 11. a trifie or toy. 

knife, nif, n. an instrument for cutting.-/)^, 

knight, nit, n. man of a certain feudal rank ; 
member of one of certain orders ; a title of 
honor; piece in chess.— t).^. to create a 

knight-errant, nit -cr' ant, n. knight who 
roved in search of adventures, [a knight.! 

knighthood, nlt'hud, n. rank or character of | 

knightly, nit'li, a. pertaining to, or befitting, 
a knight. 

knit, nit, v.i. to unite by knots or loops; 
unite closely.— «?.i. to make a fabric by 
looping threads ; grow together.— 77.^ and 
p.p. knit or knitted. 

knob, nob, n. a protuberance ; ball. 

knoek, nok, v.i. and v.i. to strike ; rap.— n. 
a stroke ; rap. (door. I 

knocker, nok'^r, n. hammer attached to a| 

knoU, nOl, n. a hillock. 

knot, not, n. a tie ; joint of a plant ; inser- 
tion of a branch.— i;.^ to tie in a knot.— a. 
knotted, knotty. 

knont, kndbt, nout, n. whip used in Russia 
for punishing offenders.—?;.^, to scourge 
with the knout. 

know, nO, v.i. to perceive ; be acquainted 

with ; be assured of ; recognize.— p.<. 

I knew.— ;?.j9. known. [cioos.! 

knowing, nO'ing, a. well-informed ; saga-l 

knowlec^ce, nol'ejj n. assured belief; any- 
thing known ; information ; learning. 

knuckle, nuk'l, n. joint of the finger ; knee- 
joint of a calf. — v.i. to yield. 

kodak, kOMak, n. small photographic camera. 

Koran, kO'ran (Arab, ku'rftn), n. the Mo- 
hammedan Scriptures. 

L, 1, el, twelfth letter of the alphabet; as a 

Roman numeral, fifty, 
la, 1&, int. denoting surprise, etc. 
la, la, n. name of the sixth note of the 

musical scale, 
label la'bel, n. slip of paper, etc., with name, 

title, etc., affixed to anything, 
labial, la'bi-^1, a. pertaining to the lips.— n. 

sound formed by the lips, 
labor, la'bpr, n. work ; toil ; travail.— t?./. to 

work ; toil ; be oppressed or distressed, 
laboratory, lab'p-ra-tp-ri, n. a workroom for 

scientific operations. [rough work.j 

laborer, la'bpr-^r, n. one who does hard orj 

ace, air, add, arm, ftsk, fill, visage ; sgvSre, ebb, her, mfik^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, fiff, 

d by Google 

Digitized b 




laboriona, la-bO'ri-uR,a. toilsome ; industrious. 
lAb^rinth, lab'i-rinth, n. place full of intri- 
cate windings ; maze. 
Ia«, lak, //. a resinous substance. 
iMe, Ifls, n. a cord ; ornamental fabric of 

fine thread. — v.t. to fasten with a lace • 

adorn with lace. [laoera'tion. 

Iteente, las'^r-at, v.t. to rend; wound.— w.| 
Itehrynukl, laorymal, lak'ri-m^l, a. pertaining 

to tears. 
Uehrymose, laerymose, lak'ri-mOs, a. tearful, 
laek, lak, v.t- to need ; want ; be destitute of. 

— w . need ; want. [pensive. | 

Uekadaisieal, lak-^da'zi-k^I, a. affectedly] 
luker, Isequer, lak'^r, n. varnish made oi 

lac— 17./. to varnish with lacker. 
iMker, lak'i n. a footman ; menial, [cise.l 
iMMue, laeoniMl, la-kon'ik, -^U a. pithy ; con-| 
UoMiism, lak'on-izm, n. terseness ; a pithy 

phrase. [ball and netted bat. | 

iMTOtM, la-kros', 7i. a game played with a| 
iMtatl, lak'tfi-^1, a. pertaining to milk.— w. 

vessel that conveys chyle. 
lutenMter, lak-tom'g-t^r, n. instrument for 

testing milk. 
Ud, lad, n. a boy : youth.— /«g7?i. 1m8. 
Udder, lad'^r, n. frame of steps or rungs for 

laden, lad'n, a. loaded ; burdened. 
Iftdbig, Iftd'ing, n. load ; cargo. 
Iftdk, la'dl, n. a dipper with a handle. 
Udy, la'di, n. mistress of a house ; well-bred 

woman ; title of respect. 
lady-bird, IR'di-berd, n. a small beetle. 
ladyihip, Ift'di-ship, n. title of a'lady. 
Ug, lag, v.i. to move slowlj ; loiter. 
Uger D©Br, ISg'^r b6r, w. a light German beer. 
laioon, la-goon', n. a shallow lake. 
lue, Uueu, la'ik, -^1, a. pertaining to the laity. 
liid, lad, p.t. and p.p. of U7. 
lain, lan, p.p. of he. 
lair, lar, n. retreat of a wild beast, 
laird, lard, n. in Scotland, a landed pro- 
prietor, [the clergy. I 
lany, la'i-ti, n. the people, as distinct from| 
lain, lak, n. inland body of water, 
lake, lak, n. name given to various pigments 

or organic origin. 
lamb, lam, n. a young sheep.— tJ.i. to briiij 

forth lambs. [ing. 

lambent, lam'bent, a. playing over ; flicker- 
lambkin, lam'kin, n. a young lamb. 
lambrequin, lam'b^r-kin,n. pendant of drapery 

to a window frame or shelf. 
lame, lam, a. disabled in the limbs ; crippled ; 

imperfect. — //. lamenesa. v.t. to make lame, 
lament, lament', v.t. and v.i. to bewail ; 

mourn. [sad ; miserable. 

;ble, lani'ent-^bl, a. to be lamented •,| 




lamentation, lam - en -ta' shun, n. wailing; 

mourning ; expression of grief, 
lamina, lamM-n^, n. a thin layer.—/?/. lamin». 
laminated, lam'i-nat-ed, n. composed of thin 

layers. [of August.! 

Lammas, lam'm^, n. feast of first-fruits; lst[ 
lunp, lamp, w. device for giving light by 

means of oil and a wick, or an incandes- 
cent body. [pigment. I 
lamp-black, lamp'blak, n. fine soot used as a| 
lampoon, 1am- 

prfou', n. A per- 
sonal satire.— 

v.t. to assail with 

personal satire. 
lamprey, lam'pri, 

w. genus of -fishes 

resembling the 

lance, I^ns, n. a long 

si)ear. — v.t. to pierce 

witha lance or lancet. 
Iftns'^r, n. cav- 
alry soldier armed 

with a lance, 
lancet, lan'set, n. a surgical instrument for 

letting blood, etc. ; acutely pointed window, 
land, land, n. earth ; solid ground • a region ; 

soil ; real estate.— 17.<. to set on land.— t?.i. 

to come on land, 
landau, lan'- 

do, n. a 

light car- 
riage with 


top. ' 



a. having 

land; con- Landau. 

sisting in land. [land. I 

landholder, land'hOld-^r, n. an owner of| 
landing, land'ing, n. act or place of going on 

shore ; platform between the flints of a 

landlocked, land'Iokt, a. inclosed by land, 
landlord, laind'lCrd, n. owner of land ; master 

of an inn ; owner of a rented house.— /(?m. 

landmark, land'mftrk, n. mark of the Imund- 

ary of land ; any object on land serving as 

a guide for travellers or seamen, 
landscape, land'skap, n. aspect of a country ; 

picture representing it. 
land-slide, land'slTd, land-slip, land'slip, n. 

sliding of a portion of lanu down a slope, 
landsman, lanaz'man, n. one who lives on 

land ; one unused to seafaring. [land.t 
landward, land'w^rd, a. and adv. toward thej 

obzo ; tise, rfile, pull, up ; oil, out ; 

thin, i/i6 ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 
Digitized by VjOOQIC 




lane, I3n, n. a narrow passage or street. 
langa&se. l^ng'gw^j, n. numan speech ; 
tongue ; style or expression. [less.i 

langnuL lang'gwid, a. weak ; feeble ; spirit-l 
langoisli, lang'gwish, v.i. to become weak • 
droop ; pine. [state of languishing, 

langnisjunent, lang'gwish-ment, n. act or| 
languor, lang'gwpr, n. state of being lan- 
guid ; weakness. [slender.! 
lank, langk, a. drooping ; loose ; weak and] 
lantern, lan't^rn, n. transparent case for a 
light ; dome with windows to light a 
building. [thing with. I 
lanyard, lan'y^rd, n. cord to fasten any-| 
lap. lap, n. flap of anything : part of the 
dress that lies on the knees when sitting.— 
v.t. to wrap ; to lick up.— v.i. to bespread 
or turned over. [the breast of a coat. I 
lapel, l9.-pel', n. part that is turned back of | 
lapidary, lap'i-d^ri, n. one who cuts or en- 
graves precious stones, -a. pertaining to 
the cuttmg of stones, or inscriptions. 
lappet, lap'et, n. a little lap or flap, 
lapse, laps, v.t. to slip ; slide ; pass to an- 
other.— w. a slipping ; failing or fall ; 
[family ' 

lapwing, lap' wing, 71. a bird of the plover | 

larboard, Iftr'bOrd, n. left side of a snip to 
one facing the bow.— a. on the larboard 

larceny. Iftr'sfi-ni, n. theft. [tree. I 

laroh, Ifirch, ?i. a deciduous cone-bearing | 

lard, ISrd, n. melted fat of swine.— «?.^. to 
smear with lard ; insert shreds of i)ork- 
fat in. [stock of provisions] 

larder, Iftrd'^r, ;*. place where meat is kept ;| 

large, l&rj, a. great in size ; extensive ; 
abundant.— adv. lareely.— 7%. largeness. 

largess. Iftr'jes, n. a gift. 

lanat, lar'i-at, n. a cord of hide or hair, often 
used as a lasso. 

lark, lark, n. a Euro- 
pean singing-bird • 
American bird allied 
to the starling. 

larkspur, Itlrk'spur, n. 
a flowering plant. 

larva, Iftr'vft, n. an in- 
sect in the grub or 
caterpillar stete. 

larynx, lar'ingks, n. 
upper part of the 
windpipe.— a. laryn'geal 

laseivions, la-siv'i-us, a. lewd ; wanton. 

lash, lash, n. thong of a whip ; stroke with 
anything pliant.— ?'.A to strike with a 
lush ; satirize or denounce ; fasten with a 

lass, Ifts, n. a girl. 

Lark (honed). 

lassitude, las'i-ttld, n. faintness ; weakness ; 

lasso, las'O, n. rope with a noose for catch- 
ing animals when running. — v.t. to catch 

with a lasso, 
last, last, a. latest ; hindmost ; utmost.— 

arfTJ. lastly. [is made.] 

last, Iftst, n. wooden mould on which a shoe, 
last Iftst, -v.i. to continue ; endure. 
lasting, l^t'ing, n. a kind of woollen stuff. 
latoh, lach, n. a catch for a door.— v.t. to 

fasten with a latch, 
latoket, lach'^t, n. lace for fastening a shoe. 
late, lat, a. coming after due time ; far ad- 
vanced ; deceased ; out of office, etc.— 

adv. late, 
lately, lat'li, adv. not' long ago. [active' 
latent, la'tent, a. hidden ; not apparent or 
lateral, lat'^r-^1, a. pertaining to the side : 

from, or in the direction of, the side. 
lath, lath, n. thin slip of wood.—©./, to cover 

with laths. [metal, etc. 

lathe, la//i, n. machine for turning wood, 
lather, la/A'^r, n. froth of soap and water ; 

fo&m.—v.t. to cover with lather. 
Latin, lat'in, n. language of the ancient Ro- 
mans. — a. pertaining to the Romans or 

their language. 
Latinism, Idt'in-izm, n. a Latin idiom. 
Latinist, lat'in-ist^ n. one versed in Latin. 
Latinity, la-tin'i-ti, n. Latin style. 
latitude, lat'i-tdd, n. distance from the 

equator ; scope ; freedom. — a. latitn'diiisL 
latter, lat'^r, a. later ; last of two. 
latterly, lat'^r-li, adv. of late, 
lattiee, lat'is, n. net-work of crossed bars ; 

window with crossed bars, 
land, lad, v.t. to praise ; extol.— ». praise. 
laudable, IM'a-bl, a. praiseworthy, 
laudanum, IM'^-num, n. tincture of opium, 
laudatory, IM'^-tp-ri, a. expressing prnisc. 
laugh, laf, n. sound indicative of mirth or 

derision.— t;.i. to utter a laugh.— f.^ to 

deride with laughter. 
laughable, laf'^bl, a. fitted to cause laugti- 

ter ; ridiculous. 
laufhing-stook, Iftf'ing-stok, n. an object of 

laughter, Iftf 't^, n. act of laughing, 
launch, ISnch, v.t. to send forth ; cause to 

slide into water.— r.i. to go forth.— n. act 

of launching a ship ; large boat, 
launder, lan'd^r, v.t. to wash and iron, 
laundress, lan'dres, 71. a washerwoman, 
laundrr, lan'dri, n. place where clothes are 

laureate, la're-ait, a. crowned with laurel. 

n. title of iicinor conferred upon a poet 
laurel, Ifir'el, n. an evergreen tree or shrub. 

ftce, air, add, arm, ask, all, visg-ge ; sfivCre, ebb, her, mftk^r ; Ice, inn ; Od^r, ox, 6ff, 

Digitized by VjOOQ iC 


167 LEGAL 

!•>▼&, Ift'vft, n. melted rock ejected by a vol- 

IftTKtory, lav'^tp-ri, n. a place for washing. 

ItTi, Iftv, v.i. and v.i. to wash ; bathe. 

lavender, lav'en-d^r, n. a fragrant plant ; a 
pale purple color. 

IftTer. Iftv'^r, n. a vessel for washing. 

Uvisn, lav'ieh, expend profusely.— a. 
profuse ; prodigal. 

law, la, n. rule of action or motion ; stat- 
ute ; principle ; body of statutes. 

lawftil, la'ful, a. according to law ; rightful ; 
permitted by law. 

lawless. l&'Ies, a. not lawful ; unrestrained. 

lawn, Ian, n. an open, grassy space ; kind of 
fine linen. 

Uwn-teonis, Iftn'ten'is, n. an out-door game 

played with a ball and rackets. 

lawfiut, l&'sdt, n. a process in law ; action. 

lawyer, l&'y^r, n. one who is versed in, or 
practises, law. 

Ux, laks, a. loose.— ». lazneee, laxity. 

lazatiTe, laks'^tiv, a. having the power to 
relieve costiveness.— «. a laxative medi- 

lay, la, v.i. to place, or cause to lie down • 
to calm ; wager ; produce cggfi.—p.t. and 
p.p. laid. 

lay, Ift, n. a son^ : ballad. 

lay, la, a. pcrtaming to the laity. 

layer, Ift'^r, n. a stratum ; shoot laid for 

laynnn, la'man, n. one of the laity. 

laiar, laz'^, la'-, n. one covered with sores. 

laiaretto, laz-^ret'O, n. hospital for persons 
with infections diseases. 

laiy, la'zi, a. indisposed to action ; indo- 
lent.— n. laiiness. 

lea, 16, n. a meadow. 

leaeh, 16ch, v.t. to wash out an alkali, as 
from ashes. 

lead, led, v.t. to go before, as a guide ; con- 
duct ; precede.— />.<. and p.p. led.— n. 
precedence ; guidance. 

lead, led, n. a soft heavy metal ; a leaden 
sinker.— 1;.<. to cover or fit with lead. 

leaden, led'n, a. of, or like, lead. 

leader, ICd'^r, n. one who, or that which, 
leads or goes first ; director. 

leaf^ ISf, n. one of the flat breathing-organs 
of plants ; anything like a leaf ; double 
page of a book ; half of a double door.— 
pi. leaves. 

leukce, ICf'^j, n. leaves collectively ; foliage. 

iMdlei. lef'l^t, V. a little leaf. 

leafy, isn, a. full of leaves. 

leagne, 16g, n. an alliance ; confederacy.— 
r.L to form a league ; unite. 

league, 16g, n. a distance of three miles. 

leak, lek, n. crack or hole that allows fluid 
to pass.— a. leaky.— «?.i. to let a fluid In or 
out ; pass through a leak. [leaking.! 

leakage, ISk'^j, n. a leaking ; allowance for| 

lean, Ten, a. wanting flesh or fat ; meagre.— 
n. leanness.— 71. flesh without fat. 

lean, 16n, v.i. to incline ; bend. 

leap, 16p, v.i. to spring ; jump ; rush for- 
ward.— p. ^ and p.p. leapM or leapt (lept). 
— n. act of leaping ; space leaped over. 

leap-year, ICp'ySr, u. every fourth year, in 
which February has 29 days. 

learn, lern, v.t. to accjuire knowledge of, or 
skill in.— t?.i. to gam knowledge or skill. 

learned, lern'ed, a. naving learning, [ship. I 

learning, lern'ing^ n. knowledge ; scholar- 1 

lease, 16s, n. a lettmg of lands or tenements ; 
contract of such letting.— tJ.<. to grant or 
obtain use of by lease. 

leasehold, 16s'hOla, a. held by n lease. 

leash, 168h, n. line for holding a hound • 
three of a kind. [degree. 

least, lest, a. smallest.- arft;. in the smallesti 

leather, lefh'^r, n. prepared hide of an ani- 
mal.— a. leather, leatnem. 

leathery, le^A'^r-i, a. like leather ; tough. 

leave, 16v, n. permission ; formal parting.— 
v.i. to quit ; allow to remain ; refer ; be- 
queath.— p. <. and p.p. left. 

leaven, lev'n, a. fermenting dough.— t?.^ to 
mix with leaven. 

leaves, I6vz, of leaf. 

leavings, 16v'ingz, things left ; refuse. 

leetnre, lekt'yur, n. a discourse ; reading ; 
formal reproof. — v.t. to deliver a lecture 
to ; reprove.— v.i. to deliver a lecture. 

led, led, p.t. and p.p. of lead. 

ledge, lej, n. a shelf : ridge. [keeping.! 

ledger, lej'^r, n. principal book in book-| 

lee, 15, n. sheltered side ; side • which the 
wind reaches last.- a. on the lee side. 

leeoh, 16ch, n. a blood-sucking aquatic worm. 
—v.t. to apply leeches to. 

leeoh, 16ch, n. edge of a sail. 

leek, 16k, n. a kind of onion. 

leer. I6r, n. an oblique glance.— ».«. to look 
obliquely or scornfully. — n. leer. 

lees, iCz, dregs ; sediment. 

leeward, 16'w^rd, itl'^rd, adv. toward the lee 
side. [of her course.! 

leeway, I6'wa, n. drift of a ship to leeward | 

left, left, p.t. and^.p. of leave. 

left, left, a. opposite to the right side. 

left-handed, left'hand-ed, a. more dexterous 
with the left hand than the right. 

leg, leg, n. limb by which men and animals 
walk ; support for a table, etc. 

legacy, leg'a-si, n. a bequest. [ity.i 

legal, I6'g^l, «. according to law.— w. legal'- 

dbze ; llae, rflle, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, thQ ; 

get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 




legalise, -ise, 16'g^I-Tz, v.t. to make lawful. 
legate, leg'^t, n. an ambassador, esn. from 

the Pope. [is left. I 

legatee, leg'^t^'i w. one to whom a legacy| 
legation, le-gft'shun, n. an embassy, 
legend, lej'end, n. a marvellous ancient 

story ; molto.— a. legendarj. 
legerdemain, lej-^r-dg-mfin', n. sleight of 

nand ; jugglery. [or below the Htaflf.l 

leger-Une, lej'^r-lln, «. in music^ a line above| 
legging, leg'ing, n. covering for the leg. 
leiible, lej'i-bl, a. that may be read.— w. 

legion, le'jun, n. in ancient Rome, a body of 
soldiers of from 3000 to 9000 ; an armed 
force ; great number. 

lecislate, Tej'is-lftt, v.i. to make laws.— n. 
legisla'tion.— a. leg'islatiye. [laws. I 

legislator, lej'is-ia-t9r, n. one who makes! 

legislatnzf. lej'is-lflt-yur, n. body of men em- 
powered to make laws. 

le^st, lej'ist, 16', n. one skilled in law. 

legitkaate, Ig-jifi-mat, v.t. to make lawful ; 
give legal rights to.—n. legitima'tion. 

legitimate. Ig-jit'i-m^t, a. lawful ; born in 
wedlock ; fairly deduced.— «. legitimaey. 

legnme, leg-tlm', n. a pod splitting into two 
valves. [umes ; contamed in legumes. I 

legnminone, leg-tlm'i-nus, a. bearing leg-| 

leunre, IC'zhur, lezh'ur, n. freedom from 
occupation. — a. unemployed. 

leisoreljr, 16'zhur-ll. lezh'-, a. slow; deliber- 
ate.— o^/i). leisnrelj. [the orange. I 

lemon, lem'pn, n. an acid fruit resembllngi 

lemonade, lem-pn-fid', n. drink of lemon- 
juice, water, and sugar. 

lend, lend, v.t. to grant on condition of re- 
turn : to grant.— ;?.^ and p.ji. lent. 

length, length, n. extent from end to end ; 
continuance. [become longer.! 

lengthen, length'en, v.t. and v.i. to make or| 

lengthwise, length'wlz, adv. in the direction 
of the length. [lenieney, len'ity. j 

lenient, 16'ni-ent, a. mild ; merciful.— /i.| 

lenitive, len'i-tiv, a. soft- 
ening ; mitigating. 

lens, lenz, n. glass with 
curved surfaces, 
which converges or 
diverges rays of light. ^^^^^^ 

Lent, lent, 71. the forty 
days' fast before Easter. [Lent. I 

lenten, lentVn, a. pertaining to, or befitting, | 

lenticnlar, len-tik'yu-lar, «. naving the form 
of a double-convex leus. 

lentil, lent'il, n. a leguminous plant ; its 
edible seed. 

Leo, ICT), n. the Lion, fifth nigii of the 

leonine, 16'9-n in, 
-nin, a. of, or 
like, a lion. 

leoparo, lep'^rd, n. 
spotted wild 
beast of the cat 

leper, lep'^r, n. one ixjopara. 

affected with leprosy. 

leprosy, ]ep'r9si, n. a disease of the skin 
marked by scurfy spots. 

leprons, lep'nis, a. aflfected with leprosy. 

lesion, 16'zhun, n. an injury ; hurt. 

less, les, a. smaller; not so large.— «rfr. in a 
smaller degree.— ». a smaller portion ; the 
younger or inferior. 

lesser, les'^r, a. less ; smaller. [granted. | 

lessee, les-C, n. one to whom a lease is| 

lessen, les'n, v.t. to make less ; weaken. 

lesson, les'n, n. portion of a book to be read 
or learned ; instruction ; reproof. 

lessor, les'or, n. one who grante a le^se. 

lest» lest, conj. that not ; for fear that. 

let, let, v.t. to permit ; allow ; grant to a 
hirer ; in Scripture, to hinder.— n. hin- 
derance ; delay. 

lethal, le'thal, a. deadly ; fatal. 

lethargy, leth'^r-ji, n. morbid sleep or 
drowsiness.— a. lethar'gie. 

Lethe, 16'thg, n . a fabulous river whose waters 
produced oblivion ; oblivion.— a. lethe'aa. 

letter, let'^r, n. mark expressing a spoken 
sound ; a written message ; literal mean- 
ing; printing-type.— in »/. learning; lit- 
erature.— 1?.<. to mark with letters. 

lettered, let'^rd, a. marked with letters; 

letter-press, let'^r-pres, n. matter printed 
from type. 

lettnee, let'is, n. plant ascd as a salad. 

Levani. Ig-vant', n. eastern coasts of the 
Mediterranean.— a. Lerant'ine. 

levoe, lev'g, «. morning assemblage of vis- 
itors ; embankment along a river. 

level, lev'el, n. horizontal line or surface; 
even surface ; equality ; instrument show- 
ing a horizontal plane.— a. horizontal ; 
even ; equal in elevation.— t?.^ to make 
level or uniform ; 
to aim. 

lever, Ifi'v^r, ». bar 
turning on a ful- 
crum, for apply- 
ing power. Lever(A)and fulcrum(B). 

levera^ge, 16'v^r-aj,n. 
action of, or advantage gained by, a lever. 

leveret, lev'^r-et, w. a young hare. 

leviathan, le-vl'^-th^n, n. a huge aquatir 
animal ; anything huge. 

ftce, air, add, arm, ^sk, fill, visage ; sfivSrc, ebb, her, milker ^ce, inn : Odvr, ox, Off, 

Digitized by LjOOQ It: 



levifftte, lev'i-gat, v.t. to reduce to fine 
powder. [ferior Hebrew i)rie8t. I 

Lainte, IC'vIt, w. a descendant of Levi ; in-| 

LeyitiMl, le-vit'i-k^l, a. pertaining to the 
Levites or their observancen. 

levity, lev'i-ti, n. lightness ; though tless- 
nees ; flippancy. 

levy, lev'i, v.t. to collect by authority. — n. act 
of raising mone;^ or troops by authority. 

lewd, Itld, a. licentious ; impure. 

lezieograplitf, leks-i-kog'r^-f^r, n. one who 
compiles a dictionary. 

lezieognphy, leks-i-kog'r^-fi, n. art of mak- 
ing dictionaries.— a. lezioograph'ie. 

lezioon, leks'i-kpn, n. a dictionary. 

liaUe, ira-bl, a. responsible; subject; ex- 
posed.— n. liability. 

liar, IT-^r, n. one who utters falsehood. 

libation, ll-ba'shun, n. wine, etc., poured out 
in honor of a deity. 

libel, ll'bel, n. a defamatory j)ublication ; in 
lau\ statement of a plamtiflE's ground of 
complaint. — v.t. to defame by a fibel ; pro- 
ceed against by filing a libel. 

libeUous, IT'bel-us, a. defamatory. 

liberal, lib'^r-^l, a. generous ; noble-minded ; 
candid ; free.— ». liberal'ity. 

liberate, lib'er-at, v.t. to set free, [licentious.! 

libertine, libWtin, n." a licentious man.— a.| 

Ubertiniem, lib'^r-tin-izm, n. practice or prin- 
ciples of a libertine. 

liberty, lib'^r-ti, n. freedom ; permission. 

Idbra, ll'bra, n. the Balance, seventh sign of 
the zodiac. [of a library. I 

librarian, li-brS'ri-^n, n. one who has charge! 

library, ll'br^ri, n. a collection of books for 
nse ; building containing it. 

liee, lis, ))l. of loue. 

lieoue, ll'sens, u. leave; grant of permis- 
sion ; abuse of freedom, — v.t. to grant 
license to ; permit. 

lieentiate, iT-sen'shi-^t, n. one who has a 
license to exercise a profession. 

Ueentions, IT-sen'shus, a. loose in morals ; 
dissolute.— 7/. lieentionsnees. 

liehen^ IT'kcn, n. a cellular flowerless plant. 

liek. Ilk, v.t. to pass the tongue over. 

Ueoriee, lik'pr-is, n. a plant with a sweetish 
root ; extract prepared from its root. 

lid, lid, n. a cover ; cover of the eye. 

lie, II, n. an intentional falsehood ; decep- 
tion.—©.^, to utter falsehood. 

lie, II, r.i. to rest horizontally ; lean ; be 
situated ; consist.- jo.^ Ikj.—p.p.ltin. 

lief; I6f, adv. willingly. 

liege, ISj, a. feudally subject ; sovereign.— w. 
a vassal ; sovereign. 

lieD, iC'^n, n. a legal claim against property. 
lien, Ifl, n. place ; stead. 

lieutenant, Itl-teu'^nt (In England, ief-), n. a 
deputy ; commissioned officer next below 
a captain. 

life, III, II. animate existence ; manner of 
living ; animation ; human affairs ; biog- 
raphy, [cases of shipwreck. I 

life-boat, llf'bot, ?i. boat for saving lives in I 

life-insnranee, llf'in-fehfir-9,n8, n. contract by 
which, on condition of a premium, a sum 
is paid at a person's death. 

lifeless, llf'les, a. dead ; spiritless. 

lifelong, llf'lGng, a. during life. 

life-preserver, llf'pre-zerv'^r, n. a buoyant 
belt, etc., to support a person in the water. 

lift, lift, v.t. to raise; exalt. — n. act of raising; 
contrivance for raising. 

ligament, lig'^rment, n. anything that binds ; 
fibrous tissue connecting movable bones. 

ligature, lig'at-yur, n. anything that binds ; 
a band. 

light, lit, n. that by which things are made 
visible ; illumination ; anything that illu- 
minates, as a lamp, etc. ; daytime ; knowl- 
edge.— o. bright ; clear.— i'.^ to give light 
to ; kindle.— ».<. and p.p. lit or ligbted. 

light, lit, a. not neavy ; easy ; active ; slight ; 
not dense ; unimportant ; not grave.— «. 

light, lit, v.L to settle ; dismount ; come by 
chance.— p. t. and p.jj. lit or lighted. 

lighten, llt'n, v.t. to illuminate ; to make 
lighter.— t;.?'. to grow lighter ; flash with 

lighter, llt'^r, 
n. large 
open boat 
for carry- 
ing cargo 
to or from 

ilt'h o u 8 , 
n. tower 
with a 
1 i ^ h t to Light-house, 

guide mariners. [weight. I 

liC^tness, llt'nes, a. brightness ; want of | 

lightning, llt'ning, 
n. an electric 
flash from 
the clouds. 

light-ship, llt'- 
8hip,w. a sta- 
tionary ves- 
8 e 1 with 
1 ight 8 at 
mast • head, 
serving as a 
beacon. Light-ship. 

dbze ; flse, rflle, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, thS ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)urp, 

by Google 

Digitized b 







ligneous, lig'ng-us, a. wooden ; like wood. 

lignite, Hg'nlt, n. fosBll wood. 

lignam-vitn, lig'num-vl'te, n. a very hard 
and heavy wood. 

like, Ilk, a. equal ; Bimilar.— /?. a Bimilar 
thing or person.— «</». in the same man- 

like. Ilk, v.t. to be pleased with ; enjoy. 

likely, llk'li, a. probable.— «</i;. probably.— 
n. likelihood. [pare. I 

liken, llk'n, v.t. to represent as like ; com-| 

likeneu, llk'nes, n. resemblance; simili- 
tude ; portrait. 

likewise, llk'wiz, adv, in like manner ; also. 

liking, llk'ing, n. inclination ; satisfaction. 

lilae, ll'Iak, n. a flowering shrub ; a pinkish 
purple color. 

lily, lil'i, n. a bulbous-rooted 
flowering plant. 

limb, lim, n. one of the extremi- 
ties of the body ; branch of a 
tree ; an edge or border. 

limber^ lim'ber, a. easily bent ; 
flexible.— 1?.<. to render flex- 

limber, lim'b^r, n. shaft and two 
wheels of a gun-carriage. 

limbo, lira'bO, w. frontier; place of restraint. 

lin^ llm, n. white caustic earth obtained by 
calcining limestone. 

lime, llm, n. a kind of small lemon. 

lime, iTm, n. the linden tree. [stone.] 

lime-kiln, iTm'kil, n. kiln for burning lime-| 

limestone, llm'stOn, «. stone from which lime 
ig obtained bv calcination. 

limit, lim'it, n. boundary ; end ; restriction. 

—v.t. to confine within bounds ; restrain.— 
n. limita'tion. 

limited, lim'it-ed, a. restricted ; narrow. 

limitless, lim'it-les, a. boundless. 

limn, lim, v.t. to draw or paint. 

limn, limp, v.i. to walk lamely.— w. act of 

limp, limp, a. flexible ; pliant. 

limpet, lim'pet, n. small shell-flsh. 

limpid, lim'pid, a. transparent : pure. 

linen-pin, Imch'pin, n. pin which holds a 
wheel on the axle-tree. [leaves. I 

linden, lin'den, n. a tree with heart-shaped! 

line, lln, n. a cord or string ; extended 
mark ; row or rank ; a verse ; trench ; 
limit ; the equator ; occupation ; direc- 
tion ; lineage ; one-twelfth of an inch.— 
v.i. to cover with lines : to cover with 
lining ; cover on the inside. 

lineage, lin'e-aj, n. race ; descent. 

lineal, lin'^-^i, w. composed of lines ; de- 
scended m a direct line.— adt). lineally. 

lineament, lin'e-a-ment, //. outline ; feature. 

linear, lin'£-%r, a. pertaining to lines ; con- 
sisting of lines. 
linen, lin'en, n. cloth made of flax : under- 
clothing.— a. made of flax, or of linen, 
linger, ling'g^r,t?.£. to remain long ; todelay. 
lingual, ling'gw^l, a. pertaining to the 

tongue. [guages.l 

linguist, lin^'gwist, n. one skilled in Tan-| 
lingnistie, ling-gwist'ik, a. pertaining to 

language. [language.! 

lingmsties^ ling-gwistMks, n. the science of| 
liimnent, lin'i-ment, n. a soft ointment 
lining, llri'ing, n. covering of an inner 

link, lingk, n, one of the rings of a chain ; 

part or a series ; connection. — v.t, to unite 

by a link ; connect, 
link, lingk, n. a torch, 
linnet, lin'et, n. small singing-bird, 
linseed, lin'sSd, ji. seed orflax. 
lint, lint, n. flax ; scrapings of linen, 
lintel, lin'tel, n. upper horizontal part of a 

lion, ll'pn, n. a 

large fierce 

quadrup e d 

of the cat 

kind ; sign 

of the zo- 
diac— /tfm. 

lip, lip, w. bor- 
der o f t h e 

mouth; Lion. 

edge ; anything like a lip. 
lippe^ lipt, a. having lips, 
liqaefy, fik'we-fl, v.t. to make liquid ; melt ; 

dissolve.— w. liqaefae'tion. 
liqnenr, Ig-kur', n. an alcoholic cordial, 
liquid, lik'wid, a. flowing ; fluid ; smooth.— 

n. a flowing substance ; a smooth conso- 

nant.— n. liquidity, liq'nidness. 
liquidate, lik'wi-dat, v.t. to pay ; settle.- «. 

liquor, lik'pr, n. a liquid ; strong drink, 
lisp, lisp, v.i. to pronounce " th " for sot z: 

to speak imperfectly.— 1'.<. to pronounce 

with a lisp.— n. act of lisping, 
list, list, w. a border of cloth ; catalogue or 

roll.*— t?.^. to enroll, 
list, list, v.i. to hearken ; listen, 
list, list, v.i. to lean ; incline.— n. a leaning 

or slant to one side, 
listen, lis'n, v.i. to hearken ; attend to. 
listless, list'les, a. careless ; indifferent; 

spiritless. [test 

lists, lists, ground inclosed for a con- 
lit, lit P.p- of li^l [tion. 
litany, lit'^-ni, n. solemn form of supplies- 

flee, air, add, arm, ftsk, ail, visage ; sgvCre, ebb, her, mak^r ; Ice, inn ; Od9r, ox, 6ir, 

d by Google 

Digitized b 




littr, iS't^r, w. a measure of 1.0567 quart. 

Utml, lit'^r-al, a, word for word ; not figu- 
rative ; exact.— ad??, literally. 

literary, lit'^r-9,-ri, a. pertaining to, or versed 
in, learning or literature. 

litwati, lit-^r-a'tT, men of letters or 

literatare, lit'er-a-tdr, n. science of letters or 
learning ; body of literary works. 

litharse, lith'^rj, n. a calx of lead. 

lithe, TkA, a. flexible ; active. 

lithia, lith'i-a, n. oxide of lithium. 

lithnin, lith'i-um, n. a light metal. 

lithograjpli, lith'o-graf, v.L to print from a 
drawing on stone.— n. a print from a draw- 
ing on stone. 

litiioiraphT, lith-og'r^fi, n. art of drawing 
on, ana printing from, stone.— o. lith- 

litigant, lit'i-gant, a. engaged in a lawsuit.— 
n. one engaged in a lawsuit. 

litigate, lit'i-gat, v.t. and v.i. to contest or 
contend in law.— n. liti^a'tion. 

litigious, lit-ij'us, a. inclmed to engage in 

litter, lit'^r, w. a confused collection of arti- 
cles ; heap of straw, etc. ; things scattered 
about ; vehicle with a bed in it ; hand- 
barrow for carrying the sick, etc. ; brood 
of certain quadrupeds.— v.^ to scatter 
carelessly about ; oring forth, as pigs, 

little, lit'l, a. small in size or quantity : con- 
temptible. — comp. lBB».—mperl. leaei— n. 
a small quantity or extent. — adv. to a 
small degree.— /I. Uttlenees. 

litteral, lit'9-r^l, a. pertaining to the sea- 

litnrsy, lit'ur-ji, ti. public service or wor- 
ship ; ritual.— a. litur'gie. 

lire, liv, v.i. to have life ; exist ; last ; sub- 
sist ; dwell ; pass one's time. 

live, iTv, a. living ; active ; burning. 

lireiihood. Ilv'li-hnd, 71. means of living. 

liveleng. iiv'ldng, a. lasting long. 

livdT, llv'li, a. vigorous ; brisk ; vivid.— 
aav. vigorously ; oriskly. 

live-eak. Tlv'Ok, n. an American tree with 
very durable wood. 

liver, liv'^r, n. one who lives ; gland v^hich 
secretes the bile. 

livery, liv'?r-i, n. delivery of possessions ; 
uniform worn by servants; keeping of 
horses for money. 

live-gtoek, ITv'stok, n. animals on a farm, etc. 

Ihii, liv'id, n. of a leaden or purplish color, 
liv'ing, n. subsistence ; benefice, 
liz'flira, n. genus of four-footed scaly 



llama, l&'m^, lyd-'mft, n. S. Ameri- 
can animal of the camel kind. 

lo, 10, int. see ! behold 1 

load, lOd, z;.^. to put 
on, as a burden ; I 
put cargo on 
board ; charge, as 
a gun.— rt. a lad- 
ing or burden; 
weight ; griev- *" 
ance. ^' 

load-star, lod'stftr, Llama. 

Seel0de>8tar. (Asabewt of burden, clipped.) 

loadstone, lode-stone, 

lOd'stOn, n. magnetic iron ore. 
loaf, lOf, n. mass of bread.— ^/. loaves, 
loam, lOm, n. rich, crumbly soil.— a. loamy, 
loan, lOn, n. act of lending ; anything lent. 
loath, loth, see loth. 

loathe, loth, v.t. to abhor ; be disgusted with. 
loathing, lO^A'ing, n. abhorrence ; extreme 

disgust. [detestable; disgusting. I 

loathsome, lO^A'sum, a. exciting abhorrence ;| 
lobby, lob'i, n. a waiting-room ; passage. 
lobbyist, lob'i-ist, n, one who seeks to influ- 
ence legislation in the interest of private 

lobe, lob, n. a 

rounded part 

or division.— a. 

lobster, lob'ster,n. 

crustaceous ma- 

rine animal 

with large claws 

and a tail. 
looaLlO'k^l, a. per- 
taining, or re- Lobster. 

loeality, lo-kari-ti, n. state of being local : 

place. [strict, to a place. 

loealise, -ise, I0'k%l-Tz, v.t. to assign, or re-| 
loeatfr, lo'k&t, v.t. to place ; assign the place 

of. [tion.l 

loeation. lO-ka'shun, n. act of locating ; situa-| 
loeh, lokh, n. lake ; arm of the sea. 
look, lok, n. fastening for a door, etc.; in- 
closed space in a canal ; contrivance for 

dischar^ng a gun.— 1?.<. to fasten with a 

lofck : clasp closely. 
look, lok, n. a tress of hair ; tuft of wool. 
looker, lok'^r, n. closed place that locks. 
loeket, lok'et, n. clasp ; trinket containing a 

small picture, etc. 
lock-jaw, lok'ia, n. disease in which the 

jaws are rigidly closed, 
loek-oat, lok'out, n. temporary closure of a 

factory, etc., to bring the workmen to 


(A)ze ; flse, rflle, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, thB ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)urc. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 




loekmitii, lok'smith, n. a maker or mender 
of locks. 

loeomotioB, lO-ko-mO'shun, n. act or power 
of moving from place to place. 

loeomotiye, lO-ko-mO'tiv, a. moving from 
place to place ; pertaining to locomotion.— 
n .a railway engine. 

loewt, lO'kuBt, n. s 
winged insect de- 
structive to vege- 
tation ; a tree. 

lode, lod, n, a vein Locust 

of ore. 

lode-star. iGd'stftr, n. the pole-star. 

lodge, loj, n. a small house ; place of meet- 
ing of a secret association ; a secret as- 
sociation.— r.^ to^ve shelter to; place; 
lay flat, as grain.— r.i. to reside ; find a 
resting-place. [lodging. I 

lodfer, loi'^r, n. one who hires a room or| 

ledginc, foiling, n. temporary habitation ; 
resting-place for the night. 

lodgment loj'ment, n. act of lodging ; any- 
thing lodged ; fortified position. 

loft, 16ft, n. an elevated fioor ; garret. 

lofty, ICf'ti, a. high ; haughty.— adt?. loftily. 
— ;/. loftinesi. 

log, l<5g, n. a large piece of wood • float to 
measure a ship^s speed ; daily register of a 
ship's course, etc. 

logarnhm, log'^rithm, n. an exponent used 
to facilitate arithmetical calculations. — a. 

log-look, Idg'bnk, n. book containing the 
daily record of a ship's course, etc. 

loggernead, log'^r-hed, n. a dunce ; species 
of turtle. 

logic, loi'ik, n. the art of reasoning correctly. 

logical, loi'ik-^1, a. pertaining to, or accord- 
ing to, lo^c. 

logicMiL lo-jish'an, n. one versed in logic. 

logwood, lOg'w&d, n. a wood yielding a purple 

loin, loin, n. back of an animal cut for food ; 
in pi. lower part of the back above the hips. 

loiter, lol't^r, v.i. to linger ; delay. 

loll, lol, v.i. to lean idly ; hang out, as the 
tongue.— r.<. to thrust out, as the tongue. 

lone, lonely, lOn, lOn^li, a. single ; solitary.— 
n. lonelineu. [loneiomeneu. I 

lonciome, lOn'sum, a. solitary; dreary.— n.| 

long, 16ng, a. extended ; protracted ; tedious. 
—adv. through much space or time. — v.i. 
to desire earnestly. 

longevity, lon-pev'i-ti, n. long life. 

longing. lOng'mg, 7t. craving ; earnest desire. 

longitnu, lon'ji-tfld, n. distance east or west 
of a iiWcn meridian. [lengthwise. I 

lon-ji-tfld'i-n^l, a. extending | 

long-lived, Idng'IIvd, a. living or lasting long, 
long-snfllmng, idng'suf'^r-ing, a. patient.- />. 

look, luk, i\i. to direct the night or attention 

to ; search ; appear.— «.. glance of the eye ; 

appearance ; view, 
looldng-glaes, lak'ing-gl§s, n. a glass mirror. 
lookout, iuk-out, n. a place for observation ; 

a watcher, 
loom, Idbm, n. frame for weaving cloth, etc. 
loom, Idbm, v.i. to appear on the horizon, or 

through a mist 
loon, Idon, n. a genus of . 

loop, Idbp, n. doubling of a 

cord . — t? . <. to a ttach loops 

to ; make a loop in. 

loophole, Idbp'hoi, n. small 
opening in a wall ; means 

of escape. 
looie, Idos, a. unbound ; 

unconfiued ; not strict ; 

licentious.— n. looeenoM. 

—t.t. to release ; relax. 
looien, Idbs'n, v.t. to make 

loose. [end of ; trim. I 
lop, lop, v.t. to cut off thel 
lop-eared. lop'Srd, a. having hanging ears, 
lopsided, lop'sld-ed, a. leaning to one side, 
loqaaeions, lO-kw&'shus, a. talkative.— n. 1«- 


lord, WrS. 

lu, lOrd, n. a master ; ruler • nobleman ; 

the Lord, God.— ?7.i. to plav the superior : 

domineer. [a lord.— n. IndliBesi. 

lordlr Wrd'li, a. pertamin^ to, or befitting 
lordsAip, lOrd'ship, n. dommion ; title given 

to a lord. 
lore, lOr, n. learning, 
lory, lo'ri, n. a biraof the parrot family, 
lose, Idbz, v.t. to be deprived of ; part with ; 

waste ; forfeit ; miss.— ;p.<. and p.p. Iwt 
loss, 168, n. privation ; injury ; defeat ; waste, 
lost, lOst, a. parted with ; forfeited ; miss- 
ing ; wasted ; ruined, [chance ; jwrtion.l 
lot. lot, a. chance ; fortune ; decision bji 
lotn, loth, a. unwilling * reluctant. 
lotion, lO'shun, n. a medicinal wash, 
lottery, lot'^r-i, n. distribution of prizes by 

chance. [— n. leiiinMS.| 

load, loud, a. making a great sound ; noihyJ 
lonnge, lounj, v.i. to recline lazily ; move 

about indolently.— n. act of lounging; 

kind of sofa. 
lonse, lous, n. parasitic insect.— ;>/. lice, 
lent lout, f}. a clownish fellow, 
lovule, luv'^bl, a. worthy of love. 
love, luv, n. fondness ; affection ; the object 

of affection.— u.<. to be fond of; feel 

affection for. 

ftce, air, add, ftrm, §8k, fill, vis^e ; sgvBre, ebb, her, mfik^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, Off, 

d by Google 

Digitized b 




lOTS-lom, luv'lOrn, a. forsaken by one's lover. 

loTtly, luv'li, a. inspiring love ; amiable ; 
beautiful.— n. lovelmess. 

loTtr. luv'^r, n. one who loves ; suitor. 

low, 10, a. not high ; deep • not loud ; cheap ; 
humble ; mean. — adv. low. 

low, 10, v.L to bellow, as cattle. 

lower, lO'^r, v.t. to let down ; depress ; de- 
grade ; lessen. — v.i. to descend ; lessen. 

lowor, lou'er, v.i. to appear gloomy ; frown. 

lowermost, lO'^r-mQst, a. lowest. [land, i 

lowland. lO'land, «,. a low country.— a. low- 
lowly, lO'li, a. humble ; modest.— w. lowli- 
nees. [eign ; true.— n. loyalty. 

loyal, loi'^, a. faithful to the lawful sover- 

loienge, loz'enj, n. rhomb, or dia- 
mond-shaped figure ; small cake 
of sugar, etc. 

InUer, lub'^r, n. a clumsy fellow. 
—a. InUerly. 

Inbrieate, 111'bri-kAt, v.f. to make 

^Bbrieny, Ifl-bris'i-ti, n. slipperi- 
ness ; lewdness. Lozenge. 

Ineent, 111'sent, a. bright ; shining. 

Ineid, Itl'sid, a. shining ; transparent ; clear 

laeUeM. luk'les, a. unfortunate. 

Inok, luk, n. fortune ; chance. 

Ineky, luk'i, a. fortunate. 

laerative, Itl'kr^-tiv, a. profitable. 

luore, Itl'k^r, n. gain ; money. 

Inenbrate, 111'kyfi-brftt, v.i. to study by lamp- 
light. Llamp-light ; careful composition.! 

Ineiuration, lti-ky{i-br3'shun, n. study by| 

lodiennui, Itl'di-krus, a. laughable ; comic. 

lofl; luf , n. windward side of a ship.— ».i. to 
turn a ship toward the wind. 

lag, lug, v.t. to drag ; carry with labor. 

lngcac[e, lug>j, n. a traveller's trunks, etc. 

hupinioas, m-gtl'bri-us, a. mournful ; dismal. 

Inkewarm, Itlk'warm, a. tepid ; indiflferent.— 
n. Inkewannneu. [become quiet, i 

lull, lul, v.i. to quiet ; put to rest.— ».i. to| 

hdlaky, lura-bl, n. song to lull children. 

Inmbako, lum-ba'gO, n. rheumatic pain in 
the loins. 

lombar, Inm'b^r, a. pertaining to the loins. 

lomber, lum'lj^r, n. things useless and cum- 
brous ; sawed timber. — v.L to fill with 
lumber.— «?.t. to move cumbrously. 

luminary, Ifl'mi-n^ri, n. a body that gives 
li^ht. [— n. InminonsneBB. lominos'ity. I 

luninoQS, lll'mi-nus, a. giving light ; lucid. | 

lamp, lump, n. a small shapeless mans ; the 
gross.— ».^. to throw into a mass ; take in 
the eroBS. 

lampuiL lump'ish, a. heavy ; dull. 

Inmpy, Inmp^i, a. full of lumps. 

Innaey, Ifl'n^-si, n. insanity. [the moon.j 

lunar. Itl'nar, a. pertaining to, or caused by,| 

Innatie, Itl'n^-tik, a. insane.—;;, an insane 

lunation, la-na'shun,??. period of the moon's 
revolution about the earth. 

Inneh. luucli, n. repast between breakfast 
and dinner.- v.i. to take lunch. 

Inneheon, lunch'un, n. lunch. 

long, lung, n. organ of breathing. 

Innge, Innj, n. a thrust. 

Inm, lurch, n. sudden roll of a ship ; de- 
serted condition.— v.i. to roll or pitch to 
one side. 

lure, Iflr, n. an enticement.— v.^. to entice. 

lurid, Ifl'rid, a. ghastly in hue ; dismal. 

lurl^ lurk, v.i. to lie in wait ; be concealed. 

luaoious. lush'us, a. delicious ; oversweet. 

lustre, lus'ter, n. brightness ; a candlestick 
with pendants.— a. lustrous. 

lustral^ lus'tr^l, a. pertaining to purification. 

lustration, lus-trft'shun, n. purification. 

lusMn|:, lutestring, lus'tring, n. glossy silk 

lusty. Ins'ti, a. vigorous ; robust. 

lute, Itlt, n. stringed instrument of music ; 
clayey cement. — v.t. to cement with lute. 

Lutheran, Ifl'th^r-^n, a. pertaining to Luther 
or his doctrines.— w. one who holds the 
doctrines of Luther. [luza'tion. I 

luxate, luks'at, v.t. to put out of joint.— w.| 

luxuriant, luk-shflr'i-^nt, lug-zhur'-, a. exu- 
berant in growth.— «.. luxurianee. 

luxuriate, luK-shfir'i-fit, lug-zhfir^, v.i. to 

frow exuberantly ; live luxuriously ; take 
elight in. 

luxury, luk'shur-i, a. indulgence in pleas- 
ure ; sensuality ; anything delicious ; de- 
light ; a dainty. 

lyeeum, ll-sCum, n. an association for liter- 
aiy improvement ; place where lectures 
are delivered. 

lye, IT, n. alkaline solution made from ashes. 

lymph, limf. n. water ; colorless animal fluid. 

lymphatie, limf-at'ik, a. pertaining to lymph. 
—n. vessel which conveys lymph. 

lynch, linch, v.t. 
to punish with 
death, or other- 
w i s e corpore- 
ally, without le- 
gal trial. 

lynch-law, linch'- 
1 a , n. act or 
custom of lynch- 

lynx, lingks, n. 
wild ammal of 
the cat kind. Lynx. 

dbze ; flse, rflle, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, thB ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

Digitized by V3OOQIC 




lyre, llr, n. an ancient stringed instrument 
played by the hand ; a lyre-shaped instru- 
ment of metallic bars struck with small 
hammers, used 
in military 

lyre-bird, 1 1 r ' - 
berd, 71. an 
bird with Ivre- 
shaped tail. 

lyric, lyrical, lir'- 
ik, -5J, a. per- 
taining to the 
lyre ; intend- 
ed to be sung ; 
expressing the 
emotions of 
the poet. — n. 
a Ivric poem. 

lyrift, ll'rist, n. 
a player on 
the lyre ; lyric 

M, m, em, thirteenth letter of the alphabet ; 
as a Roman numeral, 1000. 

mMftdamiie. -isc, mak-ad'%m-Tz, v.t. to cover, 
as a road, with small broken stones. 

mMVoni, mak-^rO'ni, n. paste of wheat 
flour made into tubes ; a medley ; a fop. 

maetroon, mak-^-rdbn', n. a kind of cake. 

macaw, ma-kft', n. genus of American parrots. 

mace, m&s, n. a metallic club ; ensign of au- 
thority ; aromatic inner coat of the nut- 
meg, [by steeping.— w. macera'tien. j 

macerate, mas'^r-at, v.t. to make lean ; soften | 

machinate, makM-nat, v.t. to contrive ; plot. 

machinatioB, mak-i-na'shun, n. contrivance ; 
plot ; intrigue. [ism ; contrivance.] 

machine, mft-shCn', n. a piece of mechan-| 

machinery, mft-shfin'^r-i, n. machines in 
general; parts of a machine, [machines., 

machinist, ma-shfin'ist, n. a constractor ol 

mackerel, mak'^r- 
el, n. a sea-ftsh. 

mackintceh, mak'- 
in-tosh, w. a 
outer garment. Mackerel. 

mad, mad. a. in- 
sane ; nirious ; rabid. — adv. madly.— w. 

madam, mad 'am, n. form of address to a lady. 

madcap, mad'kap, n. a rash, hot-headed, or 
frolicsome person. [come, mad. I 

*^ n, mad'n, r.l. and v.i. to make, or be-| 

M««>, mad'^r, n. plant whose root yields a 
red dye. 

J mad, 2^.1. and p.p. of 

madeira, mft-dfi'rft, -da^-, n. a rich wine made 

at Madeira. [persons. I 

madhoose, mad'hous, n. a house for insane | 
madman, mad'm^u, n. one who is mad ; a 

lunatic— /«m. madwoman. 
Madonna, m^don'uft, w. the Virgin Mary, or 

a picture representing her. 
madrif^ maa'ri-g^l^ n. a pastoral son^ ; 

sprightly lyric ; piece of vocal music in 

five or six parts, 
mafanne. mag-a-zCn', n. a storehouse, esn. 

for military stores or gunpowder ; pumpn- 

let published periodically, 
macenta, ma-jen't^ n. a purplish crimson 

dye, or color. [crotchet.! 

maggot, mag'pt, n. larva of the fly ; a gmb :| 
maggot^, mag'9t-i, a. full of maggots 

crotchety. [sian religion, 

magi, ma'jl, n.jil. priests of the ancient Per- 
magian, ma'ji-^n, a. pertaining to the mag^ 

or their doctrines.— «. one of the magi; 

a believer in their doctrines, 
magic, maj'ik, n. enchantment ; sorcery ; 

ju^lery.— a. magic, magical, 
magician, ma-jish^j^n, n. one skilled in magic. 
magic-lanteriL maj'ik-lan't^rn, n. instrument 

for projecting enlarged figures on a screen, 
magisterial, ma1-is-te'ri-^l, a. authoritative, 
magistracy, maj'is-tr^si, ;/. oftlce of a magis- 
trate ; body of magistrates, 
magistrate, maj'is-trat, n. a public civil ofSi- 

cer ; justice of the peace. 
Magna Carta [Charta], mag-n^ kftr'ta, n. the 

(treat Charier signed by King John, a.d. 

magnanimity, mag-n^uim'i-ti, n. greatness 

of soul ; nobleness ; generosity. — a. trng" 

nan'imons. [rank or wealth. I 

magnate, mag'nat, n. man distinguished by| 
magnesia^ mag-n6'zhi-;^ n. a fine white earth ; 

medicine prepared trom it. 
magnesium, mag-n6'zi-um, n. a light white 

metal burning with a brilliant light, 
magnet, mag'net, n. the lode-stone ; piece of 

iron or steel having the properties of the 

lode-stone, viz.: attracting iron and point- 
ing to the poles, 
magnetic, magnetical, mag-net'ik, -^, a. per- 
taining to, or having the properties of , the 

magnet ; attractive, 
magnetism, ma^'net-izm, n. properties of the 

magnet ; their cause ; science which treats 

of them ; attraction, [magnetic ; attract.! 
magnetise, -ise, mag'net-Iz, v.t. to render | 
magniflc, mag-nif'ik, a. splendid ; great ; 


ace, air, add, arm, ask, all, visage ; sevCre, ebb, her, mak^r ; Ice, inn ; Od^r, ox, 6fL, 

d by Google 

Digitized b 



magnifietiit, mag- 

nif i-sent, a. 

8i)lendid ; illus- 
trious; grand. — 

n. magmfieenee. 
magnify-, mag'ni fT, 

r.t. to exalt ; en- 
ma^uloquent, mag- 

nil'o-kwent, a. 

bombastic in style. 

—n. magniloiaenee. 
magnitade, mag'ni- 

tfld, n. greatness ; 

size ; importance, 
magnolia, mag-nol'- 

i-ft, n. genus of Magnolia. 

flowering trees, 
ma^ia, mag'pl, n. a parti-colored 

bird alli^ to the crow, 
mahlatiek, m£U'stik, n. a paim 

er's hand-rest. 
mahoganj, mft-hog'a-ni, n. 

a tropical tree ; Its wood. 
Hahemetan, m§-hom'et-an, 

see Mohammedan, 
maid, mfld, n. an un- 
married woman ; vir- 
gin ; female servant, 
maidon, mftd'n^ n. a 

young unmarried wo- 
man. —«. pertaining 

to a maiden ; pure ; 

fresh ; first. 
maidan-hair. mad'n-har, 

n. a slender fern. 
maidenhood, mfld'n-hud, n. state or time of 

being a maiden. 
mudenlj, mftd'n-li, a. like, or befitting, a 

maiden ; modest. 
mail, mfil, n- defensive armor of metal. 
mail, mal, n. bag for conveying letters : 

quantity of letters conveyed ; means of 

conveying letters.— ».<. to put into the 

mail ; send by mail, 
mailed, maid, p.p. and a. armed in mail. 
maun, mflm, n. an injury ; mutilation.— v.<. 

to injure ; cripple ; mutilate. 

in, mftn, a. chief ; principal.— a^/v. mainly. 
-n. the chief part ; the ocean. 

inland, mftn'land, n. a continent. 
mainmaai, m&n'm§st, n. the principal mast 

in a vessel. [mast. I 

mtjwiail, mSn'sftl, n. lowest sail of the main- 
maina^ring, mftn'spring, n. the principal 

spring of any machinery, esp. of a watch. 
mamatoy, mftn'sta, n. stay of the mainmast. 
■iiJiit^iw mftn-tftn^ v.t. to uphold ; keep ; 

keep up ; support ; affirm.— t;.i. to affirm. 



(Ear, and top of stalk.) 

maintenance, man'ten-nns, n. support; con- 
tinuance ; defense. 

maiolica, majoliea, m^yol'i-kft. n. a kind of 
enamelled earthenware with colored deco- 

maiie, m&z, n. Indian 

miyesty. maj'es-ti, n. 
grandeur ; digiiity ; 
title of sovereigns. 
—a. mijee'tie. 

mi^or, m ft ' j 9 r , a. 
greater.— «,. a per- 
son of full age ; 
military officer next 
above a captain. 

minority, m^jor'i-ti, 
n. the ^eater num- 
ber; difference be- 
tween two num- 
bers ; full age ; office of a major. 

make, mftk, v.t. to form : produce ; cause to 
be ; compel ; gain ; attain.— r.i. to tend ; 
contribute.— p.<. and p.p. made.— ». shape i 
texture. [Maker, the Creator. 

maker, mftk'^r, n. one who makes ; the| 

makeanift, mftk'shift, n. a temporary ex- 

malachite, mal'a-kit, n. a green ore of copper, 
which takes a fine polish. 

maladminiatration, mal-ad-min-is-trft'shun, n. 
bad management. 

malady, mal'a-di, n. disease ; illness. 

malaga, mal'a-ga, n. a Spanish wine. 

malapert, mal'a-pert, a. pert ; saucy. 

malaria, mal-ar'i-a, n. exhalations of marshes, 
etc., producing fever.— a. malarions, mal- 
arial, [n. one who is discontented.! 

maloontent, mal'kpn-tent, a. discontented.— I 

male, mftl, n. one of the sex that begets 
young.— a. pertaining to the male sex ; 

maledieiion, mal-£-dik'shun, n. a curse. 

maleflaetor, mal-g-fak'tpr, 71. a criminal. 

malevolent, mal-ev'o-lent, a. wishing evil ; 
malignant.— n. malevolence. 

malfeasanee, mal-fS'z^ns, -fft'-, w. evil-doing. 

malformation, mal-fdr-mft'shun, n. defective 
formation ; deformity. 

malice, maPis, n. ill-will; spite.— a. mali'eiona. 

malign. m^-lTn\ a. malicious ; unfavorable. 
—v.t. to speak evil of. 

malignant, mft-lig'n^nt, a. malicious ; bitterly 
hostile ; dangerous to life. 

malignity, m^-lig'ni-ti, n. malice ; extreme 
ill-will ; virulence. 

malinger, mft-ling'g^r, v.i. to feign inability 
or siCKness. — n. malingerer. 
-" — mal'i-z9n, «. a curse. 

dbze ; Use, rfile, pull, ijp ; oil, out ; thin, tM ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

Digitized by V3OOQ IC 





mall, mai, n. a heavy wood- 
en hammer; a beetle, 

mall, mal, mel, n. a public 

mallard, mal'^rd, n. a 
drake ; t^pecies of waterfowl. 

malleable, mal'e-^bl, a. that may be extended 
by hammering.— w. malleabil'ity. 

mallet, mal'et, n. a wooden hammer. 

mallow, mal'O, n. a plant with downy leaves. 

malmsey, mftm'zi, n. a rich sweet wme. 

malodorens, mal-OMpr-us, a. having an offen- 
sive odor, [criminalpractice.! 

malpraetiee, mal-prak'tis, n. improper or| 

malt, mait, n. grain partially germinated, 
for use in brewing. 

maltreat. mal-tr6t', v.t. to treat ill ; abuse,— 
n. maltreatment. 

malyersatioB, mal-v^r-sft'shun, n. evil con- 
duct ; corruption in office. 

mama, mamma, mft-mA,% n. mother : a word 
used by children. [its young. | 

mammal ^ mam'^l, n. an animal that suckles | 

mammalia, ma-mft'li-^, the whole class 
of mammals. 

mammon, mam'pn, n. riches. 

mammoth, mam'pth, n. an extinct species of 
elephant.— a. gigantic ; huge. 

man, man, n. a human being ; adult human 
male ; the human race.— p/. men.— f?.^ to 
supply with men ; to strengthen. 

manacle, man'^-kl, n. a shackle for the 
wrist.— v.^, to put manacles on. 

manage, man'^j, v4. to conduct ; control ; 
contrive. — v.i. to conduct affaira ; contrive. 

manageable, man'^j-a-bl, a. that may be 

management, man'^j-ment, n. act of man- 
aging ; conduct ; contrivance ; adminis- 
tration, [conductor ; director.! 

manager, man'SLj-^r, n. one who manages;! 

manatee, man-a-tC, 71. a sea-cow. 

mandamos, man-da'mus, n. a writ to compel 

mandarin, man'da-rfin, n. a Chinese governor. 

mandate, man'dat. n. an order ; official com- 
mand.— a. mandatory. 

mandible, man'di-bl, n. a jaw. 

mandolin, man'dp-Iin, n. a kind of small late 
strung with 

mane, man, n. 
the neck of 
a quadru- 
pea. Mandolin. 

manes, m&'nSz, 
n. departed souls. [adv. maniUly. I 

manftil, man'ful. — a. bold ; courageous. — | 

manganese, man'g^n-Gs, n. a grayish white 

metal. [mangy. | 

mange, mftnj, n. the itch on animals.— a. | 

mangel- wuriel, mang' gl - wur' zl, mangold- 

wnrsel, mang'gOld-, w. kind of large coarse 

bet^t. [and cattle. I 

manger, man'j^r, n. eating-trough for horse«| 

mangle, mang'gl, v.t. to cut to pieces ; tear 

in cutting; mutilate; to smooth with a 

mangle. — n. machine for smoothing linen. 

mango, mang'gO^ n. fruit of a tropical tree - 

green melon pickled. [ing in swamps. 

mangrove, man'grOv, n. a tropical tree grow-j 

munole, man'hOl, n. opening to admit a man. 

anhood, man'h&d, n. state of being a man . 

adult age ; manliness. [fondness. 

mft'ni-ft, n. madness ; inordinate 

i-ak, n. a madman.— 

I, mft'ni 

manifest, man'i-fest, a. apparent ; evident.— 
adv. muiifestly. — v.t. to make clear or evi- 
dent ; exhibit. — w. list of a ship's cargo. 

manifestation, man-i-fest-S'shun. »?. disjuay: 
exhibition. [or intentions. 

uumifeBto, man-i-fest'O, ;;. public declaration! 

manifold, man'i-fold, a. many ; various. 

manikin, man'i-kin, v. a dwarf ; model of 
the human body. 

manipulate, man-ip'yu-lat, v.t. to handle; 
work with the h&nde.—v.i. to use the 
hands.— 7?. manipnla'tion. 

mankind, man-kind', fi. the human race. 

manly, man'li, a. like, or befitting, a man ; 
courageous ; noble.— n. manliness. 

manna, man'^, //. food miraculously sup- 
plied to the Hebrews ; sweetish excretion 
from various trees. 

manner, man'^r, n. mode ; style ; custom ; 
in pi. behavior. 

mannerism, man'^r-izm, n. peculiar, artificial 
mode or style. 

mananvre, m^nfi'v^r, n. stratagem ; device ; 
adroit military movement.— e./. to manage 
with art.— ».i. to perform manoeuvres. 

man-of-war, man-pf-wSr', n. a war-vessel. 

manor, man'pr. n. landed estate of a noble- 
man ; domain.— o. mano'riaL 

manse, mans, n. a parsonage-house. 

mansion, man'shun, n. large dwelling-house. 

manslaughter, man'sl&'t^r. v. killing of a 
person without premeditation. 

mantel, man'tl, mantelpieee, -p^s, n. shelf 
above a fireplace. 

mantilla, man-til'a, n. a woman*s li^fht cloak. 

mantis, man'tis, n. an insect allied to the 

mantle, man'tl, n. a loose garment ; cloak.— 
v.t. to cloak ; cover.— r. I. to spread ; foam ; 

ace, air, add, arm, ask, ail, visiaige ; sgvCre, ebb, h6r, mak^r ; Ice, inn ; Od^r, ox, 6flE, 

Digitized byVjOOQlC 




Butlet, mAiitelet, mantelet, n. a small cloak : 
movable parapet. 

BUitii»-iiiak«r, maut'yn-a-mftk'^r. n. ladies^ 
drese-maker. ^ [hand.— 7t. a handbook. I 

MWW'<»T, man'yu-^l^ a. performed by the| 

mumflMtory, man-yu-fak'lo-ri, n. place where 
goods are manufactured. ^ 

mionfMtan, man-^-fak'tyur, v.t. to make 
from raw materials into a form suitable 
for use.— n. process of manufacturing ; 
anything manufactured. 

muiiUMtimr, man-yu-fak'tyur-^r, n, one 
who manufactures, 

manumit, man-yu-mit', v.t. to set free, as a 
slave. — n. muiiimis'iion. 

maamre, ma-n11r% n. any substance that en- 
riches land.— i?.<. to apply manure to. 

maanseript, man'yu-skript, a. written by 
hand.— «. book or paper written by hand. 

many, men'i, a. not few ; numerous.— ». a 
great number ; the people. 

map, map, n. representation of the earth, or 
any part of it, or of the celestial sphere, on 
a plane surface. — v.t. to draw, as on a map. 

maple, mft'pl, n. a ^enus of forest trees. 

mar, milr, v.t. to injure ; spoil ; disfl^re. 

marasohino, mar-as-ke'no, n. a cordial pre- 
pared from cherries, [der.— n. marauder. I 

maraud, ma-r&d', v.i. to rove inquest of plun-| 

marUe, raar'bl, n. kind of fine hard lime- 
stone ; anything made of marble ; small 
ball used as a plaything. — a. of, or like, 
marble.— ».<. to vein or variegate like 

Ibreli, march, n. third month of the year. 

mareh, mftrch, v.i. to move in order, as sol- 
diers. — v.t. to cause to march.— «. act of 
marching ; distance marched ; music to 
regulate a march. 

mareh. mftrch, n. a boundary ; frontier. 

marehionets, m&r'shun-es, n.fem. of marquis. 

mare, mar, n. female of the horse. [ginaL I 

mar|^ mftr'jin, n. edge ; border. — a. mar-| 

■largnerite, mftr-ge-rCt', n. a daisy. 

mangold, marM-gOld, n. plant bearing a yel- 
low flower. 

marine^ mft-rCn', a. pertaining to the sea.— ». 
soldier serving on shipboard ; navy or 
shipping of a country. 

mariner, mar'i-ner, n. a seaman. 

marital, mar'i-t^l,^. pertaining to a husband. 

maritime, mai-'i-tim, a. pertaining to the sea 
or naval affairs ; near the sea. 

marieram, mftr'jp-r^m^ 7i. an aromatic plant. 

marlc, mSrk, n. a vinible nigrn ; indication ; 
thing aimed at ; distinction. — i\t. to make 
a mark upon ; take notice of. , 

market, mar'ket, w. public place for traffic ; 
sale.— r.i. to deal in a market. 

marketable, mtir'ket-^-bl, a. fit for sale. 

marksman, marks'm^n, n. one who shoots 
accurately. [manure. — a. marly. I 

marl, mftrl, v. decomposed fossils used for| 

marline, mftr'lin, n. small two-stranded cord. 

marline-spike, mar'lin-splk, n. pointed iron 
tool for splicing, etc. 

marmalade, m&r'ma-lSd, n. a jam or preserve 
of fruit boiled with sugar. 

marmoset, mar-mo-zet', n. a small squirrel- 
like species of monkey. [animal! 

marmot, mftr'm^t, n. a burrowing rodent | 

maroon, mft-rdbn', a, brownish crimson. 

maroon, m^-rdbn', v.t. to put on shore on a 
desolate island. 

maroon, mft-rdbn', n. fugitive slave in the 
mountains of the West Indies. 

marqne, mSrk, n. license to capture an ene- 
my's ships. 

marqnee, mar-ke\ n. a large field-tent 

marquetry, mftr'ket-ri, n. inlaid work on 

marquis, mftr'kwis, n. nobleman next in 

rank below a duke.— /(?m. marehioness. 
at, n. n 
i marquis. [dedstate.l 

of a mar 

mar'kwiz-ftt, n. rank or lordship 

marriage, mar'ij, w. act of marry mg ; wed-| 

marriageable, mar'ij-^bl, a. of a suitable age 
for marrying. 

marrow, mar'O, n. fatty enbatance in a bone. 

marry, mar'i, v.t. to take as a husband or 
wire ; unite in matrimony. — v.i. to enter 
into wedlock. [—a. marshy, j 

marsh, marsh, n. a swamp : low, wet ground.! 

marshaL mar'shal, ii. a chief military com- 
manaer ; a civil officer ; master of cere- 
monies.—?;.^, to arrange in order. 

marsupial, mar-sll'pi-^l, a. having a pouch to 
shelter the young, as the opossum. 

mart, mart, v. a market ; place of trade. 

marteiL mart'en, n. a species of weasel. 

martial mar'sh^l, a, warlike ; brave, [kind. I 

martin, mart'in, n. a bird of the swallow | 

martinet, mar-ti-net', n. a rigid discipli- 

martingale, mart'in-gal, -g^l, n. strap to hold 
down the head of a horse ; spar under a 
ship's bowsprit. 

martlet, mart'let, n. a martin. 

martyr, mar't^r, n. one who suflfers death 
for his belief ; a suflFerer.— r.^ to put to 
death for one's belief. 

martyrdom, mar't^r-d^m, n. sufferings or 
death of a martyr. [martyrs. I 

martyrology, mar-t^r-ol'p-ji, n. history of| 

marvel, nuir'v^l, n. a wonder. ~rt. marvellous, 
marvelous.- v.i. to wonder. 

maseuline, mas^kyb-lin, a. male ; manly ; like 
a man. 

<A)ze ; Use, rfile, pftll, up ; oil, out ; thin, 

th^ ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; c^ip, az(zh)ure. 
Digitized by vaOOQlC 




mash, mash, v.t, to beat into a mass ; crash. 
—n. a soft beaten mixture ; mixture of 
malt and hot water. 

mask, m^k, n. a cover for the face ; disguise. 
—v.t. to cover the face with a mask ; dis- 
guise ; hide.— 1;.£. to wear a mask. 

niMon, mft'sn, n. a builder in stone ; free- 
mason, [masonry. I 

masonie, m^-son'ik, a. pertaining to free-| 

m;^onr7, mA'su-ri, n. craft or work of a 
mason ; freemasonry. [masked actors. I 

masqae, m§sk, n. dramatic performance by| 

masqnerade, mas-k^r-3d' n. assembly of per- 
sons wearing masks ; disguise. — v.i. to join 
in a masquerade. [matter ; assemblage. I 

mass, m§s, n. a lump ; bulk ; quantity of | 

mass, nifts, n. the Lord's Supper m the Cath- 
olic Church. 

massacre, mas'a-k^r, n. indiscriminate 
slaughter ; carnage.— t;.^ to slaughter. 

massive, masMv, massy, mas'i, a. bulky ; 
heavy.— n. massiyeness ; massiness. 

mast, m§st, n. upright pole sustaining the 
yards, etc., of a ship. 

mast, mftst, n. fruit of the oak, beech, etc. 

master, m^s't^r, n. a raler ; owner ; teacher ; 
employer ; degree in universities ; one of 
distinguished skill in anything ; title of 
address, esp. to a youth. — v.t. to become 
master of ; conquer ; become skilful in. — 
a. (in compounds) chief ; excellent 

'-key, mfts't^r-kS, «. key that opens 

many locks. [skilful . I 

masterly, m^s't^r-li, a. befitting a master ; | 
master-piece, m^'t^r-p6s, n. work of superior 

skill ; best performance, 
mastery, mfts'ter-i, n. dominion ; superiority : 

eminent skill. [a kind of cement, 

mastie, mas'tik, w. resin of the lentisk tree ;| 
mastieate, mas'ti-kat, v.t. to chew.— n. mas- 

mastiff, m^s'tif, 

n. a large fierce 

mastodon, mas'to- 
dpn, n, extinct 
animal reiBe>m- 
bllng the ele- 

mat, mat. n. a text- 
ure of rushes, '^"^""^^ -1^5^ -^i^l 
straw, or other j^astlfl. 
coarse fibres.— 
v.t. to cover with mats ; entangle. 

mateh, mach, n. an equal ; counterpart ; 
contest ; marriage ; splinter of wood for 
lighting ; rope for firmg cannon.— v. ^ to 
be the equal or counterpart of ; to pair. — 
v.i. to be similar, or equal. 

matehless, mach'l^s, a. unequalled, 
matehloek, mach'lok, n. musket fired by 

means of a match, 
mate, mat, n, a companion ; one of a pair ; 

second oflicer of a merchant ship ; check- 
mate.— v.i. to match; pair ; checkmate, 
material, m{|-t6'ri-^l, n. consisting of matter; 

not spiritual ; important.— «. substance of 

which anything is made, 
materialism, m§-t6'ri-fl-izm, n. doctrine 

which denies the existence of anything 

but matter. 
materialist, mft-t6'ri-al-ist. n. one who holds 

the doctrine of materialism, 
maternal, m^-ter'n^l, a. motherly. 
maternity, m^t6r'ni-ti, n. state, character, or 

relation of a mother. 
mathematietan, math'^-ma-tish-^n, n. one 

versed in mathematics, 
mathematiei, math-e-mat'iks, n. the science 

of number and quantity.— a. mathematie, 

matin, mat'in, a. morning ; early. 

matinte, mat-in-&'^ n. a theatrical or other 
entertainment given in the daytime. 

matins, mat'inz, n.jjl. morning worship. 

matriee, mat'ris, matrix, mat'riks, mi,'-, n. 
a mould; cavity in which anything is 
formed. [derer, of a mother.! 

matoicide, mat'ri-sld, n. murder, or mur-| 

matriculate, mft-trik'yu-iat, v.t. to admit to 
membership, as in a college.— n. matric- 
nla'tion. [to membership.' 

matriculate, mft-trik'yu-lat, n. one admitted 

matrimony, mat'ri-mpn-i, n. marriage.— «. 

matron, ma'trpn, n. a married woman; 
elderly woman ; nurse in a hospital.— «. 
matronal. [matron.! 

matronly, mft'trpn-li, a. like, or befitting, a| 

matter, mat'^r, «. substance of which bodies 
are composed ; subject : affair ; impor- 
tance ; pus.— t;.i. to be of consequence ; 
signify. [texture of rushes, straw, etc. 

matung, matting, n. materials for mats ;, 

mattock, mat'9k, n. pickaxe 
with a broad blade. 

mattress, matures, n. bed 
stuffed with hair, husks, 

maturate, mat'yu-rat, v.t. to 
ripen.— n. matnra'tion. 

mature, mft-tflr', a. full- 
grown ; ripe ; perf ected.— w . i 
v.t. to ripen ; perfect.— r.i. to become 
ripe ; fall due. [ness ; time of falling due. I 

matority, nift-tfl'n-ti, 7). ripeness ;complete-| 

matatinal, mat-yu-tl'n^l, mft-tfi'ti-nal, a. in 
the morning ; early. 


ace, air, add, firm, ask, fill, vis^ige ; sgv6re, ebb, her, mak^r ; Ice, inn ; Od^r, ox, 6ff, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 




mSd'lin, a. weakly sentimental ; 

foolish from drinking. 
Buagre, ma'g^r, pt^p. in spite of. 
BMU, maU ;/.. a heavy wooden hammer (see 

mii\).—c.t. to beat ; ill-treat. 
mAiuoleiun, ma-s<;>-16'um, n. a stately tomb. 
mAnre, mOv, n. a purple dye.— a. of the color 

of mauve. 
Biaw, m&, n. the stomach, esi). of a beast. 
mawkigh) m&k'ish, a. somewhat disgusting 

in tiiste. [jaw. I 

m&ziUwy, maks'i-l^-ri, a. pertaining to the| 
m&zim, maks'im, n. a general prmciple ; 

majdmnm, maks'i-mum, a. the greatest.— ^i. 

the greatest pumber, quantity, or degree. 

—pi. mudsuL 
M»y, ma, n. the fifth month of the year. 
in*y. ma, v.i. to be able : to be possible, or 

allowed.— ;?.<. might, [or its edible fruit. I 
may-apple, ma'ap-1, ii. a N. American plant, | 
May-daj^ mft'da, n. first day of May. 
mayoniuuse, mft-pn-az', n. a sauce of eggs 

beaten up with salad oil ; a dish dressed 

with this sauce. [or borough. I 

mayor, ma'pr, n. chief magistrate of a city] 
mayoralty, ma'pr-^l-ti, n. office of a mayor, 
mayoress, ma'pr-es, n. wife of a mayor, 
maie, maz, n. a labyrinth ; perplexity.— a. 

muj.—v.t to bewilder. 
mararKa, m^-z^r'ka, n. a Polish dance or the 

music for it. 
me, m6, pron. objective case of I. 
mead, m6d, n. beverage of honey and water 

mead, med, n. a meadow. 
meadow, med'O, n. a pasture-ground. 
meacre, mS'g^r, a. lean ; poor ; scanty. 
mei^ m61, n. grain ground but not bolted. 
meal, mSl, n. food taken at one time ; a 

repast. • [meal. I 

mealy, mSPi, a. like meal ; sprinkled withj 
mean, mSn, a. middle ; average ; low ; hum- 
ble ; base ; sordid. — n. meanness. — w. a 

middle point, quantity, value, or degree ; 

mean, mSn, v.t. to intend ; signify.— r.i. to 

have in the mind.— p.t. and j).p. meant, 
meander, mg-an'd^r, n. a winding course.- 

v.i. to nm in windings. [tion.l 

meaning, mSn^ng, n. mtention ; sigmfica-j 
means, mSnz, instrument : income 

estate. [adv. in the intervening time, 

meantime, mSn'tTm, meanwhile, mSn'whll. 
measles, mSz'lz, n. an eruptive disease.— a. 

measly. [measured ; moderate. I 

measurable, mezh'ur-a-bl, a. that may be| 
measoraUy, mezh'ur-iib-li, adv. to a moder- 
ate degree. 

, mezh'ur, n. expression, or standard, 
of extent ; extent ; stated quantity ; de- 
gree ; moderation ; metre ; musical time ; 
means to an end.— v.t. to ascertain the di- 
mepsions of ; adjust ; allot.— t\i. to have 
a certain extent. 

measured, mezh'urd^ a. uniform ; restricted. 

measnrement, mezh^ur-ment, n. act of meas- 
uring ; dimensions. 

meat, m6t, n. food ; flesh for food. 

meehanie, mg-kan'ik, n. an artisan. 

meehanie, meehanieal, mg-kan^ik, -^1. a. per- 
taining to machines or mechanics ; done 
by, or as if by, a machine ; acting by 
physical force.— adv. meehanieally. 

meehanieian, mek-an-ish'^n, meehanist, mek'- 
an-ist, n. one skilled in mechanics or ma- 

meehanies, mg-kan'iks, 7^ science which 
treats of the action of forces on masses ; 
science of machines. » [machine. 

meohanism, mek'^n-izm, n. structure of a| 

medal, med'^I, n. piece of metal like a coin, 
bearing a device. 

medallion, me-dal'yun, n. large medal ; cir- 
cular tablet with figures. 

medallist, med'^l-ist, n. one skilled in med- 
als ; one who has gained a medal. 

meddle, med'l, v.i. to interfere ; have to do. 

meddlesome, medM-si\m, a. given to meddling. 

medimval, medieval, mS-di-6'v^l, a. pertaining 
to the middle ages. 

medial, me'di-^1, a. middle ; noting a mean. 

mediate, mS'di-at, v.i. to interpose amicably. 
—n. media'tion. [means.— adt;. mediately. 

mediate, mS'di-^t, a. middle ; acting by| 

mediator, mS'di-fi-tpr, ti. one who mediates : 
intercessor.— a. mediato'riaL [or healing. 

medieal, med'i-k^l, a. pertaining to medicine] 

medieament, med'i-ka-ment. w. a medicine. 

medieate, med'i-kat, v.t. to treat with medi- 
cine ; render meaicinal. 

medicine, med'i-sin, w. a remedy for disease ; 
the art of h<jaling.— «. medie^inal. 

medioerity, mg-di-ok'ri-ti, n. a middle state 
or condition.— a. medioere (-O'kr). 

meditate, med'i-tat, v.i. and v.i. to consider 
thoughtfully ; to purpose. 

meditation, med-i-ta^shun, n. deep thought ; 
continued reflection. —a. meditative. 

medium, mS'di-um, n. middle place or de- 
gree ; anything which intervenes or trans- 
mits ; means ; substance in which a body 
exht».— pi. media, mediums. [its fruit. I 

medlar, med'lar, //. a European fruit-tree ;| 

medley, med'l i, ?/. confused mixture ; mis- 

medollar, me-dul'ar, medollary, med'ul-^-ri, 
a. of, or resembling, marrow or pith. 

tfoze ; tlse, rfile, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, <AC ; 

get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 
Digitized by LjOOQIC 




, med, n. reward ; recompense. 
, mCk, a. mild ; gentle ; humble. 

meenehanm, mCr'gh&m, mar'shoum, n. a fine 
white clay, or a pipe made of it. 

meet, m6t, a. fit; suitable.— ae/v. meetly.— 
v.t. to encounter ; find.— i\i. to come to- 
gether.- ;>.<. and p.p. met. 

meeting, mCt'ing, n. an interview ; assembly. 

megrim, mS'grim, n. pain in the side of the 
head ; headache. 

melaaehol7, mel'an-kol-i, n. dejection of 
spirits 5 sadness.— a. gloomy ; sad. 

mdjueholie, mel'an-kol-fk, a. affected with 

mil^ me-la% ii. a general hand-to-hand fight. 

meliortte, mel'i-9-rftt, v.t. to make better.— ». 

mellifluent, mel-lif'lu-ent, mellifluous, mel-lif- 
lu-ns, a. sweetly flowing.— n. melliflnenee. 

mellow, mel'O, n. soft with ripeness. — n. 
mellowneu.— t;.^ and t\i. to soften or be- 
come soft with ripeness or age. 

mdodnuna, mel'p-drft-ma, melMnune, mel'o- 
dram, n. a theatrical performance with 
songs.— r{. melodrunat'ie. 

melody, mel'9-di, n. an agreeable succession 
of musical sounds ; tune ; music. — a. me- 

melon, meP9n, n. a vine and its fruit. 

melt, melt, v.t. to dissolve ; make liquid ; 
soften.— ?>.i. to dissolve ; become liquid or 

member, mem'b^r, n. limb of the body ; 
component part ; one of a society or legis- 
lative body. [a member. I 

membership, mcm'b^r-ship, n. state of being! 

membrane, mem'brSn, n. a thin skin or natu- 
ral tissue.— a. membranous, membrana'eeous. 

memento, mg-men'to, n. something which 
reminds ; memorial. 

memoir, mem'wor, n. written account of 
things remembered ; biographical sketch • 
record of researches. [membrance. 

memorable, mem'9-r^-bl, a. worthy of re-| 

memorandum, mem-9-ran'dum, n. note to 
assist the memory.—/?/, memoranda, memo- 

memorial, me-mO'ri-^l a. preserving remem- 
brance.— a^. that which keeps in remem- 
brance ; statement with a petition. 

memorialist, mg-mO'ri-^l-ist, n. one who pre- 
sents a memorial. [sent a memorial to. I 

memorialise, -ise, mg-mO'ri-^l-Iz, v.t. to pre-| 

memorise, -ise. mem'9r-Tz, ?\/. to commit to 
memory ; keep in memory. 

memory, mein'9-ri, n. faculty of the mind by 
which ideas are retained and recalled ; 

men, men, pi. of man. 

men'^, r.t. to threaten.— «. a threat. 

menagerie, men-&zh'9-ri, n. a collection of 
wild animals. 

mend, mend, v.t. to repair ; correct ; im- 
prove.- r.t. to grow better, 

mendadous, men-dft'shus, a. lying ; false.— n. 
mendacity (das'-). 

mendicant, men'di-l^uit, n. a beggar ; beg- 
ging friar.— a. begging. — n. mendieaney. 
mendie'ity. Ldomestic servant] 

menial, mCn'y^l, -i-^1, a. servile ; low.— «. a! 

meningitis, men-in-jT'tis, n. inflammation of 
the membrane of the brain. 

mensuration, men-shur-S'shun, n. act or art 
of measuring. 

mental, ment'^, a. pertaining to the mind. 

mention, men'shun^ n. notice ; slight re- 
mark.— ».<. to notice ; remark • name. 

mentor, ment'or, n. a wise counsellor. 

mephitie, me-fit'ik, a. poisonous ; foul, as 
vapor. [chants or trade.! 

meroantile, mSr'k^n-til, a. pertaining to mer] 

mercenary, mer'sen-^-ri, a. hired ; actuated 
by the hope of reward ; venal. — n. a hire- 
ling ; hirwi soldier. [woollens. I 

mercer, mSr's^r^ n. a dealer in silks and| 

merchandise, mer' ch^n • dlz, n. goods for 
sale ; wares. 

merchant, mSr'ch^nt, n. a trader. 

merchantable, mer'chant-^bl, a. fit for sale : 
salable. [ship. 

merchantman, mer'ch^nt-m^n. n. a trading! 

merciAil, m^r'si-ful, a. full of mercy ; com- 
passionate, [feeling ; cruel. I 

merciless, mdr'si-les. a. without mercy ; un-l 

mercurial, mer-kfl'ri-^1, a. sprightly ; viva- 
cious ; containing mercury. 

mercury, mer'kyu-ri, n. a liquid metal ; quick- 
silver, [the sun. I 

Mercury, mer'kyu-ri, n. the planet nearest^ 

mercy, mSr'si, -n. mildnebs toward an of- 
fender ; compassion ; clemency. 

mere, mSr, a. simple ; pure ; only. — adv. 

mere. mGr, n. a i)ool ; pond ; lake, [gaudy. 

meretricious, mer - g • trish' us, a. w antoii ; 

-i, merj, v.t. to dip ; immerse. — v.i. to Ix- 

swallowed up. 
meridian, me-ria'i-^n, n. noon ; highest point ; 

great circle passing through the poles. — a. 

pertaining to noon or a meridian, 
mwridional, me-rid'i-9n-^l, a. southern, 
merino, me-rC'nO, n. variety of sheep with 

very fine wool ; fabric made of this wool, 
merit, mer'it, n. desert ; worth.— r./. to earn ; 

deserve. [ward or praise.! 

meritorious, mer-i-to'ri-us, a. de8er\ing re-| 
mermaid, m^r^mSd, n. a fabulous creature. 

jiart woman and part fish.— fwo/fc. 

ace, air, add, arm, ftsk, fill, vis^e ; 

sgvSre, ebb, her, mfik^r ; Ice, inn ; Cki9r, ox, 6ff, 

by Google 

Digitized b 





merrimoii, mer'i-ment, n. mirth ; hilarity. 

merry, mer'i, a. gay ; sportive ; Hvely. 

merry-andrew, mer-i-an'drfi, n. a buifoon. 

mesenterr, mes'en-ter-i, n. membrane at- 
tachea to the intestines. 

mesli^ mesh, n. opening 
between the threads or 
a net. 

mesmerism, mez'm^r-izm, 
n. a system which con- 
nects animal life with 
a supposed magnetic 
fluid.— a. mesmer'ie. 

mesmeriie, -ise, mez'm^r- 
Iz, v.t. to produce a mesmtjric state. 

mess, mes, n. a service or dish of food ; per- 
sons who eat together ; disagreeable mix- 
ture ; embarrassment.— v.i. to eat at a 
common table. 

message, mes'^j, n. communication ; errand. 

mnsenger, mes'en-j^r, n. one who bears a 

MessialL mes-8l'§, n. the Anointed ; Christ. 

messmaie, mes'mftt, n. a companion at a mess. 

messuage, mes'w^j, n. house with adjoining 

met, met, j)t. and 2?.^: of meet. 

metu, met'^1, n. a simple, fixed^ opaque 
iKMly, fusible by heat.— w. metal'bo. 

metalbftroas, met-^l-lir^r-us, a. producing 

metdlnrgy, met'^l-lur-ji, n. art of working 
metals, or of obtaining them from their 
ores.— a. metalliir'gie. 

metamonhie, met'a-mOrf'ik, a. changed, or 
tran8n)rmed, as rocks. [form. I 

metamtrphose, met-a-mdrf'ps, v.t. to trans-| 

metamorphosis, met-^mOrf'p-sis, n. trans- 
formation, [object the sense of another.] 

meta^or, met'^-fpr, n. a trope ; giving onci 

meta^oneal, met-a-for^k-^l, a. containing 
metaphor ; figurative. [in metaphysics. 

metaphysioian, met-a-fi-zish'9.n, n. one versedl 

metaphysies, roet-a-fiz'iks, n. the science of 
thought and existence.— a. metaphysioal. 

mete, mCt, v.t. to measure.— yi. measure : 
limit. [body in the atmosphere. 

meteor, mC'te-pr, n. a luminous or opaque) 

meteono, mg-tg-or'ik, a. pertaining to, or 
consisting of, meteors ; influenced by the 

meteorolite, me^tg-Qr-p-lIt, meteorite, mS'tg- 
pr-It, n. a meteoric stone. 

meteoruogy, m6'tg-9r-ol'9-ji, n. science of 
the atmosphere and its phenomena.— a. 
moteorolog'ieal. [—a. met'rio. I 

met«, metre, mS't^r, measure of 39.37 inches. | 

met«, mS't^r, n. an instrument for measur- 

metheglin, mg-theg'lin, n. beverage of fer- 
mented honey and water ; mead. 

methinks, m6-thingks% v.imp. it seems to 
me.—j).t. methonght. 

method, meth'<?d, n. orderly procedure ; man- 
ner ; system.— a. method^ie, method'iMl. 

Methodism, meth'pd-izm, n. docrines of Meth- 

Methodist, meth'^d-ist, n. member of a re- 
ligious denommation founded by John 
Wesley.— a. MethodisVieal [method. I 

methodise, -ise, meth'pd-Iz, v.t. to reduce to| 

metonymy, me-ton'i-mi, n. figure of speech 
in which one word is ^ut for another, 

metre. mC't^r, n. poetical arrangement of 
syllables ; verse.— o. met'rieal. 

memo system, met'rik sis'tem, n. a decimal 
system of weights and measures, founded 
on the meter as the standard unit. 

metronome^ met'ro-nOm, n. instrument for 
measuring musical time. 

metropolis, mg-trop'o-lis, n. chief city ; cap- 
ital.— a. metropol'itan. [mettlesome. I 

mettle, met'l, n. courage ; spirit.— a. mettled, | 

mew, mfl, n. a sea-fowl ; cage for hawks ; 
cry of a cat— v.t. to confine in a cage ; 
shed or cast ofl.—v.i. to moult ; to cry as 
a cat. [between high storeys. I 

LO, mez'an-in, n. inarch, alow storey] 

messotint, mez'9-tint, messotinto, med-zO-tin'- 

tO, met-, n. kind of engraving on copper, 
mi, m6, n. third note of the natural scale in 

miasm, ml'azm, miasma, mT-az'm§, n. noxious 

effluvia.— jo/. mias'mata.— n. miasmat'io. 
mioa, mrka, n. a mineral which cleaves into 

thin transparent plates.— a. mioa'eeons. 
mioe, mis, pi. of mouse. 
Michaelmas, mik'l-m^, /;. the feast of St. 

Michael, September 39th. 
microbe, mI'krOb, n. a microscopic organism. 
microcosm, mrkro-kozm, mik'-, n. a little 

world ; man. 
micrometer, ml-krom'g-t^r, n. instrument for 

measuring very small dimensions, 
microphone, mI'krp-fOn, n. instrument for 

rendering faint sounds audible. 
microscope, mI'kro-skOp, mik'-, n. optical 

instrument for viewing very small objects. 
microscopic, ml-kro-skop'ik, mik'-, a. pertain- 
ing to the microscope ; visible only by a 

mid, mid, a. middle ; intervening. 
mid-day, mid'dft, n. noon, 
middle, mid'l, a. equally distant from the 

extremes ; intermediate. — n. the middle 

point or part. [quality, degree, etc. I 

middling, middling, a. of moderate sizc,| 
midge, mij, n. a small fly ; gnat. 

dbze; tise, rfile, pull, np; oil, out; 

thin, tM ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

by Google 

Digitized b 



midland, mid^^nd, a. Burrounded by land, 
■ght, mid'nit, n. twelve o'clock at night. 
' mid'rib, n. central rib of a leaf. 

, mid'rif, n. the diaphragm. 

midihip, mid 'ship, a. pertaining to the mid- 
dle of a ship. 

midshipmin, mid'ship-m^n, n. a naval cadet. 

midit, midst, n. the middle.— a</??. in the 
middle of. [adv. half-way. I 

midwur, mid'wS, n. the middle.— a. and| 

midwin, mid'wTf, n. woman who aeeiBts 
others in childbirth.— p/. midwivM. 

midwifery, mid'wif-ri, n. art of a midwife ; 

mien, mSn, n. bearing ; look. 

mj£ mif, n. slight anger or vexation. 

might, mlt, p.t. of mMj. 

might, mlt, n. power ; strength ; energy. 

mighty, niT'ti, a. strong ; valiant ; great.— 
adv. mightily.— n. mightiness. 

mi^onette, min-yun-et', n. a fragrant flower- 
mg annual. 

mignte, mi'grat, v.i. to remove to another 
place or country,— n. mignt'tion. 

mignttery, ml'gr^t9-ri, a. wandering ; accns 
tomed to migrate. [of Japan. 

Mikftdo, mi-kU'dO, n. a title of the sovereign 

mileh, milch, a. yielding milk. [n. mildnMW. 

mild, mild. a. gentle ; hJ&nd.— adv. mildly.— 

mildew, miPda, n. spots on cloth, etc., pro- 
duced by a fungous growth.— i?.^ and v.i. 
to spot or be spotted with mildew. 

mile, mil, n. measure of 1760 yards. 

mileage, mll'^j, n. fees or allowance for 
travel by the mile. [of a mile. I 

milestone, mll'stOn, n. stone marking the end| 

militant, mil'i-t^nt, a. engaged in warfare. 

military, miPi-t^-ri, a. pertaining to soldiers 
or war. — n. soldiers ; the army, [posed. I 

militate, mil'i-tat, v.i. to contend ; oe op-| 

militia, mil-ish'^, n. citizens (other than tne 
permanent army) liable to military service. 

milk, milk, n. white liquid secreted by fe- 
male mammals to nourish their young ; 
a milk-like juice in plants. — v.L to draw 
milk from.— «. milky. [the sky. I 

milky-way, milk'i-wO, n. a luminous zone inl 

mill, mil, n. a machine for grinding * the 
building contoining it—v.t. to grind ; to 
stamp, as a coin ; to full, as clotn. 

mill, mil, n. the tenth of a cent. 

millenarian, mil-g-nft'ri-^n, n. a believer in the 

millennium, mil-cn'i-um, n. the thousand 
years of Christ's expected reign on earth. 

miller, mll'^r, ». one who manages or at- 
tends a mill ; a white moth, 
millet, mil'et, n. a kind of grass and its seed. 

milligram, mil'i-gram, 7i. the one-thonsandtb 
of a gram ; .0154 grain. 

millUitw, miFi-ie-t^r, n. the one-thousandth 
of a liter; .27 fluid drachm. 

millimeter, miPi-mfi-t^r, the one-thousandth 
of a meter : .0394 inch. 

milliner, mil'i-n^r, n. one who makes bon- 
nets, etc., for women. [milliners.! 

millinery, miri-n^r-i, n. articles made by| 

million, miPyun, n. a thousand 

millionaire, mil-yun-ar', n. person 
possessing a million or more. 

mul-raee, mil'rSs, n. canal con- 
veying water to a mill-wheel. 

millstone, mil'stOn, n. one of the 
stones between which grain is 

mut, milt, n. the spleen ; fecund- 
ating organ of male fishes. . 

mimeograph, mim'e-9-graf n. a de- 
vice for multiplying copies of 

mimie, mim'ik, a. imitative. — n. 
an imitator.— 17.^. to imitate 
sportively; to ape. 

mimiery, mlm'ik-ri, n. act of 
minucking ; sportive imita-^ 
tion. [Mohammedan mosque. I „. . 

minaret, min'a-ret, n. tower of a| J^i"»aret 

mines, mins, v.t. to cho]) into small pieces ; 
to suppress or soften in speaking.— f.t. to 
walk or speak with affected daintiness. 

mineemeat, mins'met, n. meat chopped fine, 
with fruit, spice, etc. [meat.! 

minee-pie, mins'pT, n. a pie made of mince- 1 

mind, mind, n. the thinking faculty ; reason ; 
soul ; intention ; opinion.— tJ.<. to regard ; 
attend to ; obey. 

minded, mlnd'ed, a. disposed ; determined. 

mindftu, mind'ful, a. heedful ; observant. 

mine, min, 2)ron. possessive case of L 

mine, mIn, n. place where minerals are dag ; 
excavation. — v.t. to dig a mine nnder; 
sap.— r.i. to dig a mine ; excavate. 

miner, mln'^r, n. one who digs in a mine. 

mineral, min'^r-^1, n. an inorganic substance, 
found on or m the earth. — a. pertaining 
to, or containing, minerals. 

minmlogist, min-^r-al'9-jist, n, one versed 
in mineralogy. 

mineralogy, mln-^r-aro-ji, n. the science of 
minerals.— a. minerslM^ieaL 

mingle, ming'gl, v.t. ana v.i. to mix ; blend. 

minUrtore, min'i-tynr, ti. a very small paint 
ing or portrait. 

minim, min'im, n. in mw. the note P, eqnai 
to two crotchets ; in med. the ' one-six- 
tieth of a fluid drachm. 

ace, air, add, arm, ftsk, ail, vis^e ; s^vSre, ebb, h4r, mftk^r ; Ice, inn ; Od^r, ox, dff, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 




min'i-mum, n. the least quantity 
or degree.— p/. minima. [of type. I 

miBion, min'yun, n. a favorite ; small kind| 

minifier, miu'iB-t^r, n. a eervant; clergy- 
man ; agent ; manager of state affairs ; 
representative of a government at a for- 
eign court.— r.i. to attend. — v.f„ to furnish. 

DiBisterial, min-is-te^ri-^l, a. pertaining to a 
minister ; done under authority ; clerical. 

minirtratioii, min-is-trft'shun, n. act of min- 
istering; service. 

ministrj, min'is-tri, n. act of ministering ; 
service ; office of a minister ; the clergy ; 
body of ministers of state. 

mink, mingk, n. animal of the weasel kind. 

minnow, niin'O, n. small fresh-water fish. 

minor, ml'npr, a. less ; inferior. — n. a per- 
son under age. 

minor, mi'npr, in mus. less by a semitone. 

mi nonty , mi-nor'i-ti, n. the smaller number ; 
state of being a minor. 

minfter, min'st^r. n. church of a monastery ; 
cathedral church. 

minstrel, min'strel, n. a singer ; musician. 

minftztUy. min'strel-si, n. company of min- 
strels ; body of song ; music. 

mint, mint, n. place where money is coined. 
—v.t. to coin. 

mint, mint, n. an aromatic plant. 

minvand, min'yn-end, n. number to be les- 
sened by subtraction. 

minwt, min'yti-et, n. a slow, graceful dance 
in triple time ; its music. 

minu, ml'nus, min'-, a. less ; below zero ; 
algebraic term or sign denoting subtrac- 
tion . [act. —n . minnteneM. I 

minvto, mi-ntit', a. very small ; trivial ; ex-| 

minvto, min'it, min'yut, n. the sixtieth part 
of an hour ; a brief note.— t?.^. to make a 
brief note of. [or detail.— pi. minntia.i 

minntia, mi-ntl'shi-a, p. a minute particular! 

■inx, mingks, n. a pert young girl. 

BiTMle, nnr'a-kl, n. a wonder; something 
deviating from natural laws.— a. mirae'n- 

■ingo, mi-rftzh', n. illusion produced by 
atmospheric reflection and refraction. 

Biro, mir, n. deep mud. — a. ndrj.—v.t. to 
plunge in mud ; clog with mud. — v.i. to 
sink in mud. [reflect, as a mirror. I 

aiiTor, mir'pr, n. a looking-glass.— t?.^ tol 

Birth, m6rth, n. merriment ; festivity. 
Bizthftil. m6rth'fnl, a. full of mirth ; merry. 
Mh, mis, a prefix denoting wrong or iu. 
Words compounded with ft, and not given 
below, may be explained by adding ill^ 
amiss., or vrrongly. to the simple worn. 
BUMivaitiirey mis-ad-vent'yur, n. ill-luck; 

misanthrope, mis'an-thrOp, misanthropist, mis- 
an'thrp-pist, n. a hater of mankind. 

misanthropy, mis-an'thrp-pi, n. hatred of 
mankind.— a. misanthropic, -al 

misapprehend, mis-ap-pre-hend', v.t. to appre- 
hend wrongly • mistake.— n. misapprenen'- 
sion. [properly.— n. misbehav'ior. I 

misbehave, mis-bg-hav', v.i. to behave im-| 

misoall, • mis-k&r, v.t. to call by a wrong 

misearry, mis-kar'i, v.i. to fail ; be un- 
successful ; fail to arrive ; bring forth 
prematurely.— ;i. misearriage. 

miseellaneoos, mis-sel-la'n^-us, a. mingle<l ; 
of various kinds. 

miscellany, mis'sel-l^ni, n. mixture of vari- 
ous kinds ; collection of writings on vari- 
ous subjects. [hap. I 

mischance, mis-chins', n. misfortune ; mis-| 

mischief, mis'chif, «. evil ; injury ; a prank. 

miseliievoas, mis'chiv-us, a. injurious ; prone 
to mischief. 

miscreant, mis'krfi-^nt, n. a wretch ; vile per- 

misdeed, mis-dSd', n. fault ; crime, [amiss. I 

misdeem, mis-d6m^ v.t. and v.i. to judge) 

misdemeanor, mis-dg-me'npr, n. bad conduct ; 
crime less than felony. 

misdoing, mis-ddb'ing, n. wrong ; fault. 

miser, ml'z^r, n. one covetous to excess ; a 
niggard.— a. miserly. 

miserable, miz'^r-^-bl, a. wretched; unhappy ; 
causing misery ; worthless. 

misery, miz'^r-i, n. wretchedness ; distress. 

misfortune, mis-fOrt'yun, n. calamity; evil 

misgive, mis-giv', v.t. to fill with doubt; fail. 

misgiving, mis-giv'ing, n. failure of confi- 
dence ; distmst ; apprehension. 

mishap, mis-hap', n. accident ; ill-luck ; mis- 
fortune, [lose. I 

mislay, mis-lft', v.t. to lav in a wrong place ;| 

misleaa, mls-16d', v.t. to lead into error.— p.^ 

and p.p. misled. [name. I 

misname, mis-nftra', v.t. to call by a wrong] 
misnomer, mis-nO'm^r, n. a wrong name ; 

indictment under a wrong name. [men. 
misogynist, mis-oj'in-ist, n. a hater of wo-| 
misogyny, mis-oj'in-i, n. hatred of women, 
misnlaee, mis-plSs', v.t. to put into a wrong 

place ; bestow wrongly. 
mismle, mis-rfil', n. unjust rule ; disorder. 
miss, mis, n. an unmarried woman or girl ; 

title of an unmarried woman, 
miss, mis. v.t. to fail to hit, find, or keep ; to 

omit ; feel the want of .— i?.i. to fail to hit ; 

to fail.— n. a failure, 
missal, mis'^l, n. a mass-book. [formed. I 
misshapen, mis-shfip'n, a. badly shaped ; de-| 

tlse, rtlle, poll, up; oil, out; thin, th^\ get, jet; kin, sin; chip^ az(zh)are. 

Digitized by VjOOQ IC 




missile, mis'il, n. a weapon to be thrown. — a, 
meant to be thrown. 

mission, mish'un, n. act of sending ; persons 
Hcnt on certain duties, esp. to propagate 
religion ; embassy ; appointed duty. 

missionary, mish'un-^ri, n. one sent to propa- 
gate religion.— a. pertaining to missions. 

missive, mis'iv, a. setit ; to be sent or thrown. 
— w. anything sent as a letter. 

mist, mist, n. visible watery vapor in the 
atmosphere ; very fine rain. 

mistake, mis-tftk', v.t. to take in error ; un- 
derstand wrongly.— r.i. to err.— p.t. mis- 
took.— /)./;. misuken.— n. an error. 

mistaken, mis-tSk'n, a. misunderstood 
roneous. [evergreen plant. I 

., miz'l-tO, n. a jxarasitic] 
, mis-tuk', p.t. of mistake. 

mistress, mis'tres, n. a woman in 
authority ; female head or ruler , 
woman skilled in anything ; title 
of address to a married woman 
(usually written Mrs.). 

mistmst, mis-trust', n, want of con 
fidence.— v.^. to regard with sus- 
picion ; doubt.— «. mistmstftil. 

misty, mist'i, a. full of mist ; dim ; obBCurc. 
—adv. mistily.— /i. mistiness. 

misunderstand, mis-un-d^r-stand', v.t, to 
understand wrongly. 

misunderstanding, mis-un-d^r-stand'ing, n. 
wrong understanding ; disagreement 

misuse, mis-flz', v.t. to use improperly. 

misuse, mis-tls', n. improper use. 

mite, mlt, n. anything very small ; particle : 
a minute insect. [gated. 

mitigable, mit'i-g^-bl, a. that may be miti-| 

mitigate, mit'i-gftt, v.t. to lessen ; soften ; 

jtood ; cr- 



alleviate.— n. mitiga'tion. 

, machine-gun 

mitrailleuse, mitrfil-yuz' 

firing small missiles, 
mitre, ml't^r, n. a bishop's crown ; 

junction of mouldings with an 

angle of 45°.— 1'.<. to join with 

a mitre.— a. mitraL 
mitten, mit'n, n. a glove without 

fingers, or without separate 

mix. miks, v.t. and v.i. to unite ; 

blend together ; associate, 
mixture, mfks'tyfir, n. act of mixing ; mingled 

mass. [three-masted ship).! 

missen, miz'n, a. nearest the stern (in a| 
missen-mast, miz'n-m^t, n. mast aft of the 

missle, miz'l, v.i. to drizzle. [ory.l 

mnemonie, ne-mon'ik, a. assisting the mem-| 
mnemonies, ne-mon'iks, n. art of remember- 
ing, or of assisting memory. 



, mOn, v.i. to make a low sound of grief 
or pain.— 1;.<. to lament.— /i. sound ex- 
pressive of grief or pain ; lamentation. 

moat, mOt, n. trench round a castle, etc. 

moated, mOt'ed, a. surrounded with a moat 

mob, mob, n. the rabble: a tumultuous 
crowd.— v.<. to attack in a disorderly 
crowd. [molttl'ity. 

moUle, mO'bil, a. that can be moved.— ;i.| 

mooMsin, mok'^sin, n. Indian shoe of soft 
leather ; venomous American snake. 

moek, mok, v.t. to deride ; mimic ; frus- 
trate ; deceive.— a. counterfeit ; false.— w. 
derision; sneer. 

mookerj, mok'- 
f r-i, n. deri- 
sion ; vfdn 
false show. 

n. an Ameri- 
can song-bird, 
ode, mod, n. 
form ; manner ; fashion ; in mus. dis- 
tinction of scales, as major and minor.— 
a. modal 

mod'el, n. pattern; copy.— «?.^. to 
copy from a model ; make a model of. 

moderate, mod'^r-St, v.t. to lessen in inten- 
sity ; repress. — v.i. become less violent or 

moderate, mod'^r-^t, a. not excessive ; tem- 
perate ; middling.— /i. modera'tion. 

moderator, mod'^r-fi-tpr, n. one who presides 
at a meeting. 

modern, mod'^rn, a. of recent time ; not 
ancient— n. one of modem times.— n. 
modemness. [modem. 

modernise, -ise, mod'ern-Iz, v.t. to render 

modest, mod'est, a. diflident ; ctiaste ; not 
forward ; moderate. 

modesty, mod'es-ti, n, absence of presump- 
tion ; chastity ; moderation. 

modienm, mod'i-kum, n. a small portion. 

modify, mod'i-fl, v.t. to change the form of. 
—71. modiflea'tion. 

modish, mOd'ish. a. fashionable. 

modulate, mod'^-ti-lftt v.t. to regnlate ; vary, 
as sounds ; in tntis. to chance the key.— 
n. modula'non. [the Angora goat. 

mohair, mO'har, n. stuflf made of the hair of, 

Mohammedan," mp-ham'e-dan, a. pertaining 
to, or holding, the religion of Motiammed. 
—11. a follower of Mohammed. 

moiety, moi'e-ti, n. half. 

moil, moll. v.i. to toil ; drudge. 

moist, moist, a. somewhat wet ; damp.— «• 

ace, sir^ add, ftrm, ftsk, ail, visflige ; sfivfire, ebb, h6r, mak^r ; Ice, inn : Odpr, ox, fiflf, 

Digitized by LjOOQ iC 




mois'n, v.t. to make moist ; wet 
slightly. [Quantity of liquid. I 

DMistore, moist'yur, n. eligiit wetnegs ; email | 

mO'l^r, a. used tor grindiug.— «. a 

double tooth ; griuder. 
molauet, mp-lau'ez, n. the sirup which drains 

from crystallizing sugar, 
mole, mOl, n. a large breakwater. 
Bole, mOl, n. a small burrowing quadruped, 
mole, mOl, n. a natural mark on the body, 
moleenle, moPfi-ktIl, n. a minute particle of 

matter.~a. moleo'nlM. [soft cloth. I 

moleskin, mOl'skin, n. skin of a mole ; thickj 
melett, mO-lest^ v.t. to distarb ; annoy.— n. 

moUiftr, mol'i-fl, v.t. to soften ; calm.— n. 

melluk, moUnio, morusk, n. a soft-bodied 

animal, as a shell-fish. 
■oHen, mOlt'u, a. melted ; cast, 
moment, mO'ment, n. importance ; minute 

portion of time, 
momentarx, mO'ment-^-ri, a. lasting for a 

moment ; happening in a moment, 
momentlj, mO'ment-li, adv. in a moment: 

everv moment. [ance. 

mmentou, mo-ment'us, a. of great import- 1 
aomentam, mO-ment'um, n. quantity of mo- 
tion in a body.—/?;, momenta. 
moBaehism, mon^^-kizm, n. monastic life. 
monad, mon'ad, n. an ultimate atom ; ani- 
malcule, [sovereign.! 
ih. mon'ark.n. supreme ruler ; king ;| 
ihie^ monareniMl, m^n-ftrk'ik, . -^1, a. 

pertaining to a monarch or monarcliy. 
monarohj, mon'ark-i, n. government of a 

monarch ; kingdom. [of monks. I 

J, mon'as-t^r-i, n, house or convent| 
, mo-nas'tik, a. pertaining to monks 

or nuns ; recluse, 
menmtiwwn, mo-nas'ti-sizm, n. monastic life. 
MoD^T, mun'd^ w. the second day of the 

week. [sisting in, money. I 

monetary, mun'e-t^ri, a. relating to, or con-| 
mon^, munM, n. coin used in trade. 
moneyed, mun'id, a. having money ; rich, 
monprel, mung'grel, a. of mixed breed.— n. 

animal of mixed breed. 
mmgrelim, mung'grel-izm, n. state of being 

a mongrel ; hybridity. 
"•-^^on, mo-nisn'un, n. warning : notice. 
>r, mon'i-tor, n. an adviser ; instructor. 

-a. monito'riai. 

, mon'i-tpr, n. an iron-clad vessel of 

war, propelled by steam, and having one 

or two heavy guns in a revolving turret. 
monitory, mon'i-t9r-i, a. giving admonition 

or warning. 
monk, mungk, n. a religious reclune. 

monkey, mung'ki, n. animal most resem- 
bling man ; ape. [with a movable jaw. I 

monkey-wreneh, mung'ki-rench, n. a wrenc)i| 

monocbrome, nion'9-krOm, n. painting or de- 
sign in a single color.— a. |nonochromat'io. 

monody, mon'o-di, ;/. poetical lament of a 
single person. 

monogamy, mo-nog'^mi, n. 
marriage to but one person. 

monoffram, mon'o-gram, n. 
cipher of interwoven let* 

mono^ph, mon'o-graf^ 11. 
written treatise on a single 

monolith, mon'o-lith, n. a col- 
umn made of a single stone. 


^ [person. I 

monologne, mon'^o-log, n. speech by a single | 

monomania, mon-o-ma^ni-^, n. madness with 
regard to one subject only. 

monomaniae, mon-o-mS'ni-aK, v. person af- 
fected with monomania. 

monopolise, -ise, mo-nop'o-llz, v.t. to engross 
the whole or ; have the monopoly of. 

monopoly, mo-nop'o-11, n. sole right of trad- 
ing ; exclusive possession. 

monosyllable, mon-o-sil'^-bl, n. a word of 
one syllable.- o. monosyllab'ie. 

monothdsm, mon'o-thS-izm, n. belief in only 
one God.— «. monotheist'ie. [tone. 

monotone, mon'o-tOn, n. single, unvaried 

monotonous, mo-not'o-nus, a. in an unvariec 
tone ; without variety. [sameness. 

monotony, nio-not'o-nl, n. dull uniformity ; 

monsoon, mon-8(A}n', n. periodical wind ol 
the Indian Ocean. 

monster, mon'st^r, n. a prodigy ; anything 
frightful and unnatural ; atrocious crim- 
inal, [monstrous: anything monstrous.! 

monstrosi^, mon-stros'i-ti, n. state of being] 

monstrous, mon'strus, a. enormous ; un- 
natural ; frightful. 

month, munth, n. revolution of the moon; 
one of the twelve parts of the year. 

monthly, munth'li, a. happening or appear- 
ing every month^.— a</r. once a month. 

monument, mon'yu-ment. n. a memorial ; 
memorial column ; tomb.— a. monument'aL 

mood, mdbd, n. temper of mind ; humor. 

mood, mdba, n. a grammatical form of a 

moody, mdbfPi, a. ill-humored : sullen. 

moon, mdbn, v. planet revolving about the 
earth ; satellite. 

moonshine, mdbn'shln, n. the light of the 
moon ; anything visionary. 

moon-struek, mdbn'struk, a. affected by the 
moon ; deranged. [heath.! 

moor, mdbr, n. waste land covered with] 

dbze; flee, i^e,' pull, up; oil, out; thin, tM\ get, jet; kin, ein ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

d by Google 

Digitized b 




Moor, mJbr, n. a native of North Africa, 
moor, m(A}r, v.t. to fasten by a cable, as a 
ship. [of a ship when moored. | 

mooringf, mdbrMngs, place or condition | 
Moorisn,mdbr'i8h, a. pertaining to the Moors, 
mdbs, h. 

the largest deer 

of North Amer- 
ica, resembling 

the European 

moot, mdbt, v.t. to 

discuss ; debate. 

—a. debatable. 
mop, mop, n. in- 
strument of cloth 

or thrums for 

washing floors, 

eic.-v.t. to wipe i«u«»c. 

with a mop. [pine. I 

mope, mOp, v.i. to be dull and dispirited;] 
mopish, mOp'ish, a. dull ; spiritless. 
moral, mor'^I^ a. pertaining to manners or 

conduct ; virtuous.— w. lespon enforced by 

anything.— w./>/. practice of duties ; ethics, 
monuiie, -ue, mor'^l-Iz, v.t. to apply to a 

moral purpose.— v.i. to discourse on moral 

subjects ; make moral reflections. — n. 

morass, mO-ras' n. a swamp ; marsh. 
morbid, mOr'bid, a. diseased ; unhealthy.— 

n. morbidness, 
mordant, mOr'd^nt, a. biting ; serving to flx 

colors.— w. a substance which fixes dyes 

in cloth. 
more, mOr, a. additional ; greater in number 

or quantity.— «</!'. to a greater degree ; 

again.— n. greater or additional quantity 

or amount, 
moreen, m^-rSn', n. a stout woollen stuff. 
moreover, mOr-O'v^r, adv. besides ; in addi- 
tion ; further. 
moribund, mor'i-bund, a. dying ; perishing. 
Mormon, mdr'mpn, n. one of a sect founded 

by Joseph Smith, 
mom. mdrn n. the morning, 
morning, mornMng, n. the first part of the 

day.— o. pertaining to the morning, 
moroceo, mp-rok'O, n. a fine leather of goat 

or sheep-skin. 
morose, m^-rOs', a. surly ; severe ; gloomy. 


mdr't^, a. liable to die; deadly; 

unishable with death ; human.— n. a 

human being. 

n. condition of be- 
ing mortal; death; 
number of deaths ; 

mortar, mOr't^r, n. 
cementof lime and : 

mortar, mdr't^r, n. 
vessel in which 

things are pounded ; piece of ordnance 
for throwing shells. 

mortga^, mOr'g^j, n. pledge of property as 
security for a debt.— ».^ to pledge by 
mortgage. [mortgage is given. I 

mortgagee, m0r-ga-j6', n. one to whom a[ 

mortgager, -eor, mor'g^-j^r, -jor, n. one who 
gives a mortgage. 

mortifieation, mor-ti-fi-kft'shun, 7/. loss of vi- 
tality ; humiliation ; ascetic austerities. 

mortify, mdr'ti-fl, v.t. to humble ; render 
ashamed.— t;.i. to lose vitality. 

mortise, mdr'tis, n. cavity made to receive a 
i&aon.—v.t. to cut a mortise in ; join by a 
mortise. ^ [death or burial. I 

mortnary, mort'yu-^-rl, a. pertaining to| 

Mosaie, mO-za'ik, a. pertaining to Moses or 
the Jewish law. 

mosaie, mO-za'ik, n. work in which objects 
are represented by small pieces of colored 
stone, etc., cemented to a ground.— <i. 
composed of mosaic. 

Moslem, moz'lem, n. a Mohammedan. 

mosque, mosk, n. Mohammedan house of 

mosquito, m^s-kS'tO. n. a blood-sucking gnat. 

moss, mos, n. a family of cryptogamous 

moss7, mos'i, a. overgrown with moss. 

most, mOst, a. greatest in number or quantity. 
—adv. in me highest degree.— n. the 
greatest number or quantity. 

mostly, mOst'li, adv. for the greatest part. 

mote, mOt, n. a particle ; speck. 

moth, moth, n. a winged insect resembling 
the butterfly ; an insect larva injurious io 
woollen fabrics or furs. [born ; native. I 

mother. mu^A'^r, n. a female parent.— a. in-j 

mothernood, mu^A'^r-hud, n. state of beuig 
a mother. [mother.] 

motherless, mu^A'^r-les, a. destitute of a| 

motherly, mu^A'^r-li, a. like a mother ; pa- 
rental, [proposal.! 

motion, mO'shun, w. act or state ofinoving;| 

motive, mO'tiv, a. causing movement.— ». in- 
ducement ; reason. 

See, air, add, &rm, ^k, liU, visage ; sgvSre, ebb, b6r, mSkfr ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, Off, 

Digitized by V3OOQ iC 

morphia, mdr'fi-a, morphine, mOr'fin, n. a 
narcotic alkaloid prepared from opium. 

morris, morriee, mor'is, n. a lively dance ; a 

morrow, mor'O, n. the following day. 

morse, mOrs, n. walrus, or sea-horse. 

morsel, mOr'sel, n. a bite ; small quantity. 




DMtley, mot'li, a. parti-colored ; diversified. 

— n. a parti-colored dress. 
motor, mO'tQr. n. a moving power ; device for 

obtaining motion from an electric current. 
motto, mot'O, n. sentence prefixed to any- 
thing ; phrase attached to a device. 
mould, mold, mold, n. rich »o\\.—v.t. to cover 

with mould. [to become mouldy. I 

mould, mold, mold, n. a minute fungus.—t7.2.| 
mould, mold, mold, n. hollow form in which 

anything is cast ; pattern.— 17.<. to cast ; 

moulder, molder, mOld'^r, n. one who moulds. 
moulder, molder, mOkVer, v.i. to waste away. 
moulding, molding, mold'ing, n. ornamental 

ridge or projection. 
monlqr, moldy, mOld'i,fl, covered with mould, 
moult, mOlt, v.i. to shed the feathers, etc., as 

birds. ■ 
monnd, mound, n. a raised bank ; hillock. 
mount, mount, n. a hill ; elevation. — v.i. to 

rise ; soar. — v.t. to put on horseback ; to 

put on something ; to get upon, 
mountain, mount'an, n. a high hill ; great 

mass. — a. of, or pertaining to, a mountain. 
mountaineer, mount-an-Sr^ n. a dweller on a 

mountain. [ains ; like a mountain. I 

moontainons, mount'^n-us, a. full of mount- 
moontebank, mount'g-bangk, n. a boastful 

quack ; buffoon. [grieve for ; lament.! 
mourn, mOm, v.i. to grieve ; lament.— t;.^. to| 
monnmil, mOrn'ful, a. sad ; sorrowful, 
mourning, mOrn'ing, n. grief ; expression of 

grief ; dress of mourners. 
moose, mous, n. the smallest mammal, a 

little gnawing quadruped.—/?/, miee. 
mouo, mouz, v.i. to catch mice ; watch slily. 

— ;?. moQser. [mice. I 

mousetrap, mous'trap, n. trap for catching! 
monstaohe, see mnstaehe. 
month, mouth, n. opening into which men 

and animals receive their food ; opening or 

entrance. [or pompously. I 

month, mou/A, v.t. and v.i. to utter overloud| 
monthnil, mouth'ful, n. as much as fills the 

mouth ; morsel. 
monthpieee, mouth^pSs, n. part of any in- 
strument that is placed in or against the 

mouth ; spokesman. 
moraUe, moov'^-bl, a. that may be moved. 
moraUes, mdbv'^blz, 7?.^>/. movable property. 
move, mobv, v.t. to put m motion ; cause to 

change place ; excite to action or feeling ; 

to propose to an assembly.— i>.i. to change 

place ; act ; make a proposal.- »i. act of 

movement, mdbv'ment, n. act of moving ; 

emotion : machinery of a timepiece ; in 

muit. part having a certain time. 

moving, mdbv'ing, a. causing or having mo- 
tion ; affecting. 
mow, mou, n. pile of hay, etc., in a barn. 
mow, mO, v.t. to cut down with, or as if 

with, a scythe.— p.<. mowed.— p.p. mowed, 

Mr., mis't^r, 7?. master ; title of address to a 

man. [to a married woman. I 

Mrs., mis'is, n. mistress ; title of address] 
much, much, a. great in quantity.— w. a 

great quantity.— ar/i?. to a great degree. 
mneila«e, mtl'sil-aj, n. a slimy fluid.— «, 

muck, muk, n. moist manure ; filth. 

mucus, mO'kus, n. a slimy animal fluid.— a, 

mud, mud, n. wet soft earth.— o. muddy, 
muddle, mud'l, v.t. to render muddy or con 

muddy, mud'i, a. defiled with mud ; covered 

with mud ; turbid.— -p.^. to render muddy • 

mu^ muf, n. warm soft cover for the hands, 
muffin, muf 'in, n. a light kind of cake, 
muffle, muf'l, v.t. to wrap up ; cover ; blind 

muffler, muf'l^r, n. a covering for the head 

and face, 
mug, mug, n. kind of cup with a handle, 
muggy, mu^'i, a. foggv : damp and close. 
muiKto, mu-lat'O, n. cnild of one white and 

one negro parent.— /<?m. mulattress, mu- 

mulberry, mul'ber-i, n. a tree 

and its fruit. 
mulch, mulch, t;.^ to protect 

with straw or leaves, as the 

roots of a plant, 
mulct, mulkt, n. a fine. — v.t. 

to fine, 
mule, mm, n. offspring of the 

horse and ass ; mongrel ; 

machine for spinning cot- 

muleteer, mfl-le-ter' n. a mule-driver, 
mulish, mlll'ish, a. like a mule ; obstinate, 
mull, mul, v.t. to warm and sweeten, as wine, 
mullein, mul'in, n. a plant with downy 

leaves and yellow flowers, 
mullet, mul'et, n. genus of fishes, 
mullion, mul'yun, n. upright bar in a Gothic 

multifitrious, mnl-ti-fa^ri-ns, a. having great 

variety ; manifold, 
multiform, mul'ti-fOrm, a. having many 

forms.— n. multifbrm'ity. 
multiple, mul'ti-pl, w. a number or quantity 

exactly divisible by another. 


dbze ; flse, rfile, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, thQ ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

d by Google 

Digitized b 




mvltipliMad, mul-ti-pli-kand', n. a number or 
quantity to be multiplied. 

multipliMtion. mul-ti-pli-kft'ehnn, n. act or 
rule of multiplying. 

mvltiplioity, mul-ti-pTis'i-ti, n. great number. 

multiply, mul'ti-pll, v.t. to increase in num- 
bers ; repeat a number as often as there 
are units in another number. —n. multi- 
plier, [crowd.— rt. mnltita'dinons.! 

mutitadt, mul'ti-tfld, n. a great number ;| 

. mum, a. silent.— iw^. silence I 
ible, m 
tinctly ; chew with difficulty. 

, mum'bl, v.t. and v.i. to speak indis- 

mnmmer, mum'^r, n. a masker. 

mummerjr mum'^r-i, n. masking ; buffoon- 
ery ; silly show. 

mummy, mum'i, n. embalmed human body. 

mompiih, mump^ish, a. silent ; sullen. 

mumps, mumps, n. mflamed swelling of the 
parotid gland. [closed lips. I 

muneh, munch, v.t. and v.i. to chew with| 

mundane, mun'dan, a. pertaining to the 
world. [city, corporation, or country. 

munidpal, mtL-nisM-i)sir, a. belonging to a 

munioii«lity, mtl-ni-si-pal'i-ti, n. amunicipa 
district. [bountiful. ~w. munifloenoe. 

munificent, mil - nif ' i - sent, a. generous ; 

muniment, mtl'ni-ment, «. a stronghold • title 
deed ; record. [war.l 

munition, mtl-nish'un, n. material used in| 

mural, mtl'r^l, a. pertaining to, or like, a 

murder, mur'd^r, n. act of killing a person 
with malice and premeditation.— v./. to 
kill maliciously ; destroy. 

murderer, mur'd^r-er, n. one who murders or 
is guilty of murder.— /(^/i. murderess. 

murderous, mur'd^r-us, a. guilty of, or in- 
tending, murder ; bloodthirsty ; deadly. 

muriatie. mfl-ri-at'ik, n. pertaining to, or ol)- 
taineu from, sea-salt. [murkiness. I 

murky, mur'ki, a. dark- gloomy.— ;i.| 

murmur, mur'mur, n. low, indistmct sound ; 
muttered complaint.— v.i. to utter a mur- 
mur ; grumble. — v.t. to utter in a murmur. 

murrain, mur'^n, n. infectious disease of 
cattle. [animals. I 

musele, mus^l, n. contractile fleshv tissue of | 

muscular, mus'kvu-l^r, a. pertainmg to mus- 
cles ; having large muscles ; strong ; ath- 
letic— w. muscularity. 

muse, mflz, v.i. to meditate deeply ; ponder. 
—n. deep thought. 

Muse, mtlz, n. one of the nine goddesses pre- 
siding over art and science. 

museum, mfl-zC'um, n. a collection of curi- 
osities or works of art. 

mush, mush, n. a porridge of boiled meal. 

mushroom, mush'rdbm, n. a fungous plant. 

mushroom, mush'rdbm, a. upstart ; short- 

music, mtl'zik, n. art of combining harmoni- 
ous sounds ; science of harmony ; a musical 
composition.— (2. musical 

musician, mfl-zish'^u, u. a performer of music. 

musk, musk, ti. a strong perfume obtained 
from an Asiatic deer.— a. musing. 

musket, mus'ket, n. a firearm used by soldiers. 

musketzT, mus^Ket-ri, n. muskets in general ; 
fire or musketry, 

muslin^ muzMin, n. a fine cotton cloth. 

mus^uito, mus-kS'tO, n. same as mosquito. 

Mussulman, mus'ul-mSn, mus'1-man, n. a 
Mohammedan.— p/. Mussulmans, [strained. I 

must, must, v.i. to be compelled or con-| 

must, must, v.i. to become musty. 

must, must, n. unfermented grape- juice. 

mustache, mus-tash% -tS»h\ mustaehio, mus- 
ta'cho, n. hair on the nnper lip. 

mustang, mus'tang, n. a naif -wild horse of 
the American plains. 

mustard, must'^rd, n. a plant with pungent 
seeds ; condiment prepared from the ^ed. 

muster, mus't^r, v.t. and v.i. to assemble, as 
troops.— n. a review of troops ; assem- 
blage ; inspection. [mustiness.! 

musty, mus'ti, a. spoiled by damp ; stale.- n.j 

mutable, mfl't^-bl, a. subject to change.— «. 
mutabil'ity. [Ing ; change.! 

mutation, mtl-ta'shun, n. process of chan<;-| 

mute, mflt, a. dumb ; silent.— w. a dumb or 
silent person ; letter which cannot be pro- 
nounced without a vowel.— adp. mutely. 

mutilate, mtl'til-ftt^ v.t. to deprive of a mem- 
ber or part ; maim.— n. mutila'tion. 

mutineer, mtl-ti-nSr^ n. one who mutinies. 

mutiny, mfl'ti-ni, v.i. to revolt against au- 
thority, esp. military or naval.— n. a revolt, 
esp. military or navjjl.- a. mutinous. 

mutter, mut'^r, v.t. and v.i. to speak low and 
sullenly ; murmur ; grumble. 

mutton, mut'n, n. flesh of sheep. 

mutual, mfl'tyu-^l. a. reciprocal ; inter- 
changed.— n. mutual'ity. 

mussle, muz'l, n. mouth of an animal ; fast- 
ening or cover for the mouth ; outer end 
or mouth of a gun, etc.— v.t. to put a 
muzzle on. 

my, ml, a. belonging to me. 

myopia, ml-0'pi-a, n. short-sightedness. 

myriad, mir'i-ad, n. ten thousand : a vast 
number. [grams; 22.046 lbs. av.l 

myriagram, mir'i-^-gram, n. weight of 10,0001 

myrialiter, mir'i-^-lC-t^r, n. measure of 10,000 
liters, or 2641.7 gallons. 

myriameter, mlr'i-^mS-t^r, measure of 10,000 
meters ; 6.2137 miles. [band. I 

myrmidon, mer'mi-dQn, n. one of a ruffianly! 

ace, §ir, add, arm, ftsk, aU, visage ; sgvSre, ebb, her, mak^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox. Off, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



myrrh, mSr, n, a bitter aromatic gum-resin, 
myrtle, m^r'tl, n. an evergreen snrub. [son. I 
mjiell^ nii-eelf% ml-, j)ron. I, or me, in pei-| 
myitery, mis't^r-i, w. a secret ; anytliing ob- 
scure or iucomprelieusi bio.— a. mysto'rions. 
mystery^ mis't^r-i, n. a mediaeval drama on 

a Scriptural subject, 
myitie, myfltieal, mis'tik, -^, a. relating to 
mystery ; having a secret meaning ; alle- 

gorical. — adv. mystioall^. 
lystie, mis'tik, n. one ot a 

Mystie, mis'tik, n. one ot a sect professing 
to receive direct communications from 

mis'ti-sizm, n. doctrine of the 

Mystics ; mystical doctrine or discourse, 
myiw^, mis'ti-fl, v.t. to involve in mystery ; 

Ijewilder.— n. mystiflM'tion. 
myth, mith, n. a religious or historical fable. 

—a. mythie, mythkil. 
mytholoipe, mythologieal, mith-o-loj'ik, -^, a. 

relating to mythology ; fabulous. 
mythelegut, mi-thol'^-jist, n. one who writes 

on mytholo^. 
myth«l«gy, mi-thol'9-ji, n. system or body of 

myths ; treatise on myths. 


H, B, en, fourteenth letter of the alphabet. 

As a contraction, it stands for North. 
Mik, nab. v.t. to seize suddenly. 
nidM, nft'bob, n. an Indian governor ; man 

of great wealth. [ons. I 

uMre, na'k^r, n. mother-of-pearl. — a. iUMre-| 
laMx, nft'dSr, nA'd^r, n. point in the heavens 

directly opposite the zenith, 
nag, nag, n. a small horse. [tinually.l 

Uff, nag, v.i. to chide fretfully and con-| 
n^M, nft'vad, nfi'yad, n. a water-nymph. — 

pi. uwu, DAifties (n&'yad-Sz'). 
nail, nftl, n. homy scale at the end of the 

finger or toe ; claw ; metal spike ; measure 

of two and one- fourth inches. — v.t. to 

fasten with nails, [—n. nairetj (nft-ev-tSO- 1 
naZva. nft-6v', a. .simple ; unaflfected ; artless. | 
nahnd. nft'ked, a. uncovered ; bare ; simple ; 

plam.—odz;. ukedly.— 72. ukedneaa. 
naina, nfim, n. that by which a person or 

thing is called ; title ; reputation ; behalf. 

—v.t. to give a name to ; designate by 

name. [scure. j 

namalata, nftm'les, a. without a name ; ob-i 
naoMly. nftm'li, adv. by name ; that is to say. 
namaaaka, nflm'sftk, n. one having the same 

name as another. [cloth. I 

aaakaan, nan-k6n% n. a buff-colored cotton] 
1^^. nap, n. a short sleep.— v.i. to Uike a 

short sleep. 

nap. nap, 11. woolly fibres on the surface of 

nape, nftp, n. the back of the neck. 

nanhtha, naf th^^ i^i>pS 't- a bituminous oil 
from coal ; petroleum.— «. naphthaUna. 

napkin, nap'kin, n. cloth to wipe the hunds 
at table. [flowering plant. 1 

nardaana, nftr-sis'us, n. a bulbous-rooted | 

nareotie, n&r-kot'ik, a. inducing sleep or 
torpor.— n. a medicine inducing sleep. 

narrate, na-rat', v.t. to tell ; recite.— n. narra'- 
tion. [count ; recital.) 

narrative, nar'^-tiv, a. narrating.— w. an ar-| 

narrow, nar'O, a. having little breadth or ex- 
tent ; illiberal ; close.— z\/. to make nar- 
row.— v.i. to become narrow.— otfr. 
rowly.— «. 1 

narwhal, nar- 
wal, nftr'- 
w^l, n. 
species ol 
with a pro- ^arwnal. 

jecting tusk. 

Ml, nft'z^l, a. pertaining to the nose ; 
sounded through the nose.— n. a letter 
sounded throu^ the nose. 

naaoant, nas'ent, a. beginning to exist; 
springing up. 

n»«*y, nfts'ti, a. filthy ; disgusting. 

natal, nft'tal, a. pertaining to birth. 

nation, na'shun, ti. people of one stock, or 
under a single government.— a. national 

nationality, nash-un-al'i-ti, n. state of being 
a nation ; national character. 

native, na'liv, a. produced by nature ; in- 
born ; pertaining to the place of one^s 
birth,— n. one born in any place. 

nativity, na-tiv'i-ti, n. time, place, or circum- 
stances of birth. 

natty, nat'i, a. neat ; spruce. 

natnral, nat'yur-^l, nat'chur-^1, a. pertaining 
to, produced by, or according to, nature : 
not affected or artificial. [nature. 

natonliat, nat'yur-^l-ist, n. a student of| 

naturalise, -iae, nat'ynr-^Mz, v.t, to make, 
natural ; acclimatize ; confer citizenship 
on.— n. natnraliia'tion. 

nature, na'tyur, na'chfir, w. established or- 
der of things ; the universe ; essential 
qualities ; native disposition ; character. 

naught, nfit, n. nothing. — adv. in no degree. 

nanghly, nat'i, a. bad ; perverse.— n. nangh- 
tineaa. [disgust. I 

naoaea, nfi'she-^, ?). sickness of the stomach ;| 

nanaeate, nfi'sh^-ftt, r.t. to fill with diagust ; 
loathe.— »'.i. to feel disgust. 

nanaeona, n&'Hh^us, a. disgusting. 

dbze; flse, rfile, poll, up; oil, out; thin, th&; get, jet; kin, sin; chip, az(zh)are. 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 




nautical, na'tik-^, a. pertaining to sliips, 

sailors, or navigation, 
nantilns, n&'ti-lus, 

w. a univalve 

shell-fish, once 

supposed to be a 

naval, nfi'v^, a. 

pertaining t o 

naviL n&v, n. mid- 

nave, nftv, n. part of a wheel through which 
the axle passes ; hub. 

naval, nfi^vl, n. small depression in the mid- 
dle of the belly. [by ships. I 

navigable, nav'i-ga-bl, a. that may be passed | 

naviffate, nav'i-gat, v.f. to manage, as a 
ship ; to sail on.—v.i. to sail. 

navigation, nav-i-gft'shun, n. act of sailing * 
art of managing ships, [manages a ship. 

navigator, nav'i-gft-tpr, n. one who sails orj 

navvy, nav'i, w. a laborer on a railroad or 
canal, [a nation ; their officers and men. I 

navy, nft'vl, n. a fleet of ships; war-vessels of | 

nay, nfl, adv. no ; not only. 

neap, nCp, a. low, as a tide. 

near, nSr, a. not far ; close ; intimate.— arft;. 
not far; almost.— v./. to approach. — n. 

nearly, nSr'li, adv. closely ; almost. 

near-sighted, nSr'sTt-ed, a. seeing well only 
when near the object ; not prudent. 

neat, net, a, tidy ; clean ; pure.— 71. neatneu. 

nebua. neb^yA-Ift, n. misty luminous spot in 
the heavens.—/?^, nelmla. 

nelmlar, neb'yA-l^r, a, pertaining to nebulae. 

nebnloni, neb'yii-lus, a. cloudy ; mistv ; re- 
lating to, or like, a nebula.— n. nebnloe'ity. 

neeesaaiy. nes'es-^ri, a. indispensable ; un- 
avoidable. — n. something indispensable. 

neeessttate, ng-ses'l-tfit, v.t. to render neces- 
sary ; compel. 

neoesntoni, ne-ses'i-tns, a. needv ; destitute. 

leoessity, ng-ses'i 

compulsion ; need ; poverty. 


neeessity, ng-ses'i-ti, n. that which must be ; 
compulsion ; need ; poverty. 

neek, nek, n. part between the head and 
body ; anvthing like a neck. [the neck. I 

neeklaee, nek' las, n. string of beads, etc., for| 

necrology, ng-krol'p-ji, n. register of deaths • 
accounts of the dead. [wizard. 

neeromaneer, nek'rp-man-s^r, n. a sorcerer;] 

neeromancy, nek'ro-man-si, n. art of sum- 
moning departed spirits, esp. to learn the 
future ; sorcery. — a. neereman'tio. 

neeropolis, ng-krop'p-lis, n. a cemetery. 

neetar, nek't^r, n. the fabled drink of the 
gods.— o. neeta'rean. 

neetarine, nek't^-rin, n. a smooth variety of 

the peach. [contains the honey. I 

neetary, nek'tg.-ri, 11. part of a flower which | 
need, ii6d, n. ntniessi^ ; want ; destitution.- 

v.t. to want ; require.— v.i. to be compelled, 

or under necessity. 
needfU, ned'ful,* a. necessary ; requisite, 
needle, n€'dl, n. pointed instmment for sew- 
ing ; magnetic bar of a compass ; slender 

needless, nSd'les, a. unnecessary, 
needs, nCdZj adv. of necessity, 
needy, nCd'i, a. in need ; poor, 
ne'er, nar, adv. contraction of never, 
neflurioni, ng-fa'ri-ns, a. impious ; villainous, 
negation, ng-^fi'shun, n. denial, 
negative, neg'^tiv, a. denying; implying 

absence.— w. a denial, or woi-d indicating 

it.— v.t. to prove the contrary ; deny or 

negleet, ueg-lekt', v.t. to leave uncared for; 

disregara ; carelessly omit.— w. disr^ard ; 

omission. [less ; slighting. 

n^leetfU, neg-lekt'ful, a. neglecting ; care-| 
negligent, neg'li-jent, a. neglecting ; careless, 
negotiable, iifi-gO'shi-^-bl, a. that may be 

negotiato, n£-gG'shi-St, v.i. to bargain ; treat 

with.— v.t. to arrange by agreement ; sell. 

—n. negotia'tion. [/em. negress.! 

negro, nS'grO, n. one of the black race.— | 
n^h, nft, v.i. to cry as a horse.— n. cry of a 

neighbor, nft'bpr, n. one who lives near 

another.— r.i. to live or be near ; adjoin, 
neighborhood, nft'bpr-hud, n. place near • vi- 

cmity. [social ; friendly.! 

neiffhborly, n&'l)9r-li, a. befitting a neighbor ;| 
neitner, nS7A?r, pron. not either. — conj. not ; 

nor. [ing power : retribution.! 

nemesis, nem'e-sis, n. a retribntive or aveng-l 
neology, ne-or'9-ji, n. introduction of new- 
words or doctrines.- a. neolog'ie.— n. neel'- 


neophvte, ne'9-flt, a. a new convert ; novice, 
nepenthe, ng-pen'the, n. a drink supposed to 
dispel sorrow. [sister.' 

nephew, nev'fl, nef 'fl, n. son of a brother or, 

nepotism, nep'9-tizm, n. favoritism to one'^ 
relations. [nepotism. I 

nepotist, nep'o-tist, ft. one who practises I 

nweid, nC'rfi-iu, n. a sea-nymph. 

nerve, n6rv, n. organ which transmits sensa- 
tions to, or impulses from, the brain ; firm- 
ness ; courage.— ».i. to give vigor to. 

nerveless, nSrv'les, a. without strength. 

nervons, n^rv'us, a. strong; vigorous; having 
weak or irritable nerves. — adv. nervoosly. 

ace, air, add, ftrm, ftsk, &11, vis^e ; sgvgre, ebb, h6r, maif^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, fifl. 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 





, nesh^i-ens, n. want of knowledge ; 

dmI^ nest, n. place where eggs are laid and 
hatched ; bed formed by a bird ; com- 
fortable residence. [fortably.l 

BMtle, ncB^l, v.i. to lie close ; settle com-| 

nestling, nest'ling, n. a yoang bird in the nest. 

net, net, n. instmment 
of twine knotted in 
meshes for catching 
fish, etc. ; a light open 
fabric ; a snare. — v.t. 
to form as network ; 
take with a net. [yield in clear profit. I 

net net, a. clear of all deductions.— ».<. to| 

nether, neth'^r^ a. lower.— svperl. nethennort. 

netting, netting, n. piece of network. 

nettle, netM, n. a plant covered with stinging 
hairs.— r./. to sting ; irritate. 

nennlgin, ntl-rarji-^ n. a painful nervous 
aflEection.— «. nenzijgie. [gender. I 

nevter, nfl't^r, a. of neither party; or neither) 

nentnl, ntl'tr^l, a. of neither party ; in- 
different.— n. person or nation that takes 
no part in a contest.— ;z. nentnl^ity. 

nentnuiM, -ise, n1I'tr9.1-Tz, v.t. to render neu- 
tral ; counteract.— ra. nentnlisa'tion. 

nerer. nev'^r, adv. at no time ; in no degree. 

nererthelets, nev-er-<Ae-les' adv. notwith- 
standing ; in spite of that ; still. 

new, nfl, a. recent ; strange ; modem ; fresh. 
—adv. newly.— n. newness. 

newel, nfi'el, n. central post of spiral stairs ; 
large post of a hand-rail. 

new-nngledl, nfi-fang'gld, a. novel. 

news, ntlz, n. recent account ; intelligence. 

newsmonger, nflz'mung-g^r, n. a dealer in, or 
reporter of, news. [lating news. I 

newipaptr, ntlz^pa'p^r, n. a paper for circu-| 

newt, nflt, fi. genus of ampnibious animals 
like lizards. 

noEt, nekst, a. neareBt— adv. in the place or 
time immediately after. 

nib. nib, n. a point. 

nikUe. nib^, n. a nipping ; small bite.— t?.^. 
and v.i. to take small bites of. 

liee, nTs, a. fastidious ; refined * requiring 
delicate discrimination or treatment ; ex- 
act ; agreeable.— arfi?. nieely. 

Bieetj, nl'se-ti, n. delicacy ; accuracy ; any- 
thmg delicate. 

nidia, nich, n. a recess in a wall. 

Bkk, nik, n. a notch ; exact point— v.^. to 
make a notch in ; to hit exactly. 

Biekd, nikM, n. a grayish-white metal ; a 
U. S. coin worth five cents. 

w^fcuMM nik'nftm, n. name given in sport 
or contempt. — v.t. to give a nickname to. 

nieee, n6s, n. daughter of a brother or sister. 

niello, ne-el'O, n. kind of ornamentation on 
silver In white and black. 

niggard, nig'^rd, n. a stingy person ; miser. 

niggard, niggardly, nig'^, -li, a. stingy ; 

nigh, nl, a. near. — adv. near ; almost. 

night, nit, n. time from sunset to sunrise ; 

nighteap. nit'kap, n. a cap for sleeping in. 

night-nuL nlt^fal, n. beginning of night. 

nightingale, nlt'in-gSU, n. small bird which 
sings at night. [hy night ; every night. I 

nightly, nltMi, a. happening at night.— <i£;i;.| 

nightmare, nit'mar, n. sense of oppression in 
sleep, often with frightful dreams. 

nightshade, nlt'shsd, n. a poisonous plant. 

nihilism, nrhil-izm, n. the doctrine or prin- 
ciples of nihilists. 

nihilist, nrhil-ist, one of a Russian sect or 
party advocating the destruction of all ex- 
isting forms of government and society.— 
a. nihiliit'ie. 

nihility, ni-hil'i-ti, nl-. n. nothingness. 

nimUe, nim'bl, a. quick ; brisk ; agile.— adv. 
nimbly.— n. nimueness. [or aureole. 

nimbus, nim'bus, n. the rain-cloud ; a haloj 

nine, nln, a. and n. eight and one.— ordinal. 
ninth. [balls. 

nineviiui, nln'pinz, n. a game with pins and| 

nineteen, nln'tSn, a. and n. nine and ten.— 
ordinal, nineteenth. [ordinal., ninetieth. I 

ninety, nln'ti. a. and n. nine times ten.— | 

ninny, ninM, n. a simpleton. 

nip, nip, v.t. to pinch ; blight ; destroy.— n. 
a pinch ; blignt. 

nippers, nip'^rz, small pincers. 

nipple, nip'lj n. a teat ; projection to receive 
a percnssion-cap. 

nit, nit, n. egg of a small insect. 

nitrate, nl'trftt, a. salt formed of nitric acid 
and a base. [—a. m'try. I 

nitre, nrter, n. nitrate of potash ; saltpetre.! 

nitrie, nl'trik, nitrons, nl'trns, a. pertaining 
to nitre ; contoining nitrogen. 

nitrogen, nl'tro-jen, n. an elementary gas, 
forming nearly four-fifths of atmospheric 
air.— n. nitrog^enooi. 

nitro-glyeerine, nI'tro-glis'?r-in, n. an explos- 
ive compound of nitric acid and glycerine. 

no, no, a. not any. — adv. a word ofoenial or 

nobility. nO-bil'i-ti, n. quality of being noble ; 
dignity ; generosity ; body of noblemen. 

noble, nO'bl, a. illustrious ; exalted ; digni- 
fied ; generous. — n. a person of high social 
rank.— a^f . nobly.— n. noUenesi. 

nobleman, nO'bl-m^, n. man of exalted 
rank ; peer. 

nobody, nO'bp-di, n. no person. 

dbze ; Use, rfile, pall, up ; oil, out ; thin. 

i^ ; get^ jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



noetunal, nok-tar'n^, a. happening at 
night ; nightly ; active by night. 

nod, nod, u.i. to incline quickly ; move the 
head ; totter.— 1?.<. to incline ; bow tlic 
head.- «. a qaick bend of the head ; slight 

noddle, nod'l, n. the head. [f^^^'l 

noddy, nod'i, n. a Bimpleton ; kind of Bea-| 

nod«, nOd, n. a knot ; knob : point where a 
planet's orbit intersects the ecliptic. — a. 
no'daL (nodnltr.! 

nodule, nod'tll, n. small lump or knob. — a.\ 

noise, noiz, n. sound ; din. — v.t. to spread by 

noiseless, noiz^les, a. without noise ; silent. 

noisome, noi'sum, a. injurious to health * 
offensive. [— n. noisiness. 

nois7, noi'zi, a. making a noise ; clamorous. | 

nomad, nO'mad, n. one of a wandering tril>e. 
— a. nomad'ie. [names or terms. I 

nomenelatnre, nO'men-klftt-yur, a. system of | 

nominal, nom'i-n^l, a. existmgonly mname ; 
not real.— adv. nominallj. 

nominate, nom'i-nat, v.t. to name ; appoint ; 
propose.— n. nomina'tion. 

nominatiTe, nom'i-na-tiv, a. naming.— n. case 
of the subject of the verb. 

nominee, nom-i-n6% n. one nominated. 

non-, non, prefix implying not or negation. 

nonaige, non'^j, n. minority in age. 

nonagenarian, nO-na-jg-na'ri-an, ninety 
years old. [attend. I 

non-attendanee, non-at-tend'^ns, n. failure to | 

nonohalant, non'sh^-l^nt^ a. careless ; in- 

nondesorivt, non'dg-skript, a. not yet de- 
scribed ; new and strange. — n. something 
odd or novel. 

none, nun, a. and pron. not one ; not anv. 

nonentity, non-en'ti-ti, n. \vant of being : 
thing not existing; utterly insignificani 

nones, nOnz, in the ancient Roman 
calendar, the 7th of March, May, July, 
and October, and the 5th of the other 

nonpareil, non-p^rel', n. a person or thing 
unrivalled ; a small size of type. 

nonplus, non'plus, n. great difnculty ; per- 
plexity.— ».?. to perplex : puzzle. 

nonsense, non 'sens, n. words without mean- 
ing ; absurdity ; trifles.— a. nonsen'sieal. 

nonsuit, non'stlt, n, stopping of a suit at law. 
—v.t. to record against a plaintiff that the 
suit is drop})ed. 

nook, ndbk, w. a corner ; recess ; retreat. 

noon, ndbn, n. mid-day. 

noonday, noontide, ndbn'da, -tid, n. noon.— 
a. occurring at noon. 

ndbs, n. a running knot.— 1\/. to catch 
in a noose. [ing to neither or not.\ 

nor, n6r, corij. expressing denial, correspond-! 

normal} n6r'm^l, a. regular ; anald^cal ; 
serving as a stimdard. 

normal sdiool, ndr'm^l sk(ft)l, n. a school for 
the training of teachers. 

Norse, nOrs, a. pertaining to Norway or its 
people.— ». the language of Norway. 

north, ndrth, «. point or region opposite the 
sun at noon.— a. pertaining to, or situated 
in, the north. 

north-east, nOrth-est', n. point midway be- 
tween north and east.— a. north-east, north- 
eastern, [from, the north. I 

northerly, nOr^^A^r-li, a. being toward, or| 

northern, ndr'^^m, n. pertaining to the 
north, [north. — adv. toward the north. I 

northward, nOrth'w^rd, a. being toward the| 

north- wesi, nOrth-west', n. point midway be- 
tween north and west— «. north-west 
north-western. [smell. 

nose, nOz, n. the organ of smell.- «?.<. to| 

nosecay, nOz'gft, n. bunch of flowers. 

nosology, no-soPp-ji, n. classification of dis- 
eases, [the nose. I 

nostril, nos^tril, n. one of the openings ofj 

nostrum, nos'tmm, n. a secret remedy; 
quack medicine. 

not, not, adv. expressing denial or negation. 

notaUe, nO'ta-bl, a. remarkable; notorious. 
—n. notabil'ity. [writings.T-o. ntta'risLl 

notarr, nO't^ri, n. an officer who attests; 

notation, nO-tH'shun, n. act of noting; sys- 
tem of characters. [a cut or nick in. I 

notoh, noch, n. a cut or nick. — v.t. to makej 

note, not, n. a mark ; sign ; short remark or 
memorandum ; comment ; short letter ; 
paper promising payment of a debt ; fame ; 
In mus. character representing a sound ; a 
tone. — v.t. to make a note of ; notice ; 

noted, nOt'ed, a. marked ; well known. 

nothing, nuth'ing, n. not anything. 

nothingness, nutn'ing-nes, n. non-existence; 

notioe, nO'tis, n. attention ; observation ; in- 
formation ; warning. — v.t. to observe; 
see ; treat with attention. 

notieeaUe, nO'tis-^bl, a. worthy of notice. 

notify, nO'ti-fl, v.t. to give notice of; de- 
clare.— 7?. notifiea'tion. [jud&:ment| 

notion, nO'shun, n. conception ; opinion ;, 

notional. nO'shun-^, a. ideal ; fanciful ; 

notorious, nO-tO'ri-us, a. publicly known (in 
a bad sense) ; infamous.— n. noteri'efar. 

notwithstanding, not-wi^A-standMng,«wJ.and 
prp. nevertheless ; however ; in spite of. 

, air, add, arm, ^k, ^1, visage ; sgvfire, ebb, her, mftkf r ; Ice, inn ; Od^r, ox, dff, 

d by Google 

Digitized b 



novglit, nat, n. nothing.— adv. in no degree. 

novn^ noun, n. name of anything. 

nonnsh, nur'ish, v.t. to feed ; support ; nnr- 
tnre ; cherish. [nance. I 

noniishiiMnt, nur'ish-ment, fi. food ; sastc-l 

iMvel, nov'el, a. new ; unasoal.— ;i. a ficti- 
tious tale. 

nerelisi, nov'el-ist, n. a writer of novels. 

novdty, nov'el-ti, 71. newness ; anything new 
or strange. [the year. I 

November, nO-vem'b^r, n. eleventh month of | 

noviee, nov'is, n. a beginner ; inmate of a 
convent who has not yet taken the vow. 

novitiftte, nO-vish'i-at, n. state or time of be- 
ing a novice. 

now, nou, adv. at this time ; at one time. — 
coni. but; then ; things being so. [or time. 1 

nowuukys, nou'a-dftz, adv. at the present day| 

nowhere, nO'whar, adv. in no place. 

nowise, no'wiz "adr. in no degree. 

nozioiu, nok'shus, a. hurtful ; unhealthy ; 

nosile, noz'l, n. snout ; extremity ; spout. 

nnelens, ntl'klc-us, n. an^ central mass ; head 
of a comet.—;;/. nnoloL 

nnde, nfld, a. naked ; bare.— w. nn'dity. 

nndge, nuj, n. a slight push.— 1\^. to push 
gently. [no force, l 

nugatory, nll'ga-tp-rl, a. trifling ; vain ; of| 

nugget, nug'et, ?i. a lump of native metal. 

nuuanee, nfl's^ns, n. anything offensive or 

null, nul, a. void ; of no force.— «. nullity. 

nullify, nul'i-fT, v.t. to make void ; annul. — 
t). nulliflea'tion. 

nullity, nul'i-ti,/i. want of existence or force ; 
that which has no existence or validity. 

numb, nnm, a. torpid ; without sense or mo- 
tion. — v.t. to make numb. 

number, nnm'b^r, n. a collection of things or 
persons ; a unit ; verse ; in gram, differ- 
ence expressing the singular or plural.— 
v.t. to count ; reckon. [counted.! 

numberless, num'ber-les, a. more than can be| 

numenl, ntl'm^r-^l, a. relating to number.— 
n. character denoting a number. 

numerstion, ntl-m^r-ft'shun, n. act or art of 

nuBumtor, ntl'm^r-O-tpr, n. figure of a frac- 
tion expressing the number of parts taken. 

nnmerieal, ntl-mer'i-kal, a. consisting in num- 
ber.— aofv. numerioaJly. [numeronsness. I 

numerous, ntl'm^r-ns, a. being many.— /?.| 

numismntie, ntl-mis-matMk, a. pertaining to 
coins and medals, [of coins and medals. I 

numismsties, ntl-mis-mat'iks, n. the science| 

numskull, num'sknl, n. a blockhead. 

nun, nun, n. a woman who devotes herself to 
a religious life of celibacy and seclusion. 

nuneio, nun'shi-O, n. ambassador of the Pope, 
nuneupntive, nun-kfl'p^-tiv, a. verbal ; not 

nunnery, nun'^r-i, w. a convent of nuns, 
nuptinl, nup'sh^l, a. pertaining to marriage, 
nuptinls, nup'sh^z, marriage ; wedding 

nurse, nurs, w. one who nourishes or tends a 

child or sick person.- 1\<. to tend, as a 

child or sick person ; to manage with care, 
nursery, nur'ser-i, n. place for nursing; room 

for young cnildren ; place for rearing trees 

or plants, 
nursling, nurs'ling, n. one who is nursed ; 

an inrant. 
nurture, nurt'ynrj n. nourish- 
ment; education.— v./. to 

nourish ; bring up ; edu- 
nut, nut, n. fruit consisting jf^. 

of a kernel in a shell, 
nut, nut, n. small block screwed on a bolt, 
nutation, nll-ta'shun, n. vibratory motion of 

the earth's axis. 
nut-galL nut'gfil, n. same 

as gall-nut. 
nutm^, nut'meg, n. spicy 

nut of an E. Inuian 

tree. [nourishing.! 

nutrient, nO'tri-cnt, a.\ 
nutriment, nfi'tri-ment, n. 

that which nourishes ; 

nutrition, ntl-trish'un, n. 

act of nourishing, 
nutritions, nll-trish'us, //j 

nutritive, ntl'tri-tiv, a. W J. 

nourishing. \; 

nymph, nimf,n.amaiden; 

one of the minor god- 
desses.— a. nymphe'an. 


0, 0, 0, fifteenth letter of the alphabet. 

0, 0. int. expressing i)ain, wonder, desire. 

grief, etc. ; also in calling or 

oaf^ Of, n. a clown ; dolt. 
oak. Ok, n. genus of timber 

trees.— a. ode, oaken, 
oakum, Ok'um, n. old ropes 

pulled to pieces, used for 

calking ships' seams, 
oar. Or, w. instrument to row 

boats.— r.^ to row. 
oarsman, Orz'm^n, n. one who oak. 

rows with an oar. (LMTCsaad morm.) 

tise, rfile, p&ll, up ; oil, out ; 

thin, th6 ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

Digitized byCjOOQlC 




owif, OV^is, <;>'a'siH, fi. fertile spot in a 

oftt, Ot, n. a kind of grass, and its seed 
(used ctiiefly in the plural).— a. oat, oaten. 

oath, 0th, n. a solemn afiirmation with an 
appeal to God ; a blasphemous use of the 
name of the Deity. [— n. obdnraey. I 

obdurate, ob'dyfi-r^t, a. hardened \ stubborn.! 

obedienee, p-bS'di-ens, n. compliance with 
what is required.— a. obedient. 

obeiwnee, ^-bft'sans, 9-b6'-, n. act of rever- 
ence ; a bow. 

obelisk, obVlisk, n. a tall, four- 
sided, tapering pillar. 

obese, p-bSs', a. fat j corpulent— 

obey, 9-ba', v.t. to yield to ; com- 
ply with the o " 
do as ordered. 

)iy with the orders of.— v.i. to 

obitnary, o-bit'yu-^-ri, a. relat- 
ing to tne death of apnerson. 

objeet ob'jekt, n. anything set 
beiore the mind or senses ; 
thing perceived or thought 
of ; end ; motive. 

olgeet, ob-^ekt', v.t. to offer in 
opposition.- tJ.i. to oppose. 

obieetion, ob-jek'shun, n. adverse reason. 

objeetionaUe, ob-1ek'shun-^-bl, a. liable to 
objection : not to be approved. 

objeetbe, ob-jek'tiv, a. relating to an object ; 
exterior to the mind ; denoting the case 
which follows a transitive verb. — n. ob- 


ieetiyeness, olneetiv'ity. 
obTeetor. ob-jek't9r, n. on 
olgargaie, ob-jur'gftt, i 

. one who objects. 
. „ , r.<. to reprove ; chide; 
scoid.— n. ol^nrsa'tion.- a. omnr'gatory. 

oUate, ob-lat', a. aepressed at the poles. 

oUation, ob-lS'shun, n. an offering. 

obligation, ob-Ii-gft'shun, n. anything that 
constrains or obliges ; binding force ; 
bond ; favor ; debt of gratitude. 

obligatory, ob'li-giji-tp-ri, a. binding ; com- 
pulsory, [favor. I 

obuge, 9-blIV, v.t. to constrain ; bind by a| 

obliging, 9-blIj'ing, a. disposed to confer 
favors : kind. 

oblique, ob-iek', -Ilk', a. slanting : not per- 
pendicular, not parallel ; indirect.— «. 
obUq'nity. [—n. oUitera'tion.! 

obliterate, ob-lit'^r-at, v.t. to blot out ; efface. | 

oblivion, ob-liv'i-on, n. act of forgetting ; 
state of being forgotten.— a. oblivions. 

oblong, ob'lOng, a. longer than broad.— n. an 
oblong figure. [calumny.' 

obloquy, ob'19-kwi, n. censure; reviling ;| 

obnozions, ob-nok'shus, a. liable ; censura- 
ble ; offensive. 

oboe, 0'b9-i, see hautboy. 

obsoene, ob-sSn', a. unchaste ; disgusting.- 
n. oMwen'ity (ob-sen'i-ti). 

obseure, ob-sktir', a. dark ; indistinct ; not 
easily understood ; unknown ; humble. — 
n. obscurity.— ^?.<. to darken ; make less 
plain.— w. obscura'tion. [monies. I 

obsequies, ob's£-kwiz, funeral cere-| 

obsequious, ob-sS'kwi-us, a. meanly submis- 
sive or compliant. 

observable, ob-z6rv'^bl, a. that may be ob- 
served; worthy of observation. 

observanoe, ob-z6rv'^ns, «. act of observing ; 
performance ; something to be observed : 
rule; custom. [tlve. 

observant, ob-z^rv'^nt, a. regardful ; atten-| 

observation, ob-z^r-va'shun, n. act of observ- 
ing ; attention ; remark. 

dbsemttry, ob-z^rv'^t9-ri, n. place for as- 
tronomical observations. 

observe, ob-zerv', v.t. to notice ; regard at- 
tentively ; i-emark ; comply with, [rock. I 

obsidian, ob-sid'i-^n, n. a vitreous volcanic| 

obsolete, ob's9-iet, a. gone out of use ; anti- 
quated, [obstruction. I 

obstacle, ob'st^kl, n. that which hinders ;| 

obstetrics, ob-stet'riks, n. science of mid- 
wifery.— a. obstetrie. [ing.— n. dbstinacT.! 

obstinate, ob'sti-n^t, a. stubborn ; unyield-| 

obstreperous, ob-strep'^r-us, a. clamorous ; 

obstruct, ob-strukt^ v.t. to block up ; hinder. 

obstruction, ob-struk'shun, u. act of obstmct- 
Ing ; anything which obstructs. 

obstructive, ob-strukt'iv, a. hindering. 

obtain, ob-tan', v.t. to gain ; get.—v.i. to be 
established or prevalent. [tained.l 

obtainable, ob-tan'a-b1, a. that may be ob-| 

obtest, ob-test', v.t. to call to witness ; in- 
voke.— ». obtesta'tion. 

obtrude, ob-trfid'. v.t. to thrust in or npon ; 
urge upon against the will.— n. t' 

ob-ttis', a. blunt; not pointed; 

greater than a right angle ; stupid,- w. 
obtuseness. [the principal figure. I 

obverse, ob'v^rs, n. side of a coin containingi 

obviate, ob'vi-at, v.t. to remove, as a diflDcnlty. 

obvious, ob'vi-us, a. evident.— n. obvioumcM. 

occasion, ok-ka'zhnn, n. occurrence ; oppor- 
tunity ; cause ; need.— v.t. to cause. 

occasional, ok-ka'zhun-^, a. occurring only 
at times ; accidental ; produced on some 
special occasion. fcasion ; at times. I 

occasionally, ok-ka'zhun-^l-i, adv. upon oc-| 

Occident, ok'si-dent, n. the West.— a. aod- 
dent'al [a. oceifitaLI 

occiput, ok'si-pnt, w. the back of, the head.— | 

occlusion, ok-klll'zhun, n. a shutting up. 

occult, oK-kult', a. secret ; hidden. 

ace, §lr, add, arm, ftsk, ill, vis^e ; sfivSre, ebb, h6r, mak^r ; Ice, inn ; Od^r, ox, Off, 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 




•eraltotion, ok-kul>tS'Bhnn, n. act of conceal- 
ing, €«p. of one heavenly body by another. 

OMnpaaey, ok'ya-p^n-si, n. possesHion. 

•oenpuit, ok'yu-j>^nt, n. one who occupies. 

Meapa;tton, ok-yu pft'shun, n. act of occupy- 
ing ; state of being occupied ; employ- 
ment, [sion of ; fill ; cover ; employ. I 

•eenpy, ok'yii-pl, v.t. to take or hold posses- 1 

eeeiir, ok-kur\ v.t. to come into the mind * 
to happen ; be found. [ance. 

o«nirreno0. ok-kur'ens, n. an event ; appear- 1 

oeeui, O'sh^n, n. the ^eut body of water on 
the globe, or one of its main uivisionB.— a. 
oeeanie (O-shfi-an'ik). 

o«6lot, O'eg-lot, n. the American leopard. 

oehre, O'k^r, n. a fine clay colored with iron ; 
pigment prepared from it. 

oeugon, ok'ta-gpn, n. plane fig- 
ure of eight angles and sides. 
—a. oetag'onaL 

oetahedron, ok - ta - hed' rQn, d. 
solid figure of eight equal tri- 
angular sides. 

oetave, ok'tftv, n. the seventh 
day following a church festival ; in miLS. 
interval of an eighth, or twelve semitones. 

octavo, ok-ta'vo, -t|'-, n. a book having eight 
leaves to the sheet ; (contracted 8voJ. 

Oetobor, ok-tO'b^r, n. tenth month of the 
year. [eighty years old. I 

ootogenuita, ok-to-jg-na'ri-^n, n. one who isl 

oetopoi, ok'tp-pus, -to'"-, n. an eight-armed 
marine animal ; kind of cuttle-fish. 


oevlar, ok'yu-l^r, a. pertaining to the eye or 
sight ; visual. [eases of the eye. I 

oevlift. ok'yu-list. n. one who treats ais-l 
odd, od, a. not paired ; not divisible by two : 
remaining ; strange. [person or thing.l 
oddity, odM-ti, n. strangeness ; a singalarl 
oddf, odz, inequality ; difference ; ad- 
vantage ; compensation for inequality. 
ode, Od, n. a song ; lyric poem. 

odious, G'di-ns, a. hateful. [offensivcneBs.l 

odium, O'di-uip, n, hatred ; strong dislike ;| 

odor, O'dpr, n. scent ; estimation. 

odoriferous, O-dpr-if ^r-us, odorous, O'dpr-us, 
a. fragrant. 

o'er, Or, contracted from over. 

OBSophagus, €-sof 'a-gus, n. the gullet. 

ofi ov, prp. from ; out from ; among ; per- 
taining to. [on. I 

o£ 6f, adv. away ; not ow.—prp. from ; not| 

olnl, of 'f^, n. refuse ; garbage. 

offend, of-fend^ v.t. to affront ; displease. — 
v.i. to give offense ; violate law. 

offender, of-fend'^r, n. one who offends • 
trespasser ; law-breaker. [sin ; anger.] 

offense, offenoe, of -fens', n. injury; affront;! 

offensiye, of-fens'iv, a. displeasing ; disgust- 
ing ; attacking.— n. act or posture of at- 

offer, of'rpr, v.t. to propose ; present ; at- 
tempt ; undertake.—^, a proposal ; ad- 
vance ; anything offered. [sacrifice. I 

offering, of'f^r-ing, n. that which is offered ;| 

off-hand, OPhand, adv. or a. at once ; with- 
out preparation. 

offioe, of 'fis, n. duty ; public emplojrment ; 
business ; place of business. 

offioer, of'fl-s^r, n. one who holds an office. 
—v.t. to furnish with officers. 

official, of -fish 'al, a. pertaining to an office ; 
done by authority.— w. one who holds an 
office. [duties. I 

officiate, of-fish'i-&t, v.t. to perform official] 

officious, of-fish'us, a. over-obliging; med- 
dling, [from the shore. I 

offing, offing, n. part of the sea at a distance] 

offseouring, or'skour-ing, n. refuse ; anything 

oiEset, df 'set, n. anything set against another 
as an equivalent ; a young shoot or bulb. 
— v.t. to place against as an equivalent. 

offspring, di'spring, n. children ; issue ; pro- 

oft, 6ft, often, 6f'n, adv. frequently, [times.] 

ofkentimes, Of'n-tlmz, adv. often ; manyj 

Ogee, O-jS', n. moulding or arch with convex 
and concave curves. [side-glance, j 

ogle, O'gl, v.t. to glance sideways at.— n. a] 

ogre, O'g^r, n. a faonlous monster or giant. 

on, 0, int. denoting pain, sorrow, surprise, etc. 

ohm, Om, n. unit of resistance to an electric 

oil, oil, n. the unctuous juice of the olive ; 
any liquid grease.- r.<. to smear or anoint 
with oil. [n. oiliness.! 

oily, oil'i, a. like oil ; unctuous ; smooth.—] 

ointmeni oint'ment, n. a medicine mixed 
with fat and applied externally. 

okra, ok'rsi, n. plant with edible pods ; gumbo. 

dbze ; Use, rfile, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, th^ ; 

get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)ure. 
Digitized by LjOOQIC 




oli, Old, a. aged * that has existed long ; an- 
cient ; out of date. 

olden, Old'n, a. old ; ancient. 

olMginou, O-le-aj'i-nns, a. oily. 

oleomargarine, O'lg-p-milr'gar-in, n. Bubstance 
resembling butter, prepared from animal 
fat. [sense of smell. I 

oUiwtory, ol-fak'to-ri, a. pertaining to the| 

oliguehy, oPi-g&r-ki, n. government by a few. 

•lio, oryO, n. dish of mingled ingredients ; 

oliye, ol'iv, ». tree bearing an oily fruit ; its 
fruit ; peace, of which it was the emblem : 
a brownish green. [in Grecian history. 

olympiad,' O-lim'pi-ad, n. period of four years] 

Olympie, 0-lim'pik, a. pertaining to Olympia 
or Its public contests. [^alphabet. I 

Omega, O'meg-ft, w. last letter of the Greek) 

omelet, om'e-let, n. a preparation of eggs 
and milk beaten to a froth and fried. 

omen, O'men, n. a sign of some future event. 

ominoQi, om'i-nus, a. containing an omen : 
foreboding evil. [n. omis'iion. 

omit o-mit', t;.^ to leave out: neglect.— I 

omiwtns, om'ni-bus, n. large four-wheeled 
vehicle for passengers. 

omnipotent, om-nip'o-tent, a. all-powerful ; 
almighty.— n. omnipotenee. 

omnipreient, om-ni-prez'ent, n. present every- 
where.— n. omnipresenee. 

omniieient, om-nish'ent, a. all-knowing ; in- 
finitely wise.— «. omniaeienee. 

omniTorona, om-niv'9-rus, a. all-devouring ; 
feeding on both animal and vegetable food. 

on, on, prp. in contact with the upper part 
of ; at ; during ; to ; with ; for ; upon ; oy ; 
after. -—adv. forward ; not oflf, 

once, wuns, adv. at one time ; a single time. 

one, wun, a. single ; undivided ; the same.— 
71. oneneM. [onaneas.l 

onerona, on'^r-us, a. burdensome.— n. oner-| 

onion, un'yun, n. plant with a bulbous root 
used for food. [merely. I 

only. On'li, a. single; alone.— arfD. singly;! 

oniei, on'set, n. an assault. 

onolanght, on'sl&t, n. violent attack ; assault. 

Ontolonr, on-tol'9-ji, n. science which treats 
of tne nature and existence of beings.— a. 
ontolog'ie, ontolog'ioaL 

onward, on'w^rd, a. advanced; advancing. 
— adv. forward. 

onyx, on'iks, n. a precious stone. 

ooie, dbz, n. soft mud.— i?.i. to flow gently ; 
percolate. — a. ooiy. (colors. 

opal, O'pal, n. a precious stone of changeable! 

opaleteent, 0-paI-es'ent, a. like an opal. 

opaque, o-p&k% a. not transparent.— n. opae'- 

ope, Op, open. 

open, Op'n, a. not shut or inclosed ; not close ; 
free for use ; public ; frank.— d./. to make 
open ; begin. — v.i. to become open ; begin. 
— adv. openly.— n. openneai. 

eipening, Op'n-ing, n. an aperture ; beginning. 

open^ op'^r-a, n. a musical drama.— a. oper- 

opera-glaas. op'er-a-glas, n. a small telescope, 
usually double, used at theatres, etc. 

operate, op'^r-ftt, v.i. to exert power • pro- 
duce eflfect ; tict.—v.t. to effect ; produce. 

operation, op-^r-a'shun, n. agency ; influence* 
action ; surgical act. [effects. 

operatiye, op'^r-^-tiv, a. acting; producingi 

operator, op'^r-a-tpr, n. one who operates. 

operose, op'^r-Os, a. requiring labor ; toil- 

ophieleide. of 'i-klTd, n. a large keyed trumpet. 

ophthalmia, of-thal'mi-a, n. inflammation of 
the eye. [eye. ! 

ophthalmic, of-tlial'mik, a. pertaining to the; 

ophthalmoloi^. of-tbal-moi'9-ji. n. science 
dealing witli the eye and its diseases. 

narcotic. [tion. 

opinion, 9-pin'yun, n. mental judgment ; no-| 

opinion, 9-pii 

opiate, O'pi-^t, n. medicine containing opium ; 

' 'ii . . 

9-pin'yun-at-ed, opiniMative, 
9-pin'yun-a-tiv, a. tenacious of opinion : 
stubborn. Ipoppy. 

opinm, O'pi-um, n. narcotic juice of the] 

opoMun, 9-pos'um, n. a 
pouch-bearing quadm- ; 

opponent, op-pO'nent, a. op- 
posing.—/*, an opposer ; 

opportone, op-p^r-tfln', a. 
timeljr ; seasonable. 

opportnnist, op-p9r-tfln'ist, 
n. one who regulates his 
actions by expediency 
rather than principle. 

opportunity, op-p9r-ttln'i-ti, 
n. fit or convenient time ; 

oppoBC, op-pOz', b.t. to set 
against ; resist ; compete 

oppoiite, op'p9-zit, a. facing ; adverse ; con- 
trary. — n. anything opposed or contrary ; 

oppontion, op-p9-zish'un, n. state of being 
opposite ; resistance ; repugnance ; con- 
trariety ; obstacle ; party opposed to the 
existing administration. 

oppreta, op-pres', v.t. to burden ; rule with 

oppresaion, op-presh'un, n. act of oppressing ; 
severity ; tyranny. 

ace, air, add, arm, ftsk, ftll, vis^e ; ggvCre, ebb, h6r, mak^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, dff. 

Digitized by V3OOQ iC 





opBrwsiye, op - pres' iv, a. burdensome ; 

heavy ; tyrannical.— «. oppressiyenets. 
oppressor, op-pres'pr, n. one who oppresses ; 

opprobrious, op-prO'bri-us, a. disgraceful ; 

infamous ; expressing opprobrium, 
opprobriiun, op-prO'bri-um, n. contemptuous 

reproach ; disgrace. 
opvnkn, op-pfln', v.t. to oppose ; combat 
^tanve. op't^tiv, a. expressing desire.— /i. 

mood or the verb expressing a wish. 
optio, optieal, op'tik, -^1, a. pertaining to 

vision or optics. 
optician, op-tish'^n, n. one who makes or 

sells optical instruments. 
opties, op'tiks, n. science of the laws of 

vision and light. 
optimism, op'ti-mizm, n. doctrine that all 

things are ordered for the best. 
optimist, op'ti-mist, 7%. believer in optimism * 

one who takes cheerful views, [choice. 
option, op'shun, n. act or power of choosing ;| 
optional, op'shun-^1, a. left to choice, 
opulent, op'yu-lent, a. wealthy.— n. opnlenoe. 
or, 6r, conj. marking an alternative. 
oraele,or'^-kl, n. answer given by a divinity ; 

place where such answers were delivered ; 

very wise person.— w.j9^. prophetic revela- 
tions. — a. orae'nlar. [—arf??. orally. I 
oral, O'r^, a. uttered by the mouth ; spoken. | 
orange, or'anj, n. a tree bearing a gold-col- 
ored fruit ; its fruit ; a color between yel- 
low and red.— n. of tiie color of an orange. 
orang-«iitang, 0-rang- 

u-tangr', n. a large 

Asiatic ape. 
oration, O-rft'shun, n. 

an elaborate public 

orator, or'^tor, n. a 

public speaker ; el- 
oquent person ; in 

law^ a petitioner. 
on^rio, or-^-tO'ri-0, 

n. a musical drama 

on a religious 

oratory, or'^-tp-rl, n, 

a place of prayer ; 

art of public 

speaking.— a. ora- 

orb, 6rb, n. a circle ; 

sphere; celestial 

body. [ing the form of an orb. I 

orbed, 6rbd, orbienlar, Or-bik'yu-l^r, a. hav-| 
orbit, Orb'it, n. circular course ;' path of a 

heavenly body ; cavity of the eye.— a, 


dbze ; flse, rfile, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, tJi^ ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)uro. 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 

orchard, "dr'ch^rd, n. an inclosure of fruit 

orchestra, 6r'kes-trft, n. part of a theatre ap- 
propriated to the musicians; the musi- 
cians.— a. orchestral. 

orchestrion, Gr-kes'tri-^n, n. an elaborate 
musical instrument played by machinery. 

orchid, 6r'kid, orchis, or'kis, n. a genus of 
flowering plants. 

ordain, 6r-dan', v.t. to appoint ; establish ; 
decree ; invest with sacerdotal functions. 
—n. ordina'tion. 

ordeal, 6r'dg-^l, n. ancient form of trial by 
appealing to the judgment of God ; any 
severe trial. 

order, Or'd^r, n. regular arrangement ; quiet ; 
rule ; command ; a class or society .—/>/. 
the Christian ministry.— t;.^. to arrange ; 

orderly, Or'd^r-li, a. In order ; regular ; 
quiet. — adv. regularly.— ». a soldier at- 
tending on an ofticer. 

ordinal. or'di-n^J, a. showing order or suc- 
cession. — n. number noting order ; ritual 
for ordination. [rule.l 

erdhiance, 6rMi-n^ns, n. law ; established! 

ordinary, dr'di-n^-ri, a. usual ; common ; 
inferior.— ac?». orainarily.— n. ecclesiasti- 
cal judge ; prison chaplain ; public table. 

ordnance, ord'n^ns, n. heavy guns : artillery. 

ordure, drd'yur, n. dirt ; dung, [bination.l 

ore. Or, n. mineral containing metal in com-l 

or|^ 6r'gan, n. an instrument ; system of 
parts to perform any natural function ; 
medium of communication ; an instru- 
ment of music. 

organic, dr-gan'ik, a. containing, or pertain- 
ing to, organs ; derived from animals or 
vegetables ; pertaining to construction. 

organism, dr'g^n-izm, n. organic structure. 

organist, 6r'g^n-ist, n. one who plays on the 

organise, -ise, dr'g^n-Iz, v.t. to form, as an 
organic body ; to furnish with officers and 
rules, as a meeting or society ; arrange.— 
n. organiia'tion, organi'sation. 

orgie, orgy, 6r'ji, n. a 
wild or drunken 

oriel, O'ri-el, n. a large 
projecting window. 

onent, O'ri-ent, a. ris- 
ing, as the sun; 
eastern ; bright.— 
a. orient'aL 

Orient, O'ri-ent, n. the 
East. [opening.! 

orifice, or'i-fis,«. a hole;| 

origin, or'i-jin, n. beginning ; source ; cause. 





O-rii'i-nflJ, a. ftret ; not copied or 
iTuitated ; having new thoughts or ideas. 
— n. origin ; first copv ; mngnage not 
translatcKi.— ;». origiiiAllty. 

originate, O-rij'i-nat, v.L to give origin to.— 
v.i. to have origin ; begin.— n. originft'timi. 

oritle, O'ri-Gl, n. a 
bird with black 
and yellow 

Orion, O-rl'pn. n. 
the most splen- 
did constella- 
tion of the 
northern hemi- 

orison, or'i-zpn, n. 
apraver. q^^, 

orlop, or'lop, n. v^ixv^.c. 

deck below the berth-deck. 

ornament, 6v' n^ - raent, n. decoration ; 
beauty.— r.^. to adorn ; decorate.- «. or- 

ornate, 6r'n{lt, a. adorned : decorated. 

omitiiologift, dr-ni-thorp-jist, n. one versed 
in ornithology. 

ornithology, 6r-ni-thol'9-ji, n. science of the 
nature and habits of birds.— a. omitholog'- 
ioal. [mountains and valleys, as a map. I 

oro^phie, or-O-graf'ik, a. showing the| 

oroide, O'rO-Td, n. an alloy resembling gold. 

orphan, Or'f^n, w. child bereft of eituer par- 
ent, or of both.— a. bereft of parents. 

orphanage, dr'f^n-^j, n. state of being an or- 
phan ; home for orphans. [arsenic. I 

orpimeni^ 6r'pi-ment, n. a native sulphide of | 

orrery, or'e-ri, n. instrument to illustrate 
planetary motions. [— n. orthodoxy. ' 

orthodox, dr'thp-doks, a. correct in doctrine. I 

orthoeoist, 6r-thO'e-pist, Or'thp-, n. one 
skilled in pronunciation. 

orUkoepy, 6r'th9-e-pi, n. con*ect pronuncia- 
tion.— a. orthoep'ieaL 

orthography, 6r-thog'r^fi, n. correct spelling. 
—ti. orthograph'ie, orthograph'ieaL 

orthopsdia, -pod-, 6r'th0-p6'di-a, n. the art of 
remedying human 
deformities.— a. 
orthopsdie, -pedie. 

ortolan, Or'tp-T^n, n. 
the bunting, or 

osage orange, O'saj 
or'^nj, n. an Ameri- 
can tr<'C used for 

oseillaie, oK'ni-iat, vA. 
to swing ; ttuctu- 
ate. -n . oecilla'tion. Ortolan, 


osenlate, os'kyu-lftt, v.t. and r.i. to kiss ; 
touch, as curves. — n. oeenla'tion.— a. os'en- 

Ofier, O'zh^r, n. the water-willow or its 
twigs.— a. made of 

otmiiim, oz'mi-um, n. a 
rare and very hard 

Ofnabug, oz'n^burg, n. 
a coarse flaxen cloth. 

otprey. os'prft, n. the fish- 

oueona, os'sg-us, a. of, or 
like, bone. 

Oitif^, os'si-fl, v.t. and 
v.i. to make or be- 
come like bone ; 
harden.— n. oaufloa'- 

oetenaible, os-ten'si-bl, a. 
apparent ; declared.— n. osteniihil'ity. 

ostentation, os-ten-tft'- 
shun, n. chow; 
ambitious display. 
—a. ostentations. 

w^Mlogff os-te-or^- 
ji, n. part of anat- 
omy which treats 
of the bones. 

ostraeise, -ise, os'tr^- 
sTz, v.t. to banish, 
or exclude from 
society.— n. Mtra- 

ostrich, os'trich, n. 
large swift-run- 
ning bird, found 
in Africa. 

other, u/A'^r, a. and 
pron. diflEcrent ; 
additional ; sec- Ostrich, 

ond of two. 

otherwise, n^A'^r-wTz, adv. in another man- 
ner or way; in 
other respects. 

otter, ot'ter, n. 
large fish- 
catching wea- 

otto, see attar. 

Ottoman, ot'tp- 
m^n, a. per- 
taining to the 
Turks.— w. a Turk. 

ottoman, ot'tp-m^n, n. stuffed seat without a| 

oabliette, dbb-lg-et', ?i. a pit beneath a dun- 
geon, fis fit or necessarj-.i 

oaght, at, r .imjMrfect y is under obligation ;' 


[back. I 

ace, air, add, arm, ftsk, all, visage ; sgvere, ebb, her, raflk^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, Off, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 




•inee, oans, n. the one-sixteenth of a pound 
avoirdupois ; the one-twelfth of a pound 

onnee, ouns, n. wild animal of the cat kind. 

our, our, a. and pron. of us ; pertaining to us. 

ours, ouTz^pron. pertaining to us fpossessive 
of we). [flexive form of w« or ob. 

oimelTes, our-selvz% pron. emphatic and re- 
oust, oust, v.t. to eject. [beyond limits. 

out, out, adv. not within ; forth ; abroad ; 

out-, out-, prefix denoting excess^ going be- 
yond^ or superiority. 

outbAlukoe, out-bal'^ns, v.t. to exceed in 
weight or cflfect. 

ontbnik, out'brftk, n. a breaking forth. 

oatoMt, out'kftst, a. exiled ; rejected. — n. an 
exile ; one rejected by society. 

•uterj, out'kri, n. loud cry ; clamor. 

•ntdo, out-ddb', v.t. to surpass.— 7?./. outdid.— 
p.p. outdone. 

outfit, out'flt, n. equipment, [pass beyond. I 

outgrow, out-grO', v.t. to exceed in growth ;| 

outgrowth, out'grOth, n. an excrescence ; re- 

outlindish, out-land'ish, a. foreign ; strange. 

•utUw, out'ia, n. one out of the protection 
of the law ; a bandit.— t?,^ to exclude from 
the protection of the law. 

outUwry, out'ia-ri, a. act of outlawing. 

•utUT, out'la, n. expenditure. 

outlet ont'let, n. passage outward. 

outline, ont'lln, n. boundary line of a figure ; 
sketch ; draf t.— t;.^. to draw the outline of ; 

outUre, oat-liv', v.t. to survive. 

outlook, out'lAk, fj. watch ; prospect ; place 
for looking out. [camp or the main body. I 

oncost, out'jjOst, n. station away from a| 

output, out'put, n. production; amount of 

oumce, out'r^j, n. violent wrong ; gross in- 
inry. — v.t. to treat with violent wrong : 
Insult grossly. [atrocious ; disgraceful. 

otttrftgeous, ont-raj'ns, a. violent; rurious;| 

outrank, out-rangk', v.t. to rank higher than. 

outrider, out'rld-^r, n. an attendant on horse- 

entries^, out'rlg-g^r, n. frame projecting 
from the side of a boat to support a row- 

outright, ont'rlt, a. at once ; completely. 

outnm, out-mn', v.t. to surpass in running ; 

outset, out'set, n. beginning. 

outcide, out'sid, n. the exterior.— a. external. 
— adv. or pr)h on the outsiije. 

ontskirt, out'skert, n. Iwrder ; 8ul)urb. (ITpu- 
ally in plural.) fHcttled or uncollected.! 

outstanding, out'stand'ing, a. remaining un-| 

outstrip, out-strip', v.t. to surpass in speed ; 
exceed ; excel. 

outvie, out-vr, v.t. to exceed ; excel. 

outward, out' ward, a. external.— afZ«;. to- 
ward the outside. [parently. I 

outwardly, out'w^rd-li, adv. externally ; ap-| 

outwit, out-wit', v.t. to defeat by superior in- 
genuity, [outside the principal wall. I 

outwork, out'wurk, n. part of a fortification] 

oval, O'v^l, a. shaped like an egg.—n. an 
oval figure ; ellipse. [umph.l 

ovation, O-vS'shun, n. in Rome, a lesser tri-| 

oven, uv'n, n. arched or closed cavity for 

over, O'v^r, prp. above ; across ; on the sur- 
face of. — adv. above ; across ; from side 
to side ; more than. 

over-, O'v^r-, prefix adding the meaning of 
aawe, across^ or to excess to the simple 

overaeL O-v^r-akt', v.t. to act to excess. 

overaron, O-v^r-ftrch', v.t. to arch over. 

overawe, O-v^r-a', v.t. to impress with awe ; 
restrain by fear. [imperiously. 

overbear, O-v^r-bar', v.t. to overpower ; treatj 

overboard, O'v^r-Bord, adv. over the side of, 
or outside of, a ship. 

overcome, O-v^r-kum', v.t. to surpass ; con- 
quer • affect to excess. 

overhaul^ O-v^r-hai', v.t. to turn over and 
examine ; ransack ; overtake. 

overhear, O-v^r-hSr', v.t. to hear what is not 
intended to be heard. 

ovenoy, 0-v^r-joi', v.t. to transport with joy. 

overleaf, O'v^r-lSf, adv. on the other side of 
the leaf. ^ [spect ; neglect ; pardon. I 

overlook, O-v^r-luk', v.t. to look over ; in-| 

overmatch, O-v^r-mach', v.t. to be more than 
a match for. [power or skill. I 

overmatch, O'v^r-mach, n. one superior in| 

overmuch, O'v^r-much', a. and adv. too much. 

overplus, O'v^r-plus, w. more than is needed ; 

overpower, O-v^r-pou'^r, v.t. to vanquish by 
superior force ; affect to excess. 

overreach, 0-v^r-r5ch', v.t. to cheat.— r.i. to 
strike the hmd-foot against the fore-foot, 
as a horse. [perior power ; supersede. 

overrule, O-v^r-rftl', v.t. to control bv su-| 

overran, O-v^r-run', v.t. to run or spreatl over. 
—p.t. vrwn,u.—p.p. overrun. 

oversee, O-v^r-sG', v.t. to superintend.— p. ^. 
oversaw.— ;?.??. overseen. [manager. I 

overseer, O-v^r-s^', 11. a superintendent ;j 

overshot, O'ver-shot, a. denoting a wheel 
driven by water supplied at the top. 

oversight, O'v^r-sTt, 11. sujKTvision ; neglect ; 

overt, O'v^rt, a. open ; public. 

cft)ze ; tlse, rfile, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, th^ ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; cj^ip, az(zh)ure. 

Digitized by V3OOQ iC 




oyertftke, O-v^r-tftk', v.L to come up with ; 
catch ; seize.— p.<. oyertook.— />7>. over- 

overthrow, O-v^r-thrO', v.t. to throw over or 
down ; bring to an end ; ruin.— »7. over- 
threw.— p.p. overthrown, [ing; fall ; ruin.! 

overthrow, O'v^r-thrO, n. act or overthrow- 1 

overtone, 0'Vi?r-tOn, n. upper harmonic tone 
produced by a body in Bonorons vibration. 

overtop, O-v^r-top', v.t. to surpass in height ; 
excel. [ductory piece of music. | 

overture, O'v^r-ttlr, n. a proposal ; intro-| 

overturn, O-v^r-turn', v.t. to turn over ; throw 
over or down ; rum.— w. o'vertum. 

overweening, O-v^r-wCn'ing, a. conceited ; 
liaughty ; presumptuous. 

overwhelm, O-v^r-whelm', v.t. to overspread 
and bear down ; fall upon and crush ; 

oviform, 0'vi-f6rm, a. egg-shaped. 

oviparous, O-vip'^-rus, a. propagating by eggs. 

owe, 0, v.t. to be indebted. [quence of. I 

owing, O'ing, a. or adv. due ; m conse-j 

owl, oul, n. a carnivorous 

owlidi, ourish, a. like an 
owl ; stupidly solemn. 

own. On, v.t. to possess ; 
confess; acknowledge. 

own. On, a. belonging to ; 

owner, On'yr, n. one who 
owns ; rightful proprie- 

ownership, Gn'^r-ship, n. 
right of possession. 

oz, oks, n. a mule of 
horned cattle .—j)l. 
oxen. Owl. 

oxide, oxyioks'id, 
poimd of oxygen with an elementary sub- 

idise, -i»e, oks'i-diz, v.t. and v.i. to convert 

into, or become, an oxide.— w. oxida'tionf 

oxyffen, oks'i-jen, n. an elementary gas, 

wnich forms part of the air, and supports 

life and combustion. 
oxygenate, oks'i-jen-ftt, v.t. to impregnate, or 

cause to unite, with oxygen, 
oyster, ois't^r, n. a bivalve shell-fish. 
oione, O'zOn, n. a modification of oxygen, 

found in the atmosphere. 

P, p, p6, Hixteenth Utter of the alphabet, 
pabnlnm, pah'yu-luni, n. food ; sustenanee. 

paee, pfts, n . a step ; measure of thirty inches ; 
gait; &mh\e.-v.t. to measure by steps; 
walk over to and fro.— tJ.i. to walk ; amble. 

paoer, pfls'er, n. a horse that paces. 

paeha, pa-sn&' see pasha. 

paehyderm, pakM-d^rm, n. one of an order of 
animals distinguished by thick skins, as 
the elephant, horse, etc.— pi. pachyderms, 
paehydmn'ata.— a. paehyderm'atous. 

Vslf 'ik» «. peace-making ; peaceable. 
, p(^-8if'i-kat, v.t. to restore peace to. 

paoify, pas'i-fl, v.t. to make peaceful ; ap- 
pease ; soothe.- n. paeiflea'tion. 

pack, pak, n. a bundle ; load ; set of cards ; 
company of hounds. — v.t. to make into a 
package ; crowd together j fill. 

package, pak'^j, n. anythmg packed ; a 
bundle ; parcel. 

paeket, pak'et, ». a small package ; vessel 
plying between ijorts. 

paet, paKt, n. a contract ; agreement. 

pad, pad, n. a small cushion.— r.^. to stuff 
with anything soft.- ».i. to walk. 

padding, padMng, n. soft stuffing. 

paddle, pad'l, r.i. to dabble in water with 
the feet.— v.t. and v.i. to row with a pad- 
dle.— n. a short broad oar, or blade ; blade 
in the driving-wheel of a steamboat. 

paddook, pad'pk, n. snull inclosed field. 

padlock, pad'lok, n. a lock catching into a 
staple. [triumph. I 

paan, p€'an, n. hymn to Apollo ; song of | 

pagan, pS'g^n, n. a heathen. — a. heathen. 

paganism, pS'g^n-izm, n. heathenism. 

page, paj, n. one side of tlie leaf of a book. 
— v.t. to number the pages of. 

page, paj, n. a serving-boy. 

pageant, paj'^nt, n. a showy exhibition ; 
nrilliant display. 

pageantry, paj'^nt-ri, n. pompous exhibition. 

pagodnu P^-gO'dQ^ n. an East Indian temple, 

paid, pSd.p.t. and p.p. of pay. 

pail, pal, n. oix;n vessel for liquids ; bucket. 

pain, pan, ?i. mental or bodily suffering ; in 
])l. fabor ; care. — v.t. to give pain to ; dis- 
tress, [pain ; laborious.! 

painfbl, pan'ful, a. causing pain ; suffering! 

painless, panMes, a. without pain. 

painstaking, pans'tak-ing, a. scrupulously 
faithful in performance. 

paint, pant, v.t. to color ; depict in colors.— 
v.i. to practise painting.—;?, a coloring 
substance ; pigment. 

painter, pant'^r, n. one who paints ; artist. 

painter, pant'^r, ti. rope to fasten a lx>at. 

painting, pant'fng, n. art or act of laying on 
colors, or of depicting an3rthing in colors ; 
color laid on ; a picture. 

ace, air, add, arm, ask, fill, visage ; sfivCre, ebb, her, mak^r ; I^e, inn ; Odpr, ox, Off, 

Digitized byLjOOQl(i 




pur, par, n. two things eufted to each other, 
or used together ; a couple ; man and wife. 
— v t. to join in couples.— r./. to be joined 
in couples ; match. [chamber-wear. 

fuunu, pft-j&m'az, loone garment for 

paiMe, pal'9«, n. a royal house ; a gplendi( 
mansion.— a. pala'tkl. [peers ; a hero. 

p»lt^ilif^^ pal'a-din, n. one of Charlemagne's 

palMntoiogisi, pal-e-on-tol'p-jist, n. a studeu 
of palaeontofogv. 

palvontology, pal-e-on-torp-ji, n. science 
which treats of fossils.— a. Mlaontolog'ie. 

palanqwin, Mlankeen, pal-^n-lcen' n. light 
carriage borne on men's shoulders. 

palataUe, pal'^-t^bl, a. pleasing to the taste. 

palatal, pal'^t^l, a. bertainingto the palate ; 
uttered by the aid of the palate. 

palate, pal'^t, n. roof of the mouth ; taste. 

pilatiii«t<i. pA-lat'in-ftt, n. territory ruled by 
a palatine. [ing almost royal power. 1 

palaiina, pal'^-tin, n. a prince or noble hav-i 

palaver, pft-lllv'^r, n. idie or cajoling talk. 

palaver, pft-lftv'^r, v.i. to use profuse or ca- 
joling talk. \witiaM.—T.t. to make pale. ' 

pale, pfti, a. not brightly colored ; wan.— w.; 

pale, pftl, n. a stake in a fence or stockade ; 

palette, paTet, n. /--> ^^-^ ^^ 

tablet on which / ^^TTx \ ^r7^ 
a painter mixes / \ 

his colors. 

palfrer, pal'fri, 
pftl^-, n. a saddle- 

palimpeeet, palimp- 
sest, n. manu- 
script from 
which the first writing has been erased to 
make room for a second. 

palins. pSl'ing, n. a fence of pales. 

palitiiitt pal-i-sftd^ n. fence of stakes.— v. ^. 
to fortify with a palisade. 

pall, p&I, n. a cloth over a coffin. 

pallj pai, v.i. to become vapid.— «.<. to dis- 
pirit ; cloy. 

j^fia^inWi pal-laMi-am, n. a statneof Pallas ; 
a safeguard ; a light rare metal. 

pallet, pal'let, n. a small low bed. 

pallet, pal 'let, n. detent lever by which the 
escapement moves the pendulum. 

palliate, palMi-at, v.t. to excuse • extenuate : 
mitigate.- re. pallia'tioii. [mitigating. 

palliative, palMi-^-tiv, a. serving to palliate ;| 

pallid, palMid, a. pale ; wan. [ment. 

pallium, pari-um, n. an archbishop's vest-| 

palm, p&m, n. inner part of the hand ; trop- 
ical tree, or its branch ; a sjrmbol of vic- 

, pSm, v.t. to impose by fraud. 


palmate, palmated, pal'mat, -ed, a. shaped 
like the open hand ; webbed, as feet. 

palmer-worm, pam'er-wurm, n. a destructivo 

palmetto, pal-met'O, 
;i. small species of 

palmistry, paPmis- 
tri, «. art of tell- 
ing fortunes from 
the lines in the 
palm of the hand. 

Paim-Simday. pftm- 
sunM^ n. Sunday 
before Easter. 

palmjr, pftm'i, a. 
flourishing ; pros- 

palvable, pal'Mi-bl, a. 
that may he felt ; 
manifest, — adv. 

pafftete, pi 

idly. — n. 

-_„, pal'pi-tftt, v.i. to throb ; beat rap- 
idly.— n. palpita'tioB. 

palsy, jjai'zL n. paralysis.— r.^ to paralyse ; 
deprive of power. 

palter, p&l't^r, v.i. to act insincerely ; trifle. 

paltry, pftl'tri, a. trifling ; mean ; contempt- 

pamper, pam'p^r^ v.t. to feed luxuriously ; 
indulge excessively. 

pamphlei, pam'flet, n. small unbound book 
of stitched sheets. 

pamphleteer, pam-flet-Sr', n. a writer of pam- 

pui, pan, n. broad shallow vessel ; part of a 
gun-lock which holds the priming. 

panaeea, pan-ft-s6'ft, n. a universal remedy. 

panada, pft-nfid'a, n. bread or biscuit boiled 
and sweetened. 

paneake, pan'kak, n. thin cake fried in a pan. 

pandemonram, pan-d^-mO'ni-um, 71. the hall 
of demons ; place of crime or uproar. 

pander, panM^r, who procures vicious 
gratification for another. — v.i. to act as a 

pane, pSn, n. a plate of glass. 

panegvrie, pan-g-jir'ik, n. a discourse in 
praise of some person or event.— «. pane- 
gyric, pane^yrieu. 

panegvrife, -ise, pan'e-jir-Iz, v.t. to praise 
highly.— n. panegyrisi 

pandi, pan'el, n. a compartment in a frame. 
—v.t. to form with panels. 

panel, pan'el, n. a list of iurymen. 

panp;, pang, n. sudden pain ; agony. 

panie, pan'ik, n. sudden or causeless fright. 
— a. of the nature of a panic. 

pannier, pan'y^r, ti. basket i)orne by a horse. 

dbze ; tlse, rflle, p&Il, up ; oil, out ; thin, ihG ; 

get, jet ; kin, sin ; cl^ip, az(zh)iire. 
Digitized by LjOOQ IC 




panoply, pan'9-pli, n. a full suit of armor. 

panoruna, {)aii-9-r&'in§, n. an exteusive 
view ; eeries of scenes giving u continuous 
picture.— a. paaoram'ie. [ease. I 

pansy, pan'zi, n. a species of violet ; heart's-! 

pant, l>ant, v.i. to breathe (luickly ; to long 
eagerly. ^/j. rapid breathing. 

pantalooni, pan-t^ldbnz', trousers. 

pantheism, pan'thg-izm, n. doctrine that 
God is the universe. 

pantheist, pan'thg-ist, n. a believer in pan- 
theism.— a. paatheist'ie. 

pantheon, pan'thg-pn, n. temple dedicated 
to all the gods. 

panther, pan'th^r, n. a fierce quadruped of 
the cat kind. 

pantomime, pan't^-mlm, n. a representation 
or entertainment in dumb show.— a. pan- 

pantry, pan'tri, n. room or closet for provi- 

pap, pap, n. soft food or pulp ; a teat. — a. 

papa, pa-pft', w. father (word U8e<l by children). 

papaey, pa'p^si, n. oflice or authority of the 

papal, pa'p^l, a. relating or pertaining to the 

papaw. p^-i>&% n. a tropical tree and fruit ; a 
N. American tree and fruit. 

paper, pS,'p^r, n. a substance made of rags, 
etc., for writing or printing on ; a docu- 
ment ; essay.—?;./, to cover with paper. 

papier-maehj, pftp'yS-ma-sha', n. plastic sub- 
stance made of pulped paper. 

Paj^t, pfl'pist, n. an adherent of the Pope ; 
Roman Catholic (used oflfensively). — a. 
papist'ie, papist'ieal. 

papyrograpn, pa-pl'rp-graf, n. apparatus for 
producing fac-simile copies from manu- 

payynis, pft-pl'rus, n. an 
Egyptian reed ; paper * 
made from it.— ;>/. papyri 

par, ptir, n. state of equal- ^^.. 
ity ; eouality of nomi- 
nal ana market values. 

parable, par'^-bl, n. a fable 
illustrating some doc- 

parabola, pa-rab^p-l^, n. 
curve or figure formed 
by the intersection of 
a cone with a plane parallel to one side. 

parabolie, par-^bolMk, a. of the form of a 
parabola ; expressed in a parable. 

paraehnte, par-a-8hfit% v. apparatus resem- 
bling an umbrella for descending safely 
from a balloon. 


parade, p^rSd% 7t. pompous display ; mili- 
tary display.— r.^ to display ostenta- 
tiously ; display as soldiers.— r.t. to go 
al)out for show, or as soldiers. 

paradigm, par'a-dim, n. an example ; in 
gram, model of 

paradise, par'nai^, 
n. the gardtii ^.] 
Eden J any pi n-... 
of delight ; \viiw\- 
en.— a. para- 

paradiseUrd, i 
n. bird n - 
markable for 
splendor m 
found in Neve 

paradox, par's 
doks, n. somn - 
thing ap- 
parently ' 
absurd, * 
but really triH'. 
—a. paradox leal. 

paraffin, paraffins, uar'a-Hn, 
n. a substance like sper- 
maceti, prepared from 

paragon, par'^gpn, n. a model of excel- 

paragraph, par'^-graf, n. a distinct ^rt of a 
discourse ; thecharacter^ indicating this ; 
a brief notice. 

panllax, par'^-laks, n. apparent change of 
position in a distant body caused by 
change of place of the observer. 

parallel, par'^-Iel, a. equally^ distant at every 
iwint; similar in direction or aim.— «. a 
line equidistant at every point from an- 
other ; likeness. — v.t. to correspond to. 

parallelism, par'^-lel-izm, n. 

state of being parallel; re- r \ 

sembance. \ \ 

parallelogram, par-^-lel'p- \ \ 

gram, n. a plane four- \ ^ 

sided figure with opposite 

sides equal and parallel. Parallelogram. 

parallelopiped, par-^-lel-o- 
plp'ea, -pi'ped, n. regular solid bounded 
by six parallelograms. 

paralyse, -ise. par'^-llz, v.t. to disable ; affect 
with paralysis. 

paralysis, pa-ral'i-sis, n. palsy ; loss of mo- 
tion and sensation.- a. paraljrt'io. 

paramount, par'^-mount, a. chief ; supreme. 

Paradise birds. 

ace, air, add, arm, ask, all, visage ; sgvei-e, ebb, her, mak^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, Off, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 



parapet, par'^-pct, n. a wall or rampart breast- 

psrtphenudia, par'^-f^r-iiS'li-ft,??./;^, personal 
ornanieiits and apparel of a wife. (Some- 
times incorrectly used for ornaments or 
trappings generally.) 

partpnnse, par'^frSz, n. a free version or 
re-statement. — v.t. to interpret freely. — a. 

paruite, par'^slt, n. a hanger-on ; plant or 
animal nourished by the juices of another. 
—a. pansit'ie, parasit'ictL 

parasol, par'^-sol, n. small umbrella used as 
a screen from the sun. 

parbeil, pftr'boil, v.t. to boil partially. 

pareeL i)ar'8el, n. a portion ; package.— v. <. 
to divide into portions. [scorched. I 

paroh, parch, v.t. to scorch.— r.i. to become] 

parehment, p&rch'raent, n. skin of a sheep or 
goat prepared for writing on. 

pard, pSrd, n. the leopard. 

pardon, pSr'dpn, v.t. to forgive; remit the 
penalty of.— w. forgiveness ; remission of 

pardonaUe, pJlr'dpn-^bl, a. that may be par- 
doned . [surface of. I 

pare, par, v.t. to shave off; cut away the| 

paregone, par-g-gor'ik, n. a soothing medi- 
cine ; camphorated tincture of opium. 

parent, parpen t, n. a father or a mother. 

parentage^ p§r'ent-9,j, n. birth ; extraction. 

parentu, pft-rent'^1, n. of, or befitting, a par- 
ent ; affectionate. 

parenthesis, pft-ren'the-sis, n. something in- 
serted in a sentence otherwise complete. — 
pi. jiarentheses, the marks ( ) indicating a 
parenthesis.— a. parenthet'ie. 

parhelion, par-hfi'li-pn, n. a mock sun pro- 
duced by atmospheric refraction. 

pariah, pS'ri-ft, n. a Hindu of the lowest 
caste ; outcast. 

Parian, pft'ri-^n, a. pertaining to the island 
of Paros ; denoting a kind of white un- 
glazed porcelain. 

paring, paring, n. that which is pared off. 

parisB^ par'ish, n. district under one pastor : 
district. [to a parish. 

parishioner, par-ish'un-er, n. one belongingi 

parity, par'i-ti, n. equality ; analogy. 

park, pirk, n. inclosed ground with trees ; 
place for, or collection of, artillery. 

parlance, p&r'lans, n. talk ; forms of speech. 

parley, pftr'li, r.l. to speak ; confer.— n. talk : 
conference. [sultation. 

parliament, par'li-ment, n. a meeting for con-| 

Parliament, par'li-ment, n. the national legis- 
lature of Great Britain 

parliamentary, pftr-li-ment'^ri, a. pertaining 
to, or according to the rules of, Parliament. 

parlor, pftr'lpr, n. a sitting-room ; drawing- 

parochial, pa-rG'ki-^1, a. pertaining to a parish. 

parody, par'9-di, 11. poem closely imitating 
another.- «;.i. to imitate in parody ; trav- 
esty, [oral ; not written.! 

parol, par'ol, n. oral declaration in law.— a.] 

parole, pa-rol', n. word ; word of honor ; pass- 

paroaaet, par-9-ket', n. a small parrot. 

parond, pa-rotMd, a. denoting a gland situ- 
ated below the ear. 

paroxysm, par'pks-izm, ii. sudden fit of pain 
or passion.— a. paroii^m'aL 

parquet, pSr-kfi', n. floor ; lowest range of 
seats in a theatre. 

parrakeet, par-^-kCt', n. a small parrot. 

parrioide, par'i-sid, n. the mnraer, or mur- 
derer, of a parent.— a. parrici'dal. 

parrot, par'pt, n. a tropical 
fruit-eating bird. 

parry, par'i, v.t. to ward off. 

parse, p&rs, v.t. to analyse 

parsimony, pSr'si-mpn-i, n. 
frugality.— a. parsimo'- 
nioos. [for season i ng. I 

parsley, pSrs'li, n.herb used| 

parsnep, parsnip, pftrs'nip, n. 
plant with edible root. 

parson, pftr'spn, n. the 
clergyman of a parish. 

parsonage, pftr'spn-^j n. Parrot, 
house of a parson. 

part, pSrt, n. portion ; share ; side.— i?.^ to 
divide ; separate. — v.i. to separate. 

partake, pftr-tak', v.t. and v.i. to have a part ; 
share. [ground. 

parterre, pSr-tar', n. an ornamental plot of | 

partial, par'sh^l, a. relating to a part ; not 
total* inclined to favor one party.— w. 
partisl'ity. [taking.— ». a partaker. I 

participant, p3,r-tis'i-p^nt, a. sharing; par-| 

participate, p^r-tis'l-pftt, v.i. to partake ; nave 
a share.- n. ^articipa'tion. 

participle, pHr'ti-si-pl, w. form of a verb par- 
taking of the nature of both adjective and 
verb.— a. partieip'ial. 

particle, pftr'ti-kl, n. a minute portion ; atom ; 
small uninflected part of speech. 

parti-colored, pftr'ti-kul-urd, a. variegated ; of 
several colors. 

particular, p^r-tik'yu-lar, a. pertaining to a 
single person or thing ; special ; exact.— n. 
a distinct part ; single point. 

particularity, p^r-tik-j^-lar'i-ti, n. quality of 
being particular ; peculiarity. 

particnlariie, -ise, p^r-tik'yu-l^r-Tz, v.t. to men- 
tion the particulars of ; specify. 

<ft)zc; Use, rtile, pull, up; oil, out; thin, thS; 

get, jet ; kin, ein ; chip, az(zh)ure. 

Digitized by VjOOQIC 




parting, pftrt'ing, n. a dividing ; separation : 
departure. [—a. belonging to a party. 

ptrtuan, pilr'ti-zan, n. an adherent of a party. | 

partiflui, pftr'ti-zau, ji. a kind of halberd. * 

partitum, p^-tish'nn, n. act of dividing ; 
separating wall.— ».i. to divide into shares ; 
separate by a partition. 

partreiTe, pftrt'i-tiv, a. distributive. 

partly, pftrt'li, adv. in part. 

partner, p&rt'n^r, n. an associate ; sharer ; 
companion in dancing. . 

partnenhip, pftrt'n^r-shlp, n, association in 

partridge, pftr'trii, 
n. genus of gal- 
linaceous birds. 

party, pftr'ti, n. 
number of per- 
sons united for 
some puipose or 
interest ; as- 
sembly ; one 

concerned in Partridge, 

any affair. 

parvenu, pftr've-nfi, n. one who has lately 
risen in society. 

paiehal, pas'k^, a. pertaining to the Pass- 

paalia. pft-sh&^ n. a Turkish governor. 

pashalie, pa'sh&-lik, n. office or jurisdiction 
ofapasna. [poon.l 

pasquinade, pas-kwin-ad', n. a satire: lam-| 

pats, pM, v.t. to go by, over, beyond, etc.; 
spend ; omit ; enact ; cause to go by.— 
v.i. to go by ; move ; elapse ; circulate. — 
n. a passage ; passport ; thrust. 

passable, pftsV^C a. that may be passed ; 

passage, pas'^j, n. act of passing ; journey ; 
voyage ; way ; entrance ; occurrence ; 
portion of a discourse, etc. 

passenger, pas'en-i^r, n. one who passes ; 
traveller oy public conveyance. 

passe-partout, pas'pftr-tdb, n. light picture- 
frame without external moulding. 
' g, Pfts'ingi ctdv. surpassingly. 
II, pash'nn. «. suffering ; strong emo- 
tion ; anger ; love. 

passienate, pash'un-^t, a. filled with passion : 
ardent; hot-tempered. [sion ; calm. 

passionless, pash'un-les, a. free from pas-l 

passive, pasav, a. unresisting ; not acting ; 
denoting a form of the verb in which the 
grammatical subject is the object of the 

Passover, pfts'O-v^r, n. chief feast of the Jews. 

passport pfts'pOrt, n. official permission to 
travel, [one is allowed to pass. I 

password, pfts'wurd, n. a word given before| 

past, past, a. gone by ; ended. — n. time gone 
m.—prp. beyond. 

paste, pftst, a. dough ; viscous cement ; ar- 
tificial gems.— «).i. to fasten with paste. 

pasteboard, pftst'bOrd, n. very thick paper. 

pastel, pas-tel', n. a picture drawn in colored 

pastern, pas't^rn, n. part of a horse's foot, 
between the fetlock and the hoof. 

pastil, pastille, pas'til, -teP, n. small cone of 
aromatic substances for burning. 

pastime, pfts'tim, n. diversion ; recreation. 

pastor, pfts'tpr, n. a shepherd ; clergyman. 

pastoral, p^s'ty-r^J, a. relating to shepherds ; 
rural ; relating to clergymen. — n. a rural 
poem ; letter or address to the clergy. 

pastorate, pas'tpr-^t. n. office of a pastor. 

pastry, pfts'tri, w. pies, tarts, etc. 

pasturage, past'yur-^j, n. pasture ; pasture- 

pasture, past'yur, n. grass for grazing: 
grass-land.— f.<. to supply with pasture.— 
v.i. to graze ; feed. [paste. 

pasty, pas'ti, n. a pie, e»n. of meat. — a. like, 

pat, pat, n. a gentle blow.— v.^ to strike 
very gently. [pose.j 

pat, pat, a. fit ; suitable.~ac?t7. to the pur-, 

patch, pach, v.t. to mend with a piece; 
mend or make up rudely. — n. a piece put 
on ; small piece of ground. 

patohwork, pach'wurk, n. fabric formed of 
patches ; fragmentary work. 

pate, pSt, 11. the head. 

patent, pat'ent, a. open ; manifest ; pro- 
tectea by a patent.— ». official document 
securing a privil^e.— v.i. to grant or 
secure by patent. [ent.| 

patentee, pat-en-te^ n. one who holds a pat-J 

paternal, pft-ter'n^-l, a. fatherly; derived 
from a father. [to his child. I 

paternity, pft-ter'ni-ti, n. relation of a father] 

Paternoster, pat'^r-nos't^r, n. the Lord's 

path, path, n. a trodden way ; track ; course 
of action. 

pathetie, pa-thet'ik, a. exciting pity ; touch- 
ing, [den. I 

pathless, p&th'les, a. withont paths ; nntrod-| 

pathologist, pa-thol'9-jist, n. one versed in 

pathology, pft-thol'p-ji, n. the science of dis- 
ease.— a. patholog'io, patholog'ieal. 

pathos, pa'thos, n. that which excites pity or 
tender feeling. 

pathway, pftth'wft, n. a path. 

patient, pa'shent, a. sustaining pain, wronsTi 
or ton without complaint ; meek ; re- 
signed • calmly expectant.— n. a sufferer ; 
one under medical treatment.— n. patienM. 

ace, air, add, firm, ftsk, ail, vis^e ; sgvfire, ebb, her, mak^r ; Ice, inn ; Odpr, ox, dff, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 




patriareh, pft'tri-grk, n. head of a family ; 
dignitary in tlie Greek Church ; man of 
venerable age.— a. patriueh'al. 

pftteieian, p^trish'^n, n. a nobleman.— a. 
pertaining to a nobleman. 

purimony, pat'ri-mQ-ni, n. hereditary estate. 
—a. patrimo'nial. [^— a. ]»triotie. I 

patriotj p&'tri-9t, n . a lover of his native land. | 

patriotism. p9,'tri-9t-izm, n. love of one's 
native land. 

patrol, pa-tr01% v.i. to go the rounds, as a 
guard.— /i. a guard which goes round a 
camp, etc., at night. 

patron, pft'trpn, n. a protector ; one who 
countenances.— /«m. patroness. 

patronago, pat'rpn-^j, n. countenance ; sup- 
port ; aid. 

patronise, -ise, pat'rQn-Iz, v.t. to act as pa- 
tron to ; countenance ; support. 

patronymio, pat-rp-nim'ik, n. name derived 
from an ancestor. 

patten, pat'en, n. kind of shoe standing on 
an iron ring ; base of a column. 

patter, pat'^r, v.i. to fall with a rattling 
noise.— t?.^. to repeat rapidly. 

pattern, pat'^rn, n. a model ; example. 

P»tty» pat'i, n. a little pie. [quantity. I 

paamtT, pa'si-ti, n. fewness ; smallness of | 

pannen, pfinch, -S-, n. the belly ; first stom- 
ach or ruminants. [ported by charity. I 

panper, pa'p^r, n. a poor person ; one 8up-| 

panpensm, p&'p^r-izm, 71. state of being a 
pauper ; destitution. 

pavse, pSz, 71. a stop ; cessation ; suspense. 
— v.t. to stop ; wait. 

pave, pftv, v.t. to lay with stone, brick, etc., 
for walking on ; to prepare. 

pavement, pSv'ment, a. a paved surface. 

paver, pft'v^r, pavior, pav'ypr, n. one whose 
trade is to pave. [men ted building. I 

pavilion, pa-viPyun, n. a large tent ; orna-| 

paw, pft, n. the foot of a beast with claws,— 
v.t. and v.i. to scrape with the foot ; han- 
dle roughly. {& wheel or rack. I 

pawl, p&l, n. catch falling into the teeth of | 

pawn, p&n, n. a pledge deposited as security. 
—v.i. to give m pledge. 

pawn, p&n, n. the smallest piece in chess. 

pawnbroker, pan'brOk'^r, n. one who lends 
money on pledges. 

pay, pft, v.i. to discharge a debt ; requite. — 
pM and p.p. paid.— n. payment : recom- 
pense ; wages. [be paid. 

payable, paVhl, a. due ; that may or should 

payee, pa-6', n. one to whom money is paic 
or to be paid, [officer who pays soldiers. 

paymaster, pa'm^s-t^r, n. one who pays ; 

payment, pa'ment, n. act of paying ; any- 
thing paid. 

pea, p6, n. a vine and its edible seeds, 
peace, pes, w. quiet ; freedom from war or 

disturbance ; friendliness ; silence, 
peaceable, pSs'^-bl, a. disposed to peace ; 

peacefu, pSs'ful, a. quiet ; tranquil ; calm, 
peach, p6ch, n. a tree ; its stone-fruit. 
peacock, pS'kok, 71. large fowl with splendid 

plumage.— /<?m. peahen, 
peak, p&k, n. pointed end of anything ; 

sharp top of a mountain, 
peaked, p6Kt, a. pointed : having a peak, 
peal, p61, 71. a loud sound ; set of bells. — v.i. 

to give a loud sound. 
peann, pfi'nut, n. the ground-nut. 
pear, par, 71. a tree and its fruit, 
pearl, p^rl, n. beautiful white concretion 

found in shell-fish ; anything precious, or 

like a pearl.— a. pearlv. 
pearlash, p^rl'ash, n. refined potash, 
pearmain, par^man, 71. a kind of apple, 
peasant, pez'^nt, n. a countryman ; rustic : 

rural laborer. [ively. 

peasantry, pez'^nt-ri, 71. peasants collect-! 
pease, p6z, 7i.j)l. peas in quantity or bulk, 
peat, p6t, n. fossil vegetable matter used as 

pebble, peb'l, 71. small roundish stone. 
pebbly, peb'li, a. full of pebbles. 
pecui, pe-kan', 71. a nut-tree of the hickory 

kind, and its fruit. 
peocadillo, pek-^-diPO, n. a petty fault, 
peocary, pek'a-ri, 

n. a nog-like 


peck, pek, n. 

measure of 

eight quarts, or 

one-fourth of a 

peck, pek, v.t. to Peccarv 

strike or pick r-eccary. 

up with the beak ; strike with something 

pointed. [breast or chest. I 

pectoral, pek'to-r^l, a. pertaining to the| 
peculate, pek'yu-lat, v.i. to steal ; embezzle. 

— n. pecnla'tion. [strange.- w. pecnliar^ity. I 
peculiar, pe-kfll'y^r, a. one's own ; special ;| 
pecuniary, pe-ktln'i-^r-i, a. relating to money. 

-arft?. pecuniarily, [a. pedagog'ic (-goj'-).| 
pedaffogue, ped'^-gog, 71. a schoolmaster.- 1 
pedu, ped'gl, w. lever moved by the foot, 
pedant, ped'^nt, n. one who makes a useless 

or uncalled-for display of learning.— a. 

oedanVic. [play of learning.l 

pedantry, ped'^nt-ri, n. vain or useless dfe-l 
peddle, pea'l, v.i. and v.t. to travel and retail 

small wares. 

dbze ; 

tlse, rfile, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, thS ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; chip, az(zh)are. 

d by Google 

Digitized b 




peddler, pedlar, ped'l^r, n. travelling dealer 
in small wares. [statue, etc. I 

pedestal, ped'es-t^l, n. base of a column,] 

pedestrian, pe-des'tri-g-n, a. going, or per- 
formed, on foot.—//, a walker. 

pedestrianiim, pg-des'tri-g,n-izm, «. act or 
practice oi walking. [lineage. I 

peoigree. ped'i-^rC, n. register of genealogy ;| 

pediment, ped'i-ment, n. triangular space 
above a door, window, etc. [or fruit. I 

pedunele, pe-dung'kl, n. footstalk of a flower] 

peel, p61, v.t. to strip off the skin, rind, etc. 
—v.i. to come off, as skin. — n. rind ; skin ; 

peep, pSp, v.i. to look through a narrow 
space ; look slily or closely ; begin to 
appear ; cry as a chicken. — n. sly look ; 
cry of a chicken ; a beginning to appear. 

peer, p6r, v.i. to come in sight ; look nar- 
rowly ; peep. 

peer, p6r, n. an equal ; member of the House 
of Lords ; high nobleman.— /Vwi. peeress. 

peerage, pSr'^j, n. rank of a peer ; body of 

peerless, pCr'les, a. uneaualled ; matchless. 

peevish, pC'vish, a. fretful ; cross-tempered. 

peewee, p6'w6, 71. an American fly-catcher 
(bird) of several species. [with a peg.l 

peg, peg, n. a wooden pin.— «;.^. to fasten| 

peii, pelf, n. money. 

peliean, peri-k^u, n. 
water-fowl with 
large pouched 

pelisse, pe-]e8^ n. 
furred robe ; la- 
dy's habit. 

pellet, pel'et, n. a 
little ball. 

pelliele, pel'i-kl, n. 
thin skin ; film. 

pell-mell, pel-mel, adv. promiscuously. 

pellneid, pel-lfi'sid, a. very clear ; transpar- 
ent.— ?^. pellneidness. 

pelt, pelt, 71. a furrjr skin. [at.j 

pelt, pelt, v.t. to strike with missiles ; throw] 

peltry, pelt'ri, 71. pelts or furs in general. 

pelvis, pel'vis, w. the basin-shaped bone at 
the base of the abdomen. 

pemmican, pem'i-k^n, 71. dried meat and fat 
prepared for food. [—v.t. to write. I 

pen, pen, v. pointed instrument for writing ;] 

pen, pen. w. an inclosure for animals.— t?.^. 
to mclose in a pen ; confine. — p.t. andp.p. 
penned, pent. [punishment.] 

penal, pS'n^l, a. incurring, or prescribing,] 

penalty, pen'g,l-ti, n. punishment ; fine. 

penanee^ pen'sms, «. self-inflicted punishment 
for sm. 


penates, pe-n{l't6z, ancient Boman 
household gods. 

penoe. pens, of penny. 

peneil, pen'sil, w. small brush for painting; 
instrument of black lead, etc., for writing 
or drawing ; a collection of rays. — v.t. to 
write, draw, or |)aint with a pencil. 

pendant, peud'^nt, 71. a hanging appendage ; 
ear-ring ; long narrow flag. 

pudency, pend'en-si, 71. suspense; state of 
being undecided. 

pendenC pend'ent, a. hanging ; in suspense. 

pending, pending, a. undecided ; not ended. 

—prp. during, 

pendnlons, pend'yu-lus, n. hanging ; swinging. 

pendnlnm, pend'yu-lum, n. a weight hung so 
as to swmg. 

penetrable, pen'e-trg,-bl, a. that may be pene- 
trated,— w. poietrabil'ity. 

penetrate, pen'g-trftt, v.t. to pierce ; enter ; 
find out. 

penetration, pen-g-tra'shun, w. act of pene- 
trating ; discernment.- 

. penetrative. 


penguin, i)en'gwin, w. a 
short-winged water- 

peninsula, pen-ins'yu-l^ 
71. land almost sur- 
rounded by water. — 
a. peninsular. 

penitenee, pen'i-tens, 7i. 
sorrow on account of 

penitent, pen'i-tent, n. 
sorry for sin ; repent- 
ant.— «. one who re- 

penitential, pen- i -ten' - 
sli^l, a. pertaining to, 
or expressing, peni- 

penitentiary, pt^n-i-ten'sb^ri, ;;. a house of 
correction ; prison for convicted offenders. 

penknife, pen'nif, n. small knife. 

penman, i)en'm^n, n. one who writes with a 
pen ; author. [manner of writing.! 

penmanship, pen'm^n-shfp, n. use of the pen ;| 

pennant, pen'^nt, pen- 
non, pen'pn, 71. 
small flag or 

penniless, penM-les, a. 
without money. 

penny, pen'i, 71. Brit- 
ish coin of the 
value of one-twelfth 
of a shilling, or 
al)out two cents.— pi. def. 



flee, §ir, add, ilrm, ftsk, all, visage ; s§v6re, ebb, her, mSk^r ; Ice, inn ; 0d9r, ox, Off, 

Digitized by LjOOQIC 




ptnnTroyiL pen-i-roi^l, n. an aromatic herb 

of the mint family. [graine. i 

ptmiTweight, pen'i-wftt, n. troy weight of 24| 
penaiu, peii'sil, a. hanging. 
pension, pen'ehun, n. fixed allowance for 

past services.— ».<. to grant a pension to. 
pensioner, pensiontry, pen'shun-^r, -^ri, n. 

one who receives a pension. 
pensive, pen'siv, a. thoughtful ; meditating 

with sadness. 
pent, pent, p.t. and p.p. of pen ; y\ 

closely confined. y^ \ 

pentason, pen't^-gon, n. plane fig- \ / 

nre of five angles. — a. pentsg'- \ / 

ontL ' 

pentameter, pen-tam'g-t^r, n. verse Pentagon. 

of five feet. 
Pentateneh, pen't^tflk, «. first five books of 

the Old Testament. 
Penteoost, pen'te-kOst, n. Jewish festival on 

the fiftieth day after the Passover.— «. 

penteeost'sL [a main building.! 

pent-lumse, pent'hous, n. shed sloping from| 
pennll pe-nult', penoltims, pe-nult'i-mft, n. 

the last syllable but one. 
pennltimtte, p6-nult'i-m^t, a. the last but one. 
. pennmbra, p€-nnm'bra, n. partial shadow, 

esp. in an eclipse. 
pennriou, pfi-nfl'ri-us, a. parsimonious ; nig- 
gardly.— n. j^nnrionsness. 
penary, pen'yu-ri, a. poverty. [flowers. I 

pfi'pni, n. a plant bearing showyl 
■' ' persons \ inhabitants ; a na- 

peonj, pe'pni, 

people, p€'pl, 71. 

tion.—v.t. to 1 

> stock with inhabitants. 

pepper, pep'^r, n. a plant and its pungent 
spicy fruit.— t;.^. to sprinkle with jjepper. 

peppermint, pep'tpr-mint, n. an aromatic herb. 

pepperr, pep'^r-i, a. like pepper ; hot ^ pun- 
gent, [the gastric juice. I 

pepsin, pep'sin, n. the digcptive ferment of| 

peradventore, p^r-ad-vent'yur, adv. by chance ; 

perambnlate, p^r-am'byu-iat, v.t. to walk 
through or about.— ;^ perambnla'tion. 

penunbolator, p^r-am'byu-la-tpr, n. one who 
perambulates ; light carriage for a child. 

pereeivable, p^r-sfiv'^bl, a. that may be per- 
ceived, [mind or senses ; discern. I 

fereeiye, p^r-sev', v.t. to discover by the] 

f«w«ftM^ p^r-sent'^^, n. proportion in the 
hundred. [ceived.— n. pereepUbil'itj. 

pereeptible, p^r-sept'i-bl, a. that may bo per- 

pereeption^ p^r-sep'shun, n. act or power ol 
perceiving ; discernment, [of perceiving, i 

pereeptiTe, p^r-sep'tivj a. having the power | 

pereh, p6rcn, n. roosting-place or birds.— t?.i. 
to sit on a perch ; Wght.—v.t. to place, as 
on a perch. 

pereh, perch, 7^. a genus of food-fishes. 

pereh, perch, n, measure of 5i linear yards. 

perehanee, p^r-chftus', adv. by chance ; per- 

percioient, p^r-sip'i-ent, a. perceiving. 

percolate, pSr'kp-lftt, v.t. and v.i. to strain 
through ; filter.— w. pereola'Uon. 

pereossion, p^r-kusli'un, n. act or effect of 
striking ; stroke ; shock. 

perenssion eap, p^r-kush'un kap, n. small cap 
containing a fulminate used to explode 
gunpowder. [the sou 1 . 1 

peraition, p^r-dish'un, n. loss ; ruin ; loss of j 

perecrinate, per'g-gri-nftt, v.i. to travel about ; 
live abroad.—//, perefrina'tion. 

peremptory, P9r'em.t9-n, a. positive ; authori- 
tative.— arft?. peremptorily. 

perennial, p^r-en'i-^l, a. lasting for years; 
perpetual ; living more than two years, as 
a plant. [ing every excel leuce. I 

perfwt, per'f^kt, a. complete ; finished ; hav-I 

perfect, p^r-fekt', p6r'-, v.t. to make perfect ; 
complete.— w. perfec'tion. 

perfldioQS, p^r-fid'i-us, a. full of perfidy: 
treacherous ; faithless. [treachery. 

perfidy, per'fl-di, n. want of faithfulness ;| 

perforate, pSr'fp-rflt, v.t. to bore through- 
pierce.— n. perfora'tion. [sity. 

perforce, p^r-fOrs', adv. by force : of neces-l 

perform, p^r-f6rm', v.t. to do thoroughly; 
execute ; act.— i?.i. to do ; act ; play, as on 
an instrument. 

performance, p^r-fdrm'^ns, n. act of per- 
forming; anything performed : execution 
action ; public exnil)ition. [substance, 

perftmie, per'ftlm, n. a sweet odor ; fragrant 

perftmie, p^r-ftlm', v.t. to scent. [eral 

perftimery, p^r-fflm'^r-i, n. perfumes in gen 

perftmctory, p^r-fungk't<;>-ri, a. done to get 
rid of the duty ; negligent. 

perhaps, pj^r-haps'. adv. by chance ; possibly. 

Peri, pC'ri, 71. a fairy in Persian mythology. 

periciffdinm, per-i-kfird'i-um, ti. membranous 
bag surrounding the heart. 

perigee, per'i-jc, n. point of the moon's orbit 
nearest the earth. 

perihelion, per-i-hC'Ii-pn, n. point in a planet's 
orbit nearest the sun. 

peril, per'il, n. danger ; risk.— ©.<. to hazard. 

perilous, per'il-us, a. dangerous. [figure. I 

perimeter, pe-rim'g-t^r, n. measure round a| 

period, pe'ri-pd, n. a circuit ; time in which 
anything is performed ; portion of time ; 
date ; elaborate sentence ; point ( . ) mark- 
ing the end of a sentence ; end. 

periodic, periodieal, p6-ri-od'ik, -^1, a. return- 
ing at regular intervals ; pertaining to 
periodical 8. 

periodical, pC-ri-od'i-k^tl, n. publication which 
appears at regular intervals. 

dbze ; Use, rflle, pull, up ; oil, out ; thin, thQ ; get, jet ; kin, sin ; c]^ip, az(zh)uie. 

Digitized by LjOOQ IC 




. perioftram. per-i-os'te-um, n. membrane cov- 
ering a bone. 

PeriptUtic, perM-pa-tet'ik, a. denoting the 
pniloBophy of Aristotle.— n. a follower of 

periphery, pe-rif'er-i, n. circumference. 

periphrase, per^-fr&z, periphruis, p^r-if 'ra-sig, 
n. roundabout expression ; circumlocu- 
tion.— a. ptriphratt'M. [lost.l 

periih, per'ish, v.t. to decay ; waste ; die ; be| 

penihMle, per'ish-^bl, a. subject to decay. 

peristyle, per'i-stll, n. range of columns round 
a building. [ing the abdominal cavity. I 

peritoneiun, per-i-t9-n6'um, n. membrane lin-l 

peritonitii, per-i-t^-nT'tis, n. inflammation of 
the peritoneum. 

periwif. per'i-wig, n. a wig. 

periwinkle, per'i-winglc-1, n. small shell-fish. 

perjure, p6r'jur, v.r. to swear falsely ; brealc 
an oath. [breaking an oath. I 

perjury, p6r'jilr-i, n. false swearing ; act of | 

perk, perk, v.t. and v.i. to hold up saucily, 
as tne head. 

permanent, p^r'ma-nent, a. continuing ; dur- 
able ; lasting.— n. permanence. [meated.l 

permeable, pSr'me-^-bl, a. that may be per-| 

permeate, per'me-at, v.t. to pass through the 
pores of.— n. permea'tien. 

permiffible, D^r-mis'i-bl, a. that may be per- 
mitted ; allowable. 

permiwion, p^r-mish'un, n. act of permitting ; 
leave ; allowance. 

permiiiiTe, p^r-mis'iv, a. granting leave; 

permit, per-mit', v.t. to give leave to ; allow. 

permit, per'mit, n. a written permission. 

permntMien, p6r-mtl-tft'shun, n. arrangement 
in every possible order ; change of order. 

pemieiooB, p^r-nish'us, a. destructive ; hurt- 
ful ; noxious. [speech.! 

peroration, per-p-ra'shun, n. conclusion of a| 

perpendiemar, per-pen-dik'yu-l^r, a. exactly 
upright; meeting at right angles.— w. a 
perpendicular line or plane. 

perpendicular^, per-pen-dik'yn-lar'i-ti, n. 
Rtate of being perpendicular. 

perpetrate, p6r'pe-trat, v.t. to perform ; com- 
mit (in a bad sense).— w. perpetra'tien. 

perpetrator. pSr'p^-tra-t^r, n. one who perpe- 
trates ; doer. 

perpetoal, p^r-pet'yu-^l, a. never ceasing; 
everlasting.- a<:i^?. perpetually. 

perpetnate, p^r-pet'yu-at, v.t. to make per- 

f>etual ; preserve from extinction or ob- 
ivion.— 7;. perpetna'tion. 
perpetnity, per-pg-tfl'i-ti, n. state of l)eing 
perpetual ; endless duration ; anything 
perplex, p^r-pleks', v.t. to embarrass ; puzzle. 

perplexity, Mr-pleks'i-ti, n. state of being 
perplexea ; embarrassment ; intricacy. 

peroniaite, p6r'kwi-zit, n. an allowance above 
the settled wages. 

peneente, per'sg-kflt, v.t. to pursue with in- 
jury or annoyance ; harass ; punish for 
opinions.— «. persecn'tion. 

persecutor, per'sg-kfl-tpr, n. one who per- 

persevere^ pSr-sg-vfir', v.i. to persist ; pursue 
anything steadily.— n. persereranee. 

persimmon, per-sim'9n, n. an American tree, 
and its fruit. 

persist, p^r-sist% v.i. to continue in any 
course; remain steadily.— n. persistnee, 

person, p^r'spn, n. an individual ; living hu- 
man being ; outward appearance ; bcNdy. 

personage, ^r'son-^j, n. person ; character 
represented ; distinguished person. 

personal, p^r'sQn-^, a. belonging, or relat- 
ing, to a person ; done in person ; bodily ; 
movable, as property. 

personality, pfer-s^n-al'i-ti, n. that which con- 
stitutes a person ; quality of being ner- 
sonal. [dividnally.| 

personally, p^r'spn-^l-i, adv. in person ; in-| 

personalty, p^r'sQn-^-ti, n. personal prop- 

personate, per'spn-at, v.t. to assume or coun- 
terfeit tne person of ; represent.— «. pM- 

personify, p^r-sonM-fl, v.t. to ascribe to an 
inanimate thing, or abstraction, the qual- 
ities of a person.— persM&iflea'tion. 

personnel, pSr-s^n-el', n. persons, collectively, 
employed in any service. 

perspective, p^r-spek'tiv, n. view ; vista ; art 
of representing objects on a plane surface 
as they appear to the eye. — a. pertaining to 

perspicacious, pSr-spi-ka'shus, a. discerning ; 
keen.— w. perspicac'it][. 

perspicuous, p^r-spik'yu-us, a. clear to the 
mind ; eviaent ; plain. 

n. perspL 

[spiring ; sweat. 


perspiration, p6r-spi-ra'shnn, n. act of per- 

perspire, p^r-splr', v.t. and v.i. to emit nui< 
througn the pores ; sweat. 

persuade, p^r-swad', v.t. to influence by 
reasoning, entreaty, etc. ; prevail on ; con- 

persuasion, p^r-swa'zhun, n. act of persuad- 
ing ; state of being persuaded ; convic- 
tion ; creed. [suade.l 

persuasive, p^r-swa'ziv, a. tending to per-| 

pert, p6rt, a. forward ; saucy ; impertinent. 
—adv. pertly.— n. pertness. 

pertain, p^r-tan', v.i. to belong ; relate to. 

ace, air, add, firm, ftsk, fill, vis^e ; egvCre, ebb, h6r, mak^r ; Ice, inn ; 0d9r, ox, dff, 

Digitized by VjOOQl(i 



, I)'8hii8, a. holding firmly 

to an opinion or purpose ; obstinate.— n. 

pertinent, per'ti-nent, a. relevant ; fitting ; 

appropriate.-n. pwtinenee, pertineney. 
perron, p^r-tarb', ^.^ to agitate ; disturb.— 

n. pertnrba'tion. 
peruke, per'flk, n. a wig. 
perosal, pe-rQz'^l, n. act of perusing. 
pwnse, pe-rftz', v.t. to read attentively ; 

permde, per-vad', v.t. to penetrate ; spread 

through or over.— n. penruion. 
perrMive. p^r-vft'ziv, a. tending, or able, to 

pervade. \ 

perrerse, per-vers', a. obstinate in the 

wrong ; froward. — n. peryers'itj. 
pe r y en ien, p^r-ver'shun, n. act of perverting ; 

diverting from truth ; misapplication, 
perreri, p^r-vert', v.t. to turn from truth or 

the right course ; misapply ; corrupt. 
perrert, per'v^rt, n. one turned from a true 

to a false opinion, 
pervious, pSrSi-us, a. penetrable ; affording 

a passage.— n. pervioneneis. 
pessimift, pes'im-ist, n. one who takes a 

gloomy view of things.— o. petiimistle.- 

pest, pest, n. a contagious disease ; plague ; 

anything destructive or annoying. 
pester, pes't^r, v.t. to harass witn trifles 

worry. [with contagious diseases. 

pest-honse, pest'hous, n. hospital for persons 
pestiferons, pes-tif'^r-us, a. bearing pesti 

lence ; pestilent. 
pestilenee, pes'ti-lens, n. epidemic contagious 

disease ; plague.— a. pestilen'tisl. 
pestilent, pes'ti-lent, a. nurtful to health or 

morals ; troublesome, 
pestle, pes'tl, n. instrument for pounding 

anything in a mortar. 
pet, pet, n. a fit of peevishness or slight 

anger.— a. pettish, 
pet. pet, n. any creature fondled or indulged ; 

favorite.— 1'.<. to treat as a pet ; fondle.— 

a. favorite. 
petal, pet'ail, n. a flower-leaf. 
petard, ps-tArd', n. engine of war for blowing 

down gates, etc. 
petiole, pet'i-Ol, n. footstalk of a leaf, 
petition, pfi-tish'un, n. request; prayer.— 

v.t. to present a petition to ; supplicate. 
petitioner, pe - tish' un - ^r, n. 

one who offers a petition, 
petrel, pet'rel, n. a gonu8 of 

long-winged sea-fowl, 
petrifaetion, pet-ri-fak'shun, 

n. conversion into stone ; 

anything petrified. 


petrifketive, pet-ri-fak'tiv, petriflo, pet-rif'ik, 

a. having the power to change into stone. 

petrify, pet'ri-fl, v.t. to convert in 

, , . into stone ; 

fix in amazement. 

petrography, pet-rog'r^-fl, n. science deal- 
ing witli the stnicture of rocks, 

petroleam, pg-trO'l^-um, n. an inflammable 
bituminous liquid found in the earth. 

petrilv ry rrt rrhrQ.ji, n. the science of rocks. 

petti -.1 1 . M n. a woman's underskirt. 

pettifogger, ]n ii l'>g-9r, n. paltry lawyer. 

petty, [>i r ], /■ ^i»i;ill ; trifling; contemptible. 

peiul&ot, [M rvfi l-mt, a. saucy ; peevien.— w. 
Vfitnlftsoe. [plants.! 

petttnJik, |H' Id'ni-ii, n. genus of flowering! 

pew. pfl fi. ini iiJcJosed scat in a church. 

pewit, ot, ]^'\vir, n, a European bird ; the 

pewtir, ]ifL'[cr. /'. jilloy of tin and lead, 
phutoa, rtl'i'-lf,n]^ n. an open four-wheeled 

phalLllE, fj|J''FMILr 

phLatABm, fiui t i/m, n. a fancied vision; 
iiiuj^iun ; »pei;lre.— a. phantas'mal. 

phantasmagoria, fan-taz-ma-gO'ri-a, n. exhi- 
bition of figures by a magic lantern. 

phantom, fan'tpm, n. an apparition ; illusion. 

Pharisee, far'i-sC, n. one of a Jewish sect 
very strict in the observance of religious 
ordinances,— «;. pharisa'ic, pharisa'ioal 

pharmaeopsia, f&r-m^-ko-pe'y^, n. book con- 
taining instructions in pharmacy. 

pharmaey, far'ma-si, n. art of preparing and 
mixing medicines,- ' .... 

' fiif soldiers.— 77^. phalan'ges.| 
iiLrkf*, fft'-, n. a compact bodyj 

a. pharmaeen'tio, phar- 

pharos, fa'ros. n. a light-house. 

pharynx, far'ingks, h. upper expansion of 
the gullet. 

phase, fftz, n. appear- 
ance ; one of a series 
of changes. 

pheasant, fez'ant, n. a 
genus of gallinaceous 

phenomenon, f6-nom'en- 
on, n. an appearance ; 
anything observed; 
something unusual. — 
pi. phenomena.— a. phe- 
nomenal, rtle.l 

phial, fl'^l,;;. a small bot-| 

philanthropist, fil-an'thro- 
pist, w. a lover of man- 
kind ; person of ab- 
stract benevolence. 

philanthropy, fil-an'thro- 
pi, n. love of mankind 
in general.— a. philan- 

Pheasant (Chin«*(). 


flse, rftle, pull, up; oil, out; thin, th^\ get, jet; kin 


, sin ; (?hip, az(ah)urc. 

digitized by GOOQle 





fil-ip'ik, w. an invective discourse, 
fll-orp-jist, n. one versed in phil- 



philology, fll-ol'p-ji, w. scientific study of 
language.— a. philolog'ie, jphilolog'ioal. 

philomel, fil'9-mel, n. the nightingale. 

philopena, fil-p-pe'na, 11. kind of game of 

philooopher, fil-os'p-f^r, n. one skilled in 
philosophy ; one who acts calmly and 
rationally. [like a philosopher.! 

philoK^Uie, -ise, fil-os'9-flz, v.t. to reason | 

philosophy, fil-os'p-fl, ^^ knowledge of phe- 
nomena in their relations of causes and 
effects, and the laws governing these ; 
rational wisdom ; any philosophical sys- 
tem.— a. philoMph'ic, philosoph'ieal. 

philter, philue, fiPt^r, n. a dnig or charm to 
excit-e love. [blood. I 

phlebotoniT, ileb-ot'9-mi, n. act of letting] 

phl^^ flem, n. mucus ; indifference ; dul- 
ness— a. phlegmaVie (fleg-). [plants. I 

phlox, floks, n. a genus of showy flowering] 

phonix, fe'niks, n. a fabulous bird believed 
to exist single in the world, to burn itself 
at the end of 500 years, and revive from 
its own ashes ; something of unique ex- 

phonetie, fO-net'ik, a. pertaining to the sound 
of the voice ; representing tne elementary 

phoneties, fo-net'iks, phonology, fo-nol'9-ii, n. 
science which treats of the voice and the 
sounds of speech. 

phonograph, fO'np-graf, n. an instrument for 
recording and reproducing sounds. 

phonography, fo-nog'r^-fi, n. a system of 
short-hand.— a. phonograph'ie. 

phosphate, fos'fftt, n. a salt of phosphoric acid. 

phosphoresoent, fos-fo-res'ent, a. shining with 
a Taint light, without heat.— ». phospho- 

phosphoms, fos'fo-rus, n. an elementary com- 
bustible substance, faintly luminous in 
the dark. — a. phosphorie. 

photograph, fO'to-gr^f, n. a picture i)roduced 
by photography. [tises photography. I 

photographer, fO-tog'ra-f^r, n. one who prac-| 

photography, fO-tog'ra-fi, n. art of producing 

{)ictures by the action of light on chem- 
cally prepared surfaces. 

photophone, fO't9-fOn, n. an instrument by 
which light-vibrations are made to pro- 
duce, or reproduce, sound. [the sun. I 

photosphere, f0't9-8fer, w. the solid body of | 

phrase, frilz, w. part of a sentence ; short ex- 
pression ; form of speech. 

phraseology, fm-ze-«l'9-ji, ft- Htyle or man- 
ner of expression. 

doctrine of 
ti certain par__ 
of the brain and certain functions of the 
[ing hard. I 
e ; breath-i 
n. consumption of 

phthisis, thi'sis, tis'-, t